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3  1833  00826  6352 

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This  work  is  respectfully  dedicated  to 


long  since  departed.     May  the  memory  of  those  who  laid  down  their  burdens 
by  the   wayside  ever  be   fragrant  as   the  breath   of   summer 
flowers,  for  their  toils  and  sacrifices  have  made 
Guernsey  County  a  garden  of  sun- 
shine and  delights. 



All  life  and  achievement  is  evolution;  present  wisdom  comes  from  past 
experience,  and  present  commercial  prosperity  has  come  only  from  past  exer- 
tion and  suffering.  The  deeds  and  motives  of  the  men  that  have  gone  before 
have  been  instrumental'  in  shaping  the  destinies  of  later  communities  and 
states.  The  development  of  a  new  country  was  at  once  a  task  and  a  privi- 
lege. It  required  great  courage,  sacrifice  and  privation.  Compare  the  pres- 
ent conditions  of  the  people  of  Guernsey  county.  Ohio,  with  what  they  were 
one  hundred  years  ago.  From  a  trackless  wilderness  and  virgin  land, 
it  has  come  to  be  a  center  of  prosperity  and  civilization,  with  millions  of 
wealth,  systems  of  railways,  grand  educational  institutions,  splendid  indus- 
tries and  immense  agricultural  and  mineral  productions.  Can  any  thinking 
person  be  insensible  to  the  fascination  of  the  study  which  discloses  the 
aspirations  and  efforts  of  the  early  pioneers  who  so  strongly  laid  the  founda- 
tion upon  which  has  been  reared  the  magnificent  prosperity  of  later  days? 
To  perpetuate  the  story  of  these  people  and  to  trace  and  record  the  social, 
political  and  industrial  progress  of  the  community  from  its  first  inception 
is  the  function  of  the  local  historian.  A  sincere  purpose  to  preserve  facts 
and  personal  memoirs  that  are  deserving  of  perpetuation,  and  which  unite 
the  present  to  the  past,  is  the  motive  for  the  present  publication.  The  work 
has  been  in  the  hands  of  able  writers,  who  have,  after  much  patient  studv 
and  research,  produced  here  the  most  complete  biographical  memoirs  of 
Guernsey  county.  Ohio,  ever  offered  to  the  public.  A  specially  valuable  and 
interesting  department  is  that  one  devoted  to  the  sketches  of  representative 
citizens  of  this  county  whose  records  deserve  preservation  bcause  of  their 
worth,  effort  and  accomplishment.  The  publishers  desire  to  extend  their 
thanks  to  the  gentlemen  who  have  so  faithfully  labored  to  this  end.  Thanks 
are  also  due  to  the  citizens  of  Guernsey  county  for  the  uniform  kindness  with 
which  they  have  regarded  this  undertaking  and  for  their  many  services  ren- 
dered in  the  gaining  of  necessary  information. 

In  placing  the  "History  of  Guernsey  County,  Ohio,"  before  the  citizens, 
the  publishers  can  conscientiously  claim  that  they  have  carried  out  the  plan  as 
outlined  in  the  prospectus.  Every  biographical  sketch  in  the  work  has  been 
submitted  to  the  party  interested,  for  correction,  and  therefore  any  error  of 
fact,  if  there  be  any,  is  solely  due  to  the  person  for  whom  the  sketch  was  pre- 
pared. Confident  that  our  efforts  to  please  will  fully  meet  the  approbation  of 
the  public,  we  are. 





Natural  Features  —  Drainage  —  Forest  Trees  —  Minerals  —  Landscape — The 
Streams  of  the  County — Settlement  of  the  County — Zane  Trac£— Wills  Creek — 
Origin  of  Some  Geographical  Names. 


Territory  Acquired  by  White  Man — LaSalle's  Explorations — British  Acquire 
Title  from  the  French — Colonial  Ohio  Land  Company — George  Washington — 
Boquet's  Expedition — Indian  Disturbances — Battle  of  Point  Pleasant— North- 
west Territory  Acquired  by  United  States — George  Rogers  Clark — Indian  His- 
tory— Last  Tribes  in  Ohio — Indian  Customs  and  Amusements — Anecdote  of 
Col.  John  McDonaTd. 


Military  Land  District — Land  Surveys  Completed — Guernsey  County  Formed — 
Civil  Townships  Organized — County-seat  Question — Town  Plats  of  the  County 
— Incorporated  Towns — A  Lost  Town. 


V2         The  First  Settler — Pioneer  Graham— Early   Comers — Life  of  the   Pioneers — 
First  Schools — A  Wounded  Deer — Indian  Camps. 


Official  Record — First  Officers — Commissioners  Busy — Organization  of  Town- 
ships—The County-Seat  Question — The  First  Court  House — The  County  Jail — 
County  Infirmary — The  Children's  Home1— A  Five  Year  Record — Assessments 
in  1835 — Assessments  for  1910 — Treasury   Defalcations — Resulting   Trials. 


Votes  in  1824 — The  Campaign  of  1840 — Naphtali  Luccock— Origin  of  Term 
"Hard  Cider  and  Log-Cabin  Campaign"— Notes  on  the  Campaign  of  1844 — Old 
Time  Flag  Poles— The  Civil  War  Period— A  Visit  to  McKinley— Different 
Votes  on  Prohibition — Presidential  Vote — Gubernatorial  Vote^Congressmen 
— State  Senators — Representatives — County  Treasurers — Sheriffs — Clerks  of 
the  Court — Associate  Judges  from  1S10  to  1851' — County  Auditors — County 
Recorders — County  Surveyors — County  Commissioners — Infirmary  Directors 
— Prosecuting  Attorneys — Probate  Judges — Coroners. 


An  Honorable  Military  Record — A  Revolutionary  Character — Soldiers  of  1812 
-^Captain  Beymer's  Company — Captain  Martin's  Company — Captain  Beatty's 
Company — Off  to  the  Wars — Soldiers  of  the  War  of  1812 — The  Mexican  War — 
The  Civil  War — The  First  Company  of  Cambridge  Volunteers — Drafts — Mur- 
der of  Marshal  Cook — Guernsey  County  Enlistments — Soldiers'  Aid  Societies 
— A  Regimental  Printer — John  Morgan's  Raid — The  Cambridge  Scouts — The 
Spanish-American  War  —  The  Cambridge  Soldiers'  Monument  <—  Soldiers' 
Graves— Grand  Army  of  the  Republic. 


Early  Efforts  to  Provide  Schools — First  Free  School  in  Cambridge — Other 
Early  Schools — Spelling  Classes — The  Cambridge  Academy — District  School 
Notice: — A  Teacher  Wanted — Other  Educational  Institutions  —  Cambridge 
Schools— The  High  School — The  First  Commencement'— The  Richland  Town- 
ship Free  School — Pioneer  School  Discipline — Present  School  Statistics — Cam- 
bridge   Seminary — Madison    College. 


Early  Religious  Sentiment— The  Methodist  Episcopal  Church— The  First  and 
Second  Churches  at  Cambridge— A  Disastrous  Fire— The  Byesville  Church, 
and  Societies  at  Cumberland,  Salesville  and  Other  Points — The  Christian 
Churches  at  Quaker  City  and  Cambridge — The  Friends  Church — The  Catho- 
lic Church — Methodist  Protestant  Church  at  Cambridge  and  Byesville — The 
Presbyterian  Church  at  Cambridge! — Cumberland — Lore  City — "Washington — 
Senecaville — Cumberland  Presbyterian  Church — United  Brethren  Church — 
Evangelical  Lutheran  Church — Pleasant  City,  Senecaville  and  Harmony  Con- 
gregations— St.  John's  Episcopal  Church — United  Presbyterian  Churches — 
Byesville,  Washington,  Pleasant  Hill,  Lebanon  and  Fairview  —  Baptist 
Churches — Macedonia,  Goshen,   Cumberland   and   Byesville. 


The  First  Masonic  Lodge — Guernsey  Lodge  No.  66 — Cambridge  Chapter  No. 
53,  Royal  Arch  Masons — Guernsey  Council  No.  74,  Royal  and  Select  Mas- 
ters— Cambridge  Commandery  No.  47.  Knights  Templar' — Princes  of  Jerusa- 
lem— Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine — Guernsey  Chapter  No.  211,  Order  of  the 
Eastern  Star — Cumberland  Lodge  No.  134 — Mount  Pleasant  Lodge  No.  360 — 
Quaker  City  Lodge  No.  500 — Acorn  Chapter  No.  205.  O.  E.  S. — Cumberland 
Chapter  No.  110,  O.  E.  S—  Quaker  City  Chapter  No.  177,  O.  E.  S.— Pleasant 
City  Chapter  No.  227.  O.  E.  S— The  Masonic  Temple — Masonic  Calendar— In- 
dependent Order  of  Odd  Fellows — Cambridge  Lodge  No.  301 — Cambridge  En- 
campment No.  150.  Patriarchs  Militant— Other  Lodges — Knights  of  Pythias 
— Cambridge  Lodge  No.  53 — Pleasant  City  Lodge  No.  595 — Rathbone  Sisters, 
Golden  Rod  Temple  No.  128— Quaker  City  Lodge  No.  310 — Seneca  Lodge  No. 
727— Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks — Cambridge  Lodge  No.  448. 


Hardships  of  Early  Settlers — The  Sheep  Industry— Statistics  of  1876 — Report 
of  1907 — Good  Fleeces — Agricultural  Societies — First  Premium  List — The  Fair 
at  Washington — A  Peculiar  Season. 

Early  Importance  of  Transportation — Zane  Trace — The  Pike,  or  National 
Road— The  Old  Wheeling  Road— Survey  of  the  Seven  Ranges— New  Wash- 
ington—Early Roads— The  Old  Pike— Report  of  Travel1— Toll  Gates— First 
Flat  or  Keel  Boat  on  Wills  Creek — First  Steamboat — Leaving  the  Country 
with  a  Flatboat — An  Early  River  Venture— The  Railroad  Era— The  Centra! 
Ohio  (now  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio)  Railroad— The  Cleveland  &  Marietta  Road 
—Ohio   River   &    Western    Railroad. 


Early  Lawyers — First  Colored  Jury — Death   Sentences — First   Grand   Jury   in 


Guernsey  County — Present  Justices  of  the  Peace — Prominent  Early  Attor- 
neys— Published  Lists — Present  Court  Officers — Present  Members  of  the 
Guernsey  County  Bar. 


Efficiency  of  the  Pioneer  Doctors — Paper  by  Dr.  C.  A.  Moore — Early  Medical 
Advertisements — Dr.  Andrew  Wall — Personal  Mention  of  Members  of  the  Fra- 
ternity— List  of  Early  Guernsey  County  Physicians — Present-Day  Physicians 
■ — Medical  Societies — Keenan's  Hospital. 


The  First  Newspaper — The  Guernsey  Times — The  Washington  Republican,  the 
First  Democratic  Paper — The  Jeffersonian — The  (hiernsey  'limes — Joseryh 
Sterling  Thomas — People's  Press — A  Curious  Editorial — The  Cambridge  Her- 
ald— Other  Cambridge  Newspapers — Newspapers  at  Pleasant  City — Byesville 
Newspapers— Those  at  Cumberland— Quaker  City  Papers. 


Banks  Established  Early  to  Meet  a  Demand — Wild-cat  Money — Discount  on 
Bank  Notes — An  Old  Bank  Detecter— Old  Time  Values— Value  of  Town  Lots — 
Guernsey  County's  First  Bank — National  Bank  of  Cambridge — Guernsey  Na- 
tional Bank — Citizens  Savings  Bank — Central  National  Bank1 — Cambridge  Sav- 
ings Bank — People's  Bank — Guernsey  Building  and  Loan  Company — Byesville 
Banking — Banking  at  Cumberland — Senecaville — Quaker  City — Cambridge 
Loan  and  Building  Company — Bank  Failures. 


Mineral  Resources  of  Guernsey  County — Development  of  Coal  Mines — Statis- 
tics— Description  of  the  Large  Mines — Smaller  Mines  of  the  County — Salt 
Manufactory — Natural  Gas. 


Origin  of  Name — Location — The  Oldest  House  in  Town — Levi  Morgan — Early 
History — Settlers — The  Whipping  Post  in  Cambridge — Early  Deeds  Made^- 
Early  Business  Prospects — The  Old  Market  House — Cambridge  Postoffice — 
Early  Stage  Lines  and  Mail  Service — A  Postoffice  "Primary"  Incident— First 
Telegraph  in  Cambridge — Municipal  History— Present  City  Officers^The  Pub- 
lic Library — The  City  Cemeteries — Religious  Worship — Temperance  Move- 
ments— Important  Events — Gen.  Tom  Thumb — First  Events — Lorenzo  Dow  in 
Cambridge — William  Henry  Harrison  Here — Long-ago  Incidents — Old  Wills 
Creek  Bridge — A  Cambridge  Newsboy — Boom  the  Town — Industrial  Cam- 
bridge^— Prominent  Industries — A  Cambridge  Fire — A  Midnight  Fire — Fire  of 
1S95— A  Terrible  Death. 


Boundaries — Old  Settlers — Personal  Mention  of  Pioneers  Who  Settled  in  the 


One  of  the  Original  Five  Townships — Present  Boundaries  and  Area — Streams 
— Roads — Home  of  the  First  White  Settler  in  Guernsey  County. 


Area  and  Boundaries — Early  Settlement — Prominent  Early  Pioneers — Centre- 
ville— Craig. 


A  Township  Without  a  Village — Area — Aged  Residents  of  the  Township- 
First  Actual  Settlers. 


Named  in  Honor  of  General  Jackson — Organization — -Area — Pioneers  Living 
in  1882— Prominent  Early  Families — Byesville»— Incorporation  History — Fac- 
tories— Postofflce — Business    Directory   of   1910. 


Boundary  of  the  Township — An  Agricultural  Community — Old  Settlers  Sur- 
viving in  18761— Sketches  of  Some  of  the  Early  Settlers. 


Physical  Description  of  the  Township — Organization  of  the  Township — The 
Zane  Trace — First  Settlement  in  the  Township— Platting  of  Fairview—  Post- 
office — Mayors — Business  Interests. 


Organization— A  Good  Agricultural  Section — A  Contented  People — Old  Resi- 
dents— Towns  and  Villages — Kimbolton — Business  Interests. 


Description  of  Township — Early  Settlers — Towns  and  Villages — Lore  City — 
Incorporation  and  Town  Officers — Senecaville — Incorporation — Business  Inter- 
ests in  1910 — Early  Conditions  and  Events. 


Area — Rich  in  Agricultural  and  Mineral  Resources — Aged  Early  Settlers  Sur- 
viving in  1S76 — Prominent  Families — True  Pioneer  Hall^Shroud  and  Coffin- 
Towns  and  Villages — Millwood,  now  Quaker  City— Salesville — Its  Inception 
—Present  History— Business  Factors— Incorporation  of  Quaker  City— Present 
Business  Interests — Town  Officers. 


Formerly  a  Part  of  Jefferson  Township — Area — Drainage — New  Birmingham 
— Pioneers    Surviving  in   1876. 


Organization— First  Election — List  of  Aged  Pioneers  in  1876 — Edward  Bratton, 
the  First  White  Settler— Other  Pioneers. 


Organization  and  First  Election — Boundary — Irrigation  and  Drainage — Pio- 
neer Names — First  Settlers — Town  of  Cumberland — Facts  of  Interest — Busi- 
ness Factors  in   1910. 


Boundary  and  Area— Streams  and  Road3— First  Settler— The  Pioneer  Band — 
Town  of  Guernsey — Bird's  Run — A  Strange  Natural  Formation. 


One  of  the  Original  Townships — Physical  Characteristics— Early  Settlers^ 
survivors  in  1876. 



Area  and  Boundary — Old  Residents  in  1S76 — Platting  of  Londonderry — Early 
Organization  of  Quakers— Early-day  School  Facilities. 


Boundary— Drainage — A  Good  Agricultural  Section— Its  Early  Settlers — Levi 
Williams,  the  Pioneer — Towns  and  Villages — Antrim — Winchester. 


Location — Well  Watered1— Prominent  Early  Settlers  Surviving  in  the  Centen- 
nial Year — Woolen  Factory — Pioneers — Towns  and  Villages  of  the  Township — 
Elizabethtown— Washington*—  Present  Officers  and  Population— Present  Busi- 
ness Interests — An  Early  Sketch — Originally  Called  Beymerstown— Frankfort 
—Village  of  Derwent — Formerly  a  Sheep-Raising  District. 


Organization  and  Location — A  Rich  Mineral  Section— First  Settlers — Pleasant 
City— Its  History,  as  Told  by  Ahe  T.  Secrest — Business  Factors  of  1910 — Mu- 
nicipal History — Buffalo   (old  Hartford) — Old  Mills — Fire— Present  Interests. 


Unique  Advertisements — A  Slave  Case — The  "Underground  Railroad" — Some 
Peculiar  Notices — Siamese  Twins — Cambridge  Markets  in  1837  and  1S54 — Mar- 
ket Prices  at  Later  Dates — Present  Prices — California  Gold  Fever  Here — The 
Pennyroyal  Reunion  Society" — A  Curious  Old  Paper — Early  Highway  Rob- 
bery— Henry  Clay  in  Cambridge — Colonel  Sarchet's  Birthday  Banquet — Early 
Guernsey  County  Marriages — A  Human  Team — Meteoric  Shower  of  1833 — Cy- 
clones— Hail  Storm  in  1S20 — Cold  Weather  Statistics — Oldest  Man  in  the 
County — Grave  Robbing — The  First  Mails — Daring  Mail  Robbery — Postoffices 
in  1895 — Guernsey  County's  Man-Woman- — Days  of  Mourning — Death  of  Presi- 
dent Harrison — President  Lincoln's  Assassination — Death  of  President  Gar- 
field— President  Grant's  Memorial  Services — Death  of  President  McKinley — 
Sarchet  Brothers  and  Their  Bible — An  Old  Bridge. 


Pioneer  Incidents— Salt  for  Wheat— The  Old  Mill— Flour  and  Salt— Pack  Sad- 
dle— An  Indian  Wedding*— Early  Whiskey-dog  Trial — County's  Pioneers — Local 
Historical  Sketch — Early  Days  on  Wills  Creek — Sarchet  Gives  Some  History 
— General  Jackson's  Visit  to  Cambridge — "From  Hen  to  Mouth" — The  Old 
i-'ike  and   Early   Inns. 



Academy,    Cambridge    134 

Acorn  Chapter,  O.  E.  S 171 

A  Curious  Editorial    220 

A  Curious  Old  Paper   372 

Adams  Township    281 

Agricultural    Interests    17S 

Agricultural  Societies   180 

Agricultural    Statistics    179 

Aid  Societies,  Soldiers'  98 

A  Lost  Town   44 

Anderson  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F 174 

Anecdote  of  John  McDonald   35 

An  Old  Bridge    392 

Antrim    340 

A    Peculiar    Season    1S4 

A  Revolutionary   Character    SO 

A  Slave  Case   358 

Assassination   of   President   Lincoln.  389 

Assessments  for  1S35    GI 

Assessments  for  1910 61 

Associate   Judges    $2 

A  Terrible  Death   278 

Attorneys,  List  of  202 

Auditors,    County    82 

Austin,  Dr.  Charles  R 210 


Baltimore  &  Ohio  Railroad   194 

Bank    Failures    238 

Bank  of  Cumberland  235 

Banks  and  Banking  224 

Baptist   Church    103 

Bar  of  Guernsey  County   197 

Battle  of  Point  Pleasant  32 

Benevolent   and   Protective   Order   of 

Elks     170 

Beymerstown    340 

Bible,   Sarchet  Brothers'    392 

Birthday  Banquet,   Colonel   Sarchet's  370 

Black    Hawk    2G4 

Bolan,  Dr.  William  K 208 

Boom    the    Town    271 

Boundaries  of  Guernsey  County   ....  25 

Bouquet's   Expedition    31 

Bratton,    Edward    323 

British  Acquire  Ownership   3i> 

Broadhead's   Trail    27 

Buffalo     350 

Buffalo  M.   E.  Church    145 

Buffalo  Presbyterian  Church    152 

Byesville     293 

Byesville  Banking 234 

Byesville  Baptist    Church    105 

Byesville,    Business   Directory    295 

Byesville  Catholic  Church   147 

Byesville  Enterprise    222 

Byesville,    Incorporation    of    293 

Byesville  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F 174 

Byesville  M.   E.   Church    142 

Byesville  M.   P.   Church    149 

Byesville  Postoffice 295 

Byesville  U.  P.  Church , 101 


California   Gold   Fever    300 

Cambridge  Academy    134 

Cambridge  Baptist  Church   103 

Cambridge  Catholic   Church    140 

Cambridge  Cemeteries    2G0 

Cambridge  Chapter,  R.  A.  M 109 

Cambridge  Commandery,   K.   T 109 

Cambridge,  Early  History  247 

Cambridge  Encampment,   P.   M 173 

Cambridge  Episcopal  Church   159 

Cambridge  E.  L.  Church   155 

Cambridge  Fire    276 

Cambridge,  First  Settlers   247 

Cambridge  Herald    220 

Cambridge,  Industries  of  273 

Cambridge  Loan  and   Building  Com- 
pany    237 

Cambridge,  Location  of   245 

Cambridge  Lodge,     B.   P.   O   E 170 

Cambridge  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M 16S 

Cambridge  Lodge,  I.  O  O.  F 173 


Cambridge  Lodge,  K.   P 1'* 

Cambridge  Markets,    1837    305 

Cambridge  Markets,    1854    304 

Cambridge,  Mayors  of  2o7 

Cambridge  M.   E.   Church    138 

Cambridge  M.    P.   Church    147 

Cambridge,  Municipal   History    257 

Cambridge  Newsboy     271 

Cambridge  Postoffice    253 

Cambridge  Presbyterian  Church   149 

Cambridge  Public   Library    258 

Cambridge  Savings   Bank    233 

Cambridge  Schools     120 

Cambridge  Scouts     101 

Cambridge  Seminary    134 

Cambridge  Soldiers'  Monument 113 

Cambridge  Township     284 

Cambridge  U.  B.  Church   155 

Cambridge  U.  P.  Church   160 

Campaign  of  1S40   65 

Campaign  of  1844  68 

Captain  Beatty's  Company   92 

Captain  Beymer's  Company   90 

Captain  Martin's  Company   91 

Catholic  Church    146 

Cemeteries   at  Cambridge    2C0 

Central   National   Bank    232 

Central  Ohio  Railroad  194 

Centre   Township    285 

Children's  Home   59 

Christian   Church    145 

Church    History    138 

Citizens    Savings   Bank    232 

City  of  Cambridge   245 

Civil  "War   94 

Civil  War  Vote   71 

Clark,  George  Rogers   32 

Claysville  M.  E.  Church  144 

Clerks   of  Court    82 

Cleveland  &  Marietta  Railroad 195 

Coal   Mines,  Description   of    241 

Cold  Weather  Statistics   383 

College,    Madison    135 

Colonial  Ohio  Land  Company   30 

Commencement,    First    130 

Commissioners,   County    84 

Congressmen     70 

Cook,  Murder  of  Marshal   97 

Coroners     86 

County  Auditors    82 

County  Commissioners    84, 

County  Government    53 

County  Infirmary    58 

County  Jail     58 

County  Officers,   First    53 

County's    Pioneers    397 

County  Recorders  83 

County-seat  Question   54 

County  Surveyors     83 

County  Treasurers   80 

Court  House,  First  55 

Court  House,  Present    50 

Court    Officers    202 

Cumberland     327 

Cumberland  Baptist  Church   105 

Cumberland  Chapter,  O.  E.  S 172 

Cumberland  Echo     222 

Cumberland  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M 170 

Cumberland  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F 174 

Cumberland  M.  E.   Church   143 

Cumberland  Presbyterian   Church    ..  152 

Cumberland  Presbyterian    Church...  154 

Cumberland  Savings  Bank    235 

Cyclones     381 


Daughters  of  Rebekah    174 

Days  of  Mourning 389 

Death  of  President  Garfield 390 

Death  of  President  Harrison   389 

Death  of  President  McKinley  391 

Death  Sentences    198 

Deeds,   Early    249 

Defalcation,  Treasury   02 

Derwent    347 

Discipline,   Pioneer   School    132 

Drafts  for  Military  Service   97 

Drainage  of  Guernsey  County   25 


Earliest  Physicians    212 

Early  Business  Prospects    250 

Early  Days  on  Wills  Creek   415 

Early  Deeds    249 

Early  Guernsey  County  Physicians.  .  210 

Early  Highway  Robbery   373 

Early  Inns     419 

Early  Lawyers  199 

Early  Marriages    379 

Early  River   Venture    193 

Early  Settlement  of  County   40 


Educational    Development    117 

Elizabethtown     344 

Episcopal  Church    159 

Evangelical  Lutheran  Church   155 

Expedition  by  Bouquet  : .  31 


Fairview     301 

Farview,  Business  Interests  of 302 

Fairview,  Mayors  of  3(11 

Fairview  U.  P.  Church   102 

Fire   of    1S95    277 

First  Colored  Jury  198 

First  Commencement     130 

First  County  Officers   53 

First  Court  House   55 

First  Flat  Boat   190 

First  Free  School   117 

First  Grand  Jury 198 

First  Mails    386 

First  National  Bank,  Byesville   234 

First  National  Bank,  Senecaville   ...  230 

First  Steamboat  on  Wills   Creek....  192 

First  Telegraph    250 

First  Volunteers    95 

Flag  Poles,   Old-time    09 

Flour    and    Salt    394 

Frankfort    347 

Free  and  Accepted  Masons   107 

Free  School,   First   117 

French  Assert  Ownership  30 

Friends    Church    145 

"From  Hen  to  Mouth" 419 


Garfield,    President,   Death    of    390 

Golden  Rod  Templef  R.   S 175 

Gold  Fever    300 

Good   Fleeces    180 

Goshen   Baptist  Church    105 

Government,  County    53 

Grand  Army  of  the  Republic   116 

Grant.   President,   Memorial    Services  390 

Grave  Robbing    3S5 

Graves,    Soldiers'    115 

Gubernatorial  Vote   75 

Guernsey    330 

Gurnsey  Building  and  Loan  Company  234 

Guernsey  Capter,  O.  E.  S 170 

Guernsey  Council,  R.  &  S.  M 109 


Guernsey  County     Agricultural      So- 
ciety      180 

Guernsey  County,    Boundaries  " 25 

Guernsey  County,  Drainage  of  20 

Guernsey  County,  Organization  of  . .  38 

Guernsey  County's  First  Bank   228 

Guernsey  County  Soldiers 97 

Guernsey  County,  Topography  of 25 

Guernsey  Lodge,   F.  &  A.  M 107 

Guernsey  National   Bank    232 

Guernsey  Times    215 


Hail   Storm   383 

Harmony  E.  L.  Church    158 

Harrison,    President,    Death   of 389 

Hartford     350 

Henry  Clay,   Visit   of    375 

Highway    Robbery     373 

Hill,  Dr.  Noah 209 

Historical   Sketch    413 

Holmes,   Dr.   Harry   W 209 

Home,   Children's    59 

Human  Team  379 

Hunt,    Dr.    Samuel    208 


Important  Events 204 

Incorporated  Towns  44 

Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  . .  173 

Indian   Camp    33 

Indian  Disturbances    31 

Indian  History   32 

Indian  Occupancy   30 

Indian  Treaty    32 

Indian  Wedding    395 

Indians,  Removal  of  32 

Industrial   Cambridge    273 

Infirmary     5s 

Infirmary  Directors    So 


Jackson,  General.   Visit  of 418 

Jackson    Township    291 

Jail     58 

Jefferson    Township    288 

Jim   Lyons    35 

Judges,   Associate    82 

Judges,    Probate     86 

Justices   of   the   Peace 199 



Kackley,  Dr.  Jonathan  A 209 

Keenan's    Hospital     214 

Kimbolton     305 

Kimbolton  M.  E.  Church 144 

Knights  of  Pythias 174 

Knox   Township    296 


Lawyers.   Present 202 

Leaving  County  With  Flat  Boat 192 

Lebanon  U.  P.  Church 162 

Liberty     305 

Liberty  Township   303 

Life  of  the  Pioneers 47 

Lincoln,  Assassination  of 389 

Londonderry   Township    335 

Long-ago   Incidents    268 

Lore   City    307 

Lore  City  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F 174 

Lore  City  M.  E.  Church 144 

Lore  City  Presbyterian  Church 152 

Lorenzo  Dow   266 

Luccock,   Naphtali    66 


McDonald,  Anecdote  of  Col.  John...     35 

McKinley,  President,  Death  of 391 

McKinley,  Visit  to 72 

McNeil,  Archie    424 


Macedonia  Baptist  Church 164 

Madison  College   135 

Madison  Township   322 

Mail    Robbery    387 

Mails,    The    First 386 

Man-Woman,  Guernsey   County's 387 

Market  House,  The  Old 251 

Market  Prices   365 

Marriages.   Early    379 

Masonic   Calendar    172 

Masonic   Order    167 

Masonic    Temple    172 

Medical   Advertising    205 

Medical   Profession    203 

Medical    Societies    213 

Metcalf 's  Tavern    2  46 

Meteoric   Shower    .' 380 

Methodist  Episcopal  Church 13S 

Methodist    Protestant    Church 147 

Mexican  War  94 

Midnight  Fire    277 

Military  Drafts    97 

Military  History  of  County 88 

Military  Land  District 38 

Miller,  Dr.  Thomas  J 209 

Millwood    Township    311 

Mines  and  Mining 239 

Mines,  Description  of 241 

Mining  Accidents   240 

Mining  Statistics   240 

Miscellaneous  Events 357 

Monroe  Township  320 

Monument,    Soldiers' 113 

Morgan's  Raid  98 

Murder  of  Marshal  Cook 97 

Mystic  Shrine   170 


Names  of  Streams 26 

Names,    Origin    of 28 

National  Bank  of  Cambridge 229 

Natural  Gas    244 

National   Road    185 

Newspapers  of  the  County 215 

New  Washington    18  7 


Ohio  River  &  Western  Railroad 196 

Old   Bank  Detector 225 

Oldest  House  in   Cambridge 245 

Oldest  Man  in  the  County 385 

Old    Market    House 251 

Old-time  Flag  Poles   69 

Old-Time   Values    226 

Old   Wills   Creek   Bridge 270 

Organization  of  County 38 

Original    Townships 39 

Origin  of  Names 28 

Otterbein  U.   B.   Church 154 

Oxford  Township    298 


Pack    Saddle    395 

Pennsylvania    Railroad     195 

Pennyroyal   Reunion   Society 369 

People's  Bank   234 

Physicians,    Present-day    212 

Pioneer  Doctors    204 

Pioneer  School  Discipline 132 

Pioneers,   County's    397 


Pioneers,   Life   of   the 47 

Pleasant   City    350 

Pleasant  City  Chapter,  O.  E.  S 172 

Pleasant  City  B.  L.  Church 156 

Pleasant  City  Lodge,  K.  P 175 

Pleasant  City   M.  E.  Church 145 

Pleasant  City  Recorder 222 

Pleasant  Hill  U.  P.  Church 162 

Point  Pleasant,  Battle  of 32 

Point  Pleasant  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M...  171 

Postoffice   at    Cambridge 25iJ 

Postoffices    3S7 

Presbyterian  Church   149 

Present  Court  House 56 

Present  Court  Officers 202 

Present-day   Physicians    212 

Present  Lawyers    202 

Presidential  Vote   75 

Princes  of  Jerusalem 170 

Probate  Judges   86 

Prohibition,    Vote    on 74 

Prosecuting  Attorneys   86 

Public   Library    258 


Quaker    City    317 

Quaker  City  Chapter,  O.  E.  S 172 

Quaker  City  Christian  Church 145 

Quaker  City  Independent 223 

Quaker  City  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M 171 

Quaker  City  Lodge,  K.  P 176 

Quaker  City  M.  E.  Church 144 

Quaker   City   National    Bank 236 

Quakers     145 


Raid,  Morgan's    OS 

Railroad  Era   194 

Railways 185 

Rathbone  Sisters    175 

Recorders,  County   83 

Recorder's    Record     60 

Record   of   Recorder 60 

Regimental  Printer   98 

Religious  Worship   262 

Reminiscences 393 

Representatives    78 

Richland  Township    306 

Robbery,  Early  Highway 373 

St.  Benedict's  Catholic  Church 146 

Salesville     315 

Salesville  M.  E.  Church 143 

Salt   for  Wheat 393 

Salt    Manufactory     243 

Sarchet,  Colonel,  Birthday  Banquet.   376 

Sarchet  Family  Bible 392 

Schools,  Cambridge   126 

School   Discipline,   Pioneer 132 

School   Statistics    133 

Scott,   Dr.   Winfield 210 

Second  Baptist  Church 163 

Second  U.  B.  Church 155 

Second   U.  P.  Church 16U 

Secret  Societies    167 

Seminary,    Cambridge    134 

Senators,  State   78 

Seneca  Lodge,   K.   P 176 

Senecaville    308 

Senecaville  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F 174 

Senecaville  Lutheran  Church 157 

Senecaville   M.    E.    Church 145 

Senecaville  Presbyterian  Church 153 

Settlement,    Early    46 

Seven    Ranges     ISO 

Sheep  Industry   179 

Sheriffs    81 

Shroud    and    Coffin 314 

Siamese  Twins    363 

Simons,  Dr.  Charles  P 208 

Soldiers'  Aid  Societies 98 

Soldiers   from   Guernsey    County 97 

Soldiers'    Graves 115 

Soldiers'    Monument    113 

Soldiers  of  1812 90,     93 

Some   Peculiar    Notices 361 

Spanish-American   War    112 

Spencer's  Station   315   ■ 

Spencer    Township    324 

State   Senators    78 

Streams,    Names    of 26,     29 

Surveyors,    County    83 


Telegraph,   First   in   Cambridge 256 

Temperance  Movements  262 

The  Jeffersonian   215 

The    Old    Pike 185,  189,  419 


The    Old    Mill 393 

The  RepublicmirPress   219 

Toll    Gate    Statistics 189 

Tom   Thumb    265 

Topography  of  Guernsey  County....  25 

Town   Plats    41 

Townships,    Organization  of 39,  54 

Townships,   Original    39 

Treasurers,  County    Sti 

Treasury    Defalcation    62 


Underground  Railroad    358 

Union  School   127 

Unique  Advertisements 357 

United  Brethren  Church 154 

United   Presbyterian  Church 160 


Valley   Township    349 

Visit    to    McKinley 72 

Vote,   Gubernatorial    75 

Vote    in   1824 65 

Vote    on    Prohibition 74 

Vote,  Presidential    75 

Volunteers,  First 95 


Wall,  Dr.  Andrew 206 

Washington    344 

Washington  Fair    183 

Washington,   George    31 

Washington  M.  E.  Church 145 

Washington   Presbyterian   Church...   153 

Washington  Republican    215 

Washington  Township   337 

Washington   U.   P.   Church 161 

Water  Navigation    185 

Weather   Statistics    383 

Westland   Township    332 

Wheeling    Road    1S6 

Wheeling  Township  329 

Whipping   Post    248 

Whiskey-dog  Trial   396 

Whittier,  Andrew  89 

William   Henry   Harrison,   Visit  of..   267 

Wills    Creek    Bridge 270 

Wills  Creek,  Early  Days  on 415 

Wills   Township    341 

Winchester     34U 

Wool    Industry    179 

Wounded   Deer    49 


Zane's  Trace  27,  186 


Abels,  James  D old 

Adair,   William   J 71':; 

Albin,  Perry  M 531 

Allison,   Richard   M 907 

Amos,    John   M 544 

Anderson,   Charles   M SIS 

Anderson,    John    813 

Anderson,  Matthias  C S13 

Arbuckle,   Alexander  W 725 

Arndt,    David     608 

Arndt,    Howard    W 608 

Atkins,  Robert  H 791 

Atkins,  Robert  N 59a 

Ault,  Charles   M 650 

Austin,   Charles   R 7S3 


Bair.  James  G 505 

Banta,   Charles  Levi    517 

Barber,  Nathan  H 894, 

Barnes,  John  W 670 

Barr,   James   R 926 

Bayless,  Osmond   M 533 

Beckett,    John    C 477 

Bell,    Oscar    0 604 

Bell,   William   H 674 

Bennett,  Arthur   J 625 

Berry,  John  S 909 

Berry,  Oscar  J 758 

Bierly,   William   F 492 

Bird,    Frank   E...' 852 

Black,   Archibald   L 7S7 

Blair,  William   H 839 

Bond,  John  H 685 

Bonnell,   Thomas  A 4S2 

Bostwick,  John  A 554 

Bostwick,  Nathan   555 

Bown,    Herbert    H 529 

Braden,  Daniel  E S99 

Bradford,   William    X 654 

Bratton,    John    B 770 

Bratton,  Samuel,   Jr 511 

Brown,  J.  Marshall   550 

Brown,    Turner    G 889 

Brown,  William  H 648 

Bruner,  John  L 600 

Burgess,    Samuel    M 494 

Burt,    David    S 72s 

Burt,    John    M 762 


Cain,   Albert  R 672 

Cale,    John    W 801 

Campbell,    James    W 468 

Carnes,   Samuel   C 578 

Carter,    Samuel    610 

Casey,    Charles   L 501 

Catholic  Church  in  Guernsey  County.  480 

Clark,  John  Bargar   945 

Clark,   Richard   J 572 

Clark,   Stephen   B 519 

Clark,   Thomas   C 571 

Cochran,  Alexander    615 

Coen,    Alexander    L 596 

Combs,  James  G 822 

Combs,   John   M Sll 

Conner,  Silas  W 60S 

Conroy,  Dennis   967 

Cowden,  David   L 919 

Cowden.    William    N 919 

Craig,    Samuel   A 662 

Cubbison,  James   588 

Cuhbison,    Pulaski    5S7 


Davis,  Carson  B SOU 

Davis,    William    H GSS 

Davis,  William  H.,  Jr 776 

Deselm,   Wilbur  D 7S6 

Dickersou,   George   W 715 

Dilley,  Ephraim  M \77 

Dilley,    James    L S34 

Dollison.    Joseph    B G27 

Dowdall,   William   W «7:; 

Druesedow.  Anton  E 097 

Dyson,    Joseph    W 520 


Eagleson,    Alexander    G bi9 

Eagleson,   Thomas    534 

Eagleton,   William    913 

Eagleton,  John  913 

Eaton,   James   E 612 

Eaton,  Philip  W 606 

Enos,    Benjamin    F 515 

Evans,    William    P 830 


Fairchild,   John   T 861 

Ferguson,    Ira    503 

Ferguson,    Joseph    B 629 

Finley,  John  F 778 

Finley,    Samuel    A 777 

Fishel,   John    B 774 

Forbes,  Robert   S 786 

Forsythe,    Homer    A 901 

Forsythe,    William    R 923 

Fowler,    Thomas    W 951 

Frame,  Roland  S 793 

Frost,  John  W. . : 622 

Frye,  Charles  W 771 

Frye,   George  W 581 

Frye,   Henry    F 760 

Frye,   William   K 761 


Gable,  John  E 496 

Galbraith,    Henry)   <P -. S28i 

Gander,    David    C 710 

Gander,    Homer    S 707 

Gibson,   William    H 619 

Graham,  Richard  C 552 

Grant,  John  Roland  961 

Green,   Elmer   E 932 

Green,    Fred    F 870 

Green,    James    931 

Green,   Willoughby   B 937 

Gregg.   John   B 537 

Gregg,   William    D 589 

Gregg,  William  J 590 

Groves,    Samuel    C 773 


Hall.  Edward   911 

Hall,  Isaac  W 58* 

Hall.  John  R 5S5 

Hartley,  Leon  C 929 

Hartley,   Milton   L 929 

Hawes,  James   F 779 

Hawes,    Joseph    78" 

Hayman,  Jacob  H 6x2 

Heade,  Wilson  S 521 

Heaume,  William  E 528 

Heiner,  Charles  A 722 

Henderson,   James   C 790 

Hilderbrand,   Benjamin   1 858 

Hoopman,  Elijah  B 750 

Hoopman,  James  A 750 

Hoopman.   Parmer  E 757 

Hoopman.  William  H 512 

Hunt,   William   A 789 

Hutton,  William  A .874 

Hyatt,  John  H 940 

Hyatt,  Noah   947 


Jackson,   Coleman   B 881 

Jackson,  Samuel    740 

Jenkins,  David  J 884 

Johnson,  Samuel  M 042 

Johnston,   Andrew    S.   T 597 

Johnston,  Francis   597 

Johnston,  Willard  B 024 

Johnston,  William  F 921 

Joyce,  Benjamin  B 558 


Kaho,  George  S 095 

Keenan,  Isaac  W 500 

Koontz,  Henry  A 802 

Koren,   Joseph    812 


Laughlin,    James    854 

Lawyer,  William  M 524 

Lee,    Benjamin    F SS2 

Lepage,    Nathaniel     837 

Linkhorn,  L.  S 70S 

Linn,    David     548. 

Lofland,   Gordon    480 

Lowry,  Orlando  F 514 

Luccock,  Howard  W 050 

Lynch,    Edward     S45 


McBurney,   James   R 007 

McConnell,  John  M 579 

McCourt,   James    737 

McCracken,  Alexander    8C8 

McCreary,  James  H 090 

McCreary,   John   L 781 


MeCulloeh,   Allen  R S9S 

Mcllyar,  Clyde  R G59 

McKim,  Martin  V 017 

McKinley,  Thomas  W 717 

McMillen,  George  A 700 


Mahaffey,  John   P 498 

Marsh,   D.   Dillon    640 

Mathews,  Edward  W.,  Jr 500 

Mathews,  Edward  W.,  Sr 405 

Meek,   Erastus  F S24 

Merry,   Abraham  M 908 

Millhone,   Elijah    S71 

Moore,  Andrew  Bines S32 

Moore,   Hiram  K.    '. S96 

Moore,    Isaac    70S 

Moore,  James    W S7S 

Moore,  Robert   B 798 

Moore,  Ross     527 

Moore,  Thomas   1 708 

Moore,  "Wiley  0 57(J 

Moorhead,   Joel    539 

Moorhead.  John  S 843 

Morgan,  John  H 484 

Morton,  Isaac   033 

Moser,  William  M 831 

Murray,  Alexander  R 031 

Murray,   James    G31 


Nash,  John  H 735 

Neeland,  Elijah   705 

Nelson,  Edwin  M 680 

Nichols,  W.  G 972 

Nicholson,  Andrew  W 747 

Nicholson,  Jacob   800 

Nicholson.   John   L S09 

Nicholson,   John  R 755 

Nicholson,  Ulysses  G 749 

Nosset,  David  W 5G4 


Orr,  Charles  A 508 

Ogier,    John,   Jr 541 

Oldham,  Isaac.  A S85 

Oldham,   Isaac  J 609 

Orr.  James  Clinton  507 


Patton,    James    E 543 

People's  Bank,   Pleasant    City    493 

Peters,   James  B 952 

Pitt,   Albert   E M0 

Potts,  Benjamin  0 077 

Pryor,  James  A 820 

Purdum,  U.  C 540 

Purdum,  Zaehary    540 

Pyles.  Thomas    943 


Ramsey,   William  T 784 

Rankin,  Daniel  L 804 

Reasoner,  Lynn   S 035 

Reasoner,  Thomas  H 030 

Reynolds,    John     001 

Riddle,  Lincoln  0 759 

Riggs,  Eugene  C *87 

Ringer,  Arthur  G 607 

Robins,  James  E 583 

Robins,  John,  Sr 5S3 

Robins,   Martin   L 584 

Rogers,  Lawson  A 815 

Rogers,  Lilburn  C 940 

Rosemond    Family    933 

Rosemond,    Fred    L : 930 


St.   Benedict's   Catholic    Church    480 

Salladay,    George    507 

Salladay,   Jacob   W 910 

Salladay,    Lewis   F 573 

Salladay,    Warren    574 

Sarchet,   Cyrus    P.   B 403 

Sarchet    Family    457 

Sarchet,   Moses    46'2 

Sarchet,  Thomas,  Sr 458 

Schick   Brothers    949 

Schick,  Frank  L,  Jr 950 

Schick,  Frank  L,  Sr 949 

Schick,  John  B 951 

Scott,   Nathan   B 733 

Scott,  Robert  T 8G6 

Secrest,   George   M 792 

Secrest,  Harrison    851 

Secrest,  Jacob   F 591 

Secrest,  James  M 850 

Secrest,  James  W sos 

Secrest,  Noah   E 739 

Secrest,  Noah  E 713 

Secrest,    William     795 

Shaw,  George  R 727 

Shepler,  Robert  1 705 

Sheppard,  Benjamin  F 470 


Sheppard,  Charles  S C02 

Sheppard,  William  S 970 

Sherby,   Michael    5G2 

Shriver,  John  W 692 

Shriver,  Mark  Gordon   699 

Shriver,  Michael  E (598 

Siegfried,  Jacob  B 536 

Siens,  Milton  H 557 

Simpson,  William  L, G21 

Skinner,  James  A G47 

Smith,  Ernest  W 724 

Smith,  Frank  R 509 

Smith,   George   M 942 

Smith,  Jeremiah  R 8G9 

Spaid,  Chaise  J 971 

Spaid,  James  E 859 

Spaid,   Thomas  A 702 

Stage,  William  M 827 

Stage,  William  S S27 

Stevens,  Alpheus  L 472 

Stewart,  James  B 574 

Stone,  ^Elias  D S4S 

Stout,   George  H 924 

Strauch,    Matthew    719 

Stubbs,  Isaac  E G52 

Suitt,   William    C G65 


Taylor,  Alexander  A 904 

Taylor,  David   D 592 

Taylor,   Joseph   D 953 

Taylor,   Orlamdo   R S42 

Temple.   Edward    704 

Temple,    Lafayette     704 

Temple,    William    704 

Thompson,  Bert  M 473 

Thompson,    Ebenezer   F S29 

Thompson,  John  A 864 

Thompson,  William   829 

Trenner,    Benjamin    G93 

Trenner,  George  S G44 

Trenner,  Obediah  E 847 

Trott,  Elza  D 752 

True,  Alfred   J 565 

Turner,   George    488 

Turner,  William   H 488 


Upton,  William  H 47G 


Vankirk,  Samuel  C 917 

Veitch,    Henry   H S91 

Vessels,    John   A 9G5 

Vorhies,  Elmer  E 892 


Wagner,  Rev.  J.  H 480 

Wall,    Andrew     720 

Warne,  Clinton  D G91 

White,  Isaac  N 670 

Williams,  Henry  L 523 

Williams,  Robert  N 743 

Wills,   Theodore  M 85G 

Wilson,  Henry  H 638 

Wilson,   James  M 963 

Wilson,   Samuel,   Sr 638 

Wilson,   William  C 964 

Wilson,  William  H 5G9 

Wires,   John    731 

Woodworth,  Henry  P 902 

Wycoff,  Albert  E 714 


Yeo,   William  B 741 

Young,  Ora  F 712 


Zahniser.  Robert  W 915 




Guernsey  county  is  bounded  on  the  north  by  Tuscarawas  and  Harrison 
counties,  on  the  east  by  Belmont  county,  on  the  south  by  Noble  and  on  the 
west  by  Muskingum  and  Coshocton  counties.  Its  soil  is  derived  chiefly  from 
the  underlying  rocks,  which  are  mostly  shales  or  sandstone.  Except  on  the 
eastern  borders,  where  the  limestone  at  the  base  of  the  upper  coal  measure  is 
reached,  this  applies  where  the  soil  is  loose  and  thin.  In  some  places  it 
affords  barely  enough  hold  for  the  growth  of  grasses  on  the  steep  hillsides. 
A  very  small  portion  of  the  lands  in  the  count}'  were  uncultivated  later  than 
1880.  It  has  every  facility  for  a  good  dairy  section,  and  to  this  many  have, 
of  late  years,  turned  their  attention  with  much  profit.  Its  many  springs  and 
cooling  streams  make  it  an  ideal  country  for  this  branch  of  farm  industry. 
Sheep  also  do  well  and  long  years  since  the  county  ranked  third  and  fourth 
of  all  the  counties  in  Ohio  in  the  production  of  sheep  and  wool. 

The  county,  generally  speaking,  is  very  hilly  and  uneven  in  its  topog- 
raph)-. It  has  been  rightly  termed  "up  hill  and  down  hill"  in  its  make-up. 
The  highest  ground  is  in  the  northwest  and  southwest  portions.  Four  miles 
out  of  this  county — over  in  Muskingum  county — west  from  Spencer  town- 
ship, Guernsey  county,  is  situated  High  hill,  the  highest  isolated  point  in 
Ohio,  though  in  Logan  county  the  general  altitude  is  greater.  There  is  a 
romantic  appearance  to  the  general  topography  here.  Strange  to  say,  there 
are  no  valleys  but  those  shut  in  and  surrounded  by  other  hills  and  valleys. 
There  are  quiet  dells,  retiring  far  between  the  swelling  hills,  and  this  makes 
the  whole  scene  one  of  beauty  and  charm  to  the  passer-by.  The  slopes  afford 
good  pasture,  and  in  many  instances  the  hillsides  are  covered  with  fine  vine- 
yards. The  best  mines  in  the  count}-  are  located  in  the  southern  part.  The 
southwestern  section  affords  an  excellent  farming  country,  and  many  years 
ago  this  was  noted  for  its  wealth  of  livestock  and  prosperous  farmers. 


The  drainage  of  the  county  is  by  the  valley  of  Wills  creek,  a  branch  of 
the  Muskingum  river.  .  The  headwaters  of  Wills  creek  include  the  well- 
known  streams  or  creeks,  Leathenvood,  Crooked  creek,  Salt  fork,  Bushy 
creek,  and  Sugar  Tree  fork,  Leathenvood  being  the  larger  of  these  tributaries. 
Wills  creek  flows  from  its  headwaters  in  Noble  county,  through  the  entire 
length  of  Guernsey,  emptying  into  the  Muskingum  near  the  corners  of  Musk- 
ingum and  Coshocton  counties.  All  other  streams  in  this  section  of  Ohio 
How  toward  the  south,  but  Wills  creek  flows  north — away  from  the  Ohio.  It 
is  a  sluggish  stream,  following  a  tortuous  course,  north  and  south,  through 
the  western  part  of  the  county,  with  scarcely  a  foot  fall  per  mile — hence  its 
sluggishness.  Its  numerous  tributaries  form  a  complete  network  throughout 
the  entire  county.  The  soil  through  Which  Wills  creek  flows  is  yellowish, 
hence  the  yellow  appearance  of  this  stream  everywhere  it  meanders. 

The  county  abounds  in  a  good  grade  of  both  lime  and  sandstone  and 
valuable  clays;  it  also  has  an  abundance  of  excellent  timber,  though  much 
of  the  original  forests  have  been  long  ago  cut  and  sawed,  leaving,  how- 
ever, a  good  supply  for  the  present  and  oncoming  generations.  Beech, 
poplar,  sycamore,  oak,  chestnut,  maple,  elm  and  ash  are  among  the  valua- 
ble varieties  of  timber  growing. 

Coal,  which  is  mentioned  in  the  Mining  chapter,  underlies  almost  every 
portion  of  the  county  and  has  come  to  be  the  most  paying  branch  of  Guern- 
sey county's  industries.  Salt  can  be  had  by  boring  wells,  which  was  done  at 
a  very  early  date  in  the  history  of  the  county. 

Nature,  everywhere  within  the  confines  of  this  county,  smiles  on  man 
and  yields  up  her  treasures  of  soil  and  mineral  wealth.  The  landscape 
certainly  is  one  "ever  a  feast  to  the  eye."  and  is  admired  by  resident  and 
stranger  alike.  Wlien  the  spring  buds  put  forth,  there  is  a  sweetness  in  the 
atmosphere  one  seldom  finds  elsewhere.  When  autumn  puts  on  her  robes 
of  beauty  and  silently  glides  winterward,  no  finer  hues  and  brilliant  com- 
mingling of  forest  leaves  can  be  seen  on  the  continent.  While  there  are 
many  countries  with  a  deeper,  richer  soil,  and  where  the  raising  of  crops 
can  lie  carried  on  with  less  work  and  more  profit,  there  are  few  better  coun- 
tries for  the  general  resources  that  go  toward  making  man  happy  and  con- 
tented with  what  nature  has  given  him. 

The  following  interesting  items  concerning  the  streams  of  this  county 
and  their  names  are  from  the  pen  of  Hon.  William  M.  Farrar:  The  streams 
of  Guernsey  county  come  somewhat  curiously  by  their  names,  as  Leather- 
wood,  from  a  bush  having  a  tough,  leathery  bark  used  by  the  pioneers  for 
many  useful  purposes;  Yoker.   from  the  yoker  brush  that  grows  along  its 


banks;  Wills  creek,  from  Wills  river,  Maryland;  Crooked  creek,  from  its 
winding  course;  Little  and  Big  Skull  forks,  from  the  fact  that  in  early  times 
the  Indians,  having  made  one  of  their  raids  into  the  white  settlements  east 
of  the  Ohio  river,  were  returning"  with  their  prisoners,  among  whom  were 
a  mother  and  infant  child;  being  pursued,  they  first  killed  the  infant  and 
left  the  body  to  he  devoured  by  the  wolves,  who  left  no  remains  hut  the  lit- 
tle skull;  farther  on  the  mother  was  killed,  and  in  like  manner  devoured  by 
the  wolves,  leaving  only  the  skull.  These  skulls  were  found  by  the  pursuing 
whites  on  the  hanks  of  the  streams  which  thus  received  their  respective 
names.  Another  stream  is  named  Indian  Camp,  from  one  of  their  camping 

The  settlement  of  the  county  was  curious,  in  that  settlers  from  so  many 
different  districts  met  here.  The  Virginians  and  Guernseymen  met  at  Wills 
creek;  the  Yankees,  from  Massachusetts,  and  western  Pennsylvanians,  in  the 
southwest;  Quakers,  from  North  Carolina  and  Chester  county,  Pennsylva- 
nia, in  the  southeast;  the  Irish,  in  the  northern  and  western  townships.  A 
settlement  from  Xew  Jersey  extends  into  two  townships,  while  there  are 
families,  descendants  of  the  Hessians,  in  the  southern  part  of  the  county, 
that  came  in  through  Virginia  and  Maryland  settlements.  The  youngest 
daughter  of  General  Stark,  of  the  Revolution,  died  in  this  county,  aged 
ninety-nine   years. 

The  man  who  wields  the  second  oar  in  the  painting  of  "Perry's  Vic- 
tory." in  the  rotunda  of  the  Ohio  State  House,  was  a  Guernsey  county  man 
known  as  "Fighting  Bill"  Reed.  He  was  of  Virginia  or  Pennsylvania 
stock,  who  learned  the  hlacksmith  trade  of  William  McCracken,  of  Cam- 

General  Broadhead's  trail  in  his  Coshocton  campaign  in  1781  against 
the  Indians  is  distinctly  marked  through  the  county.  There  were  no  Indian 
villages  in  this  region,  it  being  the  hunting  ground  of  parties  that  hunted 
and  fished  along  the  principal  streams. 

In  1798  "Zane's  Trace"  w^as  cut  through  the  county.  When  Zane's 
party  arrived  at  Wills  creek  crossing  they  found  the  government  surveyors 
busy  surveying  the  United  States  military  lands.  They  had  a  camp  on  its 
banks.  At  this  time  the  only  dwelling  between  Wheeling  and  Lancaster  was 
at  Zanesville.  The  Zanes  were  from  the  south  branch  of  the  Potomac,  near 
Wills  river,  Maryland,  and  hence  gave  the  name  Wills  creek  to  the  stream. 
So  far  as  known.  Ebenezer  Zane's  party  consisted  of  himself,  his  brother, 
Jonathan  Zane,  John  Mclntire,  Joseph  Worley,  Levi  Williams,  and  an 
Indian  guide  named  Tomepomehala. 


Wills  creek  is  a  sluggish  stream  with  a  clay  bottom,  and,  choked  up  as 
it  was  at  that  day  with  driftwood  and  rubbish,  was  a  difficult  crossing,  and 
the  Zanes,  in  compliance  with  the  requirements  of  the  act  to  establish  and 
maintain  ferries  at  the  principal  crossings,  probably  induced  a  man  by  the 
name  of  Graham  to  establish  one  there.  It  was  the  first  stream  west  of 
Wheeling  on  the  "Trace"  over  which  they  placed  a  ferry.  Who  this  first 
ferryman  was  or  where  from  is  not  known.  He  remained  about  two  years, 
and  was  succeeded  by  George  Beymer,  from  Somerset,  Pennsylvania,  a  broth- 
er-in-law of  John  Mclntire,  of  Zane's  party.  Mclntire  was  a  brother-in- 
law  of  Ebenezer  Zane.  Both  of  these  persons  kept  a  house  of  entertain- 
ment and  a  ferry  for  travelers  on  their  way  to  Kentucky  and  other  parts 
of  the  West.  Mr.  Beymer,  in  April,  1803.  gave  up  his  tavern  to  John  Beatty, 
who  moved  in  from  Loudoun  county,  Virginia.  Beatty's  family  consisted 
of  eleven  persons.  Among  these  was  Wyatt  Hutchinson,  who  later  kept  a 
tavern  in  the  town.  The  Indians  then  hunted  in  this  vicinity,  and  often  en- 
camped on  the  creek.  In  June,  1806,  Cambridge  was  laid  out.  and  on  the 
day  the  lots  were  first  offered  for  sale,  several  families  from  the  British 
isle  of  Guernsey,  near  the  coast  of  France,  stopped  here  and  purchased  lands. 
These  were  followed  by  other  families,  amounting  in  all  to  some  fifteen  or 
twenty,  from  the  same  island,  all  of  whom,  settling  in  the  county,  gave  origin 
to  its  present  name.  Among  the  heads  of  these  families  were  William  Ogier, 
Thomas  Naftel,  Thomas  Lanfisty,  James  Bichard,  Charles  and  John  Mar- 
quand,  John  Robbins,  Daniel  Ferbrache,  Peter,  Thomas  and  John  Sarchet 
and  Daniel  Hubert. 


(From  Col.  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet's  Writings.) 
There  is  a  significance  about  names  both  historical  and  otherwise.  We 
know  that  Millwood  township  was  first  settled  by  Quakers,  and  that  your 
beautiful  city  was  first  called  Millwood.  The  name  now,  Quaker  City,  is 
appropriate,  but  because  the  W'ebsters  built  a  mill  on  Leatherwood.  didn't 
give  it  the  name  of  Millwood.  The  reason  for  the  name  is  farther  back  in 
history.  Who  knows?  Coming  down  to  Salesville,  we  know  that  the  Brills 
and  Williams  were  first  settlers  there,  and  that  Brillsburg  and  Williamstown 
would  have  been  appropriate  names,  but  the  name  is  farther  back.  Who 
knows?  There  have  been  some  stories  written  about  the  "Leatherwood  God" 
Dylks.  We  wrote  one  of  these.  We  placed  him  as  entering  unseen  into  the 
old  loo  "Temple"  north  of  Salesville.     Another  writer  says  he  made  his  ap- 


pearance  at  a  camp  meeting  held  near  the  "Miller  meeting  house."     There 

is  no  question  but  there  was  a  Dylks,  but  where  the  "God"  appeared  ought  to 

be  definitely  located;  whether  on  the  mountain  top  or  in  the  vale,  who  knows? 

At  the  first  Pennyroyal   Reunion,  the  late   Hon.   Newell   Kennon  gave 

some  historical  reminiscences.  lie  said  that  the  contractor  who  built  the 
old  stone  church,  tor  the  Reformed  Associate  Presbyterian  church,  in  which 
Dr.  Samuel  Lindsey  ministered  so  long,  placed  a  jug'  of  whisky,  and  that 
when  tlie  church  was  torn  down,  the  workmen  found  the  jug  and  the  whisky 
in  a  high  state  of  preservation.  "They  drank  the  whisky,  hut  1  don't  know 
what  became  of  the  jug."  Now  it  would  not  do  to  say  Presbyterianism  about 
Fairview  had  for  its  cornerstone  a  jug"  of  whisk}',  but  it  was  put  there  for 
some  reason  by  the  contractor.  So  it  is  sometimes  with  history.  A  part  is 
given  and  the  other  is  lost. 

Leatherwood  creek  was  named  from  a  peculiar  bush  that  grew  along  its 
hanks  that  was  as  pliable  as  leather,  and  was  used  as  withes  by  the  early  set- 
tlers, Beaver  creek,  because  of  the  beavers  and  beayer  dams  along-  it.  Sen- 
eca creek,  from  the  oil  that  gathered  on  the  salt  water  at  the  old  Satter- 
thwaite  salt  works  (which  was  gathered  by  spreading  clothes  on  the  water 
and  then  wringing  out  the  oil,  which  was  the  same  as  the  oil  of  Seneca  Lake, 
New  York.  This  oil  was  used  for  medicinal  purposes.  In  our  boyhood  we 
took  some  dropped  on  loaf  sugar,  but  would  have  preferred  to  mix  the  dose 
ourself).  Salt  Fork  creek,  from  the  salt  lick  found  at  the  covered  bridge 
on  the  National  road,  where  the  old  Moore  salt  works  were  located.  Buf- 
falo creek,  from  the  many  evidences  of  buffalo  trails  and  stamps  found  near 
them.  A  legend  is  that  the  Indians  had  captured  a  woman  and  child,  and 
on  being  pursued,  had  first  killed  the  child,  and  later  the  mother.  The  child's 
skull  was  found  near  Little  Skull  fork  and  the  mother's  near  Big  Skull  fork. 



La  Salle,  the  famous  adventurer  and  explorer,  was  beyond  much  doubt 
the  first  white  man  to  tread  the  soil  of  what  we  now  call  Ohio.  With  a  feu- 
followers  and  led  by  Indian  guides,  he  penetrated  the  vast  country  then  held 
by  that  powerful  tribe  of  North  American  Indians  known  as  the  Iroquois  and 
went  down  the  Ohio  as  far  as  the  "Falls,"  or  where  the  city  of  Louisville 
now  stands.  There  his  band  abandoned  him  and  he  traced  his  steps  back 
north  alone.  This,  it  is  believed,  was  in  the  winter  of  1669-70 — two  hundred 
and  forty  years  ago — and  this  was  more  than  a  hundred  years  before  Mari- 
etta, Ohio,  was  settled  by  the  white  race.  This  daring  French  explorer 
doubtless  camped  at  the  mouth  of  the  Muskingum  river.  In  1682  he  reached 
the  Mississippi  river,  descended  to  its  mouth,  and  there  proclaimed  possession 
of  the  vast  valley  in  the  name  of  his  king. 

Prior  to  the  middle  of  the  eighteenth  century,  the  French  people  re- 
asserted their  ownership  of  the  Northwest  and  did  actually  take  possession 
of  what  is  now  the  northern  part  of  Ohio,  building  a  fort  and  establishing 
a  trading  station  at  Sandusky.  Celeron  de  Bienville  made  a  systematic  ex- 
ploration of  the  Ohio  valley  and  formally  declared  by  process  verbal  the 
ownership  of  the  soil.  August  16,  1749.  he  was  at  the  mouth  of  the  Mus- 
kingum river,  which  fact  was  revealed  in  1798  by  the  discovery  of  a  leaden 
plate  deposited  by  him  and  which  set  forth  the  exploration.  The  plate  was 
found  protruding  from  a  bank,  after  a  freshet,  by  some  boys,  who  cut  away 
a  portion  of  its  inscription,  not  knowing  its  great  historic  value.  The  same 
was  translated  by  William  Woodbridge,  later  governor  of  Michigan.  A 
similar  plate  was  found  in  1846,  at  the  mouth  of  the  Kanawha.  These  were 
to  reassert  the  rights  of  the  French  government  to  this  land.  While  the 
French  had  a  good  title  to  this  state,  it  was  not  long  before  it  was  wrested 
from  them  by  the  British  crown. 

The  Colonial  Ohio  Land  Company  was  organized  in  Virginia  in  1748. 
by  twelve  associates,  among  whom  were  Thomas  Lee  and  Lawrence  Augus- 
tine, brothers  of  George  Washington.  Under  this  company.  Christopher 
Gist  explored  the  Ohio  valley  as   far  as  the  Falls.     The  company  secured 


a  nival  grant  of  half  a  million  acres  in  the  valley  of  the  Ohio  river.  It  was 
intended  to  at  once  found  a  colony,  but  the  French  opposed  it,  and  the  royal 
governor  of  Virginia  sent  George  Washington,  then  a  young  man,  to  the 
commander  of  the  French  forces  to  demand  their  reason  for  invasion  of 
British  territory.  Washington  received  an  answer  that  was  both  haughty 
and  defiant.  He  returned  and  made  his  report  to  the  governor,  who  aban- 
doned the  idea  of  making  immediate  settlement,  but  at  once  set  about  as- 
serting the  English  claims  by  force  of  arms.  The  result  was  the  union  of  the 
■  colonies,  the  ultimate  involvement  of  England  in  the  war  that  ensued,  the 
defeat  of  the  French,  and  the  vesture  in  the  British  crown  of  the  right  and 
title  to  Canada  and  of  all  the  territory  east  of  the  Mississippi  and  south  to 
the  Spanish  possessions  in  the  South.  Ben  Franklin  had  tried  to  effect  a 
union  of  the  colonies,  but  was  unsuccessful.  He  had  proposed  a  plan  of 
settlement  in  1754.  and  suggested  that  two  colonies  be  located  in  the  West — 
one  upon  the  Cuyahoga  and  the  other  on  the  Scioto,  which  tract  he  declared 
had  not  its  equal  on  the  North  American  continent,  having  timber  and  coal 
almost  on  the  surface  ready  to  mine. 

But  the  English  did  little  toward  improving  their  title  or  effecting  set- 
tlement here  in  Ohio.  George  Washington  made  a  journey  down  the  Ohio 
in  1770  with  several  others  interested.  He  camped  at  Duck  creek,  as  is  shown 
by  his  diary.  Through  his  instrumentality,  the  western  scheme  was  revived. 
A  large  colony  was  formed,  which  included  the  old  Ohio  Company  and  the 
Walpole  scheme,  as  well  as  recognizing  the  bounty  act  of  Virginia  volunteers 
in  the  French  and  Indian  war.  Had  it  not  been  for  Indian  troubles  coming 
on  this  would  have  been  a  wonderful  success. 

Col.  Henry  Bouquet  had  made  the  first  English  expedition  into  the 
Ohio  country  in  1764.  for  the  purpose  of  punishing  the  Indians  and  re- 
covering from  them  the  captives  they  had  taken  during  the  previous  years 
on  the  Pennsy+vania  and  Virginia  borders.  No  blood  was  shed,  the  Indians 
assenting  to  the  terms  offered  them.  The  expedition  was  directed  against 
the  Delawares  upon  the  Tuscarawas  and  Muskingum.  Bouquet  obtained 
two  hundred  captives  at  the  hands  of  the  savages,  and  returned  to  Fort 
Pitt  (Pittsburg)  with  an  army  of  fifteen  hundred  men.  For  a  time  this 
quieted  the  Indians  of  the  Ohio  country,  and  the  next  ten  years  passed  peace- 

But  to  resume  the  history  first  spoken  of.  The  Shawnees  had  become 
very  hostile,  on  account  of  the  prospect  of  their  having  to  lose  their  lands 
and  because  of  the  murder  of  Logan,  the  famous  Mingo  chief,  who  had 
been   dwelling  with   them   at   old   Chillicothe.   To  quell   the   disturbance   thus 


arising.  Lord  Dunmore,  royal  governor  of  Virginia,  organized  an  army  of 
invasion  into  the  Indian  country.  He  had  command  of  one  wing  and  en- 
trusted the  other  wing  to  Gen.  Andrew  Lewis. 

The  forces  of  Lewis  were  attacked  by  the  Indians,  south  of  the  Ohio 
river,  and  the  ensuing  combat,  known  as  the  battle  of  Point  Pleasant,  was 
one  of  the  bloodiest  in  Indian  border  \varfare  up  to  that  date.  Dunmore 
did  not  get  into  a  real  engagement  with  his  wing  of  the  army.  A  treaty  was 
held  at  Camp  Charlotte,  in  which  all  agreed  but  old  Logan,  the  Mingo 
chieftain,  who  there  made  the  speech  which  all  school  boys  used  to  delight 
in  reading  and  "speaking,"  being  the  most  eloquent  one  ever  coming  from 
the  lips  of  an  Indian,  and  equal,  so  Thomas  Jefferson  said,  to  any  made  by 
classic  scholars  the  world  round. 

The  Revolution  came  on.  and  the  West  was  no  longer  the  scene  of 
military  action.  But  a  soldier  who  served  under  Dunmore, — George  Rogers 
Clark, — of  whom  the  late  lamented  James  A.  Garfield  remarked,  "The 
cession  of  that  great  territory,  under  the  treaty  of  1783,  was  due  mainly  to 
his  foresight  and  courage,  and  who  has  never  received  the  adequate  recogni- 
tion due  him  for  so  great  a  service" — at  the  close  of  the  Revolution  was  instru- 
mental in  making  the  Northwest  territory  a  portion  of  the  United  States, 
instead  of  leaving  it  to  be  possessed  by  the  English,  in  the  terms  of  peace 
that  were  made.  Had  it  not  been  for  this,  the  Colonies  would  have  been 
owners  only  of  the  country  east  of  the  Alleghanies.  unless  the  West  should 
be  later  conquered  by  them  from  the  British.  He  sought  out  Governor 
Patrick  Henry,  then  governor  of  Virginia,  who  allowed  him  (Clark)  to 
raise  seven  companies  of  soldiers  and  to  seize  the  British  posts  in  the  North- 
west and  this  brought  the  territory  rightfully  into  the  territory  agreed  upon 
when  the  treaty  was  finally  effected  between  the  Colonists  and  England.  He 
also  made  two  other  expeditions — both  against  Indians  upon  the  Miamis — in 
1780  and  1782. 

Thus  Ohio — a  part  of  the. Northwest  territory — became  a  part  of  the 
United  States  and  not  held  as  a  province  of  Great  Britain. 


In  August.  1831,  the  first  treaty  for  the  removal  of  the  Indians  from 
Ohio  was  made,  and  in  September.  1832,  the  first  removals  were  made  by 
David  Robb  and  H.  A.  Workman.  The  tribes  removed  were  Shawnees  and 
Senecas.  David  Robb  had  been  a  former  prominent  citizen  and  official  of 
Guernsey  county,  was  sheriff  and  senator  and  representative  in  the  Legisla- 


hire  and  publisher  and  editor  of  The  Washington  Republican,  the  first  Demo- 
cratic paper  of  Guernsey  county,  published  at  Washington.  He  was  appointed 
Indian  agent  by   President  Jackson. 

David  Robb  published  a  very  interesting  history  of  his  connection  with 
the  Indians  as  agent  in  The  Belle  Fountain  Republican,  and  of  his  several 
overland  journeys  with  them  to  their  new  "hunting  grounds"  west  of  the 
Mississippi  river. 

The  last  Indian  tribe  to  be  removed  from  Ohio  was  the  Wyandottes. 
Rev.  James  B.  Finley,  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  was  a  missionary 
among  the  Wyandottes,  and  gives  in  his  autobiography  many  interesting 
incidents  of  his  connection  with  this  tribe. 

The  Indians  who  lived  in  and  fished  in  what  are  now  the  bounds  of 
Guernsey  county  were  the  Delawares,  Shawnees,  Senecas  and  Mingos. 
These  tribes  had  towns  at  the  forks  of  the  Muskingum.  It  is  mistaken  his- 
tory when  it  is  said  that  there  were  no  Indian  towns  in  Guernsey  county. 
There  were  at  least  five,  Old  Town,  above  Byesville,  one  at  the  Fish  Basket, 
north  of  Cambridge,  one  on  Salt  Fork  creek,  one  on  Indian  Camp  run,  and 
one  on  Bird's  run.  Many  of  the  tribes  referred  to  resorted  to  Guernsey 
waters  because  of  the  fish  they  contained  and  of  the  riffles  where  they  could 
securely  set  their  "fish  baskets." 

All  of  the  Indians  did  not  take  kindly  to  the  wish  of  General  Jackson, 
the  then  "Great  Father."  that  they  give  up  their  hunting  grounds  in  Ohio 
in  exchange  for  hunting  grounds  west  of  the  Mississippi  river,  and  roving 
hands  of  the  peaceful  but  dissatisfied  red  men  moved  about  through  the 
state.  In  September,  1834,  one  of  these  bands  visited  Cambridge.  The 
Guernsey  Times,  then  published  by  Hersh  and  McPherson,  gives  us  a  local 
note,  "that  a  band  of  Indians  are  in  camp  near  this  town."  It  is  left  for  an 
eye-witness,  although  then  young,  to  complete  that  local  of  1834. 

The  Indian  camp  was  located  south  of  Gaston  avenue,  on  the  site  now 
known  as  "Silver  Cliff."  At  that  time  the  ridge  was  covered  with  oak  and 
beech  trees.  The  water  for  the  use  of  the  camp  was  gotten  from  a  spring 
in  the  old  Asher-Williams  lot.  There  were  perhaps  a  hundred  men.  women 
and  children.  They  remained  in  camp  there  for  ten  days  or  more.  They 
wore,  when  they  wore  anything  (for  it  was  warm  and  pleasant  weather), 
the  usual  Indian  dress  of  blankets  and  breech-clouts.  The  men  were  peaceful 
and  quiet,  except  when  they  had  been  presented  too  freely  with  "whisk." 

They  had  no  arms  except  bows  and  arrows  and  tomahawks.  The 
women  had  Indians'  trinkets,  which  they  peddled  about  the  town.  The 
men  put   in   the  daytime   mostly   shooting  with   their  bows   and   arrows   at 



"fips  and  levies,"  set  up  in  split  sticks  driven  in  the  ground.  Their  prin- 
cipal shooting  place  was  in  the  street  west  of  the  Hutchison  tavern.  The 
distance  was  sixty  feet.  The  "fips  and  levies"  stuck  in  the  splits  were  the 
prizes  to  the  shooters  who  hit  the  mark.  The  squaws,  with  their  pappooses 
tied  to  boards  and  hung  on  their  backs,  or  set  up  against  the  houses,  stood 
around  and  enjoyed  the  sport  and  cheered  the  lucky  Indian  who  took  the 

Those  who  took  the  most  interest  in  the  shooting  contests  and  mingled 
most  with  them  were  Edward  Rogers  and  G.  W.  Mulholland.  Rogers  was 
a  silversmith,  having  a  shop  in  the  east  room  of  the  Ogier  house.  Mulhol- 
land was  a  tailor,  and  had  a  shop  in  the  Seneca  Needham  house,  located  on 
the  now  Ofme  Hardware  Company  corner.  They  were  strong  Jacksonians, 
and  would  try  to  make  the  Indian  chiefs  understand  that  the  "Great  Father," 
at  Washington  City,  would  deal  justly  with  the  Indians.  But  these  Indians 
were  on  a  strike  against  the  "Great  Father,"  and  they  only  "ughed"  at  the 
praise  given  by  these  Democratic  followers  of  the  "Great  Father."  These 
Indians  were  a  mixture  of  tribes,  Delawares,  Shawnees.  Wyandottes  and 
Senecas.  They  came  to  Cambridge  from  the  south,  crossing  Wills  creek 
below  the  old  Gomber-Moore  mill.  They  had  a  few  old  wagons  and  carts. 
The  tent  poles  and  many  of  the  trappings  were  tied  around  the  necks  of  the 
ponies  and  horses  and  dragged  upon  the  ground.  The  squaws  had  charge 
of  the  train,  and,  according  to  Indian  custom,  did  most  of  the  work,  while 
the  big,  lazy  "bucks"  rode  horses  and  the  children  who  were  big  enough 
to  ride  rode  the  ponies.  The  older  men  and  women  and  the  small  children 
rode  in  the  wagons  and  carts.  Some  of  the  women  rode  on  ponies,  two  to 
each,  and  some  rode  sidewise  and  some  astride.  It  may  have  been  that 
these  rovers  were  visiting  their  old  hunting  and  fishing  grounds  on  Wills 

When  they  broke  camp,  they  moved  towards  the  north.  To  the  writer 
then,  and  in  a  backward  view  now,  it  was  a  better  "wild  west"  parade  than 
"Buffalo  Bill"  ever  made  at  Cambridge.  It  was  a  parade  of  the  pure,  una- 
dulterated "Ingen,"  without  spangles,  feathers  or  paint.  With  the  tribe  were 
two  white  women,  who  bad  been  captured  in  infancy,  who  had  lost  all  trace 
(if  their  white  ancestry,  and  were  the  apparently  happy  wives  of  two  big, 
lazy  "bucks." 

There  were  in  1S05  five  Indian  families  residing  in  this  vicinity.  Two 
brothers,  named  Jim  and  Bill  Lyons,  who  had  their  huts  up  the  bottom 
where  William  Tedrick's  house  now  stands;  Joseph  Sky,  who  lived  at  the 
mouth  of  Brushy  fork,  near  where  Lynn's  mill  now  is;  one  Doughty,  who 



bail  a  luii  between  Mrs.  Culbertson's  and  Newman  Lake's,  who  had  two 
squaws;  and  one  named  Hunter,  who  didn't  have  any  squaw. 

Doughty's  extra  squaw  was  an  incumbrance,  however,  being  one  of 
Simon  Girty's,  which  he  and  the  Lyons  brothers  were  under  obligations  to 
support  for  some  service  Girty  had  rendered  their  fathers.  She  was  ex- 
ceedingly ill-favored  and  very  intemperate. 

These  Indians  hunted  in  that  neighborhood  during  the  summer,  and 
when  winter  came  would  pack  up  and  move  off  to  Big  Stillwater,  where  they 
had  a  sort  of  Indian  town.  They  were,  however,  very  friendly  and  not 

Jim  Lyons  had  a  white  wife,  a  girl  that  his  father  had  taken  prisoner 
when  a  child:  having  adopted  and  raised  her,  his  son  married  her.  In  her 
dress,  appearance  and  manner  she  was  as  much  an  Indian  as  any  of  them. 
and  could  not  have  been  distinguished  had  it  not  been  for  her  hair,  which 
was  fairer  than  that  of  the  Indians  and  inclined  to  be  wavy.  She  was  very 
reserved  in  her  manner  towards  the  whites;  seemed  to  avoid  their  societv. 
and  was  never  known  to  speak  to  a  white  person,  or  in  their  presence.  In 
one  respect  the  Lyons  brothers  were  an  exception  among  Indians — they 
didn't  like  whisky;  and  as  Girty's  old  squaw  wouldn't  do  without  it,  she 
lived  most  of  her  time  at  Doughty's  hut.  and  would  get  drunk,  whenever 
she  could  get  liquor  enough,  and  swear  and  tear  around,  and  quarrel,  and 
"take  on"  equal  to  any  of  the  "white  trash." 

ANECDOTE   OF    COL.    JOHN    m'dOXALI). 
(From  "Howe's  History  of  Ohio.)      i 

In  the  year  1791  or  '92,  the  Indians  having  made  frequent  incursions 
into  the  settlenTents  along  the  Ohio  river,  between  Wheeling  and  Mingo  bot- 
tom, sometimes  killing  or  capturing  whole  families,  at  other  times  steal- 
ing all  the  horses  belonging  to  a  station  or  fort,  a  company  consisting  of 
seven  men  rendezvoused  at  a  place  called  the  Beech  bottom,  on  the  Ohio 
river,  a  few  miles  below  where  Wellsburg  has  been  erected.  This  company 
were  John  Whetzel,  'William  McCollough.  John  Hough.  Thomas  Biggs. 
Joseph  Hedges.  Kinzie  Dickerson  and  a  Mr.  Linn.  Their  avowed  object  was 
to  go  to  the  Indian  towns  to  steal  horses.  This  was  then  considered  a  legal, 
honorable  business,  as  we  were  then  at  open  war  with  the  Indians.  It  would 
only  be   retaliating   upon   them   in   their  own    way. 

These  seven  men  were  all  trained   to    Indian   warfare  and  a   life   in   the 


woods  from  their  youth.  Perhaps  the  western  frontier  at  no  time  could 
furnish  seven  men  whose  souls  were  hetter  fitted,  and  whose  nerves  and 
sinews  were  better  strung  to  perform  any  enterprise  which  required  reso- 
lution  and  firmness. 

They  crossed  the  Ohio,  and  proceeded,  with  cautious  steps  and  vigilant 
glances,  on  their  way  through  the  cheerless,  dark  and  almost  impervious  for- 
est, in  the  Indian  country,  till  they  came  to  an  Indian  town,  near  where  the 
headwaters  of  the  Sandusky  and  Muskingum  rivers  interlock.  Here  they 
made  a  fine  haul,  and  set  off  homeward  with  fifteen  horses.  They  traveled 
rapidly,  only  making  short  halts  to  let  their  horses  graze  and  breathe  a  short 
time  to  recruit  their  energy  and  activity.  In  the  evening  of  the  second  day 
of  their  rapid  retreat  they  arrived  at  Wills  creek,  not  far  from  where  the 
town   of  Cambridge   has   since   been   erected. 

Here  Mr.  Linn  was  taken  violently  sick,  and  they  must  stop  their  march 
or  leave  him  alone  to  perish  in  the  dark  and  lonely  woods.  Our  frontiers- 
men, notwithstanding  their  rough  and  unpolished  manners,  had  too  much 
of  my  Uncle  Toby's  "sympathy  for  suffering  humanity,"  to  forsake  a  com- 
rade in  distress.  They  halted,  and  placed  sentinels  on  their  back  trail,  who 
remained  there  until  late  in  the  night,  without  seeing  any  signs  of  being 
pursued.  The  sentinels  on  the  back  trail  returned  to  the  camp,  Mr.  Linn 
still  lying  in  excruciating  pain.  All  the  simple  remedies  in  their  power  were 
administered  to  the  sick  man,  without  producing  any  effect. 

Being  late  in  the  night,  they  all  lay  down  to  rest,  except  one  who  was 
placed  as  guard.  Their  camp  was  on  the  bank  of  a  small  branch.  Just  be- 
fore daybreak  the  guard  took  a  small  bucket  and  dipped  some  water  out  of 
the  stream :  on  carrying  it  to  the  fire  he  discovered  the  water  to  be  muddy. 
The  muddy  water  waked  his  suspicion  that  the  enemy  might  be  approaching 
them,  and  were  walking  down  in  the  stream,  as  their  footsteps  would  be  noise- 
less in  the  water.  He  waked  his  companions  and  communicated  his  suspicion. 
They  arose,  examined  the  branch  a  little  distance,  and  listened  attentively  for 
some  time ;  but  neither  saw  nor  heard  anything,  and  then  concluded  it  must 
have  been  raccoons,  or  some  other  animals,  puddling  in  the  stream. 

After  this  conclusion,  the  company  all  lay  down  to  rest,  except  the  sen- 
tinel, who  was  stationed  just  outside  of  the  light.  Happily  for  them  the  fire 
was  burned  down,  and  only  a  few  coals  afforded  a  dim  light  to  point  out 
where  they  lay. 

The  enemy  had  come  silently  down  the  creek,  as  the  sentinel  suspected, 
to  within  ten  or  twelve  feet  of  the  place  where  they  lay,  and  fired  several  guns 
over  the  bank. 


Mr.  Linn,  the  sick  man,  was  lying;  with  his  side  towards  the  bank,  and 
received  nearly  all  the  balls  which  were  at  first  fired.  The  Indians  then,  with 
tremendous  yells,  mounted  the  bank  with  loaded  rifles,  war-clubs  and  toma- 
hawks, rushed  upon  our  men,  who  fled  barefooted  and  without  arms.  Mr. 
Linn,  Thomas  Biggs  and  Joseph  Hedges  were  killed  in  and  near  the  camp. 
William  McCullough  had  run  but  a  short  distance  when  he  was  fired  at  by  the 
enemy.  At  the  instant  the  fire  was  given,  he  jumped  into  a  quagmire  and 
fell;  the  Indians,  supposing  that  they  killed  him,  ran  past  in  pursuit  of  others. 
He  soon  extricated  himself  out  of  the  mire,  and  so  made  his  escape.  He  fell 
in  with  John  Hough,  and  came  into  Wheeling. 

John  Whetzel  and  Kinzie  Dickerson  met  in  their  retreat,  and  returned 
together.  Those  who  made  their  escape  were  without  arms,  without  cloth- 
ing or  provisions.  Their  sufferings  were  great,  but  this  they  bore  with  stoical 
indifference,  as  it  was  the  fortune  of  war. 

Whether  the  Indians  who  defeated  our  heroes  followed  in  pursuit  from 
their  towns,  or  were  a  party  of  warriors  who  accidentally  happened  to  fall  in 
with  them,  has  never  been  ascertained.  From  the  place  they  had  stolen  the 
horses  they  had  traveled  two  nights  and  almost  two  entire  days,  without  halt- 
ing, except  just  a  few  minutes  at  a  time,  to  let  the  horses  graze.  From  the 
circumstances  of  their  rapid  retreat  with  the  horses  it  was  supposed  that  no 
pursuit  could  possibly  have  overtaken  them,  but  fate  had  decreed  that  this 
party  of  Indians  should  meet  and  defeat  them. 

As  soon  as  the  stragglers  arrived  at  Wheeling,  Capt.  John  McCullough 
collected  a  party  of  men,  and  went  to  Wills  creek  and  buried  the  unfortunate 
men  who  fell  in  and  near  the  camp.  The  Indians  had  mangled .  the  dead 
bodies  at  a  most  barbarous  rate.     Thus  was  closed  the  horse-stealing  tragedy. 

Of  the  four  who  survived  this  tragedy  none  are  now  living  to  tell  the 
storv  of  their  suffering.  They  continued  to  hunt  and  to  fight  as  long  as  the 
war  lasted.  John  Whetzel  and  Dickerson  died  in  the  county  near  Wheeling. 
John  Hough  died  a  few  years  since,  near  Columbia,  Hamilton  county,  Ohio. 
The  brave  Capt.  William  McCullough  fell  in  1812,  in  the  battle  of  Browns- 
town,  in  the  campaign  with  General  Hull. 



From  the  beginning  Guernsey  county  territory  had  belonged  to  Wash- 
ington county  up  to  1788,  when  it  was  included  in  what  was  organized  as 
Muskingum  county,  in  1804.  Prior  to  the  adoption  of  the  state  constitution 
in  1 85 1,  there  was  much  agitation  about  a  new  county,  to  be  formed  out  of 
parts  of  Guernsey,  Tuscarawas  and  Coshocton,  with  New  Comerstown  as  the 
county  seat.  But  when  the  new  constitution  was  adopted  the  issue  was  for- 
ever removed  from  the  minds  of  the  projectors  of  that  scheme. 

A  word  concerning  the  term  "Military  Land  District"  may  not  be  out  of 
place  in  this  connection.  The  origin  of  this  term  is  from  the  fact  that  in 
1798  Congress  appropriated  certain  lands  to  satisfy  claims  of  the  officers  and 
soldiers  of  the  Revolutionary  war.  These  lands  were  surveyed  into  town- 
ships five  miles  square,  and  these  again  into  quarter-townships,  containing 
four  thousand  acres,  and  some  later  into  forty  lots  of  one  hundred  acres  each, 
for  the  accommodation  of  soldiers  and  others  holding  warrants  for  that  num- 
ber of  acres.  What  land  was  not  required  for  the  satisfaction  of  military 
warrants  was  subsequently  sold  by  act  of  Congress,  and  the  designation  of 
"Congress  Land"  given  to  it.  In  1903  Congress  granted  to  the  state  one- 
sixth  of  all  the  lands  in  the  United  States  Military  District  for  the  use  of 
schools  in  the  same.  As  the  population  of  the  townships  warranted,  they 
were  named,  having  previously  been  designated  by  numbers.  In  1812  the 
legislature  provided  for  a  road  from  Cambridge  to  Coshocton.  The  Marietta 
and  Cleveland  road  was  completed  at  a  later  date. 

The  land  district  of  which  Guernsey  count)-  is  a  part  was  surveyed  west 
of  the  seventh  range,  into  townships  of  five  miles  square,  and  a  quarter  town- 
ship of  two  and  a  half  miles  square,  between  1798  and  1804.  Zaccheus  Biggs, 
as  deputy  surveyor,  made  a  part  of  the  survey,  and  George  Metcalf.  then  a 
young  man.  formed  one  of  the  surveying  party.  He  was  charmed  with  the 
locality  and  enthused  many  at  his  home  with  the  idea  of  effecting  set- 
tlement here,  and  he  really  prevailed  upon  Jacob  Gomber,  his  father-in-law, 
and  Zaccheus  A.  Beatty,  brother-in-law  of  Gomber,  to  purchase  a  quarter  of 
a  township  (four  thousand  acres),  upon  which  the  city  of  Cambridge  is  now 


The  survey  of  the  land  district  was  completed  in  1804  and  the  land  sub- 
ject to  entry,  from  the  land  office  at  Zanesville,  at  two  dollars  per  acre.  Set- 
tlements were  soon  made  in  different  parts  of  the  county,  as  will  be  seen  in 
the  chapter  on  "Early  Settlement,"  following  this  chapter. 

By  order  of  the  Ohio  State  Legislature  in  1809,  a  new  county  from  por- 
tions of  Belmont  and  Muskingum  counties  was  formed  and  by  its  provisions 
it  was  called  Guernsey  in  honor  of  the  first  emigrants  from  the  isle  of  Guern- 
sey. Prior  to  that  time — March  10,  1810,  the  actual  dating  of  the  bill — all 
territory  which  is  now  included  in  this  county  west  of  the  eastern  boundary 
of  what  is  now  Wills  township,  Madison  township  and  Washington  township, 
was  a  part  of  Muskingum  county.  East  of  the  present  townships  of  London- 
derry, Oxford  and  Millwood  formed  a  part  of  Belmont  county.  April  23d, 
following,  there  was  field  a  meeting  at  the  house  of  George  Beymer,  at  Cam- 
bridge, and  there  and  then  the  first  county  commissioners  were  sworn  into 
office  for  Guernsey  county.  They  were  James  Dillon,  William  Dement  and 
Absalom  Martin.  Elijah  Beall  was  appointed  clerk  and  John  Beatty,  treas- 
urer. Elijah  Dyson  was  appointed  lister  of  the  residents  of  the  newly  made 
county,  as  being  subject  to  taxation.  Thomas  Knowles  was  the  first  sheriff, 
George  Metcalf,  first  surveyor,  Peter  Wirick,  first  auctioneer,  and  Joseph 
Smith,  first  coroner. 

It  was  ordered  that  the  new  county  be  divided  off  into  five  civil  town- 
ships to  be  called  Oxford,  Seneca,  Wills,  Cambridge  and  Westland.  Much 
difficulty  was  experienced  by  reason  of  there  being  no  map  of  the  territory 
within  the  county  just  formed. 

Tavern  licenses  were  fixed  at  from  four  to  ten  dollars. 

At  the  meeting  of  June  10,  1S10,  a  township,  to  be  known  as  Buffalo, 
was  ordered  to  be  set  off,  and  a  meeting  held  at  Jacob  Jordon's  on  June  23d, 
that  year,  when  township  officers  were  duly  elected. 

Wheatland  township  was  organized  June  9,  1810.  The  same  date  An- 
drew Marshalf  was  awarded  the  contract  to  construct  a  county  gaol  or  jail. 

On  July  28,  1810,  a  meeting  was  called  to  elect  officers  for  a  township 
to  be  called  Richland  and  was  held  at  the  house  of  Samuel  Leath;  also  one 
the  same  day  for  election  of  officers  for  Madison  township  at  the  house  of 
Absalom  Martin. 

On  September  15,  1810,  Wheeling  township  was  organized  and  two 
justices  of  the  peace  and  other  officers  elected  at  a  meeting  at  the  home  of 
William  Gibson. 

On  September  4th  of  that  year,  there  bad  been  held  a  meeting  of  the 
board,  at  which  the  bounty  for  every  wolf-scalp  of  wolves  over  six  months 


that  had  been  killed  within  the  county,  was  fixed  at  two  and  one-half  dollars 
and  one  dollar  for  those  under  six  months. 

On  December  25.  1810,  Robert  Johnston  became  clerk.  The  Steuben- 
ville  road  was  completed  from  Cadiz  to  Cambridge  in  181 1  and  in  June  that 
year  Lloyd  Talbott  was  awarded  the  contract  to  build,  or  rather  superintend, 
the  construction  of  a  county  court  house,  while  Z.  A.  Beatty  and  Jacob  Gom- 
ber  were  chosen  as  contractors  to  construct  the  same.  The  jail  was  com- 
pleted September  3,  181 1. 

In  March,  1815,  Valley  township  was  incorporated,  at  a  meeting  held  at 
the  house  of  William  Thompson. 

On  June  3,  1816,  it  was  ordered  that  a  new  township  be  made  and 
named  Jefferson ;  this  was  taken  from  the  west  of  Madison  township.  It 
was  also,  at  that  date,  ordered  that  Londonderry  township  be  formed  from 
parts  of  Madison  and  Oxford;  that  Beaver  township  should  be  formed  from 
parts  of  Seneca  and  Oxford  townships ;  also  that  Olive  township  should  be 
set  off  from  Buffalo  township. 

Monroe  township  was  incorporated  from  the  north  end  of  Jefferson 
township,  and  township  officials  were  elected  at  the  house  of  Lawrence  Tet- 
rick  in  April,   1818. 

Knox  township  was  formed  from  the  northern  end  of  Westland  and  the 
west  end  of  Wheeling  township. 

On  April  8,  18 19,  it  was  ordered  that  the  south  row  of  sections  in  Wheel- 
ing township  be  added  to  Cambridge  township. 

Spencer  township  was  set  off  from  the  west  end  of  Buffalo  township  in 
March,  1819. 

Liberty  township  was  created  in  1820;  Centre  township  in  1822  and 
Washington  in  1823. 

In  June,  1824,  Jackson  township  was  organized,  and  in  1827  Adams 
was  taken  off  of  Knox  and  Westland  townships  and  named  in  honor  of  John 
Ouincy  Adams,  then  President  of  the  United  States. 

In  1 85 1.  Buffalo,  Beaver,  Olive  and  Seneca  townships  Avere  detached 
from  Guernsey  county,  and  since  then  have  been  included  in  Noble  county. 

.  As  soon  as  the  townships  were  organized  the  county-seat  question  was 
agitated.  Both  Washington  and  Cambridge  wanted  the  seat  of  justice. 
Messrs.  Beatty  and  Gomber  made  a  proposition  to  donate  the  public  grounds 
and  furnish  a  suitable  set  of  public  buildings  ready  to  roof  if  the  county  seat 
should  be  located  at  Cambridge,  and  their  offer  was  accepted.  Several  at- 
tempts have  been  made  since  the  location  of  the  county  seat,  to  remove  it  to 
Washington,  but  of  late  years  this  talk  has  all  ceased  and  with  the  present 


city  of  Cambridge  and  the  court  house  and  jail  so  substantial,  the  question 
will  probably  never  be  before  the  people  again. 

After  the  above  preliminary  steps  had  been  taken,  it  remained  for  the 
board  of  county  commissioners  to  provide  highways,  bridges,  and  suitable 
buildings  for  the  county,  as  its  settlement  increased.  The  chapter  on  "County, 
State  and  National  Representation — Political"  will  inform  the  reader  as  to 
who  the  men  were  at  the  helm  during  all  of  the  formative  period  of  the 
county's  development,  and  other  chapters  will  show  how  well  they  laid  the 
foundations.  The  government  of  this  county  is  treated  in  the  next  chapter 
and  there  will  be  seen  much  of  the  county's  building,  its  taxes  and  expend- 
itures to  the  present  time.  As  the  platting  of  towns  and  villages  comes  with 
the  settlement  of  every  new  county  organized,  its  surveyors  and  recorders  have 
to  execute  these  records,  this  topic  naturally  comes  under  the  bead  of  organ- 
ization and  will  here  follow  the  list  of  such  town  plattings : 


During  the  years  of  the  county's  history  there  have  been  many  village, 
or  town  plats,  executed  in  the  various  townships.  Some  are  still  in  existence, 
but  many  have  long  since  become  defunct.  The  following  is  a  complete  list 
of  all  that  have  ever  been  platted,  with  date,  location  and  name  of  the  pro- 
prietors (township  name  at  date  of  platting)  : 

Wheeling  was  platted  by  David  Dull  on  the  southwest  quarter  of  the 
southeast  quarter  of  section  14,  township  4,  range  3,  in  Wheeling  township. 
It  was  surveyed  April  24,  1874. 

New  Birmingham  was  platted  in  1826,  by  William  Carson,  and  was  re- 
platted  for  assessment  purposes  June  14,  i860;  it  was  located  on  section  11, 
township  4,  range  2. 

Guernsey,  in  Cambridge  township,  in  section  4,  township  2,  range  3,  of 
the  United-  States  military  lands,  was  laid  out  by  John  Fordyce,  J.  W.  Robins 
and  Madison  D.  Robins,  November  7,  1872. 

New  Gottengen,  by  Charles  Heidelbach,  on  the  "Clay  Pike,"  in  Richland 
township,  May  13,  1836. 

Winchester,  on  section  14,  township  3,  range  1,  August  18,  1836.  Its 
proprietor  was  Isaac  Bonnell. 

Elizabethtown,  on  the  National  turnpike,  by  Jacob  Weller,  in  Wills  town- 
ship, March  7,  1832. 

Londonderry,  by  Robert  Wilkins,  August  19,  1815,  in  Londonderry 


Salesville  was  incorporated  August  20,  1878.  The  original  plat  was 
surveyed  in  1835,  with  George  Brill  as  its  proprietor. 

Antrim,  by  Alexander  Alexander,  March  1,  1830,  on  lot  12,  in  the  first 
quarter  of  township  3.  range  1,  of  the  United  States  military  school  lands. 

Liberty,  by  William  and  John  Gibson,  on  a  part  of  the  southeast  quarter 
.if  section  23.  township  4,  range  3,  August  2,  1828. 

Fairview,  on  the  southeast  quarter  of  section  2,  township  10,  range  7, 
by  Hugh  Gillaland,  March  24,  1814. 

Middleton,  on  the  National  pike,  on  the  north  half  of  section  31,  town- 
ship to.  range  7,  September  1,  1827,  by  Benjamin  Masters. 

Hartford,  September  26,  1836,  by  David  Johnston  and  John  Secrest,  on 
the  southeast  quarter  of  section  4,  township  8,  range  9,  in  "Buffalo"  town- 

Senecaville,  on  the  banks  of  Seneca  creek,  in  Richland  township,  by 
David  Satterthwaite,  July  18,  181 5. 

Bridgewater,  March  24,  1834,  by  William  Orr,  on  the  northwest  quarter 
of  section  25,  township  2,  range  7. 

Portugal,  November  14,  1833,  by  Levi  Engle  on  the  northwest  quarter 
of  section  3.  township  — ,  range  1. 

Olivetown,  on  the  southeast  quarter  of  section  5,  township  6,  range  9, 
by  John  Wiley  and  Isaac  Hill,  September  27,  1815. 

Craigsborough,  on  the  west  bank  of  Duck  creek  in  the  northeast  quarter 
of  section  4.  township  6,  range  9,  by  William  Craig,  February  26,  1818. 

Zealand,  on  the  northwest  quarter  of  section  2J.  township  9,  range  10, 
by  Benjamin  Bay,  June  21.  1820. 

Williamsburg,  in  "Beaver  township."  on  the  southwest  quarter  of  the 
south  half  lot  3,  section  16,  by  William  Finley,  November  21,  1828. 

Union,  by  Elijah  Lowery  and  John  Laughlin,  May  4,  1812,  on  the  south- 
east quarter  of  section  9,  township  1,  range  2.  A  part  of  this  was  donated 
to  the  county  for  court  house  purposes,  should  the  seat  of  justice  be  located 
at  that  point. 

Paris  was  platted  on  the  southeast  and  southwest  quarters  of  section 
22,  township  1,  range  4,  by  William  Hunter,  December  24,  1S27. 

Point  Pleasant,  at  the  junction  of  the  Beaver  and  Seneca  forks  of  Wills 
creek,  on  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  13.  township  — .  range  8,  by  Benja- 
min Wilson.  July  24.  1829. 

Newburn,  on  section  22.  "Beaver  township,"  by  Thomas  Walsh,  No- 
vember 27.  182S. 


New  Liberty,  on  the  southwest  quarter  of  section  20,  township  I,  range 
3,  by  Richard  Dickinson,  October  17,  181 5. 

Lexington,  platted  on  the  southeast  quarter  of  section  24,  and  the  north- 
east quarter  of  section  25,  township  7,  range  8,  by  Jacob  Young  and  Jacob 
Myers,  August  12,  1816. 

Millwood,  by  Jonah  Smith,  on  section  20,  township  9,  range  7,  in  "Beaver 
township,"  February  18,  1835.     It  is  now  Quaker  City. 

West  Barnesville,  by  Ford  Barnes,  December  23,  1825. 

Martinsburg,  by  John  Bickham  and  James  Welsh,  May  17,  1816,  in 
Madison  township. 

Kimbolton  (same  as  old  Liberty),  in  Liberty  township,  incorporated 
November  5,  1884. 

Byesville,  by  a  number  of  persons.  It  is  located  in  Jackson  township 
and  was  platted  November  26,  1881  (as  an  incorporation),  but  the  original 
platting  had  been  executed  on  section  6,  township  1,  range  2,  July  1,  1856. 

Quaker  City,  on  section  20,  of  Millwood  township,  was  platted  as  Mill- 
wood by  Jonah  Smith  in  1835. 

Spencer  Station  is  on  sections  7  and  13,  of  Millwood  township. 

Mount  Ephraim,  in  "Seneca  township,"  platted  June  29,  1838,  by  Eph- 
raim  Vorhees,  on  section  33,  township  8,  range  8. 

Kennonburg,  in  township  8,  range  8,  and  in  the  east  half  of  section  num- 
ber 2.  was  platted  by  Daniel  Rich  and  Arthur  Vandyke,  December  2,  1839. 

West  Boston,  by  Charles  Phillis,  December  3,  1836,  on  section  23,  town- 
ship 1,  range  4. 

Putneyville,  on  the  southeast  of  the  northwest  quarter  of  section  10, 
township  9,  range  7,  was  platted  by  George  W.  Henderson,  April  30,  1846. 

Bailey's  Mills,  platted  May  14,  1855.  on  section  1,  township  9,  range  7, 
by  Jesse  W.  Bailey. 

Bridgeville,  by  Washington  Shoff,  February  5,  1848. 

Cambridge  (City),  original  platting,  by  Jacob  Gomber  and  Zaccheus  A. 
Beatty.  on  June  2,  1806. 

Washington,  by  George  and  Henry  Beymer,  September  28,  1805,  at  a 
time  when  this  county  was  still  a  part  of  Muskingum  county. 

New  Salem,  by  William  Hosack,  April  21.  1845,  on  tne  Grade  Road 
leading  from  Cambridge  to  the  Ohio  Canal. 

Mantua,  August  6,  1853,  by  Thomas  P.  Wilson  and  William  P.  Rose, 
on  the  northwest  quarter  of  section  3,  township  2.  range  4. 

Centreville,  on  the  southwest  quarter  of  section  5,  township  2,  range  2, 
by  David  Kinkead,  August  31,  1842. 


Easton.  in  Washington  township,  by  Alexander  Frew,  November  21, 

Florence,  by  Samuel  Arbuthnot,  September  12,  1842.  on  the  Steuben- 
ville,  Cadiz  and  Cambridge  macadamized  road. 

Derwent,  in  Valley  township,  on  a  part  of  section  4,  township  8,  range 
9,  by  Eliza  Dickerson,  August  10.  1898. 

Rigby,  on  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  4,  township  1.  range  2,  in 
Centre  township,  by  Henry  Moss,  December  20,  1898. 

Kingston,  in  Centre  township,  on  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  3, 
township  1,  range  2,  by  John  H.  Robins. 

Lore  City,  June  '8,  1903,  in  Centre  township,  on  the  Leatherwood  creek. 

Opperman,  in  Valley  township,  on  the  northeast  quarter  of  the  southeast 
quarter  of  section  14,  township  9,  range  10,  by  Thomas  Moore  and  wife,  Aug- 
ust 28.  1903. 

Fletcher.  November  5,  1908,  by  J.  B.  Hamilton,  A.  E.  Fletcher  and  B. 
V.  Witten,  on  the  west  half  of  section  11.  township  8.  range  9. 

Blacktop,  on  section  8,  township  1,  range  2,  July  2,  1900,  by  M.  L.  Spaid. 

Midway,  on  lot  35,  township  1,  range  3,  in  Jackson  township,  by  Mike 
Stifka,  October  31,  1904. 

Greenwood,  by  Thomas  Taylor,  June  12.  1848. 

Cumberland,  by  James  Bay,  on  the  northeast  of  section  32,  township  9, 
range  10.  April  24,  1828. 

Claysville,  on  the  west  half  of  the  southwest  quarter  of  section  22,  town- 
ship 1,  range  4,  by  Ford  Barnes,  June  7,  1828. 

There  have  been  numerous  villages — a  small  collection  of  houses  and 
trading  places  with  postoffices.  besides  the  above,  but  were  not  regular  plats. 
These  include  Hopewell,  Londonderry,  Winchester,  Indian  Camp,  etc. 


The  incorporated  towns  of  the  county  are:  Cambridge  (City),  Salesville, 
Pleasant  City,  Cumberland,  Quaker  City,  Byesville,  Senecaville,  Fairview, 
Kimbolton,  Lore  City,  Washington,  Hartford. 


The  first  town  laid  out  in  Guernsey  county,  rightfully  speaking,  was  on 
the  old  Zane  trace,  five  miles  to  the  east  of  Washington,  on  the  northwest 
half  of  section  19,  township  2,  range  1.  The  proprietor,  Joseph  Smith,  called 
the  town  Frank  ford,  but  the  records  of  Muskingum  county,  to  which  the 


lands  of  this  county  then  belonged,  show  the  plat  of  a  town  named  Frankby. 
and  Frankley,  recorded  September  13,  1805 ;  this  makes  the  place  twenty-three 
days  older  than  Washington.  Who  Joseph  Smith  was  and  what  became  of 
him,  no  one  seems  to  know.  There  being  no  record  of  the  patent,  it  cannot 
be  told  Whether  he  entered  or  squatted  on  this  land,  but  he  evidently  had 
some  notion  of  building  a  town  at  the  point  named  in  the  platting,  for  lot  No. 
5  was  designated  as  having  been  "reserved  for  court  house  purposes."  Lot 
No.  13  for  gaol  and  "north  spring,  on  lot  No.  29,  for  the  free  use  of  the 
public  square  and  all  the  commons  on  the  south  side  of  the 
same."  But  his  hopes  were  soon  to  be  blighted;  the  first  cabin  erected 
there  was  for  a  tavern,  and  whisky  was  so  cheap  that  the  advantages  of 
the  free  spring  water  were  not  duly  appreciated.  All  the  pioneer  townsite 
man  received  was  the  name  "Smithtown,"  by  which  the  site  was  ever  after 
known.  As  late  as  1870,  a  traveler  named  Cummings,  who  kept  a  diary,  says 
therein:  "August  8 — The  stage  being  only  to  go  fifteen  miles,  I  left  Cam- 
bridge on  foot ;  the  first  five  miles  were  excellent  road,  over  a  long,  very  high 
range  of  hills,  without  a  house,  to  Beymertown — twelve  cabins,  four  being 
taverns,  and  one  a  blacksmith  shop.  Four  and  a  half  miles  farther  no  in- 
habitants; the  road  is  still  good,  but  is  leading  over  several  high,  short  and 
steep  ridges,  which  generally  run  from  north  to  south.  Then  passing  a  cabin 
and  farm,  in  a  half  mile  I  came  to  Frankford  or  Smithtown,  where  I  break- 
fasted. This  is  a  small  village  or  hamlet  of  eight  or  ten  cabins,  some  of 
which,  as  well  as  several  in  the  neighborhood,  are  inhabited  by  families  from 
Peekskill,  New  York.'' 

A  record  shows  that  in  1807  Smith  and  wife  conveyed  lot  No.  20  to 
John  D.  Seiman  for  twenty-seven  dollars  and  fifty  cents.  Other  lots  sold  at 
forty  dollars  each. 

In  1809.  Andrew  Moore,  of  New  Castle,  Delaware,  became  a  resident  of 
Frankford  and  owned  a  tavern  that  became  somewhat  noted,  and  there,  in  1819, 
Gen.  Robert  B.  Moore  married  the  daughter  of  Jacob  Gomber,  took  his  bride 
to  her  new  home,  accompanied  by  a  large  company  of  friends  from  Cam- 
bridge, they  going  on  horseback.  William  H.  Farrar  wrote  of  this  many 
years  later  and  it  is  "good  history"  today.  In  1814,  Smith  and  wife  sold, 
for  a  consideration  of  two  thousand  dollars,  the  quarter  section  of  land  on 
which  Frankford  was  platted  to  Jacob  Gomber. 

In  1846,  at  the  October  term  of  court,  this  platting  was  vacated  and  its 
history  ended.  Its  once  noted  hostelry,  that  fed  and  rested  many  a  wean- 
traveler,  has  long  since  disappeared ;  its  streets  and  alleys  have  been  con- 
verted into  a  cow  pasture,  and  its  court  house  and  jail  sites  appropriated  to 
the  growing  of  corn  and  potatoes. 



To  have  been  in  the  vanguard  of  civilization  and  among  the  first  persons 
to  penetrate  so  goodly  a  domain  as  Guernsey  county,  Ohio,  with  the  view  of 
making  permanent  settlement,  is  an  honor,  though  possibly  such  honor  was 
never  fully  realized  by  Mr.  Graham,  who.  it  is  believed  now,  was  the  first 
white  man  to  invade  the  territory  with  the  view  of  remaining  and  building 
for  himself  a  permanent  habitation,  in  what  was  then  a  great  wilderness, 
which  had  only  been  explored  by  the  Indian  race  and  possibly  a  few  white 
adventurers.  The  date  of  Mr.  Graham's  settlement  was  1798  and  he  located 
where  afterwards  the  watertank  of  the  railroad  stood  in  Cambridge.  Doubt- 
less there  were  a  few  "squatters"  who  tarried  for  a  short  time  within  this 
county,  as  early  as  1796,  as  it  is  claimed  that  Levi  Williams  had  a  son  John 
born  where  Washington  now  stands.  March  8,  1806,  and  that  the  father  came 
in  1796,  but  of  their  experiences  and  future  whereabouts  no  record  now  ex- 
ists. It  should  be  remembered  that  Guernsey  county  now  contains  more  than 
five  times  as  many  people  as  did  the  entire  state  of  Ohio  in  1798.  when  the 
Graham  settlement  was  effected. 

The  southern  part  of  Guernsey  county  was  the  first  to  be  settled  to  any 
considerable  extent  and  the  first  township  to  have  a  permanent  settler  was 
Cambridge.  Pioneer  Graham's  cabin  was  the  only  house  between  Wheeling 
and  Zanesville.  Two  years  later,  or  thereabouts,  came  George  Beymer.  from 
Somerset,  Pennsylvania,  and  these  two  persons  kept  a  house  of  entertain- 
ment, and  also  a  ferry  for  travelers  on  their  way  to  Kentucky.  In  1803  came 
John  Beatty  from  Loudoun  county,  Virginia,  and  purchased  the  tavern  which 
was  on  the  "Zane  Trace,"  which  was  a  blazed  path  through  the  wilderness 
from  Wheeling  to  Chillicothe,  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Scioto  river.  Ebenezer 
Zane  marked  the  path,  and  for  his  services  received  three  sections  of  land  at 
the  crossing  of  the  rivers — one  on  the  Muskingum,  one  on  the  Hocking,  and 
one  on  the  north  bank  of  the  Scioto — with  the  right  to  run  a  ferry  and  toll 
bridge  over  the  Ohio  and  Muskingum  rivers.  Zanesville  was  located  on  his 
section,  at  the  crossing  of  the  Muskingum,  and  from  him  it  derives  its  name. 

The  various  township  histories  in  this  volume  will  relate  much  of  interest 


concerning  the  settlement  in  different  parts  of  Guernsey  county,  hence  need 
not  here  be  mentioned. 

I  luring  the  year  1805  the  survey  of  the  plat  of  Cambridge  was  executed 
and  the  first  house  built  on  that  platting;  it  stood  on  what  came  to  be  the 
Shaw  property,  and  was  occupied  by  John  Beatty.  father  of  Zaccheus  A. 
Beatty.  More  concerning  this  family  and  its  settlement  will  be  found  in  the 
city  chapter  of  Cambridge.  Also  an  account  of  many  of  the  families,  in- 
cluding those  who  emigrated  from  the  beautiful  isle  of  Guernsey,  from  which 
the  county  took  its  name,  will  lie  given  in  detail  in  such  chapter. 

Wild  animals  abounded  on  every  hand  here  when  the  pioneer  band  first 
invaded  these  parts.  Bears,  wolves,  deer,  etc.,  were  very  plentiful,  ami  both 
state  and  county  paid  a  bounty  of  two  dollars  for  wolf  scalps. 

The  pioneering  days  in  America  are  almost  over,  forever.  The  great 
public  domain  is  fast  being  settled  and  developed,  the  lands  being  divided  and 
sub-divided  and  prices  steadily  advancing,  until  ere  long  American  real  estate 
will  be  as  high  priced  as  in  the  old  European  countries.  The  modern  pioneer 
disappears  after  the  iron  horse  has  made  his  way  to  the  new,  unsettled 
countries,  whereas  the  first  pioneers  of  our  republic  went  in  long  years  in 
advance  of  either  steamboat  or  railroads,  hewing  their  way  through  the  dense 
forests  and  there  subduing  land,  covered  with  stumps  and  roots,  raising 
crops  which,  if  there  was  a  surplus,  had  to  be  drawn  by  oxen  or  horses  many 
miles  to  market.  These  conditions  have  all  been  reversed;  now  the  husband- 
man can  raise  his  crops  and  sell  at  his  very  door  and  it  is  transported  by 
steam  or  electric  cars  to  points  near  at  hand,  where  good  prices  richly  repay 
him  for  his  toil  and  investment — hence  the  happy,  prosperous  homes  of  the 
twentieth  century  in  this  country. 

The  first  settlers  had  to  cook  their  venison  and  other  wild  meats  without 
salt,  for  there  was  none  within  many  miles  and  cost  much  money  when  it 
could  be  obtained.  AYhen  this  necessary  commodity  was  brought,  it  came  by 
way  of  pack-saddles  over  the  mountains.  It  did  not  come  by  good  highways 
such  as  obtain  now.  but  over  roads  unbridged  and  for  the  most  part  unworked 
by  man. 

The  first  work  of  the  pioneer  was  to  clear  away  enough  timber  to  make 
room  for  his  cabin  and  a  garden  patch.  After  his  cabin  was  raised,  he  set 
about  cutting  timber,  hewing  and  splitting,  while  the  good  housewife  busied 
herself  by  spinning,  weaving  and  knitting.      Nearly  all  the  clothes  worn  by  the 


first  comers  to  Guernsey  county  were  home-made — made  by  the  industry  and 
genius  of  the  mother,  wife  or  daughters,  while  the  "men  folks"  were  busily 
engaged  in  the  hard  task  of  clearing  up  a  field  and  fencing  it. 

The  axman  was  ever  employed.  The  rude  log  cabin,  illy  furnished,  pro- 
vided their  only  shelter  from  summer's  rain  and  winter's  blasts.  The  fire- 
place was  used  for  both  cooking  and  heating;  the  andiron  and  blackened  crane 
were  then  as  essential  as  the  modern  heater  or  gas  range  is  considered  today. 
Puncheon  were  used  for  floors  and  shakes  for  shingles.  Post  bedsteads,  with 
ropes  for  holding  the  straw  or  feather  ticking,  and  the  little  trundle-bed  at  the 
side,  were  used  instead  of  the  present-day  iron  gilded  beds  and  children's 
fancy  cribs,  with  their  silk  and  satin  lined  couches  in  which  sleeps  the  twen- 
tieth-century infant;  yet  Presidents  and  statesmen  have  come  from  both  the 
old  fashioned  and  the  new ! 

The  log  cabin  has  nearly  become  extinct,  like  the  wild  beast  and  bird  that 
roamed  and  winged  their  way  through  the  forests  of  this  county  a  hundred 
years  ago.  In  the  place  of  the  cabin  of  logs  and  the  mud  chimney  at  its  end, 
have  come  the  modern  mansions  and  elegant  farm-houses,  all  provided  with 
suitable  fixtures,  even  to  steam  heat  and  electric  or  gas  lights. 

Rude  and  homely  was  the  cabin, 

Beauty  did  not  deck  its  hearth ; 
But  the  kettle  sung  a  home-song. 

And  the  birch  logs  crackled  mirth. 
Its  chambers  were  not  high  and  spacious, 

No  marble  stairway  led  to  them, 
But,  O,  for  a  night  of  boyhood, 

To  climb  the  ladder  once  again. 

The  cabin  sleeps  in  ruins. 

The  ivy  from  the  roof  has  fled, 
The  mould  is  its  only  monument. 

All  but  memories  sweet  are  dead. 
And  as  the  years  around  us  gather, 

At  life's  end  and  eventide, 
We'll  think  then  of  the  cabin 

Down  by  the  river's  side. 

The  pioneers  of  this  county  desired  an.  education  for  their  children,  but 
rude  indeed  were  the  earlv  dav  school  houses.     Thev  were  constructed,  like 


all  buildings,  of  logs,  and  poorly  finished.  In  place  of  glass  windows,  usually 
an  opening  was  left  in  the  logs  and  over  it  was  stretched  a  greased  paper, 
which  admitted  enough  light  to  allow  the  pupils,  with  their  young,  bright 
eyes,  to  see  to  study  from  the  old  United  States  Speller,  Murray's  Grammar 
and  now  and  then  consult  the  Western  Calculator. 

While  the  children  of  early-day  Guernsey  county  were  rocked  in  sugar 
troughs,  fed  on  Johnny-cake,  corn  bread,  and  mush  and  milk,  with  wild  meats, 
yet  they  grew  to  manhood  and  womanhood  and  have  furnished  their  full  share 
of  brains  and  muscle  for  the  carrying  on  of  a  county,  state  and  nation,  through 
three  wars,  and  had  time  and  genius  enough  to  develop  one  of  the  best  sub- 
divisions in  the  Buckeye  state. 

Clothing  was  made  from  buckskin,  tow,  linen  or  flax,  manufactured  at 
home  by  their  own  hands,  unaided  by  modern  machinery.  Sometimes,  the 
family  being  large,  a  traveling  spinner  might  be  engaged.  He  usually  came 
along  with  his  little  spinning  wheel  and  would  generally  do  the  spinning  act 
at  a  "fipenny  bit''  a  dozen.  Again,  a  journeyman  tailor  would  call  with  his 
press-board  and  '•goose"  to  make  up  the  home-spun  cloth.  These  days  are 
forever  gone  on  this  continent.  A  better  era  has  come  to  mankind,  but  really 
do  we  as  a  people  generally  appreciate  the  transformation?  There  are  those 
still  among  us — a  very  few — who  remember  those  pioneer  days  and  the  scenes 
of  seventy  and  eighty  odd  years  ago.  These  have  seen  the  thick  jungle  and 
denser  forest  fall  and  the  sunlight  allowed  to  strike  full  and  brilliant  on 
fields  ripe  with  an  abundant  harvest;  the  hillsides  are  the  scene  of  orchard 
and  rich  vintage,  while  the  leaves  are  yet  turning  to  amber  and  gold.  These 
have  seen  the  last  of  the  Indian,  the  last  of  the  wild  game,  the  last  of  the 
log  cabin.  They  have  survived  to  see  the  wilderness  blossom  as  the  rose,  with 
dwelling  and  churches  and  school-houses  on  every  hand.  Verily,  the  pioneer 
"builded  better  than  he  knew." 


(From  the  Jeffersonian.     Written  by  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet,  as  told  him  by  Joseph  Culbert- 

Two  old  pioneers,  Jim  McClurg  and  John  Dixon,  were  the  noted  deer 
hunters  in  the  early  history  of  Cambridge,  and  many  were  the  thrilling  and,  at 
times,  dangerous  incidents  told  of  their  deer  hunting  experiences.  They 
usually  supplied  venison  saddles  in  the   winter  to  the   old   taverns,   and   at 



Christmas  and  New  Year's  time  to  the  citizens  of  Cambridge.  .We  will  relate 
one  of  McClurg's  experiences  with  a  large  buck. 

He  started  one  December  morning  from  their  cabin  west  of  Cambridge 
on  Crooked  creek,  on  a  deer  hunt,  with  his  trusty  flintlock,  smooth-bore  gun, 
that  carried  a  half-ounce  ball  which  on  shooting  match  days  never  failed  to 
cut  the  centre  of  the  "bull's  eye."  With  hunting  knife  in  his  belt,  he  started 
for  the  dividing  ridges  between  Indian  Camp  and  big  Sarchet's  run.  This 
would  now  be  in  Knox  and  Adams  townships.  After  traveling  through  the 
woods  for  some  time  he  sighted,  in  the  distance,  a  large  buck  with  large 
spreading  antlers,  but  too  distant  for  a  shot.  He  followed  it  round  and  round 
over  the  ridges  and  through  the  valleys,  only  to  discover  that  the  buck  was 
circling,  making  a  circuit  of  five  or  six  miles,  and  that  when  he  would  turn 
back  it  would  scent  him  and  cut  across  the  circle.  After  putting  in  the  day  in 
fruitless  pursuit,  he  returned  home  late  at  night,  resolved  to  renew  the  chase 
the  following  day,  taking  with  him  his  brother  Joe. 

They  started  early  the  next  morning,  and  near  noon  they  sighted  the 
buck.  They  followed  after  it,  and  soon  found  it  was  playing  the  same  game 
as  on  the  previous  day.  McClurg  directed  his  brother  to  the  top  of  one  of  the 
hills,  at  a  point  where  the  buck,  in  cutting  across  the  circle,  would  approach 
near  enough  for  him  to  get  a  shot,  while  he  himself  followed  the  trail. 

After  some  time,  the  buck,  in  crossing,  scented  Joe  on  the  top  of  the 
ridge  and  turned  back.  It  soon  came  in  sight  of  McClurg.  who  secreted  him- 
self behind  a  large  tree  to  await  its  nearer  approach.  At  quite  a  distance  away 
it  scented  the  hunter  and  for  a  moment  it  stopped.  Although  it  was  a  long 
shot.  McClurg  fired  and  the  buck  fell.  He  hurried  to  the  spot  and,  setting 
his  gun  against  a  tree,  drew  his  knife  and,  seizing  the  buck  by  the  antlers,  was 
making  ready  to  cut  its  throat,  when  it  opened  its  eyes  and  began  struggling 
to  its  feet.  In  the  struggle  the  buck  struck  the  hunter  in  such  a  way  as  to 
knock  the  knife  out  of  his  hand.  McClurg,  during  the  struggle,  was  unable 
to  regain  his  knife,  and  a  furious  struggle  for  mastery  began. 

McClurg  had  a  giant's  strength,  but  was  unable  to  hold  the  buck  to 
the  ground,  and  it  was  tearing  off  his  hunting  shirt  and  lacerating  his  arms 
and  body.  The  buck  finally  got  to  its  feet,  but  the  hunter  held  on  to  its  antlers, 
hoping  that  he  would  be  able  to  hold  the  animal  till  his  brother  could  arrive, 
who  would  hear  the  shot  and  hurry  to  him. 

Hut  Joe  had  a  long  distance  to  come.  McClurg's  strength  was  fast  giv- 
ing away,  but,  having  the  buck  in  bis  clutch,  he  could  not  think  of  giving  up. 
It  now  seemed  a  life  and  death  struggle.  He  concluded  to  let  go.  hoping  that 
after  such  a  fight  the  animal  would  make  off,  and  if  not  he  would  seek  safety 
in  climbing  a  tree.     So  he  let  go,  but  the  infuriated  animal  showed  fight. 


McClurg  ran  for  a  tree,  jumped  to  catch  a  limb,  missed  his  hold,  and  the 
buck  was  again  upon  him. 

It  was  once  more  a  life  and  death  struggle.  He  seized  the  buck  by  the 
horns,  and  by  almost  superhuman  strength  succeeded  in  throwing  it  to  the 
ground,  and  the  struggle  again  went  on. 

Soon  Joe  came  to  the  scene,  but  it  was  some  time  before  he  could  get  a 
shot.  He  knew  that  if  he  shot  and  failed  to  kill  the  animal  at  once,  it  would 
only  cause  it  to  fight  with  greater  ferocity,  and  perhaps  not  only  endanger  the 
life  of  his  brother  but  his  own  life. 

At  last  a  favorable  opportunity  offered,  and  he  sent  a  bullet  through  the 
heart  of  the  buck  and  the  struggle  was  over.  He  at  once  removed  its  entrails 
and  hung  the  carcass  upon  a  tree  fork,  out  of  the  reach  of  wolves,  and  began 
the  difficult  task  of  getting  his  brother  to  shelter,  as  the  night  was  upon  them. 

With  much  difficulty,  sometimes  leading  and  sometimes  carrying  his 
brother,  he  reached  the  home  of  Mr.  Culbertson,  where  McClurg  was  kindly 
cared  for  and  the  next  morning  their  host  brought  them  to  their  home  on 
Crooked  creek. 

Perhaps  our  long-time  friend,  Joseph  Culbertson,  of  Adams  township, 
will  remember  hearing  this  story  of  McClurg  and  the  buck,  told  around  the 
family  fireside  in  the  long  ago. 

McClurg  kept  the  antlers  of  the  buck  nailed  upon  the  wall  of  his  cabin 
for  many  years,  as  a  trophy.  The  buck,  on  first  scenting  McClurg,  had  thrown 
up  its  head  and  the  shot,  although  penetrating  the  center  of  its  forehead,  had 
passed  between  the  antlers  and  through  the  skull  above  its  brain. 

There  are  now  no  persons  living  who  ate  this  venison ;  but  there  was  a 
large  party  who  partook  of  it  at  a  Christmas  dinner  at  the  Judge  Metcalf  tav- 
ern. McClurg  never  fully  recovered  from  the  effects  of  the  fearful  conflict. 
His  nervous  system  had  been  overtaxed. 

At  the  time  of  the  first  settlement  there  were  several  Indian  camps,  in 
this  county,  of  the  Wyandotte  and  Seneca  tribes,  that  remained  until  just 
before  the  war  of  1812. 

It  is  related  that  one  morning  as  Isaac  Oldham  was  endeavoring  to  kindle 
the  fire  in  his  cabin,  whilst  upon  his  knees  blowing  the  few  remaining  embers, 
an  old  Indian  named  Douty  crept  stealthily  in  upon  him,  caught  him  by  the 
neck  and  raised  the  deadly  tomahawk,  ready  to  deal  the  fatal  blow,  but  after 
holding  Oldham  in  that  position  for  some  time,  he  released  his  hold,  and  re- 
marked, "Ingen  let  white  man  go:  white  man  no  let  Ingen  go,"  and  left  the 
cabin.     This  occurred  just  before  the  war  of  1812.  and  after  the  larger  por- 


tion  of  the  Indians  had  removed  farther  to  the  Northwest.  It  was  always 
supposed  that  Douty  intended  to  kill  Oldham,  before  he  left,  for  the  loss  of 
his  hunting  ground,  which  Oldham  had  entered  and  was  occupying;  but  fear 
of  being  caught  before  he  could  overtake  the  rest  of  his  tribe,  it  was  thought, 
deterred  him,  and  Douty  came  no  more.  Novelists  have  sought  to  portray 
the  magnanimity  and  generosity  of  the  Indian  character,  but  the  history  of 
the  attempt  of  the  government  to  civilize,  and  of  the  missionary  to  enlighten, 
prove  the  Indian  character  to  be  one  of  cunning,  treachery  and  revenge.  His- 
tory points  to  them  as  being  a  part  of  the  tribe  of  Ishmael,  "whose  hand  is 
against  every  man,  and  every  man's  against  him." 



Here  in  Guernsey  county,  as  in  all  other  parts  of  the  state,  the  business 
of  the  county  has  not  at  all  times  been  conducted  correctly.  Here,  as  else- 
where, designing  men  and  "grafters"  have  sometimes  been  the  betrayers  of 
tbe  tax-paying  people.  Not  always  has  value  been  received  for  the  cash  or 
warrants  issued,  but,  all  in  all,  there  has  been  less  of  dishonor  and  misappro- 
priation of  public  funds  here  than  in  main-  sections  of  the  commonwealth  of 
Ohio,  in  common  with  other  states.  However,  it  will  not  be  prudent,  at  this 
late  day,  in  a  work  of  this  character,  to  go  into  detail  to  any  considerable 
extent,  to  show  up  these  irregularities  among  public  officials.  Many  of  the 
officials  elected  here  have  proven  to  be  men  of  great  strength  of  integrity  and 
have  been  repeatedly  re-elected  to  the  same,  or  higher  positions,  thus  showing 
that  the  people  had  implicit  confidence  in  them.  In  the  main,  business  in  the 
county  has  been  conducted  with  honesty  and  ability.  The  public  buildings 
have  been  erected,  the  hundreds  of  bridges  have  been  built  and  repaired,  or 
rebuilt,  with  the  least  possible  expense.  The  unfortunate  poor  have  been 
humanely  cared  for  by  the  county  authorities  in  the  best  manner  and  at  the 
least  possible  expense  for  doing  so  delicate  an  undertaking.  Counties,  like 
nations  and  individual  corporations,  sometimes  make  mistakes  and  are  the 
losers  thereby,  but  here  the  rule  has  been  to  elect  good,  worthy  men  and  they 
have  succeeded  in  carrying  on  the  finances  of  the  county  with  a  good  degree 
of  business  sagacity  and  manly  integrity. 

The  first  officers  of  Guernsey  county  were  as  follows:  County  commis- 
sioners. James  Dillon,  ^Yilliam  Dement  and  Absalom  Martin;  clerk,  Elijah 
Beall;  treasurer,  John  Beatty;  lister  of  property,  Elijah  Dyson;  sheriff, 
Thomas  Knowles ;  surveyor,  George  Metcalf ;  coroner,  Joseph  Smith;  auction- 
eer. Peter  Wirick. 

It  devolved  upon  the  commissioners  to  set  off  and  organize  into  civil 
townships  the  county  as  it  was  made  by  the  act  of  the  Legislature,  and  this, 
with  the  making  of  pioneer  roads  and  bridges,  kept  the  board  fully  busy,  and 
their  work  was  well  done,  as  a  rule.  The  first  township  organizations  had  to 
be  re-organized  as  the  settlement  increased,  and  hence  came  new  township 


work.     The  following  is  a  list  of  the  several  township  changes,  with  date  of 
their  organization : 


Bv  an  act  of  the  Ohio  Legislature,  in  the  session  of  1809-10.  the  follow- 
ing townships  were  erected :  Oxford,  Seneca,  Wills,  Cambridge  and  West- 
land.  The  county  commissioners  met  April  23,  1810,  to  organize.  Other 
townships  were  organized  as  shown  below: 

Millwood  was  organized  in  about  1835. 

Wheatland  was  organized  June  9,  1810. 

Buffalo  set  off  and  election  had  June  23,  1810. 

Richland,  named  and  election  held  July  18,  1810. 

Madison,  named  and  election  held  July  18,  1810. 

Wheeling,  organized  September  15,  1810. 

Valley,  organized  March  25,  181 5. 

Jefferson,  cut  from  west  end  of  Madison,  June  3,  1816. 

Londonderry,  from  parts  of  Oxford  and  Madison,  June  3,  1816. 

Beaver,  from  parts  of  Oxford  and  Seneca,  June  3,  1816. 

Olive,  from  Buffalo,  June  3.  1816. 

Monroe,  from  Jefferson,  April,  1818. 

Knox,  from  the  north  end  of  Westland  and  a  part  of  Wheeling,  March, 

Spencer,  from  the  west  end  of  Buffalo,  March,  1819. 

Liberty,  organized  1820. 

Centre,  organized  1822. 

Washington,  organized  1823. 

Jackson,  organized  June,  1824. 

Adams,  organized  1827. 

In  1 85 1,  Buffalo,  Beaver.  Olive  and  Seneca  townships  were  detached 
from  Guernsey  and  made  a  part  of  Noble  county. 


In  1872  the  following  appeared  from  the  pen  of  a  local  historian,  con- 
cerning the  agitation  and  settlement  of  the  Guernsey  county  seat  question : 
The  county  seat  question  was  then  agitated  for  the  first  time ;  and  our  Wash- 
ington friends  renew  it  occasionally  yet,  by  building  castles  in  the  air.  At  the 
formation  of  the  county,  Beymerstown.  eight  miles  east,  on  the  old  Wheeling 
road,  aspired  to  lie  the  shire  town.     The  location  was  to  be  made  by  a  com- 


mittee  appointed  by  the  Legislature.  After  much  log-rolling  and  lobbying, 
and  a  good  deal  of  had  blood  engendered  between  the  two  rival  towns,  the 
proposition  of  Beatty  and  Gomber,  to  donate  the  public  grounds,  and  finish 
the  buildings  ready  for  the  roof,  was  accepted,  and  the  following  written  upon 
the  records  of  the  county  : 

"That,  having  paid  due  regard  to  the  interest  and  convenience  of  the 
inhabitants  of  said  county,  we  do  hereby  declare  that  the  town  of  Cambridge 
is  the  most  suitable  place  for  the  permanent  seat  of  justice. 

Isaac  Cook, 
James  Armstrong, 
William  Robinson, 
"April  20,  1810.  Committee." 

Jacob  Gomber,  Thomas  B.  Kirkpatrick  and  Robert  Speers  were  appointed 
associate  judges  by  the  Legislature,  and  on  the  23rd  of  April  met  at  Tingle's 
tavern,  and  appointed  the  following  county  officers:  Clerk  of  the  court,  Cyrus 
P.  Beatty;  sheriff,  Elijah  Dyson;  prosecuting  attorney,  S.  Herrick ;  surveyor, 
George  Metcalf;  recorder,  Robert  Johnson;  commissioners,  Absolom  Martin, 
William  Dement.  James  Dillon. 


At  the  time  of  the  erection  of  the  first  court  house,  there  was  a  careful 
selection  of  bright  red  brick  for  the  south  and  east  fronts.  The  entrance 
doors  on  the  south  and  north  were  large  double  doors.  They  were  circular 
top,  and  had  circular  transoms,  with  projecting  hoods.  The  windows  were 
large,  and  all  had  slatted  shutters.  The  cupola,  or  belfry,  was  large  and  cir- 
cular, and  had  around  it  half-slatted  panels,  above  which  was  the  projecting 
roof  of  the  tall  spire,  which  was  surmounted  by  two  wooden  balls  and  the 
weathercock  in  the  shape  of  a  fish.  The  pudlock  holes,  used  in  the  scaffold- 
ing, had  not  been  filled  up.  Pudlock  holes  are  not  now  seen  in  the  erection 
of  brick  buildings.  A  contract  was  let  to  John  Blanpied  to  paint  the  spire, 
balls  and  vane,  to  paint  the  cupola  and  the  window  shutters  and  doors  and 
repair  the  windows  and  fill  up  the  pudlock  holes.  To  do  this  work.  Air.  Blan- 
pied. who  was  a  sailor  boy.  constructed  a  rope  ladder  and  attached  it  to  the 
top  of  the  spire,  and.  suspended  by  it.  he  painted  the  balls,  vane  and  spire. 
How  well  the  writer  remembers  this  little  chubby  Guernseyman  suspended  on 
the  rope  ladder  as  he  moved  around  the  tall  spire !  The  old  court  house  was 
eighty-seven  feet  from  the  ground  to  the  top  of  the  spire.     There  are  but  few 


of  the  citizens  of  Cambridge  today  who  remember  the  tall  spire  and  balls  and 
vane  of  the  old  court  house.  This  spire  was  struck  by  lightning  April  22, 
1854,  and  the  court  house,  after  it  was  repaired  and  remodeled,  which  would 
be  familiar  to  many  of  the  citizens  of  today,  was  altogether  unlike  the  court 
house  of  1 810. 

This  was  the  building  that  was  built  and  donated  (except  the  roofing) 
by  Messrs.  Beatty  and  Gomber,  as  an  inducement  to  locate  the  county  seat  at 
Cambridge  in  18 10.  It  served  well  its  purpose  until  the  building  of  the  pres- 
ent court  house.  The  county,  of  course,  expended  much  on  remodeling  the 
first  structure,  as  above  indicated.  The  old  building  was  the  central  scene  of 
starting  the  county  machinery  going,  and  a  few  of  the  older  residents  are 
here  who  well  remember  the  courts  and  interesting  proceedings  therein  enacted. 
Fortunately,  no  fires  have  ever  destroyed  the  valuable  books  of  the  county, 
yet  many  of  the  records  have  not  been  as  carefully  preserved  as  they  might 
and  should  have  been.  Today,  the  system  of  records  is  materially  better  than 
in  the  olden  days. 


The  best  account  of  the  building  and  cost  of  the  present  court  house  is 
found  in  the  files  of  the  Cambridge  Jcffcrsonian  of  1883,  and  was  written  at 
the  date  the  building  was  dedicated,  reading  as  follows : 

On  Tuesday,  September  11,  1883,  the  newly  completed  court  house  was 
opened  for  public  inspection.  There  was  a  large  meeting  in  the  square,  and 
many  speeches  were  made  and  reports  read.  E.  W.  Mathews,  chairman  of  the 
executive  committee,  announced  that  Hon.  William  Lawrence  had  been  ap- 
pointed president  of  the  day,  and  introduced  him  to  the  assembly.  Mr.  Law- 
rence made  a  short,  timely  speech,  and  was  followed  by  Auditor  Becker,  who 
read  the  following  statement  of  the  cost  of  erecting  the  court  house : 

Cost  of  building    $84,083.34 

Furniture    4,557.00 

Carpets   545-°° 

Steam  and  gas  fixtures    5,634.62 

Bell    470.00 

Plans  and  superintendence  of  building 4,313.00 

Total  for  building  and  fixtures $99,602.96 


Outside  paving    1,586.16 

Grading  and  improving  lot   550-87 

Cistern  and  sewer    770. 79 

Total    $102,510.78 

Amount  of  bonds  outstanding,   the  last  of  which 

falls  due  July  15,  1887 $46,100.00 

The  court  house  was  built  by  the  board  of  county  commissioners,  whose 
representative,  J.  O.  Grimes,  spoke  next.  Mr.  Grimes  presented  the  report  of 
the  board,  and  recounted  the  preliminary  steps  toward  building  the  new 
court  house.  He  then  read  the  resolution,  as  presented  by  Commissioner 
Roseman  and  adopted  by  the  board  on  April  10,  1879.  Messrs.  Roseman 
and  Lochary,  he  explained,  voted  for  it.  Mr.  Reed  was  absent,  but  afterward 
endorsed  the  action.  The  Legislature,  seeing  the  necessity  of  such  a  proceed- 
ing, passed  a  supplementary  act,  increasing  a  former  appropriation  of  fifty 
thousand  dollars  to  eighty-five  thousand  dollars. 

The  architect  was  J.  W.  Yost,  of  Bellaire,  Ohio.  The  building  com- 
mittee were  as  follows:  Clerk  Mahaffey,  Judge  Kennon,  Sheriff  McKitrick 
and  Isaac  Morton.  Contracts  were  let,  work  commenced  in  the  spring  of 
1881,  and  the  structure  was  finished  in  September,  1883.  During  the  entire 
construction,  Patrick  Lochary  was  a  member  of  the  board.  Messrs.  Rose- 
man and  Reed  were  worthily  succeeded  by  Messrs.  Nicholson  and  Shipman. 
The  largest  contract  was  awarded  to  Mr.  Townsend,  who.  with  his  able 
assistant,  John  Robinson,  received  public  thanks. 

Colonel  Taylor,  on  behalf  of  the  people  of  Guernsey  county,  made  a 
stirring  speech  of  acceptance,  with  many  thanks  to  the  commissioners,  the 
contractors,  the  architects,  to  all  who  had  in  in  any  way  assisted  in  or  super- 
intended its  construction,  and  was  loud  in  his  praise  of  the  magnificent  court 
house  itselfr 

In  the  afternoon,  there  were  speeches  by  Capt.  W.  M.  Farrar,  who  gave 
a  short  historical  sketch  of  the  old  court  house  and  the  difficulties  encountered 
in  the  building  of  the  new.  He  was  followed  by  Judge  Ball,  Judge  Frazier 
and  Hon.  W.  M.  Ramsay,  a  prominent  lawyer  of  Cincinnati,  formerly  of 
Guernsey  county.  The  meeting  concluded  with  a  speech  by  Mr.  Yost,  the 
architect,  who  met  with  loud  acclaim. 

It  is  believed  that  the  recent  years"  improvements  on  this  court  house — 
all  needed,  too — have  made  the  structure  and  furnishings  cost  the  county 
about  one  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars,  and  that  no  such  building  for 
the  outlay  of  public  funds  can  be  found  in  Ohio  today. 



The  first  county  jail  was  a  rude  log-  building,  that  stood  on  the  site  of  the 
present  building.  Near  it  stood  the  "public  whipping  post,"  the  last  real  evi- 
dence of  narrow-mindedness  and  uncivilized  "civilization." 

This  log  house  stood  and  served  until  1835,  when  a  brick  jail  was  erected 
on  the  site  of  the  old  one.  For  its  day,  it  was  ample,  but  with  the  art  of  jail- 
breaking  and  the  better  condition  with  which  "boarders"  at  public  expense 
desired  to  be  housed  and  fed,  it  was  condemned. 

The  jail  now  in  use  was  built  in  1871,  at  a  cost  of  twenty-six  thousand 
dollars,  including  the  later  additional  iron  work  inside.  It  is  forty  feet  square 
and  is  twenty-two  feet  high,  supposed  to  be  safe,  but  has  frequently  proven 
inefficient  against  the  worst  type  of  prisoners.  Yet  over  fifteen  hundred  iron 
and  steel  bars  were  used  in  its  construction.  The  sheriff's  residence  is  in  con- 
nection with  the  jail.  The  projecting  towers,  irregular  walls  and  high  tow- 
ers overhead  and  the  mansard  roofing  present  a  good  architectural  appearance. 


Nothing  speaks  more  potently  of  the  refinement  and  Christian  sentiment 
of  any  community,  than  does  its  care  for  its  unfortunate  poor  and  demented 
persons.  The  great  Master  declared,  "The  poor  ye  always  have  with  you," 
and  this  has  continued  to  be  true  even  until  the  twentieth  century  after  Christ 
spoke  these  words.  Ohio  has  never  willingly  neglected  her  poor,  but.  with 
the  advance  of  years,  has  adopted  many  new  and  better  means  for  caring 
for  this  unfortunate  class.  In  183 1,  an  act  was  passed  creating  what  was 
then  named  the  "poor  house."  In  1850  this  was  changed  to  "infirmary."  In 
Guernsey  county  a  county  farm  was  purchased  in  September,  184 1,  amounting 
to  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres,  to  which  was  subsequently  added  thirty-two 
acres.  This  is  the  present  county  farm,  and  it  is  situated  about  two  miles 
south  of  Washington;  two  and  a  half  miles  from  Gibson  station;  two  and 
three-quarters  of  a  mile  from  Lore  City.  In  1841.  on  a  beautiful  knoll,  there 
was  erected  a  brick  building,  then  thought  sufficient  for  many  years,  but  by 
[859  it  had  become  too  small  to  accommodate  the  poor  of  the  county,  and  a 
new,  larger  building  was  erected,  in  addition  to  the  original  one.  Still  later 
more  additions  were  made. 

The  last  official  report  of  this  institution  shows  the  following:  The  total 
number  of  inmates  was  fifty,  of  whom  twenty-eight  were  men  and  twenty- 
two  were  women.     Above  what  the  farm  itself  produced,  the  cash  cost  to  the 


county  For  the  maintenance  of  this  infirmary  was  three  thousand  one  hundred 

and  thirty  .hilars. 

In  August,  1S71,  at  the  county  infirmary  there  was  an  insane  man  named 
John  W.  Berry,  of  Liberty  township,  and  because  there  was  no  jail  in  repair 
at  that  time  in  the  county,  he  was  sent  to  the  infirmary  for  safe  keeping  in 
one  of  the  cells  intended  for  demented  persons.  The  infirmary  superintend- 
ent, or  director.  Mr.  McCormick,  was  away  from  home  at  the  time  and  his 
wife  and  son  were  in  charge  of  the  institution.  The  following  morning  he 
hurst  the  cell  door  and  escaped  into  the  hall-way.  and  with  a  slat  of  wood 
(sharp  cornered)  he  killed  Robert  Richey,  aged  eighty  years,  a  sound-minded 
person,  and  Agmes  Kimball,  an  insane  person  aged  forty  years.  He  was 
finally  overpowered  and  chained  to  the  floor  until  he  could  he  safely  taken 
charge  of. 


Another  humane  institution  of  this  county  is  the  Children's  Home.  This 
is  now  located  in  the  city  of  Cambridge  and  cares  for  many  of  the  county's 
unfortunate  children,  especially  orphans  and  those  whose  full  parentage  is 
unknown  to  the  world.  Before  the  state  made  a  provision  for  such  institu- 
tions. Rev.  J.  H.  Nash  established  a  home  for  such  children.  The  old  Met- 
calf  building,  west  of  the  city,  was  employed  by  him  for  a  building,  but  as  the 
institution  became  a  charge  of  the  state  and  county  under  the  new-  provisions. 
a  more  suitable,  permanent  home  was  sought  out.  The  present  site  in  the 
very  heart  of  the  city,  on  the  high,  commanding  hill  to  the  east,  on  the  point 
or  ridge  extending  between  Highland  and  Wheeling  avenues,  was  purchased 
from  a  non-resident  for  the  small  sum  of  twenty-five  hundred  dollars 
and  within  a  few  years  would  easily  have  sold  for  as  many  thousand  dollars. 
Here  the  county  erected  the  present  beautiful  home  in  1886.  It  fronts  on 
Highland  avenue  and  is  surrounded  by  large  shade  trees  and  a  circling  walk 
and  drive-way  in  front.  The  first  building  expense  was  seventeen  thousand 

The  report  of  the  worthy  superintendent.  Airs.  J.  S.  Prouse,  for  1909-10, 
shows  the  following:  Total  number  of  children  cared  for  during  the  year, 
sixty-two,  forty-three  boys  and  nineteen  girls ;  one  absconding  during  the  last 
year  from  the  home.  The  current  expenses  for  the  year  was  $6,633.  The 
condensed  statement  to  the  county  authorities  shows  that  the  provisions  pur- 
chased cost  the  county.  $1,271;  groceries.  $567;  clothing,  $160:  light  and 
fuel,  $551 ;  feed,  $516;  shoes,  $190;  salaries,  $2,526;  schooling,  $220;  making 
a  total  of  $7,526. 


Rev.  T-  H.  Nash,  a  United  Presbyterian  minister,  was  the  first  superin- 
tendent and  served  both  in  the  old  and  new  quarters,  resigning  in  October, 
1887.  He  was  followed  by  J.  S.  Prouse  and  he  was  succeeded  by  his  wife, 
the  present  superintendent,  in  March,  1906. 

The  present  (1910)  board  of  trustees  are:  D.  M.  Hawthorne,  president, 
Cambridge;  C.  S.  Turnbaugh,  Cambridge;  Maj.  J.  W.  Moore,  Washington; 
Samuel  Carr.  Guernsey. 

The  county  visiting  board  is  as  follows :  Mrs.  E.  W.  Mathews,  Mrs.  T. 
C.  Clark,  Mrs.  Johnston,  Lore  City;  Henry  Wilson,  Byesville;  James  Dyer. 


When  County  Recorder  Arnold  left  the  office  in  1909,  he  kindly  left  the 
following  record  of  instruments  filed  and  the  fees  for  same.  He  made  an 
efficient  officer  and  turned  over  to  Guernsey  county  one  thousand  two  hundred 
dollars  in  fees  due  the  county.     The  list  he  gives  covered  a  period  of  five  years : 

Deeds  recorded   7*665 

Total  consideration   $8,181,246 

Acres  transferred    141,879 

Lots  transferred    6,665 

Leases   recorded 665 

Acres  leased    31 ,609 

Mortgages  recorded    4,206 

Total   consideration    $7,059,342 

Mortgages   released    3.204 

Total   consideration    $2,963,026 

Chattel  mortgages  filed    !-576 

Chattel   mortgages   refilecl    1,380 

Mechanic's  liens  recorded    114 

The  following  was  the  rate  of  taxation  on  each  hundred  dollars  worth 
of  taxable  property  in  Guernsey  county,  in  1837:  State  and  canal  tax.  forty 
cents;  county  school  tax.  fifty  cents;  road  tax,  twenty-five  cents;  township 
and  poor  tax.  thirty  cents;  total  average  on  a  hundred  dollars  of  assessed 
valuation,  one  dollar  and  thirty  cents. 



Total  Amt.  Each 
Twp.  as  Equalized. 

Beaver    $25,131 

Oxford    33469 

Londonderry    36,636 

Washington    19,166 

Madison    20,200 

Wills    36,584 

Richland    46,894 

Buffalo    18,633 

Jackson    18,392 

Centre    18,498 

Jefferson    14,612 

Monroe    12,902 

Wheeling    7,675 

Liberty    13.515 

Cambridge    33-434 

Spencer    23,223 

Westland    27,032 

Adams    19,201 

Knox 5.396 

Total   $430,593 


Acres.  Valuation.  Personal.  Total  Tax. 

Adams   Township    I5-9I6  $222,900  $91,126  $315,786 

Cambridge   Township    18,428  288,870  171.634  475,914 

Centre  Township   15,212  303,720  183,334  504,049 

Jackson   Township    10.083  3°5-4I5  95-333  400,784 

Jefferson   Township    16,083  177,600  56,070  233,670 

Knox  Township    J5.854  186,480  59.483  245,963 

Liberty  Township    13,662  i53-l85  89,474  244,279 

Londonderry   Township    ....  22,586  328,835  94.926  462,846 

Madison  Township    J5-359  J83.685  77-195  27I>575 

Millwood   Township    15.058  189.685  134,271  236,381 


Monroe   Township    !5.942 

Oxford    Township    i'8-I93 

Richland  Township    I5»545 

Spencer   Township    '7-43- 

Valley  Township    T  3-762 

Washington  Township    1 5,335 

Westland    Township    J  5.978 

Wheeling  Township    J9o77 

Wills  Township   22,199 


City  of  Cambridge    



Lore  City    ' 

Pleasant  City    

Quaker  City    
























3 1 7,000 



























Total    328,200    $5,707,055    $3,747,959     $12,687,324 


The  files  of  the  Teffer sonian,  in  1879.  give  the  following  paragraphs, 
with  much  more,  on  the  defalcation  of  County  Treasurer  Patterson,  and  his 
final  conviction  and  sentence : 

"The  bondsmen  of  ex-Treasurer  Patterson  had  a  meeting  in  Adams 
township,  on  last  Thursday,  to  consider,  amongst  other  things,  what  course 
should  be  pursued  as  to  persons  'who  received  public  money  from  Patterson 
while  he  was  treasurer.  At  this  meeting  committees  were'  appointed  to  wait 
upon  those  persons  who  are  known  to  have  received  public  monies  from  Pat- 
terson and  ask  that  the  sums  be  repaid  to  the  bondsmen,  to  reduce  the  sum  to 
be  paid  by  them  on  the  judgment  against  them  in  the  common  pleas  court. 
Each  committee  consists  of  three  persons,  but  we  have  been  unable  to  get  the 
names  of  those  selected  for  this  duty." 


"The  committees  appointed  at  a  recent  meeting  of  the  bondsmen  of  late 
Treasurer  Patterson,  in  Adams  township,  have  performed  the  duties  placed 


upon  them  and  have  called  upon  the  several  persons  who  received  public 

money  from  Patterson,  and  requested  its  repayment.  The  sums  thus  de- 
manded to  be  returned  aggregate,  so  far  as  we  have  learned,  about  three  thou- 
sand six  hundred  dollars.  Each  of  the  persons  to  whom  application  was  made 
took  the  matter  under  advisement,  but  paid  nothing.  The  conclusion  with 
some  of  them  was  that  they  would  pay  hack  if  they  had  to  do  so,  or  if  they 
discovered  it  was  just  and  right  to  pay  they  would  do  it.  At  this  writing  the 
matter  is  still  under  advisement  by  the  parties  interested.  A  committee  from 
the  bondsmen  also  waited  upon  the  county  commissioners  at  their  recent  meet- 
ing and  asked  to  be  released  from  the  interest  and  penalty  on  the  judgment 
rendered  against  them  at  the  May  term  of  the  common  pleas  court.  Their 
petition  was  placed  on  file  for  consideration." — Jeffersonian,  August  14,  1879. 


"After  the  conclusion  of  the  civil  business  and  some  minor  criminal  mat- 
ters at  the  adjourned  term  of  court  on  the  14th  inst.,  the  case  of  Ohio  vs.  John 
D.  Patterson  was  called.  The  prosecuting  attorney  said  to  the  court  that  the 
defendant  waived  arraignment  and  plead  guilty.  The  counsel  for  Patterson, 
Messrs.  White  and  Campbell,  confirmed  the  statement.  To  the  question  as 
to  what  did  he  have  to  say  why  the  sentence  of  the  law  should  not  be  passed 
on  him,  he  replied  nothing. 

"Mr.  White  said  that  the  court  had  full  knowledge  of  the  facts  and  cir- 
cumstances surrounding  the  whole  case,  and  that  upon  his  mercy  and  judg- 
ment defendant  relied. 

"Prosecuting  Attorney  Steele  then  said  to  the  court  that  this  was  a  case 
which  did  not,  in  his  opinion,  require  the  full  sentence  of  the  law;  that  the 
defendant  had  plead  guilty  and  also  was  not  guilty  of  the  other  crime — 
perjury — arjd  that  he  was  not  in  any  of  the  transactions  seeking"  to  make 
money.  He  had  nothing.  He  and  his  family  had  given  up  everything  fully. 
He  was  not  charged  with  maliciously  and  feloniously  appropriating  money 
and  he  had  furnished  the  facts  necessary  to  the  administration  of  justice,  in 
the  conviction  of  another,  and  he  would  be  glad  to  see  the  court  exercise  the 
leniency  which  the  defendant  was  entitled  to  under  these  considerations.  He 
owed  this  to  justice  in  the  discharge  of  his  official  duties. 

"The  court,  in  a  long  and  stirring  summing  up  of  the  case,  pronounced 
sentence  as  follows : 

"  'It  is  the  sentence  of  this  court  that  you  (  Patterson)  be  taken  hence  to 
the  penitentiary  and  there  confined  at  hard  labor  for  the  term  of  three  years; 


that  you  pay  double  the  sum  named  in  the  indictment  and  the  costs  of  this 
prosecution.  The  taking  of  public  money  is  a  moral  crime.'  " — Jeffersonian, 
August  21,  1879. 

Treasurer  J.  A.  La  Follette's  defalcation  was  another  spot  of  official  cor- 
ruption on  the  pages  of  this  county's  history.  He  was  found  guilty  of  em- 
bezzling funds  to  the  amount  of  about  four  thousand  dollars,  and  was  sen- 
tenced to  a  term  in  the  state  penitentiary.  Fifty  days  were  allowed  for  an  ap- 
peal and  he  was  allowed  bonds  and  moved  to  Gary.  Later,  he  was  denied  a 
new  trial  in  November,  1910,  by  the  circuit  court.  The  sentence  given  him 
was  five  years  in  the  penitentiary  and  to  pay  the  costs  of  the  case  and  twice 
the  amount  of  his  embezzlement.     Verily,  the  way  of  the  transgressor  is  hard. 









While  it  is  not  the  province  of  this  work  to  go  into  any  great  detail  as  to 
the  various  political  movements  within  Guernsey  county  and  the  many  heated 
campaigns  that  have  exercised  the  minds  of  the  voters,  it  may  not  be  without 
profit,  for  the  present  and  future,  to  make  some  plain  statements  regarding  the 
votes  at  important  dates,  speak  of  the  more  exciting  political  campaigns,  and 
especially  to  give  as  complete  a  list  of  the  county,  state  and  national  repre- 
sentation for  Guernsey  county  as  the  illy-kept  election  records  will  permit. 

In  1824,  Henry  Clay  received  three  hundred  and  forty-six  votes,  Andrew 
Jackson,  two  hundred  and  forty-five  votes,  and  John  Ouincy  Adams,  fifteen 
votes  for  President  of  the  United  States,  in  the  thinly  settled  county  of  Guern- 

THE    CAMPAIGN    OF    184O. 

The  campaign  of  1840  was  the  first  in  which  the  two  opposing  parties 
were  united  in  their  choice  of  partisan  candidates.  This  campaign  will  be 
handed  down  as  the  traditional  one  in  the  political  history  of  this  nation.  The 
first  Whig  national  convention  at  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania,  was  held  in 
December,  1839.  Before  this  convention  were  presented  as  candidates  Gen. 
William  Henry  Harrison,  Gen.  Winfield  Scott  and  Hon.  Henry  Clay.  After 
a  session  of  three  days,  General  Harrison  was  chosen  as  the  candidate.  Gen- 
eral Scott  and  Henry  Clay  pledged  themselves  to  give  earnest  support  to  the 
candidates  nominated.  This  great  uprising  of  the  people  at  once  began  to 
shape  the  course  of  events  that  were  to  give  to  the  country  a  campaign  un- 
equaled  for  monster  meetings,  doggerel  verse  and  carnival  pomp.  Webster 
said  in  his  great  speech  before  the  convention,  "Every  breeze  says  change." 
The  Democrats  charged  Harrison  with  having  been  born  in  a  log  cabin,  living 
on  corn  bread  and  hard  cider,  and  being  an  "old  granny."  The  Whigs  made 
use  of  all  these  charges  to  stir  up  the  people.  Harrison  became  the  log-cabin 
candidate  and  the  cider-barrel,  the  coon  skin  and  the  cabin  door  latch-string 
and  cabins  adorned  every  procession,  and  the  songs  of  "Tippecanoe  and  Tyler 



Too"  were  heard  throughout  the  length  and  breadth  of  the  land.     The  great 
ball  rolled  on,  getting  bigger  and  bigger,  with  the  chorus : 

"  'Tis  the  ball  a  rolling  on, 
For  Tippecanoe  and  Tyler  too. 
With  them  we'll  beat  little  Van." 

The  Whig  central  committee  stirred  up  the  woods  of  old  Guernsey  as 
never  before  nor  since,  making  the  great  mass  meeting  at  Cambridge  on  the 
12th  of  September,  1840,  the  largest  ever  gathered  by  any  party,  taking  into 
consideration  the  country  population  at  that  time.  They  came  from  east  and 
west,  north  and  south,  and  returned  to  their  homes  singing: 

"What  has  caused  this  great  commotion, 

Motion,  motion,  our  country  through  ? 
It  is  the  ball  a  rolling  on,  for 

Tippecanoe  and  Tyler  too." 

We  copy  from  the  Guernsey  Times,  of  January  4,  1840,  the  following 
as  a  part  of  the  proceedings,  issued  under  a  call  of  the  central  committee,  for 
the  organization  of  a  county  "Tippecanoe  club."  The  meeting  was  organized 
by  calling  Naphtali  Luccock  to  the  chair,  and  appointing  Richard  Hatton  and 
Lambert  Thomas  secretaries.  This  meeting  was  held  on  the  first  day  of 
January,  1840,  at  which  delegates  were  appointed  to  the  Whig  convention, 
to  be  held  in  Columbus,  Ohio,  February  22,  1840. 

Naphtali  Luccock,  who  is  second  on  the  list  of  the  Whig  central  com- 
mittee of  1840,  was  born  in  England,  and  received  an  education  at  Cambridge 
College,  and  was  apprenticed  to  John  Blacket,  grocer  and  iron  monger,  Cheap- 
side,  London.  After  serving  out  his  apprenticeship  he  emigrated  to  America 
in  1 82 1,  stopping  for  a  time  in  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania,  Where  he  engaged 
in  the  commission  business.  In  1824  he  joined  the  moving  tide  that  was 
pressing  out  into  the  new  west,  and  settled  in  Wooster,  Wayne  county,  Ohio, 
and  later  at  Coshocton  and  Plainfield,  where  he  opened  a  general  country  store. 
In  1830  he  removed  to  Liberty,  Guernsey  county,  where  he  continued  as  a 
country  merchant  and  farmer  until  he  turned  his  large  business  over  to  his 
two  sons,  Thomas  S.  and  Samuel  W.,  in  i860.  Naphtali  Luccock  was  a 
typical  Englishman,  of  good  family,  and  had  rubbed  against  the  squalor  and 
slum  in  Cheapside  and  other  marts  of  the  city  of  London,  so  that  as  a  natural- 
ized citizen  of  this  republic,  he  was  active  in  all  that  tended  to  advance  the 
people  in  morals,  religion  and  politics.  During  his  long  business  life  at  Lib- 
erty, he  stood  before  the  public  as  a  model  business  man,  honored  and  re- 


spected  by  all.  He  was  twelve  years  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  the  first  post- 
master at  Kimbolton.  When  the  office  was  established,  Liberty  was  proposed 
as  the  name  for  the  postoffice,  but  the  department  ordered  that  another  name 
be  chosen,  there  being  at  the  time  too  many  Libertys  in  Ohio.  Mr.  Luccock 
gave  it  the  name  of  Kimbolton,  after  his  ancestral  home  in  Huntingdonshire, 
England.  He  took  a  first  and  active  part  in  the  formation  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church  at  Liberty,  which  was  an  off-shoot  from  the  Cambridge 
church,  through  the  labors  of  Christian  Wyrick  and  Hamilton  Robb,  local 
preachers.  Naphtali  Luccock  was  the  first  class  leader  and  continued  a  leading 
member  throughout  his  life.  Two  of  his  grandsons  are  preachers  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  one  a  preacher  of  the  Presbyterian  church, 
and  his  son,  Hon.  T.  S.  Luccock,  is  a  retired  minister  of  the  Methodist  Epis- 
copal church.  In  the  family  there  is  a  copy  of  Fox's  "Book  of  Martyrs," 
handed  down  from  1537.     This  is  evidence  of  their  religious  training. 

Naphtali  Luccock  was  the  Whig  candidate  for  representative  in  1849  anc^ 
was  defeated  by  Matthew  Gaston,  Democrat.  This  was  the  year  of  the  new 
county  craze  which  passed  over  Ohio,  defacing  the  heretofore  county  bound- 
aries that  were  made  with  some  little  regard  to  symmetry  and  parallel  lines. 
into  the  present  zig-zags  of  many  counties ;  notably  among  these  are  Guern- 
sey, Monroe,  Morgan  and  Washington,  sliced  up  and  sawed  up  to  form  that 
monstrosity  of  a  county  that  was  to  be  called  Noble.  In  this  craze,  Guernsey 
was  to  be  fleeced  on  every  side,  and  every  little  town,  north,  south,  east  and 
west,  wanted  to  be  the  county  seat  of  a  new  county.  There  was  Cumberland 
county  on  the  east,  with  Fairview  as  the  county  seat.  On  the  strength  of  this 
new  county,  a  paper  was  started  at  Fairview  by  the  late  John  Morton,  Esq. 
On  the  south,  Hon.  Isaac  Parrish  wanted  Orange,  with  Sharon  as  the  county 
seat.  On  the  west,  New  Concord  was  to  be  the  county  seat  of  a  new  county, 
and  Bloomfield  and  Otsego  vied  with  each  other  as  to  which  should  unfurl 
the  flag  of  shirehood.  On  the  north,  old  Senator  William  Scott  wanted  a 
county  of  Chester.  And  "On,  Stanley,  on !  Charge,  Chester,  charge !"  went 
this  battle  of  new  counties.  This  was  the  time  of  "roorbacks."  "Look  out 
for  roorbacks !"  was  the  cry  in  every  paper.  Charges  were  made  in  one  sec- 
tion, and  counter-charges  in  another,  but  there  seemed  to  be  nothing  at  issue 
except  new  counties.  Mr.  Luccock,  too  honest  to  be  an  intriguer,  making  no 
pledges  to  either  quarter,  was  defeated.  The  county  at  that  time  was  very 
close.  Another  question  came  into  this  campaign  that  had  its  effect  in  the 
defeat  of  Mr.  Luccock,  the  slavery  question.  The  Sheppard  family,  with 
which  Mr.  Luccock  was  connected  as  a  relative,  had  removed  from  England 
to  South  Carolina,  and  became  the  owners  of  slaves.     Upon  this  question  he 


was  known  as  a  very  conservative  man.  In  1848,  General  Taylor,  in  his 
celebrated  Captain  Allison  letter,  had  said:  "I  am  a  Whig,  but  not  an  ultra 
Whig!"  So  Mr.  Luccock  was  a  conservative  Whig,  and  had  at  one  time  ex- 
pressed himself,  that  if  he  were  in  the  South,  he  would  be  the  owner  of  slaves. 
This,  no  doubt,  came  from  the  relationship  existing  between  himself  and  the 
Sheppard  family  in  South  Carolina,  and  was  drawn,  perhaps,  from  their  paint- 
ing the  beauties  of  slavery. 

This  came  to  the  ear  of  John  B.  Mitchell,  of  Liberty  township,  then  a 
leading  free-soiler  and  a  man  of  veracity,  who  published  the  statement  over 
his  own  signature,  and  the  Free-soilers  and  Democrats  used  it  with  great  effect 
against  Mr.  Luccock,  who  would  not  or  did  not  deny  the  statement.  Tom 
Corwin  had  but  a  few  years  before  made  the  mistake  of  his  life,  when  he  said, 
"Were  I  a  Mexican,"  etc.  So  this,  from  a  Northern  standpoint,  was  a  mis- 
take. But  who  among  us  can  say  that  if  born  and  reared  under  the  influences 
of  slavery,  that  we  would  not  have  been  its  zealous  advocates?  Naphtali 
Luccock  died  in  1868. 


In  1840,  the  Baltimore  Republican,  a  prominent  Van  Buren  paper,  speak- 
ing sneeringly  of  Gen.  William  Henry  Harrison,  said :  "Give  him  a  barrel  of 
hard  cider,  and  settle  a  pension  of  two  thousand  a  year,  and  our  word  for  it, 
he  will  sit  the  remainder  of  his  days  contented  in  a  log  cabin."  Hence  has 
come  the  much-used  and  well-known  term  "Log  Cabin  and  Hard  Cider  Cam- 
paign of  1840." 


The  following,  written  by  the  author  in  1894,  in  the  Jeffersonian,  is  con- 
sidered good  history  in  this  connection : 

After  the  result  of  the  election  in  1844  was  known  to  be  Democratic  in 
the  election  of  James  K.  Polk,  President,  the  Democratic  leaders  in  Cambridge 
fixed  a  day  for  a  general  demonstration  of  joy  over  the  victory  of  Polk  and 
Dallas.  The  headquarters  were  still  at  the  United  States  Hotel,  kept  by  John 
A.  Scott.  There  were  at  that  time  an  old  six-pound  cannon,  that  had  been 
used  during  the  militia  muster  days  by  an  artillery  company  at  Cambridge. 
This  cannon  was  common  property,  and  was  used  on  public  occasions  of  re- 
joicing by  the  citizens.  At  a  jollification  by  the  Democrats  in  1842,  over  the 
election  of  Wilson  Shannon  as  governor,  some  Whig  succeeded  during  the 
excitement  in  spiking  the  cannon,  which  stopped  that  part  of  the  program. 


This  spike,  a  rat-tail  file,  was  afterward  drilled  out  by  A.  W.  Beatty,  Esq., 
who  claimed  that  a  war  with  England  was  in  the  air,  and  that  the  cannon 
must  be  made  ready  for  the  defense  of  our  frontier  from  northern  invasion. 
At  the  demonstration  in  1844,  the  cannon  had  been  kept  under  guard  for 
several  days  by  the  Democrats,  for  fear  the  Whigs  would  play  the  1842  game 
again.  It  was  hauled  into  the  field,  now  Gaston  addition,  and  unlimbered 
and  made  ready  for  use.  Its  boom,  reverberating  up  and  down  Wills  creek, 
announced  the  Democratic  victory.  As  the  firing  went  on,  the  enthusiastic 
cannoneer  became  more  jubilant,  and  kept  increasing  the  charges  as  the  num- 
ber of  Democratic  states  were  one  by  one  counted  in  the  victor's  boom.  When 
it  came  the  time  to  give  the  boom  for  Tennessee,  the  home  of  the  President- 
elect, the  cannoneer  put  in  an  extra  heavy  charge,  ramming  it  down  well  with 
wads  of  dog  fennel.  Just  before  the  match  was  to  be.  applied,  a  cry  of  "fight" 
was  heard,  and  the  crowd  hurried  to  the  fight,  leaving  the  cannoneer  in  charge. 
The  match  was  applied,  and  the  old  cannon  gave  its  last  boom.  The  frag- 
ments of  the  cannon  and  carriage  filled  the  air,  flying  in  every  direction.  Alvin 
Maxfield,  the  cannoneer,  reaching  over  one  of  the  wheels  to  apply  the  torch, 
was  unhurt,  although  the  wheels  were  torn  to  splinters  and  the  tire  thrown 
hundreds  of  feet  away.  The  fight  drew  the  crowd  away  from  the  cannon, 
and  no  doubt  saved  many  from  being  killed  or  wounded.  The  fight  was  not  a 
political  one,  although  the  parties  were  a  Whig  and  a  Democrat.  Walter  Carr 
and  John  Clark  were  the  belligerents.  Carr  was  a  shoemaker,  and  Clark 
charged  him  with  taking  some  of  his  leather  he  had  left  at  his  shop.  The 
fight  Was  one  of  advance  and  retreat,  chasing  each  other  up  and  down  the 
alley,  consuming  a  good  deal  of  time  and  creating  a  good  deal  of  fun  for  the 
onlookers,  but  there  was  no  blood  drawn,  or  blows  struck,  except  beating  the 
air.     It  was  a  war  of  words  and  feints. 


The  author  published  in  the  Cambridge  Times  in  1896,  the  following 
concerning  early  flag-poles  in  this  county,  and  the  same  will  be  here  repro- 
duced : 

The  first  political  flag  pole  raised  within  the  memory  of  the  writer  was 
in  1838  by  the  Democratic  party.  From  the  top  of  this  pole  floated  to  the 
breeze  a  banner  inscribed,  "Wilson  Shannon  and  Bank  Reform."  This  pole 
was  a  hickory,  and  the  top  branches  were  left  on  it.  It  was  perhaps  fifty  or 
sixty  feet  high.  It  was  located  in  the  public  square,  east  of  the  present 
Shaffner  block.     The  pole  raising  was  fixed  for  Saturday,  and  a  general  call 



was  issued  for  the  Democrats  of  the  county  to  be  present  and  give  a  lift  for 
Democracy  and  "sound  money."  After  the  pole  was  raised  the  crowd  was 
addressed  by  the  Hon.  Isaac  Parrish,  candidate  for  Congress,  and  Doctor 
Drake,  an  Irish  stump  orator  from  Zanesville,  Ohio.  He  was  known  as  the 
progressive  Democrat,  as  one  of  his  chosen  sentences  in  all  his  speeches  was, 
"Democracy  is  Progressin'."  Somebody  had  attempted  to  paint  on  the  flag 
an  eagle  in  flight.  The  Whigs  pronounced  it  a  turkey  buzzard,  the  carrion 
bird,  fit  to  represent  the  rottenness  of  Wilson  Shannon  and  "Bank  Reform." 
These  were  the  days  of  bitter  political  battles,  and  neither  party  was  very 
choice  in  words.  When  the  Democrats  of  Cambridge  arose  on  Sunday  morn- 
ing, expecting  to  see  their  proud  banner  of  reform  floating  on  the  quiet 
zephyrs  of  the  day  of  rest,  their  dismay  was  unbounded  when  they  beheld  their 
pole  bored  down,  and  their  banner  trailing  against  the  side  of  the  Shaffner 
house  opposite.  Some  Whigs  in  stealth  and  darkness,  beyond  the  "wee  sma' 
hours  ayont  the  twath,"  had  laid  low  the  buzzard  and  reform. 

The  next  pole  raising  was  by  the  Whigs  in  1840.  A  large  poplar  pole, 
more  than  one  hundred  feet  high,  was  prepared,  and  a  call  issued  for  the 
Whigs  of  the  county  to  assemble  at  Cambridge,  Ohio,  on  the  day  fixed,  to 
give  a  "lift  at  the  Tippecanoe  pole  raising."  The  place  selected  was  in  front 
of  the  old  court  house.  The  hole  in  "which  the  pole  was  to  be  planted  was  dug 
the  night  before  by  Alfred  H.  Tingle,  father  of  Alfred  H.,  the  McKinley 
Club  chairman  of  Cambridge.  This  hole  was  guarded  through  the  night  for 
fear  some  Democrats  would  fill  it  up,  and  the  pole  was  under  like  guard  for 
fear  the  Democrats  would  cut  it  up.  When  morning  came,  load  after  load 
of  Whigs  came  in,  singing  the  old  rally  song  of  the  22d  of  February  -con- 
vention : 

"We  marched  through  the  streets  of  Columbus, 
And  bravely  we  trod  the  mud  through, 

But  none  of  us  cared  for  the  weather, 
True  soldiers  of  Tippecanoe." 

At  the  appointed  hour  the  pole  began  to  rise.  A  block  and  tackle  was 
made  secure  to  a  strong  beam  across  the  north  door,  and  another  was  secured 
to  the  south  door,  to  carry  the  rope  when  the  latter  was  properly  adjusted  to 
the  pole,  the  slack  being  to  the  south.  At  the  word  of  command,  given  by 
Gen.  James  M.  Bell,  the  hundreds  of  stalwart  Whigs,  arranged  two  and  two 
along  the  rope,  moved  toward  the  south,  and  with  the  aid  of  pike  poles,  forks 
and  guy  ropes,  the  pole  soon  stood  erect.  With  pulleys  and  cord,  the  banner, 
with  the  names  of  Harrison  and  Tyler,  was  soon  flapping  to  the  breeze,  and 


above  all,  from  a  long  streamer  made  out  of  American  silk,  floated,  "Protec- 
tion to  American  Manufacturers."  Speeches  were  made  by  General  Bell, 
Major  Evans,  Samuel  and  John  Lindsey,  William  Lindsey,  St.,  Moses  Sar- 
chet,  Colonel  Lofland,  Matthew  Thompson,  and  others  sang: 

"What  has  caused  this  great  commotion, 

Motion  our  country  through? 

Is  it  the  ball  a  rolling  on 

For  Tippecanoe  and  Tyler  too  ? 

And  with  them  we'll  beat  little  Van, 

Van,  Van,  is  a  used  up  man." 

John  Lindsey  had  charge  of  the  flag,  and  on  nice  days  the  flag  was  flung 
to  the  breeze.  And  when  September  came,  and  Vermont  voted,  the  banner 
went  up.  When  "Maine  went  h — 1  bent  for  Governor  Kent,"  the  banner  went 
up.  But  there  came  a  time  before  the  November  election  when  the  banner 
didn't  go  up.  Some  Democrats,  in  retaliation  on  the  Whigs  of  1838,  cut  the 
flag  rope  and  stole  it  away.  And  "Tippecanoe  and  Tyler  too"  went  up  no 
more.     But  Harrison  and  protection  triumphed  at  the  election  just  the  same. 


The  political  complexion  in  Guernsey  during  the  Civil  war  period  is  best 
told  by  the  following  Republican  majorities: 

In  1862.  the  state  ticket  of  this  party  was  carried  by  156  majority;  in 
1863,  by  597;  in  1864,  by  706;  in  1865,  by  650,  and  in  1866,  by  a  majority 
of  790. 

In  1859,  the  vote  on  governor  in  Guernsey  county  stood:  Rufus  P. 
Ranney  (Democratic  candidate),  1.663;  William  Dennison  (Republican), 
2,103;  totai<  3./66. 

In  1861,  David  Tod  (Republican)  was  the  recipient  of  2.262  votes  as 
against  Hugh  J.  Jewett,  1.968. 

In  1863,  C.  L.  Vallandigham  (Democratic)  was  the  defeated  in  this  county 
by  more  than  one  thousand  votes,  John  Brough  being  the  Republican  nominee. 

In  1865,  Jacob  D.  Cox  (Republican)  received  2,503  votes,  as  against 
George  W.  Morgan  (Democratic  nominee  for  governor),   1,853. 

In  1867,  Allen  G.  Thurman  (Democrat)  received  2,052  votes,  while 
Rutherford  Hayes  (Republican)  received  2,549  votes. 

In  1868,  U.  S.  Grant  received  2,743  votes  as  against  1,949  for  Horatio 
Sevmour  for  President,  Grant  beina:  elected. 


A  VISIT  TO   m'kINI.EY. 

The  following  is  extracted  from  the  Cambridge  Times  of  August  6. 

Friday,  July  31,  1896,  was  the  day  set  by  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Repub- 
lic post  of  Cambridge  to  pay  a  visit  to  ex-Governor  McKinley  at  his  home  in 
Canton.  The  day  dawned  bright  and  clear,  and  about  two  hundred  and 
twenty-five  ladies  and  gentlemen  boarded  the  train,  and  others  joined  them 
throughout  the  county.  The  visitors  were  met  at  the  depot  by  a  reception 
committee,  a  squad  of  Canton  troops,  members  of  George  D.  Harter  and  Can- 
ton Posts,  and  the  McKinley  Drum  Corps,  and  were  escorted  to  the  McKin- 
ley home.  After  well-rendered  selections  by  the  United  Order  of  American 
Musicians,  Band  of  Cambridge,  H.  S.  Moses,  commander  of  George  D.  Har- 
ter Post  of  Canton,  introduced  Col.  J.  D.  Taylor  to  Major  McKinley  as  the 
spokesman  for  the  delegation. 

After  an  appropriate  and  stirring  speech  by  Colonel  Taylor,  Rev.  W.  H. 
McFarland,  chaplain  of  the  Ninety-seventh  Regiment  Ohio  Volunteer  In- 
fantry, spoke  briefly.  There  was  vociferous  and  hearty  cheering  as  Mr.  Mc- 
Kinley rose  and  spoke  as  follows : 

"Col.  Taylor,  Doctor  McFarland,  My  Comrades  and  Fellow  Citizens : 
It  gives  me  great  gratification  to  receive  this  call  from  my  old  friends  and 
neighbors  and  fellow  citizens  of  Guernsey  county.  I  have  made  many  visits 
to  your  county  in  years  gone  by,  and  know  most  of  you  personally.  I  know 
something  of  the  quality  of  your  population.  I  know  something  of  the  spirit 
of  your  people.  I  know  something  of  your  loyalty  and  devotion  to  the  Union 
in  war,  and  I  know  much  of  your  loyalty  and  devotion  to  patriotism  and  good 
government  in  peace  [cheers]  and  knowing  you  as  well  as  I  do  know  you,  I 
am  certain  that  neither  flood  nor  fire  would  stop  you  from  doing  what  you 
proposed  to  do.      [Laughter  and  applause.] 

"I  am  glad  to  meet  the  representatives  of  labor  who  are  assembled  here 
this  morning.  I  congratulate  them  upon  the  advance  that  has  been  made  in 
the  tin-plate  industry,  to  which  Colonel  Taylor  has  referred.  I  am  glad  to 
know  that  Republican  legislation  gave  to  this  country  an  industry  that  gives 
work  and  wages  to  American  workingmen.  and  brings  happiness  to  American 
homes.      [Great  cheers  and  applause.] 

"I  am  glad,  my  fellow-citizens,  to  meet  my  old  comrades  of  the  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic  [applause],  my  comrades  of  thirty-five  years  ago,  for 
the  war  commenced  thirty-five  years  ago,  and  it  is  nearly  thirty-two  years 
since  its  close.     It  seems  not  so  long,  nor  so  far  away,  but  as  I  look  into  the 


faces  of  the  old  soldiers  before  me  today,  I  see  that  age  is  stamping  its  lines 
of  care  upon  them.  Their  step  is  no  longer  as  firm  and  as  steady  as  it  was 
thirty-five  years  ago,  but  their  hearts  are  just  as  loyal  to  the  old  flag  of  the 
Union.  [Tremendous  cheering.]  And  they  are  just  as  loyal  to  national 
honor  today,  as  they  were  loyal  to  national  unity  then.  [Applause.]  When 
the  war  closed,  there  were  two  great  debts  resting  upon  this  government. 
One  was  the  debt  due  to  the  men  who  had  loaned  the  government  money  with 
which  to  carry  on  its  military  operations.  The  other  debt  was  due  to  the  men 
who  had  willingly  offered  their  lives  for  the  preservation  of  the  American 
union.  [Cheers.]  The  old  soldiers  waited  on  their  pensions  until  this  great 
debt  of  the  government  was  well  out  of  the  way.  They  waited  patiently  until 
the  government  of  the  United  States  had  reduced  nearly  two-thirds  of  that 
great  money  debt.  The  old  soldiers  were  never  in  favor  of  repudiating  that 
debt.  [Applause.]  They  wanted  every  dollar  of  the  debt  paid  in  the  best 
coin  known  to  the  commercial  world  [great  applause]  and  every  dollar  of 
that  debt  up  to  this  hour  has  been  paid  in  gold  or  its  equivalent,  the  best  recog- 
nized money  in  the  world  [cheers],  and  every  dollar  of  that  debt,  my  com- 
rades, yet  to  be  paid,  will  be  paid  in  the  same  unquestioned  coin.  [Tremen- 
dous cheering.]  Most  of  that  debt  is  out  of  the  way.  The  great  debt  of  this 
government  now  is  to  the  surviving  soldiers  of  the  republic.  [Applause.] 
There  are  nine  hundred  and  seventy  thousand  pensioners  on  the  honored  pen- 
sion roll  of  this  government  today,  and  the  government  pays  out  of  its  public 
treasury  in  pensions  over  one  hundred  and  forty  million  dollars  every  year  to 
the  soldiers  and  sailors,  their  widows  and  their  orphans.  Every  dollar  of  that 
debt  must  be  paid  in  the  best  currency  and  coin  of  the  world.  [Great  cheers, 
and  cries  of  "The  Republican  party  will  see  to  that."]  There  is  nobody  more 
interested  in  maintaining  a  sound  and  stable  currency  than  the  old  soldiers  of 
the  Republic  [applause,  and  cries  of  "You  are  right,  Major"],  their  widows 
and  their  orphans.  Your  old  commander,  General  Grant  [applause],  whose 
memory  is  cherished  by  all  of  you,  performed  two  great  and  conspicuous  acts 
while  President  of  the  United  States,  one  vetoing  the  inflation  bill,  that  would 
have  cast  us  upon  a  sea  of  depreciated  currency,  and  the  other  was  the  sign- 
ing of  the  act  for  the  resumption  of  specie  payments  that  placed  every  dollar 
of  money  upon  the  sound  foundation  of  financial  honor  and  unquestioned  na- 
tional honesty." 

The  applause  following  these  remarks  was  overpowering.  Imbued  with 
emotion,  his  hearers  cheered  lustily,  and  broke  into  cries  of  "You  are  right, 
you  are  right !" 


CI'EKXSEY    ail'XTV,    OHIO. 

In  conclusion.  Mr.  McKinley  said  : 

"I  thank  you.  my  fellow-citizens,  for  this  call,  so  expressive  of  your 
good  will  and  congratulations,  and  assure  you  that  it  will  afford  me  much 
pleasure  to  meet  each  one  of  you  personally."      [Applause  and  cheers.] 

The  train  arrived  in  Cambridge  at  8.30  P.  M.,  every  one  delighted  with 
the  pleasant  visit. 


With  the  passing  of  the  decades,  the  voters  of  Guernsey  county  have  fre- 
quently been  called  upon  to  express  their  views  at  the  polls  regarding  the 
question  of  selling  or  allowing  the  sale  of  intoxicating  liquors  within  the 
county.  Among  such  elections  may  be  named  the  following:  In  1851,  a 
vote  was  taken  to  determine  whether  a  state  constitutional  amendment  should 
be  added,  prohibiting  the  sale  of  liquors.  In  Guernsey  county  the  vote  was, 
for  license,  one  thousand  two  hundred  and  ninety-eight;  against  license,  one 
thousand  seven  hundred  and  twelve.  The  majority  in  all  the  townships  was 
one  hundred  and  nineteen  for  license;  five  hundred  and  thirty-three  against 
license.     Temperance  was  not  popular  then. 

In  1883  the  sentiment  had  materially  changed  and  there  was  a  total  vote 
of  four  thousand  two  hundred  and  three  for  prohibition  in  the  county.  In 
1894  there  were  four  hundred  and  sixteen  votes  cast  for  the  temperance  candi- 
date for  President  of  the  United  States,  out  of  a  grand  total  of  six  thousand 
votes  cast  in  the  county. 

The  issue  was  up  again  throughout  the  state  in  1908,  when  Guernsey 
county  voted  "dry"  by  a  vote  in  October  that  year,  of  two  thousand  one  hun- 
dred and  forty-five  to  one  thousand  three  hundred  seventy-five  "wet,"  since 
which  time  the  county  has  been  practically  saloonless. 

Ohio  has  furnished  her  share  of  Presidents  of  the  United  States.  From 
this  commonwealth  have  come  the  following  men  who  were  born  here  and 
finally  elected  to  the  highest  office  within  the  gift  of  the  people:  William 
Henry  Harrison,  Benjamin  Harrison  (grandson).  William  McKinley,  Jr., 
Rutherford  B.  Hayes,  James  A.  Garfield  and  General  U.  S.  Grant.  All  but 
Grant  and  Harrison  were  citizens  of  Ohio  at  the  time  thev  were  elected. 

Of  the  delegates  who  helped  frame  the  various  state  constitutions  of 
Ohio,  William  Lawrence  and  Robert  Leech  came  from  Guernsey  county  and 
assisted  in  the  making  of  the  1850-51  constitution,  while  Hon.  Charles  J.  Al- 
bright was  a  delegate  to  the  convention  forming  the  third  Ohio  constitution 
of  1872. 

(ii  Kk.xsKV  riii'Mv,  oino. 


i -k ]■:-!  i >i: x  riAi.  \<>i  k. 

1832 — Andrew  Jackson 


William       Wirt.      Ant 



1836 — William  H.  Harrison.  . 


Martin  Van  Buren 


1840 — Martin  Van  Buren   .  .  . 


William  H.  Harrison.  . 


J.  G.  Birney  (Abol.)  .  . 

•       13 

1844 — (No  vote  found) 

1848 — (No  vote  found) 

1852 — (No  vote  found) 

1856 — (No  vote  found) 

i860 — (No  vote  found) 

1864 — (No  vote  found) 

1868— U.  S.  Grant  (R) 


Horatio  Seymour  (D) . 


1872— U.  S.  Grant  (R) 


Horace  Greeley   (D)  .  . 


Jeremiah  Black 

.       11 

1876— R.  B.  Hayes  (R) 3,106 

Samuel  J.  Tildcn  (D)  .  .2,460 
1880— James  A.  Garfield  (R)  .  .3,118 

W.  S.  Hancock  (D).  ..2,568 

J.  B.  Weaver  (Gbk.)  .  .  .       26 

Neal  Dow  (Temp.) 36 

1884 — James  G.  Blaine 

Grover  Cleveland   (elected) 
1888 — Benjamin  Harrison    (elected) 

Grover  Cleveland 
1892 — Grover  Cleveland  (elected) 

Benjamin  Harrison 
1890 — William  McKinley  (elected) 

William  J.  Bryan 
1900 — William  McKinley  (elected) 

William  J.  Bryan 
1904 — Theodore  Roosevelt  (elected) 

Alton  J.  Parker 
1908— William  H.  Taft  (elected) 

William  J.  Bryan 


1810 — Return  J.  Meigs 204 

Thomas  Worthington  .  .  31 

1812 — Return  J.  Meigs 183 

Thomas  Scott    143 

1814 — Thomas  Worthington  .  .  329 

O.  Looker 19 

1 816 — Thomas  Worthington  .  .  483 

James  Dunlap   179 

1818 — Eathan  A.  Brown 574 

James  Dunlap   186 

1820 — Eathan  A.  Brown 364 

Jeremiah  Morrow 382 

1822 — Jeremiah  Morrow 765 

Allen  Trimble   244 

824 — Jeremiah  Morrow  .... 


Allen  Trimble    


826— Allen  Trimble    



Alexander  Campbell   .  . 

828— Allen  Trimble    


John  W.  Campbell  .... 


830 — Duncan  McArthur  (Wl 




Robert  Lucas  (D) .  .  .  . 

834 — Robert  Lucas  (D) 


James  Findley  (Whig) 


838— Wilson  Shannon  (D) .  . 


Joseph  Vance  (Whig) . 



1840 — Wilson  Shannon  (D)..2,326 
Thomas  Corwin  (Whig) 2,6 17 

1842 — Wilson  Shannon  (D)  .  .  2,387 
Leicester  Kink  (Abol)  .  .  85 
Thomas  Corwin  (Whig) 2,388 

1844 — Mordecai  Bartley  (Whig) 


David  Tod  (D) 2,651 

L.  King  (Abol)  277 

1846— William  Bebb  (Whig)  .  .2,414 

David  Tod  (D) 2,421 

Samuel  Lewis  (Abol)  .  .     378 

1848— John  B.  Weller  (D)  .  .  .  .2,569 
Seabury  Ford  (Whig)  .  .2,525 

1850 — Reuben  Wood  (D) 2,269 

William  Johnson  (Whig) 


Edward  Smith  (Abol)..    299 

1851— R.  Wood  (D) 1,671 

Sam  F.  Vinton  (Whig)  .  1,796 
Sam  Lewis  (Abol) 238 

1853— William  Medill  (D)  . . .  .  1,500 
Nelson  Barere  (Whig)  .  1,4 14 
Sam  Lewis  (Abol) 633 

1855— William  Medill  (D)  .. .  .  1,361 
Salmon  P.  Chase  (R)  .  .  1,893 
Allen    Trimble    ( Know- 
nothing)    130 

1857 — Henry  B.  Payne  (D)  ...  1,793 
Salmon  P.  Chase  (R)  ..  1,911 
P.  Van  Trump   (Know- 
nothing)    65 

1859— R.  P.  Raney  (D) 1,663 

William  Dennison   (R). 2,103 
1861—  Hugh  J.  Jewett  (D)  .  .  .  1,968 

David  Tod  (R) 2,262 

1863— C.  L.  Vallandigham  (D) 


John  Brough  (R)   2,929 

1865— George  W.  Morgan  (D)  .  1,853 

Jacob  D.  Cox  (R) 2,503 

1867— Allen  G.  Thurman  (D). 2,052 

R.  B.  Hayes  (R) 2,549 

1869— George  H.  Pendelton  (D) 


R.  B.  Hayes  (R) 2,380 

1 87 1— George  W.  McCook  (0)1,831 

Edward  F.  Noyes  (R)  .  .2,417 
1873 — William  Allen  (D) 1,799 

Edward  F.  Noyes  (R)  .  .2,156 
(  Xo  returns  for  balance  of  governors) 
1874— William  Allen 
1876 — Rutherford  B.  Hayes 
1878— T.  L.  Young 
1880 — Charles  Foster 
1884 — George  Hoadley 
1886— J.  B.  Foraker 
1890 — William  McKinley,  Jr. 
1896 — Asa  Bushnell 
1900 — G.  K.  Nash 
1904— M.  T.  Herrick 
1906 — J.  M.  Patterson 
1908 — Judson  Harmon 
19 10 — Judson  Harmon 


From  1803  to  181 3  Ohio  was  represented  in  the  Congressional  House 
of  Representatives  by  Jeremiah  Morrow,  of  Warren  county,  who  from  1813 
to  1819  was  one  of  the  senators  of  the  state  in  Congress;  from  1822  to  1824 
he  was  governor  of  Ohio.  The  members  of  Congress  representing  Guern- 
sey county  from  1810  are  shown  by  the  subjoined  table: 


1809-13,  Jeremiah  Morrow,  of  Warren  county. 
1813-17,  James  Caldwell,  of  Belmont  county. 
1817-21,  Samuel  Herrick,  of  Muskingum  county. 
1821-23,  John  C.  Wright,  of  Jefferson  county. 
1823-25,  John  Patterson,  of  Belmont  county. 
1825-27,  David  Jennings,  of  Belmont  county. 
1827-29,  John  Davenport,  of  Belmont  county. 
1829-33,  William  Kennon,  of  Belmont  county. 
1833-35,  James  M.  Bell,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1835-37,  William  Kennon,  of  Belmont  county. 
1837-39,  Alexander  Harper,  of  Muskingum  county. 
1839-41,  Isaac  Parrish,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1841-43,  Benjamin  S.  Cowen,  of  Belmont  county. 
1843-45,  Alexander  Harper,  of  Muskingum  county. 
1845-47,  Alexander  Harper,  of  Muskingum  county. 
1847-51,  Nathan  Evans,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1851-53,  Alexander  Harper,  of  Muskingum  county. 
1853-55,  Wilson  Shannon,  of  Belmont  county. 
1855-57,  Charles  J.  Albright,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1857-59,  William  Lawrence,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1859-61,  Thomas  C.  Theaker,  of  Belmont  county. 
1861-63,  James  R.  Morris,  of  Monroe  county. 
1863-65,  Joseph  W.  White,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1865-73,  John  A.  Bingham,  of  Harrison  county. 
1873-77,  Lorenzo  Danford,  of  Belmont  county. 
1877-79.  Gibson  Atherton,  of  Licking  county. 
1879-81,  Jonathan  T.  Updegraff,  of  Jefferson  county. 
1881-83,  J.  D.  Taylor,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1883-85.  J.  T.  Updegraff. 
1885-87,  J.  D.  Taylor,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1887-89,  J.  D.  Taylor,  of  Guernsey  county. 
1889-91,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1(891-93,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1893-95.  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1895-97,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1897-99,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1899-1901.  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1901-03,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 
1903-05,  H.  C.  Van  Voorhis. 


1905-07 — B.  G.  Davis. 
1907-09,  James  Joyce. 
1909-11,  James  Joyce. 

From  the  eleventh  to  the  twenty-second  General  Assembly,  inclusive, 
Guernsey,  Tuscarawas  and  Coshocton  counties  composed  a  senatorial  district. 
From  the  twenty-third  to  the  forty-third  General  Assembly,  Guernsey  and 
Monroe  counties  constituted  a  senatorial  district.  To  the  forty-fourth,  forty- 
fifth,  forty-sixth,  forty-seventh,  forty-eighth  and  forty-ninth  General  As- 
semblies, Guernsey  and  Coshocton  joined  in  electing  senators.  From  the 
fiftieth  General  Assembly,  the  first  under  the  185 1  constitution,  Guernsey  and 
Monroe  have  composed  a  senatorial  district. 

Guernsey  county  first  obtained  a  separate  representation  in  the  lower 
House  in  181 2.  At  present  Guernsey  county  is  within  the  nineteenth  senator- 
ial district,  while  it  is  within  the  fifteenth  congressional  district  of  Ohio. 


Under  the  constitution  of  1802,  representatives  to  the  Ohio  General  As- 
sembly were  chosen  annually,  at  the  October  election.  Senators  were  elected 
for  the  term  of  two  years.  The  present  (1851)  constitution  provides  for  an 
election  of  members  of  the  Legislature  every  two  years,  senators  and  repre- 
sentatives being  elected  at  the  same  time  and  for  the  same  length  of  term. 

In  the  ninth  General  Assembly  of  Ohio,  which  convened  at  Zanesville  in 
December,  1810,  being  the  first  session  held  after  the  organization  of  Guern- 
sey county,  it  was  represented,  with  Muskingum  and  Tuscarawas,  by  Robert 
McConnell  in  the  Senate,  and  George  Jackson  and  David  J.  Marple,  in  the 
House  of  Representatives. 

Senators.  Representatives. 

181 1 — Robert  McConnell   George  Jackson 

William  Frame 

1 81 2 — Ephraim  Sears  Zaccheus  A.  Beatty 

18 1 3 — Joseph  Wampler Thomas  Henderson 

1 8 14 — Joseph  Wampler    Thomas  Henderson 

1 81 5 — Abraham  Shane Thomas  Henderson 

1816 — Abraham  Shane Cyrus  P.  Beatty 

1(817— David  Robb   Cyrus  P.  Beatty 

1818 — David  Robb   Thomas  Hanna 

18 19 — David  Robb Isaac  Grummond 


1820 — David  Robb Isaac  Griimmond 

182 1 — Wilson,  McGowan Lloyd  Talbott 

1822 — Wilson  McGowan   Isaac  Grummond 

1823 — Zaccheus  A.  Beatty Isaac  Grummond 

1824 — Zaccheus  A.  Beatty Thomas  Hanna 

1825 — Thomas  Hanna   William  Thompson 

1 826— Thomas  Hanna    James  M.  Bell 

1827— David  Robb    James  M.  Bell 

1828— David  M.  Robb  James  M.  Bell 

1829 — Thomas   Weston    James  M.  Bell 

183a— Thomas  Weston James  M.  Bell 

183 1 — Robert  Thompson    David  Tullis 

1832 — Robert  Thompson    Samuel  Bigger 

1833 — Isaac  Atkinson   Samuel  Bigger 

1834 — Isaac  Atkinson   John  Craig 

1835— William  Scott    Joel  F.  Martin 

1836 — William  Scott Samuel  Bigger 

1837 — William  C.  Walton   Isaac  Parrish 

1838— William  C.  Walton   Joel  F.  Martin 

1839— William  Scott Robert  B.  Moore 

1840 — William  Scott William  Israel 

1 84 1 — William  C.  Walton   Turner  G.  Brown 

1842 — William  C.  Walton   William  Douglas 

1843 — William  Armstrong William  Lawrence 

1844 — William  Armstrong William  Skinner 

Jesse  Meredith 

1845 — French  W.  Thornhill Thomas  W.  Tipton 

1846 — French  W.  Thornhill    Xewell  Kennon 

1847;;— Peter  B.  Ankeny   William  Morrow 

1848 — Peter  B.  Ankeny   William  Morrow 

1849 — Andrew  Ferguson   Mathew  Gaston 

Hugh  McNeely 
1850 — Andrew  Ferguson    Alexander  Mitchell 

James  J.  Grimes 

1852 — John  Ferguson   Andrew  Patterson 

1854 — Western  C.  Sinclair Thomas  Oldham 

1856 — William  Lawrence   Robert  Campbell 

Abraham  Simmons 
1858 — Marshall  Morrow Hugh  Broom 

Francis  Rea 


i860 — Stephen  Potts James  W.  Watt 

1862 — John  D.  O'Connor Joseph  Ferrill 

1864 — John  D.  O'Connor Joseph  Ferrill 

1866 — Robert  Savage   John  T.  Clark 

1868 — William  Lawrence Ross  W.  Anderson 

1870 — James  O.  Amos Ross  W.  Anderson 

1872 — James  O.  Amos   Abraham  Armstrong 

1874 — John  W.  Laughlin Abraham  Armstrong 

1876 — J.  B.  Williams  Thomas  S.  Luccock 

1878 — J.  B.  Williams  Thomas  S.  Luccock 

1880 — Frank  Atkinson  Roland  S.  Frame 

1882 — Charles  P.  Simons Roland  S.  Frame 

il886 — William  Lawrence William  E.  Bowden 

1888— D.  H.  Mortly D.  D.  Taylor 

1890— J.  L.  Meyers D.  D.  Taylor 

1898 — David  H.  Mortly James  Joyce 

1900 — J.  L.  Meyers W.  L.  Simpson 

1902 — J.  E.  Hurst W.  L.  Simpson 

1904 — Alex.  Smith   F.  T.  Eagelson 

1906 — J.  P.  Mahaffey F.  T.  Eagelson 

1908 — J.  P.  Mahaffey John  McCreary 

1910 Thomas  A.  Bonnell 


The  first  county  treasurer  was  John  Beatty.     The  records  show  the  fol- 
lowing to  have  been  elected  in  the  years  following  1818: 

1 819 — John  Beatty  1845 — William  Abell 

1822— George  R.  Tingle  1847— William  Abell 

1824— L.  Talbott  1849— T.  Arneel 

1827 — Ebenezer  Smith  185 1 — T.  Arneel 

1829 — George  Metcalf  1853 — Stephen  Potts 

1 83 1— Hamilton  Robb  1855— Stephen  Potts 

1833 — Hamilton  Robb  1857 — William  Borton 

1837 — Hamilton  Robb  i860 — Joshua  Gregg 

1839 — William  Ferguson  1865 — T.  M.  Johnson 

1841 — N.  Kennon  1866 — T.  M.  Johnson 

1843 — N.  Kennon  1867 — W.  A.  Lawrence 

CI   KKNSI-'V     ( "I  1 1  •  N  I  Y 

1869 — W.  A.  Lawrence 
1871 — James  H.  Hatton 
1872— John  Gregg 
1873 — James  H.  Hatton 
1875 — John  D.  Patterson 
1877 — John  D.  Patterson 
1878— J.  S.  Wilkins 
1880— J.  S.  Wilkins 
1882— John  E.  Sankey 
1884— John  E.  Sankey 
1886— Milton  Turner 

1888— John  O.  Couplin 
1890 — John  O.  Couplin 
1892 — John  A.  Bliss 
1894 — John  A.  Bliss 
1896— T.  M.  Bond 
1898— T.  M.  Bond 
1900 — R.  B.  Acheson 
1902 — R.  B.  Acheson 
1904 — Jacob  A.  LaFollett 
190S — L.  S.  Linkhorn 
1910 — L.  S.  Linkhorn 

1 810— Thomas  Knowles 
1825— William  Allison 
1826— Adam  Clarke 
1828— Adam  Clarke 
1830 — Andrew  Metcalf 
1832 — Andrew  Metcalf 
1834 — John  Beymer 
1838 — Joseph  Bute 
1840 — -John  Beymer 
1842 — John  Beymer 

1 844 Needham 



1 850—  L.  Birch 
1852— L.  Burns 
1854 — L.  Burris 
1856 — Mathew  B.  Casey 
1858— Mathew  B.  Casey 
i860 — Alexander  Johnston 
1862 — Alexander  Johnston 
1864 — William  Stewart 
1868— William  B.  Barnett 

1870 — William  B.  Barnett 
1 S72— William  H.  Hanna 
1874— William  P.  Hartley 
1876— William  McKitrick 
1878— William  McKitrick 
1880— John  N.  McGill 
1882— John  McGill 
1884— Hugh  McDonald 
1886— Hugh  McDonald 
1888— William  H.  C.  Hanna 
1890— William  H.  C.  Hanna 

1892 Mason 

1894 — John  C.  McMillen 
1896— John  C.  McMillen 
1898— J.  B.  Dollison 
1900 — J.  B.  Dollison 
1902 — Ira  H.  Watson 
1904 — Ira  H.  Watson 
1906 — H.  K.  Moore 
1908 — H.  K.  Moore 
19 10 — J.  S.  Berry 




From  imperfect  records  of  elections  the  following  is  as  near  a  list  of 
clerks  as  can  now  be  clearly  given  (C.  P.  Beatty  was  first)  : 

1851— W.  M.  Farrar  1890— Alfred  Weeden 

1854 — W.  M.  Farrar  1893 — Henry  M.  Dungan 

1857— Thomas  Lanfesty  1895— A.  B.  Hall 

1875 — Robert  Hammond  1898 — A.  B.  Hall 

1878— J.  P.  Mahaffey  1901— Andrew  J.  Linn 

1 88 1 — James  R.  Barr  1904 — Andrew  J.  Linn 

1884 — James  R.  Barr  1907 — Elza  D.  Trott 

1887— Alfred  Weeden  1910— Elza  D.  Trott 

Cyrus  P.  Beatty.  Zaccheus  P.  Beatty,  Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  Moses  Sarchet, 
Thomas  W.  Peacock  and  George  McLaran,  served  up  to  185 1,  in  this  order 
of  succession. 

In  the  olden  days  in  this  county,  the  following  was  the  court  crier's  an- 
nouncement : 

"Hear  ye,  hear  ye,  hear  ye,  all  manner  of  persons  who  sue  or  implead, 
or  stand  bound  by  recognizance,  or  have  otherwise  to  do  before  the  honor- 
able court  of  common  pleas  of  Guernsey  county,  let  them  draw  near,  give 
their  attendance  and  they  shall  be  heard,  for  this  court  is  now  open.  God 
save  the  state!" 

ASSOCIATE  JUDGES  FROM    l8lO  TO   1851. 

Jacob  Gomber,  Robert  Spears,  Thomas  B.  Kirkpatrick,  William  Frame, 
James  Leeper,  Thomas  Henderson,  Elijah  Bealle,  George  Metcalf,  David 
Tullis,  William  Skinner,  Turner  G.  Brown,  William  Thompson,  Stewart 
Speer,  Joseph  D.  Tingle,  Robert  Marshall,  Robert  Reed,  Zadock  Davis. 

These  associate  judges  were  elected  for  a  term  of  seven  years. 


Beginning  with  1824,  the  auditors  of  Guernsey  county  have  been  as  fol- 
lows : 

1824 — Robert  A.  Moore  1832 — Robert  B.  Moore 

1826 — Robert  B.  Moore  1834 — Robert  B.  Moore 



1838— John  Hersh 
1840— John  Hersh 
1842 — John  Hersh 
1844 — A.  Armstrong 
1846 — A.  Armstrong 
1848— William  Endley 

1850 Ruth 

1852 Ruth 

1854 — William  Endley 
1856 — Joseph  D.  Tingle 
1859 — J.  M.  Carson 
1862 — Francis  Hammond 
1864 — Francis  Hammond 
1866 — Francis  Hammond 
1 868— A.  A.  Taylor 
1870 — Francis  Hammond 
1872 — Francis  Hammond 
1874 — J.  K.  Brown 

1 876— J.  K.  Brown 
1877— W.  E.  Bowden 
1878— W.  E.  Bowden 
1880— John  C.  Beckett 
1882— John  C.  Beckett 
1884— John  C.  Beckett 
1886 — Thomas  Smith 
1888— Thomas  Smith 
1890— J.  E.  McClelland 
1896— William  P.  De  Hart 
1899— William  P.  De  Hart 
1902 — William  P.  De  Hart 
1902 — Daniel  A.  Wallace 
1908 — Daniel  A.  Wallace 
1906 — Daniel  A.  Wallace 
1908—  W.  D.  Deselm 
19 10 — W.  D.  Deselm 


The  first  recorder  was  Robert  Johnson. 

1834 — John  Ferguson 
1837— Jacob  G.  Metcalf 
1840 — William  Smith 
1843— William  Smith 
1846 — C.  Armor 
1849 — C.  Armor 
1852 — Moses  Marsh 
1856 — Moses  Marsh 
1864— Moses  Marsh 
1867— P.  T.  Suitt 
1870—  P.  T.  Suitt 
1873— H.  B.  Huffman 
1876— H.  B.  Huffman 

1879 — Rodolf  Thomas 
1882— Rodolf  Thomas 
1885— J.  K.  Casey 
1888— J.  K.  Casey 
1 89 1— William  F.  Pagett 
1894— William  F.  Pagett 
1897 — John  C.  Crossen 
1900 — John  C.  Crossen 
1903 — F.  P.  Arnold 
1906— F.  P.  Arnold 
1908— C.  S.  Stock-dale 
19 10 — C.  S.  Stockdale 


The  only  election  record  found  of  county  surveyors  in  this  countv  is  the 
following,  but  several  others  have  evidentlv  served : 



1810 — George    Metcalf,    by    appoint- 
1838 — John  Kennon 
1840 — Charles  Carroll 
1850 — Mr.  Dougherty 
1852 — Mr.  Morton 
1862 — J.  Cosgrove 
1865 — J.  Cosgrove 
1868 — David  Thompson 
1 87 1 — Robert  McKahan 

1877 — Robert  McKahan 
1880 — Jonathan  W.  Garber 
1883 — Jonathan  W.  Garber 
1886— Mr.  Hester 
1889— O.  M.  Hoge 
1892— O.  M.  Hoge 
1895— William  B.  Webster 
1898— William  B.  Webster 
1904 — C.  B.  Davis 
1910 — C.  B.  Davis 


1826— William  Scott 
1827 — William  Lowry 
1830 — William  Lowry 
183 1 — William  Robinson 
1832 — Isaac  Parish 
1834 — Robert  Campbell 
1837 — Robert  Reed 
1838 — Samuel  Lawrence 
1839 — A.  Laughlin 
1840 — James  Wharton 
1 84 1 — Samuel  Lawrence 
1842 — Alex  Laughlin 

1843 McMahon 

1844 Mitchell 

1845 Bell 

1849 — J.  Lyons 

1850 — Danford,  Stranathon 

1 85 1 Sankey 

1852 Spear 

1853 Robins 

1854— Robert  Wilkins 
1856— Ben j.  L.  Mead 
1857 — Alexander  McCoy 
1 861 — Henry  McCartney 
1862 — M.  Morton 
1864 — Henry  McCartney 

1865— M.  Morton 
1867 — Henry  McCartney 
1868 — Jonathan  Rose 
1869 — William  Brown 

1870 McCleary 

1873 McCleary 

1874 — Jonathan  Rose 
1875 — Thomas  C.  Mackey 

1876 Reed 

1877 — Pat  Lochary 

1878 Roseman 

1880 — Pat  Lochary 
1 88 1— A.  M.  Nicholson 
1882 — John  Shipman 
1883— J.  B.  Hartley 
1884— A.  W.  Nicholson 
1885 — John  Shipman 
1886— J.  B.  Hartley 
1887 — George  Watson 
1888 — John  Thompson 
1S89— John  T.  Beggs 
1890 — George  Watson 
1 89 1 — John  A.  Thompson 
1892 — John  W.  Graves 
1893 — James  Kaho 
1894 — Samuel  R.  Smith 



1896 — James  Kaho 
1897 — Samuel  R.  Smith 
1898— Jed  Williams 
1900 — Samuel  Smith 
1902 — John  T.  Beggs 
1904 — L.  P.  Moore 

1905 — James  C.  Orr 
1908 — Elias  D.  Stone 
1910 — Elias  D.  Stone 

— Willard  B.  Johnston 
— Lafayette  Temple 

The  ahove  is  not  a  complete  list,  but  as  nearly  so  as  records  of  this  date 


For  many  years  this  office  was  known  as  the  poorhouse  director. 

1842 — John  Barton 

1843 Smith 

1844 Sproat 

1845 Barton 

1849 — J.  Hastings 

1850 Leeper 

1 85 1 — M.  Frame 

1852 Withrow 

1853 ■ Leeper 

1854 — M.  Frame 

Samuel  Dunn 
1856 — Samuel  Dunn 
1857 — Moses  Frame 

(To  1862  no  record) 
1862— M.  Zahnizer 
1864 — John  R.  Forsythe 
1867 — E.  Finley 
1868— S.  Brown 
1869 — William  H.  Hoover 
1870 — E.  Finley 

1871 Cunningham 

1873 — E-  Finley 

1874 — George  A.  Mooney 

1875 — J.  S.  Gander 

1876 Kester 

1877 — James  McClanahan 

1878— J.  S.  Gander 
1 880 — James  McClanahan 
1 88 1— J.  S.  Gander 
1882 — James  B.  Gibson 
1883— Alfred  Skinner 
1884— David  L.  Mackey 
1885 — James  B.  Gibson 

1886 Spencer 

1887 — Isaac  McCullom 
1888— Alex.  Speer 

1889 Spencer 

1890 — John  H.  Robinson 
1 89 1  — Alex.  Speer 
1892— H.  M.  Beymer 
1893 — James  H.  Robinson 
1894 — James  Shaw 
1896— R.  W.  Lowry 
1898 — Samuel  L.  Johnson 
1899— R.  W.  Lowry 
1900 — Robert  Bums 
1902 — John  C.  Anker 
1904 — W.  C.  Leonard 

1905 McCleary 

1908 — A.  G.  Ringer 
1910 — J.  H.  Bond 




The  first  prosecuting  attorney  was  Samuel  Herricks,  at  organizati 

1833 — Isaac  Parrish 
1837— William  W.  Tracy 

1839 Gaston 

1 84 1 — Nathan  Evans 

1843 Ferguson 

1845 White 

1849 — J-  O-  Grimes 

185 1 Skinner 

J853 Buchanan 

1856— John  M.  Bashfield 
1857 — Francis  Creighton 
1 86 1 — Francis  Creighton 

1865 Taylor 

1867— M.  Barnes 
1 87 1 — J.  O.  Grimes 















.  F 

'.  Patterson 



M.  Locke 













1 896 — John 

H.  Locke 













1908— C. 








Among  the  probate  judges  of  this  county  are  these : 

1 85 1 — James  De  Long 
1854 — James  De  Long 
1857 — J.  C.  Ford 
1869— W.  H.  Dougherty 

l&75 Buchanan 

1878 Kennon 

1 88 1— L.  P.  Hossick 

1886— John  H.  Weger 
1890— N.  H.  Barber 
1895— W.  H.  Gregg 
1900 — W.  H.  Gregg 
1905 — H.  W.  Luccock 
1910 — H.  W.  Luccock 


The  first  coroner  of  Guernsey  county  Was  Joseph  Smith,  by  appointment, 
when  the  first  officers  were  selected  at  organization.  From  1822  they  have 
been  these : 

1822 — Thomas  Lenington 
1825 — Thomas  Lenington 
1827 — Otho  Brashear 

1830 — John  Dixon 
1832 — William  Israel 
1834 — Thomas  McCullough 


1838 — Samuel  Marshall 
1840 — Edward  Daugherty 
1842 — David  Needham 

1844 Scott 

1850 Burris 

1852 Johnson 

1854 — Ben.  Cole 

1856 — George  B.  Leeper 

1860— L.  T.  Bonnell 

1862 — Alexander  H.  Milligan 

1864 — John  Leeper 

1 87 1 — Isaac  A.  Oldham 

1873 — William  B.  Rosemond 

1875 — William  B.  Rosemond 

1877 Forsythe 

1878— J.  H.  Sarchet 

1881— J.  H.  Sarchet 
1885— J.  H.  Sarchet 
1887— J.  H.  Sarchet 
1889— J.  H.  Sarchet 
1 89 1— J.  H.  Sarchet 
1893— J-  H.  Sarchet. 
1895 — Ed.  M.  Dougherty 
1897 — Ed.  M.  Dougherty 
1899 — Doctor  Vorhies 
1901 — Doctor  Vorhies 
1903 — W.  B.  Yeo 
1905 — W.  B.  Yeo 
1907 — W.  B.  Yeo 
1909 — A.  G.  Ringer 
1910 — A.  G.  Ringer 



Xo  generation  will  look  back  with  shame  at  the  military  record  of  the 
loyal  old  Buckeye  state.  Her  early  pioneers  were  men  of  undaunted  courage 
and  bravery ;  they  were  the  people  who  saw  the  receding  forms  of  the  savage 
red  men  as  they  bid  a  long  farewell  to  their  vast  and  beautiful  hunting  grounds 
and  wended  their  way  toward  the  setting  sun,  to  far  beyond  the  "Father  of 
Waters."  They  were  descendants  of  the  brave  and  patriotic  men  who  de- 
clared and  finally  gained  their  independence  over  the  mother  country.  Then 
it  is  not  strange  that,  when  assailed  by  traitors  at  home  and  outlaws  on  our 
southern  borders,  the  people  of  Guernsey  county  rallied  around  the  flag, 
which  by  their  devotion  and  sacrifice  has  come  to  be  revered  as  no  emblem  on 
the  earth,  save  the  cross  of  Christ  alone,  is  honored  in  this  the  close  of  the 
first  decade  in  the  twentieth  century. 

Guernsey  county,  however,  was  settled  but  little  in  the  days  of  the  last 
war  with  Great  Britain  (that  of  1812-14)  and  not  even  explored  when  the 
Revolutionary  war  was  being  "fought,  hence  the  part  it  took  in  these  struggles 
was  almost  entirely  precluded.  Yet,  there  were  numerous  soldiers  of  the  war 
of  1812,  who  afterward  became  sturdy  pioneers  here  on  Guernsey  soil  and 
assisted  in  opening  up  the  county.  Also,  there  Were  some  who  had  served 
in  the  great  war  for  independence  who  found  their  way  to  these  green,  glad 
solitudes,  when  but  few  white  men  had  looked  upon  these  fair  and  fertile  hills 
and  dales. 

Thus  the  conflicts  in  which  the  brave  men  of  this  county  took  an  active 
part  may  be  stated  as  being  the  war  with  Mexico,  the  great  Rebellion,  from 
1861  to  1865,  and  the  Spanish-American  war  of  1898,  when,  over  the  sinking 
of  the  warship  "Maine,"  and  the  inhuman  treatment  given  to  her  subjects  on 
the  isle  of  Cuba,  Spain  was  humbled  from  her  once  proud  throne  and  given  to 
understand  that  America  stood  for  justice  and  liberty,  cost  what  it  might. 

Before  passing  to  the  military  history,  proper,  of  this  county,  the  reader 
is  invited  to  read  the  following  history  of  a  Revolutionary  soldier,  who  at  one 
time  resided  in  this  county  and  whose  bones  are  now  entombed  within  this 



In  the  Guernsey  Weekly  Times  of  January  21,  1904,  there  appeared  a 
sketch  by  Col.  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet,  of  a  Guernsey  county  boy,  James  Rimer  Wil- 
liams, of  Salina,  Kansas,  who  died  on  January  2,  1904.  There  is  some  history 
connected  with  this  family  that  we  will  give.  His  grandfather,  David  Wil- 
liams, came  to  Cambridge,  when  a  young  man,  from  Scotland,  with  his 
brother-in-law,  Robert  Nicholson,  in  1817.  He  was  by  trade  a  weaver,  but 
for  some  years  he  was  a  bar-keeper  at  the  old  Tingle  tavern  in  Cambridge. 
There  he  became  acquainted  with  Catherine  Brown,  who  was  a  working  girl 
at  the  same  tavern,  and  they  were  married  in  Cambridge,  January  13,  1825. 
Her  father  was  a  keeper  in  the  old  log-gaol,  the  first  county  jail.  After  their 
marriage  they  settled  on  a  farm  in  Jackson  township.  James  P.  Williams, 
father  of  James  Rimer  Williams,  was  the  oldest  son  of  David  Williams.  He 
married,  in  Jackson  township,  Sarah  Peodvin,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Peodvin 
and  Sarah  O'Harer.  She  was  their  only  child.  Nicholas  Peodvin  was  a 
cousin  of  James  Bichard,  grandfather  of  the  writer,  and  came  to  Cambridge 
along  with  the  French  Guernsey  settlers  in  1807.  After  the  death  of  Nicholas 
Peodvin,  James  P.  Williams  and  his  wife  came  into  the  possession  of  the 
Nicholas  Peodvin  farm  in  Jackson  township,  which  he  afterward  sold,  about 
1864,  to  Hon.  J.  W.  White,  and  purchased  the  William  Rainey,  Sr.,  farm  in 
the  same  township.  From  this  farm  he  moved  to  Kansas.  White  sold  the 
farm  to  Jonathan  Gander,  and  it  became  known  for  many  years  as  the  Gander 
farm.  The  Rainey-Williams  farm  is  now  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs  of 
E.  R.  Nyce.  Connected  with  the  William  Rainey  family  was  Andrew  Whit- 
tier.  He  died  at  the  remarkable  age  of  one  hundred  and  twenty-four  years, 
being  born  in  Germany  in  1716,  dying  in  1840.  He  was  buried  in  a  grave 
yard  located  on  the  banks  of  Wills  creek  below  Byesville.  He  was  a  soldier 
in  the  Revolutionary  war.  The  last  we  have  heard  of  his  place  of  interment 
was  that  the  creek  was  undermining  the  bank  of  the  graveyard,  and  that  the 
bones  of  this  old  hero,  whose  foreign  blood  he  was  ready  to  shed  that  this 
great  free  republic  might  live  and  become  what  it  is,  the  greatest  nation  of 
the  world,  were  about  to  be  washed  down  Wills  creek. 

About  the  time  of  the  report  referred  to  by  Colonel  Sarchet,  the  patriotic 
people  of  Jackson  township  and  Byesville  village  removed  the  bones  of  Whit- 
tier  to  the  old  Cambridge  Baptist  cemetery,  where  they  are  duly  marked  with 
a  monument,  inscribed  with  his  wonderful  age  of  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
four  years. 


SOLDIERS  OF  l8l2. 

Guernsey  county  was  represented  in  the  war  of  1812  by  three  companies 
of  militia,  commanded  respectively  by  Capt.  Simon  Beymer,  Capt.  Absalom 
Martin  and  Capt.  C.  P.  Beatty.  We  have  recently  come  into  possession  of 
the  names  of  the  members  of  these  companies,  which  we  publish  below,  as  a 
contribution  to  the  history  of  the  county.  Few,  if  any,  of  the  present  genera- 
tion know  anything-  about  the  experiences  of  their  ancestors  in  eastern  Ohio, 
during  that  war.  Few  know  that  Guernsey  county,  sparsely  settled  at  it  was 
in  1 81 2,  sent  so  many  soldiers  into  the  field.  The  following  two  companies 
were  in  the  detachment  commanded  by  Col.  Robert  Bay : 


Simon  Beymer,  captain 
Stewart  Speer,  first  lieutenant 
Henry  Beymer,  second  lieutenant 
David  Slater,  sergeant 
Andrew  Dougherty,  sergeant 
George  Wines,  sergeant 
Robert  Ewings,  sergeant 
William  Beymer,  corporal 
David  Moore,  corporal 
Nicholas  Baumgardner,  corporal 
Frederic  Beymer,  corporal 
William  Englehart,  corporal 
Alex.  Barton,  corporal 
John  Bickham 
Daniel  Bates 
Findly  Collins 
David  Dougherty 
George  Dye 
James  Hawkins 
Levin  Lewis 
Andrew  McGowan 
Joseph  Reed 
Frederick  Saltsgayer 
John  Sickman 
Henry  Steers 

Jacob  Thomas 
Nehemiah  Williams 
Argus  Morris 
Thomas  Brannon 
Ezekiel  Bates 
William  Cook 
Ichabod  Dilley 
Elisha  Evans 
Henry  Llewellyn 
James  Lard 
James  McConnell 
Samuel  Shevel 
William  Satterfield 
William  Smith 
William  Sherman 
John  Vanpelt 
Charles  Birch 
Ford  Barnes 
William  Chance 
Joshua  Clark 
Abraham  Dilley 
Peter  P"ry 
Joseph  Lyn 
Robert  Lancing 
John  Rainey 

cckuvm-.i    t  in  .\  i  v,   oiiio. 


Moses  Steppenson 
Thomas  Smith 
Andrew  Sickman 

Presley  Sickman 
Moses  Wright 


Absalom  Martin,  captain 

Wyatt  Hutchinson,  first  lieutenant 

James  Sherman,  second  lieutenant 

John  Bratton,  sergeant 

George  Sudden,  sergeant 

Thomas  Mullen,  sergeant 

William  Israel,  sergeant 

Thos.  De  Britner,  corporal 

Edward  Milner,  corporal 

C.  Donover,  corporal 

James  Edwards,  corporal 

Edw.  Davis,  corporal 

Henry  Wolford,  corporal 

Josiah  Barron 

Moses  Beard 

Thomas  Read 

Henry  Carrel 

Bernard  Duwit 
Jacob  Hart 

Aaron  Hedges 

James  Miles 

Philip  McWilliam 

Thomas  Merritt 

John  Read' 

Jonathan  Stull 

Jacob  Dedrick 

David  Wilson 

Thomas  Wilkins 

James  Warnock 

Atkinson  Mitchell 

David  Burns 

Joseph  Bowers 

William  Kerns 
Henry  Davis 
James  Everett 
William  Hanna 
Lewis  Lambert 
John  Mealman 
William  Moore 
John  McGiven 
Joshua  Reaves 
George  Shipley 
John  Dedrick 
Jonathan  Warne 
John  Woodbeck 
Peter  Wirick 
David  Brown 
Thomas  Barron 
Joseph  Bell 
Joseph  Coyle 
David  Delong 
William  Kirk 
Henry  Hite 
George  Launce 
William  McGiven 
William  Maple 
Samuel  Poke 
Philip  Shoaf 
John  Sealer 
Michael  Dedrick 
Andrew  Wirick 
Robert  Warnock 
David  Delong 




Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  captain 
David  Burt,  lieutenant 
Nicholas  Stoner,  ensign 
John  Leverick 
Henry  Whetstone 
Joseph  Archer 
James  Delong 
James  Thomas 
William  Linn  (absent) 
Samuel  Beymer  (absent) 
William  Gibson 
James  Shipley 
James  Fuller 
John  McKee 
Robt.  Atkinson 
Elijah  Williams 
William  Talbutt 
James  Noble 
David  Clark 
James  Parkhill 
Jonathan  Eastman 
William  Stewart 
Samuel  Styers 
Isaac  Styles 
Joseph  Ward 
James  Waddle 
James  *Bigham 
James  McMullen  (absent) 
Joseph  Wilkey 

John  Shipley 

Michael  Wirick 

George  Warne 

Alexander  Harper 

George  Miller 

Eli  Bingham 

John  Wiley  (absent) 

William  Roak 

William  Van  Horn 

Garret  Reasoner 

Richard  Scott 

William  Gibson,  Jr. 

Robert  Lowery 

John  Beymer 

Arthur  Adair 

George  Shivel 

William  Anderson 

Ezekiel  Shipley 

Andrew  Henderson 

Thomas  Dennis 

William  Oyler 

Hugh  McCoy 

Rodney  Talbutt 

Robert  Lansing 

Ford  Barnes 

John  Bollen  (absent) 

William  Morehead  (absent) 

Tohn  Conner 

On  the  hack  of  the  muster  roll  of  the  above  company,  Lieut. -Col.  Z.  A. 
Beatty  writes  that  he  has  inspected  the  ammunition,  arms,  etc.,  of  the  detach- 
ment, and  finds  them  to  be  as  follows :  Powder  in  horns,  two  and  one-half 
pounds;  balls  in  pouches,  ninety;  pouches  and  horns,  eleven;  rifles,  thirteen; 
muskets,  one.  By  a  note  on  the  muster  roll  we  learn  that  Lieutenant-colonel 
Beatty  forwarded  this  report  to  Colonel  Bay  on  August  nth,  Beatty  being 
then  at  Zanesville.     He  explains  in  this  note  why  no  non-commissioned  offi- 

i.l    IJRiXSIC     (in    NTS  ,    nil  111.  <;3 

cers  have  been  appointed,  the  officer  desiring  to  become  better  acquainted 
with  the  men  before  making  those  appointments. 

OFF   TO    THE    WARS. 

Iii  the  early  days  of  Cambridge,  the  only  blacksmith  shop  in  town  was 
that  of  William  McCracken,  father  of  Alexander  McCracken.  Day  after 
day,  the  sound  of  the  hammer  was  heard  in  his  place,  and  trade  was  busy. 
But  then  came  the  war  of  1812,  and  all  the  able-bodied  men  of  the  place  en- 
listed for  active  service.  William  McCracken  quenched  the  fire  in  his  forge, 
put  down  his  hammer,  locked  the  door,  and  set  off  with  a  musket.  But  to 
this  the  worthy  people  of  Cambridge  could  not  agree.  Some  one  must  shoe 
their  horses,  and  there  was  none  in  the  land  of  Guernsey  who  approached 
McCracken  in  skill  and  capacity.  So  a  collection  was  taken  up,  to  which  the 
interested  ones  gladly  contributed,  a  substitute  was  hired  to  shoulder  the 
musket,  and  William  McCracken  perforce  returned  to  his  forge,  kindled  the 
fires  and  once  more  the  blacksmith  shop  rang  with  the  sound  of  the  hammer. 

SOLDIERS  OF  THE  WAR   OF    l8l2. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  soldiers  of  the  war  of  1812,  held  in  the  court  house 
square  September  3,  1869,  the  following  registered  their  names  for  the  pur- 
pose of  petitioning  the  general  government  for  pensions : 

Elijah  Grimes,  aged  eighty  years,  residing  at  Cambridge. 
George  Macomber,  aged  seventy-five  years,  of  Cambridge. 
Peter  Klingman,  aged  eighty-one  years,  of  Cambridge. 
Joseph  Waller,  aged  seventy-eight  years,  of  Cambridge. 
George- McGannon,  aged  eighty-three  years,  of  Cambridge. 
William  Phillips,  aged  seventy-eight  years,  of  Cambridge. 
William  Turnbaugh,  aged  eighty-one  years,  of  Cambridge. 
John  McGiffin,  aged  eighty-five  years,  of  Cambridge. 
Adam  Rankin,  aged  seventy-five  years,  of  Midway. 
Thomas  Brown,  aged  seventy-six  years,  of  Washington. 
Andrew  Bay,  aged  seventy-one  years,  Leatherwood. 
Thomas  N.  Muzzy,  aged  eighty  years,  of  Cumberland. 
George  McCormick,  aged  eighty-one  years,  of  Antrim. 
Adam  Bucher,  aged  eighty-two  years,  of  Rochester. 
Edward  Milliner,  aged  eighty-four  years,  of  Millinersville. 


Others  who  reported  later  were:  Samuel  F.  McKinnie,  aged  eighty- 
seven  years,  of  Washington  township;  Joseph  McKinnie,  aged  seventy-six 
years,  of  the  county,  and  also  Robert  Richey. 

Governor  R.  B.  Hayes  and  Col.  John  Ferguson  spoke  on  the  occasion  of 
the  meeting  above  referred  to. 


The  part  taken  in  the  war  with  Mexico,  from  1846  to  1848,  by  the  citi- 
zens of  Guernsey  county  was  not  great.  The  reason  was  that  the  county  was 
thinly  settled  at  that  date,  and  for  the  reason  that  Ohio  was  only  called  upon 
for  three  regiments  of  troops.  While  many  from  this  county  intended  to  go, 
the  quota  for  the  state  was  made  up  before  the  companies  could  be  raised  here. 
Some,  however,  did  enlist  in  other  counties  and  served  through  the  war.  It 
was  supposed  that  a  large  parade  of  soldiers  would  be  held  here  on  the  drill 
grounds  of  the  home  militia  company,  the  same  to  be  made  up  from  several 
companies  from  Columbus  and  other  points,  and  at  which  time  many  here 
in  Cambridge  intended  to  offer  their  services,  but  a  change  was  made  by  a 
sudden  military  order,  and  the  parade  did  not  come  off,  hence  no  chance  was 
given  here  to  enlist.  There  have,  however,  resided  many  soldiers  Who  be- 
came settlers  of  Guernsey  county,  after  having  served  from  other  Ohio 

The  following  is  to  be  found  in  the  Times  for  August  6,  183 1  : 


"The  Commissioned  and  Staff  Officers  of  the  Second  Brigade,  and  the 
15th  Division  of  Ohio  Militia,  will  parade  in  the  town  of  Washington,  on 
Tuesday,  the  30th  day  of  August  next,  at  10  o'clock  A.  M. — and  continue 
under  the  command  of  the  Brigadier-General,  until  3  o'clock  P.  M.,  on  the 
succeeding  day — armed,  uniformed  and  equipt  as  the  law  directs. 

"By  order  of  the  Brigadier-General, 

"William  Skinner, 

"Brigade  Inspector. 

"All  officers  will  appear  in  white  pantaloons. 

"July  25th,  1831." 


Without  attempting  to  give  the  causes  that  led  up  to  the  breaking  out  of 
the  Civil  war — that  terrible  conflict  between  the  North  and  South — the  writer 


will  hasten  on  to  the  pleasing  task  of  setting  forth  in  record  form  the  deeds 
of  sacrifice  and  valor  performed  by  the  soldiery  of  Guernsey  county,  between 
1861  and  1866,  that  future  generations  may  read  with  a  just  pride  of  the 
loyalty  displayed  by  their  forefathers.  Considering  her  population  and  size, 
during  that- conflict,  no  county  sent  forth  more  men  in  defense  of  the  flag  than 
Guernsey,  and  Ohio,  as  is  well  known,  outrivaled  most  states  in  the  Union. 
So  frequent  were  her  regiments  going  to  the  front,  that  at  one  time,  late  in 
the  struggle,  the  governor  took  exceptions  to  the  letter  President  Lincoln 
wrote  to  New  Jersey,  when  that  state  sent  a  regiment  out.  Mr.  Lincoln  wrote 
the  governor  of  that  state,  and  kindly  thanked  its  people  for  the  regiment. 
Ohio's  war  governor  had  never  once  been  thanked  by  a  personal  letter  from 
the  good  President,  and  yet  the  troops  \vere  constantly  going"  forth,  at  his 
bidding,  to  do  battle.  Then  Lincoln,  after  receiving  the  reprimand  from  the 
governor  here,  sent  him  one  of  his  characteristic  communications,  in  which  he 
said  that  he  no  more  thought  of  sending  a  letter  of  thanks  to  Ohio  than  he 
did  every-  morning  when  Mrs.  Lincoln  passed  him  a  fresh  cup  of  coffee— that 
he  always  knew  he  was  welcome  to  it  and  that  it  was  coming,  too.  This  was 
the  greatest  compliment  the  state  of  Ohio  could  expect  and  was  satisfied,  as 
was  her  governor. 

As  the  first  soldiers  were  about  to  leave  Cambridge,  in  1861,  the  follow- 
ing appeared  in  the  Jcffersonian  and  will,  by  their  kindness  and  permission, 
here  be  quoted,  for  its  intrinsic  value  in  this  war  chapter  of  the  county's 


"The  first  company  of  Cambridge  volunteers  left  this  place  on  Tuesday 
morning  for  Columbus,  there  to  await  the  orders  of  the  President.  They  are 
a  fine  looking  body  of  men,  and  they  will  no  doubt  'stand  by  their  colors' 
through  'thick  and  thin.' 

"We  shall  watch  the  destiny  of  the  Cambridge  Volunteers,  with  all  the 
solicitude  which  high  regard  and  affection  can  inspire,  and  while  we  shall  ever 
hope  to  hear  that  victory  and  honor  have  perched  upon  their  ensign,  yet  our 
highest  happiness,  under  providence,  will  be  to  take  them  by  the  hand  once 

"  'When  wild  war's  deadly  blast  has  blown.' 

"God  bless  the  brave  boys  is  the  heartfelt  prayer  of  every  citizen  of  our 

"Officers — Captain,  James  Watt  Moore;  first  lieutenant,  Charles  H. 
Moore;  second  lieutenant,  John  T.  Rainey;  first  sergeant,  Walter  Barnett; 



second  sergeant,  Alfred  H.  Evans;  third  sergeant,  James  Johnson;  fourth 
sergeant,  J.  C.  Wiser;  first  corporal,  Moses  Stockdale;  second  corporal,  George 
\Y.  Hutchison  ;  third  corporal,  Dr.  James  Anderson. 

"The  following  is  as  complete  a  list  of  names  with  places  of  residence 
as  is  now  obtainable,  of  this  volunteer  company  that  left  this  place  Tuesday 
morning.     It  should  be  carefully  preserved : 

Henry  H.  Mercer,  Cambridge 
David  Frazier,  Cambridge 
John  Frazier,  Cambridge 
John  Nelson,  Cambridge 
John  W.  Meek,  Cambridge 
Thomas  Kilburn,  Knox  township 
James  W.  Moore,  Guernsey  county 
Chas.  H.  Moore,  Guernsey  county 
James  Johnson,  Guernsey  county 
William  Armstrong,  Cambridge 
H.  S.  Hyatt,  Zanesville 
J.  D.  Meek,  Byesville 
Josiah  Scott,  Cambridge 
John  Beabout,  Center  township 
Robert  E.  Stiers,  Senecaville 
Samuel  Beadling,  Cambridge 
Joshua  McPeek,  Cambridge 
Thomas  Carr,  Cambridge 
John  McKim,  Guernsey  county 
Moses  Stockdale,  Antrim 
W.  A.  Arnold,  Hartford 
Thomas  Lindsey,  Cumberland 
Perry  Singer,  Claysville 
Thomas  McManaway,  Cambridge 
Elijah  Bell,  Cambridge 
Andrew  Waller,  Washington 
Isaac  McBirney,  Washington 
W.  F.  Nicholson,  Cumberland 
Harrison  Danifer,  Cambridge 
W.  T.  Frazier. 
C.  F.  Camp,  Claysville 
James  Delong,  Cambridge 

John  Bately,  Cumberland 

E.  M.  Morrison,  Kennonsburg 
Joshua  M.  Stiers,  Se'welsville 
J.  E.  Gillett,  Winchester 

J.  M.  Anderson,  Birmingham 

F.  M.  McDowell,  Cambridge 
James  Davis. 

Thompson  Rose,  Liberty 

Samuel  Shreeves,  Cambridge 

Thomas  Temple,  Liberty 

Samuel  Gregg,  Senecaville 

M.  D.  Starr,  Claysville 

R.  A.  Cusac,  Cumberland 

Isaac  J.  Murphy,  Claysville 

W.  Landy,  Cambridge 

J.  B.  Barnet,  Claysville 

J.  T.  Rainey,  Cambridge 

W.  Stewart,  Gallaghers 

A.  H.  Evans,  Cambridge 

George  W.  McKim,  Cambridge 

John  Carter,  Cambridge  township 

Daniel  J.  Buckstone,  Cambridge 

Nathan  Downer,  Cambridge 

John  B.  Meyer,  Cambridge 

Alonzo  Miller,  Cambridge 

Andrew  G.  Beabout,  Center  township 

Simon  Sines,  Center  township 

James  Gray,  Center  township 

George  W.  Stult,  Salesville 

G.  W.  Davis,  Bridgeville 
Ebenezer  Williams,  Bridgeville 
John  C.  Meagher,  Guernsey  county 


George  W.  Hutchison,  Cambridge  John  H.  Murphy,  Cumberland 

James  McConehay,  Cambridge  Charles  Osborn,  Salesville 

William  Johnson,  Jackson  township  George  Klingman,  Cambridge 

James  Turner,  Center  township  John  Clark  Wiser,  Cambridge 

Richard  Bucey,  Center  township  Stout  P.  Wallace,  Cambridge 

William  Murphy,  Westland  township  William  C.  Crawford,  New  Concord 

Joseph  Allen,  Cumberland  William  Beadling,  Cambridge 
Samuel  Conner,  Cumberland 

During  the  Civil  war  there  were  three  regular  drafts  for  the  tilling  up 
of  Guernsey  count)-  quota,  under  the  various  calls  for  men  by  President  Lin- 
coln. The  first  was  dated  May  17.  1864;  the  second  was  June  14th.  the  same 
year,  and  another  June  21st.  From  three  hundred  dollars  to  one  thousand 
dollars  was  paid  as  a  bounty  for  substitutes.  The  following  shows  the 
drafted  men  by  townships,  the  same  being  compiled  January  31,  1865: 

Wheeling  township,  10;  Monroe  township,  16;  Londonderry  township. 
21;  Washington  township,  18;  Oxford  township,  19;  Millwood  township 
15;  Centre  township,  6:  Wills  township.  21  ;  Madison  township,  8;  Jefferson 
township,  8;  Cambridge  township,  1;  Liberty  township,  12;  Adams  tow-nship, 
0 ;  Knox  township,  10;  Spencer  township,  14;  Westland  township,  6;  Rich- 
land township,  7;  Valley  township,  15;  Jackson  township,  3;  total,  219. 

Deputy  Provost  Marshal  John  B.  Cook  was  shot  dead  in  his  back  yard 
in  [865,  by  persons  supposed  to  have  had  trouble  with  him  over  a  proposed 
draft,  which  they  were  evading.  John  W.  Hartup  and  Hiram  Oliver  were 
arrested,  tried  before  a  court  martial  under  General  Ord.  The  trial  lasted 
three  months  and  the  result  was  that  the  men  were  hung  for  the  crime,  one 
having  confessed. 

Over  two  thousand  men  entered  the  Union  army  from  Guernsey  county, 
a  record  to  be  proud  of  by  the  citizens  of  the  county. 

The  principal  commands  in  which  soldiers  served  from  Guernsey  county 
were  these:  The  Fifteenth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry.  Twenty-sixth  Ohio 
Volunteer  Infantry.  Sixty-second  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  Seventy-eighth 
Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry.  Ninety-seventh  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry.  Eighty- 
eighth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  One  Hundred  and  Twenty-second  Ohio  Vol- 
unteer Infantry,  One  Hundred  and  Seventy-second  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry, 
First  Ohio  Cavalry  Regiment. 


<,l    KKXSKY    COUNTY,    OHIO. 


Not  alone  did  the  men  of  Guernsey  county  show  their  patriotism  in 
suppressing  the  Rebellion  from  1861  to  1865,  but  the  work  of  the  ladies  was 
potent  and  duly  appreciated  by  the  soldiers  in  tent,  hospital  and  field.  In 
every  township  in  this  county  there  were  societies  doing  their  best  to  provide 
things  of  necessity  and  comfort  for  the  men  in  the  field.  At  Cambridge,  the 
Times  files  of  April  9,  1863,  have  the  following  item,  worth  preserving  in  this 
connection  : 

"Our  society  was  organized  February  23,  1863,  and  though  we  have 
been  cramped  for  means  and  by  reason  of  the  high  prices  that  prevail,  yet 
we  will  struggle  on  and  not  let  this  society  go  down  so  long  as  this  dreadful 
war  continues.  YYe  wish  all  who  have  promised  to  contribute  and  have  not 
sent  their  contribution  in  would  do  so  at  once. 

"During  the  winter  the  ladies  have  made  the  following  articles :  Eight 
shirts,  eight  pads,  four  slings,  forty  towels,  eight  rolls  of  bandages,  six  eye- 
shades,  four  pair  of  slippers,  five  sheets.  On  March  21st  we  sent  to  the  Cin- 
cinnati branch  of  the  United  States  Sanitary  Commission,  one  barrel  and  one 
box  of  fruits,  dried  fruits,  jellies,  wines  and  a  half  barrel  of  onions. 
"(Signed)  Sallie  G.  Lyons, 



Tn  the  Cambridge  Times  of  April,  1864,  an  item  appears  as  follows: 
"The  Eighty-eighth  Regiment,  having  purchased  a  press  and  the  necessary 
type  for  printing  general  orders,  requisitions,  reports,  etc.,  has  appointed 
Francis  M.  Sarchet,  of  the  regiment,  as  regimental  printer.  He  formerly 
served  an  apprenticeship  in  this  office.  Though  he  is  a  young  man,  we  feel 
warranted  in  saying  that  he  is  a  good  printer  and  will  do  good  work.  Suc- 
cess to  Frank !" 


We  take  this  account  of  Morgan's  raiders  in  this  county,  from  the  Cam- 
bridge Times  of  July  30,  1863  : 

"John  Morgan,  with  the  remnant  of  a  band  composed  of  the  most  villain- 
ous cut-throats  and  scoundrels,  the  sweepings  and  accumulations  of  two  years 
of  murdering  and  plundering  among  helpless  people,  amounting  in  number  to 
probably  six  hundred,  found  his  way  into  this  county  on  Thursday,  the  22nd 


inst.,  and  entered  the  town  of  Cumberland  about  three  o'clock  in  the  after- 
noon of  the  same  day.  As  usual,  his  pickets  were  thrown  out,  and  the  work 
of  insult  and  plunder  commenced. 

"The  stores  of  Colonel  Squier  and  Mr.  Holmes,  respected  citizens  of  that 
place,  were  plundered  of  clothing  and  such  articles  as  they  seemed  to  need. 
Colonel  Squier  lost  about  four  hundred  dollars  worth  of  goods,  and  Mr. 
Holmes  about  three  hundred  dollars  worth.  From  Mr.  Thomas  Lindsey  one 
dirt}'  thief  stole,  or  forcibly  took,  twenty-five  dollars.  After  robbing  Lindsey. 
the  Butternut  asked  him  if  he  was  a  Vallandigham  man.  Lindsey  replied 
that  he  was  not,  but  instead  was  a  good  Union  man.  Butternut  then  pro- 
ceeded to  electioneer  for  his  friend  Val.,  by  telling  Lindsey  that  no  better  man 
lived  anywhere  than  Vallandigham;  that  he  ought  to  support  him — using  a 
considerable  number  of  arguments  to  convince  Lindsey  that  it  was  his  duty  to 
vote  for  that  glorious  friend  of  the  South  and  its  cause,  Vallandigham. 

"In  and  about  Cumberland  they  succeeded  in  stealing  about  one  hundred 
good  horses.  While  in  town  they  quartered  upon  the  inhabitants,  from  whom 
they  insolently  demanded  food  or  whatever  else  they  wished.  They  left 
Cumberland  about  eight  o'clock  in  the  evening,  after  perpetrating  all  the  devil- 
ment they  could,  except  burning  the  town  and  murdering  the  inhabitants. 

"The  next  place  they  turned  up  was  at  Hartford,  in  Valley  township, 
which  place  they  retired  from  without  doing  any  material  damage.  We  did 
learn  that  they  robbed  Mr.  George  Miller,  of  Hartford,  of  one  thousand  five 
hundred  dollars,  but  as  we  have  not  heard  it  confirmed,  presume  it  is  not  so. 

"At  Senecaville  they  made  a  short  stay,  stole  numerous  horses,  and  took 
the  road  to  Campbell's  station.  While  at  Senecaville,  we  learn  that  one  of  the 
thieves  entered  a  stable  belonging  to  a  gentleman  of  that  place,  and,  with 
drawn  revolver,  demanded  a  horse.  The  owner,  instead  of  giving  him  a 
horse,  gave  him  a  blow  alongside  of  his  head  with  a  club,  which  caused  Mr. 
Secesh  to  give  up  all  intention  of  dealing  in  horseflesh  for  the  time  being. 
Said  Butternut  is  now  lodged  in  our  jail. 

"When  the  celebrated  John  was  sojourning  in  Cumberland,  a  certain 
Doctor,  formerly  hailing-  from  the  Hoskinsville  region,  and  of  Hoskinsville 
proclivities,  had  a  horse  confiscated  by  the  Morgan  thieves.  The  Doctor  re- 
monstrated against  the  proceeding,  and  in  the  bill  of  exceptions  set  forth  that 
he  had  a  patient  that  he  must  see  and  that  was  the  only  animal  he  had  to  ride. 
Butternut  sets  forth  in  his  answer  that  if  the  said  Doctor  would  give  him 
seventy-five  dollars,  he  would  surrender  the  horse.  Whereupon  the  Doctor 
forked  over  the  amount,  and  when  John  and  his  thieves  retired,  the  Doctor's 
horse  also  retired  with  a  Butternut  on  his  back,  and  left  the  Doctor  with  a 


feeling  of  goneness  in  the  pocket  and  to  mourn  the  untimely  departure  of  his 
trusty  pill  packer. 

"Query,  wasn't  the  Doctor  a  little  verdant? 

"At  Campbell's  Station,  they  burned  the  warehouse  and  its  contents,  be- 
longing to  Mr.  John  Fordyce,  after  robbing  his  safe,  containing,  we  learn, 
about  four  thousand  dollars  in  money,  two  thousand  dollars  of  which  be- 
longed  tn  Air.  Thomas  Frame;  also  the  railroad  bridge  convenient,  and  three 
freight  cars  loaded  with  tobacco,  cut  the  telegraph  wires  and  started  for 
Washington.  Here  they  made  a  grand  stand ;  threw  out  their  pickets,  and 
prepared  for  war.  We  believe  they  did  no  damage  in  Washington,  at  least 
we  have  heard  of  none,  except  eating  up  what  provisions  the  people  had  on 
hand,  and  relieving  them  of  a  few  horses.  At  this  place,  General  Shackleton 
came  upon  the  thief  with  one  thousand  Union  cavalry,  which  caused  him  to 
skedaddle  in  doublequick.  A  smart  skirmish  ensued  at  the  edge  of  the  town, 
the  rebels  firing  one  volley  and  running,  as  usual.  In  this  skirmish,  three 
rebels  were  wounded,  two  of  whom  are  since  dead  and  the  other  expected  to 
die.  On  the  road  from  Washington  to  Winchester  the  rebels  made  two  more 
stands,  each  for  a  few  minutes,  when  they  fled.  During  one  of  these  skir- 
mishes, three  rebels  were  captured.  Near  Winchester,  Colonel  Wallace,  with 
a  few  troops  and  one  piece  of  artillery,  joined  General  Shackleford. 

''The  rebels,  after  the  last  skirmish,  succeeded  in  getting  some  distance 
ahead  of  our  forces,  we  failing  to  get  in  sight  of  them  again  in  this  county. 

"It  appears,  from  conversations  with  eight  of  Morgan's  men,  who  were 
captured,  ami  are  now  in  the  county  jail  here,  that  the  scoundrels  despaired  of 
reaching  home  many  days  ago,  and  that  they  roamed  about  without  any  defi- 
nite object  beyond  a  very  slight  hope  that  they  might  find  an  unguarded  cross- 
ing on  the  Ohio  river.  They  claim  to  have  had  plenty  to  eat,  and  but  little 
time  to  eat  it,  so  hard  were  they  constantly  pressed  by  our  troops.  They  made 
it  a  point  to  take  every  horse  they  met  with  that  was  of  any  value,  and  when 
they  stole  a  horse  they  generally  turned  loose  some  poor  tired-out  animal. 
How  many  horses  they  stole  in  this  county  we  cannot  possibly  say,  but  as  they 
stole  all  along  the  route,  they  must  have  picked  up  a  considerable  number. 

"As  John  Morgan  and  his  band  are  now  captured,  the  people  can  settle 
down  and  content  themselves  with  at  least  a  hope  that  one  horse-thieving 
scoundrel  and  disturber  of  the  peace  of  the  country,  will  get  his  just  deserts. 
1  f  our  people  don't  shoot  him  for  the  raid,  the  rebel  authorities  will  be  sure 
to.  if  they  ever  lay  hands  on  him.  He  has  wasted  and  destroyed,  on  a  fool's 
errand,  the  best  body  of  cavalry  they  had  in  their  service,  and  all  to  no  pur- 
pose in  the  world.     Such  a  senseless  expedition  never  started  since  the  world 


began.     He  has  failed  to  perform  a  single  achievement  that  is  worth  thinking 
of  a  second  time. 

"Rebel  raids  into  loyal  states — whether  on  a  great  or  a  small  scale — have 
but  one  ending,  the  defeat  and  utter  route  of  those  attempting  them.  John 
Morgan  ventured  this  time  something  out  of  his  usually  safe  line,  and,  in 
crossing  the  Ohio  river,  marked  his  track  with  foul  murders — the  killing  of 
peaceful  and  unoffending  citizens.  It  was  but  a  little  while  until  he  found 
the  spirit  he  had  aroused, — the  great  mistake  he  had  made, — and  his  fate  will 
be  the  fate  of  all  such  scoundrels  who  undertake  similar  expeditions.  They 
are  the  disgrace  of  civilization,  and  the  villains  will  in  future  be  hunted  down 
as  men  hunt  down  wild  beasts,  and  when  caught,  a  'short  shrift  and  a  long 
rope'  will  be  all  the  compensation  these  blood-stained  wretches  will  receive  at 
the  hands  of  a  justly  outraged  people.  We  are  told  that  in  one  section  of  this 
countv  they  were  so  very  urbane  and  polite  that  they  quite  charmed  our  people. 
We,  for  one,  are  sick  of  this  accursed  cant  about  'politeness,'  'chivalry,'  etc., 
this  trifling  with  murder  and  every  black  crime.  And  when  we  look  at  the 
horrors  so  long  carried  on  with  impunity  by  this  vile,  black-hearted  cut-throat 
and  his  land-pirate  gang,  we  cannot  say  that  we  would  object  should  the  result 
of  the  whole  matter  be  a  "short  shrift  and  a  long  rope,'  from  the  friends  and 
relatives  of  the  persons  he  and  his  band  have  so  foully  murdered,  and  whose 
property  he  has  so  wantonly  destroyed." 


(Published  in  the  Jeffersonian  in  January,  1891,  by  Col.  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet,  who  took  part 
in  the  campaign.) 

Before  the  raider,  Gen.  John  Morgan,  with  his  rough  raiders,  reached 
Ohio,  at  Harrison,  near  Cincinnati,  on  July  14,  1863,  Governor  Tod  had  pro- 
claimed martial  law  in  Ohio,  and  called  out  the  militia.  To  this  call  more 
than  fifty  thousand  responded.  These  militia  were  minute  men,  who  were 
ready  to  leave  their  offices,  shops  and  farms  at  a  moment's  notice.  The  militia 
of  the  state  had  been  enrolled  and  officered  by  companies.  The  writer  had 
been  commissioned  a  captain,  by  Governor  Tod,  to  enroll  three  regiments  in 
Guernsey  county.  This  had  been  done  and  the  writer  was  elected  colonel 
of  the  First  Regiment  of  Guernsey  county,  and  as  we  remember  now,  the 
then  editor  of  The  Jeffersonian,  McClelland,  late  of  the  Barnesville  Enter- 
prise, and  the  present  editor  of  the  Guernsey  Times,  D.  D.  Taylor,  mustered 
in  this  regiment,  and  each  carried  a  cornstalk  as  well  as  anybody.  We  want 
to  record  the  part  that  the  "Cambridge  Scouts,''  a  company  composed  of 


colonels,  captains,  lieutenants  and  high  privates,  under  the  immediate  com- 
mand of  Col.  John  Ferguson,  late  from  the  seat  of  war,  took  in  the  chase  after 
"Morgan's  Rough  Raiders,"  July  15,  1863. 

The  "Cambridge  Scouts,"  in  command  of  Col.  John  Ferguson,  under 
orders  of  Governor  Tod,  left  Cambridge  for  Chillicothe,  taking,  at  Zanesville, 
the  Cincinnati  &  Wilmington  railroad  for  Circleville.  This  company  of 
seventy-five  or  eighty  men  reached  Circleville  sometime  after  dark,  and  slept 
on  the  soft  side  of  the  pavement  until  morning,  experiencing  at  the  outset  a 
taste  of  grim-visaged  war.  Here  we  were  breakfasted  in  squads,  at  the 
several  hotels.  Transportation  by  wagon  was  to  have  been  ready  here  to  take 
us  to  Chillicothe,  but  this  had  not  been  provided,  nor  could  it  be  obtained 
now.  for  fear  Morgan  would  capture  the  horses.  He  was  reported  near  Chilli- 
cothe. with  three  thousand  men,  heading  north,  closely  pursued  by  General 
Hobson,  With  the  Union  'forces  and  militia.  Our  place  of  rendezvous  was 
Chillicothe,  where  we  were  to  be  armed  and  equipped  for  war.  A  heavily- 
loaded  canal  boat,  bound  south,  came  along,  the  captain  was  coerced,  and  the 
company  took  the  upper  deck.  All  day  long,  amid  the  hot  July  sun,  we 
boarded  the  perils  of  "the  raging  canal,"  as  the  ciy  ever  and  anon  was  heard, 
"low  bridge,"  when  we  had  to  flatten  out  to  keep  from  being  scraped  off,  and 
drowned  in  the  green  scum  of  the  Ohio  canal.  Arriving  at  Chillicothe  a  little 
after  nightfall,  we  found  the  men,  women  and  children  fleeing  for  their  lives. 
We  were  told  that  Morgan  was  coming,  and  that  Paint  creek  bridge  had  been 
burned  to  stop  his  progress.  We  debarked  from  the  boat  and  formed  com- 
pany on  the  towpath,  and  marched  in  quick  step  through  the  city,  to  the  rail- 
road running  south  to  Hampden,  where  the  militia  had  formed  in  line  to  re- 
ceive arms,  and  fell  into  the  line.  All  was  darkness  and  confusion,  not  a 
light  shone  from  any  house,  all  places  of  business  were  closed,  valuables  were 
being  carried  away  or  secreted.  The  arms  'were  being  slowly  given  out.  and, 
to  make  "confusion  worse  confounded,"  a  report  came  that  Morgan  had  cut 
the  railroad  near  Hampden  and  was  sweeping  everything  before  him.  Hun- 
dreds of  men  took  arms,  and  strapped  their  cartridge  boxes  around  them,  who 
perhaps  never  before  had  had  a  gun  in  their  hands,  and  moved  off  down  the 
railroad,  falling  over  the  crossties  and  themselves,  and  on  every  hand  was 
heard  the  cry.  "You fool,  you  keep  off  my  heels."  By  the  time  our  com- 
pany moved  down  to  the  place  of  armament,  the  arms  were  exhausted,  and 
we  were  given  the  freedom  of  the  city,  with  orders  to  report  at  the  place  of 
armament  in  the  morning,  as  more  arms  were  to  be  sent  down  from  Columbus. 
We  had  had  no  supper,  and  the  quarters  assigned  was  the  market  house,  which 
was  already  jammed.     As  we  were  marching  up  through  the  city,  we  had 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    (II I  Id.  I  OJ$ 

seen  a  small  show  tent  pitched  on  a  vacant  lot.  We  marched  to  it,  determined 
to  make  it  our  quarters  for  the  night.  After  some  parley  with  the  proprietor, 
we  were  allowed  to  march  in,  and  for  one  night  we  "tented  on  the  old  camp 
ground,"  but  not  to  sleep,  as  the  boys  kept  up  the  rallying  song,  "We'll  Rally 
'round  the  Flag"  and  "Way  Down  in  Dixie  Land." 

In  the  morning  we  were  marched  to  the  market  house,  where  rations  had 
been  provided  of  sandwiches  and  coffee,  to  which  we  did  ample  justice,  not 
having  had  anything  to  eat  since  the  previous  morning.  Anxious  to  see  Paint 
creek,  and  the  remains  of  the  bridge  destroyed  to  prevent  Morgan's  crossing 
into  the  city,  we  walked  down  and  found  a  good  ford,  which  was  traveled  at 
low  tide,  and  in  summer  preferred  to  crossing  the  bridge.  Its  destruction 
was  one  of  the  exciting  freaks  of  the  war,  and  the  alarm  that  gave  rise  to  its 
destruction  was  the  coming  of  a  funeral  procession,  with  solemn  tramp,  all 
oblivious  of  the  threatened  danger  of  the  beleaguered  city.  For  years  this 
bridge  was  not  rebuilt,  the  commissioners  of  Ross  county  claiming  that  the 
state  or  the  person  in  command,  whose  foolhardiness  caused  its  destruction, 
should  rebuild  it.  All  day  long  we  moved  about  the  doomed  city,  awaiting 
arms  and  further  orders.  By  even-one  came  rumors,  that  Morgan  had  cut 
his  way  through  the  main  force  and  was  pushing  northward.  The  streets 
were  deserted,  except  by  the  militia  and  a  few  of  the  citizens.  No  women  were 
to  be  seen,  the  blinds  of  the  windows  were  down,  and  death-like  solemnity 
reigned  supreme.  Late  in  the  afternoon  a  dispatch  came  that  Morgan  was  at 
Portland  above  Pomeroy,  making  for  Buffington's  Island,  where  he  would 
make  an  effort  to  cross  the  Ohio.  We  were  ordered  home,  and  late  at  night, 
we  boarded  a  canal  boat,  loaded  with  baled  hay,  which  we  took  for  Circleville, 
making  our  beds  on  the  bales  of  hay.  The  boys  improvised  songs  with  a 
chorus,  "As  We  go  Sailing  on  the  Raging  Canal."  When  we  arrived  at  Cir- 
cleville the  next  day.  the  siege  of  Chillicothe  being  raised,  and  the  imminent 
danger  being  passed,  we  were  not  so  hospitably  treated  as  we  were  going  to 
the  front,  but  had  to  forage  for  our  dinners  as  best  we  could.  Again  taking 
the  cars  for  Cambridge,  we  arrived  late  at  night,  after  four  days'  service  in 
"grim  visaged  war."  As  we  marched  up  street,  the  boys  sang.  "Johnny's 
Come  Home  from  the  War." 

We  give  below  some  extracts  from  Bazil  W.  Duke's  article  in  the  January 
Century,  entitled,  "A  Romance  of  Morgan's  Rough  Raiders" : 

"The  Ohio  militia  were  more  numerous  and  aggressive  than  those  of 
Indiana.  We  had  frequent  skirmishes  with  them  daily,  and  although  hun- 
dreds were  captured,  they  assumed  operations  as  soon  as  turned  loose.     What 


excited  in  us  more  astonishment  than  all  else  we  saw  were  the  crowds  of  able- 
bodied  men.  The  contrast  with  the  South,  drained  of  adult  males  to  recruit 
her  armies,  was  striking  and  suggestive  of  anything  but  confidence  on  our 
part  in  the  result  of  the  struggle. 

"When  a  thirsty  cavalryman  rode  up  to  a  house  to  inquire  for  buttermilk, 
he  was  generally  met  by  a  buxom  dame  with  a  half  dozen  or  more  children 
'peeping  out  from  the  voluminous  skirts,  who,  in  response  to  a  question  about 
the  'old  man'  would  say :  'The  men  have  all  gone  to  a  rally;  you'll  see  them 
soon  enough.' 

"In  Ohio,  on  more  than  one  occasion,  we  found  pies  in  deserted  houses, 
hot  from  the  oven,  displayed  on  tables  conveniently  spread.  The  first  time 
I  witnessed  this  kind  of  hospitality  was  when  I  rode  up  to  a  house  where  a 
party  of  men  were  standing  around  a  table  furnished  as  I  have  described, 
eying  the  pies  hungrily,  but  showing  no  disposition  to  trouble  them.  I  asked 
in  astonishment  why  they  were  so  abstinent.  One  of  them  replied  that  they 
feared  the  pies  were  poisoned.  I  was  quite  sure,  to  the  contrary,  that  they 
were  intended  as  a  propitiatory  offering.  I  have  always  been  fond  of  pies — 
these  were  of  luscious  apples,  Swank  orchard,  so  I  bade  the  spokesman  hand 
me  one  of  the  largest  and  proceeded  to  eat  it.  The  men  watched  vigilantly 
for  two  or  three  minutes,  and  then,  as  I  seemed  much  better  after  my  repast, 
they  took  hold  ravenously. 

"Morgan  had  thoroughly  planned  the  raid  before  he  marched  from  Ten- 
nessee. He  proposed  at  no  time  to  be  far  from  the  Ohio  river,  so  that  he 
might  avail  himself  of  an  opportunity  to  recross.  On  reaching  the  borders 
of  Pennsylvania,  he  intended,  if  General  Lee  should  be  in  the  state,  to  make 
every  effort  to  join  him ;  failing  in  that,  to  make  his  escape  through  West 

"At  Piketown  we  learned  that  Vicksburg  had  fallen,  and  that  General 
Lee,  having  been  repulsed  at  Gettysburg,  had  returned  across  the  Potomac. 
Under  the  circumstances  this  information  was  peculiarly  disheartening." 

(From  the  Jeffersonian  of  January  29,  1891.) 

The  following  dispatch  was  sent  to  the  military  committee  of  Cambridge : 

"Columbus,  Ohio,  July  22,  1863. 
"I  think  Morgan  crossed  the  Muskingum  this  morning,  near  the  south 
line  of  Noble  county.     Send  messengers  into  Noble  county  to  call  out  the  peo- 
ple to  obstruct  the  roads  to  the  Ohio  river.     Be  on  the  alert  yourselves,  for  he 
may  take  north.  "D.  Tod,  Governor." 


A  company  was  quickly  raised  and  mounted,  armed  with  rifles,  pistols, 
shotguns  and  old  muskets,  and  placed  under  the  command  of  Col.  John 
Ferguson,  in  the  evening  on  the  scout  into  Noble  county.  The  company  num- 
bered sixty  or  seventy,  and  was  increased  on  the  march  to  perhaps  one  hun- 
dred men.  We  arrived  at  Cumberland,  Guernsey  county,  about  ten  o'clock 
at  night,  and  after  a  stop  for  a  short  time,  pushed  on  into  Noble  county,  to 
lliramsburgh  and  Hoskinsville.  Here  a  halt  was  made  until  daylight.  A 
squad  of  four  men  in  charge  of  the  writer  was  ordered  to  McConnelsville  to 
learn  of  Morgan's  whereabouts.  As  near  as  we  now  remember,  this  squad 
was  Elza  Turner,  J.  R.  Downar,  George  Frazier  and  another  not  remembered. 
We  arrived  at  McConnelsville  about  noon.  But  long  before  we  got  there,  we 
met  men,  women  ami  children  fleeing  from  the  town,  giving  us  the  informa- 
tion that  Morgan  was  crossing  at  Eaglesport,  and  that  "we  had  better  turn 
back,  or  he  would  take  us."  We  told  them  that  "we  were  hunting  for  Mor- 
gan, and  were  going  to  take  him  dead  or  alive." 

We  galloped  on  into  the  town,  and  found  all  excitement  and  confusion 
and  the  citizens  in  a  state  of  terror.  There  seemed  to  be  no  organization  of 
militia,  or  anything  that  looked  like  fight,  but  some  women  scraping  lint  and 
preparing  bandages.  We  stayed  long  enough  to  learn  that  Morgan  was  pass- 
ing around  the  town,  then  we  started  back  to  report  to  the  command.  On 
our  way  back  we  could  hear  of  Morgan  on  another  road,  and  we  were,  in  fact, 
in  his  front  for  some  time.  When  we  got  back  to  the  command  it  had  moved 
off  without  leaving  word  where.     We  determined  to  go  to  Cumberland. 

It  was  now  very  dark,  and  after  nightfall  we  pushed  on  as  best  we  could, 
often  taking  the  wrong  road,  having  to  dismount  and  examine  for  the  road. 
After  a  time  we  came  upon  the  command,  which  had  halted  on  account  of  the 
darkness.  We  gave  them  our  news,  the  first  they  had  had  concerning  Mor- 
gan. We  were  now  near  Cumberland,  and  not  knowing  Morgan's  direction, 
we  parleyed  for  a  time  as  to  what  course  we  should  take.  It  was  finally  de- 
cided that  a  squad  of  picked  men,  under  Lieutenant  Squiers,  should  go  for- 
ward to  learn  more  of  Morgan.  The  writer  was  one  of  the  number.  We 
moved  on  with  caution  in  the  darkness  toward  Cumberland.  After  advanc- 
ing a  few  miles,  we  met  some  men  carrying  bridles  and  saddles.  They  told 
us  that  Morgan's  raiders  were  in  Cumberland,  that  their  horses  had  been 
taken,  and  they  themselves  detained  as  prisoners  for  a  time.  They  said  that 
Morgan's  pickets  were  down  at  the  bridge,  but  a  short  distance  back.  Our 
lieutenant  proposed  to  the  squad  that  we  hide  our  arms  and  go  down  to  the 
pickets,  claiming  to  be  farmers  on  our  way  to  Cumberland  to  see  Morgan, 
but  the  squad  did  not  propose  to  give  up  their  horses  to  Morgan,  but  pro- 


posed  to  go  forward  and  run  in  the  pickets.  This  the  lieutenant  objected  to. 
and  standing  on  our  arms,  sent  back  for  the  command  to  come  up.  Whilst 
waiting,  we  could  hear  Morgan's  raiders  reveling  on  the  good  things  of  the 
people.  The  town  was  well  sacked.  The  pickets  were  soon  called  in.  and, 
the  command  coming  up.  we  galloped  into  the  town  by  one  road,  Hobson  and 
Shackleford  on  another.  The  command  of  Morgan  were  not  yet  all  through 
with  their  pillage.  We  managed  to  take  two  prisoners,  whom  we  sent  under 
guard  to  Cambridge.  Morgan  pushed  on  toward  Hartford,  trying  to  burn 
the  bridge  over  the  creek  behind  him.  But  the  pursuers  were  too  close,  and 
the  fire  was  soon  extinguished.  One  hundred  well-armed  men  in  Morgan's 
front,  anywhere  between  Eaglesport  and  the  Central  Ohio  railroad  could  have 
held  him  in  check  long  enough  to  have  been  taken  by  the  pursuing  forces. 
This  day,  July  24th.  was  spent  between  Cumberland  and  Winchester,  passing 
through  Hartford,  Senecaville,  and  at  Campbell's  Station  checked  for  a  time 
by  the  burning  of  the  bridge  by  Morgan  over  Leatherwood  creek  and  the 
station  house.  Morgan  halted  at  Washington  long  enough  to  dine  off  its 
citizens.  The  town  was  picketed  on  the  east  and  west.  How  well  it  was 
done  the  "heroes  of  Hyde's  Hill"  may  in  the  future  write  up  its  history.  Mor- 
gan's pickets  on  the  south  were  driven  in  by  Hobson's  advance,  and  the  whole 
column  of  raiders  got  out  of  Washington,  helter-skelter,  toward  the  north, 
making  a  stand  over  the  hill,  which  is  known  in  the  history  of  this  raid  as  the 
"battle  of  Washington."  In  this  battle  four  of  Morgan's  men  were  killed  or 
mortally  wounded,  and  several  prisoners  taken.  Another  stand  \vas  made  at 
Saltfork  bridge,  where  the  entire  pursuing  force  was  checked  until  dark,  reach- 
ing Winchester  in  the  night,  where  a  long  halt  was  made,  as  Morgan  made 
a  feint  of  going  toward  Birmingham,  with  a  part  of  his  command,  but  took 
again  the  Antrim  road,  the  whole  column  joining  again  at  Antrim.  There 
had  been  a  heavy  rain  in  the  afternoon,  and  it  was  still  raining.  All  was 
darkness  and  confusion.  The  fanners  were  coming  in  to  hear  the  news,  and 
a  general  exchange  of  horses  was  going  on.  A  detachment  of  troops  sent 
down  from  Cambridge  by  wagon  were  being  mounted  as  fast  as  horses  could 
be  conscripted.  This  night's  ride  from  Winchester  to  Moorefield  told  upon 
pursued  and  pursuers.  The  men  were  drenched  to  the  skin,  saddles  and 
blankets  wet  and  heavy,  road  muddy  and  slippery,  horses  jaded  and  hungry, 
many  fell  by  the  wayside  and  the  troopers  left  to  plod  along  carrying  saddle 
and  bridle,  until  a  horse  could  be  captured.  The  pursuing  forces  moved  on 
slowly  through  Antrim,  Londonderry,  and  on  to  Smyrna.  Here  a  halt  was 
made  to  examine  the  road,  as  it  was  reported  that  Morgan's  forces  had  taken 
the  Freeport  road.     At  Londonderry,  the  Writer  was  suffering  severe  pain  in 


stomach  and  bowels.  He  roused  up  an  old  friend  and  former  fellow-citizen, 
Doctor  John  McCall,  who  prepared  us  medicine  that  relieved  our  pain  and 
sent  us  on  our  way  rejoicing.  And  this  ought  to  be  a  good  enough  record, 
when  in  the  future  a  grateful  state  shall  pension  her  gallant  sons,  who  threw 
down  the  implement  of  peace  and  flew  to  amis  and  horses  to  chase  the  maraud- 
ers from  her  sacred  soil.  Before  reaching  Stillwater  creek,  we  could  see  the 
flashes  of  light  that  told  that  Morgan  had  burned  the  bridge  behind  him.  It 
was  now  two  o'clock — rain  pouring  down,  thunder  and  lightning  adding  their 
dashing  light  and  rumbling  roaring  as  on  we  galloped. 

"Through  dub  and  mire 
Despising  wind  and  rain  and  fire." 

He  fore  coming  to  the  burning  bridge,  a  part  of  the  command,  having  a 
battery  of  two  guns,  made  a  detour  up  the  creek  to  a  bridge  to  cross  over. 
The  rest  moved  on  down  the  bottom  and  began  crossing  below  the  burning 
bridge.  To  make  this  ford  was  dangerous  and  at  the  same  time  amusing. 
Crossing  by  twos,  plouting  into  the  mud  and  water  up  to  the  saddle  skirts, 
plunging  through,  and  hallooing  back  to  those  in  the  rear,  "over"  :  then  a 
steep,  slippery  bank  had  to  be  climbed  to  reach  the  road.  This  being  gained, 
the  word  came  back,  "up."  After  all  were  over  a  halt  was  made  to  await  the 
action  of  the  party  that  made  the  crossing  farther  up  the  creek,  and  the  entire 
command  laid  down  to  rest  on  the  roadside.  Here  for  the  first  time  we  lay 
down  to  sleep  since  leaving  Cambridge,  having  confidence  enough  in  our  tired, 
jaded  horses,  that  they  would  stand  by  and  not  tramp  on  the  tired,  water- 
soaked  troopers. 

When  the  bugle  sounded  the  march,  the  sun  was  just  peeping  out  clear 
and  bright  in  the  eastern  horizon,  and  as  we  felt  the  warm,  drying  rays,  men 
and  horses  seemed  to  make  obeisance  to  the  "God  of  Day."  Our  horses  had 
nipped  the  grass  in  the  fence  corners  and  barked  the  rails,  and  were  ready  to 
gallop  on.  Of  this  day's  ride  of  seventy-two  miles  from  sun-up  to  sun-down, 
and  the  capture  on  the  next,  it  is  our  purpose  to  tell  in  the  following  account. 

So  far  the  pursuit  was  a  chase.  The  pursued  had  the  advantage  of  the 
fresh  horses  on  the  line,  but  now  Morgan  was  to  meet  opposing  forces  in  front 
and  flank  and  rear,  and  to  use  a  fox-chase  term,  the  pursuers  had  come  to  the 
"last  straw  line,"  and  the  fox  is  in  the  square. 

Rev.  W.  M.  Ferguson,  of  Washington,  wrote  of  Morgan  and  his  raiders 
at  the  time  as  follows : 

"On  Friday  last,  24th,  six  hundred  and  seventy  of  the  marauders  took 
possession  of  this  town.     The  writer  conversed  freely  with  Morgan  himself 


and  with  several  members  of  his  staff.  They  said  that  the  Unionists  were  far 
more  cruel  and  destructive  than  they,  and  that  one  object  in  coming  across 
Ohio  was  to  give  us  a  taste  of  what  the  South  had  for  years  seen  and  suffered 
from  our  armies.  Such  a  raid  has  never  been  known  before.  It  is  more  than 
a  thousand  miles  long  from  its  first  start  in  Tennessee,  marked  by  a  line  of 
green  graves — and  the  grandest  horse  exchange  ever  witnessed.  Morgan's 
band  stole  (so  Lieut.  Thomas  J.  Morgan,  John's  cousin,  told  me)  on  an  aver- 
age three  hundred  horses  a  day." 

(From  the  Jeffersonian  of  February  5,  1891.) 
This  day,  Saturday,  July  25,  1863,  Morgan  began  to  play  the  leading 
card  on  the  military  board.  To  make  a  crossing  of  the  Ohio  river  was  the 
desired  goal.  As  we  passed  through  Moorefield  in  the  early  morning,  the 
hogs  and  chickens  were  feasting  on  the  remains  of  corn  and  oats  left  by  Mor- 
gan's horses,  where  they  had  been  fed  in  a  long  line  on  Main  street.  The  men 
had  breakfasted  off  the  citizens.  So  that  our  inquiry  for  something  to  eat 
was  answered  by,  "Morgan  has  just  eat  us  out."  Morgan  usually  halted 
twice  during  the  day  to  feed  men  and  horses,  choosing  generally  the  small 
towns.  The  pursuing  forces  got  what  they  could  in  feed  and  provisions  at 
points  between  where  Morgan  had  made  his  stops.  These  halts  were  made 
when  the  Union  forces  were  farthest  in  the  rear.  The  time  for  rest  at  Moore- 
field was  gained  by  the  burning  of  the  bridge  already  detailed.  Before  reach- 
ing Cadiz,  the  pursued  left  the  grade  road,  passing  south  of  Cadiz  through 
Harrisville.  Here  the  rear  guard  made  for  a  time  a  very  determined  stand, 
and  General  Hobson  brought  to  bear  upon  them  a  light  field  battery,  which 
had  the  effect  of  breaking  their  lines.  All  along  as  'we  neared  the  high  river 
bluffs  we  could  see  the  column  winding  up  the  hills  or  coursing  along  the 
ridges,  headed  by  Morgan  in  his  buggy  drawn  by  two  spirited  Kentucky 
horses.  At  Georgetown  another  stand  was  made  by  the  whole  column,  under 
the  direction  of  Morgan  himself.  The  different  moves  made  for  a  position 
seemed  to  indicate  to  the  writer  that  here  the  final  battle  and  capture  was  to 
take  place. 

Morgan's  forces  were  partly  protected  in  a  stretch  of  woods.  Hobson 
opened  fire  from  the  field  battery  and  endeavored  to  flank  him  on  his  course  to 
the  river,  but  again  Morgan  moved  off  with  the  main  column,  leaving  the  rear 
guard  to  hold  in  check  the  Union  forces.  This  rear  guard  was  in  command  of 
Captain  Himes,  mounted  upon  the  best  horses  that  could  be  picked  up  along 
the  line  of  the  raid,  its  object  being  not  only  to  hold  in  check  the  pursuers,  but 
to  prevent  any  straggling  of  the  main  column  and  their  capture.     Morgan 


made  three  desperate  attempts  to  gain  the  river  during  the  day,  and  being 
headed  off,  dashed  back  again  in  the  hills,  [n  these  dashes  he  passed  through 
New  Athens  and  Smithfield.  It  was  an  up-and-down-hill  chase  from  valley 
to  valley,  which  told  severely  on  both  men  and  horses.  The  citizens  were  now 
fully  aroused,  Morgan's  raiders  were  in  their  midst,  and  the  pursuing  forces 
were  being  increased  by  mounted  militiamen  joining  the  column.  As  we 
galloped  down  Short  creek,  we  passed  a  lone  militiaman,  carrying  an  old  flint- 
lock musket  at  "right  shoulder  shift."  lie  had  on  his  old  military  suit,  bear- 
ing the  old  white  braided  herring-bone  chevron  of  the  old  army  of  long  ago, 
in  which  he  had  paraded,  no  doubt,  as  a  member  of  Captain  Beebe's  company. 
lie  mined  along  with  a  light,  elastic  step,  thinking  of  the  long  past  training 
days,  when  he  fought  the  "mimic  fray."  But  he  was  soon  lost  to  sight.  It 
was  this  spirit  of  patriotic  devotion,  this  readiness  to  fly  to  arms  that  made 
the  raid  of  Morgan,  hold  as  it  was,  fruitless  in  the  result. 

Morgan's  force  struck  the  Steubenville  grade  road  at  right  angle,  west  of 
Winterville.  Here,  in  order  to  get  north  around  Steubenville,  as  he  was 
making  for  Smith's  Ferry,  there  being  no  direct  road  north,  without  turning 
west  or  to  the  east  through  Winterville,  lie  parleyed  for  a  time  and  was  over- 
taken by  Hobson's  advance  and  a  sharp  skirmish  ensued.  It  was  said  that 
several  were  killed,  but  we  saw  no  dead  but  horses. 

A  young  lady.  Miss  Dougherty,  at  the  Maxwell  house,  in  the  line  of 
direction  of  fire,  was  struck  by  a  ball  which  passed  around  her  body,  passing 
out  and  into  the  wall,  making  a  large  indenture.  It  was  reported  that  she  was 
killed,  but  she  recovered.  Mrs.  Arnold,  of  this  place,  was  well  acquainted 
with  this  young  lady,  and  verifies  these  statements.  The  report  given  in  the 
January  (  1891  )  Century  is  not  correct  as  to. the  killed,  or  as  to  the  time  of 
the  skirmish.     A  Michigan  soldier  was  wounded  and  afterward  died. 

Morgan  took  the  road  east  through  Winterville,  his  rear  guard  holding 
the  Union  forces  in  check  long  enough  for  the  advance  to  do  some  pillaging. 
At  Winterville  there  was  a  company  of  mounted  militia,  who  fled  helter- 
skelter  through  the  town,  crying,  "Morgan  is  coming,  he's  down  at  Hanna's," 
and  whether  they  were  stopped  by  the  Ohio  river  or  fled  over  into  West  Vir- 
ginia we  don't  know".  It  was  evident  they  had  met  Morgan  and  were  satis- 
fied. The  women  of  Winterville  fled  to  the  minister's  home,  and  held  a 
prayer  meeting,  and  the  men  who  had  all  the  day  long  marched  and  counter- 
marched through  the  streets  with  "plumes  and  banners  gay,"  when  the  cry- 
was  heard  that  Morgan  was  coming,  "marched,  marched  away,"  and  took 
refuge  in  an  oat  field  nearby.  When  Morgan  was  well  on  his  way  to  Ham- 
monsville,  and  the  Union  forces  came  up,  the  sun  sinking  behind  the  western 
hills,  there  was  a  resurrection  from  the  oat  field,  "nor  lost  a  single  man." 


Colonel  Collier,  of  Steubenville,  gathered  up  enough  of  the  frightened  militia 
to  man  and  plant  a  cannon  on  the  hill,  and  let  drive  at  the  Union  forces.  Gen- 
eral Shackle  ford  sent  up  an  officer  to  learn  who  "them  fools  were 

shooting  at."  The  fleeing  mounted  militia,  "when  they  got  to  Steubenville, 
said  they  had  met  and  turned  Morgan,  and  that  he  was  "on  to  Richmond," 
and  the  city  was  saved.  We  took  the  road  to  Hammonsville  and  Richmond. 
a  night's  ride  in  the  darkness.  Some  time  in  the  night  we  were  cut  off  from 
the  main  forces  by  taking  the  wrong  road,  but  we  pushed  on,  not  knowing 
where.  We  were  lost,  and  our  situation  became  more  perilous  as  we  ad- 
vanced, as  we  might  encounter  Morgan  or  we  might  meet  the  Union  forces. 
We  called  a  halt  until  daylight.  Then  we  went  forward  again,  finding  that 
we  had  passed  west  of  both  Hammonsville  and  Richmond,  and  were  some 
miles  from  the  main  forces.  Between  nine  and  ten  o'clock  we  learned  that 
Morgan  was  captured  and  his  men  prisoners.  This  we  accepted  as  true,  and, 
after  resting  a  while  on  the  roadside,  we  "about  faced"  for  home,  and  struck 
the  grade  road  west  of  Winterville,  and  went  into  camp  in  a  grove,  where  we 
quietly  rested,  as  it  was  the  Sabbath. 

The  first  report  of  the  capture  proved  to  be  only  a  part.  Morgan  was 
rot  himself  captured  until  that  afternoon.  Here  we  rested,  rejoicing  that 
the  battle  had  been  fought,  and  the  capture  made.  This  Sabbath's  rest  was 
enjoyed  by  both  men  and  horses.  We  had  plenty  of  sheaf  oats  for  the  horses, 
and  plenty  of  food  for  the  men,  procured  either  by  buying  or  by  forage.  So 
we  quietly  feasted  and  rested,  until  well  in  the  day  on  Monday,  when  we 
broke  camp,  and  took  the  road  for  Cadiz.  In  conclusion,  let  us  sum  up  the 
events  of  the  raid. 

(The  Jeffersonian.  February  12,   1891.) 

At  the  Maxwell  House,  "the  cross  roads  hotel,"  we  went  in  to  see  the 
young  lady,  Miss  Dougherty,  who  was  a  victim  of  the  raid,  as  described  in  the 
preceding  account.  Here  we  could  more  clearly  see  the  evidence  of  the 
skirmish  of  Saturday.  The  fences  were  torn  down,  where  the  cavalry  had 
charged  through  the  fields,  disabled  and  abandoned  horses  were  nipping  the 
grass  by  the  roadside,  and  the  dead  horses  remained  unburied.  From  the 
Maxwell  House  to  Cadiz,  no  signs  of  the  raid  were  to  be  seen.  But  many  of 
the  citizens  had  taken  time  by  the  forelock,  and  hid  away  their  horses,  which 
they  were  now  bringing  in,  all  rejoicing  that  Morgan  was  captured  and  the 
raid  at  an  end.  At  Cadiz  we  were  entertained  by  the  citizens  in  a  very  hos- 
pitable manner.  The  writer,  with  others  from  Cambridge,  was  entertained 
by  our  old  school  teacher  and  former  citizen  of  Cambridge,  and  editor  of  the 
Guernsey  Times,  Richard  Hatton,  father  of  the  Hon.  Frank  Hatton.     Here 


we  all  enjoyed  the  pleasure  of  a  "bivouac"  on  the  parlor  carpet,  and  slept  the 
"sleep  of  the  brave."  Mrs.  Hatton  afforded  us  the  best  supper  and  breakfast 
that  could  be  set  up  on  the  unexpected  coming  of  a  hungry  squad,  to  which  we 
did  ample  justice,  and  now  at  this  late  day  we  feel,  as  then,  thankful  for  her 
generous  hospitality.  The  people  of  Cadiz  did  not  feel  at  all  snubbed  that 
Morgan  had  passed  them  by  on  the  other  side.  A  few  miles  west  of  Cadi/ 
we  again  struck  the  line  of  the  raid,  and  on  every  hand  we  saw  its  effect,  and 
heard  the  tales  of  wanton  destruction  of  property,  not  only  by  Morgan's 
forces,  but  the  Union  forces  as  well.  War  means  extravagance  and  destruc- 

Near  to  Londonderry  we  met  Moses  Sarchet  and  Stephen  Potts,  Esq., 
who,  under  appointment  of  Governor  Tod,  were  out  on  the  line  of  the  raid, 
in  Guernsey  county,  looking  up  the  abandoned  property,  and  having  it  cared 
for,  as  well  as  assuring  the  people  that  their  damages,  of  whatever  character, 
would  lie  paid.  Governor  Tod,  while  a  war  governor,  looked  well  after  the 
interests  of  the  state  and  her  citizens.  YVe  arrived  home  on  Tuesday  even- 
ing, and  were  received  with  joyous  enthusiasm  by  the  citizens  of  Cambridge. 

The  disposition  of  Morgan's  raiders  and  plunderers  is  described  as  fol- 
lows, in  the  Century,  by  Basil  \Y.  Duke: 

"There  were  very  good'  reasons,  independent  of  the  provost  guard,  why 
the  men  should  not  straggle  far  from  the  line  of  march ;  but  the  w^ell  filled 
stores  and  gaudy  shop  windows  of  the  Indiana  and  Ohio  towns  seemed  to 
stimulate,  in  men  accustomed  to  impoverished  and  unpretentious  Dixie,  the 
propensitv  to  appropriate  without  limit  or  restraint.  I  had  never  before  seen 
anything  like  this  disposition  to  plunder.  Our  perilous  situation  only  seemed 
to  make  the  men  more  reckless.  At  the  same  time,  anything  more  ludicrous 
than  the  manner  in  which  they  indulged  their  predatory  tasks  can  scarcely  be 
imagined.  The  weather  was  intensely  warm,  yet  one  man  rode  for  three  days 
with  seven  pairs  of  skates  slung  about  his  neck;  another  loaded  himself  with 
sleigh-bells.  A  large  chafing  dish,  a  Dutch  clock,  a  chandelier  and  a  bird  cage, 
containing  three  canaries,  were  some  of  the  articles  I  saw  borne  off  and 
jealously  fondled.  Baby  shoes  and  calico  were,  however,  staple  articles.  A 
fellow  would  procure  a  bolt  of  calico,  carry  it  carefully  for  a  day  or  two,  then 
cast  it  aside  and  get  another." 

The  result,  as  summed  up  by  General  Duke : 

"The  expedition  was  of  immediate  benefit,  since  a  part  of  the  forces 
which  would  otherwise  have  harassed  Bragg's  retreat  and  swollen  Rosecrans' 
muster  roll  at  Chickamauga.  were  carried  by  the  pursuit  of  Morgan  so  far 
northward  that  they  were  kept  from  participating  in  that  battle." 


Orlando  B.  Wilson  sums  up  from  a  Union  standpoint  in  the  Century, 

"And  thus  ended  the  greatest  of  Morgan's  raids.  By  it,  Bragg  lost  a 
fine  large  division  of  cavalry,  that,  if  added  to  Buckner's  forces,  might  have 
defeated  Burnside;  or,  if  thrown  across  Rosecrans'  flank,  or  long  line  of  sup- 
plv  and  communication,  might  have  baffled  Rosecrans  altogether." 

The  immediate  result  of  the  raid  was  further  to  fire  the  Northern  heart. 
The  President  had  just  issued  a  call  for  three  hundred  thousand  more  troops 
and  an  enrollment  had  been  made  for  a  draft,  if  quotas  were  not  filled  by 
volunteers.  This  raid  stimulated  volunteering,  and  by  the  time  the  draft  was 
ordered  in  Ohio,  most  of  the  counties  had  filled  their  quotas.  We  have  never 
seen  a  report  of  the  full  loss  sustained  by  the  citizens  of  Guernsey  county,  by 
this  raid,  as  reported  from  time  to  time  to  the  commission  having  the  different 
classes  of  claims  for  adjustment,  but  they  are  now  all  paid. 

Almost  a  new  generation  of  people  have  come  upon  the  stage  of  ac- 
tion since  Morgan's  rough  raiders  galloped  through  Guernsey,  and  the  most 
of  the  "Cambridge  Scouts"  have  passed  their  three  score  years,  and  "one 
by  one  are  falling  away,  like  leaves  before  the  autumn  wind." 

"Ah,  never  shall  the  land  forget 

How  gushed  the  life  blood  of  her  brave, 

Gushed  warm  with  hope  and  courage  yet. 
Upon  the  soil  they  sought  to  save. 

"Now  all  is  calm  and  fresh  and  still ; 

Alone  the  chirp  of  fleeting  bird, 
And  talk  of  children  on  the  hill, 

And  bell  of  wandering  kine  are  heard. 

.    "No  solemn  host  goes  trailing  by 

The  black -mouthed  gun  and  staggering  wain; 
Men  start  not  at  the  battle  cry — 
Oh,  lie  it  never  heard  again." 


When  war  was  declared  against  Spain,  by  President  McKinley.  in 
the  spring  of  1898,  after  the  sinking  of  the  battleship  "Maine,"  men  were 
wanted  to  enter  the  government's  service  for  that  war.  As  a  rule,  the  state 
militia  companies  were  largely  used  for  that  purpose. 


The  local  newspapers  of  Cambridge  had  several  stirring  articles  on  the 
war  and  one  item,  throwing  light  on  the  first  real  action  here,  reads  as  follows  : 

"The  first  patriotic  demonstration  for  war  against  Spain  was  made  by 
the  citizens  of  Cambridge  on  last  Friday  evening.  About  seven  o'clock  Adam 
Broom's  drum  corps,  headed  by  the  United  States  flag,  and  followed  by  an 
enthusiastic  crowd,  inarched  up  street  to  the  Mc.  and  Mc.  store,  where  young 
men  recruit  under  H.  F.  McDonald.  Stirring  war  speeches  were  made  by 
Mayor  Luccock  and  others  to  a  large  crowd  of  interested  citizens,  after  which 
a  number  of  young  men  signed  the  recruiting  pledge.  The  recruits,  old  vet- 
erans and  citizens,  then  marched  down  street  to  blood-stirring  martial  music." 

Owing  to  the  fact  that  there  was  no  regular  National  Guard  company 
within  Guernsey  county  when  this  last  war  broke  out.  there  were  but  few 
men  who  went  from  the  county,  save  a  few  who  served  as  members  of  the 
regular  army. 


Perhaps  no  better  history  can  be  given  of  this  monument  than  the  one 
written,  at  the  time,  by  the  editor  of  the  Times,  which  follows: 

Tuesday,  June  9,  1903,  will  be  remembered  as  an  eventful  day  in  the 
history  of  Guernsey  county  as  long  as  any  now  living  shall  survive,  and  it 
will  be  a  tradition  as  long  as  the  monument  of  granite  endures.  The  weather 
clerk  had  promised  fair  weather,  and  came  very  near  to  filling  the  bill,  except 
that  during  the  noon  recess  there  were  showers,  which  cooled  the  atmos- 
phere and  gave  an  enjoyable  after  part  of  the  day  and  a  glorious  evening. 

Early  in  the  morning  all  Cambridge  was  astir,  and  soon  the  crowd  came 
from  every  quarter  of  the  county  as  for  a  holiday  of  great  sacredness  of 

There  was  no  parade  on  the  program,  nor  band  show.  The  Electric  Park 
or  Consolidated  Band  and  the  Winchester  Drum  Corps,  with  Superintendent 
Cronebaugh  and  Professor  LaChat's  High  School  Glee  Club,  gave  the  best 
of  music,  timed  as  directed,  alternating  .with  the  addresses. 

A  little  after  nine  thirty  o'clock  Editor  David  D.  Taylor,  chairman  of  the 
board  of  trustees  of  the  Guernsey  County  Monumental  Association,  called  the 
crowd  at  the  Public  Square  to  order  and  asked  the  people  to  stand  silently  while 
Rev.  Dr.  McFarland  made  the  invocation.  Mr.  Taylor  also  presented  Hon. 
Milton  Turner  to  preside  over  the  further  exercises  of  the  day,  as  chairman 
of  the  building  trustees  appointed  by  the  county  commissioners.  Mr.  Turner 
was  greeted  with  applause,  and  spoke  as  follows : 

"The  history  of  this  soldiers'  monument  is  briefly  this :    About  ten  years 



ago  a  movement  was  started  to  build  a  soldiers'  monument  by  subscription. 
A  charter  was  taken  out,  and  an  association  formed  under  the  name  of  the 
Guernsey  County  Monumental  Association.  Fifteen  thousand  fine  litho- 
graphed life  membership  certificates  were  procured  and  a  regular  campaign 
opened  up  by  holding  meetings  in  each  township  of  the  county.  The  con- 
stitution provided  that  any  man,  woman  or  child,  white  or  colored,  could 
become  a  lifetime  voting  member  upon  the  payment  of  one  dollar.  A  vice- 
president  was  appointed  in  each  township,  and  a  book  of  blank  certificates 
left  in  his  hands  to  be  sold  to  all  who  wished  to  become  members.  After  the 
expiration  of  two  years  the  books  were  called  in,  and  did  not  show  sufficient 
receipts  to  pay  the  expenses  of  the  campaigns,  so  the  project  was  abandoned 
and  we  went  into  the  show  business.  A  hall  was  fitted  up  in  one  of  Colonel 
Taylor's  buildings,  and  a  series  of  entertainments  were  given  during  the  win- 
ter by  the  ladies  and  gentlemen  of  the  association.  Star  actors  appeared  on 
the  stage  in  the  persons  of  Hon.  D.  D.  Taylor,  Alfred  Weedon,  A.  K.  Broom, 
Capt.  A.  A.  Taylor,  J.  C.  Carver,  and  H.  F.  McDonald,  supported  by  a  strong 
coterie  of  the  best  ladies  of  the  town.  The  public  was  entertained  once  or 
twice  a  week  with  a  good  performance  for  the  sum  of  ten  cents.  Money 
accumulated  slowly  but  surely,  and  the  property  man  reported  an  accumula- 
tion of  over  four  hundred  dollars  in  paraphernalia,  pictures,  etc.  But,  alas, 
the  dread  fire  fiend  in  the  dead  hours  of  the  night  stole  upon  us,  and  reduced 
the  amphitheater  to  ashes.  For  six  long  years  the  movement  lay  dormant, 
until  the  monumental  association  again  arose,  Phoenix-like,  and  applied  to 
the  Legislature  for  a  special  act  authorizing  the  county  commissioners  to 
levy  a  tax  in  the  sum  of  fifteen  thousand  dollars.  The  bill  was  pushed 
through  the  House  by  the  Hon.  W.  L.  Simpson,  and  Hon.  J.  E.  Hurst  did 
not  let  it  stick  in  the  Senate.  The  county  commissioners  acted  promptly  un- 
der its  provisions  and  appointed  three  members  of  a  building  committee  and 
the  monumental  trustees  appointed  three,  as  was  also  provided  for  in  the 

The  building  committee  are,  in  addition  to  Milton  Turner,  president ; 
I.  A.  Oldham,  secretary;  A.  A.  Taylor,  treasurer;  J.  O.  Mcllyar,  A.  K. 
Broom  and  Thomas  Smith,  and  their  names  are  carved  on  the  monument  in 
the  rear  of  the  figure  of  the  cavalryman,  underneath  the  "Erected  by  the 
Monumental   Association  and  Commissioners  of  Guernsey  County,    1903." 

In  the  midst  of  the  reading  by  Mr.  Turner,  the  monument  was  unveiled 
by  himself  and  little  granddaughter,  Ruth  McMahon,  amidst  the  plaudits 
of  the  people.  There  was  a  hitch  in  the  proceeding,  but  the  veil  yielded  to 
some  stout  pulling,  and  the  Glee  Club  sang  the  "Soldiers'  Chorus." 


The  response  of  the  county  commissioners  accepting  the  monument 
was  by  II.  W.  Luccock,  in  his  usual  neat  and  eloquent  manner.  There  fol- 
lowed a  beautiful  medley  of  national  airs  by  the  band,  after  which  Gen.  R. 
B.  Brown,  of  Zanesville,  made  an  impressive  address.  After  further  singing 
and  music  by  the  band  and  drum  corps,  there  was  a  recess  until  two  o'clock. 
The  following  is  a  brief  account  of  the  afternoon  exercises: 

Hon.  Ralph  D.  Cole,  of  Findlay,  the  star  orator  of  the  last  two  Legisla- 
tures, made  the  oration  of  the  afternoon.  Senator  Hurst  telegraphed  from 
Xew  Philadelphia  that  he  could  not  come.  Freeman  T.  Eagleson  was  in- 
troduced by  Mr.  Turner  as  the  next  representative  -from  Guernsey  county. 
This  sentiment,  as  well  as  his  magnificent  speech,  was  cheered  to  the  echo. 
There  followed  speeches  by  Hon.  W.  L.  Simpson,  John  L.  Locke,  and,  in 
closing.  Editor  D.  D.  Taylor  made  an  address.  After  more  music,  and 
a  few  remarks  by  Chairman  Turner,  Rev.  Pope  pronounced  the  benediction. 

soldiers'  graves. 
(From  Colonel   Sarchet's  Writings.) 

The  soldiers  buried  in  the  old  graveyard,  as  near  as  we  can  now  remem- 
ber, are  :  Of  the  Revolutionary  war,  Capt.  Thomas  Cook,  Capt.  James  Jack, 
Thomas  Lawrence,  John  Linn,  Robert  Moffett,  Christopher  Donover,  Sr., 
and  Robert  Chambers;  of  the  war  of  1812,  Maj.  James  Dunlap,  Capt.  James 
Harding,  Capt.  Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  Lieut.  Wyatt  Hutchison,  Lieut.  David  Burt, 
Privates  John  Hutchison,  James  Turner,  Andrew  McConehay,  Andrew  Mar- 
shall, James  Kelley,  Joseph  Lofland,  William  Talbott,  Rodney  Talbott,  Peter 
Stears,  Peter  Torode,  John  Bollen,  John  McKee,  James  Thomas  and  Christo- 
pher Donover,  Jr.,  and  of  the  Mexican  war-,  John  Clark. 

Joseph  Lofland  was  a  soldier  in  the  regiment  of  Col.  Jonathan  Meigs  and 
was  with  the  army  of  the  Northwest  when  it  was  surrendered  to  the  British  at 
Detroit  by  Gen.  Joseph  Hull. 

From  the  number  of  names  we  have  given  as  buried  in  the  old  graveyard, 
which  is  perhaps  imperfect,  it  will  be  seen  that  that  neglected  two  acres  con- 
tain as  many  soldiers'  graves  in  proportion  to  area  as  does  the  city  cemetery. 
It  is  a  graveyard  filled  with  the  graves  of  heroes,  heroes  of  the  wars  that 
gave  liberty  to  the  struggling  colonies  and  the  heroes  who  endured  all  the  dan- 
gers incident  to  the  pioneer  settlement;  heroes  all;  let  the  dust  of  their  shrines 
be  the  Mecca  of  the  future  city  of  Cambridge. 

And  besides  the  soldiers  we  have  named  there  are  buried  in  it :  John 
Ferguson,  one  of  the  Irish  Rebels  of   1790;  Francis  Donsouchett,  a  soldier 


of  the  French  arm}'  of  the  First  Napoleon,  and  all  of  the  pioneer  settlers, 
the  Gombers,  Beattys,  Sarchets,  Tingles,  Hollers,  Bichards,  Lenfestys,  Hu- 
berts, McClenahans,  Talbotts,  Bells,  Hutchinsons,  Halleys,  Stewarts  and 


The  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  which  was  formed  all  over  the 
Northern  states  a  few  years  after  the  Civil  war,  was  early  in  the  field 
in  Guernsey  county,  and  had  various  posts  organized,  but  with  the  passing 
of  these  more  than  forty-five  years  since  that  conflict  closed,  the  soldiers 
have  died  in  such  great  numbers  that  only  a  few  posts  are  in  existence  today, 
and  the  most  of  the  fraternal  interest  is  now  centered  at  Cambridge,  where 
the  Cambridge  Post  was  formed  in  the  late  seventies,  went  down  and  was 
reorganized  in  February',  1884,  as  Post  No.  343.  It  now  has  a  membership 
of  about  one  hundred  and  fifty,  but  of  this  number  only  ninety-seven  are  in 
good  standing. 

The  1910  officers  are:  Commander,  Alfred  Weeden;  senior  vice-com- 
mander, D.  T.  Jeffries;  junior  vice-commander,  George  H.  Stottlemire;  chap- 
lain, Dr.  F.  A.  Brown;  quartermaster,  D.  W.  Nossett;  surgeon,  Stewart 
Harris;  officer  of  the  day,  Joseph  McGill;  officer  of  the  guard,  James  Al- 
ba'ugh;  adjutant,  John  Hamilton;  quartermaster  sergeant,  C.  F.  Camp; 
sergeant-major,  William  Priaulx. 

The  past  commanders  include  these :  Charles  L.  Campbell,  Hugh  Mc- 
Donald, A.  A.  Taylor,  Alfred  Weeden,  Henry  Coffman,  Robert  Hammond, 
W.  H.  C.  Hanna,  J.  C.  Carver,  R.  H.  Dilley,  D.  T.  Jeffries  and  B.  S. 
Herring.  The  deceased  of  this  number  are  Messrs.  Taylor,  Coffman,  Ham- 
mond and  Herring. 

At  the  old  Cambridge  cemetery  there  is  a  soldiers'  square  in  which 
the  annual  Memorial  services  are  held.  In  1905  the  Woman's  Relief  Corps 
caused  to  be  erected  a  handsome  monument  dedicated  to  the  "Unknown 
Dead."    It  is  about  twenty  feet  in  height  and  properly  inscribed. 

William  Reed  was  one  of  the  soldiers  from  Guernsey  county  who  par- 
ticipated in  the  famous  battle  on  Lake  Erie,  in  which  Commodore  Perry 
was  hero,  and  in  the  fine  oil  painting  of  that  lake  engagement,  now  gracing 
the  rotunda  of  the  State  House,  at  Columbus,  the  figure  of  the  man  manfully 
plying  an  oar,  while  his  face  was  tied  up  with  a  handkerchief,  with  blood 
running  down  over  him.  is  none  other  than  this  man,  William  Reed,  of  this 



Guernsey,  in  common  with  almost  every  county  in  Ohio,  from  the 
earliest  settlement,  sought  to  provide  good  schools,  both  of  a  private  and 
public  character.  Liberality  has  been  the  rule  from  the  days  when  lands 
were  given  for  such  purpose,  even  to  the  present  time,  when  none  but  mod- 
ern buildings  and  the  best  of  instructors  are  furnished  to  the  people,  cost 
what  it  does,  and  the  taxpayers,  as  a  rule,  are  not  complainers  of  the  amount 
of  money  thus  expended. 

Up  to  1836.  when  the  public  school  system  was  enacted  by  the  Ohio 
Legislature,  there  had  been  no  regular  educational  system,  or  regular  public 
school  building  erected  within  the  county.  Private  schools  were  taught  in 
the  various  settlements.  Anybody  who  desired  to  teach  school  got  up  a 
subscription  paper  proposing  to  teach  a  school  for  thirteen  weeks,  and  the 
branches  taught  were  the  alphabet,  spelling,  reading,  writing  and  arithmetic. 
There  were  eight  school  districts  formed  before  Cambridge  was  set  off  as 
No.  9  in  1836.  The  first  school  taught  in  the  town,  however,  was  in  the 
winter  of  1809-10.  by  John  Beatty,  a  Virginian,  and  the  brother  of  Zac- 
cheus  Beatty.  one  of  the  town's  founders. 

The  author  of  this  work  wrote  the  following  concerning  the  first  free 
school  in  Cambridge,  for  the  columns  of  the  Herald,  in  the  autumn  of  1902, 
and  the  same  is  the  best  authority  now  at  hand  on  this  subject: 


Professor  John  McBumey  handed  to  us  an  article  of  agreement,  dated 
February  25.  1833,  between  Joseph  Bute,  John  B.  Thompson  and  John 
Hersh,  Jr.,  directors  of  school  district  No.  7,  in  Cambridge  township,  Guern- 
sey county,  Ohio,  of  one  part,  and  Andrew  Magee,  teacher,  of  the  other  part, 
to-wit : 

"The  said  directors  agree  to  employ  Andrew  Magee,  teacher  of  a  com- 
mon school,  in  said  district,  for  a  period  of  three  months,  commencing  the 
first  day  of  February,  and  ending  on  the  12th  day  of  May.  free  for  all  chil- 


dren  between  the  ages  of  four  and  twenty-one  years,  agreeable  to  the  thirty- 
fourth  section  of  the  Ohio  school  law,  passed  March  2,  1831,  and  in  con- 
sideration of  his  services  as  teacher,  they  do  hereby  engage  to  pay  over  to 
said  teacher,  at  the  close  of  such  quarter,  the  sum  of  seventy-five  dollars, 
out  of  the  school  funds  belonging  to  said  district.  And  the  said  Andrew 
Magee  agrees  with  the  directors  that  he  will  teach  the  several  branches  of 
an  English  education  specified  in  the  certificate  of  qualification  granted  by 
the  board  of  school  examiners  of  Guernsey  county,  according  to  the  best 
of  his  abilities — to  keep  the  same  open  for  school  exercises  from  eight  to 
twelve  o'clock  in  the  forenoon,  and  from  one  to  four  o'clock  on  the  "after- 
noon of  each  day  of  the  week.  Saturday  afternoon  excepted,  from  the  twelfth 
dav  of  February  to  the  first  day  of  April  next,  and  from  eight  to  twelve 
o'clock  in  forenoon,  and  from  half-past  one  o'clock  to  five  o'clock  in  the 
afternoon  of  each  day  thereafter,  to  provide  at  his  costs  for  use  of  said 
school,  the  room,  desks  and  fuel  necessary,  and  moreover  to  use  all  reason- 
able diligence  and  attention  toward  the  improvement  of  those  attending 

School  district  Xo.  7  comprised  all  of  the  town  of  Cambridge  west  of 
the  public  square,  extending  north  to  Wills  creek,  and  west  and  north  of 
the  National  road  to  the  Adams  township  line.  Moses  Sarchet  was  the 
clerk  of  the  district,  and  Ebenezer  Smith  treasurer.  At  that  time  Joseph  Bute 
resided  in  the  old  David  Burt  house,  which  covered  the  front  of  the  lot  now 
occupied  by  the  Burgess,  Schaser  and  Zanhiser  properties.  John  B.  Thompson 
resided  in  a  small  frame  house  on  the  lot  now  occupied  by  the  Hutchison 
block.  John  Hersh  was  then  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Guernsey  Times, 
and  resided  in  a  frame  house,  corner  of  Steubenville  avenue  and  Seventh 
street,  on  the  lot  now  the  residences  of  Dr.  C.  A.  Moore  and  Rev.  Dr.  Milli- 
gan.  The  Guernsey  Times  office  was  in  a  small  frame  house  on  the  same 
lot.  The  school  was  in  the  old  Masonic  building  on  North  Seventh  street. 
Moses  Sarchet  resided  in  the  Burgess  house,  corner  of  North  Eighth  street 
and  Steubenville  avenue,  and  Ebenezer  Smith  resided  on  North  Sixth  street, 
in  what  was  known  as  the  Hersh  house,  and  later  the  site  of  the  Gooderl 

This  quarter  of  three  months'  free  school  was  the  first  altogether  free 
school  in  Cambridge  township,  and  at  the  same  time  there  was  a  school  in 
District  Xo.  6,  which  comprised  the  east  of  the  township  for  a  considerable 
distance  east.  At  all  the  schools,  heretofore,  the  state  school  fund  was  ap- 
plied for  the  payment  of  teachers,  but  was  not  sufficient,  and  the  residue  was 
made  up  by  levying  a  percentage  on  each  scholar  in  attendance,  which  had 
to  be  collected  by  the  teacher. 


The  paper  cm  which  the  article  of  agreement  is  written  is  well  preserved, 
and  should  he  kept  in  the  school  library,  as  a  record  of  the  first  free  school  in 
Cambridge.  The  writer  was  a  scholar  in  the  school  taught  by  Andrew 
Magee,  and  twenty-two  years  later  was  married  by  Rev.  Andrew  Magee, 
so  thai  with  him  he  began  a  school  life  and  matrimonial  life. 


Continuing,  the  same  writer  says  of  the  schools  in  general: 

Charles  Marquand  in  early  days  taught  a  school  in  a  house  on  the  Kirk- 
patrick  lot,  on  Wheeling  avenue  and  South  Ninth  street.  He  was  a  good 
scholar  and  a  first-class  penman.  Some  of  the  scholars  of  this  school  after- 
ward filled  some  of  the  county  offices.  One  of  these.  Jacob  G.  Metcalf,  was 
an  ambidexter,  writing  a  good  legible  hand,  as  the  records  of  the  county 
will  show.  Judge  Joseph  D.  Tingle  and  Moses  Sarchet,  Esq.,  were,  per- 
haps, the  last  living  scholars  of  the  Campbell  school.  Mrs.  Nancy  B.  Noble, 
Mrs.  Nancy  P..  Albright,  Mrs.  Samuel  H.  Oldham  and  Mrs.  Margaret 
Thompson  were  scholars  of  the  Marquand  school.  These  schools  were  all 
subscription  schools.  After  these,  there  was  a  school  taught  by  John  W. 
Kipi>.  in  a  part  of  the  Ogier  house  on  Wheeling  avenue.  This  school  was 
party  paid  by  the  state  school  funds  and  partly  by  assessment  per  scholar. 
Kipp  was  the  compiler  of  a  spelling  hook,  called  "Kipp's  Speller."  This  book 
and  tuition  could  be  paid  for  in  trade:  bees-wax.  gentian,  furs  and  snake  root 
were  regarded  as  cash,  and  were  the  staple  articles  at  that  time.  A  file  of 
the  first  volume  of  the  Guernsey  Times.  1824,  will  show  an  advertisement  of 
the  "Cambridge  Academy."  William  Sedgwick,  teacher.  This  academy  was 
located  on  the  brow  of  the  hill  on  the  Harris  lot.  Wheeling  avenue,  in  a 
small  frame  building.  An  eccentric  old  German,  Elias  Entz,  had  a  saddle 
and  harness  shop  in  the  front  room,  and  the  academy  was  in  the  rear.  Entz 
was  a  teacher,  as  well  as  Sedgwick,  and  while  Sedgwick,  in  the  rear,  was 
teaching  the  young  idea  how  to  shoot.  Entz,  in  the  front,  was  teaching  the 
ravens  how  to  talk,  and  notably  one  "Bony."  whose  fame  as  a  talker  was  known 
from  east  to  west  along  the  old  Wheeling  road,  afterward  the  National  road. 
It  may  he  that  this  academy  was  of  great  advantage  to  "Bony,"  and  that  his 
ravenship  when  on  his  perch  in  the  saddler-shop  gathered  in  the  A  I!  C's 
and  T  O  U's  as  the  groundwork  for  his  afterward  successful  raven  scholar- 
ship. "Bony."  when  out  on  his  perch  in  front  of  the  shop,  would  help  the 
teamsters  drive  up  the  hill  by  clucking.  "Get  up  there,''  "Whoa  haw."  "Go 


up."  etc.  He  would  whistle  up  the  dogs,  and  then  cry,  "Go  home,  you 
whelps."  He  would  cry  out  to  pedestrians,  "Stop!"  and  then  laugh  at  their 
surprise.  And  while  all  this  was  going  on,  the  old  German  would  be  stitching 
away,  enjoying  the  fun  as  prompter  behind  the  scenes. 

In  1825  the  Legislature  passed  a  law  requiring  a  tax  to  be  levied  for 
the  support  of  schools.  But  it  was  eight  or  ten  years  after  before  even  this 
fund  came  to  be  available  for  the  payment  of  teachers,  and  then  for  not 
more  than  three  or  four  months  during  the  winter  season.  As  we  have  said, 
the  Kipp  school  had  the  advantage  of  this  fund,  but  the  law  then  only  granted 
the  power  to  levy,  and  levies  were  only  made  by  the  school  boards  to  afford 
a  sum  for  the  part  payment  of  teachers,  leaving  the  parents  who  were  con- 
sidered able  to  make  up  the  balance.  William  Sedgwick  was  one  of  the 
early  Baptist  ministers  of  this  section  of  Ohio,  and  often  preached  in  Cam- 
bridge, and  at  the  time  of  his  academy  taught  a  Bible-reading  school  on  Sun- 
dav  in  the  grand  jury  room  of  the  old  court  house,  which  was  attended  by 
old  and  young  of  all  denominations,  and  as  these  were  the  days  of  contro- 
versy, as  to  election  and  reprobation,  sprinkling  and  dipping,  there  were 
often  some  very  spirited  and  angry  discussions. 

The  first  altogether  free  school  began,  within  the  knowledge  of  the 
writer,  about  the  year  1834-35.  Andrew  Magee,  afterward  a  preacher  of 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  in  the  Pittsburg  conference,  was  the  first 
teacher.  This  school  was  in  the  lower  room  of  the  old  Freemason  lodge, 
now  a  part  of  the  McConehey  building  on  North  Seventh  street.  The  floor 
was  of  brick,  and  the  benches  were  of  the  primitive  style,  slabs  with  pins  for 
support,  and  the  desks  for  writing  were  rough  boards  pinned  up  around  the 
wall  on  one  side,  at  which  those  who  were  advanced  to  writing  took  turns. 
The  teacher  meanwhile  mended  the  goose-quill  pens,  and  set  the  copies, 
"Command  you  may  your  mind  from  play,  every  moment  of  the  day."  The 
ink.  often  made  out  of  polkberry  juice  or  copperas,  was  hung  to  the  wall 
in  a  bottle.  The  day  of  ink-stands  was  not  yet.  The  boy  or  girl  who  had  a 
slate,  or  a  real  slate  pencil,  belonged  to  the  "upper  ten"  of  that  day,  and  even 
the  boy  who  had  a  piece  of  slate  handed  down  from  away  back,  and  a  soap- 
stone  pencil,  was  a  subject  of  some  envy  by  those  who  had  only  a  multipli- 
cation table  roughly  prepared  on  a  piece  of  paper.  This  was  the  first  step 
toward  the  slate,  and  when  the  slate  came,  how  soon  the  average  boy  or 
girl  became  an  artist,  and  horses,  dogs,  houses  and  kites  often  took  the  place 
of  figures  and  brought  to  the  back  of  the  busy  artist  the  ever-indispensable 
hickory,  for  it  was  by  might  and  power  the  master  reigned,  his  right  no  one 
to  dispute. 


Prior  to  1838,  Richard  Hatton  taught  several  terms  of  three  months' 
school.  In  the  winter  of  1837  or  1838  the  town  was  divided,  and  there  were 
two  free  schools,  called  the  up-town  and  down-town.  The  down-town  school 
was  taught  by  a  Mr.  Lowry;  the  up-town  by  an  Irishman,  William  Latimore. 
At  Christmas  came  the  bar-out ;  this  custom  followed  the  free  school.  The 
day  before- Christmas  the  terms  of  the  treat,  usually  gingerbread,  cider  and 
apples,  were  written  out  and  laid  before  the  teacher  for  his  approval  or  re- 
jection. If  rejected,  the  next  morning  found  the  schoolroom  in  possession 
of  the  larger  boys,  the  doors  and  windows  well  barricaded,  and  supplies  of 
fuel  and  provisions  laid  up  for  a  long  siege.  The  demand  to  open  the  door 
by  the  teacher  or  directors  was  answered  by  a  demand  to  sign  the  protocol. 
Sometimes  the  teacher  succeeded  in  entering  the  house,  and  subduing  the 
rebellion,  but  most  generally  the  boys  succeeded  in  holding  the  house  until 
the  besiegers  surrendered.  This  was  reversing  the  order  of  warfare;  but 
sometimes  some  moat  or  breastwork  was  left  poorly  guarded,  and  a  daring 
sally  forced  through  an  entrance,  and  the  fort  was  taken  and  the  boys  led 
away  to  be  beaten  afterward  with  many  stripes,  and  the  little  fellows  on  the 
outside,  whose  mouths  had  been  watering  for  gingerbread  and  cider,  looked 
on  with  hope  deferred  to  some  other  day.  On  the  day  before  Christmas, 
Lowry,  whose  school  was  in  the  basement  of  the  old  Methodist  Protestant 
church,  found  the  door  barricaded  and  the  boys  in  possession.  He  had  re- 
fused to  agree  to  the  terms.  He  soon  found  an  unprotected  point,  by  an 
entrance  through  a  trap  door,  from  the  church  above,  which  he  opened  and 
bounded  down  into  the  room,  and  demanded  surrender  in  terms  as  imperious 
as  old  Ethan  Allen  at  Ticonderoga,  when  he  demanded  the  surrender  of 
the  fort  in  the  name  of  the  "Great  Jehovah  and  the  Continental  Congress," 
but  the  besieged  didn't  surrender.  They  pounced  onto  Lowry,  and,  opening 
the  door,  took  him  down  the  hill,  overlooking  the  stone  quarry,  and,  taking 
him  by  the  arms  and  legs,  they  proposed  to  swing  him  over,  counting  "one, 
two,  three,"  and  then,  if  no  cry  of  surrender  was  heard,  to  let  him  flicker,  but 
he  cried  "Cavy."  The  school  was  resumed,  and  the  gingerbread,  cider  and 
apples  passed  around.  At  the  up-town  school,  the  old  Irishman,  Latimore,  met 
with  the  same  resistance.  This  school  was  in  a  log  cabin  that  stood  on  the 
Milner  lot,  Wheeling  avenue.  Latimore  soon  decided  that  he  would  scale 
the  fort  and  smoke  the  boys  out.  He  got  a  ladder,  and  was  soon  on  the  roof, 
covering  the  chimney  with  clapboards  off  the  roof.  The  boys  did  not  long 
stand  the  smoke  within,  but  bounded  out  and  secured  the  ladder  before 
Latimore  could  get  to  it,  and  they  had  him  treed.  After  they  had  marched 
around  less  than  seven  times,  he  demanded  that  he  be  let  down  and  he  would 


comply  with  their  terms,  and  the  gingerbread,  cider  and  apples  were  passed 
around.  This  was  a  custom  of  barbarous  days,  and  is  happily  now  no  more, 
but  it  was  no  more  barbarous  than  is  the  custom  of  hazing,  now  practiced 
in  the  best  colleges  of  the  land. 

We  have  now  passed  over  the  schools  of  Cambridge  from  the  first 
in  iSnj  to  the  beginning  of  the  free  schools  in  1836.  We  have  not  given 
all  the  schools,  having  named  only  those  that  seemed  to  be  of  the  most  note. 
During  these  years  there  were  schools  taught  by  Reverend  Mills,  a  Presby- 
terian preacher,  John  McGuire,  William  Walker,  C.  J.  Albright,  Joshua 
Hunt.  A.  W.  Beatty,  J.  D.  Tingle,  Mrs.  Rhoda  Needham.  Miss  Mary 
Hersh,  Miss  La  Baire,  Miss  Gibbs  and  perhaps  others.  These  were  all  the 
ungraded  scholars,  and  they  brought  such  books  as  they  had,  the  "English 
Reader,"  "Introduction  to  the  English  Reader,"  and  the  Testament.  These 
were  the  general  reading  books.  Dillworth's  and  the  "United  States"  were 
the  spelling  books.  Arithmetics  were  the  "Western  Calculator,"  Smith's 
and  Parke's.  Uriah  Parke  lived  at  Zanesville,  and  his  arithmetic  was  pub- 
lished, we  believe,  by  himself,  he  being  a  printer.  Owley's  Geography  was 
just  coming  into  use.  The  Dillworth  Speller  was  a  partial  geography,  giv- 
ing a  description  of  the  earth  and  its  grand  divisions,  and  a  more  general 
description  of  the  United  States. 

The  one  main  feature  of  these  schools  was  the  spelling  class,  which 
formed  in  a  line  on  one  side  of  the  schoolroom,  and  the  graduation  was 
from  foot  to  head.  The  lesson  was  first  spelled  by  use  of  the  book,  then 
the  book  was  closed,  and  the  strife  for  head  began.  If  a  word  was  mis- 
spelled, it  passed  to  the  next  until  spelled,  then  the  speller  went  up,  and 
the  strife  was  more  animated  when  the  lucky  speller,  if  a  boy,  would  chance 
to  lie  placed  between  two  girls  that  he  liked,  and  in  those  days  the  boys  liked 
the  girls,  for  in  the  fly-leaves  of  the  spelling-books  might  have  been  found 
this  stanza : 

"The  rose  is  red,  the  violet  blue, 
Sugar  is  sweet,  and  so  are  you." 

The  rod  of  correction  had  a  more  general  use  then  than  now,  and  the 
idle  fool  got  whipped  at  school,  and  the  dunce  wore  the  "dunce-cap." 

In  1838,  William  Sedgwick,  on  the  part  of  the  Cambridge  lodge  of 
Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  deeded  to  the  "Cambridge  Academy"  lot  82 
in  Steubenville  avenue,  now  the  McConehey  lot.  This  was  a  corporation 
under  the  laws  of  Ohio.  Dr.  Thomas  Miller,  Gordon  Lofland,  Jacob  G. 
Metcalf,    James    M.    Bell   and   Moses    Sarchet   were   the    incorporators    and 


directors.  This  academy  was  opened  in  the  fall  of  [838,  William  Ellis, 
principal  and  teacher.  The  academy  sessions  were  for  live  months,  and  the 
tuition  eight  dollars  per  session.  Tt  was  expected  that  the  scholarship  would 
pay  all  expenses,  if  not,  the  corporation  guaranteed  the  payment.  This 
school  or  .academy  was  the  first  attempt  toward  a  graded  school  in  Cam- 
bridge, and  the  hoys  and  girls  of  this  school  were  supposed  to  be  higher  up 
than  the  common  herd,  ami  were  called  by  way  of  derision  "upper  crust," 
or  "college  bred."  This  academy  was  carried  on  with  varied  success,  under 
the  principalship  of  William  FJlis,  Mitchell  Miller  and  Thomas  Brown, 
until  1844.  Thomas  Brown,  the  last  principal,  brother  of  Turner  G.  Brown, 
of  Cambridge,  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  common  school  teacher  of 
Guernsey  county  who  received  twenty  dollars  per  month  for  teaching.  The 
writer  of  this  passed  out  of  this  academy  at  the  age  of  fourteen  years,  with 
a  grade  above  ninety-five,  in  algebra,  mensuration,  geometry,  trigonometry, 
surveying  and  history,  which  was  the  curriculum  of  the  last  session,  having, 
as  was  then  supposed,  an  education  high  enough  for  all  practical  purposes, 
and  has  regretted  so  far  in  his  life  that  he  failed  to  continue  through  the 
years  from  fourteen  to  twenty,  which  are  the  years  of  life,  whether  of  boy  or 
girl,  that  will  tell  if  improved,  in  the  manhood  or  womanhood  of  those  who 
are  so  fortunate  as  to  have  the  opportunity.  A  man  or  woman  may  educate 
himself,  and  this  self-education  may  be  of  more  practical  advantage  than  that 
of  the  school,  but  its  acquirement  after  entering  upon  the  active  duties  of 
life  means  self-sacrifice  and  labor  that  but  few  are  read)*  to  make. 

The  "old  lodge."  as  this  academy  was  called,  was  embellished  with  paper 
on  the  walls,  representing  Chinese  towers  and  scenery,  grand  marches  and 
imposing  burials  of  orders,  going  back,  perhaps,  to  the  days  of  Confucius, 
and  the  border  round  the  ceiling  consisted  of  the  pictures  of  Washington 
and  Lafayette,  as  the  two  representative  Masons.  In  this  old  room  was  held 
our  Philomathean  society,  where  we  orated,  declaimed  and  essayed,  as  young 
Ciceros:  but 'following,  as  this  did,  the  great  Morgan  anti-Masonic  wave, 
we  sometimes  sat  in  awe  and  trembling,  thinking  that  the  ghost  of  some  re- 
vealer  of  the  "mysterious  glorious  science"  might  troop  through  the  room 
headless,  or  shackled  with  clanking  chains,  as  the  representative  of  the  dark 
mysteries  which  seemed  to  attach  themselves  to  the  order  that  was  then 
thought  to  have  abducted  William  Morgan.  Morgan  lived  in  the  town  of 
Batavia,  Xew  York.  and.  it  was  said,  was  about  to  publish  an  exposure  of 
the  secrets  of  Masonry  in  connection  with  the  editor  of  the  Republican 
Adz'ocatc,  who,  as  well  as  Morgan,  had  been  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
order.     While  this  rumor  of  the  exposure  of  Masonry,  about  to  be  made, 


spread  through  the  country,  the  community  was  startled  by  tidings  that 
Morgan  had  been  seized  and  carried  off,  no  one  knew  where.  The  greatest 
excitement  spread  throughout  the  community,  committees  of  vigilance  were 
formed,  and  an  investigation  initiated,  which  resulted  in  tracing  the  ab- 
ductors and  their  victims  out  upon  Lake  Ontario,  and  led  to  the  belief  that 
Morgan  had  been  consigned  to  its  depths,  as  no  trace  of  him  was  further 
heard.  This  gave  rise  to  the  anti-Masonic  party,  which  sprang  up  in  New 
York  and  Pennsylvania  in  1827,  and  later  in  Ohio.  Joseph  Ritner  was 
chosen  governor  of  Pennsylvania  in  1835  as  an  anti-Mason.  The  abduction 
of  Morgan  did  not  prevent  the  publication  of  the  proposed  exposure.  Mor- 
gan's book  was  published  and  others  that  claimed  to  give  the  regulations, 
signs,  ceremonies  and  passwords  of  the  order  and  its  traditional  secrets. 
However  true  these  books  may  have  been,  and  the  political  opposition  which 
was  the  outgrowth  of  the  times,  Masonry,  for  awhile,  was  under  a  ban, 
and  it  was  ten  years  or  more  before  a  lodge  could  be  reinstituted,  here  in 
Cambridge,  and  we  know  from  past  experience  that  the  average  boy  of 
twelve  years  of  age,  at  that  day,  after  hearing  the  wonderful  tales  about 
the  "Morgan  killers,"  had  to  whistle  up  a  good  deal  of  courage  to  sit  in  a 
deserted  lodge  room,  dimly  lighted  with  tallow  candles,  where  once  the  tra- 
ditional goat  bounded  from  cliff  to  cliff  and  the  clanking  chains  were  heard 
that  bound  the  victim  to  unbrotherly  servitude,  and  no  flash  of  the  mystic 
light  shone  on  his  way  as  he  traveled  toward  the  ineffable. 


(Published  in  the  Guernsey  Times.  January  12,  1S38-9.) 

"Notice  is  hereby  given  to  all  persons  residing  within  the  corporate  limits 

of  the  town  of  Cambridge,  that  a  district  school  will  be  taught  by  Mr.  Hatton 

in  the  Academy  for  a  period  of  three  months,  commencing  on  Monday,  the 

fifth  day  of  November  inst.     And  also  that  a  district  school  will  be  taught 

by  Miss  Haft  in  Mrs.  McCleary's  house  immediately  east  of  the  court  house 

for  the  same  time,  and  commencing  on  the  same  day.     For  the  present,  the 

male  scholars  are  directed  to  attend  the  school  to  be  taught  by  Mr.  Hatton. 

and   the    females   the   school   taught   by   Miss   Haft.     Said   schools   will   be 

entirely   free   to   all   children    residing   within   the   corporate   limits   of    said 

town,  who  are  by  law  entitled  to  attend  a  district  school.     No  part  of  the 

teacher's  compensation  will  be  assessed  upon  the  scholars  who  may  attend. 

"By  orders  of  the  Directors. 

"Cambridge,  November  3.  1838.  J.  G.  Metcalf,  D.  C." 


Nowadays,  when  the  position  of  teacher  in  the  schools  is  open,  there 
are  countless  applicants,  but  in  the  earlier  days  a  competent  teacher  was  by 
no  means  easy  to  secure,  as  the  following  advertisement  from  the  Guernsey 
limes  of  December  7,   1839,  testifies: 

"a  teacher  wanted. 

"A  person  who  can  come  recommended,  as  to  character  and  qualifica- 
tion as  a  common  school  teacher,  can  get  employment  by  inquiring  of  the 
directors  of  the  Tenth  school  district  in  Londonderry  township. 

"Jas.  McCollough, 
"Jno.   Miller, 
"T.  G.  Brown, 
"November  23,   1839.  School  Directors." 

more  on  the  schools. 

Rev.  "William  Wallace,  Thomas  Beahan,  William  Allison,  John  K.  Fes- 
ler,  Moses  Oldham  and  William  Morton  were  teachers  of  free  schools  in 
the  old  lodge  before  the  adoption  by  the  school  district  of  the  union  school 
law,  known  as  the  Akron  school  law.  There  were  also  women  teachers,  in 
connection  with  these,  Mrs.  Martha  Carnes,  Miss  Dorcas  Reed,  Miss  Sarah 
Metcalf,  Miss  Anna  M.  Beatty  and  others. 

The  union  school  was  organized  in  1850  with  Robert  B.  Moore,  C.  L. 
Madison,  Thomas  W.  Peacock,  Samuel  Craig,  James  Hunter  and  Matthew 
Gaston  as  directors.  The  school  building,  the  old  lodge,  was  enlarged  to 
four  rooms.  William  M.  Lyons  was  principal,  Miss  Dorcas  Reed,  Miss  Lou 
Hill  and  Miss  Kate  McCluskey,  teachers.  William  M.  Lyons  was  a  brother 
of  Lord  Lyons,  once  a  minister  from  England  to  the  United  States.  He 
took  great  pride  in  his  high  connection,  and  never  tired  in  letting  everybody 
know  that  he  was  the  brother  of  a  lord. 

"A  king  can  made  a  belted  knight, 

A  marquis,  duke  or  squire. 
But  an  honest  man's  above  his  might, 

He's  prince  of  men,  and  a'  that." 

Lyons  came  here  as  a  portrait  painter,  and  it  may  be  that  some  of  his 
work  is  yet  extant  in  Cambridge. 


The  Methodist  Protestant  church  located  a  college  here  in  1850,  and 
began  its  erection.  Its  site  was  the  present  site  of  the  new  school  building 
on  Wheeling  avenue.  This  building  was  three  stories  in  height,  but  was 
never  completed.  It  was  badly  demolished  by  a  cyclone  which  visited  Cam- 
bridge in  May.  1852.  This  so  crippled  the  enterprise,  which  was  in  a  critical 
financial  state,  that  the  project  was  abandoned.  The  building  was  bought 
for  school  purposes  by  the  directors,  raised  to  a  two-story  building  containing 
five  rooms,  and  was  occupied  for  school  purposes  in  i860,  John  McClen- 
ahan,  principal.  He  resigned  in  1861,  entering  the  army  as  captain  of  a  com- 
pany in  the  Fifteenth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry.  This  building  was  enlarged 
in  1865-66  by  two  additional  rooms,  and  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  September, 
1*871,  the  school  being  continued  in  rented  rooms  in  different  parts  of  the 
town,  until  the  building  and  completion  of  the  present  central  school  build- 
ing, first  occupied  in  February,   1874. 

After  the  burning  of  the  school  building,  a  public  meeting  of  the  voters 
of  the  district  was  held  in  the  court  house,  with  a  view  of  instructing  the 
directors  as  to  rebuilding.  The  question  submitted  was  whether  two  build- 
ings, one  in  the  east  and  one  in  the  west,  should  be  built,  or  one  central 
building,  and  a  majority  favored  one  central  building.  The  directors  bought 
a  hole,  the  present  site,  and  began  to  fill  it  up  with  earth  and  stone,  but  never 
succeeded,  as  the  present  elevation  very  plainly  shows.  Of  the  first  directors 
named,  all  are  dead  but  C.  L.  Madison.  They  were  not  connected  with  the 
last  building,  and  only  a  part  of  them  with  the  second.  Professor  Lyons  was 
followed  by  James  McClain,  J.  C.  Douglass,  Levi  C.  Brown,  W.  K.  Gooderl, 
C.  C.  B.  Duncan,  John  McClenahan  and  Samuel  Kirkwood,  now  professor 
in  Wooster  University  at  Wooster,  Ohio.  Kirkwood  resigned,  and  his  term 
was  finished  out  by  John  S.  Speer. 

John  S.  Speer  was  followed  by  Thomas  Smith,  and  he  by  Prof.  John 
McBurney.  This  brings  the  history  of  the  schools  down  to  a  time  with 
which  almost  everyone  is  familiar.  Great  and  wise  is  the  provision  of  the 
United  States  setting  aside  one-thirty-sixth  part  of  all  the  lands  to  the  state 
to  afford  a  free  education  of  its  youth,  with  the  hope  that  all  the  youth  of  the 
state  may  avail  themselves  of  this  gratuitous  education,  that  knowledge 
may  abound  and  truth  and  righteousness  reign  supreme  in  the  land,  and  that 
intelligence  and  sobriety  shall  measure  the  advancing  step  toward  universal 


The  following  history  of  the  Cambridge  schools  was  written  by  Wilson 
McMahon,  a  pupil  in  them,  and  read  as  an  essay  in  his  room.     It  was  pub- 


lished  in  the  Jeffersonian  in  June,  1880,  and  is  so  complete  an  account  of 
important  facts  in  the  educational  history  of  the  county  that  it  is  worthy 
of  preservation  in  the  public  press: 

In  the  winter  of  1809-10,  the  first  school  in  Cambridge  was  taught  by 
John  Beatty,  a  Virginian,  and  a  brother  of  Col.  Zaccheus  Beatty,  one  of  the 
founders  and  original  proprietors  of  the  town.  It  was  held  in  one  of  the 
several  small  cabins  which  stood  on  the  north  bank  of  Wills  creek,  near  where 
the  old  bridge  crossed  that  stream.  He  was  succeeded  by  his  sister,  Mrs. 
Sarah  McClenahan,  who  taught  a  school  in  one  of  the  rooms  of  her  father's 
dwelling-house,  which  stood  on  Lot  No.  62.  The  next  schools  were  held 
in  a  log  building,  that  stood  on  Lot  No.  21,  and  were  taught  by  John  W. 
Kipp,  who  afterward  compiled  a  speller  that  was  published;  Elijah  Dyson, 
the  first  sheriff  of  Guernsey  county,  and  a  man  by  the  name  of  Acheson. 

During  the  winter  of  181 3- 14,  a  school  "was  taught  in  the  same  place 
by  Thomas  Campbell,  the  father  of  the  late  Rev.  Alexander  Campbell,  of 
Bethany,  West  Virginia.  From  this  time  until  the  organization  of  the  public 
schools  under  the  act  of  1836,  there  was  no  regular  school  building  or  any 
system  of  education  established.  Anybody  who  desired  to  teach  got  up  a 
subscription  paper  proposing  to  teach  a  school  upon  certain  terms — these 
usually  being  fifty  cents  per  scholar  for  thirteen  weeks — and  the  branches 
taught  were  the  alphabet,  spelling,  reading,  writing  and  arithmetic.  The 
parents  gave  little  attention  to  the  schools.  The  teachers,  generally,  were 
not  very  profound  scholars;  they  went  in  on  their  muscle,  and  if  they  suc- 
ceeded in  maintaining  their  authority  no  one  complained. 

Upon  the  organization  of  the  public  schools  in  1836,  Cambridge  became 
school  district  No.  9.  Andrew  Magee  was  the  first  district  school  teacher. 
In  1843,  Thomas  and  William  Brown  taught  what  they  called  the  Academy. 

William  Morton,  who  taught  in  the  school  building  now  the  McConehay 
property  on  Steubenville  and  Pine  streets,  from  1847  to  I§49'  's  entitled  to 
notice  as  the  best  mathematician  and  most  thorough  grammarian  in  the 
state  of  Ohio.  He  taught  the  boys,  and  Mrs.  Karnes  the  girls.  Mr.  Morton 
had  about  ninety  boys  in  his  classes,  the  names  of  most  of  whom  were  after- 
ward borne  upon  the  honorable  rolls  of  the  volunteers  in  the  war  of  1861. 
On  the  original  rolls  of  the  school  appear  the  names  of  Moore,  Rainey, 
Lofland,  Metcalf,  Grimes,  Salmon,  Jefferson,  Logan,  Evans,  Tingle,  Brown, 
Bonnell,  Hirsch,  etc.     Lemuel  Bonnell  was  assistant  teacher  for  some  time. 

The  Union  school  was  organized  in  1850.  and  William  M.  Lyons,  a 
younger  brother  of  Lord  Lyons,  the  late  minister  from  England  to  the 
United  States,  became  the  first  principal,  at  a  salary  of  thirty-five  dollars 
per  month.     Mr.  Lyons  is  now  living  in  Zanesville.  Ohio,  on  a  pension  which 


he  receives  from  his  brother.  Then  the  school  had  but  four  rooms,  the 
fourth  room  being  taught  by  the  principal.  Under  Principal  Lyons  the 
teachers  were  Miss  Lou  Hill,  Miss  Kate  McCluskey  and  Miss  Dorcas  Reed. 

The  principals  from  1850  to  1853  were  William  M.  Lyons,  James  Mc- 
Clain,  Miss  Dorcas  Reed  and  Joseph  D.  Tingle;  salary,  thirty-five  dollars  per 
month;  from  1853  to  1857,  J.  C.  Douglass,  Levi  C.  Brown,  W.  K.  Gooderl  and 
C.  C.  B.  Duncan;  salary,  forty  dollars  per  month;  from  1858  to  1861,  John 
McClenahan  was  principal  at  sixty  dollars  per  month.  In  1861  he  resigned 
his  position  to  recruit  a  company  for  the  Fifteenth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry, 
of  which  he  afterward  became  colonel.  In  August,  1861,  Samuel  Kirkwood, 
now  professor  of  mathematics  at  Wooster  University,  Wooster,  Ohio,  be- 
came the  first  superintendent  at  a  salary  of  four  hundred  and  fifty  dollars 
a  year;  but  Mr.  Kirkwood  leaving  before  the  year  was  out,  John  Speer 
finished  the  term.  He  was  succeeded  by  Thomas  H.  Smith,  at  a  salary  of  six 
hundred  dollars  a  year.  In  August,  1866,  Prof.  John  McBurney,  now  pro- 
fessor of  natural  science  in  Muskingum  College  at  New  Concord,  was  elected 
superintendent,  at  a  salary  of  five  hundred  and  forty  dollars  a  year,  which 
was  afterward  increased  to  one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars  a  year.  In 
1880  he  was  succeeded  by  Prof.  J.  E.  Williams,  at  a  salary  of  one  thousand 
dollars  a  year. 

The  high  school  was  organized  in  1869.  The  following  are  the  names 
of  the  teachers,  with  the  time  they  taught:  Prof.  John  McBurney,  four  years; 
T.  H.  Anderson,  one  term;  Rev.  W.  V.  Milligan,  three  years;  William 
Fleming,  one  month;  Miss  Means,  three  years;  J.  H.  Mackey,  two  terms;  I. 
A.  Tannehill,  one  year;  E.  L.  Abbey,  one  year. 

In  1872,  the  first  class,  composed  of  four  girls,  was  graduated.  After 
the  loss  of  the  former  school  building,  and  while  the  present  building  was  in 
process  of  erection,  the  schools  occupied  such  rooms  as  could  be  procured 
for  them,  and  were  subjected  to  every  inconvenience.  As  a  result,  there  were 
no  classes  graduated  in  1873-74,  but  afterward  they  were  graduated  as 
follows : 

Boys.     Girls. 

1875    "  8 

1876   2  7 

1877   3  2 

1878   5  6 

1879   3  8 

1880   5  11 

Total    18  46 


In  all.  sixty-four.  This  year's  graduating  class  was  composed  of  four 
boys  and  seven  girls,  which,  added  to  the  above,  will  make  twenty-two  boys 
and  fifty-three  girls,  making  the  total  number  of  graduates  seventy-five. 

Changes  in  classification,  grading,  course  of  study  and  methods  of  in- 
struction and  of  examining  have  been  made  from  time  to  time,  as  the  interests 
of  the  school  seemed  to  require.  The  present  course  of  study  embraces  all 
branches  of  a  thorough  and  complete  English  education,  together  with  Ger- 
man and  Latin. 

In  iSdo  a  building  in  the  east  end  of  town  was  purchased  for  one  thou- 
sand two  hundred  and  one  dollars,  and  finished  for  school  purposes  for 
five  thousand  dollars,  making  a  total  cost  of  six  thousand  two  hundred  and 
one  dollars.  It  contained  five  rooms,  to  which  two  more  were  added  in  1866. 
This  building  was  destroyed  by  fire  September  27,  1871.  In  January,  1872, 
lots  Nos.  126,  127  and  128,  on  Steubenville  street,  were  purchased  and  the 
present  building  erected,  at  a  total  cost  of  fifty-four  thousand  dollars.  It 
was  first  occupied  February  16,  1874.  There  were  nine  teachers  when  they 
first  went  into  the  present  building,  but  in  a  few  days  another  room  was 
fitted  up,  and  another  teacher  engaged.  Xow,  twelve  well-trained  and  expe- 
rienced teachers  are  engaged  nine  months  in  the  year,  in  the  instruction  of 
six  hundred  and  thirty  children,  at  a  cost,  for  1876.  of  four  thousand  eight 
hundred  and  forty  dollars ;  this  year,  four  thousand  nine  hundred  and  seventy- 
two  dollars.  The  present  building  contains  eleven  large  rooms,  besides  the 
superintendent's  office,  and  his  recitation  room.  Part  of  the  basement  is 
used  as  a  storeroom,  and  one  room  is  fitted  up  as  a  dining  room.  The  build- 
ing has  a  seating  capacity  of  about  seven  hundred,  but  it  has  not  the  capacity 
for  as  careful  and  accurate  a  system  of  grading  as  it  should  have.  However, 
it  is  one  of  the  best  in  the  state,  and  reflects  much  credit  upon  the  enterprise 
of  the  people  of  Cambridge.  The  school  taxes  us  at  a  rate  of  nine  mills,  but 
is  worthy  of  jts  costly  support.  The  only  things  it  seems  to  need  at  present 
are  a  small  library  of  the  commonest  books  of  reference  and  apparatus  for 
philosophical   and  scientific   explanation. 

With  the  further  growth  of  the  city,  other  school  houses  were  demanded 
and  were  built  in  about  the  following  order  of  construction :  The  Lofland 
school  was  erected  in  1895,  at  a  cost  of  fifteen  thousand  dollars,  the  same 
being  located  on  Fourth  street,  and  is  in  an  excellent  condition. 

The  South  Side  school  was  erected  in  1893,  costing  twenty-eight  thou- 
sand dollars. 



Orchard  Place  school  building  was  erected  in  1906  and  opened  January 
1,  1907.  Its  cost  was  twenty-three  thousand  dollars,  and  two  thousand  more 
for  grounds. 

The  same  date  last  mentioned  the  Glass  Plant  addition  school  building 
was  opened ;  it  is  a  fine  brick  structure,  costing  ten  thousand  dollars. 

The  latest  and  by  all  odds  the  finest  school  building  in  all  this  section 
of  Ohio  was  the  present  Brown  high  school,  containing  twenty  rooms,  all 
modern  throughout,  as  to  heating,  lighting  and  sanitary  equipment.  It  is 
located  on  Steubenville  avenue,  between  Eighth  and  Ninth  streets.  Its  cost 
was  sixty  thousand  dollars,  besides  ten  thousand  dollars  for  grounds  and  im- 
provements of  same.  It  is  built  of  flinty  vitralized  brick.  The  building  was 
first  occupied  for  school  purposes  January  1,  19 10.  The  total  valuation  of 
school  property  in  Cambridge  is  one  hundred  and  sixty  thousand  dollars. 

The  schools  of  Cambridge  have  been  under  the  charge  of  the  following 
principals  and  superintendents  since  1850:  William  M.  Lyons,  John  Mc- 
Clanahan,  James  McClain.  J.  C.  Douglass,  L.  C.  Brown.  W.  K.  Goderel, 
C.  C.  B.  Duncan,  John  McClanahan,  Samuel  Kirkwood.  John  Speer,  Thomas 
Smith,  Prof.  John  McBurney.  Prof.  Williams.  Prof.  Yarnell.  Prof.  Abbe, 
Prof.  O.  T.  Caron.  Prof.  H.  B.  Williams,  Prof.  C.  L.  Cronebaugh,  Prof. 
J.  M.  Carr,  Prof.  H.  Z.  Hobson,  who  came  in  1905 

According  to  the  1908  state  school  reports,  Cambridge  had  an  enumera- 
tion of  3.210  pupils  and  an  enrollment  of  2,276.  Daily  average  attendance, 
1.935.  I'1  tne  high  school  there  were  at  that  date  76  boys  and  88  girls. 
The  population  was  then  fixed  at  8,241.  The  expenditures  for  that  year 
were  $51,807. 


[The  following- article  was  written  by  request  especially  for  the  Guern- 
sey Times.  The  author  is  the  venerable  Doctor  John  McBurney.  who  for 
many  years  was  connected  with  the  local  schools.  He  was  superintendent 
at  the  time  of  the  first  commencement  in  1872.] 

The  first  commencement  of  the  Cambridge  high  school,  held  in  the  old 
town  hall,  June  7,  1872,  was,  viewed  from  our  present  standpoint,  a  very 
modest  affair,  though  at  that  time  it  created  quite  an  interest. 

All  that  was  needed  to  prepare  the  place  in  which  it  was  held  was  to 
turn  the  benches  in  the  west  half  of  the  hall  to  face  the  east  and  the  stage. 
This  was  made  necessary  because  at  that  time  the  hall  accommodated  two 
schools,  separated  from  each  other  by  having  the  pupils  of  the  first  grammar 
school  face  the  east  and  those  of  the  second  face  the  west.     At  one  o'clock 


on  the  —tli  day  of  June,  thirty-four  years  ago,  the  hall  was  well  filled  with  an 
interested  audience  and  the  stage  occupied  by  the  members  of  the  board,  the 
teachers  and  perhaps  some  others.  These  four  young  girls,  in  their  neat- 
fitting  and  tidy  calico  dresses,  occupying  the  center  of  the  platform,  made  a 
pleasant  impression,  and  modestly  received  the  generous  and  well-earned  ap- 
plause of  their  friends. 

After  the  usual  introductory  exercises,  Miss  Nannie  E.  Morton  came 
forward  without  any  announcement  and  delivered  the  salutatory,  '['hen  came 
Miss  Sadie  Jackson,  with  her  essay,  subject,  "Silent  Voices."  Miss  Dolly 
I\.  Suite  followed  with  her  essay  on  "Sunshine,"  and  Miss  Maggie  McCall 
had  the  valedictory.  All  the  exercises  were  well  rendered,  and  received  hearty 
applause.  By  authority  of  the  hoard,  the  superintendent  delivered  the  diplo- 
mas. The  exercises  closed  with  music  and  the  benediction,  and  these  four 
young  ladies,  followed  by  the  well  wishes  of  their  friends,  stepped  forth  the 
first  of  the  long  line  of  bright,  happy,  hopeful  high  school  graduates  who  are 
still  going  out  in  ever-increasing  numbers  from  our  schools  and  under  much 
more  favorable  conditions  than  existed  June  7.  1872. 

And  now,  in  closing  this  brief  account  of  the  days  long  gone  by,  allow 
us  to  step  over  the  intervening  years  and  extend  to  the  large  class  of  splendid 
young  people  who  received  their  well-earned  diplomas  on  the  thirty-fourth 
anniversary  of  the  first  commencement  of  the  Cambridge  high  school,  a 
hearty  greeting  with  the  earnest  wish  that  success  may. crown  every  right 
effort  of  every  member  through  all  the  coming  years. 

Among  the  earliest  "free  schools"  known  in  this  county  was  the  one 
established  in  Richland  township  in  1814.  It  came  in  this  way:  While 
pioneer  William  Thompson  was  in  Philadelphia  buying  goods  for  the  first 
store  in  his  township,  and  paying  eleven  dollars  a  hundred  freight  on  same, 
he  employed  a  school  teacher  there,  named  Isaac  Woodard — a  lame  man — 
to  come  here  and  teach  school  for  twelve  months.  'William  and  Robert 
Thompson  agreed  to  pay  the  teacher  in  full  for  his  services.  The  salt  works 
were  then  running  day  and  night  and  many  men  were  employed  to  cut  wood 
for  the  running  of  the  same.  These  men.  many  of  them,  had  children  and 
with  others  in  the  settlement  made  quite  a  respectable  little  school.  The 
men  were  told  to  send  their  children  to  this  school  free  of  cost.  Joseph  and 
Abraham  Dillv,  having  large  families  each,  had  small  means  with  which  to 
pav.  but  said  they  were  willing  to  do  what  they  could,  as  they  disliked  the 
burden  to  fall  on  two  men.  Later  they  did  each  pay  their  share.  This  is 
one  of  the  earliest  free  schools  on  record  in  this  country. 


From  the  primitive  settlement  of  Byesville,  the  children  attended  school 
at  Oak  Grove  school  house,  in  Riddle  Grove,  near  the  White  Ash  mine. 
Later  it  was  moved  to  Lucasburg,  and  some  years  later  the  Byesville  settle- 
ment had  a  school  of  their  own,  the  date  of  the  latter  being  about  1881. 
The  Byesville  school  occupied  a  two-room  building  that  stood  on  the  site 
of  the  Beckett's  livery  barn.  This  cost  one  thousand  dollars.  John  A. 
Bliss  was  the  first  principal.  In  1886  two  more  rooms  were  added  to  the 
vest  side  of  this  building  at  a  cost  of  one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars.  In 
1892  more  room  was  needed  and  after  renting  awhile,  in  1894,  when  two  more 
rooms  completed  the  T-shaped  building;  this  last  cost  one  thousand  five  hun- 
dred dollars.  It  was  soon  found  that  the  growth  of  the  town  was  so  great 
that  still  better  accommodations  must  be  had,  and  the  present  site  was 
chosen  and  the  present  fine  school  building  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  twenty 
thousand  dollars.  It  stands  on  a  sightly  hill  overlooking  the  place.  It  was 
first  used  in  January,  1903.  But  not  yet  did  the  place  have  sufficient  room, 
and  in  1906,  at  a  cost  of  one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars,  the  North  Side 
school  of  the  Ideal  addition  was  built  and  still  rooms  had  to  be  leased  for 
the  accommodation  of  the  pupils. 

A  township  high  school  was  first  organized  out  of  the  village  graded 
school  in  1890,  then  in  1893  it  was  made  a  special  district,  and  in  1894  was 
raised  to  a  second  grade,  and  finally  under  the  new  classification  of  high 
schools  was  made  first  grade  in  1904. 

In  1907  there  were  eight  hundred  pupils  enrolled  out  of  the  one  thou- 
sand two  hundred  school  population. 


In  the  early  days  in  Guernsey  county  the  whipping  of  children  at  school 
was  a  common  practice,  and  one  case  in  point  will  illustrate  the  effect  it 
sometimes  produced  upon  teacher,  pupil  and  parents : 

In  Liberty  township  the  first  school  was  taught  by  a  New  Englander 
named  Austin  Hunt,  who  believed  the  rod  was  to  be  freely  used  when  needed 
to  correct  children.  The  late  venerable  James  Gibson  relates  this  concerning 
this  practice  and  was  his  own  experience  in  "tannin'  "  : 

"I  went  to  keeping  school,  and  kept  school  here  in  Liberty.  Some  of 
the  boys  from  over  the  creek  began  to  run  off  and  stay  around  the  creek  to 
hunt  mussels  and  crawfish.  I  found  it  out  and  brought  them  back  and  gave 
them  a  tannin'.  They  went  home  and  told  their  parents  that  I  had  whipped 
them.     The  next  day  their  fathers  rode  up  to  the  school  house,  called  me  out 

i    COUNTY,    OHIO. 


tie  tn  give  me  a  tannin'  foi 

•  whipping  their 

e  you  going  to  tan  me?     I 

£  you  haw  any 

,  but  ii"  you  come  into  tin's  school  house  I 

no  tannin'   done.      1    think 

a   good   tannin' 


to  the  door  and  said  they  had  c 
hoys.     I  replied:     'What  color 
business  you  can  attend  to  it  ni 
will   do  the  tannin'.'      There  w; 
never  hurt  a  hoy  when  he  needed  it 


The  official  report  made  to  the  secretary  of  state  for  the  year  just  ending 
(1910)  has  the  following-  figures  concerning  Guernsey  county  schools: 

The  elementary  teachers  of  the  county  have  cost  $40,911;  high  school 
teachers,  $9,905  ;  supervision  exclusive  of  teachers,  $2,700. 

The  huildings  and  grounds  purchased  in  the  county  are  valued  at  $28,- 

There  are  19  elementary  buildings,  two  high  school  buildings  erected  in 
the  year;  101  elementary  school  rooms  and  29  high  school  rooms.  The  value 
of  the  school  property  is  placed  at  $347,250.  The  average  term  taught 
throughout  the  year  is  33.35  weeks,  with  an  average  daily  attendance  of 
86.91.  The  largest  number  of  pupils  was  those  taking  arithmetic,  4,463  being 
enrolled  in  this  study  during  the  year. 

In  1908  the  reports  show  the  following:  Guernsey  county  contained  19 
township  districts  and  133  sub-districts;  12  separate  districts;  total  number 
of  members  of  boards  of  education,  155;  cost  of  new-  buildings,  $2,890. 
There  were  at  that  date,  in  the  county,  253  separate  school  rooms.  The  value 
of  school  property  was  estimated  by  the  authorities  at  $123,300  in  township 
districts;  $263,650  in  separate  districts;  total  of  $386,950.  The  total  num- 
ber of  teachers  was  256;  average  wages  paid  to  men,  $41  in  the  elementary 
schools,  and  $40  to  women.  The  wages  paid  to  high  school  instructors  was, 
for  men,  $50,  and  about  the  same  for  women.  The  total  number  of  teach- 
ers was  267,  of  which  number  121  were  men. 

The  county  at  the  last  report  had  the  following  village,  special  and  town- 
ship district  high  schools : 

Byesville,  salary  $1,000  for  the  superintendent,  $560  for  high  school 

Cumberland,  salary  for  principal,  $765. 

Pleasant  City,  salary  of  principal,  $520. 

Quaker  City,  salary  for  principal,  $720. 

Senecaville,  salary  for  superintendent,  $050 :  for  principal,  $480. 

Washington,  salary  for  superintendent,  $400. 


Westland  township,  salary  for  principal,  $400. 

The  count)-  examiners  in  Guernsey  county  are  as  follows :  Worthy 
Dyson,  clerk,  Kimbolton,  term  expires  August  31,  1910;  W.  O.  Moore, 
Senecaville.  term  expired  August  31,  1909;  T.  A.  Bonnell,  Cambridge,  term 
expires  August  31,  191 1. 


One  of  the  earliest  educational  institutions  in  Guernsey  county  was  the 
Cambridge  Seminary,  and  the  Guernsey  Times  of  May  21,  1825,  has  the  fol- 
lowing advertisement  of  the  school : 


"The  subscriber  has  the  pleasure  of  informing  his  friends  and  the  public 
that  he  has  procured  the  best  books,  globes,  maps,  charts,  etc.,  and  has  com- 
menced a  regular  course  of  Geography  and  Astronomy,  which  is  taught  upon 
the  interrogative  plan. 

"The  English  grammar  is  taught  agreeably  by  'Hull's  System'  (by  lec- 
tures), which  is  acknowledged  to  be  the  best  in  use,  and  for  which  from  two 
to  five  dollars  has  generally  been  paid  to  teachers  of  that  plan  for  forty-eight 
hours'  services. 

"After  ten  years'  experience,  the  subscriber  can  with  confidence  assure 
the  public,  that  he  is  fully  prepared  to  teach  all  the  useful  branches  of  an 
English  education  correctly,  and  with  as  much  speed  as  the  nature  of  the 
branches,  and  the  capacity  of  the  pupils  will  admit. 

"He  pledges  himself  that  no  exertions  on  his  part  will  be  wanting,  to 
render  his  institution  as  respectable  and  useful  as  any  of  the  kind  in  the  state. 
The  terms  are  very  moderate. 

"William  Sedgwick,  Teacher. 

"Cambridge.  April  16,  1825. 

"N.  B. — A  few  female  boarders  would  be  taken  on  moderate  terms." 


The  old  Cambridge  Academy  was  incorporated  by  the  Legislature  in  its 
session  of  1837-38.  with  a  capital  stock  of  five  thousand  dollars,  divided  into 
five  hundred  shares  of  ten  dollars  each.  Of  this  stock,  seven  hundred  and 
forty  dollars  was  subscribed  by  the  citizens  of  Cambridge.     The  old  Masonic 


lodge  building  on  North  Seventh  street  was  purchased  by  the  trustees  for  the 
academy  building.  This  public  announcement  was  made  September  22,  1838. 
The  board  of  trustees  were  William  \V.  Tracer,  Esq.,  president;  Moses  Sar- 
chet,  secretary;  Ebenezer  Smith,  Esq.,  Dr.  Thomas  Miller,  Dr.  Samuel  P. 
Hunt.  Nathan  Evans,  Esq.,  Hamilton  Robb  and  William  McCracken.  The 
institution  was  conducted  under  the  general  management  of  Rev.  James  Mc- 
Gill.  The  students  were  under  the  immediate  care  and  instruction  of  William 
T.  Ellis.  The  course  of  instruction  embraced  all  those  branches  of  a  thorough 
and  extensive  English  education,  usually  taught  in  the  best  high  schools  and 
academies,  and  the  Latin  and  Greek  languages.  The  academic  year  was 
divided  into  two  sessions  of  twenty-two  weeks  each,  with  a  vacation  of  four 
weeks  at  the  close  of  each  session.  Terms  were :  Tuition  in  all  branches  of 
instruction  at  eight  dollars  per  session,  one-half  to  be  paid  in  advance,  the  bal- 
ance at  the  close  of  the  session. 

Another  scholastic'  advertisement  appeared  in  the  Times,  in  October, 
1842.     It  was  concerning  the  college  at  Antrim  and  reads  as  follows: 


"The  ensuing  session  will  commence  on  the  first  Monday  in  November. 
Alexander  Clark.  A.  B..  and  Thomas  Palmer,  Esq.,  will  continue  to  conduct 
the  interior  operations  of  the  college.  Boarding  can  be  had  at  a  very  low 
rate  in  respectable  families  in  town  and  country.  Tuition,  ten  dollars  per 
session.  As  a  report  has  gone  abroad  that  Antrim  and  neighborhood  are 
unhealthy,  the  trustees  feel  it  their  duty  to  say  that  such  is  not  the  fact,  that 
we  are  not  subject  to  any  prevailing  diseases,  more  than  the  most  healthy 

"By  order  of  the  Board. 

"M.  Green,  Secretary. 

"Antrim,  September  17,  1842." 

The  history  of  this  college,  in  short,  is  as  follows :  When  Madison  town- 
ship was  organized,  there  were  four  sections  of  land  reserved  by  the  state  and 
set  apart  for  public  school  purposes,  numbers  1,  2,  9  and  10,  situated  in  the 
northwest  part  of  the  township.  These  lands  were  directed  by  law  to  be 
leased  to  suitable  persons  for  a  certain  period :  they  were  to  be  built  upon  and 
improved  that  the  value  thereof  might  be  increased  and  that  a  revenue  might 
in  time  be  derived  to  meet  the  object  intended.  The  lands  were  leased  and 
settled  upon  and  the  improvements  made.  When  the  term  of  the  leases  ex- 
pired the  Legislature  passed  an  act  ordering  the  lands  to  be  appraised  and  sold 


to  the  highest  bidder  at  not  less  than  the  appraisement.  Under  this  arrange- 
ment the  lands  were  sold,  and  were  bought  principally  by  the  lease-holders. 
The  proceeds  of  these  sales  went  into  the  general  state  fund  for  schools.  The 
same  rule  held  good  in  the  other  townships  of  Guernsey  county,  too.  The 
northwest  quarter  of  section  10  was  purchased  by  A.  Alexander.  The  old 
road  from  Cambridge  to  Steubenville  passed  through  this  quarter  section. 
Alexander  was  a  man  of  much  enterprise  and  conceived  the  idea  of  platting 
a  town  site  on  this  land.  Accordingly  he  surveyed  out  twenty-four  lots, 
twelve  on  each  side  of  this  road.  This  was  the  beginning  of  Antrim.  Sub- 
sequently, James  Welch  platted  and  laid  off  six  lots  as  an  addition  to  the 

Doctor  Findley  bought  the  quarter  lying  west  of  Alexander's  land  and 
took  up  his  residence  in  a  log  cabin  there.  When  he  was  fairly  well 
settled  he  began  to  make  arrangements  to  start  a  school  at  the  new  place. 
Either  in  May,  1835,  or  1836,  he  succeeded  in  enrolling  the  names  of  eight 
boys  and  young  men  of  the  vicinity  as  students.  He  used  his  cabin  as  a  reci- 
tation room,  and  thus  it  was  that  Madison  College  had  its  establishment. 

The  people  around  Antrim  gave  their  hearty  support,  and  the  students 
increased  in  numbers  rapidly,  so  it  was  resolved,  at  a  meeting  of  the  town, 
that  a  united  effort  be  made  to  provide  suitable  buildings  for  the  embryo  col- 
lege. Subscriptions  were  made  in  money  and  material,  as  well  as  in  work, 
many  giving  far  beyond  their  means,  so  much  were  they  interested.  A  site 
was  chosen  for  the  building  at  the  east  of  the  village,  on  the  most  elevated 
ground  about  it.  David  White,  a  resident,  was  the  contractor.  The  building 
completed  was  a  respectable  two-story  brick  structure,  containing  two  rooms 
on  the  first  story,  and  one  large  room  or  hall  on  the  second  floor.  The  name 
given  the  new  born  institution  was  "Madison  College."  The  board  of  trustees 
appointed  under  the  laws  of  Ohio  chose  Doctor  Findley  as  president,  and 
Milton  Green,  M.  D.,  secretary,  who  was  the  father  of  Mrs.  Samuel  J.  Mc- 
Mahon.  The  institution  prospered  wonderfully.  In  1846  Rev.  Samuel 
Mehaffey,  pastor  of  the  Old-School  Presbyterian  church  here,  became  pres- 
ident and  this,  possibly,  became  the  means  of  the  downfall  of  the  institution. 
His  successors  were  A.  D.  Clark,  D.  D.,  Rev.  W.  Doal,  Rev.  Thomas  Palmer, 
and  others  who  were  employed  as  tutors.  Then  new  members  were  added  to 
the  board  of  trustees  and  a  college  charter  was  obtained.  Rev.  Samuel  Find- 
lex-.  Jr.  (son  of  Doctor  Findley),  was  chosen  and  installed  president  of  the 
newly  planned  school.  At  this  time  the  school  was  opened  for  both  sexes, 
and  seemed  to  prosper  until  the  plan  of  erecting  a  large,  costly  building  was 
adopted.     There  was  much  opposition  to  this  move,  but  the  new  building  was 


erected,  completed  and  occupied.  Rev.  II.  Wilson  succeeded  Doctor  Findley 
as  president,  and  his  successor  was  Rev.  William  Lorimer,  during  whose  term 
the  crisis  was  reached.  The  creditors  of  the  college  were  beginning  to  press 
their  claims  hard,  the  mutterings  of  the  great  Civil  war  cloud  were  heard,  and 
finally,  when  that  storm  burst,  Madison  College  and  its  plans  for  a  future 
existence  were  carried  down,  never  more  to  rise,  like  the  slavery  question, 
over  which  the  war  was  so  successfully  fought  out. 



The  first  settlers  in  Guernsey  county  were  not  all  Christians,  or  members 
of  any  religious  organization,  but  it  is  quite  certain  tliat  a  majority  of  the 
pioneer  band  were  of  some  special  religious  faith  and  adhered  to  some  particu- 
lar church  creed.  The  Methodist  and  Presbyterian  churches  had  the  greater 
majority  of  those  who  first  came  here  to  make  for  themselves  homes.  The 
Methodist  Episcopal  church,  of  all  others,  had  a  peculiar  origin  here,  especially 
at  Cambridge,  where  first  it  existed  in  the  county.  Like  the  good  old  Pilgrim 
church,  it  was  transplanted  from  beyond  the  big  seas  to  the  wild  forests  of 
this  county.  It  was  in  1806  and  1807  that  there  came  from  the  beautiful 
island  of  Guernsey,  Europe,  Thomas  Sarchet,  William  Ogier,  James  Bichard, 
Thomas  Lenfestey,  Daniel  Ferbrache  and  Thomas  Naftel,  with  their  wives  and 
children,  who  settled  in  Cambridge  and  immediate  vicinity.  All  these  parents 
were  members  of  the  Methodist  society,  when  they  left  Guernsey,  in  the  old 
country,  from  which  this  county  took  its  name.  They  came  into  the  wilder- 
ness, indeed.  In  the  year  1808  these  emigrants  and  their  wives  organized 
themselves  into  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  of  Cambridge,  Ohio,  being  as- 
sisted by  Rev.  James  Watts,  a  preacher  of  the  Western  conference.  As  far  as 
is  now  known,  this  was  the  first  attempt  at  church  organization  within  the  ter- 
ritory now  known  as  Guernsey  county.  This  being  the  case,  very  naturally  the 
history  of  this  denomination  in  the  county  will  take  the  first  place  in  this  chap- 
ter, and  here  follows : 


The  church  at  Cambridge,  formed  in  1808,  held  its  services  for  the  first 
few  years  in  the  house  of  one  of  its  founders — Thomas  Sarchet — on  the  cor- 
ner of  Main  and  Pine  streets ;  later  at  the  court  house,  and  in  the  lower  room 
of  the  old  Masonic  Hall,  a  building  then  occupying  the  lot  opposite  the  Presby- 
terian church.  Late  in  1831,  the  trustees,  Jacob  Shaffner,  James  Bichard, 
John  Blancipied,  Nicholas  Martel,  Joseph  Neelands,  Joseph  Wood,  Joseph 
Cockerel,  Joseph  W.  White  and  Isaiah  Mclllyar,  purchased  a  piece  of  ground 
sixty  feet  square.     It  was  located  on  Turner  avenue,  west  of  where  the  Ham- 

»r  hist. 

iry  of  this  pioneer 

pen  oi 

the  author  of  this 

i  [899 

.  and  reads  as  fol- 

n  [832 

!-33,  and  was  dedi- 

for  h 

is  text,  "The  Lord 


The  church  had 


mond  opera  house  stood  many  years  later.     No  betl 
house  of  worship  can  be  given  than  was  given  by  tin 
work,  and  which  was  published  in  the  Jeffersonion 

The  first  Methodist  Episcopal  church  was  built 
cated  in  [835  by  Rev.  Joseph  Rl.  Trimble.  He  too 
nl"  ]  lusts  is  with  us,  and  the  God  of  Jacob  is  our  r 
been  occupied  for  some  time  before  being  dedicated.  The  church  was  located 
on  what  is  now  Turner  avenue,  of  Cambridge,  on  the  smith  side  and  west  of 
the  Hammond  Opera  House.  The  lot  was  sixty  feet  square,  the  church  a 
frame  thirty-six  by  forty  feet,  costing  four  hundred  dollars.  We  look  back 
at  this  old  church.  It  stands  before  us  in  all  its  simplicity.  The  front,  mi 
the  north,  had  two  doors  and  two  windows,  and  a  quarter  circular  window  in 
the  gable.  On  the  east  and  west  sides,  three  windows,  and  on  the  south  side 
three,  one  being  in  the  centre  above  the  pulpit.  The  lot  was  enclosed  with  a 
board  fence,  with  two  gates  opposite  the  doors.  The  females  entered  at  the 
west  gate,  and  the  males  at  the  east.  In  the  church  there  were  two  centre 
aisles  and  a  cross  aisle  in  front  of  the  altar  rail  and  pulpit.  The  seats  to  be 
right  and  left  of  the  pulpit  ran  north  and  south.  These  corners  were  desig- 
nated as  the  "Amen  corners."  and  were  occupied  by  the  older  men  and  women, 
who  often  responded  "Amen"  and  "God  grant  it"  when  the  preacher  was 
preaching.  To  the  right  of  the  west  entrance  door  were  the  seats  for  the 
women,  and  to  the  left  of  the  east  entrance  door  were  the  seats  for  the  men. 
The  sheep  and  goats  were  separated.  Between  the  aisles  were  short  seats, 
where  old  men  and  women,  with  their  children,  could  sit,  but  there  was  no 
general  indiscriminate  sitting.  If  a  stranger  took  a  seat  on  the  women's  side, 
he  was  politely  notified  that  he  was  "in  the  wrong  pew." 

The  pulpit  was  five  or  six  feet  above  the  main  floor,  and  was  reached  by 
a  flight  of  steps  and  entered  through  a  door.  The  preacher,  when  seated,  was 
out  of  view  of  the  congregation.  On  the  front  of  the  pulpit  was  a  circular 
sounding  board,  for  the  preacher  to  pound  on  to  awake  his  drowsy  hearers. 
There  was  a  book  board  in  the  centre,  and  a  foot  board  for  the  short  preach- 
ers, and  when  one  of  these  missed  the  footing  he  was  out  of  sight  until  he  re- 
gained his  footing.  The  hymns  were  lined  out.  a  stanza  at  a  time,  by  the 
preacher.  The  congregation  singing  at  the  last  stanza,  all  turned  around  to 
kneel  in  prayer.  Some  of  the  preachers  often  sang  alone  a  favorite  hymn. 
Dr.  James  Drummond,  who  preached  in  the  church,  had  two  which  he  often 
sang:  "The  Chariot,  the  Chariot,  its  Wheels  Roll  in  Fire,"  and  "Turn,  Sin- 
ners, Turn,  for  the  Tide  is  Receding,  and  the  Saviour  will  Soon  and  Forever 


Cease  Pleading."  The  church  was  at  first  heated  with  a  large  tin-plate  stove, 
in  which  was  burned  corchvood,  and  was  lighted  by  candles  suspended  around 
the  walls.  There  were  movable  ones  on  the  pulpit  for  the  convenience  of  the 
preacher.  There  were  no  young  people's  meetings  or  Sunday  school  until 
1835.  and  then  it  was  only  a  summer  school.  Most  of  the  scholars  came  from 
the  country  barefooted,  the  boys  with  straw  hats  and  in  their  shirt  sleeves,  the 
girls  with  sunbonnets  and  cottonade  dresses.  It  was  a  day  of  small  things. 
There  were  no  Sunday  school  books  nor  Berean  leaves.  The  John  Rogers 
primer  and  the  Testament  were  the  text-books.  This  is  but  a  meagre  descrip- 
tion of  the  first  church  and  the  manner  of  worship.  We  close  with  this  pioneer 
verse : 

"We  felt  that  we  were  fellow  men ; 

We  felt  that  we  were  a  band. 

Sustained  here  in  the  wilderness 

By  Heaven's  upholding  hand. 

Yet  while  we  linger  we  may  all 

A  backward  glance  still  throw, 

To  the  days  when  we  were  pioneers. 

Sixty  years  ago." 

The  preachers  that  preached  in  this  first  church  were  Revs.  James  Mc- 
Mahon,  Samuel  Harvey,  Cyrus  Brooks,  David  Young,  Henry  Whiteman,  Gil- 
bert Blue,  Moses  A.  Milligan,  B.  F.  Meyers.  Andrew  Carroll,  Harvey  Camp, 
Jeremiah  Hill,  Luman  H.  Allen,  John  M.  Reed,  I.  N.  Baird,  James  Drum- 
mond,  John  Grimm,  Thomas  Winstanley,  Thomas  R.  Ruckle,  J.  D.  Rich, 
Ludwell  Petty,  R.  Stephenson,  David  Cross,  J.  Phillips,  E.  G.  Nicholson, 
David  Trueman,  Isaac  N.  Baird,  Robert  Boyd,  A.  J.  Blake,  J.  A.  Swaney,  J. 
D.  Knox.  S.  P.  Woolf,  James  McGinnis,  Andrew  Magee,  T.  J.  Taylor,  Wil- 
liam Gamble.  Presiding  Elders:  Robert  O.  Spencer,  Edward  H.  Taylor,  S. 
R.  Brockunier.  James  C.  Taylor,  James  G.  Sansom. 

The  second  church  was  built  in  1852  and  1853,  a  two-story  brick  located 
in  Gaston's  addition,  on  the  lot  now  owned  by  J.  F.  Salmon.  This  church 
was  dedicated  January  2,  1854,  by  Rev.  James  G.  Sansom,  Andrew  Magee,  the 
preacher,  in  charge  of  the  Cambridge  circuit,  Pittsburgh  conference.  The 
preachers  who  preached  in  this  church  were.  Andrew  Magee,  T.  J.  Taylor, 
John  Huston,  W.  Devinney,  F.  W.  Yirtican.  James  L.  Deens,  W.  B.  Watkins, 
Tertnllis  Davidson,  James  Henderson,  Edward  Ellison,  A.  L.  Petty,  J.  D. 
Vail,  Samuel  Crouse,  J.  H.  Conkle,  James  H.  Hollingshead,  Ezra  Hingeley. 
W.  H.  Locke.  T.  R.  Mills. 


Presiding  elders:  John  Moffit,  W.  F.  l.auck,  W.  A.  Davidson,  James 
Henderson,  S.  F.  Minor,  A.  L.  Petty,  John  Williams.  Allen  II.  Norcross, 
James  R.  Mills,  \Y.  L.  Dixon.  The  third  church,  located  on  North  Seventh 
street  and  Steubemille  avenue,  was  erected  during  the  pastorates  on  Cam- 
bridge Station,  East  ( >hio  conference,  of  W.  II.  Locke  and  James  K.  Mills. 

The  edifice,  costing  thirty-two  thousand  dollars,  was  finished  in  1885,  and 
was  dedicated  January  9,  [886,  b)  Bishop  Edward  G.  Andrews,  assisted  by 
Dr.  Joseph  M.  Trimble  and  Dr.  C.  II.  Payne,  James  R.  Mills  being  the  pas- 
tor. The  preachers  who  were  on  the  station  were  J.  R.  Mills.  John  Brown, 
Sylvester  Burt,  J.  M.  Carr,  and  R.  B.  Pope.  Presiding  Elders:  W.  L.  Dixon. 
John  1.  Wilson,  John  R.  Keyes.  The  trustees  and  building  committee  were 
G.  J.  Albright,  Joseph  1).  Taylor.  T.  II.  Anderson,  John  C.  Beckett,  C.  P.  B. 
Sarchet,  Alfred  P.  Shaffner,  J.  0.  Mcllyar,  B.  F.  Fleming  and  W.  M.  Scott. 

On  Thanksgiving  day,  November  25,  1890,  the  union  services  were  held 
in  this  building.  Saturday  afternoon.  November  27th,  it  was  discovered  that 
the  structure  was  afire.  The  flames  had  been  at  work  for  some  time  before 
discovery,  and  continued  their  destructive  course  with  great  rapidity.  In 
spite  of  the  fire  department,  which  responded  very  quickly,  in  the  course  of 
half  an  hour  portions  of  the  roof  began  to  fall  in.  and  it  became  apparent  that 
the  building  was  doomed.  Doctor  Pope,  the  pastor,  also  lost  much  of  his 
household  goods,  which  were  not  protected  by  insurance  in  the  burning  of  the 
pastorage,  but  managed  to  save  a  rare  library  of  books,  the  accumulation  of 
a  lifetime.  In  the  end  nothing  was  left  but  the  main  tower  and  belfry,  com- 
paratively uninjured,  and  the  stone  walls.  Insurance  on  the  church  and  its 
contents  amounted  to  twelve  thousand  three  hundred  dollars.  For  some  time 
the  dispossessed  congregation  was  accommodated  by  other  churches  of  the  city, 
and  later  services  were  held  in  the  opera  house,  and  in  the  assembly  room  in 
the  Taylor  block,  the  free  use  of  which  was  given  by  the  late  Col.  J.  D.  Taylor. 

At  a  meeting  on  December  6,  1896,  less  than  ten  days  after  the  fire,  the 
officials  of  the  church,  without  a  dissenting  voice,  formally  resolved  to  re- 
build the  church,  upon  an  improved  and  enlarged  plan.  December  10,  1897, 
Architect  S.  R.  Badgley,  of  Cleveland,  was  employed,  at  once  viewed  the  site. 
and  submitted  a  rough  outline  of  a  plan  for  its  reconstruction.  On  February 
4,  1S97,  the  plans  were  finally  approved.  The  contract  was  let  to  Vansickle 
Brothers,  of  Cuyahoga  Falls,  Ohio,  April  14th.  to  be  completed  by  November 
1st,  following.  This  firm  began  work  the  last  week  in  April,  and  on  the  even- 
ing of  May  7th,  without  any  previous  warning,  abandoned  the  undertaking, 
and  the  member  of  the  firm  who  was  on  the  work  left  town  in  the  night,  and 
never  returned.     The  work  was  continued  under  new  contracts  made   for 


separate  parts  of  the  work,  the  carpentry  and  joiner  work  being  done  by  the 
day.  W.  C.  Carlisle,  of  Cleveland,  was  superintendent  on  behalf  of  the  build- 
ing committee. 

In  April,  1898.  the  building  committee  took  up  also  the  matter  of  build- 
ing a  new  parsonage,  a  work  which  was  in  contemplation  when  the  church 
burned.  The  contract  was  let  to  Hoyle  &  Scott,  of  Cambridge,  and  the  work 
progressed  rapidly.  The  entire  cost  of  construction  of  the  church  and  parson- 
age is  in  round  numbers,  thirty-six  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  The  former 
church  building  cost  about  thirty-five  thousand  dollars,  including  site.  The 
first  meeting  held  in  the  new  church  was  Sunday.  November  26,  1899,  when  a 
long  and  impressive  service  was  held,  at  which  spoke  many  of  Cambridge's 
foremost  pastors. 

The  pastors  of  this  church  since  the  list  above  mentioned  have  been:' 
Revs.  R.  B.  Pope,  from  1897  to  I9°3<  si-x  years ;  W.  B.  Winters,  1903  to  1905 ; 
Edwin  Jester,  from  1905  to  1908;  C.  N.  Church  from  1908  to  the  present 
time  (fall  of  1910),  to  serve  under  present  appointment  to  close  of  conference 
year  of  191 1. 

The  present  membership  of  the  church  is  twelve  hundred  and  forty-six; 
number  in  Sunday  school,  thirteen  hundred  and  fifty.  The  church  is  in  a 
prosperous  condition  and  will  soon  be  aided  by  an  assistant  to  the  pastor  in 
way  of  a  lady  who  has  been  employed  for  special  work  in  the  community,  the 
time  of  her  coming  being  fixed  at  January.  191 1.  The  present  pastor  receives 
one  thousand  eight  hundred  dollars  per  year  and  house  rent,  four  hundred  dol- 
lars. The  estimated  value  of  the  church  property  of  this  church  is  sixty 
thousand  dollars. 

Besides  this  church  in  Cambridge,  there  is  the  Second  Methodist  Epis- 
copal church,  in  the  Glass-plant  addition,  which  was  formed  a  few  years  since. 
It  has  a  neat  frame  building  and  is  laboring  hard  to  free  itself  from  debt.  It 
is  supplied  by  the  present  pastor  at  Lore  City,  Rev.  Bevington. 

The  African  Methodist  Episcopal  church  is  now  under  the  charge  of 
Rev.  Beck,  recently  appointed  to  this  charge.  They  have  a  modest,  but  well 
arranged  edifice  in  the  city  and  a  good  congregation  of  colored  people  of  the 
Methodist  faith. 


The  Methodist  Episcopal  church  of  Byesville.  Ohio,  had  its  beginning  in 
the  year  1870,  in  the  organization  of  a  church  at  Rainey's  Chapel,  which  was 
located  about  two  miles  from  Byesville,  and  was  organized  in  1870  with  eleven 
charter  members  by  the  Reverend  Fotrtz.     Byesville  being  the  most  central 


point,  it  was  thought  best  to  move  the  church  to  that  place:  so  accordingly  in 
[879,  the  church  at  Rainey's  Chapel  was  torn  down  and  moved  to  Byesville 

and  erected  on  the  site  where  the  new  church  now  stands. 

Since  its  organization  the  following  ministers  have  served  as  pastors: 
Reverends  Foutz,  Webster,  Timberlake,  Waters  and  Stewart,  while  the  church 
remained  at  Rainey's  Chapel.  Since  the  church  was  moved  to  Byesville,  Rev- 
erend Stewart  was  its  first  pastor.  He  was  followed  by  Reverends  Dennis, 
Ream,  Gruber,  J.  K.  Crimes,  Forsythe,  Davidson,  Neeley,  Bowers,  Collier,  M. 
C.  Crimes,  Petty  and  \\".  ().  Hawkins. 

In  June,  1907,  a  new  church  was  projected  and  the  money  subscribed. 
At  a  meeting  held  in  August.  1907.  a  contract  was  let  to  F.  Wentz  &  Company 
for  the  sum  of  twelve  thousand  eight  hundred  and  seventy-five  dollars.  The 
corner-stone  was  laid  October  joth,  that  year,  and  it  was  completed  the  follow- 
ing season. 

Since  the  building  of  this  fine  church,  which  is  valued  at  twenty-five  thou- 
sand dollars,  the  membership  has  increased  to  three  hundred  and  sixty,  with  a 
Sunday  school  of  five  hundred  pupils.  The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  W.  O. 


The  Cumberland  Methodist  Episcopal  church  was  organized  in  1852.  It 
now  enjoys  a  membership  of  three  hundred  and  twenty-five.  The  records  are 
not  now  at  hand  and  cannot  he  obtained,  hence  no  further  detail  concerning 
this  branch  of  the  church  in  the  county.  The  minutes  of  the  last  conference 
show  the  church  to  have  a  membership  of  three  hundred  and  twenty-three,  with 
a  Sunday  school  of  two  hundred  and  twenty ;  the  church  property  is  valued 
at  five  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  T.  H. 


The  Salesville  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  located  in  the  village  of  this 
name,  was  organized  in  the  summer  of  1837,  with  the  following  charter  mem- 
bers:  Francis  Linn  and  wife,  William  Crouse  and  wife,  Thomas  Wolford  and 
wife,  James  Foreacre  and  wife,  John  Rimmer  and  wife.  James  Bell  and  wife, 
Mrs.  Elizabeth  Thompson.  Francis  Linn  was  elected  class  leader,  which  office 
he  faithfully  filled  until  called  to  his  home  above  in  1890. 

The  first  church  was  built  in  1840.  the  class  having  worshiped  in  a  build- 
ing located  on  the  hill  north  of  the  village :  it  was  known  as  the  '■Temple"  and 
was  free  to  all  denominations  to  hold  services  in.     The  building  of  the  first 


church  was  done  chiefly  by  the  members  and  the  material  was  also  donated, 
so  the  cost  is  not  known.  It  was  located  just  east  of  the  present  school  build- 
ing. The  present  edifice,  which  took  its  place  in  1873.  is  located  west  of  the 
school  building.  The  material  is  frame  and  its  cost  was  one  thousand  eight 
hundred  dollars.  It  has  been  improved  and  repaired  much  since  then  and  is 
now  said  to  be  worth  two  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  It  is  lighted  by  a 
gasoline  plant. 

The  present  membership  is  eighty.  The  Salesville  and  Millers  church, 
and  also  the  Quaker  City  church,  were  on  the  same  circuit  for  sixty  years, 
hence  the  history  of  one  is  the  same  as  the  other.  Recently  the  Millers  church 
has  been  dropped  from  the  circuit  and  is  now  a  part  of  Washington  circuit, 
also  with  Salesville. 

Among  the  pastors  now  recalled  are  these :  Revs.  Bishop,  Boyd,  Butts. 
Phillips,  Rich,  Hollister,  Hamilton,  Rogers,  Olp,  Baird,  Cartwright.  Fouts, 
Webster,  Grimes,  Robbins,  Armstrong,  Taylor,  Hollett,  Strahl,  Petty,  West- 
wood,  Wilson,  Lepage,  Wycoff,  Merrill,  Romic  and  Dunn,  the  present  pastor. 


Rev.  W.  Reeves  organized  a  class  in  the  township  of  Spencer,  as 
early  as  181 5  and  erected  a  house  of  worship  on  land  owned  by  Col.  Thomas 
Bay,  Sr.,  one  of  the  first  pioneers  of  the  valley.  It  was  a  frame  building, 
twenty  by  twenty-eight  feet  in  dimension.  In  1852  the  class  had  so  grown  that 
more  room  was  demanded  and  they  sold  to  the  Presbyterian  church  and  in  1853 
built  again.     Rev.  Hamilton  was  pastor  when  this  change  was  effected. 

Quaker  City  church  is  in  the  Barnesville  district.  The  church  here  was 
formed  at  a  very  early  date,  and  the  present  building  was  erected  in  1871,  on 
the  corner  of  Pike  and  Main  streets.  The  property  of  the  church  and  parson- 
age is  estimated  at  six  thousand  dollars.  The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  E.  R. 
Romig.  The  membership  is  now  six  hundred  and  ten,  while  the  Sunday 
school  is  six  hundred  and  forty-six. 

The  Claysville  church  has  a  membership  of  two  hundred  and  nineteen ; 
Sunday  school  of  one  hundred  and  eighteen;  church  property  valued  at  seven 
thousand  dollars.     The  pastor  is  Rev.  J.  W.  Rich. 

At  Kimbolton  the  church  has  a  membership  of  five  hundred  and  seventy- 
five,  with  a  Sunday  school  of  three  hundred  and  thirty-five.  The  church 
property  is  valued  at  sixteen  thousand  dollars;  the  present  pastor  is  Rev.  M. 
W.  Bevington. 

The  Lore  City  church  has  a  membership  of  three  hundred  and  thirty- 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    0 145 

five,  with  a  Sunday  school  numbering-  four  hundred  and  twenty.  Church 
property  valued  at  twelve  thousand  eight  hundred  dollars.  The  pastor  is 
Rev.  C.  R.  Poulson. 

The  Senecaville  Methodist  Episcopal  church  has  a  membership  of  four 
hundred  and  six,  with  a  Sunday  school  numbering  four  hundred  and  twenty. 
The  present  value  of  the  church  property  is  thirteen  thousand  eight  hundred 
dollars.     The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  F.  G.  Fowler. 

Pleasant  City  has  a  church  property  valued  at  fifteen  thousand  dollars 
and  a  membership  of  five  hundred  and  sixty.  Its  Sunday  school  has  a  mem- 
bership of  six  hundred.     The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  R.  J.  Xorris. 

The  church  at  Washington  has  a  membership  of  nine  hundred  and  eighty- 
five  and  its  property  is  valued  at  nine  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  The 
present  pastor  is  Rev.  W.  H.  Stewart. 

At  Buffalo  the  membership  is  about  one  hundred  and  fifty  and  the  value 
of  church  property  is  estimated  at  six  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  The 
present  pastor  is  Rev.  J.  F.  Cash. 

There  are  other  Methodist  Episcopal  churches  in  the  county  that  have  not 
been  properly  reported  to  the  editor  of  this  work.  Among  these  are  preach- 
ing places  at  Hopewell,  Birds  Run,  Antrim,  Londonderry,  Wesley  Chapel,  etc. 


The  Christian  church  of  Quaker  City  is  an  old  organization.  In  1859 
they  had  a  good  building  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  village.  This  was  aban- 
doned in  March,  1875,  for  the  new  brick  building  on  the  corner  of  South  street 
and  Broadway. 

There  is  also  a  society  in  Cambridge,  but  they  own  no  building.  They 
hold  services  over  a  business  house  on  the  north  side  of  Wheeling  avenue. 

Another  church  society  is  the  Associaters, — a  branch  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church, — who  by  some  are  termed  "Holiness  People."  They  believe 
in  a  much  higher  life  than  that  taught  by  the  church  generally.  Some  of  the 
best  citizens  in  Cambridge  unite  with  this  sect  in  their  weekly  worship. 


Among  the  early  settlers  in  various  part  of  Guernsey  county  the  Friends 
predominated,  especially  in  the  vicinity  of  what  is  now  Quaker  City,  where 
the  Hall  family  planted  a  church  of  this  faith.  A  meeting  house,  as  they  call 
churches,  has  always  been  maintained  near  the  village,  and  a  prosperous  soci- 



ety  of  Friends  has  had  much  to  do  with  the  morals  and  religion  of  the  com- 
munity. At  an  early  day  the  Friends  had  a  much  harder  time  than  at  present. 
Just  before  the  opening  of  the  war  of  1812-14,  with  England,  the  Friends, 
carrying  out  their  belief  that  war  was  always  wrong,  aggressive  or  defensive, 
refused  to  engage  in  that  war  and  were  badly  dealt  with  by  the  authorities. 
They  had  heavy  fines  imposed  upon  them  and  in  cases  sacrificed  much  of  their 
property.  In  cases,  the  fine  collectors  were  cold,  hard-hearted  officials  who 
feathered  their  own  nest,  as  well  as  causing  this  sect  any  amount  of  trouble 
and  loss  of  valuable  property.  One  Elijah  Dyson,  then  sheriff  of  Guernsey 
county,  took  it  upon  himself  to  enforce  the  law  as  against  these  people  and 
through  his  arrests  made  bad  work  among  them  and  worked  incalculable 
injury  to  them.  Among  these  people  are  found  some  of  the  "salt  of  the  earth" 
and  today  the  members  of  this  sect  are  honored  for  the  carrying  out  of  their 
religious  convictions. 


The  first  Catholic  church  in  Guernsey  county  was  probably  erected  about 
1840  at  Washington,  where  some  years  previous  a  number  of  Catholic  families 
had  settled.  They  continued  to  worship  there  until  about  1865,  under  priests 
from  various  parts  of  the  state,  especially  those  from  Beaver  township,  Noble 
count}-  (then  within  Guernsey).  About  1867  Father  Jacket,  pastor  at  Tem- 
peranceville,  Belmont  county,  built  the  church  at  Gibson  Station.  He  used 
some  of  the  rrtaterial  of  the  church  at  Washington  in  the  construction  of  this 
church.  Father  Jacket  came  to  Temperanceville  in  1854,  from  Tennessee, 
serving  this  congregation  and  others  in  this  vicinity,  traveling  on  horseback 
over  Guernsey,  Belmont  and  Noble  counties.  In  1868  he  was  transferred  to 
Coshocton,  Ohio.  Fathers  O'Brien,  Laughlin  and  Hall  succeeded  Father 
Jacket  in  the  order  named,  each  remaining  but  a  short  time.  About  1870, 
Rev.  Father  Heary,  now  of  Dennison,  Ohio,  came  to  Temperanceville,  and  at- 
tended to  the  wants  of  the  Catholic  people  of  Guernsey  county.  He  said  mass 
and  held  services  part  of  the  time  at  the  residence  of  Steve  Ouinn.  at  the  cor- 
ner of  Second  street  and  Gomber  avenue,  Cambridge,  and  part  of  the  time 
at  Michael  Slaymons.  at  Guernsey  Mines.  At  that  date  there  were  not  more 
than  a  dozen  families  near  Cambridge. 

Father  Heary  was  followed  by  Father  Montag,  who  for  a  long  time  held 
services  at  Slaymon's,  Guernsey  Mines,  then  at  Adam's  hall,  near  the  court 
house,  which  building  was  leased  by  the  Catholic  people.  Later  the  Carlisle 
Hall,  on  Wheeling  avenue.  Cambridge,  was  rented.  Following  Father  Heary 
came  Rev.  Nathaniel  McCaffrey  in  1897,  Nvn0  was  trie  ^rst  priest  to  regularly 


reside  at  Cambridge.  Shortly  after  his  coming,  the  Catholics  bought  the 
Shultz  property,  at  the  corner  of  Gomber  and  North  Ninth  streets,  and  while 
they  were  erecting  a  small  church  on  the  rear  of  the  lot,  he  said  mass  and  held 
services  at  William  Armbuster's,  on  West  Wheeling  avenue. 

Then  let  it  be  recorded  that  the  first  Catholic  church  in  Cambridge  was  on 
Gomber  avenue,  between  Seventh  and  Eighth  streets,  and  it  was  dedicated  by 
Bishop  Watterson  in  December,  1897.  The  Bishop  being  of  national  reputa- 
tion, and  many  never  having  seen  a  bishop,  the  attendance  was  very  large. 
This  good  bishop  was  noted  for  his  zeal  in  the  cause  of  temperance. 

The  first  parish  formed  in  Cambridge  was  organized  by  Father  McCaff- 
rey, who  was  succeeded  by  Father  James  Slevin,  who  remained  only  eight 
months,  retiring  on  account  of  his  extreme  old  age.  Then  came  Rev.  C.  H.  A. 
Watterson  as  pastor,  beginning  his  labors  in  July.  1901.  The  congregation 
grew  and  flourished  spiritually,  under  his  administration.  In  June,  1904,  he 
was  selected  to  organize  a  parish  in  East  Newark,  Ohio.  The  same  year  and 
month  he  was  succeeded  by  the  present  able  pastor.  Rev.  J.  H.  Wagner.  Under 
his  guidance,  the  congregation  has  almost,  if  not  quite,  doubled  its  member- 

In  1910  (present  year)  there  is  being  completed  a  magnificent  brick 
church,  with  a  parochial  school  building  on  the  lots  above  described,  on  the 
corner  of  Gomber  and  North  Seventh  streets.  This  is  known  as  St.  Benedict's 
church.  The  church  will  easily  seat  seven  hundred  persons.  The  interior 
finish  of  this  building  is  indeed  elegant;  its  altars  are  works  of  high  art,  the 
main  one  costing  in  excess  of  eight  hundred  dollars.  This  church  building 
is  considered  one  of  the  finest  in  this  section  of  the  country.  Its  dedication 
was  on  Sunday.  November  20,  1910,  when  Bishop  Hartley,  of  Columbus, 
officiated,  being  assisted  by  Father  Waterson  and  Father  O'Boylan,  of  New- 
ark, and  Father  Mattingly  of  Lancaster. 

The  Slavish  Roman  Catholic  church  at  Byesville  was  begun  in  June, 
1905,  and  completed  in  November  of  the  same  year.  It  was  erected  at  an 
expense  of  seven  thousand  dollars,  and  its  location  is  on  Fifth  street,  south  of 
Main.  The  congregation  in  1907  was  over  seven  hundred.  A  nine-room 
parsonage  was  provided  south  from  the  church,  at  a  cost  of  five  thousand  dol- 
lars. Rev.  E.  F.  Rahtarsik,  pastor,  was  the  man  who  put  this  church  on  its 
present  standing. 


The  Methodist  Protestant  church  at  Cambridge  was  formed  by  Rev. 
Cornelius  Springer,  in  1830.  with  seven  members,  Thomas  Mcllyar  and  wife. 


Peter  Corbet  and  wife.  Zephima  C.  Suitt  and  wife  and  Thomas  Sarchet.     Mr. 
Sarchet  did  not  become  a  full  member  until  1832. 

Services  were  held  in  the  lower  room  of  the  old  Masonic  building,  on 
Seventh  street.  A  small  brick  church  was  built  in  1832,  Thomas  Sarchet 
having  donated  the  lot  and  built  the  church.  In  1832  the  society  was  reor- 
ganized and  Thomas  Sarchet,  Solomon  Tomolson  and  wife,  Sarah  Tingle  and 
others,  became  members  in  full  communion.  The  local  church  at  this  time  be- 
longed to  Cambridge  circuit.  Rev.  William  Reeves  and  wife  and  Rev.  George 
Broure  served  as  evangelists  before  any  regular  pastor  -was  appointed.  Rev. 
Jacob  Meyers  and  Rev.  A.  H.  Basset  seem  to  have  been  on  the  Cambridge 
circuit  at  this  time  and  preached  at  Cambridge,  as  Rev.  Springer  lived  at  Zanes- 
ville.  The  first  pastor  in  charge  was  Rev.  Jacob  Ragan,  he  having  been  ap- 
pointed by  the  Pittsburg  conference  in  the  autumn  of  1832.  Rev.  Ragan  died 
here  October  3,  1834,  and  his  body  rests  in  the  old  cemetery  here.  Singular 
enough  to  relate,  it  appears  that  with  the  passing  of  all  these  years  only  two 
pastors  died  in  Cambridge  from  this  church.  Revs.  Ragan  and  John  Rowcliff. 
Rev.  Dobbins  filled  out  Rev.  Ragan's  time.  The  records  show  that  Revs.  J. 
Burns  and  George  Claney  were  appointed  pastors  of  Cambridge  circuit  in  1834 
and  supplied  Cambridge.  Rev.  John  Herbert  came  in  1836;  Revs.  Israel 
Thrapp  and  A.  H.  Basset,  in  1838  and  1840.  Following  came  pastors,  Jacob 
Nichols  and  John  Rowcliff,  the  latter  dying  in  1846.  Then  came  Rev.  Wil- 
liam Munhall  and  Rev.  Washington  Mannard  in  1849.  These  were  succeeded 
by  George  Caney  and  Joel  Thrapp.  This  brings  it  to  1851,  when  Cambridge 
became  a  station  and  Rev.  Springer  became  pastor  in  1852.  In  1853  came 
William  Ross;  Rev.  Washington  Mannard,  1855;  Rev-  J°hn  Burns,  i860. 
Then  Cambridge  was  attached  to  Cambridge  circuit  again  and  Rev.  C.  L. 
Sears  and  Rev.  J.  W.  Case  were  appointed  pastors  in  1863.  In  1865  came 
Revs.  J.  M.  Woodward  and  T.  H.  Scott.  In  1866,  Revs.  E.  S.  Hoagland 
and  Rev.  Walter  Moore  served.  In  1871  came  Revs.  J.  W.  Woodward  and 
O.  V.  W.  Chandler.  1872,  came  Rev.  K.  M.  Woodward.  At  that  date  Cam- 
bridge again  became  a  station  and  Rev.  S.  A.  Fisher  was  appointed  pastor  in 


During  the  latter's  pastorate  the  second  church  was  erected,  the  same 
costing  seven  thousand  dollars,  and  was  dedicated  November  26,  1876,  Revs. 
J.  J.  Murray  and  Alexander  Clark  officiating,  assisted  by  clergymen  from  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church.  In  1879  Rev.  S.  S.  Fleming  became  pastor. 
Then  came  Revs.  E.  H.  Scott,  1880;  A.  Sarchet,  188 1 ;  J.  W.  Thompson, 
1882:  M.  L.  Jennings,  1883;  J.  A.  Thrapp,  1887;  F.  A.  Brown,  1890;  G.  E. 
McManiman,  1895;  J.  A.  Selby,  1896;  S.  A.  Fisher,  1901 ;  C.  E.  Sheppard, 
1904;  W.  E.  Harrison,  1910,  and  still  serving  as  pastor. 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    OHIO,  i-l<) 

During  the  seventy-five  year,-  history  of  this  church  there  seems  to  have 
been  thirty-one  regular  pastors.  Of  these  only  twelve  are  now  living.  It  was 
during  the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Selby  that  the  third  church  building  was  erected 
'  at  a  cost  of  thirteen  thousand  and  ten  dollars.  It  was  dedicated  June  i<;.  [898, 
by  Doctors  F.  T.  Tagg.  of  Baltimore,  and  M.  L  Jennings,  of  Pittsburg,  as- 
sisted by  Doctors  D.  C.  Coburn,  W.  L.  Wells,  J.  A.  Selby  and  F.  A.  Brown. 
During  Rev.  Sheppard's  time  as  pastor  here,  the  heating  plant  system  was 
installed  and  a  beautiful  pipe  organ  was  secured  and  other  improvements  made 
upon  the  church,  which  is  indeed  a  model  house  of  worship. 


The  Byesville  Methodist  Protestant  church  was  organized  about  1873, 
Rev.  John  Burns,  D.  D.,  of  the  Cambridge  Methodist  Protestant  church,  offici- 
ating. The  organization  took  place  in  the  home  of  Liburn  B.  Rodgers.  then 
living  at  Old  Town,  just  east  from  Enon  Baptist  church.  The  following  is  a 
list  of  charter  members:  L.  B.  Rodgers  and  wife,  Isaac  Hoopman  and  wife. 
Weslev  Gorsuch  and  wife,  Mary  (Kaufman)  Cummings. 

At  first  they  met  at  private  houses  and  in  a  log  building  at  the  forks-  of 
the  road  near  Trail  run,  where  they  worshiped  until  the  fall  of  1853,  when  a 
church  known  as  Bethlehem,  was  dedicated.  Rev.  Joel  Thrapp,  D.  D.,  officiat- 
ing. This  served  until  1880  when  the  society  bought  a  lot  and  erected  a  new 
church  at  the  corner  of  Main  and  Depot  streets  in  Byesville,  which  served 
until  1903,  when  the  present  commodious  edifice  was  erected,  at  the  corner 
of  Main  and  North  High  streets. 

The  pastors  who  have  faithfully  served  this  people  include  these:  Rev. 
William  Ross.  Rev.  Joel  Thrapp.  D.  D..  Rev.  Orr,  Rev.  Israel  Thrapp.  Rev. 
William  Sears,  Rev.  Case,  Rev.  John  Burns,  D.  D.,  Rev.  E.  S.  Hoagland, 
Rev.  J.  C.  Ogle,  Rev.  Thomas  Scott.  Rev.  A.  Harrison,  Rev.  J.  P.  King,  Rev. 
J.  My  Woodward,  Rev.  O.  V.  W.  Chandler,  D.  D.,  Rev.  S.  A.  Tisher,  D.  D.. 
Rev.  W.  L.  Wells,  D.  D.,  Rev.  J.  B.  McCormick.  D.  D.,  Rev.  W.  H.  Guy.  Rev. 
S.  S.  Fisher.  D.  D..  Sc.  D..  Rev.  G.  E.  McManiman,  D.  D„  Rev.  Joseph  Gray, 
Rev.  W.  S.  Cairns,  D.  D.,  Rev.  D.  C.  Weese,  Rev.  C.  R.  Blades.  Rev.  C.  S. 
McGrath,  Rev.  C.  E.  Stockdale. 


Presbyterianism  has  always  been  a  strong  factor  in  the  county — both  the 
regular  and  United  Presbyterian  bodies.  The  following  facts  have  been  fur- 
nished by  the  present  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  church  at  Cambridge,  at  the 
request  of  the  publishers  of  this  work : 


In  the  year  1827  Rev.  'William  Wallace  was  authorized  by  some  presby- 
tery to  visit  the  village  of  Cambridge  and  establish  a  Presbyterian  church 
organization.  In  accordance  with  directions  he  effected  such  an  organization 
in  April  of  that  year.  Three  elders  were  elected,  viz:  Thomas  Oldham, 
James  Wilson  and  Jesse  Johnston.  Their  meetings  for  preaching  services 
were  held  in  the  court  house,  and  for  some  time  Rev.  William  Wallace  min- 
istered to  the  congregation,  preaching  for  them  at  stated  intervals.  In  the 
year  1834  the  names  of  John  B.  Thompson,  M.  D.,  David  Burt  and  Ehenezer 
Smith  were  added  to  the  roll  of  sessions,  and  the  names  of  Silas  Burt  and 
Michael  Rogers  were  added  in  the  year  1837. 

About  the  year  1837  Rev.  James  Black  supplied  the  church  for  some  little 
time ;  he  was  followed  by  Rev.  John  Arthur,  who  supplied  the  congregation 
for  two  or  three  years.  After  this  Rev.  William  Wallace  furnished  whatever 
preaching  service  they  had  until  the  year  1850. 

At  a  congregational  meeting  held  in  1845  tne  following  elders  were 
elected  :  Samuel  Wilson.  Hugh  Wilson,  Thomas  Oldham,  Jr.  Later  the  name 
of  John  McFarland  was  added  to  the  roll  of  eldership.  The  church  records 
will  show  that  these  men  were  of  the  strictest  sect,  and  administered  the  law 

The  congregation  of  Cambridge  was  a  part  of  the  presbytery  of  Zanes- 
ville  and  when  the  union  of  the  Old-School  and  New-School  Presbyterian 
churches  was  formed  it  was  transferred  to  the  presbytery  of  St.  Clairsville. 

Al  out  the  first  of  October,  1853,  Rev.  William  V.  Milligan,  a  young  man 
who  had  been  licensed  by  the  presbytery  of  St.  Clairsville  in  April,  1853,  went 
out  to  Uniontown,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  to  preach  for  Rev.  William 
Ferguson,  while  Rev.  Ferguson  would  fill  an  appointment  that  he  had  made 
at  Cambridge,  Ohio.  The  young  man  suggested  that  Rev.  Ferguson  let  him 
fill  the  appointment  at  Cambridge,  the  request  was  granted  and  on  the  first 
Sunday  of  November,  1853.  Rev.  Milligan  preached  his  first  sermon  for  the 
congregation  that  he  was  to  serve  for  forty-five  years.  He  agreed  to  preach 
as  supply  until  the  first  of  April,  1854.  During  the  winter  his  work  was  very 
successful,  and  the  records  show  that  there  were  two  meetings  of  the  session 
held  that  winter  for  the  purpose  of  receiving  new  members.  As  the  pastor  in 
charge  was  not  an  ordained  minister.  Rev.  William  Ferguson  moderated  one 
meeting  and  Rev.  Jacob  Milligan  the  other.  The  congregation  was  so  well 
pleased  with  the  ministrations  of  Rev.  Milligan  that  in  the  spring  of  1854  they 
gave  him  a  call  to  become  their  pastor,  and  in  the  little  brick  church  which  oc- 
cupied the  site  of  the  present  commodious  structure,  he  was  ordained  by  the 
presbytery  of  Zanesville,  May  10,  1854. 

i;ri-:u\si-;v  corxTV,  o 

The  history  of  the  congregation  is  practically  the  history  of  the  work  of 
Rev.  W.  V.  Milligan,  D.  I).,  for  the  next  forty-five  years.  The  work  begun 
on  the  first  Sabbath  of  November,.  [853,  was  continued  without  intermission 
or  a  single  vacation,  missing  but  two  Sundays  appointment  till  the  last  Sab- 
hath  of  November,  1898.  The  last  service  of  Doctor  Milligan  was  Sabbath 
evening  and  a  large  congregation  was  present.  At  the  close  of  the  service 
Doctor  Milligan  announced  that  the  pulpit  of  the  Presbyterian  church  would 
be  vacant  that  night  at  twelve  o'clock.  Doctor  Milligan  retired  from  the  active 
work  of  the  ministry  with  the  good  will  of  not  only  the  members  of  his  own 
congregation,  but  of  the  entire  community.  Coming  to  the  congregation 
fresh  from  the  seminary,  he  had  given  to  the  congregation  a  life  of  faithful 
service:  the  strung,  vigorous  church  that  he  left  as  a  monument  is  a  fitting 
testimonial  to  the  character  of  that  service  rendered,  not  as  unto  man  but  as 
unto  God.  Since  Doctor  Milligan  resigned  he  has  seen  three  pastors  called 
to  the  pulpit.  The  present  pastor  attributes  much  of  his  success  to  the  help- 
ful counsel  and  cheerful  advice  given  by  him.  who,  as  a  father  in  Israel,  is  loved 
and  respected  by  all  who  know  him.  He  has  already  passed  the  mark  of  four- 
score years,  yet  is  his  natural  force  not  abated,  nor  his  interest  in  the  congre- 
gation which  he  served  so  long  lessened. 

When  Doctor  Milligan  took  charge  of  the  work  in  1853  there  were  eighty- 
three  names  on  the  church  roll.  The  village  of  Cambridge  had  a  population 
of  less  than  a  thousand,  and  had  at  least  four  other  congregations  at  work  in 
this  limited  territory,  viz :  Methodist  Episcopal.  Methodist  Protestant.  Bap- 
tist, and  Associate,  afterward  the  United  Presbyterian.  The  growth  of  the 
Presbyterian  organization  was  a  steady  one.  about  twenty  names  being  added 
each  year,  and  when  Doctor  Milligan  closed  his  pastorate  in  1898  the  church 
had  a  membership  of  two  hundred  and  fifty. 

Doctor  Milligan  was  quite  a  builder  in  more  senses  than  one.  In  1857 
the  congregation,  under  his  direction,  erected  a  building  costing  over  four 
thousand  dollars,  and  in  1893  the  present  modern  structure  was  erected  at  a 
cost  of  twenty  thousand  dollars. 

In  1876  Rev.  William  Bryant  was  elected  elder.  In  1892  the  following 
were  selected  elders:  Samuel  J.  McMahon,  Alexander  Fulton,  Jonathan  F. 
Oldham,  W.  B.  Green  and  Howard  W.  Luccock.  In  the  year  1900  William 
F.  Dollison,  Samuel  W.  Luccock,  Oscar  Dougherty,  Robert  H.  Mills  and  Sam- 
uel E.  Boden  were  elected  to  the  eldership,  and  in  1906  the  following  were 
elected  and  installed  as  elders:  C.  C.  Laughlin,  George  M.  Williams.  Chester 
Lloyd.  J.  M.  Carr.  Edward  B.  Milligan,  E.  A.  Scott  and  J.  M.  Wood. 

Rev.  W.  F.  W'eir,  D.  D.,  was  elected  to  the  pastorate  of  the  congregation, 


May  24.  1899,  and  was  installed  August  6th  of  the  same  year.  Doctor  Weir 
came  to  the  congregation  just  at  a  time  when  an  active,  aggressive  man  was 
needed.  Cambridge  had  begun  to  grow  very  rapidly.  He  proved  to  be  just 
the  man  tor  the  place.  In  a  short  pastorate  of  less  than  four  years  he  added 
over  two  hundred  members  to  the  church  and  when  he  left  the  congregation, 
to  accept  a  call  to  Ashtabula,  he  left  a  strong,  vigorous  congregation  of  over 
four  hundred  members. 

On  July  15,  1903,  Rev.  Ken  C.  Hayes  was  called  to  the  pulpit  made  vacant 
by  the  resignation  of  Doctor  Weir.  Rev.  Hayes  was  installed  September  28, 
1903.  Doctor  Hayes  was  a  very  forcible  preacher,  a  man  of  most  pleasing 
persi  iriality,  and  had  a  quiet  but  successful  pastorate  of  six  years,  when  he 
resigned  to  accept  a  call  to  another  congregation. 

The  present  pastor,  Rev.  William  L.  McCormick,  was  installed  Septem- 
ber 21,  1909.  Since  the  beginning  of  the  present  pastorate  there  have  been 
ninety  accessions  to  the  church  and  the  congregation  is  in  a  most  prosperous 
condition  financially,  and  on  every  hand  there  is  evidence  of  the  presence  and 
blessing  of  the  Holy  Spirit.  At  present  the  congregation  has  a  membership 
of  almost  five  hundred,  and  the  prospect  for  future  growth  were  never  more 


The  Buffalo  Presbyterian  church,  at  Cumberland,  was  organized  in  1816. 
It  now  has  a  membership  of  three  hundred  and  fifty.  It  is  one  of  the  oldest 
and  most  substantial  churches  in  Guernsey  county,  and  of  the  entire  state,  in 
the  list  of  country  churches. 

Three  church  buildings  have  served  this  people,  the  first  being  situated 
just  to  the  north  of  the  village  of  Cumberland,  the  second  in  the  western  end 
of  the  village  and  the  present  one  about  the  center.  The  last  named  was 
erected  in  1894,  is  of  brick,  and  cost  eighteen  thousand  dollars. 

The  pastors  who  have  served  this  congregation  have  been :  Revs.  Bald- 
ridge,  1817-23;  William  Wallace,  1824-38;  Thomas  P.  Gordon,  1840-42;  M. 
M.  Brown,  1843-1853:  William  R.  Fulton,  1853-55;  J°hn  R-  Duncan,  1857- 
1864;  Henry  C.  Foulke,  1867-78;  F.  M.  Kumler,  1880-89;  H.  C.  Morledge, 
1890-1909;  David  C.  Whitemarsh,  1909,  the  present  pastor. 


The  Lore  City  Presbyterian  church  is  midway  between  Washington  and 
Senecaville.     The  people  erected  a  neat  little  church  here  and  effected  an 


organization  in  1884,  with  forty-seven  members.     This  church  has  been  min- 
istered to  by  the  pastors  of  Washington  and  Senecaville. 


Washington  Presbyterian  church  was  formed  by  early  settlers  from  out 
the  sturdy  Scotch-Irish  people.  They  first  met  at  the  village  hotel  and  they 
depended  on  traveling  ministers.  The  first  house  of  worship  was  erected  in 
181  _',  and  was  a  small  log  house  built  by  the  people.  It  stood  just  outside  the 
village,  near  the  old  graveyard.  Ten  years  later  an  addition  was  made  to 
this  log  church  and  in  1827  a  new  brick  church  was  provided  in  the  town. 
This  was  almost  totally  destroyed  in  1834  by  a  wind  storm,  was  rebuilt  and 
enlarged,  and  served  until  i860,  when,  in  a  year  later,  the  present  church  was 

This  church  was  organized  in  181 1,  under  the  name  of  Leatherwood, 
which  was  changed  to  Washington  in  1822.  Rev.  John  Boyd  was  instru- 
mental in  founding  this  congregation.  The  pastors  serving  for  many  years 
are  found  in  the  Lore  City  and  Senecaville  church  histories  of  this  denom- 
ination. This  church  has  experienced  many  great  revivals,  the  largest  prob- 
ably in  its  entire  history  being  that  of  1839,  under  Rev.  Samuel  Hair.  Other 
revival  seasons  were  in  1858  and  1885. 


The  Senecaville  Presbyterian  church  was  organized  in  1810  by  Rev.  John 
Royd,  whose  labors  were  divided  between  this  point  and  Leatherwood.  In 
1815  Rev.  James  Smith  accepted  a  call,  and  he  died  in  1819.  The  next  pastor 
was  Rev.  Thomas  B.  Clark,  who  began  in  1821  and  continued  nine  years. 
The  church  then  remained  vacant  a  number  of  years,  during  which  time  a 
great  revival  broke  out.  But  without  a  pastor,  the  congregation  became  scat- 
tered again,  and  a  Cumberland  Presbyterian  society  was  formed  which  almost 
absorbed  the  original  mother  Presbyterian  church.  In  1835  came  Rev.  David 
Polk,  who  brought  the  fragments  of  the  church  together  again  and  their  prop- 
erty was  restored  to  them  and  much  good  done.  Following  him  came  Rev. 
John  Arthur  for  eighteen  months,  then  came  Rev.  John  Alexander  in  1842, 
continuing  until  1853.  During  this  period  the  congregation  flourished  and 
grew  in  numbers  greatly.  In  1854  came  Rev.  William  Ferguson,  and  gave 
the  church  one-fourth  of  his  time  until  1862,  after  which  all  of  his  time  was 
devoted  to  the  church  at  Washington.     During  his  labors  a  church  was  built 


and  a  great  revival  followed.  Then  the  churches  of  Senecaville  and  Washing- 
ton were  dissolved  and  separate  congregations  formed.  Then  was  built  the 
church  of  Bulah.  at  Claysville :  Rev.  W.  R.  Miller  took  charge  of  this  and  con- 
tinued until  1867.  In  1 868  Rev.  Courtw right  became  pastor  and  he  resigned 
in  1870.  In  1874,  Rev.  R.  B.  Porter  was  made  pastor,  continuing  until  1876. 
After  the  resignation  of  this  man  took  place  the  former  relationship  with  the 
church  at  Washington  was  resumed,  and  Rev.  A.  G.  Eagleson  became  pastor 
iif  the  Washington  church,  supplying  this  church  two  years.  In  1879  Rev.  J. 
P.  Stafford,  D.  D.,  began  his  labors  as  stated  supply,  continuing  a  year  and  a 
half.  Doctor  Miller  also  supplied  for  a  short  season.  In  1883  Rev.  Newton 
Donaldson,  a  pastor  of  the  Washington  church,  became  pastor  at  Senecaville, 
remaining  for  five  years.  Soon  after  his  coming  a  new  church  was  formed  at 
Lore  City,  composed  of  members  from  both  Senecaville  and  Washington. 
These  three  churches  constituted  the  charge  of  Mr.  Donaldson,  and  his  min- 
istry was  very  successful.  Rev.  Charles  McCracken  succeeded  Mr.  Donald- 
son, continuing  three  years.  The  next  pastor  was  Rev.  McMaster,  who  re- 
mained three  years.      (No  further  data  was  sent  to  the  author  of  this  work.) 


A  church  of  this  denomination  was  organized  in  Spencer  township,  in 
1835,  by  a  number  of  Presbyterians  who  were  dissatisfied  with  the  creed  and 
teachings  of  the  mother  church ;  hence  they,  in  connection  with  Rev.  Isaac 
Shook,  of  Tennessee,  formed  what  they  desired  and  finally  were  permitted  to 
call  it  the  "Cumberland  Presbyterian  church."  It  was  made  up  largely  from 
members  of  the  old  Buffalo  Presbyterian  church.  The  first  membership 
(August,  1835)  was  forty-two.  It  has  flourished  well  and  had  many  strong 
pastors,  including  Revs.  Shook,  Thomas  Thomas,  Ezra  K.  Squire,  D.  D., 
A.  D.  Hail,  D.  D..  W.  G.  Archer  and  others  of  later  days.  In  1895  they  oc- 
cupied their  second  church  building,  a  fine  brick  church. 


There  are  now.  in  this  county,  the  following  United  Brethren  churches  : 
The  Cambridge  churches,  the  Four  Mile  Hill  church,  the  one  at  Gibson,  the 
one  at  Senecaville  and  one  at  Chestnut  Hill. 

The  Otterbein  United  Brethren  church,  near  Four  Mile  Hill,  east  of 
Cambridge,  in  Centre  township,  was  formed  many  years  ago.  It  now  has  a 
membership  of  fifty-four.     Its  house  of  worship  consists  of  a  frame  structure, 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    OHIO.  I  5  5 

thirty  by  fifty  feet,  now  valued  at  two  thousand  five  hundred  dollars.     Tin's  is 
served  by  the  pastor  of  the  Second  church  of  Cambridge,  at  present,  and  has 

been  for  three  years. 

The  Madison  avenue  United  Brethren  church,  at  Cambridge,  was  organ- 
ized in  August,  [891,  by  Rev.  I.  Dennis,  pastor.  The  charter  members  were 
Peter  Grudier  and  wife,  Mrs.  Naff,  Mis.  R.  Evans,  Miss  Anna  Bailey  and 
Joseph  Moore.  The  following  winter  seventy-five  members  were  received  into 
the  church  from  a  revival  conducted  by  Reverend  Dennis.  The  present  num- 
ber of  active  members  is  two  hundred  and  seventy-six. 

The  following;  have  served  as  pastors:  Rev.  W.  S.  Coder.  [893;  Rev. 
A.  M.  Shepherd.  1K94:  Rev.  J.  S.  Jones,  from  [895  to  i<k>4:  Rev.  W.  S. 
White,  from  11)04  to  1906;  Rev.  \Y.  O.  Siffert,  1906  to  1911. 

The  society  purchased  the  Madison  avenue  school  property  in  [892  for 
one  thousand  five  hundred  and  ten  dollars  and  have  remodeled  the  building  and 
built  a  good  parsonage.  The  present  value  of  the  church  property  is  fixed  at 
seven  thousand  five  hundred  dollars  and  free  from  dehts. 

The  Second  United  Brethren  church,  located  in  East  Cambridge,  on  the 
road  leading-  to  Byesville,  was  organized  by  Rev.  \Y.  O.  Siffert.  of  the  First 
United  Brethren  church  of  Cambridge,  September  6,  lgc'S.  The  charter  mem- 
bers were  as  follows:  James  H.  Barrow,  Mrs.  J.  II.  Barrow,  Mrs.  J.  H.  Buck- 
ingham. Cecil  Buckingham,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Landman,  Charles  Landman, 
Martha  Landman.  Ernest  Landman,  J.  H.  Hollett.  Mrs.  J.  H.  Hollett.  II.  W. 
Thatcher.  Mrs.  H.  \Y.  Thatcher.  Mabel  Thatcher,  Mrs.  Jane  Willis,  Maud 
Willis,  Mrs.  Maud  Biggs,  Mrs.  Lizzie  Bebout.  J.  D.  Olliver. 

Rev.  C.  C.  Slater  began  his  pastorate — the  church's  first — October  4, 
[908.  A  frame  church  was  erected,  twenty-eight  by  forty  feet  in  size,  costing 
one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars.  The  present  membership  of  this  society 
is  one  hundred  and  four. 


Christ's  Evangelical  Lutheran  church,  at  the  corner  of  South  Ninth  street 
and  Madison  avenue,  Cambridge,  was  organized  September  9,  1901.  There 
were  twenty-two  charter  members  and  at  present  the  church  enjoys  a  member- 
ship of  one  hundred. 

The  pastors  who  have  served  this  society  are  as  follows:  Rev.  O.  Z. 
Horshman,  1901  to  1904;  Rev.  W.  J.  Kratz,  1904  to  date,  1910.  A  neat 
church,  built  of  tile,  was  erected  so  that  it  was  dedicated  December  21,  1902. 
Its  cost  was  four  thousand  dollars. 



St.  Paul's  Evangelical  Lutheran  church,  of  Pleasant  City  (formerly  Point 
Pleasant),  was  organized  April  1,  1864,  by  the  following  charter  membership: 
Isaac  Secrest,  Mary  Secrest,  Elizabeth  Albin,  John  W.  Spaid,  Elizabeth  Spaid, 
Thomas  Albin,  Thomas  A.  Dyson,  Christina  M.  Dyson,  Sarah  M.  Dyson, 
Eliza  A.  Savely,  Sarah  Dyson,  Martha  J.  Albin,  Elizabeth  A.  Kackley,  Levi 
Secrest,  Elizabeth  Secrest,  Timothy  Hickle,  Hannah  Hickle,  Elizabeth  Jordan, 
John  Sinter,  Barbara  Secrest,  Baylis  D.  Kackley  and  Mahala  Secrest.  These 
persons  were  also  nearly  all  charter  members  of  the  Harmony  Evangelical 
Lutheran  church,  organized  at  Hartford,  Ohio,  in  1848.  The  organization 
of  the  church  now  being  treated  was  effected  in  the  old  school  house  in  Pleas- 
ant City,  under  direction  of  Rev.  Reuben  Smith.  The  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  building  was  used  by  the  Lutherans  until  in  1869,  when  the  Lutherans 
decided  to  build  for  themselves  a  house  of  worship.  During  the  remaining 
months  of  1869  and  into  the  early  months  of  1870,  while  the  new  building  was 
being  completed,  the  congregation  held  services  and  Sunday  school  in  the  brick 
building  now  owned  by  John  Stranathan,  on  the  northwest  corner  of  the  pub- 
lic square. 

Early  in  1869,  the  building  committee  purchased  from  Jonas  D.  and 
Sarah  A.  Arnold,  for  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars,  the  southeast  corner  lot 
from  the  public  square.  The  building  committee  consisted  of  Abraham 
Thompson,  Dr.  William  Teeter,  John  W.  Spaid,  John  H.  Finley  and  Thomas 

A  substantial  frame  structure,  forty  by  fifty  feet,  was  erected  at  a  cost  of 
two  thousand  dollars.  Early  in  June,  1870,  this  building  was  dedicated  to  the 
worship  of  God. 

The  first  officers  were  :  Thomas  Dyson  and  Timothy  Hickle,  elders ;  John 
W.  Spaid  and  Thomas  Albin,  deacons.  Mr.  Albin  is  still  living  and  has  served 
his  church  in  an  official  capacity  since  1864.  The  congregation  worshiped 
here  from  1870  until  1898,  when  the  house  was  removed  and  a  new  church 
building  erected.  The  old  building  was  moved  to  the  north  side  of  Main 
street,  and  is  now  used  as  a  business  room  and  dwelling  apartments.  When 
the  new  church  was  built  the  building  committee  was  as  follows  :  W.  F.  Bierly, 
Samuel  Finley,  T.  S.  Nicholson,  C.  F.  Floto  and  J.  A.  Kackley.  The  corner- 
stone was  laid  July  3,  1898,  and  the  house  was  dedicated  on  New  Year's  day. 
1899,  Rev.  S.  A.  Orl.  D.  D.,  of  Springfield,  Ohio,  delivering  the  dedicatory 
sermon.  The  new  structure  cost  about  four  thousand  dollars,  but  the  build- 
ing and  furniture  could  not  be  furnished  today,  at  the  going  prices  for  labor 


and  material,  for  less  than  six  thousand  dollars.  It  is  a  very  comfortable, 
commodious  and  churchly  structure. 

The  present  membership  of  the  church  is  one  hundred  and  three  com- 
municants and  one  hundred  and  forty-one  baptized  members.  It  now  enjoys 
its  largest  membership.  It  has  a  Sunday  school  of  two  hundred  and  fifteen 
scholars,  with  \Y.  F.  Bierly  as  its  efficient  superintendent. 

The  charter  members  of  this  prosperous  church  still  surviving  are: 
Thomas  Albin,  Eliza  A.  Savely,  Elizabeth  A.  Kackley,  Martha  J.  Dyson  and 
Levi  Secrest. 

The  i<)io  officers  are:  Dr.  J.  A.  Kackley,  A.  C.  Flanagan  and  Thomas 
Albin,  elders;  T.  A.  Spaid.  Robert  M.  Shields  and  O.  E.  Trenner,  deacons. 
The  church  society  is  free  from  debt  and  has  a  good  working  balance  in  its 
treasury.     Harmony  and  good  will  mark  the  work  of  this  church. 

The  parsonage,  which  is  the  joint  property  of  Harmony,  St.  Taul  and 
Mt.  Zion  congregations,  is  a  comfortable,  commodious  eight-room  dwelling, 
located  on  the  same  street  and  lot  of  the  church. 

The  following  pastors  have  served  this  people:  Reuben  Smith.  1864  to 
1866;  James  Shrieves,  1867  to  1873:  A.  R.  Smith,  1873  to  1876;  D.  M. 
Harme,  1878  to  1880:  J.  Steck,  1880  to  close  of;  A.  C.  Martin,  1881  to  close 
of;  L.  S.  Jones,  1881  to  1882;  A.  Sell,  1882  to  1883;  J.  R.  Booher,  1883  to 
1884;  S.  B.  Hyman,  1885  to  1887;  S.  E.  Slater,  1888  to  1890;  A.  J.  Hauk. 
1890  to  1892;  A.  R.  Felton,  1893  to  1895;  C.  F.  Floto,  1895  to  1900;  Wil- 
liam Hesse,  1900  to  1902 ;  C.  F.  Floto,  1902  to  1905  ;  J.  F.  Hershiser,  1905  to 
1908;  H.  A.  Richardson,  1908,  April  15,  and  is  still  serving  as  pastor. 


The  Lutheran  church  at  Senecaville  was  founded  in  1827  by  Rev.  Wil- 
liam G.  Keil.  born  at  Strasburg,  Virginia,  in  1799  and  died  at  Senecaville  in 
1892.  His  labors  were  great  and  extended  over  much  of  the  territory  in 
southern  Ohio.  This  faithful  man  preached  here  more  than  forty  years.  The 
church  has  never  been  strong  since  his  labors  ceased.  The  greatest  revival  in 
the  history  of  this  church  was  in  the  winter  of  1833-34,  when  many  prominent 
citizens  were  converted. 

A  call  was  extended  to  Rev.  William  G.  Keil  to  become  pastor.  Henry 
Secrest  and  Henry  F.  Frye,  elders,  and  Peter  D.  Robins  and  James  L.  Gil- 
breath  were  the  first  regularly  elected  officials  of  the  congregation.  Peter  D. 
Robins  was  elected  clerk  and  Robertson  Rose  and  Casper  Lurrick  were  chosen 


During  the  first  year  of  this  church's  existence  the  membership  was  in- 
creased to  sixty-nine.  But  one  of  the  church  members,  Miss  Elizabeth  R. 
Frye,  of  Dei-went,  is  still  living.  The  old  church  building  served  its  purpose 
and  was  replaced  by  the  present  structure.  It  was  in  1896  that  a  new  house 
was  built  on  the  site  of  the  old  one.  W.  H.  Spaid,  E.  E.  Nulund  and  J.  R. 
Miley  were  chosen  to  serve  as  a  building  committee.  The  contract  was  let 
to  J.  W.  Spaid.  The  corner-stone  was  laid  June  14,  1896,  and  the  church  was 
dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God  December  27,  1896,  Rev.  H.  L.  Wiles,  D.  D., 
of  Mansfield,  Ohio,  officiating.  The  estimated  cost  of  the  building  was  about 
three  thousand  dollars,  and  at  a  time  when  wages  and  material  were  much 
cheaper  than  at  present.  Recent  improvements  amount  to  additional  expense 
of  about  seven  hundred  dollars. 


The  Harmony  Evangelical  Lutheran  congregation  has  a  very  beautiful, 
comfortable  and  churchly  edifice  in  which  to  worship.  Rededicatory  services 
were  held  November  6,  19 10,  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  H.  A.  Richardson,  de- 
livering the  sermon  and  Rev.  W.  J.  Krutz,  of  Cambridge,  delivering  the  even- 
ing discourse.  This  church  now  has  one  hundred  and  thirteen  communicants 
and  one  hundred  and  fifty-one  baptized  members.  It  is  out  of  debt  and  has  a 
neat  sum  to  its  credit  in  the  treasury.  There  is  no  internal  strife,  and  a  general 
good  feeling  and  spirit  prevails.  It  has  a  flourishing  Sunday  school,  an  inter- 
esting prayer  meeting,  a  well  attended  Christian  Endeavor  society  and  an 
active,  helpful  Ladies'  Aid  Society.  The  prospects  for  the  future  are  very 
bright.  May  Almighty  God  continue  to  bless  and  favor  this  congregation  in 
the  future  as  He  has  during  the  past  sixty-two  years  of  its  existence. 

The  following  have  served  as  the  pastors  of  this  church:  Revs.  W.  G. 
Keil,  1848  to  1860,  twelve  years;  George  Sinsabaugh,  i860  to  1862,  two  years; 
A.  C.  Felker,  1862  to  1864,  two  years;  Reuben  Smith,  1864  to  1866,  two 
years;  James  Shrivers,  1867  to  1873,  six  years;  A.  R.  Smith,  1873  to  1876, 
three  years;  D.  M.  Harmer,  1878  to  1880,  two  years;  J.  Steck,  1880  to  1881 
(supply),  three  months;  A.  C.  Martin,  1881  (supply),  three  months;  L.  S. 
Jones,  1881  to  1882,  one  year;  A.  Sell,  1S82  to  1883,  one  year;  J.  K.  Boolur, 
1883  to  1884,  one  year;  S.  B.  Hyman.  1885  to  1887,  two  years;  S.  E.  Slater, 
1888  to  1890,  two  years;  A.  J.  Hank,  1890  to  1892,  two  years;  A.  K.  Floto, 
1895  to  tqoo,  four  years  and  nine  months;  William  Hesse,  1900  to  1902,  two 
years;  C.  F.  Floto,  1902  to  1905,  three  years;  J.  F.  Hieshiser,  1905  to  1908, 
two  years,  two  months;  H.  A.  Richardson.  1908,  present  pastor. 

i,i   ERNSEV    COUNTY,    OHIO.  159 

Harmony  Evangelical  church,  of  Hartford,  was  organized  and  lias  had 
the  following  history,  as  written  by  the  present  pasti  >r.  Rev.  1 1.  A.  Richardson  : 

Preliminary  steps  leading  to  the  founding  of  a  Lutheran  church  at  Hart- 
ford, Guernsey  county,  Ohio,  were  taken  about  three  years  before  a  permanent 
organization  was  effected  and  a  church  edifice  built. 

On  the  30th  day  of  January.  1845,  at  a  special  meeting  of  the  under- 
signed held  in  Hartford,  for  the  purpose  of  considering  the  erection  of  a  house 
of  worship  and  effecting  a  church  organization,  it  was  resolved: 

"First — That  it  be  and  is  herein-  recommended  that  the  contemplated 
building  be  thirty-four  feet  by  forty-four  feet,  a  good  substantial  frame  struc- 
ture, weather-boarded  with  planed  poplar  hoards,  four  windows  in  each  side 
and  two  in  one  end  and  opposite  the  doors  in  the  other  end,  windows  to  have 
twenty-four  lights  each,  ten  inches  by  twelve,  and  one  row  of  same  size  above 
each  door. 

"Second — That  the  trustees  invariably  belong  to  the  Lutheran  church. 

"Third — That  we  proceed  to  the  election  of  three  trustees.  The  election 
resulted  in  the  choice  of  Henry  Secrest,  Henry  F.  Frye  and  Peter  D.  Robins. 

"Fourth — That  the  said  trustees  proceed  forthwith  to  carry  the  above  pur- 
pose into  execution." 

Signed  by  Henry  F.  Frye,  Henry  Secrest  and  Peter  D.  Robins,  John 
Hickle,  John  Birkhammer,  William  Spaid,  Abraham  Alhin.  Michael  Spaid, 
Henry  Trumer  and  Jacob  Cale. 

The  above  specifications  do  not  seem  to  be  very  explicit  for  the  building 
of  a  house  of  worship,  but  it  is  presumed  that  they  were  amply  sufficient  for 
those  days  of  simple  and  honest  dealing.  With  a  few  minor  changes  the  house 
was  erected  according  to  these  plans,  sometime  within  the  next  three  years. 
Oil  the  22nd  day  of  January,  1848,  a  permament  organization  was  effected. 
The  names  of  the  following  persons  appear  as  church  members:  John  Stins, 
Henry  Secrest.  Elizaheth  Secrest,  Henry  Trumer,  Sarah  Trumer,  Abraham 
Albin,  John  Hickle.  Robertson  Rose,  James  L.  Gilhreath.  Henry  F.  Frye. 
Timothy  Hickle.  Margaret  Spaid,  Casper  Lurrick,  Peter  D.  Robins,  Deborah 
M.  Robins,  Mahala  Moore.  Christina  Dyson,  Mary  Dyson,  Elizaheth  R.  Frye 
and  Mary  Frye.  twenty  in  all. 

st.  John's  church  ("episcopal). 

St.  John's  Mission.  Cambridge,  Ohio,  was  organized  by  the  Rev.  J.  M. 
Kendrick,  D.  D..  general  missionarv  of  the  diocese  of  Southern  Ohio.  The 
exact  date  of  the  organization  is  unknown,  but  it  is  certain  that  it  took  place 


in  the  fore  part  of  the  eighties.  Services  were  first  held  in  the  old  Methodist 
church  on  Gaston  avenue  and  Ninth  street.  Before  long  the  place  of  holding 
services  was  changed,  and  the  congregation  worshipped  in  the  hall  above  Haw- 
thorne's drug  store  on  Wheeling  avenue.  The  present  church  building  on 
Steubenville  avenue,  near  Sixth  street,  was  opened  for  services  on  November 
15.  1891.  The  church  was  consecrated  by  the  bishop  coadjutor  of  the  diocese 
of  Southern  Ohio,  our  present  Bishop,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Boyd  Vincent.  D.  D.,  on 
October  26,  1897. 

When  the  mission  was  organized  Dr.  William  T.  Ramsey  was  appointed 
lay  reader.  The  first  clergyman  in  charge  was  the  Rev.  C.  B.  Mee.  1886- 
1888.  During  a  vacancy  of  two  years  the  Rev.  R.  K.  Nash  officiated  oc- 
casionally. After  this  the  following  clergymen  served  at  St.  John's:  Rev.  C. 
E.  Butler.  1890-93:  Dr.  William  T.  Ramsey,  1893-95:  Rev.  R.  McCutcheon, 
1895-96:  Rev.  Geo.  P.  Torrence,  1897-1899;  Rev.  C.  E.  Byrer,  1901-1903; 
Ven.  John  R.  Matthews,  1903-1904;  Rev.  Smith,  1904;  Rev.  A.  Ramsey, 
1904-1907:  Ven.  J.  H.  Dodshon,  1907-1910;  Rev.  Alexander  J.  J.  Gruetter, 
1910.  The  present  rector  is  the  arch-deacon  of  Columbus,  the  Ven.  J.  H. 
Dodshon.  and  his  assistant  is  the  minister  in  charge,  the  Rev.  A.  J.  J.  Gruetter. 


The  First  United  Presbyterian  church  of  Cambridge  was  organized  in 
1814,  hence  is  one  of  the  oldest  religious  societies  in  the  county.  Its  pastors 
have  been  as  follows:  Revs.  James  McClain,  1824-1839;  James  McGill,  1S39- 
1850:  Thomas  Brown,  1850-60;  William  H.  McFarland,  i860  to  1900; 
Thomas  D.  Edgar,  October  4,  1900.  to  April  30,  1905 :  J.  W.  Ashwood.  No- 
vember 5,  1905,  and  still  serving.  The  present  membership  of  this  church  is 
seven  hundred  and  fifty-seven. 

Their  various  places  for  worship  since  1814  have  been,  first,  a  tent  on  the 
hill  above  the  "fish-basket''  on  Wills  creek;  second,  a  small  brick  church  on 
the  lot  where  is  now  located  the  J.  E.  Sankey  house,  on  East  Steubenville 
avenue ;  third,  a  frame  church  on  the  present  site  of  the  church  now  in  use ; 
fourth,  the  present  church  edifice,  a  large  brick  structure  erected  about  i860, 
located  on  Steubenville  avenue,  between  Seventh  and  Eighth  streets. 

The  Second  United  Presbyterian  church,  Cambridge,  was  organized  May 
20,  1897,  with  a  membership  of  seventy.  The  following  named  persons  were 
elected  the  first  ruling  elders  in  the  congregation :  W.  S.  Heade.  Esq.,  W.  W. 
Hawthorne,  David  P.  Wilson,  W.  E.  Boden  and  A.  N.  Thompson.  The  fol- 
lowing named  persons  constituted  the  first  board  of  trustees  of  the  congrega- 

tion:  J.  X.  McCartney,  W.  N.  Patterson,  R.  D.  Hood,  \\ .  L.  Boden,  \\  .  \  . 

(  ran  in,  ami  James  Kevin  'Id-. 

The  congregation  worshipped  in  a  hall  for  some  time  until  the  present 
church  building,  located  on  West  Eighth  street,  was  completed  in  June,  1900. 
The  congregation  has  had  three  pastors.  The  Rev.  Thomas  C.  Pollock  was 
chosen  as  the  firsl  pastor,  and  began  his  work  August  I.  1897,  and  served  the 
congregation  as  pastor  until  November  4,  1901.  The  Rev.  Gilbert  O.  Miller 
was  selected  as  the  second  pastor,  commencing  his  labors  July  1,  1902,  and 
served  in  this  capacity  for  live  years.  The  Rev.  R.  A.  Elliott  was  the  third 
pastor  chosen,  and  commenced  his  labors  October  1,  1907.  and  is  still  serving 
this  congregation  as  pastor.  During  the  thirteen  years  of  the  church's  exist- 
ence eight  hundred  and  fifty-one  persons  have  been  added  to  the  church  roll. 
There  is  now  a  membership  of  more  than  five  hundred. 


The  First  United  Preshyterian  church  of  Byesville  was  formed  Septemher 
7.  1904.  The  following  were  the  charter  members:  Dr.  W.  T.  Long,  Mrs. 
\Y.  T.  Long,  Miss  Gail  Long,  Mr.  M.  S.  Guthrie,  Mrs.  M.  S.  Guthrie,  Mrs. 
Xettie  A.  Fulton,  Mrs.  J.  S.  McMunn,  Miss  D.  Rata  McMunn,  Master  J.  I. 
McMunn.  Mr.  J.  L.  Patterson,  Mrs.  J.  L.  Patterson,  Mr.  J.  R.  Duff,  Mrs.  J. 
R.  Duff,  R.  B.  Henderson.  Mr.  C.  J.  White,  Mrs.  C.  J.  White. 

The  present  membership  is  about  forty-five.  The  pastors  have  been  as 
follows:  Revs.  J.  S.  McMunn,  April  to  October,  1904;  R.  R.  Caldwell,  Janu- 
ary 1,  1905,  to  August  1,  1906;  A.  P.  Duncan,  July  1,  1907.  to  June  30,  1910; 
L.  A.  Kerr.  August  7,  1910,  and  still  the  pastor. 

A  church  edifice,  located  on  West  Main  street.  Byesville,  was  dedicated 
on  April  18.  1909,  which  cost  five  thousand  dollars.     It  is  a  frame  structure. 


The  United  Presbyterian  church  at  Washington.  Wills  township,  tin's 
county,  was  organized  in  1824  and  none  of  the  charter  members  are  now  liv- 
ing. The  present  membership  of  this  church  is  seventy-three.  The  following 
pastors  have  served  here:  Revs.  Samuel  Findley,  1824-36;  Alexander  Miller. 
1838-40;  Hugh  Forsythe,  1842-52;  William  Johnston,  1856-66;  S.  M.  Hutch- 
man,  1867-74:  T.  X.  White,  1875-1904;  E.  G.  McKibben,  1905,  to  present 

(n)  ; 



Pleasant  Hill  United  Presbyterian  church  was  formed  in  Jefferson  town- 
ship, November  5,   1867,  by  the  following  persons:  T.  C.  Kirkwood,  Mrs. 

Sydney  ,  Mrs.  Mary  Maxwell  and  possibly  others.     The  pastors 

have  been:  Rev.  Rufus  Johnston,  Rev.  J.  W.  Martin,  1874-82;  Rev.  J.  H. 
Nash,  1883-1902;  E.  G.  McKibben,  who  commenced  his  pastorate  in  1905. 
The  present  membership  is  one  hundred  and  nine. 


The  Lebanon  United  Presbyterian  church  in  Adams  township  was  formed 
April  24,  1824.  David  Proudfit  was  transferred  from  Laurel  Hill,  Pennsyl- 
vania, to  Crooked  Creek,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  and  Lebanon  was  made  a 
connection.     He  died  June  n,  1830. 

In  1834  Reverend  Welsh,  a  young  man,  came,  and  was  installed  April 
22.  1835,  over  Crooked  Creek  and  Lebanon.  He  lived  only  one  year  and  in 
1836  Rev.  Benjamin  'Waddle,  D.  D.,  took  charge.  By  1838  Lebanon  had 
increased  to  seventy-three  families  and  was  organized  as  a  separate  charge 
by  electing  William  Proudfit,  John  Duff,  Samuel  McKnight  and  Robert 
Wagstaff  as  ruling  elders.  In  1842  Doctor  Waddle  was  released  and  in 
1843  Rev-  Samuel  Wallace  was  installed  and  released  in  1849.  I"  April, 
1850,  Rev.  James  Duncan,  D.  D.,  took  charge  and  served  until  1874,  being 
followed  by  Rev.  R.  C.  Criswell  in  April,  1S78,  serving  until  October,  1885. 
Then  came  Rev.  E.  E.  White  in  1886,  being  released  in  1894.  In  1908 
Rev.  H.  B.  McElree  took  charge  for  one  year.  The  present  membership 
is  one  hundred  and  ten.  In  1905  a  church  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  three 
thousand  five  hundred  dollars.  The  present  officers  are:  W.  L.  Simpson. 
T.  C.  Cowden,  Elmer  Duff  and  James  Stewart,  ruling  elders.  The  trustees 
are  Clark  Trimble.  Mathew  Wells  and  Fred  McCleary. 


The  United  Presbyterian  church  of  Fairview  was  formed  about  1823. 
Among  the  pastors  who  have  served  this  people  may  be  recalled  now :  Revs. 
Samuel  Findley,  D.  D. ;  Hugh  Forsythe.  1842  to  1861  ;  G.  W.  Goudy, 
[862-66;  S.  M.  Hutchison.  1868-74:  I.  N.  White.  D.  D.,  1875-1904:  E.  L. 
Eagleson,  1905-08,  and  the  pastorate  has  been  vacant  since  that  date. 

The  first  church  building  was  a  stone  structure  at  the  cemetery  south- 


west  of  Fairvieu.  The  second  one  was  a  large  frame  building  west  of  the 
village  and  the  third  in  the  village,  a  frame  costing  three  thousand  five  hun- 
dred dollars. 

The  present  membership  is  seventy.  For  main  years  this  was  a  strong 
church,  but  by  removals,  the  erection  of  ether  churches  and  other  causes 
the   society   had   dwindled   to   its   present   number. 

There  are  other  churches  of  this  denomination  in  the  county,  but  they 
have  failed  to  furnish  data  for  a  historical  sketch.  Among  these  may  be 
named  the  churches  at  Ml.  Harmon.  Nbrthfield,  The  Ridge,  Salem.  Clear 
Fork,    Londonderry   and   Sand    Hill   meeting  places. 


The  First  Baptist  church  of  Cambridge  was  organized  June  4,  1851, 
by  the  following  constituent  members :  David  A.  Meeks,  Matilda  Meeks, 
Wyatt  Hutchison.  Mary  Hutchison,  Mordecai  McPeek  and  wife,  Nancy 
Deets.  Mary  O'Haven.  John  S.  Suitt,  Helen  Suitt,  Philo  Stoddart,  Nancy 
Stoddart,  John  1!.  Ambler.  Sarah  A.  Ambler.  Nancy  Ambler,  Jacob  O'Haner, 
Rebecca  O'Haner,  Lewis  Ambler,  Mary  Ann  Ambler,  Batsheba  Ambler. 
Jane  Ambler  Waves,  Margaret  Jackson,  Hannah  Jane  Sarchet,  Clarissa 
Alters,  Levi  Clark,  A.  S.  Dennison,  Mary  Gillett,  Julia  Ann  Sigman,  Elder 
James  Murray,  Isabel!  Murray.  Ellen  Mcllyar,  Sarah  Laird  Gudgeon,  Al- 
bright McPeek. 

The  following  have  served  as  pastors  in  this  church :  Revs.  W.  Mears. 
June,  1851,  to  September,  1853;  B.  Y.  Siegfried.  1853-59:  C.  H.  Gunther. 
1860-62;  G.  W.  Churchill.  1867;  Allen  Darrow,  1875;  Rev.  Pendler;  B.  Y. 
Siegfried,  second  term;  L.  B.  Moore.  1887  to  1899;  Fred  A.  Boyng-ton, 
1899-1903;  David  S.  Cannon,  T904-09;  Rolle  E.  Brown,  1910  and  the 
present  pastor. 

A  frame  church  was  erected  in  i860  at  a  cost  of  two  thousand  dol- 
lars. Preparations  are  being  made  to  erect  a  handsome  church  on  the  site 
of  the  old  one.  on  the  corner  of  Steubenville  avenue  and  Eighth  street.  The 
present  membership  of  this  church  is  four  hundred  and  twenty-five. 

In  the  Cambridge  Baptist  Association  are  the  following  points :  Adams- 
ville.  Beaver,  Brushy  Fork,  Byesville.  First  and  Second  Cambridge  churches. 
Old  Centre  church.  Clear  Fork,  Mt.  Zion,  Xewcomerstown.  Otsego.  Pleasant 
View,  Salem.  Salt  Fork,  White  Eyes  Plains,  Wills  Creek. 

The  Second  Baptist  church  of  Cambridge  was  organized  as  a  mission 
Sunday  school  in  January,   1897,  under  the  auspices  of  the  Young  People's 


Union  of  the  First  Baptist  church.  The  three  persons  most  active  in  the 
organization  were  Airs.  J.  M.  Amos,  Rev.  L.  B.  Moore  and  Charles  L. 
McCollum.  The  school  was  organized  in  a  little  store  room  at  No.  514 
North  Second  street.  February  18,  1899.  a  new  church  edifice,  valued  at 
one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars,  was  dedicated  free  of  debt.  The  building 
was  twenty-four  by  forty  feet  and  erected  on  a  lot  between  Second  and 
Third  streets,  on  Woodworth  avenue.  The  lot  was  given  to  the  school  by 
Mrs.  Lucy  Broom.  Two  additions  have  been  made  to  this  building.  The 
present  value  of  the  property  is  three  thousand  dollars.  October  24.  1902,  the 
West  End.  as  it  was  called,  became  a  branch  of  the  First  church  of  Cam- 
bridge, with  Rev.  L.  F.  Taylor  as  assistant  pastor.  July  10,  1907,  the  branch 
became  an  independent  church  organization.  Thirty-three  members  from 
the  First  Baptist  church  of  Cambridge  formed  the  new  society.  Rev.  H.  H. 
Bawden  organized  the  church  and  became  its  first  pastor.  Those  who  have 
served  as  pastors  since  the  Sunday  school  was  organized  are  Revs.  L.  B. 
Moore,  F.  C.  Boughton,  L.  F.  Taylor,  D.  E.  Cannon.  George  Phillips, 
Justin  Nixon,  H.  H.  Bawden  and  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  E.  E.  Barnhart. 
The  first  deacon  was  B.  F.  Johnson.  With  the  exception  of  sixteen  months, 
Charles  L.  McCollum  has  been  the  superintendent  since  the  school  was  organ- 
ized.    The  present  membership  of  the  church  is  ninety-five. 

The  charter  members  of  this  church  were  as  follows :  Rev.  H.  Ff. 
Bawden  and  wife,  Charles  L.  McCollum,  Clarence  C.  Way,  B.  F.  Johnson, 
Carrie  Johnson,  Wilbur  Johnson,  Elsie  Eaton.  Willa  Maple.  Man'  E.  Hall, 
Martha  Freeman,  Mrs.  Jane  Mitchell,  W.  A.  Wilson,  Mrs.  Esther  Wilson, 
Mrs.  Mabel  Walters,  Mrs.  Nellie  Gibson,  Lester  E.  Mitchell,  Mrs.  Lucinda 
Aiken,  Mrs.  Bertha  Beany,  Mrs.  Anna  Ogle,  Mrs.  Emma  Shriver,  Floyd 
A.  Lower.  George  F.  Hodder.  Augusta  Hodder,  H.  J.  Freas,  H.  J.  Freas,  Jr., 
Mrs.  Jennie  Wiltshire.  Mrs.  Julia  Maple.  Mrs.  Ninnie  Shatto,  Mrs.  Nora 
Gallagher,  Mrs.  Myrtle  Gallagher,  Mrs.  Luetta  Willis,  Mrs.  Laura  Sherrard. 
Paul  J.  Williams.  Mrs.  Sarah  Williams.  Mrs.  Mary  Larrison.  Cora  Clark, 
George  M.  Wilson,  Mrs.  Carrie  Wilson. 


The  Macedonia  Baptist  church,  of  Cambridge,  was  formed  in  1875, 
by  Revs.  Mason  and  James  and  now  enjoys  a  membership  of  sixty-one.  The 
charter  members  are :  Rev.  William  Flowery  and  Missonia  Flowery, 
Henry  Cavender.  Martha  Turner,  Frank  Clark.  Maria  Thomas.  Martha 
Buries,  William  T.  Loggan,  Neb  Isaac,  Eli  Turner,  Hannah  Turner  and 
Lewi-   Lacy. 

GUERNSEV    COUNTY,    OHIO.  1 1  ■; 

The  pastors  who  have  served  here  are:  Revs.  William  Howery,  Moses 
Pickett,  W.  II.  Beasley,  II.  B.  Brown,  —  —  Peevey,  M.  Allen.  P.  P.  Hol- 
land, I..  S.   Holies  and   |.   K.  Green. 

The  Goshen  Baptist  church  records  show  that  in  October,  1822,  seven- 
teen persons  were  organized  into  a  Baptist  church,  by  Elders  William  Reese 
and  W.  K.  McGowan.  Elder  Reese  was  chosen  pastor.  For  two  years 
services  were  held  at  private  houses,  but  in  1824  they  erected  a  church 
building  on  Flat  run.  which  shows  that  this  body  of  "baptized  believers" 
built  the  first  church  in  the  township.  Reverend  Reese  remained  ten  years, 
up  to  1842.  He  received  but  little  pay,  but  kept  on  laboring  among-  the  poor 
and  lowly  of  the  community  in  the  name  of  the  Master.  Elder  McGowan 
was  the  second  pastor.  He  remained  four  years.  Elder  J.  Sperry  came  in 
[836,  remaining  ten  years,  when  Elder  Brown  served  one  year.  In  1848 
Elder  Peter  Ogan  was  called  and  served  until  1852.  He  was  converted  under 
the  preaching  of  the  first  pastor.  Reverend  Reese. 

In  1849  trns  church  sold  its  property  in  this  township,  and  erected  a 
house  of  worship  a  short  distance  west  in  Rich  Hill  township,  Muskingum 
county,  where  they  still  hold  fast  to  the  "faith  once  delivered  to  the  saints.*' 


The  Cumberland  Baptist  church  was  formed  April  5,  1865.  by  the  fol- 
lowing members :  J.  R.  Knowlton,  Sarah  B.  Knowlton,  Edmond  R.  Muzzy, 
Elizabeth  Muzzy.  John  H.  Daniel,  Caroline  F.  Daniel,  Thomas  C.  Downey, 
Lucinda  Muzzy,  Mary  A.  Erskine,  William  B.  McElroy,  Mary  J.  Harper, 
Mary  A.  Muzzy,  Mrs.  Lorinda  Muzzy. 

The  first  pastor  was  Rev.  G.  W.  Churchill  and  at  the  end  of  four  years 
the  membership  had  increased  to  fifty-two.  By  removals  and  deaths  this 
society  went  down,  after  having  performed  a  good  work. 


The  First  Baptist  church  of  Byesville  began  its  history  in  the  summer 
of  1891,  when  Rev.  J.  R.  Campbell,  of  the  old  Cambridge  Baptist  church, 
began  preaching  to  a  few  faithful  Baptists.  After  two  months  the  services 
were  held  in  the  old  school  building,  having  used  the  United  Brethren  church 


for  a  few  months.  The  present  church  was  dedicated  February  22,  1903, 
Rev.  G.  E.  Leonard  officiating  and  raising  the  debt  from  the  society.  Au- 
gust 9th  the  church  separated  itself  from  the  old  Cambridge  church,  freeing 
itself  from  the  relation  of  a  mission  church  and  was  admitted  into  the  Cam- 
bridge Baptist  Association  August  24.  1905.  Rev.  W.  H.  Wilson,  the  first 
pastor,  was  called  to  the  work  December  6,  1903.  In  1907  the  reports  show 
a  membership  of  one  hundred  and  seventy-five.  For  three  or  four  years 
this  young  church  carried  off  the  banner  awarded  to  the  churches  in  Ohio. 
for  strength  and  efficiency  of  systematic  work,  and  two  years  for  Christian 
culture  work.     Its  benevolences  in  1907  Were  five  hundred  and  fifty  dollars. 


ski  kin  sm'ii  riF.s  in-    i  ii  i    tin  xtv. 

The  following-  chapter  treats  upon  the  fraternal  orders  of  Guernsey 
county,  anil  especially  on  the  three  great  societies  known  as  the  Masons,  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 


Among  the  early  settlers  in  Guernsey  county  there  was  a  fraternal 
feeling  that  is  sadly  lacking  in  some  ways  today.  That  this  feeling  might 
he  cultivated  the  more,  as  soon  as  there  were  enough  Masons  in  the  country 
convenient  to  any  one  locality,  they  sought  the  organization  of  a  lodge.  The 
first  meeting  in  Guernsey  county  was  held  for  this  purpose  at  the  house  of 
George  R.  Tingle,  in  Cambridge,  June  22,  1S22,  or  as  Masons  count  datings, 
A.  L.  ^22.  There  were  present,  Zaccheus  Beatty,  Lloyd  Talbott.  Fran- 
cis Dusconchett,  Benjamin  F.  Bill,  Andrew  Metcalf,  James  M.  Bell,  George 
H.  Sinclair  and  William  Taylor,  all  Masons  of  the  Ancient  York  Rite. 
Beatty,  Talbott  and  Bell  \vere  appointed  a  committee  to  establish  a  lodge. 
At  the  second  meeting,  held  at  the  same  place  on  July  1st,  the  committee 
was  authorized  to  borrow  sixty  dollars  on  the  joint  note  of  the  persons  named. 
That  sum,  then  comparatively  large,  was  thought  sufficient  to  pav  the  ex- 
penses of  procuring  a  dispensation  and  ultimately  a  charter.  It  was  then 
agreed  that  it  should  be  called  Guernsey  Lodge,  and  J.  M.  Bell  was  chosen 
for  its  master,  A.  Metcalf  for  senior  warden,  and  B.  F.  Bill  for  junior  war- 
den. The  other  officers  were  appointed.  The  petition  to  the  grand  lodge 
was  signed  by  the  persons  before  named,  and  John  Connelly,  Henry  H. 
Evans,  Thomas  Lenfesty,  John  Barton.  Hans  Weaver  and  John  Dickson. 
The  sixty  dollars  to  procure  the  charter  was  borrowed  from  Thomas  W'itten. 
The  committee  procured  a  large  room  upstairs  in  the  court  house  for  the 
meeting  of  the  lodge,  and  the  north  small  room,  as  stipulated,  "for  such 
purposes  as  they  might  desire." 

Tuesday.  August  20,  1822.  A.  L.  5822.  Guernsey  Lodge  No.  66  was 
opened.  By-laws  were  adopted,  and  the  fee  for  degrees  was  fixed  at  three 
dollars.     Robert  B.  Moore,  of  Frankfort,  Guernsey  countv.  Ohio,  was  the 


first  man  to  be  made  a  Mason  in  this  county;  William  Slinner,  the  second; 
William  Clark,  the  third;  Daniel  D'Yarmett,  the  fourth,  and  Amrah  Day. 
the  fifth.  The  first  meetings  were  held  under  dispensation  issued  by  John 
Snow,  grand  master  of  Ohio,  but  after  the  next  meeting  of  the  grand  lodge 
a  charter  was  received  signed  by  John  Snow,  grand  master,  and  Thomas 
Corwin,  deputy  grand  master.  The  old  officers  were  re-elected,  and  the 
lodge  began  work  February  i,  1823,  by  initiating  William  Findley.  of  Sen- 
ecaville.  A  brick  lodge  room  was  erected  on  North  Seventh  street  and  was 
long  known  as  "the  old  Free-Masons  Lodge." 

Notwithstanding  the  anti-secret  element  that  at  an  early  day.  in  this 
and  many  other  states,  sought  to  thwart  the  plans  of  Masonry,  including  the 
church  and  clergy  of  different  denominations,  the  order,  after  about  ten 
years,  grew  rapidly  and  has  continued  to  grow  and  has  now  become  popular. 
Today  there  are  strong  Masonic  lodges  at  Cambridge,  Quaker  City,  Pleasant 
City  and  Cumberland. 


Cambridge  Lodge  No.  66,  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  was  chartered 
in  1822  and  its  charter  members  Were  as  follows:  John  Entz,  W.  Maynard, 
John  King,  Mathew  Gaston,  I.  Nisswander,  Jeremiah  Jefferson.  D.  K.  Wise, 
Z.  C.  Suitt,  Wyatt  Hutchison,  Zadock  Davis.     These  men  are  all  deceased. 

The  past  masters,  of  this  lodge  have  been  as  follows:  R.  H.  Sedgwick, 
1849;  Jonn  Entz,  1850-51;  John  Mehaffey,  1852;  Mathew  Gaston,  1853-59, 
1861-65-67;  Charles  L.  Madison,  i860;  E.  W.  Mathews,  Sr.,  1862,  1874- 
jz,;  K.  H.  Van  Rensselaer,  1863-64;  Samuel  J.  McMahou,  1866;  William 
McK.  Scott.  1868-70,  1872.  1879-81;  John  Meyer,  1871;  J.  P.  McClelland, 
1873:  J.  K.  Brown,  1876-78:  John  S.  Prouse.  1882-85:  A.  R.  Murray,  1886; 
William  Hoyle,  1887-88;  Louis  Miller,  1889:  Dr.  J.  C.  Warne.  1890;  S.  M. 
Burgess,  1801-92;  J.  L.  Locke,  1893;  W.  T.  Ramsey,  1894;  O.  M.  Hoge, 
[896;  J.  W.  Borton.  1898;  J.  G  Bair,  1899;  J.  F.  Orr,  1900;  W.  S.  Campbell. 
1901;  F.  L  Schick,  1902;  Sumner  Gary.  1903-04;  R.  I.  Shultz.  1905;  L.  R. 
Campbell,  1906;  S.  M.  Hyde,  1907;  Thomas  Davis,  1908;  James  B.  Peters, 

Cambridge  Lodge  No.  66.  in  the  summer  of  1910,  enjoyed  a  member- 
ship of  three  hundred  and  eight,  including  non-resident  members — one  hun- 
dred and  ninety-two  residents.  The  officers  at  this  date  are :  J.  W.  Scott, 
worshipful  master:  C.  A.  Barber,  senior  warden;  J.  A.  Bell,  junior  warden; 
S.  M.   Burgess,  treasurer;   T.  C.   Purkey,  secretary;  L.   S.   Reasoner,  senior 

GUERNSEY    COUN  n  .    OHIO.  1 1 "  I 

deacon  ;  C.    II.  Willis,  junior  deacon:  J.   S.   Nichols,  tylcr ;   F.    I'..   Amos  and 
W.  J.   Hood,  stewards;  Rev.   F.  A.   Brown,  chaplain. 


This  chapter  was  granted  a  charter  in  [853.  The  following  composed 
the  charter  membership:  Kinsey  Maxfield;  Joshua  Hunt.  Isaac  Parish, 
Phineas  Inskip,  F.  11.  Jennings,  Mathew  Gaston,  William  Morrison,  John 
Lawrence.  S.   B.    McMillen,  Thomas  Maxfield. 

The  present  membership  of  this  chapter  is  one  hundred  and  seventy- 
eight.  The  past  high  priests  have  been:  Mathew  Gaston,  1853-60,  [862- 
63;  K.  II.  Van  Rensselear,  1861,  1864-65;  E.  W.  Mathews,  1866,  1869-72; 
1875-78;  John  Meyer.  1867-68,  1873-74.  1879-84:  William  Hoyle,  1885-89; 
J.  M.  Amos,  1890;  S.  M.  Burgess,  [891  :  J.  C.  Warne,  1892;  J.  L.  Locke. 
1893;  O.  M.  HoSe.  1894;  J.  G.  Bair,  1895;  J.  W.  Borton,  1896;  W.  T.  Lam 
sey,  1897;  F.  L.  Rosemond,  1898:  A.  B.  Hall,  1899;  J.  A.  Weyer.  1900;  Louis 
Miller.  1901-02-03;  S.  M.  Hyde,  1904;  A.  F.  Ritter,  1905;  Charles  S.  Turn- 
baugh,  1906;  Maurice  R.  Potter,  1907:  Robert  Harris,  1908;  Robert  Shaw. 


Guernsey  Council  No.  74.  Royal  and  Select  Masters,  was  granted  a 
charter  in  1891  and  the  charter  memhers  were:  John  M.  Amos.  J.  G.  Bair, 
W.  S.  Campbell,  J.  L.  Locke.  Roger  Kirkpatrick.  S.  M.  Burgess,  O.  M.  Hoge. 
J.  C.  Warne,  R.  D.  Williams. 

The  council  now  has  a  membership  of  about  one  hundred  and  fifteen. 
The  past  thrice  illustrious  masters  of  this  council  have  been:  J.  M.  Amos. 
1S01-92;  A.  L.  Neeremer.  1893;  Roger  Kirkpatrick.  1894;  Otto  Thalheimer. 
[895;  S.  M.  Burgess,  1896:  O.  M.  Hoge.  1897;  W.  T.  Ramsey.  [898;  J.  W. 
Borton,  [899,  1904-05  ;  J.  (',.  Bair.  1900;  John  L.  Locke.  1901  ;  W.  S.  Camp- 
hell.  [902-03;  J.  M.  Wood,  [906;  S.  M.  Hyde.  [907;  D.  L.  Rankin.  1908; 
J.  \\*.  Scott.  1909. 


Cambridge  Commandery  was  granted  a  charter  in  1888.  Its  charter 
members  were  as  follows:  W.  S.  Campbell.  S.  A.  Lafferty,  J.  C.  Webb, 
R.  W.  Zahniser,  C  S.  Carr,  Thomas  Padden,  William  Ouinn.  A.  C.  Cochran, 
Thomas  Greenland,  A.  J.  Hutchinson,  S.  F.  Storer,  George  W.  Miskimin. 
M.  R.  Patterson.  W.  G.  Van  Buskirk. 


This  commandery  now  has  a  resident  and  non-resident  membership  of 
one  hundred  and  eighty.  Its  eminent  commanders  have  been  as  follows: 
A.  C.  Cochran,  1888;  William  Quinn,  1889;  W.  S.  Campbell,  1890;  J.  C. 
Webb.  1891";  J.  S.  Prouse,  1892:  John  L.  Locke.  1893;  S.  M.  Burgess,  1894; 
(  ).  M.  Hoge.  1895;  Otto  Thalheimer.  1896;  A.  F.  Ritter,  1897;  A.  B.  Hall, 
[898;  J.  W.  Borton,  1899;  Wr.  T.  Ramsey.  1900:  C.  S.  Turnbaugh,  1901- 
2-3-4;  J.  O.  Couplin,  1905;  S.  M.  Hyde,  1906;  M.  R.  Potter,  1907;  J.  M. 
Wood,  1908;  D.  L.  Rankin,  1909. 


Cambridge  Council  of  Princes  of  Jerusalem,  Ancient  Accepted  Scot- 
tish Rite  Masons  (sixteenth  degree),  was  chartered  May  14,  1857.  The 
first  members  were :  C.  L.  Madison.  A.  J.  Hutchison,  Mathew  Gaston,  J.  H. 
Eaton.  E.  W.  Mathews,  K.  H.  Van  Rensselaer. 

Cambridge  Grand  Chapter,  Ancient  Accepted  Scottish  Rite  Masons 
(eighteenth  degree),  received  its  charter  September  10,  1880.  Its  charter 
members  were:  W.  A.  Campbell.  A.  J.  Hutchison,  John  Meyer,  William 
M.  Scott,  A.  C.  Cochran.  C.  L.  Madison,  Asher  Williams,  K.  H.  Van  Rens- 
selaer, E.  R.  Van  Rensselaer. 

The  total  membership  of  this  order  is  eighty -nine. 


There  are  now  twenty-two  members  of  the  Masonic  fraternity  who 
belong  to  the  Ancient  Arabic  Order  of  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  holding 
membership  at  either  one  or  the  other  of  these  cities.  Wheeling.  Columbus, 
Cleveland  or  Erie,  Pennsylvania. 


The  charter  was  granted  to  this  chapter  in  1905  and  it  now  has  a  member- 
ship of  seventy-two.  The  past  worthy  matrons  have  been  Mrs.  Julia  B.  Haw- 
thorne, Mrs.  Dora  I.  Hartley,  Mrs.  Ida  Carlisle.  Mrs.  Adrianna  Barr.  Past 
worthy  patrons :    J.  G.  Stewart.  C.  R.  Potter,  J.  W.  Scott.  R.  C.  Shaw. 


Cumberland  Lodge  No.  134.  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  was  chartered 
in   1846.     The  charter  members  were:  I.  Y.  Hopkins.  William   Stevens,  J. 


Lyman  Kurd,  Peter  K.  McLaughlin,  L.  T.  Ballou,  Wilson  Cosgrove,  Wil- 
liam Dolman. 

The  lodge  now  has  a  membership  of  ninety-seven.  The  present  (1910) 
officers  are:  W.  S.  Kingston,  worshipful  master;  II.  T.  St.  Clair,  senior 
warden:  C.  S.  runner,  junior  warden;  J.  M.  Hunter,  secretary;  W.  X.  Petty, 
treasurer;  G.  E.  Bell,  senior  deacon;  R.  W.  Watson,  junior  deacon;  E.  F. 
( ireen,  tyler. 


This  lodge  was  granted  a  charter  October  17.  1866,  and  is  now  located 
at  Pleasant  City  and  enjoys  a  membership  (including  non-residents)  of 
one  hundred  and  twenty-one.  Its  past  masters  are  as  follows:  Elihab 
Metheny,  1866-67;  Ephraim  Metheny,  1868;  Jacob  Secrest,  1869-7 1-2-3-4- 
5-0-7.  [880-1-2;  A.  J.  Heinlein,  1870:  J.  R.  Kackley,  1878-79;  W.  J.  Adair, 
1883-4-5-6-7-8-9,  1892-3-4,  1900-2-4;  J.  W.  Wilson.  1890-1;  S.  A.  Bird, 
1895-6-7-8-9;  G.  F.  Trott,  1901;  W.  B.  Secrest.  1903-6-7;  G.  N.  Stewart, 
1905 ;  W.  F.  Trott.  1908. 

The  officers  for  1910  are:  George  Gillespie,  worshipful  master:  C.  J. 
Fackiner,  senior  warden;  J.  T.  Flanagan,  junior  warden;  H.  W.  Spaid, 
secretary;  John  Bauer,  treasurer:  J.  W.  Wilson,  senior  deacon;  Charles  Cor- 
bin,  junior  deacon;  J.  J.  A.  Secrest,  tyler. 


Quaker  City  Lodge  was  chartered  in  1875  and  its  charter  members  were 
these:  T.  D.  Petty.  J.  A.  McEwen,  P.  Lochary,  S.  P.  Rogers.  Alexander 
Cochran.  S.  C.  Gephart.  C.  T.  Gibson.  John  B.  Lydick,  I.  T.  Rigel.  John 
Webster.  G.  H.  Brown. 

'I"he  officers  for  1910  are  as  follows:  Fred  J.  Hall,  worshipful  master; 
W.  II.  Tope,  senior  warden;  W.  P.  Johnson,  junior  warden;  Enoch  Perego, 
treasurer;  T.  P.  Steele,  secretary;  Carl  Deal,  senior  deacon;  Ross  D.  Bundy, 
junior  deacon;  W.  W.  Dowdell.  tyler. 

The  present  membership  of  this  lodge  is  one  hundred  and  six. 


The  charter  was  granted  to  the  Eastern  Star  chapter  at  Byesville,  Ohio, 
in    1905   and   the    following  constitutes   its  list   of  past   worthy  matrons   and 


past    worthy   patrons :    Worthy   matrons,    Mrs.    Martha    Porter.    Mrs.    Lulu 
Patton,  Mrs.  Mary  Tuck,  Rilla  M.  Gage,  Jennie  Barnes.     Past  worthy  pa- 
trons. E.  D.  Trott,  Harry  C.  Porter,  J.  A.  Hoopman. 
The  total  membership  is  now  forty-one. 


Cumberland  Chapter  Xo.  no  was  chartered  October  19,  1899.  It  now 
has  a  membership  of  sixty-four.  Its  past  worthy  matrons  have  been  Laura 
McClelland,  Mary  McCortle,  Lida  McClelland,  Margaret  Waller,  Louella 
M.  St.  Clair,  and  the  past  worthy  patrons  have  been  Henry  F.  St.  Clair, 
Albert  White,  W.  G.  Nichols. 


Quaker  City  Chapter  No.  177  was  chartered  in  recent  years  and  now 
has  a  membership  of  fifty-six. 


Pleasant  City  Chapter  No.  227  was  chartered  in  1890  and  now  has  a 
membership  of  thirty-nine.  The  past  worthy  matrons  are  Minnie  Secrest, 
Lizzie  Trott,  Ida  Secrest.  Past  worthy  patrons  are  W.  F.  Trott  and  Jonas 


The  Masonic  Temple  at  Cambridge,  this  county,  had  its  corner  stone 
dedicated,  when  laid,  July  4,  1905.  It  is  an  imposing  brick  structure,  cost- 
ing, exclusive  of  grounds,  twenty-three  thousand  dollars.  Its  location  is 
at  No.  726  Wheeling  avenue,  where  social  rooms  are  kept  open  for  visiting 


It  may  be  of  interest  to  those  who  are  not  connected  with  this  ancient 
and  honorable  fraternity  to  know  of  its  calendar  and  dates.  Ancient-craft 
Masons  commence  their  era  with  the  creation  of  the  world,  calling  it  Anno 
Lncis,    "in   the   year  of  light." 

The  Scottish  Rite  calculates  same  as  the  Ancient-craft,  except  that  they 
call  it  Anno  Mundi.  "in  the  year  of  the  world." 


Royal  Arch  Masons  date  Erom  the  year  the  second  temple  was  com- 
menced by  Zerubbabel,  Anno  [nventionis,  "in  the  year  of  the  discovery." 

Royal  and  Select  Masons  date  from  the  year  in  which  the  temple  of 
Solomon  was  completed.  Anno  Depositions,  "in  the  year  of  the  deposit." 

Knights  Templar  commence  their  era  with  the  organization  of  their 
order.   Anno  Ordinis,  "in  the  year  of  the  order." 

The  Order  of  High  Priesthood  dates  from  the  year  id"  the  blessing  of 
Abraham  by  the  Highpriest  Melchizedek,  Anno  Benefacio,  "in  the  year 
of  the  blessing." 


Cambridge   Lodge   No.   301.   Independent  Order  of  Odd   Fellows,  was 

organized  or  regularly  instituted.  Thursday,  May  15.  [856,  by  special  Dep- 
uty Grand  Master  Alexander  E.  Glenn  in  their  lodge  room,  located  in  the 
east  half  of  the  second  story  of  the  Wells  block,  owned  by  Samuel  Wells, 
and  situated  on  the  site  now  occupied  by  the  Carnes  block,  on  the  southeast 
corner  of  Wheeling  avenue  and  Seventh  street.  The  charter  members  were 
R.  F.  Burt.  Washington  Maynard,  R.  1'..  Graham,  B.  S.  Herring  and  William 
McKemion.  The  first  officers  installed  were:  Washington  Maynard,  noble 
grand;  R.  F.  Bnrt,  vice-grand;  Richard  B.  Graham,  secretary;  Benjamin 
S.  Herring,  treasurer. 

The  lodge  had  a  membership  of  one  hundred  and  ninety-eight  in  1905 
and  now  has  ahout  two  hundred  and  ten  members.  It  meets  in  its  own  mag- 
nificent hall  on  Wheeling  avenue,  which  building  was  erected  in  1896-97  and 
is  known  as  the  Temple.  It  is  a  handsome  structure  with  stone  trimmings 
and  is  fifty  by  one  hundred  feet  in  size.  In  this  building  the  postoffice  is 
kepi  at  present  under  lease.  The  building  and  site  cost  twenty  thousand  dol- 
lars and  its  furnishings  are  the  best  in  Ohio.  The  present  officers  are:  No- 
ble grand,  Clarence  Murphy;  vice-grand.  J.  W.  Berry;  recording  secretary, 
L.  R.  Campbell;  financial  secretary.  W.  R.  Sprague ;  treasurer,  C.  W.  Forney; 
trustees.  W.  B.  Green.  H.  W.  Luccock  and  M.  Fordyce. 


Cambridge  Encampment  No.  150  was  instituted  June  3.  1872.  It  had 
a  membership  of  ninety-seven  in  1907  and  is  in  a  prosperous  condition  to- 
day, fits  present  (  1910)  officers  are:  Chief  patriarch,  Fred  A.  Linn:  senior 
warden.  S.  F.  Porter;  junior  warden.  Harry  Maffet;  high  priest,  H.  A. 
Hammond :  scribe.  W.  R.  Sprague ;  treasurer,  T.  \Y.  Ogier. 


The  other  encampment  in  Guernsey  county  is  located  at  Pleasant  City. 
It  was  instituted  November  15.  1892,  and  in  1907  had  sixty-six  members.  It 
is  known  as  Foster  Encampment  No.  270. 

The  subordinate  lodge  at  Pleasant  City,  known  as  Dyson  Lodge,  was 
instituted  in  1894  and  bears  the  state  number  of  816.  It  now  has  a  member- 
ship of  two  hundred  and  meets  in  a  leased  Hall. 


Anderson  Lodge  No.  366,  at  Quaker  City,  was  instituted  June  13.  1861, 
and  in  1907  had  a  membership  of  one  hundred  and  forty-five. 

Cumberland  Lodge  No.  200,  of  the  Odd  Fellows  order,  was  instituted 
June  2.  1852,  with  charter  members  as  follows:  B.  Thomas,  R.  B.  Graham. 
Joseph  Gamble,  M.  B.  Casey.  S.  Rae  and  S.  Agnew.  The  lodge  meets  in 
its  own  hall.  Its  original  officers  were:  B.  Thomas,  noble  grand;  M.  B. 
Casey,  vice-grand;  R.  B.  Graham,  secretary:  S.  Rea,  treasurer.  The  1910 
officers  are:  Noble  grand,  E.  J.  West ;  vice-grand,  S.  V.  Spinner;  recording- 
secretary,  S.  F.  Moorhead ;  financial  secretary.  George  H.  David ;  treasurer, 
J.  M.  Bracken. 

Senecaville  Lodge  No.  663  was  instituted  June  11,  1877,  and  in  1907 
had  a  membership  of  ninety-two  and  is  now  in  good  condition. 

Byesville  Lodge  No.  765  was  instituted  .August  21,  1888,  and  in  1907 
hid  a  membership  of  one  hundred  and  fifty-five. 

Lore  City  Lodge  No.  878  was  instituted  July  29,  1904.  and  in  1907 
enjoyed   a  membership  of   sixty. 

Lodges  of  the  Daughters  of  Rebekah  are  maintained  at  Pleasant  City. 
Cumberland.  Lore  City.  Cambridge.  Byesville.  Quaker  City. 


This  modern  organization  has  made  rapid  strides  in  this  county  and  now 
Ins  lodges  at  various  points  as  will  be  seen  below. 

Cambridge  Lodge  No.  53  was  organized  May  2j,  1873.  by  these  gen- 
tlemen  :  G.  L.  Arnold.  T.  C.  Marsh,  C.  F.  Hunter!  W.  H.  H.  Mcllyar,  John 
N.  Trotte,  R.  E.  Brown,  John  N.  Fordyce,  C.  C.  Mclllyar,  George  A.  Houk. 
C.  J.  Bonnell,  D.  P.  Wooten,  C.  P.  Simons,  John  M.  Ogier,  J.  P.  Mahaffy. 
I).  A.  Criswell  and  others.  These  charter  members  are  now  all  deceased, 
except  J.  P.  Mahaffy. 

The  lodge  now  has  a  membership  of  one  hundred  and  fifty-six.     The 


present  officers  are:  Chancellor,  William  Bramhall;  prelate,  Fred  L.  Sears; 
master  of  work,  Charles  S.  Rainey;  keeper  of  records  and  seal,  Fred  W. 
Arnold:  master  of  finance,  Charles  Y.  Graham;  master  of  exchequer,  Theo- 
dore Doselm :  master  at  arms,  Frank  S.  Dollison;  inner  guard,  J.  O,  Dun- 
iver;  outer  guard,  William  C.  Duff. 

The  lodge  meets  each  Tuesday  evening  at  the  corner  of  Wheeling  ave- 
nue and  South  Seventh  street,  in  I.  B.  Colley's  business  block,  where,  on  the 
third  Hour,  they  have  a  well  equipped  hall  and  lodge  rooms. 

At  one  time  the  Uniform  Rank  degree  was  represented  here  by  aboul 
sixty-five  members,  but  of  late  it  has  not  been  active. 

Lodge  No.  595,  at  Pleasant  City,  was  formed  in  September,  [892,  and 
now   has  a  membership  of  about  two  hundred. 

Golden  Rod  Temple  No.  [28,  Rathbone  Sisters,  was  instituted  on  Sep- 
tember  <>.  1898.  The  charter  members  were  as  follows:  John  Allison.  J.  II. 
Buckingham,  A.  O.  Duffey,  Alice  Duffey,  Will  Bramhall,  Ed  Cale,  Charles 
Duffey,  \ddie  Duffey,  E.  S.  Gallup,  James  Jones,  Will  Reiser,  Arthur  Linn, 
Thomas  Pritchard,  Frank  Scott.  E.  J.  Secrest,  Hannah  Allison,  Anna  Alli- 
son Scott.  Mrs.  J.  II.  Buckingham,  Mrs.  Ed  Cale,  Cora  Cornelius,  Sadie 
Duffey  Boyd.  Mrs.  R.  II.  Dilley,  Sadie  Finley,  Emma  Greenwald,  Mrs.  A.  J. 
Hall,  Mrs.  J.  Jones.  Anna  Linn,  Maggie  Linn,  Ollie  McElroy,  June  Nichol- 
son, l.etitia  Pritchard,  Mary  E.  Linn,  Lanra  Stewart  Austin,  Mary  Secrest, 
Grace  Sills,  Elizabeth  Thurlo,  E.  E.  Coburn,  Harry  Claggett,  W.  S.  Campbell. 
R.  II.  Dilley,  Linas  Finley,  A.  J.  Hall,  James  Lawrence,  Charles  Nicholson 
W.  G.  Scott,  S.  C.  Scott.  J.  C.  Scott.  A.  O.  Sills,  C.  H.  Tingle.  M.  Thorla, 
and  George  Warner. 

The  officers  at  the  time  of  its  institution  were  as  follows:  Past  chief, 
Hannah  Allison:  most  excellent  chief,  Cora  Cornelius:  excellent  senior,  Alice 
Duffey;  excellent  junior,  June  Nicholson;  manager,  Lutitia  Pritchard:  mis- 
tress of  records  and  correspondence,  Anna  Linn:  mistress  of  finance,  Laura 
Austin:  protector,  Lizzie  Hall;  outer  guard,  Sadie  Boyd. 

The  present  officers  of  Golden  Rod  Temple  are  as  follows:  Past  chief. 
Clara  Clagett ;  -most  excellent  chief,  Mamie  Greenwald:  excellent  senior, 
Essie  Curby;  excellent  junior,  Beulah  Nichols;  manager.  Laura  Jackson: 
mistress  of  records  and  correspondence,  Clara  Linn:  mistress  of  finance. 
Delia  Geary;  protector,  Sadie  Finley;  outer  guard.  Anna  Smith:  pianist, 
Grace  Sills;  assistant  pianist.  Janey  Remer. 


Number  of  members  at  present:  Knights,  ninety-one;  Sisters,  seventy- 
two  ;  total,  one  hundred  and  sixty-three. 


Quaker  City  Lodge  No.  310,  Knights  of  Pythias,  was  instituted  October 
19,  1888,  with  the  following,  members:  C.  E.  Likes,  R.  H.  Dilley,  F.  V. 
Loventy.  J.  W.  Hill,  George  Boyd,  Albert  Addison,  T.  H.  Johnson,  A.  W. 
Smoots,  Alva  B.  Hall,  W.  W.  Dowdell,  F.  H.  Wendell,  G.  S.  Hastings,  John 
H.  Kelsey,  R.  R.  Faulkner,  J.  H.  Dollison,  G.  C.  Dotson,  Harry  Wright, 
Charles  L.  Johnson.  Robert  Boyd,  Dent  L.  Lydick,  Elmer  E.  Gibson,  Wal- 
ter C.  Atkinson,  Emmett  Keenan,  George  W.  Galligher. 

The  original  officers  were:  A.  B.  Hall,  chancellor  commander;  D.  L. 
Lydick,  past  chancellor ;  R.  H.  Dilley,  vice-chancellor ;  J.  W.  Hill,  prelate ; 
R.  R.  Faulkner,  master  of  exchequer;  I.  H.  Kelsey,  Robert  Boyd,  keepers 
of  records  and  seal. 

The  lodge  has  a  membership  of  forty-nine.  They  meet  in  their  own  hall, 
formerly  the  property  of  the  Masons. 

The  present  officers  are  as  follows :  William  Wilcox,  past  chancellor ; 
J.  L.  Geary,  chancellor  commander;  C.  E.  Floyd,  vice-chancellor;  George 
Boyd,  prelate :  J.  W.  Hill,  master  of  work;  C.  A.  Bowles,  keeper  of  records 
and  seal ;  W.  L.  Nace,  master  of  finance;  M.  E.  Hartley,  master  of  exchequer; 
William  Wilcox,  master  at  arms. 

SENECA   LODGE   NO.    */2J. 

Seneca  Lodge  No.  yij.  Knights  of  Pythias,  at  Senecaville,  Ohio,  was 
instituted  June  25,  1902,  by  Pleasant  City  Lodge.  The  first  members  included 
these,  with  officers:  C.  W.  Steele,  chancellor  commander;  A.  W.  Watson, 
vice-chancellor ;  J.  T.  Day,  N.  Lapage,  J.  W.  Steele  and  C.  A.  Lapage.  The 
present  officers  are  :  C.  W.  Moorehead,  chancellor  commander;  F.  W.  Secrest, 
vice-chancellor.  The  present  membership  of  this  lodge  is  forty-five.  They 
meet  in  Odd  Fellows  hall.    The  keeper  of  records  and  seal  is  J.  W.  Daniel. 

There  is  also  a  lodge  at  Byesville. 


Cambridge  Lodge  No.  448,  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 
was  instituted  August  3,  1898,  with  thirty-seven  charter  members,  as  follows: 


(  ).  M.  1  lover.  James  Joyce.  C.  B.  Mcllyar,  Charles  T.  Osier.  A.  \Y.  Brown, 
J.  W.  Burney,  E.  M.  Hyatt.  A.  M.  Sarchet.  Otto  Tholheumer,  F.  C.  Rankin, 
T.  A.  Bortwick.  James  A.  Barr,  YY.  N.  Bradford.  Charles  L.  Casey.  E.  M. 
Treat,  Fred  P.  Mcllyar,  Theodore  Myers,  \V.  M.  Sherrard,  L.  E.  Carlisle.. 
A.  Wentwood,  J.  P.  Mahaffy,  John  1'.  Ryan.  J.  C.  Robbins,  W.  P.  Devore, 
A.  T.  Jones.  Charles  A.  Rech,  A.  P..  Clark.  Fred  K.  Potter,  J.  F.  Morton, 
C.  F.  Hanime.  Frank  S.  Casey.  Alva  I'..  Hall,  John  F.  Stockdale,  R.  W. 
Eahmier,  Alike  Cosgrove,  T.  W.  Scott,  W.  P.  Guild. 

The  first  secretary  was  J.  P.  Mahaffy,  who  is  still  serving;  the  first 
treasurer  was  F.  C.  Rankin. 

This  order  meets  in  the  Reck  building,  on  Wheeling  avenue.  Twelve 
of  the  Flks  have  died  since  the  fraternity  was  first  formed  in  Cambridge. 

The  present  membership  is  over  two  hundred.  The  present  (iqio)  offi- 
cers are:  H.  C.  Shuyer.  exalted  ruler;  S.  J.  McCulley.  leading  knight;  Carl 
M.  Asher,  loyal  knight;  T.  W.  Ogier,  lecturing  knight;  J.  P.  Mahaffey,  sec- 
retary: A.  M.  Sarchet.  treasurer:  Esquire  C.  H.  Gibson,  tiler;  R.  H.  Dilley, 
chaplain;  F.  C.  Rankin,  innner  guard;  David  Lucas,  organist. 




Agriculture  lias  in  all  ages  been  considered  one  of  the  most  useful  and 
honorable  callings  permitted  to  be  followed  by  the  sons  of  men.  Indeed,  all 
animal  life,  including  the  human  race,  must  needs  subsist  on  the  products  of 
the  soil,  in  one  way  or  another.  Then  be  it  remembered,  that  "whoever 
causes  two  blades  of  grass  to  grow  where  one  grew  before  is  a  benefactor 
to  mankind."  Some  sections  of  the  country  are  more  suited  to  the  tilling  of 
the  soil  than  others,  but  that  man  must  ever  draw  from  the  earth  that  upon 
which  he  exists  is  well  understood.  Some  countries  are  blessed  with  a  deep, 
rich  soil,  while  many  other  portions  are  obliged  to  cultivate  a  soil  more 
barren  and  less  fruitful.  But  on  the  other  hand,  some  countries  have  no 
other  resource  to  subsist  on.  while  others,  like  Guernsey  county,  strike  in 
a  happy  medium — a  country  where  the  soil  produces  most  all  the  common 
crops  that  are  needed  for  man's  food,  and  at  the  same  time  it  possesses  a 
wealth  of  minerals  in  way  of  its  vast  coal  fields,  which  yield  a  large  return 
to  their  fortunate  owners.  Guernsey,  then,  is  well  situated,  having  soil  that 
produces  beautiful  pastures,  prolific  fields  of  grain,  fruits  in  abundance  and, 
at  the  same  time,  has  her  coal,  clays  and  stone  in  almost  endless  quantities. 
The  once  heavily  timbered  portions  of  this  county  have  now  been  converted 
into  well  tilled  fields  that  yield  forth  their  bounties  annually  to  the  thrifty 
husbandman.  The  early  pioneers  settled  here  on  account  of  the  soil  and 
timber,  for  most  of  the  pioneers  were  intending  to  cultivate  the  soil  and 
raise  stock,  and  in  this  selection  they  were  indeed  wise.  But  they  knew  not  of 
the  wealth  stored  away  by  the  hand  of  the  Creator  in  the  bowels  of  the 
earth — the  rich  coal  deposits  which  now  make  manufacturing  the  chief  in- 

The  first  settlers,  it  is  true,  had  hardships  not  experienced  by  those  who 
settled  on  the  great  domain  of  western  prairie  lands,  in  the  way  of  clearing 
up  a  farm  from  out  the  dense  forests  found  here  in  Guernsey  county.  But 
these  sturdy  men  were  equal  to  the  task,  as  the  appearance  of  the  country 
now  shows.  After  a  few  decades,  the  farmers  here  saw  it  to  their  advantage 
to  seed  down  land,  to  raise  more  stock,  including  sheep,  in  which  the  county 

i.i   ERNSE^     <  OUNTYj    OHIO.  179 

is  third  in  Ohio,  and  has  been  many  years.  Then  the  growing  of  fruits 
has  come  to  be  of  great  profit.  While  it  is  not  a  first-class  corn-producing 
section,  yet  the  annual  crop  of  this  cereal  amounts  to  a  considerable  sum. 
When  compared  to  much  of  New  England,  this  soil  is  indeed  fertile,  but  when 
measured  by  the  alluvial  soils  of  some  parts  of  Ohio  and  the  Mississippi 
\alle\  of  the  wonderful  productive  West,  it  is  short.  Guernsey  county  may 
be  said  to  prosper  by  reason  of  its  three  leading  features — agriculture,  stock 
raising  and  mining,  including,  of  course,  its  manufacturing  enterprises  grow- 
ing out  of  the  cheap  fuel  found  here. 

Of  the  one  branch  of  farming  and  stock  raising,  that  of  sheep,  the 
following  is  extracted  from  the  reports  away  back  in  1876: 

The  report  of  the  state  showed  the  following  concerning  the  sheep  and 
wool  industry  in  this  and  other  counties.  Guernsey  being  one  of  the  large 
sheep  raising  counties  in  the  state.  The  large  sheep  counties  are  here  named: 
Licking  county.  214.000;  Harrison  county,  170,000;  Guernsey  county.  136,- 
000:  Knox  county,  134,000;  Belmont  county,  128,000;  Muskingum  county, 
127,000;  Coshocton  county,  102,000.  This  gives  Guernsey  the  third  place 
in  rank  of  sheep  counties  in  Ohio,  as  far  back  as  the  year  1876,  thirty-four 
years  ago. 

In  1885  there  were  under  cultivation  in  this  county  67,000  acres;  in 
pasture  lands,  133,700;  in  woodland,  48,400;  in  waste  lands,  1,134;  in  wheat 
there  was  grown  68,318  bushels;  oats,  206,490  bushels;  corn,  671,961  bush- 
els; tobacco,  231,000  pounds;  wool,  686,000  pounds;  gallons  of  sorghum. 
32,000;  number  of  sheep  owned,  162,460;  tons  of  coal  mined,  433,800;  the 
school  census  showed  for  1886,  9,690  of  school  age,  and  number  of  teachers 
employed,   180. 

The  following  appeared  in  the  Jeffcrsoniaii  in  July,  1907,  as  touching 
the  subject  now  being  written  about: 

"Guernsey  county  has  always  been  famed  for  the  great  variety  of  her 
products,  as  "well  as  the  quantity  of  them,  considering  that  it  is  more  of  a 
manufacturing  than  an  agricultural  community.  That  the  farmers  are  still 
maintaining  the  reputation  of  the  county  may  be  gathered  from  the  following 
figures : 

"While  not  as  great  a  wheat  country  since  the  development  of  the  West 
as  it  once  was.  there  were  planted  in  wheat,  in  1906,  11.929  acres  and  180.- 
838  bushels  produced.  And  there  will  be  planted  in  1907.  11,068  acres.  Of 
rye,  135  acres  were  planted  in  1006,  and  1,651  bushels  produced.  Twenty- 
six  acres  in  buckwheat  produced  303  bushels,  and  6,311  acres  in  oats  yield- 
ing 146.758  bushels;  155  bushels  of  barley  were  reaped  from  41   acres  and 


662,665  bushels  of  corn  from  16,125  acres;  614  acres  produced  62,970  bush- 
els of  potatoes;  348,840  acres  of  meadow  land  yielded  34,560  tons  of  hay, 
and  forty-three  acres  yielded  545  tons  of  clover  hay. 

"In  the  eastern  townships  179  acres  planted  in  tobacco  produced  219,965 
pounds  of  the  weed;  168,193  gallons  of  milk  were  sold  during  1906  for 
family  use.  Home  dairies  produced  480,487  pounds  of  butter,  and  factories 
16,650  pounds. 

"That  the  hens  have  done  their  full  duty  in  1906  may  be  seen  by  the  fact 
that  596,066  dozen  eggs  were  sold;  196,616  bushels  of  apples  and  757  bushels 
of  pears  were  produced. 

"In  1906  there  were  30,465  acres  of  woodland,  132,877  acres  used  as 
pasture,  74.772,  acres  under  cultivation,  and  2,715  lying  waste." 

"In  the  eighties,  there  were  25,000  sheep  kept  in  Valley  township,  alone. 
The  wool  industry  has  fallen  off  wonderfully  since,  however,  for  it  is  said 
that  in  19 10  there  are  not  over  fifteen  hundred  in  the  same  township. 

"In  many  parts  of  the  southern  portion  of  Guernsey  county,  in  the  days 
after  the  Civil  war,  there  was  a  large  tonnage  of  tobacco  raised,  but  as  it 
proved  hard  on  the  soil  and  was  less  profitable,  it  was  almost  entirely  aban- 
doned, save  in  a  few  localities,  where  some  is  still  produced  for  home  con- 
sumption as  smoking  tobacco.  It  was  once  a  great  source  of  revenue  to  the 


From  the  Times  of  June,  1854,  the  following  is  taken: 

"Alexander  Sproat,  one  of  the  good  farmers  of  Wills  township,  sent 

us  the  following  weights  of  fleeces  of  wool  shorn  from  some  of  his  sheep 

on  the  29th  ultimate :  From  a  French  Merino  buck,  ten  and  one-half  pounds ; 

from  a  Long  Wooled  half  Saxony  sheep,  twelve  pounds ;   from  a  Spanish 

buck,  seven  and  one-half  pounds;  from  a  yearling  Merino  buck,  nine  pounds 

and  six  ounces. 

"Now,   if  there   are   any   heavier  fleeces   than   these   in   Guernsey,    we 

should  be  pleased  to  know  it.  Wool  growers,  let  us  hear  from  you.     Beat 

our  friend  Sproat,  if  you  can." 


On  the  subject  of  agricultural  societies,  the  author  wrote  in  the  Jeffer- 
sonian  in  June,  1895,  the  following  on  the  first  county  fair  here : 

The  Guernsey  County  Agricultural  Society  was  formed  in  1846,  with 


Matthew  Gaston,  president:  C.  J.  Albright,  secretary,  and  Moses  Sarchet, 
treasurer.  After  its  formation,  it  became  a  rule  of  the  society  to  hold  the 
fairs  alternately  at  Cambridge  and  Washington.  The  officers  of  the  fair, 
elected  for  the  year,  on  the  last  day  of  the  fair,  were  selected  from  the  place 
of  holding  the  next  fair.  This  alternating  soon  began  to  work  a  wrangle. 
It  was  charged  by  the  west  side  of  the  county  that  the  east  end  did  not  give 
Cambridge  fairs  a  hearty  support.  It  should  he  remembered  that  Washing- 
ton was  then  a  greater  husiness  place  than  Cambridge.  Whether  the  charge 
of  unfairness  was  true  or  false,  there  was  kept  up  a  contention  that  had  an 
effect  on  the  fairs,  and  as  the  old  county-seat  question,  handed  down  from 
the  origin  of  the  county,  was  not  yet  finally  settled,  the  wrangle  went  on. 
and  it  was  Cambridge  against  Washington,  and  Washington  against  Cam- 

The  feeling  was  further  augmented  at  the  fair  of  [853.  A  premium  had 
been  offered  for  the  best  lady  horseback  rider;  first  premium,  a  gold  watch, 
thirty  dollars;  second,  watch,  twenty  dollars;  third,  breastpin,  ten  dollars. 
There  were  eight  contestants:  Miss  Nancy  Dunn  and  Miss  R.  Dunn, 'of 
the  east,  near  Washington;  and  Miss  Melinda  Cowen,  Miss  Sarah  J.  Mason, 
and  others,  of  the  west,  near  Cambridge.  The  committee  awarded  first 
premium  to  Nancy  Dunn,  second  to  Melinda  Cowen,  third  to  Miss  R.  Dunn. 
This  was  not  satisfactory  to  the  west-end  people,  who  claimed  that  Miss 
Mason  should  have  been  awarded  first  premium,  and  they  at  once  raised 
a  purse  of  thirty-five  dollars  to  buy  her  a  watch.  This  added  fuel  to  the 
flame.  The  next  fair  alternated,  but  at  the  close  of  the  fair  of  1856,  held 
in  Cambridge,  west-end  officers  were  elected,  and  the  breach  was  complete, 
and  the  fairs  ordered  thereafter  held  in  Cambridge.  The  officers  were  Noah 
Hyatt,  president ;  the  writer,  secretary,  and  Stephen  Potts,  treasurer.  As 
a  result  of  the  split,  an  independent  society  was  organized  at  Washington. 
Cambridge  -felt  able  to  go  it  alone,  having  control  of  the  county  society  and 
its  funds.  In  1858  both  fairs  were  located  on  the  same  days;  there  was 
much  rivalry,  advertising  of  races,  balloon  ascensions,  and  like  attractions. 
The  Cambridge  balloon  was  a  failure.  The  show  at  the  fair  was  good,  and 
the  beginning  of  the  new  enterprise  was  a  partial  success.  Cambridge,  now 
having  the  Central  Ohio  railroad,  was  in  much  better  shape  to  contend  against 
Washington,  still  a  formidable  rival,  having  the  Guernsey  Branch  Bank 
and  other  large  capitalists  engaged  in  the  business  of  the  town,  and  yet  hoped 
for  the  completion  of  the  Calico  railroad. 

The  political  strife  just  before  the  war  of  1861.  another  four  years 
of   war.    resulted   disastrously    to    fairs,    and    Cambridge's   association   went 


out  at  a  loss  to  stockholders.  The  grounds  were  sold,  and  laid  out  as  the 
Mathews  addition.  Every  attempt  to  keep  up  fairs  and  fair  grounds  at 
Cambridge  had  been  failures,  though  the  village  was  advancing  steadily 
to  the  present  city  of  the  second  class,  fourth  grade.  On  the  other  hand, 
Washington  has  kept  up  a  fair  year  after  year,  and  now  stands  at  the  head 
of  the  Guernsey  County  Agricultural  Society,  having  become  heir  to  the 
defunct  society  that  had  its  origin  in  Cambridge.  "The  best  laid  schemes 
of  mice  and  men  gang  aft  agley." 

In  1844,  William  McCracken  sowed  this  lot  in  wheat,  putting  it  in  the 
best  of  order.  After  it  was  sowed,  he  had  it  marked  out  into  reaping  lands, 
eight  feet  wide,  which  was  the  custom  in  the  days  of  the  sickle.  Thus  each 
reaper  would  have  to  gather  in  his  full  land.  McCracken  was  a  noted  reaper, 
and  expected  to  lead  the  harvesters  himself,  as  did  the  royal  Boaz  in  the 
days  of  Ruth  and  Naomi ;  but  the  frost  of  May  30,  1845,  played  havoc  with 
the  wheat  crop,  and  there  was  little  reaping  done  in  any  field  that  year. 

As  this  is  now  the  frost  season,  we  give  the  dates  of  the  three  great 
late  frosts:  May  17  and  18,  1833;  May  29  and  30,  184s.  and  June  4  and 
5-   1859. 


The  first  Guernsey  county  fair  awarded  the  following  premiums :  Best 
stallion,  four-year-  old,  Timothy  Bates,  four  dollars;  second,  Scott  Emerson, 
two  dollars:  best  three-year-old.  John  Gibson,  three  dollars;  best  brood  mare 
and  colt,  Hugh  Woodburn,  two  dollars;  second,  David  Frazier,  one  dollar; 
best  pair  matched  horses,  Ichabud  Grummon,  two  dollars:  best  three-year- 
old  gelding,  Gordon  Lofland,  two  dollars:  second,  Boaz  Lofland,  one  dol- 
lar ;  best  filly,  William  McCracken.  two  dollars :  second,  David  Sarchet,  one 
dollar:  best  bull,  three-year-old.  Richard  Mackey,  three  dollars;  second, 
Moses  Sarchet,  two  dollars:  best  milch  cow.  John  D.  Moore,  three  dollars; 
second,  Gordon  Lofland.  two  dollars;  best  heifer,  Gordon  Lofland.  two 
dollars;  second.  I.  Messer.  one  dollar;  best  fine  wooled  buck,  Hugh  Wilson, 
three  dollars;  second,  Gordon  Lofland,  two  dollars;  best  boar,  Gordon  Lof- 
land. two  dollars:  second.  Moses  Sarchet,  one  dollar:  best  brood  sow,  Gor- 
don Lofland.  two  dollars;  second,  Marlin  Oldham,  one  dollar;  best  crop  of 
wheat.  John  Mehaffy.  being  forty-two  and  two-thirds  bushels  on  one  acre 
and  thirty-four  perches,  two  dollars:  best  crop  of  oats.  Henry  McCartney. 
being  fifty-seven  and  three-fourths  bushels  on  one  acre,  two  dollars;  best 
crop  of  c<>rn.  John  Wharton,  one  hundred  and  eleven  bushels  on  one  acre, 
two  dollars;  second,   Horatio   Grummon,   one  hundred   and  six  bushels  on 


one  acre,  one  dollar;  best  pair  of  bouts,  John  S.  King,  one  dollar;  best  quilt, 
Susan  Lofland,  one  dollar;  best  butter,  Mrs.  Priaulx,  one  dollar;  best  apples, 
David  Sarchet,  two  dollars;  Peter  Sarchet,  second  best,  one  dollar;  best 
plowing,  (irauimar  Milner,  two  dollars;  best  set  buggy  harness,  Alvin  E. 
Cook,  two  dollars;  best  buggy,  James  Davis,  two  dollars;  best  coverlet, 
.Miss  Grummon,  fifty  cents;  lady's  bracelets,  Miss  M.  T.  Connor,  fifty  cents; 
best  cabinet  chairs,  J.  C.  Hunter,  Ohio  cultivator;  best  linen  diaper,  Thomas 
Ford,  Ohio  cultivator;  William  Raney,  on  two  hogs,  Ohio  cultivator:  Alex- 
ander McCracken,  on  side  of  sole  leather,  Ohio  cultivator. 
The  treasurer's  report   was  as  follows: 

Receipts    of    members $  71.00 

Receipts   from  county 71.00 

Total     $142.00 

Paid    Premiums $72.50 

Paid  Printing 8.50 

Paid  for  two  blank  books 1.25 

Total    $82.25 

The  officers  elected  for  the  ensuing  years  were  as  follows :  President, 
Matthew  Gaston ;  vice-president.  Moses  Sarchet ;  secretary.  C.  J.  Albright ; 
treasurer,  Alexander  McCracken:  managers.  James  Rhinehart,  John  Bey- 
mer,  Thomas  W.  Peacock,  Ichabod  Grummon  and  Henry  McCartney. 

The  fair  at  Washington  has  kept  pace  with  the  passing  of  all  these  many 
years  and  holds  its  annual  exhibits.  It  has  come  to  be  looked  upon  with  much 
favor  throughout  the  entire  county  and  is  well  supported.  The  thirty-fourth 
annual  premium  list,  issued  just  prior  to  the  fair  held  in  19 10.  shows  the 
officers  and  directors  to  be  representative  men  in  various  parts  of  the  county; 
the  list  is  as  follows:  George  A.  McMillen,  president:  Jerry  Smith,  vice- 
president;  R.  S.  Frame,  treasurer;  R.  C.  McCreary,  secretary.  The  directors. 
with  their  home  townships,  are  as  follows :  C.  W.  Carnes,  Cambridge :  Sam- 
uel Oliver,  Center;  Jerry  Smith.  Jackson:  S.  L.  Madden.  Londonderry:  J.  C. 
Stockdale.  Madison:  J.  H.  Mosier,  Richland;  George  McMillen.  Westland; 
Aaron  Patterson.  Wills;  Hayes  Kimball,  Washington;  H.  M.  McCracken. 
Jefferson  ;  J.  W.  Moore,  honorary  member. 

Aside  from  stimulating  the  agricultural   interests  of  this  county,  these 


animal  fairs  are  held  to  renew  acquaintances  and  to  promote  friendship  among 
the  country  and  town  people.  The  last  annual  catalog  remarks :  "The  board 
and  its  officers  are  determined  that  the  Guernsey  county  fair  shall  rank  among 
the  best  in  the  state,  and  besides  the  general  list  of  prizes  offered  to  bring  out 
the  best  of  products,  it  is  earnestly  hoped  that  each  citizen  will  feel  an  indi- 
vidual interest  in  the  success  of  the  fair.  Let  us  make  gala  days  of  the  fair 
dates  that  shall  be  remembered  because  of  the  pleasant  features  and  the  grand 
social  re-union  of  citizens  from  all  over  Guernsey  county.  The  management 
has  planned  a  joyous  home-coming  to  be  held  in  Washington,  during  the  week 
of  the  coming  fair  season,  and  her  sons  and  daughters  will  meet  and  -greet  in 
a  joyful  reunion. 

"A  new  feature  has  been  added  and  one  that  it  is  believed  will  meet  with 
favor.  A  beautiful  flag  will  be  given  to  the  township  sending  the  largest 
dele°ation  of  school  children  to  the  fair  on  Fridav." 

At  Quaker  City,  in  years  long  since  passed,  there  was  a  good  agricultural 
society.  The  exhibits  were  fine.  The  last  account  the  writer  has  of  this  was 
an  election  of  officers  in  the  seventies. 

At  the  1908  county  fair,  at  Washington,  the  state  reports  show  that 
one  thousand  nine  hundred  and  eighty-five  dollars  was  paid  in  premiums  and 
that  the  receipts  at  the  gate  amounted  to  one  thousand  three  hundred  and 
thirty-seven  dollars.  The  grounds,  consisting  of  about  twenty-eight  acres, 
was  at  that  date  valued  at  nine  thousand  dollars. 


The  year  ro,  10  was  in  many  ways  a  peculiar  season  for  farming  and  fruit 
growing.  In  many  parts  of  the  country  the  frosts  killed  all  the  fruit  blossoms 
and  made  that  crop  short.  Here  in  Guernsey,  the  fruit  was  a  fairly  good  crop. 
The  strange  thing  about  this  season  was  the  second  growth  of  many  kinds  of 
vegetation.  Frost  held  off  until  the  very  last  days  of  October  and  a  small 
skift  of  snow  fell  on  the  28th  of  October,  but  none  to  speak  of,  as  it  was  only 
a  light  flurry  that  could  not  be  counted  by  measurement.  A  second  crop  of 
strawberries  that  were  produced  near  Cambridge,  were  sold  in  the  markets. 
Strange  appearing  ears  of  corn  were  frequently  produced;  fruit  trees  bloomed 
profusely,  and.  still  stranger,  George  A.  Gibson,  on  the  Taylor  farm  near 
Cambridge,  reported  a  field  of  oats  from  which  he  harvested  a  good  crop,  that 
in  places  subsequently  produced  a  good  second  crop  that,  in  the  last  week  of 
October,  when  frosts  came,  was  all  headed  out  and  almost  ripened  into  a  sec- 
ond yield — something  never  heard  of  here  before. 



Iii  the  opening  up  of  every  new  country  the  matter  of  transportation, 
the  first  highways  over  which  freighting  has  to  he  carried  on,  and  the  develop- 
ment of  better  and  more  rapid  means  of  transporting  freight  and  passengers, 
requires  much  skill  and  plenty  of  good  engineering,  as  well  as  careful  financier- 
ing. When  the  white  race  came  to  this  goodly  section  of  Ohio,  there  was 
nothing,  save  an  occasional  Indian  trail,  to  note  where  human  feet  had  trod 
before.  The  creeks  anil  rivers  had  wended  their  way  to  the  far-off  sea,  unob- 
structed by  dams  and  bridges.  Centuries  had  come  and  gone,  and  no  change 
was  wrought,  save  by  the  inevitable  wash  and  caving-in  of  the  former  ancient 
channels.  Mere,  in  Guernsey  county,  worse  was  the  condition  for  getting 
from  one  section  of  the  country  to  another  than  it  was  in  the  boundless  prairie 
section  of  the  country  farther  to  the  west,  for  here,  it  must  be  remembered, 
timber  abounded  and  obstructed  the  view.  Also  the  numerous  hills,  amount- 
ing almost  to  small  mountains,  hid  from  the  view  of  the  passer-by  the  valleys 
and  streams,  until  one  suddenly  came  upon  them  in  all  their  grandeur  and 
primitive  beauty. 

What  is  known  as  the  "Zane's  Trace"  was  the  first  attempt  at  cutting  a 
roadway  through  the  forests  of  this  section  of  the  state.  This  has  been 
treated  in  another  chapter,  hence  need  not  he  referred  to  at  length  in  this 

After  a  few  illy-constructed  roads  had  been  made  by  the  pioneers,  the 
old  Pike  was  constructed  and  it  was  a  great  blessing  to  the  settlers  hereabouts. 
This  was  a  national  road  and  was  completed  to  Zanesville  in  1832  and  it  was 
tinned  over  to  the  state  of  Ohio  about  that  date,  or  possibly  the  year  before. 

"The  coach  stands  rusting  in  the  road. 

The  horse  has  sought  the  plow ; 
We  have  spanned  the  world  with  iron  rails. 

The  steam-electric  king  rules  us  now." 

The  Pike,  or  great  National  road,  runs  through  the  entire  length  of  this 
county  from  east  to  west,  entering  at  Fairview,  in  the  centre  of  the  eastern 


part  of  the  county,  and  running  west  slightly  to  the  south  in  its  course  to 
Muskingum  county.  It  is  a  splendid  roadway,  self  draining  and  easily  kept 
in  good  repair.  This  is  a  part  of  the  great  road  by  some  still  called  "Clay's 
Pike."'  because  Henry  Clay  was  mainly  instrumental  in  having  the  government 
undertake  its  construction.  It  begins  at  Cumberland,  Maryland,  and  traverses 
the  country  between  there  and  Dayton,  Ohio.  The  Guernsey  county  section 
was  built  in  1827,  and  at  once  became  a  great  thoroughfare  for  traveling, 
driving  and  teaming,  which  caused  the  lands  to  advance  in  value  and  made  a 
ready  market  for  all  kinds  of  produce. 

The  author  of  this  work  published  an  article  in  the  Cambridge  Jcffcrson- 
ian  in  February.  1902,  concerning  this  highway,  which  will  here  be  repro- 
duced : 


In  1795.  Arthur  St.  Clair,  governor  of  the  Northwest  territory,  wrote 
to  the  United  States  authorities  at  Philadelphia,  "There's  not  a  road  in  the 
country."  By  an  act  of  Congress  of  May,  1796,  the  President  was  authorized 
to  enter  into  a  contract  with  Ebenezer  Zane.  of  Wheeling,  Virginia,  to  open  a 
mail  route  from  the  Ohio  river  at  Wheeling  to  Limestone,  in  Kentucky, 
which  was  perhaps  the  earliest  internal  improvement  in  the  United  States. 

It  was  not  until  1798  that  the  road  was  traced  as  far  west  as  the  site  of 
the  present  city  of  Cambridge.  Jonathan  Zane  and  John  Mclntyre  were  in 
charge  and  others  of  the  party  as  far  as  now  known  were  Thomas  Nicholson, 
Levi  Williams  and  Lacldy  Kelly.  Here,  on  the  site  of  Cambridge,  they  met 
United  States  surveyors  in  camp  on  Wills  creek.  One  of  the  party  was 
George  Metcalf.  The  Zane  Trace  was  nothing  but  a  bridle  path  through  the 
forest.  One  historian  says  that  "the  travel  wound  around  the  stumps."  But 
it  was  several  years  before  there  were  any  stumps.  The  Zane  party  only  cut 
out  saplings,  and  the  first  pioneers  over  it  used  pack-horses.  It  was  in  1785 
that  Congress  passed  a  law  for  the  survey  of  the  public  lands  west  of  the  Ohio 
river.  This  survey  was  in  charge  of  Thomas  Hutchins.  This  is  known  in 
the  Ohio  land  laws  as  the  "Seven  Ranges."  This  survey  extended  west  as  far 
as  the  west  lines  of  Londonderry,  Oxford  and  Millwood  townships.  The 
next  survey  west  is  known  as  the  United  States  military  land,  of  which  Guern- 
sey county  is  a  part.  These  lands  were  subject  to  entry  with  United  States 
bounty  land  warrants,  at  first  only  in  quarter  townships  of  four  thousand  acres. 
George  Beymer  entered  with  a  land  warrant,  given  to  Capt.  William  Walton 
for  military  services  in  1803.  two  hundred  acres  of  land,  now  in  Centre  town- 
ship on  the  Zane  trace,  on  which  he  built  a  double  log  cabin,  and  in   1806 

GUERNSEY    coiX'TV,   OHIO.  I  87 

opened  it  as  a  tavern.  This  cabin  tavern  was  situated  on  the  cast  side  of  the 
Four-mile  hill,  and  but  a  few  rods  north  of  the  presenl  National  road,  and 

was  the  lirst  tavern  east  of  the  crossing  of  Wills  creek.  It  was  the  halfway 
stopping  place  between  Cambridge  and  Washington  after  these  towns  were 
laid  out.  The  grandfather  of  the  writer,  Tin  .mas  Sarchet,  with  his  two 
brothers,  John  and  Peter,  and  Daniel  Ferbrache,  brother-in-law,  with  then- 
families,  camped  near  the  Beymer  cabin  tavern.  They  had  two  three-horse 
teams,  and  an  extra  team  of  two  horses  which  they  hired  at  Newellstown  to 
help  mi  account  of  the  had  road.  The  weather  was  exceedingly  wet.  and  a 
furious  storm  had  swept  through  the  forest,  felling  large  trees  in  every  direc- 
tion, so  that  road  making  was  the  order,  of  the  day.  These  were  the  first 
moving  wagons  to  arrive  at  Cambridge,  late  at  night.  August  14,  1806. 

'fhe  general  history  of  Guernsey  county  published  some  years  ago  gives 
Gen.  Simon  lieymer  the  credit  of  being  the  proprietor  of  the  town  of  Wash- 
ington, fait  that  is  an  error.  "New  Washington"  was  platted  and  laid  out 
hv  George  lieymer  and  his  brother,  Henry  lieymer,  September  26.  1S05,  in 
.Muskingum  county,  'fhe  plat  was  acknowledged  before  William  Montgom- 
ery, a  justice  of  the  peace  of  Muskingum  county.  Ohio,  and  is  signed  by  Henry 
Beymer  with  a  cross,  he  being  unable  to  sign  his  name.  The  lots  are  num- 
bered east  and  west  from  the  main  cross  street.  Lots  Xos.  1  and  2  are  re- 
served for  a  court  house  and  jail.  These  lots  are  immediately  east  of  the 
Pingon  Frame  residence.  Lot  48  was  reserved  for  a  church  and  school  house, 
and  Lot  62,  where  there  was  a  spring,  was  reserved  for  the  public  benefit  with 
free  access  to  and  from.  Besides  the  main  street,  sixty-six  feet  wide,  there 
are  two  other  streets,  thirty-three  feet  wide,  named  St.  George  and  St.  Henry. 
These  are  the  three  principal  streets,  diverging  to  the  south  and  north  from  a 
true  east  and  west  line.  This  makes  New  Washington  older  than  Cambridge, 
from  September  26,  1805,  to  June  2,  1806,  when  Cambridge  was  platted. 

George  Beymer  sold  his  cabin  to  Neil  Gillespie  and  James  Morrison,  and 
they  sold  to  Jacob  Endley  in  1817.  He  built  near  the  site  of  the  cabins  a  large, 
two-story  brick  house,  which  was  one  of  the  noted  taverns  on  the  old  Wheel- 
ing road  under  his  management,  and  later,  until  after  the  National  road  was 
made,  under  the  management  of  Col.  John  Woodrow.  William  H.  Endley, 
son  of  Jacob  Endley,  inherited  the  farm.  He  was  auditor  of  Guernsey  county 
in  1S74  for  two  terms  of  two  years  each.  He  tore  down  the  old  tavern,  and 
used  the  brick  to  build  a  residence  farther  up  the  road.  He  later  sold  to  Lind- 
sev  L.  Bonnell,  whose  heirs  now  own  the  land. 

As  von  begin  to  ascend  the  ridge  before  coming  to  the  Fairchild  farm, 
there  are  two  or  three  stiff  pinches  of  red  limestone  clay,  underlaid  with  coal 


blossom  and  blue  clay.  There  is  for  some  distance  a  stretch  of  this  kind  of 
road  bed.  In  the  days  of  the  old  road,  here  were  the  stalling  places  for  the 
heavily  loaded  teams  and  the  stage  wagons.  So  that  it  was  said  that  the 
wagoners  often  stayed  two  nights  at  the  Endley  tavern.  They  put  in  a  day 
going  but  little  over  two  miles,  and,  leaving  their  wagons,  would  lead  their 
ponies  back  to  the  tavern,  and  the  stage  passengers  would  have  to  walk  and 
earn-  a  rail  to  use  in  prying  out  the  stage.  Today,  in  wet  winters,  there  are 
still  bad  places.  Old  John  Oliver  lived  not  far  from  the  tough  places  in  the 
road.  He  had  a  "stillhouse"  and  perhaps  the  new  corn  juice  helped  to  raise 
the  steam  and  to  stimulate  the  wagoners,  stage  passengers  and  passengers. 

The  next  place  of  note  was  the  tavern  of  Robert  Carnes.  He  bought 
from  Francis  Williams,  and  in  1820  sold  to  Joseph  Eaton.  In  the  hands  of 
these  men,  it  was  the  half-way  house  between  the  Endley  tavern  and  Wash- 
ington. Isaac  McCollum  bought  the  farm  from  Eaton  in  1828,  and  the  widow 
of  his  son  Isaac  now  resides  on  the  old  farm.  A  modern  house  now  stands 
there,  but  perhaps  it  is  a  part  of  the  old  Eaton  tavern.  The  National  road 
was  completed  and  piked  out  as  far  west  as  Zanesville  in  1830.  For  a  num- 
ber of  years  after  its  completion  it  was  difficult  to  keep  the  travel  on  it.  Heavy 
logs  had  to  be  laid  on  the  sides  to  force  the  travel  on  the  stones,  so  that  the 
great  throng  of  travelers  with  unshod  horses  avoided  it  as  much  as  possible. 
Only  the  wagons  and  stage  horses  were  shod.  Here  was  a  stretch  of  four 
miles  that  was  preferred  to  the  pike.  The  McCollum  stand  was  not  a  tavern, 
but  was  a  place  where  movers  stayed,  as  were  most  of  the  houses  and  cabins 
on  the  old  road.  In  summer  it  is  a  much  more  pleasant  drive  than  the  pike, 
which  is  a  little  over  a  mile  south. 

As  you  go  up  the  run,  then  called  Dudley's  run,  a  short  distance  from 
Jonathan  Dickens'  (colored)  place,  son  of  Jonah  Dickens,  was  where  old  John 
Chapman  had  his  hut.  Old  John  Dickens  and  old  Ned  Simpson  were  the 
early  colored  settlers  of  that  region,  and  in  the  palmy  days  of  the  Endley  tav- 
ern they  were  the  hostlers  and  bootblacks,  shining  the  travelers'  boots  at  night, 
making  them  glisten  as  their  own  countenances,  just  as  when  a  darky's  face 
has  been  rubbed  with  a  bacon  rind. 

From  the  toll  gate  west  of  Washington,  the  old  road  diverged  to  the 
north,  and  was  getting  away  from  the  direct  west  line  of  the  National  road. 
As  these  two  roads  come  together  at  the  Four-mile  hill,  we  cannot  see  any 
good  reason  for  the  location  of  the  National  road  on  its  present  line  of  up 
hill  and  down  hill,  with  heavy  cuts  and  fills,  all  of  which  might  easily  have 
been  avoided  by  following  the  line  of  the  old  road. 

The  present  owners  of  the  land  lying  on  the  old  road,  as  given  by  the 


Centre  township  map  of  [902,  arc  I..  B.  Bonnell's  heirs,  Jonathan  Gibson, 
Jane  Oliver,  .Mrs.  Fairchild,  A.  E.  Scott.  John  McCollum,  [saac  McCollum, 
William  Eagleson,  John  C.  McCracken,  John  Griffith,  and  Doctor  Wharton. 

his  place  now  owned  by  Mr.  Mutton. 

We  struck  the  pike  east  of  the  toll  gate  and  paid  three  cents  to  the  old 
Shaw  brick  tavern.  As  we  passed  on  west  of  the  gate,  we  found  that  we 
could  have  avoided  the  toll  by  a  cut-off  used  by  many  for  thai  purpose,  hut 
the  writer  and  the  pike  being  about  the  same  age,  the  old  love  compelled  him 
at  all  times  to  take  no  mean  advantage  of  his  old  friend.  At  the  old  Shaw 
house,  later  owned  by  Thomas  Hyde,  and  now  owned  by  Doctor  Gibbons, 
whose  brother  is  in  charge  of  the  farm,  we  received  a  good  harvest  dinner 
from  the  good  housewife,  whom  we  found  to  he  a  very  intelligent  woman,  and 
a  home-maker  and  keeper  of  a  high  order.  We  spent  some  time  there  with 
her  in  general  conversation.  She  seemed  to  be  well  up  to  the  trend  of  things 
going  on,  and  showed  us  around  her  house,  which  was  neat  and  trim,  and 
took  great  pleasure  in  showing  us  family  pictures  and  souvenirs  Which  she  has, 
seeming  anxious  to  learn  whether  we  intended  to  write  a  history,  as  did  also 
the  three  Mrs.  McCollums,  at  whose  homes  we  tarried  for  a  short  time.  To 
all  the  same  answer  was  given,  that  we  were  looking  around  to  see  and  learn 
what  we  could.  From  Gibbons'  we  took  a  byway  through  the  McCollum 
farms  to  the  old  road.  Wre  wanted  to  go  over  the  old  road  on  which  we  had 
not  been  for  fifty  years,  and  connect  the  history  of  this  link  of  four  miles  with 
some  others  we  have  written. 


On  December  31,  1832,  Seth  Adams,  of  Zanesville.  superintendent  of 
the  National  road,  which  was  then  completed  to  Zanesville,  shows  in  his  re- 
port the  amount  of  travel  for  that  year  by  the  books  of  the  toll  gates  to  be, 
men  on  horseback,  35.310;  mules  and  horses  driven,  16.750;  sheep  driven.  24,- 
410;  hogs  driven,  52,845;  cattle  driven,  96.323;  carriages  with  one  horse, 
14.907;  carriages  and  Wagons  with  two  horses.  11,613;  wagons  with  three 
horses.  2,357;  with  tour  horses,  3,692:  with  five  horses,  1.599;  w'th  six 
horses,  1.329. 

The  toll  gates  were  at  that  time  but  one  in  each  county  twenty  miles 
apart,  so  there  could  be  but  little  intermediate  travel  counted  in  the  report. 
This  will  give  some  idea  to  the  reader  of  today  of  the  amount  of  traffic  on  the 
road,  and  the  number  of  taverns,  which  would  average  more  than  two  to 
everv  mile  between  the  Ohio  river  and  Zanesville.     In  this  the  stage  coaches 


are  not  numbered,  as  the  greater  part  of  them  were  mail  coaches,  which  passed 
free  over  the  road. 

It  was  not  until  1833  that  toll  gates  were  established  on  an  average  of 
ten  miles  apart  along  the  road.  This  great  amount  of  travel  increased  yearly, 
so  that  it  was  said  that  the  road  was  lined  with  vehicles  and  horsemen,  and 
the  number  of  pedestrians  was  proportionately  as  great.  This  great  moving 
tide  were  the  home-seekers  of  the  West. 

The  United  States  government  never  established  toll  gates  on  the  road 
in  Ohio,  and  it  was  not  until  1831,  when  the  National  road  was  transferred  to 
Ohio,  that  tolls  were  collected.  The  United  States  in  the  cession  reserved 
free  toll  for  the  government  service  of  every  kind,  and  also  the  right  to  take 
back  the  road  from  the  state  at  any  time  by  paying  to  the  state  what  it  had 
expended  in  keeping  up  the  road,  over  and  above  the  amount  that  had  been 
expended  by  the  state.  So  that  in  this  day  of  good  road  movements,  electric 
railroads  and  automobiles,  the  United  States  might  yet  step  into  control  of  the 
old  National  highway. 

Steam  carriages  and  automobiles  are  not  altogether  new  things  under  the 
sun  in  Ohio.  December  22,  1833,  a  memorial  to  the  Senate  of  Ohio  was  pre- 
sented from  William  Niel,  Esq.,  of  Columbus,  asking  permission  of  the  Legis- 
lature to  run  a  line  of  steam  carriages  on  the  National  road  in  this  state.  The 
memorial  was  referred  to  a  special  committee  of  three.  A  bill  was  reported 
January  15th  to  the  Senate,  and  referred  back  to  the  committee  for  amend- 
ment. January  21st  the  bill  passed  by  a  vote  of  eighteen  yeas  and  seventeen 
nays.  The  bill  was  reported  to  the  House  January  24th,  and  a  motion  for  its 
indefinite  postponement  was  defeated.  February  13th  the  bill  was  postponed 
until  the  '"first  Monday  of  December  next."     We  leave  it  there. 

The  National  road  was  not  completed  at  that  time  to  Columbus.  Wil- 
liam Neil  was  taking  time  by  the  forelock.  He  was  one  of  the  proprietors  of 
the  Ohio  Stage  Company.  In  1834  there  were  four  daily  stage  lines  on  the 
road,  the  Ohio  Stage  Company,  the  Citizens'  Line,  the  People's  Line,  and  the 
Good  Intent,  and  an  every-other-day  stage  line  from  Cambridge  to  Cadiz  and 
Steubenville.  over  the  Steubenville  grade  road. 


The  following  appeared  in  the  Cambridge  Times  of  February  9,  1826: 
"Thomas  Sarchet,  Sr..  is  building  a  large  flat  or  keel  boat  at  the  Guern- 
sey Salines,  on  Wills  creek,   four  miles  north  of  Cambridge.     This  boat  is 
seventy  feet  long  and  eighteen  feet  wide,  and  a  water  depth  of  three  feet. 


Tt  is  boarde 

id  up  the  sides,  an<l  lias  a  roof  covering  forty  feet  in 

length.     In 

tin's  covere( 

1  portion,  which  is  eight   feet  high,  arc  wheat  bins. 

Jt  will  be 

loaded  with 

wheat,  flour  and  salt,  the  Hour  and  salt  in  barrels." 

The  paper  of  March  2d  says:  "Wills  creek  for  the  past  week  is  in  a  line 
state  for  navigation."  The  paper  of  April  9th  says:  "Thomas  Sarchet's  fast 
sailing  boat;  the  'Eliza  of  Guernsey,'  left  the  Guernsey  Salines,  under  the 
command  of  Capt.  R.  M.  <i.  Patterson,  Thomas  Sarchet,  Sr.,  and  sons,  own- 
ers and  supercargoes." 

This  is  a  copy  of  the  journal  of  the  voyage  down  Wills  creek: 

"Started  forty-five  minutes  past  twelve  M.,  April  S.  Monday;  stopped 
at  Judge  Leeper's  to  take  on  more  cargo:  Tuesday  at  eleven  o'clock,  got  under 
way  at  six  A.  M. ;  stopped  at  Mr.  Gibson's  for  refreshments,  where  we  were 
highly  entertained,  and  took  on  more  cargo,  and  at  half  past  ten  o'clock  passed 
the  big  drift  safely,  and  at  half  past  two  o'clock  passed  the  big  bend  safely,  and 
landed  in  good  order;  Wednesday  at  twelve  o'clock,  passed  Wayne's  mill  and 
lock,  Marquand's  mill  and  lock  and  Paber's  mill  and  lock,  and  at  five  o'clock 
P.  M..  arrived  at  the  mouth  of  Wills  creek,  all  well  and  without  an  accident; 
Thursday  morning  passed  Lucas'  bend,  passed  the  brick  house,  the  upper  salt 
.works,  the  second  salt  works,  and  arrived  at  Zanesville  at  ten  o'clock  P.  M., 
all  well  and  in  high  spirits. 

"Now  Mr.  Beatty,"  (that  was  Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  Thomas  Sarchet's  son- 
in-law.  then  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Guernsey  'rimes)  "please  to  insert  in 
your  paper  the  above  for  the  satisfaction  of  the  friends  of  the  Washington 
removalists,  that  the  enemies  of  Cambridge  may  be  without  excuse  when 
stating  at  Columbus,  Ohio,  and  elsewhere  that  they  never  heard  of  anything 
navigating  Wills  creek  larger  than  a  canoe,  and  that  in  the  very  highest  stage 
of  water." 

In  the  Legislature  of  1825  and  '26  the  Hon.  Thomas  Hanna,  representa- 
tive of  Guernsey  county,  then  residing  at  Washington,  introduced  in  the  House 
a  hill  for  the  removal  of  the  county  seat  from  Cambridge  to  Washington, 
and  in  its  introduction  bail  made  the  statement  given  above.  The  house  laid 
his  bill  on  the  table,  by  a  vote  of  forty-five  yeas  to  twenty-seven  nays,  and 
his  hill  was  never  taken  from  the  table. 

And  now  we  must  make  the  statement  that  it  was  because  of  old  Wills 
creek,  that  is  now  giving  the  city  of  Cambridge  so  much  trouble,  that  the 
county  seat  was  held  at  Cambridge,  from  1819  to  1854.  when  the  coming  of 
the  central  Ohio  railroad  to  Cambridge  settled  the  question  for  all  time. 

The  Sarchet  boat  went  down  the  Muskingum  to  the  Ohio,  and  down  it 
to  the  falls  at  Louisville,  where  the  cargo  and  boat  were  sold.     Tt  was  built  to 


prove  that  large  boats  could  pass  in  safety  down  Wills  creek,  and  for  more 
than  thirty  years,  every  year,  boats  passed  out  of  Wills  creek  into  Muskingum 


"Saturday,  October  7,  Sam  Haines'  steamboat,  the  'Tickle  Pitcher,'  was 
launched,  above  the  cut  under  the  National  road  bridge.  Hundreds  of  peo- 
ple, men,  women  and  children,  assembled  to  see  the  launching  of  the  first 
steamboat  on  Wills  creek,  and  the  last.  After  some  little  delay,  the  launch 
was  made  at  two  o'clock  P.  M.  The  boat  slid  down  the  Ways  into  the  creek, 
and  glided  majestically  down  through  the  cut  under  the  bridge,  amid  the 
puff  of  the  steam  and  blowing  of  the  whistle,  and  cheers  of  the  assembled 
crowd." — Herald. 


Under  the  caption  of  "Sarchet's  Reflections,"  published  in  1898,  the  au- 
thor said  concerning  Doctor  Hunt's  removal  from  Guernsey  county  in  1843  : 

We  have  just  received  from  our  old  friend  and  Guernsey  Times  typo,  of 
the  long  ago,  Joshua  Hunt,  an  address  in  pamphlet,  of  Hon.  Samuel  F.  Hunt, 
president  of  the  Springfield  Township  Pioneer  Association,  at  its  fifth  annual 
reunion  at  Mt.  Healthy,  Ohio,  September  3,  1898.  The  address  is  headed 
with  this  quotation : 

"We  came  into  the  land  whither  thou  sentest  us,  and  surely  it  floweth 
with  milk  and  honey.  Num.  13  -.27. "  This  calls  up  some  history,  and  we 
will  tell  how  this  Hunt  family  went  into  the  land. 

The  speaker,  Hon.  Samuel  F.  Hunt,  is  a  son  of  Dr.  Samuel  Hunt,  a 
former  resident  in  Cambridge,  Ohio,  and  to  distinguish  the  son  from  the 
father  he  was  called  "Little  Sammy."  Doctor  Hunt  resided  on  the  lot  now 
covered  by  the  Richardson  and  Shairer  block  on  West  Wheeling  avenue. 
Doctor  Hunt  sold  the  residence  and  lot  to  Dr.  Milton  Green,  and  removed  to 
Morrow,  Butler  county,  Ohio,  in  1843.  The  manner  of  removal  was  to  be 
by  flatboat,  floating  down  Wills  creek,  the  Muskingum  and  Ohio  rivers  to  the 
mouth  of  the  little  Miami,  and  up  it  to  Morrow.  The  flatboat  was  built  on 
the  creek  bank  above  the  National  road  bridge,  and  was  in  readiness,  awaiting 
a  spring  freshet  to  float  out  of  Wills  creek,  but  the  spring  was  exceedingly 
dry,  and  no  looked-for  spring  flood  came.  Doctor  Hunt  decided  to  move  the 
flatboat  overland  to  Zanesville,  and  begin  his  water  voyage  from  there.  A 
low-wheeled  log  wagon,  used  at  the  old  General  Moore  mill,  was  made  ready, 


ami  the  flatboat  was  loaded  on  it  and  made  secure  It  was  rather  a  novel 
sight  tn  see  a  flatboat  float  off  on  a  wagon,  and  quite  a  large  crowd  gathered 
to  see  it  move  off  the  National  road.  We  think  the  moving  force  was  George 
1).  Gallup,  with  a  six-horse  team.  At  Zanesville  it  was  launched  on  the  blue 
Muskingum.  The  family  and  the  household  goods  were  placed  on  hoard,  and 
the  voyage  began.  It  took  thirty  and  more  days  to  reach  Morrow.  There- 
was  this  advantage  in  that  way  of  moving — they  were  always  at  home,  yet 
going  forward.  When  rounded  to  and  tied  up  at  shore  for  the  night,  they  had 
traveled  a  day's  journey  from  home,  yet  had  home  with  them.  They  enjoyed 
a  pleasant  journey,  enjoying  the  beautiful  scenery  that  lined  on  either  side  the 
hills  of  the  rivers  and  the  passing  of  the  hundreds  of  steamboats  that  plied  on 
the  Ohio  river.  It  is  not  over  one  hundred  and  twenty  miles  from  Cambridge 
to  Morrow,  and  today  six  hours  will  cover  the  time  of  the  journey  by  railroad. 
These  water  voyages  were  common  in  early  days.  Old  Jonathan  Bye,  a 
relative  of  the  Hunt  family,  removed  from  Byesville,  of  which  he  was  the 
founder,  by  boat,  to  Sterling,  Illinois. 


This  amusing  letter  appeared  in  the  columns  of  the  Cambridge  Times 
April  7,  1838: 

"Sometime  last  spring,  an  old  veteran  chairmaker,  residing  at  Cambridge, 
Guernsey  county,  Ohio,  finding  himself  somewhat  embarrassed,  and  money  not 
being  easily  obtained,  concluded  to  make  a  venture  in  the  far  West.  He 
therefore  built  a  small  keel-boat,  loaded  it  with  lumber  for  making  chairs  and 
bedsteads.  About  the  first  of  July,  he,  with  much  difficulty,  made  his  way 
down  the  crooked  windings  of  Wills  creek,  thence  down  the  waters  of  the 
Muskingum  to  the  mouth.  There  he  lost  his  passengers,  as  the  steamboats 
had  better  accommodations.  He  then  floated  down  the  Ohio,  as  far  as  Mt. 
Vernon,  Indiana.  He  there  spent  the  summer  in  making  and  vending  his 
work ;  but  finding  sales  dull,  he  contracted  with  two  gentlemen  to  take  his  boat 
and  a  quantity  of  furniture  up  the  Illinois  as  far  as  Peoria.  Here  he  sold  his 
boat  and  cargo,  but  in  consequence  of  the  ice,  he  was  detained  longer  than  he 
expected.  What  was  his  surprise  when  he  again  arrived  at  Mt.  Vernon  to 
hear  that  convulsions  were  taking  place  in  and  about  Cambridge,  like  the  dis- 
charge of  surplus  steam  when  a  boat  lands  at  the  wharf  and  has  no  further 
use  for  it  than  to  frighten  horses  and  disturb  the  neighborhood!  He  would 
have  had  less  reason  to  censure  had  it  been  confined  to  those  interested,  but 
those  that  had  nothing  else  to  do  spread  the  news  high  and  low,  far  and  wide 


— the  chairmaker  had  undoubtedly  absconded — until  it  became  honestly  be- 
lieved by  the  judicious  part  of  the  community.  The  old  veteran  concluding  it 
would  be  better  to  use  medicine,  fearing  that  some  lungs  might  be  injured, 
did,  at  great  trouble  and  expense,  obtain  a  small  quantity  of  Benton's  mint 
drops,  with  which  he  is  willing  to  accommodate  all  those  who  have  genuine 
drafts.  As  for  those  who  have  none,  they  must  take  their  pains  for  their 
trouble.  He  would  embrace  this  opportunity  to  inform  his  old  customers 
that  he  has  returned,  and  is  ready  to  wait  on  all  calls  in  his  line. 

"Old  Chairmaker. 
"April  7,  1838." 

It  should  be  stated  that  navigation  on  the  waters  of  Wills  creek,  or  any 
other  stream  in  Guernsey  county,  never  amounted  to  a  great  deal,  but  did 
play  some  part  at  an  early  day  in  getting  in  and  out  of  the  count}'.  The  stream 
was  never  of  sufficient  volume  to  warrant  the  improvement  talked  of  at  one 
time.  The  canal  on  the  north  and  the  building  of  railroads,  a  little  later, 
caused  the  water  route  to  entirely  be  lost,  sight  of.  The  no-current  canal  and 
the  almost  as  stationary  volume  of  water  in  the  creek  were  long  years  ago  too 
slow  a  means  fur  the  progressive  people  of  this  county.  There  are  times,  al- 
most any  year,  when  steamboats  could  ply  the  waters  of  Wills  creek,  as  it  has 
had  many  wonderful  floods  and  has  been  found  many  fathoms  out  of  its 
crooked  channel,  submerging  a  wide  valley  with  water  of  considerable  depth, 
but  this,  of  course,  only  lasts  a  few  hours  or  days,  at  longest. 


Coming  down  to  the  railroad  era  in  Guernsey  county,  it  may  be  stated 
that  the  first  railroad  constructed  into  the  county  was  the  old  Central  Ohio 
(now  the  property  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  Company)  in  1852.  The  first 
shovelful  of  dirt  thrown  on  this  grade,  on  the  south  hillside,  at  Cambridge, 
was  August  1 2th,  of  that  year,  and  it  was  thrown  by  the  venerable  C.  L.  Madi- 
son. The  tunnel  was  begun  October  23d,  the  same  year.  The  Cambridge  tele- 
graph office  was  opened  February  3,  1853.  The  inventor.  Professor  Morse, 
was  raised  up,  as  if  by  Providence,  to  discover  the  magnetic  telegraph  just  in 
time  to  be  of  good  service  in  the  operation  of  railroad  trains,  which  were  also 
quite  a  new  thing  at  that  time. 

The  advent  of  the  iron  horse  ushered  in  a  new  and  better  era  into  this 
county,  and  gave  new  avenues  by  which  the  farmer  and  stock  man  could  mar- 
ket, at  more  profitable  prices,  the  products  of  the  farm.  The  county  then,  for 
the  first  time,  came  in  real  commercial  touch  with  the  great  outside  world. 


Millwood,  Richland.  Center,  Cambridge,  Adams  and  Westland,  with  its  main 
line,  while  it  runs  through  portions  of  Richland,  Valley  and  Spencer,  with  a 
branch  from  Lore  City  to  Cumberland.  Beginning  on  the  cast  side  of  the 
county,  the  .station  points  of  most  importance  arc  Quaker  City,  Saleville,  Lore 
City,  Cambridge  and  Cassel  Station,  on  the  main  line.  On  the  Cumberland 
branch  the  stations  worthy  of  note  are  Lore  City,  Scnecaville.  Hartford  and 
Cumberland.  The  only  tunnel  on  this  mad  in  the  county  is  near  Cambridge 
on  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  road. 

The  arrival  of  the  first  regular  passenger  train  over  the  road  now  known 
as  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio,  from  Columbus,  was  on  April  27,  1854.  It  con- 
sisted of  six  coaches  and  it  was  welcomed  right  royally.  The  march  from  the 
station  to  the  public  square  was  a  long,  enthusiastic  one.  was  under  marshal- 
ship  of  Loll  lordon  I. of  land  and  an  address  was  made  by  Hon.  Nathan  Evans. 
Military  companies  from  Columbus  and  Zanesville  were  present. 

What  is  now  known  as  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  enters  the  county  from 
the  north,  in  Wheeling  township,  follows  the  windings  of  the  chief  stream  of 
the  county  (Wills  creek)  on  down  through  Liberty,  Cambridge,  Jackson  and 
Valley  townships,  leaving  the  county  near  Pleasant  City,  with  stations  of  im- 
portance at  Pleasant  City,  then  north  through  Derwent,  Byesville,  Cambridge, 
Tyncr.  Kimbolton,  Birds  Run  and  Guernsey  and  so  on  out  of  this  into  Tuscara- 
was county.  The  objective  points  of  this  division  of  the  great  Pennsylvania 
system  are  Marietta,  at  the  south,  and  Cleveland,  at  the  north. 

When  originally  constructed  in  about  1880,  this  was  the  property  of  the 
( Cleveland  &  Marietta  company  and  was  headed  by  General  Warner,  through 
whose  energy  and  untiring  zeal  the  road  was  built  at  a  time  when  it  taxed 
every  thought  and  capacity  of  good  business  men.  It  opened  up  an  excellent 
coal  field  and  gave  a  competing  freight  rate  out  and  into  the  county.  Its  ad- 
vent was  hailed  with  supreme  delight  by  all  classes  of  citizens,  as  a  north  and 
south  route  through  the  county  was  fully  as  great  in  importance  as  the  main 
line  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  from  east  to  west.  It  was  built  through  the 
best  valley  section  of  the  county,  but  necessarily  over  a  very  rough,  uneven 
country,  where  much  expense  was  necessary,  the  grades  somewhat  heavy  and 
curves  sharp.  A  tunnel  of  many  hundred  feet  through  solid  rock  and  coal 
strata  between  Kimbolton  and  Guernsey  had  to  be  constructed  at  an  expense 
of  almost,  if  not  fully,  a  million  dollars.  The  waters  of  Wills  creek  at  times 
flooded  the  tracks  and  this  caused  other  expense  and  delay.  General  Warner 
fought  on.  but  all  to  no  purpose,  for  there  came  a  time  when  he  had  to  suc- 
cumb to  the  inevitable.      The  road  was  sold  and  passed  into  the  hands  of  the 


present  corporation,  the  Pennsylvania  company,  who  rebuilt  and  re-equipped 
the  same  and  it  is  now  a  first-class  steam  highway,  doing  an  excellent  business. 
The  coal  fields  in  and  near  Byesville  and  Pleasant  City  were  greatly  developed 
and  this  has  made  untold  wealth  to  the  possessors  of  the  mineral  lands,  as  well 
as  afforded  the  company  the  transportation  of  endless  tons  of  coal. 

In  the  eighties,  while  the  road  was  still  under  the  ownership  of  the  old 
Cleveland  &  Marietta,  the  tunnel  at  Guernsey  and  Kimbolton  caught  fire,  and 
the  immense  coal  deposit  through  which  a  section  of  the  tunnel  was  made 
ignited  and  continued  to  burn  for  more  than  two  years,  causing  a  total  loss  of 
the  tunnel  and  the  laying  of  another  track  a  distance  of  eight  miles  around  a 
horseshoe  bend,  going  eight  miles  around  in  order  to  gain  two  miles  in  its  true 
course.  This,  with  endless  litigations,  caused  the  company  to  go  into  the 
hands  of  a  receiver  and  finally  it  was  transferred  to  the  Pennsylvania  com- 
pany. Several  of  the  heaviest  stockholders  lived  in  Guernsey  county  and 
when  the  company  paid  out  only  about  forty  cents  on  a  dollar,  it  broke  these 
local  men  up  financially.  It  now  has  thirty-three  miles  of  roadway  in  the 
county  and  is  a  great  thoroughfare,  especially  for  freighting  coal  from  the 
mines,  the  road  running  through  the  mining  section  from  south  to  north. 

The  Baltimore  &  Ohio  was  bonded  for  in  this  county  to  the  extent  of 
one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  So  it  will  be  seen  that  the  common  carrier 
system  of  today  has  cost  the  taxpayers  of  the  past  generation  much  money. 
Yet  no  one  now  desires  the  old  system  of  transportation.  At  this  date  the 
Baltimore  &  Ohio  road  has  sixteen  miles  on  its  Cumberland  division  and 
twenty-nine  miles  on  its  "Central  Ohio"  division,  with  sidings  amounting  to 
eighteen  miles  within  Guernsey  county. 

What  is  generally  styled  the  Narrow  Gauge  road,  is  the  Ohio  River  & 
Western  railroad,  which  cuts  off  only  a  corner  of  the  county,  where  it  runs 
from  the  southwest  into  Cumberland,  having  three  miles  of  track  within 
Guernsey  county.  It  is  still  of  the  narrow  gauge  type  of  railroad.  It  was 
built  about  1880  to  Cumberland. 



Wherever  commerce  and  true  civilization  is  found,  there  one  will  find 
representatives  of  the  legal  profession  and  courts  of  justice..  Most  of  the 
laws  of  today  are  based  on  the  principle  of  justice  and  equal  rights  to  all  citi- 
zens, he  they  native  or  foreign-bom  and  adopted  into  our  national  citizenship. 
If  all  men  were  truly  informed  as  to  the  law  of  the  country  in  which  they  re- 
side and  transact  business,  and  then  possessed  an  honest,  law-abiding  spirit, 
such  as  is  marked  out  by  the  Bible  picture  id"  the  millennium  dawn,  there  would 
he  little  use  for  lawyers  and  courts,  but  as  we  have  not  nearly  reached  that  per- 
fected state,  hence  the  rights  of  one  person  must  be  met  and  justice  forced  upon 
another.  This  requires  lawyers  w^ell  versed  in  their  profession.  The  legal 
profession  is  one  of  profound  principles  and  it  is  for  this  to  point  out  and  en- 
force the  rights  of  one  class  of  citizens  as  against  other  men  and  classes. 
While  the  world  has  no  need  of  the  dishonest  lawyer,  it  has  great  need  of  the 
truly  honorable  attorney,  who  seeks  ever  to  make  peace,  rather  than  encourage 
litigation  among  the  people  of  his  community.  What  is  needed  is  the  great 
type  of  legal  advocates  found  in  the  Gladstones  of  England;  the  Websters. 
Everetts,  Choates,  Marshall,  the  Lincolns  and  Douglases  of  our  own  America 
and  also  those  of  more  recent  careers,  who  seek  to  make  plain  the  fundamental 
law  of  our  republic  and  our  international  relations  with  all  foreign  powers. 
We  need,  at  this  date,  more  of  the  great  minds  in  law  found  in  former  years  in 
a  Hamilton,  a  Jefferson  and  our  earlier  supreme  judges. 

While  there  still  lurks  in  the  minds  of  the  laity  the  notion  that  the  legal 
profession  is  mostly  made  up  of  trickery,  technicality  and  trouble-makers,  the 
fact  still  remains  that  through  them  peace  and  order  and  good  government 
obtains  in  this  and  all  countries.  The  day  has  long  since  passed  when  this 
profession  is  looked  upon  as  one  of  dishonor,  but  rather  as  one  from  which 
emanates  our  best  and  truest  type  of  citizenship  and  statesmen. 

It  is  regretted  by  the  publisher  that  a  more  complete  record  of  the  first 
attorneys  in  Guernsey  county  is  not  available  at  present,  for  a  chain  of  inter- 
esting sketches  which  might  otherwise  appear. 



(  Times  of  July,  1871.) 

"The  case  of  the  State  of  Ohio  versus  Robert  Wright  (colored),  for 
shooting  with  intent  to  kill  William  Lucas  (colored)  at  Fairview  last  spring, 
is  now  on  trial  in  this  court  before  a  special  colored  jury.  The  following  is 
the  panel,  selected  by  agreement  of  counsel  and  on  the  order  of  the  court,  in 
the  manner  prescribed  by  law  : 

"Jordon  Early,  Isaac  Moss,  William  Wooten,  Simon  Turner,  Chas.  R. 
Green.  Cornelius  Turner,  Ransom  Bennett,  Amos  Page,  Joseph  Early,  Lewis 
Jackson,  Enos  Brady,  John  Singer,  Jeremiah  Hargrave,  Charles  Williams, 
James  Berry  and  Amos  Kimmey. 

"We  believe  this  is  the  second  colored  jury  empaneled  in  the  United 
States  and  the  first  in  the  state  of  Ohio;  and  it  is  the  first  time  a  colored  man 
was  ever  called  to  sit  upon  a  jury  in  this  county.  This  unusual  occurrence  is  a 
theme  of  much  conversation  and  interest.  Colonel  Barnes  appears  for  the 
state,  and  William  Borton  and  J.  D.  Taylor,  Esq.,  for  the  defendant.  The 
court  room  was  crowded  at  the  opening  of  the  trial.  About  thirty  witnesses 
are  subpoenaed." 


The  first  death  sentence  in  Guernsey  count)-  was  in  1844,  when  Judge 
Kennon  sentenced  George  Weeks  to  be  hanged  for  the  murder  of  Edward 
Woods.  Later  he  was  sentenced  to  a  term  in  the  state  prison,  where  he 
finally  died. 

The  next  to  be  sentenced  was  in  1869,  when  Thomas  D.  Carr  was  tried 
and  convicted  for  the  killing  of  Louisa  C.  Fox.  his  girl  lover  who  refused  to 
marry  him.  He  was  hung  Friday.  August  20,  1869.  He  confessed  at  last  to 
the  crime  and  also  it  was  learned  that  he  had  in  all  killed  fifteen  persons,  at 
one  time  or  another  in  his  life. 


(From  the  Jeffersonian,  1878.) 

We  recently  published  an  account  of  the  first  term  of  Court  held  in 
Guernsey  county.  The  first  grand  jury  was  empaneled  and  the  first  criminal 
business  was  transacted  at  the  second  term,  which  began  on  Monday,  August 
27,  1810,  and  adjourned  on  the  Tuesday  following.  The  names  of  the  first 
grand  jurors  are  as  follows :  Z.  A.  Beatty,  foreman ;  John  Hanna,  Lloyd  Tal- 

GUERNSEY    rul'XTY.    OHIO.  1 99 

bott,  Thomas  Cooke,  John  McClennahan,  Andrew  Marshall,  Wyatt  Hutch- 
ison, John  Beham,  George  J.  Jackson,  John  Moffatt,  Isaac  Grummond,  W. 
Talbert,  Stewart  Speer,  George  Metcalf  and  !■'..  Dyson.  The  grand  jury  at 
the  present  term  of  court  returned  twenty-five  true  hills  of  indictment  against 
thirty-six  persons.  The  first  grand  jury  of  this  county  returned  three  true 
hills — two  for  retailing  liquor  without  license  and  one  for  retailing  merchan- 
dise without  license.  Proceedings  under  the  latter  indictment  were  stopped 
by  the  defendant  coming  into  court  and  exhibiting  his  license.  One  of  the 
men  charged  with  retailing  liquor  without  a  license  pleaded  guilty  and  was 
fined  six  cents  and  costs.  The  other  pleaded  not  guilty  and  his  case  was  con- 
tinued. ( )n  the  affidavit  of  George  Metcalf,  one  of  the  grand  jurors,  an  in- 
dictment was  issued  for  Peter  Wirick,  Sr.,  returnable  at  the  December  term, 
for  not  answering  questions  asked  him  when  before  the  grand  jury.  The 
court  ordered  that  the  prosecuting  attorney  be  allowed  ten  dollars  for  his 
services  at  the  first  term  of  court,  and  twenty-live  dollars  at  each  term  there- 
after. Idie  prison  bounds  were  fixed  by  an  order  of  the  court.  They  in- 
cluded all  that  part  of  Cambridge  between  Spruce  and  Mulberry  streets. 

The  following  were  serving  as  justices  of  the  peace  in  the  townships  noted 
in  Guernsey  county  in  iqio:  T.  M.  Johnson,  Millwood;  G.  C.  Lanning,  Mon- 
roe; T.  V.  Foster,  Monroe;  J.  \Y.  Bryant,  Oxford;  W.  H.  Brown,  Oxford; 
N.  T.  Oliver.  Richland;  S.  D.  Floyd,  Richland;  W.  H.  Moore,  Spencer;  J. 
Purkey.  Spencer;  L.  B.  Hollenbeck.  Valley;  C.  S.  McDonald.  Valley;  J.  II. 
Oxlev,  Washington;  John  D.  Reid,  Washington :  Earnest  Kirk.  Westland ; 
Harry  Sawyer,  Westland;  W.  R.  Crater,  Wheeling;  Henry  Wilson,  Wheeling; 
William  Black,  Wills;  Theudas  T.  Jones,  Cambridge:  R.  W.  Lindsey,  Cam- 
bridge; S.  P.  Weisenstein,  Center;  E.  M.  Nelson,  Center;  A.  S.  T.  Johnston, 
Jackson;  J.  B.  Shafer,  Jackson;  William  F.  Wishart,  Jefferson;  James  Mc- 
Kahan,  Jefferson;  J.  H.  Howell.  Knox;  J.  F.  Martin.  Knox;  H.  J.  Beaten- 
head.  Liberty;  S.  L.  Madden.  Londonderry;  John  Morton.  Londonderry; 
John  T.  Wyrick,  Madison;  A.  C.  St.  Clair,  Madison:  J.  B.  Hartley.  Millwood; 
F.  W.  St.  Clair.  Millwood. 


Among  the  early  lawyers  who  practiced  at  the  Guernse)  county  bar  were 
Samuel  Culbertson  and  Gen.  C.  B.  Goddard.  They  were  able  lawyers,  and 
traveled  from  county  to  county  on  horseback,  with  their  books  and  papers  in 
saddle-bags.  Many  anecdotes  are  told  of  these  two.  mostly  opposing  counsels 
in  the  cases  thev  engaged  in.     Samuel  Culbertson  was  tall,  bony  and  wiry, 


and  quick  to  make  a  point  against  his  opponent.  They  were  the  opposing 
counsel  in  a  case  where  one  party  had  sued  another  for  befouling  a  well  in 
the  construction  of  a  dam,  rendering  the  water  impure.  General  Goddard. 
in  his  speech  to  the  jury,  exhibited  a  glass  of  the  water,  and  spoke  of  its  pur- 
ity and  clearness,  and  making  the  point  that  such  clear,  sparkling  water 
(  shaking  the  glass )  could  not  be  impure,  and  seemed  to  be  carrying  the  jury 
with  him.  Culbertson,  when  he  arose  to  reply,  picked  up  the  glass,  and  re- 
minded the  jury  of  what  Goddard  had  said,  placed  the  glass  on  the  table 
before  Goddard,  and  holding  up  a  silver  dollar,  said,  "Gentlemen  of  the  jury, 
I'll  give  General  Goddard  this  dollar  if  he  will  drink  that  glass  of  pure 
water."  Culbertson  knew  that  General  Goddard  was  too  dignified  to  accept 
such  an  offer,  and  his  refusal  had  its  effect  on  the  jury,  and  he  won  the  case 
for  his  client.  This  occurred  later  than  the  Chandlersville  hoax,  and  was  a 
game  of  hocus  pocus  between  two  lawyers.  General  Goddard  was  a  man  of 
great  dignity  and  pride  of  character,  in  his  profession,  and  made  it  a  point 
only  to  do  business  in  his  office.  A  deputy  sheriff  of  Muskingum  county, 
having  a  writ  of  execution  to  serve,  met  General  Goddard,  who  was  the 
prosecuting  lawyer  in  the  case,  on  the  street,  and  said  to  him,  "What  shall  I 
do  if  some  one  else  claims  the  property?"  He  replied,  "I  don't  do  business 
in  the  street."  A  day  or  two  afterwards  the  General  met  the  deputy  sheriff 
at  the  postoffice,  and  asked  the  result  of  his  business.  The  deputy  said, 
"You  will  have  to  call  at  the  sheriff's  office;  I  don't  do  business  in  the  post- 
office."  Goddard  called  at  the  sheriff's  office,  and  was  told  what  was  done. 
I  well  remember  of  seeing  the  tall,  commanding  figures  of  Henry  Stanbury 
and  "Wilson  Shannon,  who  were  occasional  practitioners  at  the  Cambridge 
bar,  three  score  years  ago;  of  Chauncey  Dewey,  of  Cadiz;  the  Hon.  Edwin 
AT.  Stanton,  the  great  war  secretary,  who  began  his  practice  in  partnership 
with  Dewey,  and  also  Hon.  Benjamin  Tappan.  He  was  cross-eyed,  and 
called  "Old  Gimblet  Eyes."  It  was  said  of  Judge  Tappan  that  he  was  en- 
gaged in  the  trial  of  a  case  in  the  early  days,  when  there  were  a  "thousand 
judges  on  the  bench,  one  and  three  naughts."  Judge  Hallock  was  the  pre- 
siding judge.  One  of  the  associate  judges  lived  three  miles  in  the  country, 
and  was  in  the  habit  of  coming  in  on  court  days  on  horseback  with  his  saddle- 
bags, his  dinner  in  one  bag,  and  oats  for  the  horse  in  the  other.  After  the 
noon  recess,  Judge  Tappan  was  to  begin  his  argument  to  the  jury.  Tappan 
arose,  addressed  the  court,  and  began.  Judge  Hallock  interrupted  him,  say- 
ing. "Brother  Tappan,  there  is  no  quorum  ;  you  will  wait  for  Brother ." 

Tappan  replied.  "Are  his  saddle-bags  under  the  bench?"  "Yes,"  "Then  I 
will  go  on  with  my  plea;  they  will  do  just  as  well." 


By  the  Guernsey  Times  of  1826-48  one  learns  the  names  of  many  of 
the  legal  practitioners  of  those  early  days.  Among  them  were  \Y.  \Y.  Tracey, 
whose  card  frequently  appears  in  the  Times  from  1826  on,  and  who  was 
later  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  a  prominent  editor  of  the  Tillies  beginning 
with  December.  [834,  and  Isaac  I'arrish,  later  a  member  of  the  noted  firm  of 
Parrish  &  Gaston,  attorneys  and  counsellors  at  law.  Among  noted  lawyers 
of  the  county  may  be  mentioned  : 

1838 — Cowen  &  Longlev,  Washington. 

1843— Rnshlield  &  Hunter  (J.  M.  Bushfield  and  William  Hunter). 

1843 — Ferguson  &  Grimes,  Cambridge. 

1846 — T.  W.  Tipton,  Cambridge. 

1844 — Kennon  &  White.  Cambridge. 

1845 — Evans  &   Rainey,   Fairview. 

1845 — Cowen  &  Grimes  (B.  S.  Cowen  and  J.  J.  Grimes),  Cambridge. 

1846 — Davis  Green,  Cambridge. 

183] — John  D.  Tingle,  Cambridge. 

1847 — Samuel  Bell,  Cambridge. 

1847 — Evans  &  Scott  (Nathan  Evans  and  Erastus  H.  Scott),  Cam- 

[853 — J.  M.  Bushfield  and  W.  R.  Buchanan.  Cambridge. 

1853 — H.  Skinner,  Cambridge. 

1850 — Thomas  W.  Peacock,  Cambridge. 

1850 — T.  W.  Campbell,  Cambridge. 

1856 — L.  W.  Borton.  Cambridge. 

1856 — F.  Creighton  and  J.  O.  Grimes,  Cambridge. 

[856— J.  W.  White.  Cambridge. 

1856 — Gaston  and  W.  R.  Wagstaff,  Cambridge. 

1856 — Evans  and  Haynes,  Cambridge. 

1857 — J.  H.  Collins.  Cambridge, 

1857 — Casey  &  Atherton.  Cambridge. 

1857 — V.  and  J.  Haynes.  Cambridge  and  Zanesville. 


The  following  is  an  additional  list  of  lawyers  who  have  practiced  before 
the  Guernsey  county  bar  at  different  times: 


Samuel  Herrick,  Cambridge,  and  all  of  the  following  at  Cambridge: 
Alexander  Harper,  Isaac  Parish,  William  W.  Tracey,  Zaccheus  Beatty, 
Thomas  W.  Peacock,  Nathan  Evans,  Ezra  Evans,  John  Ferguson,  Jacob  J. 
Grimes,  John  Morton,  Cyrus  Linn,  Anthony  Tennis  (of  Birmingham),  Robert 
Titneck,  William  B.  Abbott,  Mathew  Gaston;  Joseph  Johnston,  Fairview; 
James  Rheinhart,  Fairview;  Samuel  Armstrong,  Fairview;  Joseph  Ferrel. 
Washington;  John  B.  Longley,  Washington;  James  Reinhart,  Senecaville; 
Erastus  Scott,  Cumberland;  James  Casey,  Cumberland;  Francis  Creighton, 
and  the  following,  all  of  Cambridge:  James  O.  Grimes,  Vincent  Haines, 
William  Wall,  George  W.  Phillips. 


The  present  (1910)  officials  of  the  Guernsey  county  court  are  as  follows : 
Hon.  William  H.  Johnson,  presiding  judge,  Zanesville,  Ohio;  Hon.  A.  A. 
Frazier,  judge,  Zanesville,  Ohio;  Hon.  J.  M.  McGinnis,  judge,  Caldwell, 
Ohio;  Charles  S.  Sheppard,  prosecuting  attorney;  H.  K.  Moore,  sheriff; 
John  S.  Berry,  deputy  sheriff  (after  January,  1911);  Elza  D.  Trott,  clerk; 
Clara  Linn,  deputy  clerk,  and  Orrin  B.  Booth,  stenographer. 


Bell,  James  W.,  Cambridge;  Barber,  N.  H.,  Cambridge;  Brown,  W.  H., 
Fairview;  Bonnell,  T.  A.,  Cambridge;  Carnes,  S.  C,  Cambridge;  Carpenter, 
W.  A..  Freeport;  Campbell,  J.  W.,  Cambridge;  Collins,  W.  C,  Cambridge; 
Deselm.  T.  R..  Cambridge;  Dugan,  G  D.,  Cambridge;  Douglas,  J.  L., 
Quaker  City;  Enos,  B.  F.,  Cambridge;  Eagleson,  Freeman  T.,  Cambridge; 
Eagleton.  William,  Craig;  Ferguson,  J.  B.,  Cambridge;  Flood,  A.  B.,  Byes- 
ville;  Garber,  L.  S.,  Pleasant  City;  Gregg.  Watson  H.,  Cambridge;  Haw- 
thorne, Edmund,  Cambridge:  Joyce,  James,  Cambridge;  Johnson,  S.  M.,  Fair- 
view;  Luccock,  H.  W.,  Cambridge;  McCulloch,  A.  R.,  Cambridge;  Mathews, 
E.  W.,  Cambridge;  Mathews,  E.  W.,  Jr.,  Cambridge;  Mackey,  J.  H.,  Cam- 
bridge; Purkey,  Joseph,  Cumberland;  Rosemond,  Fred  L.,  Cambridge;  Scott, 
Robert  T.,  Cambridge;  Smallwood,  J.  W.,  Cambridge;  Stewart,  W.  W..  Cam- 
bridge; Stevens,  A.  L.,  Cambridge;  Sheppard,  Charles,  Cambridge;  Stubbs, 
I.  E.,  Quaker  City;  Turnbaugh.  C.  S..  Cambridge;  Troette.  J.  A.,  Cambridge; 
Turner,  John  P.,  Cambridge;  Turner.  Milton.  Jr..  Cambridge:  Wells,  O.  V., 
Cambridge;  Weyer,  Clara  L.,  Cambridge;  Webster,  Edson  C,  Quaker  City. 


iy  new  country,  the  family 

doctor  is  as  neces- 

responsibility  rests  on  him- 

-  -the  diseases  coin- 

1  speedy  attention  and  the  li 

ves  of  men,  women 

sary  as  any  other  man.  I 
cidenl  to  the  pioneer  peri( 
and  children  are  often  in  the  good  physician's  hands.  In  health  and  vigor 
all  persons  revolt  at  the  sight  of  the  medicine  ease  and  the  surgeon's  knife, 
and  sometimes  they  say  many  hard  things  against  the  medical  practitioner, 
yet  when  the  fevered  brow  and  quickened  pulse  is  felt,  when  all  life  looks 
dark  with  gloom  and  doubt  scattered  in  thick  clouds  before  us.  it  is  then  that 
the  family  doctor,  even  in  the  days  of  "saddle-bags,"  was  a  welcome  caller 
in  the  sick  chamber,  for  he  it  was  who  generally  understood  how  to  place  the 
sick  one  in  possession  of  health  and  strength  again.  The  disciples  of  Galen 
have  ever  been  closely  allied  with  the  first  settlers  of  a  count}-.  They  have 
braved  the  storms  of  mid-winter  and  the  heat  of  mid-summer;  they  have  gone 
on  foot  and  on  horseback,  crossing  angry  streams,  by  the  light  of  day  and 
through  the  darkness  of  the  night,  often  against  pelting  storms,  in  order 
to  reach  the  suffering  sick  in  need  of  their  ministrations. 

It  should  be  said  that  with  the  passing  of  the  last  half  century,  medical 
science  has  made  a  wonderful  advance.  Methods  have  been  changed  and  a 
real  revolution  wrought — especially  in  surgery.  The  great  colleges  and  uni- 
versities have  educated  a  vast  army  of  competent  physicians  and  surgeons 
who  have  progressed  to  a  point  where  diseases  once  thought  incurable  have 
come  to  be  looked  upon  as  simple  in  treatment.  The  per  cent,  of  cases  lost 
now  is  very  small  compared  to  the  days  when  Guernsey  county  was  first  set- 
tled. Every  county  owes  much  to  the  good,  faithful  physician,  who  often 
goes  unpaid  for  his  services,  but  never  refuses  to  administer  to  the  needs 
of  those  in  distress,  even  among  the  poor  and  unfortunate  who  are  entirely 
unable  to  pay. 

Coming  down  to  the  early  days  of  Guernsey  county,  let  it  be  remarked 
that  the  pioneer  doctor  was  as  capable  as  others  of  his  day  and  generation 
in  Ohio.  It  is  to  be  regretted  that  no  more  complete  record  of  the  lives  of 
these  faithful  doctors  can  be  given  than  is  possible  to  here  narrate. 



The  following  paper  was  prepared  by  Dr.  Clark  A.  Moore,  of  Cam- 
bridge, at  the  time  of  the  city's  centennial — or  jubilee — celebration  in  1906: 

"This  is  our  centennial, — our  jubilee  year, — completing  as  it  does  the 
first  century  of  our  city's  existence.  It  has  been,  in  spite  of  the  financial  de- 
pressions and  social  disorders,  the  most  noted  century  of  the  world's  history 
in  the  advancement  made  in  medical  science.  Investigation  and  discovery, 
in  regard  to  the  nature,  causes  and  prevention  of  disease,  has  given  the  pro- 
fession such  a  mastery  over  the  ills  that  afflict  mankind  that  the  average 
years  of  human  life  have  been  largely  increased.  The  use  of  disinfectants 
and  anesthetics  has  made  possible  and  comparatively  safe  surgical  opera- 
tions that  would  have  been,  even  fifty  years  ago,  impossible  and  not  to  be 
attempted.  Nevertheless,  after  all  of  these  discoveries  and  improvements 
which  add  so  greatly  to  the  happiness  and  comfort  as  well  as  safety  of  the 
community,  and  render  the  practice  of  the  profession  so  much  more  certain 
and  successful,  yet  these  old  doctors  who  practiced  when  Cambridge  was 
young  are  worthy  of  all  honor.  They  contended  with  difficulties  of  which 
those  of  the  present  time  can  have  little  conception.  They  spent  their  days 
and  often  their  nights  in  the  saddle,  traversing  roads  scarcely  passable, 
through  the  unbroken  wilderness  and  over  bridgeless  streams,  to  minister  to 
the  humane  wants  of  mankind  whenever  and  wherever  needed,  and  thus 
opened  up  the  way  to  the  more  certain,  successful  and  easier  practice  of  today. 
The  names  of  these  old  doctors  would  grace  the  pages  of  history  of  Cam- 
bridge— indeed  such  a  history  would  be  incomplete  without  them.  They  had 
the  respect,  love  and  confidence  of  their  patrons  and  when  the  old  doctor  died 
the  people  mourned. . 

"Among  the  earliest  of  these  away  back  in  the  twenties,  when  Cambridge 
was  not  much  of  a  town,  were  three  Frenchman.  Dr.  Francis  Donchonchett. 
La  Rive  and  Bill.  In  1824  Robert  Thompson  gave  this  notice  to  the  public : 
'Dr.  R.  Thompson  gives  this  notice  to  the  public  from  Crooked  creek,  Mus- 
kingum county,  that  he  may  be  found  at  his  residence,  one  mile  east  of  Proud- 
fit's  meeting-house.  He  will  attend  to  all  calls  in  the  line  of  his  profession.' 
He  was  one  of  the  first  physicians  along  the  old  Wheeling  road  from  Beumers- 
town  to  Proudfit's  meeting-house,  near  New  Concord.  His  brother,  Dr.  John 
B.  Thompson,  resided  in  Cambridge  and  was  the  defendant  in  the  first  mal- 
practice suit  in  Guernsey  county.  This  action  was  for  failure  to  reset  a 
broken  ankle;  it  was  tried  in  the  courts  of  this  county  and  then  taken  to  the 
supreme  court  of  the  state,  where  Doctor  Thompson  won  the  case.     Another 

i.i   ERNSE'V     COUN  rv,    OHIO.  205 

was  the  eccentric  Dr.  John  Kell.  who  practiced  among  the  Irish  in  the  early 
history  of  Cambridge;  he  claimed  to  be  a  graduate  in  surgery  of  t he  Royal 
Society  of  Dublin. 

"Another  announcement,  in  [824,  was  that  of  Dr.  Thomas  Miller,  which 
reads  thus:  'Dr.  Thomas  Miller,  M.  1)..  offers  his  services  to  the  citizens  of 
Cambridge  and  vicinity.  Shop  in  the  brick  house  lately  occupied  by  Mrs. 
Talbot'      [John  1!.  Thompson's]. 

"Dr.  [gnatius  (V Fan-ill  located  in  Cambridge  in  [831.  Drs.  S.  P.  limit 
and  J.  G.  F.  Holston,  father  of  Doctor  Holston,  of  Zanesville,  were  located  in 
Cambridge  in  1830.  Following  these  came  Drs.  Milton  Green.  J.  P.  Tingle, 
Vincent  Haynes,  Daniel  Ferbache,  and  S.  B.  Clark,  whom  1  remember  as 
being  my  father's  family  physician  when  1  was  a  child.  Later  in  the  history 
of  Cambridge  came  Drs.  Milton  Hoge,  J.  C.  Taylor,  G.  L.  Arnold,  J.  W. 
McCall,  and  Dr.  Andrew  Wall,  a  man  whom  I  esteemed  greatly,  having  twice 
been  his  pupil  in  the  public  schools  in  my  youth,  ami  later  in  his  office  as  a 
medical  student.  His  name  was  a  household  word  in  the  homes  of  Guernsey 

"This  brings  us  down  to  the  present-day  physicians.  They  are  all  hand- 
some gentlemen  and  good  doctors,  and  are  too  well  known  to  the  people  of 
Cambridge  and  vicinity  to  require  special  mention.  This  imperfect  resume 
shows  what  magnificent  progress  has  been  made  in  the  past  hundred  years. 
I  thank  God  it  has  been  my  lot  to  live  at  the  close  of  the  nineteenth  century. 
It  is  the  golden  age  of  the  world.  There  has  been  nothing  like  it  in  history. 
When  our  labors  close  we  can  depart  in  peace  for  our  eyes  have  seen  the 
glory  of  the  coming  of  the  Lord." 

The  following  shows  the  style  of  early  doctors  in  advertising: 


respectfully  offers  to  the  citizens  of  Cambridge  and  country  a  continuance  of 
his  professional  services.  lie  may  he  found  after  night  at  the  residence  of 
Mr.  William  McCracken,  north  of  the  court  house.  Office,  next  door  to  the 
former  office  of  Miller  &  Clark. 

"March  24.  1841."  — Guernsey  Times.    1S41. 

"The    undersigned    respectfully    requests    those    owing   him    for    medical 
services  or  otherwise  to  liquidate  either  the  whole  or  a  part  of  their  indebt- 


edness,  as  it  is  actually  necessary  that  he  should  have  money  to  pay  his  own 
as  well  as  the  dehts  of  several  other  persons  which  he  has  unfortunately  be- 
come liable  for.  A  few  dollars  from  each  person  who  has  received  his  ser- 
vices, will  enable  him  to  meet  the  demands  against  him. 

"X.  B. — The  undersigned  returns  his  thanks  to  his  numerous  friends 
fur  the  liberal  patronage  he  has  received  since  he  has  resided  in  Cambridge, 
and  informs  them  and  the  public  generally  that  he  shall  continue  to  practice 
the  different  branches  of  his  profession. 

"Milton  Green. 

"Cambridge,  September  6,  1845." 

— Guernsey  Times,  Oct.  11,   1845. 

That  there  is  nothing  new  under  the  sun  is  fitly  shown  by  the  curious- 
advertisements  of  the  early  doctors.  They  widely  exploited  the  efficacy  of 
certain  medicines  or  "healers"  for  the  cure  or  relief  of  every  imaginable  ail- 
ment. It  was  considered  that  electricity  had  virtue  in  the  treatment  of  a  wide 
variety  of  diseases,  as  is  testified  by  the  following  advertisement,  appearing 
in  the  Guernsey  Times  for  June  29,  1854. 


"Doctor  Barnes,  Electropathic  Physician  and  Surgeon,  has  taken  rooms 
in  the  residence  of  Mrs.  Abell.  where,  for  a  short  time,  he  proposes  to  treat 
persons  afflicted  with  Diseased  Eyes,  Deafness,  Fits,  Insanity,  Spinal  Affec- 
tions, Paralysis.  Rheumatism,  Dyspepsia,  Liver  Complaint.  Palpitation  of  the 
Heart,  Female  Diseases,  etc.,  exclusively  by  electricity.  Those  affected  with 
any  of  the  above  named  diseases  would  do  well  to  call  soon  at  his  rooms,  and 
inquire  into  his  mode  of  treatment." 

Of  Dr.  Andrew  Wall,  who  died  in  1898,  then  the  oldest  physician  in  the 
county,  the  Times  in  April  of  that  year  said,  in  speaking  of  his  funeral : 

"Dr.  Andrew  Wall,  the  veteran  physician  of  Cambridge,  whose  goings  up 
and  down  the  town  and  country  on  errands  of  healing  has  been  the  expected 
for  over  forty  years,  passed  into  the  borderland  last  Sabbath  morning.  April 
17.  [898.  He  was  stricken  about  three  weeks  before  and  seemed  aware  that 
his  disease  was  unto  death,  that  the  art  of  healing  was  powerless  to  relieve 
the  worn-out  body,  and  that  his  labors  for  afflicted  humanity  were  finished. 
He  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1829.  and  came  to  this 
state  with  his  parents.  He  was  educated  at  Muskingum  College.  Ann  Arbor 
University,  and  the  Ohio  Medical  College  in  Cincinnati.     He  was  married  to 



Miss  Bridget  Call  in  [855  and  came  to  Cambridge  the  same  year.  Five 
children  were  born  to  them,  and  all  survive  with  the  exception  of  a  son,  who 
died  in  infancy.  The  mother  of  the  family  died  in  the  summer  of  [884. 
The  children  are  Cory  L.  Wall,  the  accomplished  pharmacist,  Miss  Lizzie,  a 
teacher  in  our  schools,  Mrs.  Ross  E.  Moore  and  Miss  Sallie.  In  recent  years 
Doctor  Wall  married  Mrs.  Jennie  Meredith,  who  survives  him.  Dr.  David 
Wall,  of  Indianapolis,  and  Mrs.  Dr.  M.  Hawes,  of  Claysville,  are  the  only 
remaining  members  of  the  Doctor's  immediate  family.  During  the  war  Doc- 
tor Wall  went  to  the  front  as  surgeon  of  the  Seventy-seventh  Ohio  Volun- 
teer Infantry  and  served  to  the  end  of  the  war.  He  was  division  surgeon 
of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad,  and  chief  surgeon  for  the  Columbus  & 
Marietta  road.  The  funeral  took  place  from  his  late  residence  on  West 
Eighth  street,  and  was  largely  attended.  The  Masonic  order,  of  which  he 
was  a  member,  held  impressive  services  at  the  grave  .Monday  afternoon. 

"The  familiar  form  of  the  old  family  physician,  whose  presence  at  the  bed- 
side of  many  of  the  homes  in  our  city  and  county  brought  cheer  and  hope,  has 
vanished  from  our  midst.  Who  can  estimate  the  self-sacrifice,  the  labor  and 
weariness  that  over  four  decades  of  medical  practice  may  mean.  The  night 
as  well  as  the  day  finds  him  always  ready  and  equipped  for  the  hasty  sum- 
mons to  relieve  the  distressed  and  afflicted,  with  no  tarrying  for  favorable 
weather  conditions.  All  others  wait  for  fair  weather  and  good  roads,  hut  the 
doctor  is  generally  supposed  to  wear  a  coat  of  mail  that  is  alike  impervious 
to  the  attacks  of  weather  and  disease.  A  busy  life  is  ended.  The  city  paused 
to  pay  tribute  in  attending  the  last  sad  rites,  and  fellow  teachers  extended  their 
sympathy  to  the  sorrowing  daughter  by  the  dismissal  of  their  schools.  The 
grave  is  closed  over  him;  he  sleeps  upon  the  hillside,  but  many  remembrances 
of  his  services  will  linger  in  the  homes  of  Cambridge." 

Dr.  Andrew  Wall  came  to  this  count}-  in  1845.  "ben  sixteen  years  of 
age.  He  attended  the  medical  department  of  the  University  of  Michigan,  at 
Ann  Arbor,  where  he  laid  the  foundation  for  his  future  medical  and  surgical 
skill.  He  completed  his  studies  under  the  tutorship  of  that  most  excellent 
Cambridge  physician.  Dr.  Vincent  Haynes,  and  with  him  first  engaged  in 
actual  practice.  In  1862  he  took  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine  at  the 
Ohio  Medical  College  at  Cincinnati,  and  then  enlisted  as  assistant  surgeon  in 
the  Seventy-seventh  Regiment,  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  and  one  year  later 
was  promoted  to  surgeon,  which  position  he  held  until  r866.  The  next  year 
he  formed  a  partnership  in  medicine  with  Dr.  William  Clark,  continuing  until 
[868.  With  the  passing  of  the  years  Doctor  Wall  devoted  many  years  to 
the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession  and  became  very  skillful.     It  is  believed 


that  Doctor  Wall  was  the  most  eminent  physician  who  ever  practiced  medi- 
cine and  surgery  in  Guernsey  county — so  stated  by  old  present-day  doctors 
who  knew  of  his  life's  work. 

Another  member  of  the  medical  fraternity  in  this  county,  but  who  did  not 
long  continue  in  practice,  was  Dr.  Charles  Perry  Simons,  eldest  son  of  John 
White  and  Hester  Ann  Simons.  He  was  born  at  Zanesville  in  1842.  The 
father  was  engaged  in  the  iron  foundry  business,  both  in  Zanesville  and 
Cambridge,  until  he  died  in  1871.  After  his  death  the  large  business  interests 
were  carried  on  by  his  sons.  Doctor  Simons  came  with  his  parents  to  Cam- 
bridge in  1855  and  was  educated  for  a  physician  at  the  University  of  Mich- 
igan, but  had  only  partly  completed  his  studies  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out. 
He  had  also  taken  a  course  at  the  Ohio  Medical  College  in  Cincinnati,  from 
which  he  graduated  in  1863.  In  the  spring  of  1862  he  was  interrupted  by  the 
war  cry  and  became  an  assistant  surgeon.  He  was  able,  apt  and  quick  to 
act.  He  was  said  to  have  been  the  youngest  assistant  surgeon  in  the  United 
States  army  when  he  entered  the  Union  ranks.  He  was  later  made  acting 
surgeon  for  the  Fourteenth  Army  Corps.  He  was  with  General  Sherman  on 
that  famous  "March  to  the  Sea,"  and  when  mustered  out  was  tendered  a 
good  position  in  the  regular  army  at  Washington,  but  declined. 

His  father's  death  in  1871  changed  his  life  plans  somewhat  and  he  had 
much  to  do  with  conducting  the  foundry  business  in  company  with  his  elder 
brothers.  His  practice  thus  interfered  with,  he  finally  became  a  specialist  as  a 
surgeon  and  treated  eye  and  ear  diseases.  He  was  quite  a  politician  and  ran 
for  state  senator  on  the  Republican  ticket,  and  was  defeated,  but  cut  down 
the  Democratic  majority  largely.  He  had  congressional  ambitions  and  doubt- 
less would  have  been  the  candidate  had  the  district  not  been  changed  at  that 

Dr.  Samuel  Hunt,  father  of  Hon.  Samuel  Hunt,  lived  on  the  lot  of 
recent  years  occupied  by  Richardson  &  Shairer's  block,  West  Wheeling  ave- 
nue. He  sold  his  place  to  Dr.  Milton  Green  and  moved  to  Morrow,  Butler 
county,  Ohio,  in  1843.  The  interesting  account  of  his  removal  by  flat-boat 
down  the  waters  of  Wills  creek,  Muskingum  river  to  the  mouth  of  the  Little 
Miami  and  so  on  to  Morrow,  is  given  elsewhere  in  this  book. 

Dr.  William  K.  Bolan,  who  practiced  at  Cumberland  since  1879.  was  a 
graduate  of  Columbus  Medical  College.  His  ancestors  were  from  Virginia, 
and  the  son  was  born  in  Loudoun  county,  that  state.  November  5.  1S57. 
He  began  teaching  school  when  sixteen  years  old,  and  began  to  study  medi- 
cine in  his  eighteenth  year,  in  Columbus,  graduating  in  1879,  and  moving 
to  Cumberland  began  what  proved  to  be  a  successful  practice  of  medicine. 


Among-  the  most  prominent  physicians  within  Guernsey  county  was  Dr. 
Noah  Hill,  of  Senecaville.  He  was  born  in  Westmoreland  county,  Pennsyl- 
vania, in  1809  and  died  in  Senecaville,  Ohio,  in  1894.  He  came  of  good  old 
Revolutionary  stock,  of  German  ancestry,  which  went  back  further  into 
France  and  were  among  the  Huguenots.  The  Doctor  graduated  from  the  Cin- 
cinnati Medical  College  in  1833.  lie  came  to  Senecaville  and  formed  a  part- 
nership with  Doctor  Baldwin,  who  died  in  1844.  Up  to  1862  Doctor  Hill 
practiced  alone,  but  then  his  son  was  admitted  to  practice  with  his  father. 
The  young  Hill  was  named  John.  Later  the  father  was  with  Dr.  W.  Scott 
until  1887,  after  which  the  good  Doctor  did  but  little  except  an  office  prac- 
tice. He  was  a  noted  politician  and  his  views  on  the  slavery  question  caused 
him  to  leave  the  Methodist  church  and  join  the  Wesleyan  church.  He  was 
first  a  Whig,  then  later  a  Free-soiler  and  last  a  Republican.  He  cast  one  of 
the  first  three  Abolition  votes  in  Guernsey  county,  and  assisted  many  a  slave 
in  getting  over  the  "underground  railway"  north  into  Canada  and  to  freedom. 

Dr.  Harry  W.  Holmes  began  the  practice  of  medicine  in  Cumberland  in 
the  spring  of  1883,  being  a  graduate  from  Columbus  Medical  College.  He 
descended  from  an  old  English  family  who  settled  in  Virginia.  Harry  \Y. 
was  born  in  Newport,  Sauk  county,  Wisconsin,  in  1855.  His  youth  was 
passed  in  Cumberland,  Ohio.  He  clerked  in  his  father's  store  and  began  the 
study  of  medicine  in  1877  with  Dr.  Charles  Draper.  He  graduated  from 
the  Baltimore  Medical  College  in  1883.  He  became  a  bright  Mason  and  fre- 
quently contributed  to  medical  journals.     Politically  he  was  a  Republican. 

Dr.  Jonathan  A.  Kackley  has  been  a  leading  physician  at  old  Point  Pleas- 
ant (Pleasant  City)  since  1882,  when  he  graduated  from  Columbus  Medical 
College  and  had  attended  Michigan  University,  giving  him  a  double  course  in 
medicine.  He  was  born  in  1857  in  what  was  Buffalo  township,  this  county, 
and  from  his  earliest  days  desired  to  become  a  physician  and  has  succeeded 
well  in  his  chosen  role,  as  physician  and  surgeon. 

Dr.  Thomas  J.  Miller,  of  Kimbolton,  this  county,  was  four  years  en- 
gaged in  merchandising  there  and  served  as  mayor  of  the  village,  lie  was 
born  in  Antrim,  this  county,  in  1849,  tne  son  °f  David  L.  Miller  and  wife. 
He  followed  school  teaching  for  a  time  after  be  reached  manhood.  Taking 
up  the  study  of  medicine  in  the  seventies,  he  graduated  from  the  Columbus 
Medical  College  in  1878,  and  first  located  in  Kansas,  where  he  practiced  until 
1886.  when  he  entered  the  Cincinnati  Medical  College,  taking  a  full  course 
there,  and  then  went  to  Topeka,  Kansas,  but  on  account  of  illness  returned 
to  this  county  and  practiced  in  Cambridge  for  a  number  of  years.     He  was 



again  incapacitated  on  account  of  sickness  and  retired  from  medicine  and 
engaged  in  business  in  company  with  W.  C.  McConaughey. 

Dr.  Winfield  Scott,  who  has  been  so  well  known  as  the  family  physician 
at  the  village  of  Senecaville  for  many  years,  was  born  in  1848  on  his  father's 
farm.  He  graduated  from  the  Normal  University  at  Lebanon,  Ohio,  taking 
a  practical  English  and  scientific  course,  ending  it  in  1872,  gaining  a  Bache- 
lor of  Arts  degree.  He  then  taught  school  three  years  and  took  up  medi- 
cine by  entering  the  office  of  Doctor  Wall  of  Cambridge.  He  spent  a  year 
at  Ann  Arbor.  Michigan,  and  one  year  at  the  Cincinnati  Medical  College, 
graduating  from  that  school  in  1877.  He  then  located  at  Point  Pleasant,  this 
county,  going  to  Senecaville  in  1879,  where  he  had  for  a  partner  Dr.  Noah 
Hill.     Later  he  practiced  alone. 

Dr.  Charles  R.  Austin,  one  of  Byesville's  practicing  physicians,  has  come 
to  be  one  of  the  busiest  citizens  of  the  town.  As  early  as  1907  he  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  education;  secretary  of  the  Artificial  Stone  Company; 
postmaster  of  Byesville;  an  active  member  of  the  improvement  committee, 
of  the  Merchants  and  Professional  Men's  Club;  a  member  of  the  Knights  of 
Pythias  lodge,  the  Elks  Club  of  Cambridge  and  alive  to  all  the  interests  of  his 
home  town. 


By  careful  research  in  old  files  and  from  the  memory  of  pioneer  doctors, 
the  following  list  has  been  compiled  of  the  doctors  who  practiced  here  in  the 
long  ago  years.  The  dates  opposite  the  name  indicate  that  they  were  in 
practice,  at  least  at  that  date : 

1826 — Dr.  A.  C.  Thompson,  Cambridge. 

1837 — Dr.  J.  C.  McCollough,  Claysville  and  Cambridge. 

1837— Dr.  S.  P.  Hunt.  Cambridge. 

1837— Dr.  T.  Nichol.  Washington. 

1 84 1 — Dr.  Thomas  Miller.  Cambridge. 

1837 — Dr.  Cope,  Middletown,   formerly  Cadiz   (botanical). 

1840 — Dr.  Milton  Green,  Antrim,  later  Cambridge;  he  became  one  of 
the  leading  doctors  of  the  county. 

1841 — Dr.  James  Green,  Cambridge. 

1841— Dr.  S.  B.  Clark,  Cambridge. 

1838— Dr.  J.  McFarland,  Washington. 

1833 — Dr.  William  Bradshaw.  Fairview. 

1835 — Dr.  J.  G.  F.  Holston,  Cambridge,  became  house  physician  to  tbe 
White  House  for  President  Lincoln's  family. 


1839— Dr.  John  P.  Tingle,  Cambridge. 

1833 — Dr.  Enos  Thomas,  Washington. 

1832 — Dr.  John  B.  Thompson,  Cambridge. 

1832 — Dr.  I.  O'Farrall,  Cambridge. 

1832 — Dr.  J.  G.  Moore,  Cambridge. 

1833 — Dr.  Andrew  Patterson,  Washington. 

1825 — Dr.  C.  A.  Harris,  Cambridge. 

1 84 7—  Dr.  J.  T.  Clark,  Cambridge. 

[853— Dr.  M.  K.  Wright,  Millwood. 

1853 — Vincent  Haynes,  Cambridge.  He  finally  practiced  law  and  died 
at  Cambridge. 

1853 — Drs.  McConnell  and  Bell,  Middletown. 

1853— Dr.  W.  S.  Bell,  Middletown. 

[854 — Dr.  R.  S.  Barr,  Cambridge. 

1856 — Dr.  Andrew  Wall,  Cambridge — see  sketch. 

1857 — Dr.  Milton  Hoge,  Cambridge,  where  he  died. 

1857 — Dr.  J.  Dunbar,  Cambridge,  now  a  corporation  lawyer  at  Steuben- 
ville,  Ohio. 

Very  early — Dr.  J.  Baldridge,  Senecaville,  a  noted  doctor  and  Aboli- 
tionist connected  with  "underground  railway." 

Very  early — Dr.  Ferguson,  Senecaville. 

Before  the  war  of  the  Rebellion  and  later,  was  Dr.  Charles  P.  Simons, 
now  of  Caldwell,  Ohio,  practicing. 

Dr.  William  E.  Bolan. 

Dr.  Noah  Hill,  Senecaville. 

Dr.  John  Hill,  Senecaville. 

Dr.  Winfield  Scott,  died  in  1909. 

Dr.  Crumbaker,  died  in  Antrim. 

Dr.  Alpin,  Claysville,  an  old  time  doctor. 

Dr.  Ilawes.  Claysville,  died  about  1904;  had  been  an  army  surgeon  in 
Civil  war. 

Dr.   Chapman.  Washington. 

Dr.  Ray,  Washington. 

Dr.    Draper.    Cumberland.      He   was   a   fine   horseman   and    proud    man. 

Dr.  Teeters,  Pleasant  City,  a  noted  doctor  of  his  day. 

Dr.  Connor,  Cumberland. 

Dr.  Bel  ford.  Pleasant  City. 

Dr.  George  Tingle,  Pleasant  City. 

Dr.  Forbes.  Bvesville. 


Dr.  Milton  Shafer,  Senecaville. 

Dr.  Vincent  Ferguson,  Pleasant  City. 

Dr.  Romans,  Quaker  City. 

Dr.  Brashear,  Lore  City,  still  living. 

Dr.  Day,  old-time  doctor  at  Birmingham,  deceased. 

Dr.  W.  M.  George,  Cambridge,  died  in  1904. 

Dr.  Chapman,  Hopewell,  died  1910. 

Dr.  Speers,  a  year  or  so  at  Cambridge  and  moved  away. 


Perhaps  none  of  the  above  came  before  the  following:  Away  back  in 
the  twenties,  came  Dr.  Francis  Donchonchett,  Dr:  La  Rive  and  Doctor  Bill,  all 
three  Frenchmen.  These  were  probably  about  the  pioneer  doctors  to  locate 
here.  Possibly  a  few  may  have  practiced  before  the  above  named,  but  no  one 
seems  now  to  recall  such. 


In  1910  the  physicians  of  the  county  in  active  practice  are  as  follows: 
In  Cambridge—A.  R.  Cain,  W.  N.  Bradford,  W.  B.  Young,  R.  H. 
Cramer,  H.  L.  Wells,  N.  M.  Dewees,  L.  C.  Wells,  C.  A.  Frame,  E.  E.  Vorhies, 
F.  Harrison,  H.  W.  Sims,  A.  B.  Headley,  T.  H.  Rowles,  George  W.  Hixon, 
L.  M.  Ross,  C.  R.  Johnson,  I.  W.  Keenan,  F.  W.  Lane,  W.  G.  Lane,  O.  F. 
Lowry,  F.  M.  Mitchell,  C.  A.  Moore,  H.  H.  Price,  W.  T.  Ramsey,  A.  G. 
Ringer,  C.  D.  Romans. 

W.  B.  Rosmond,  Millinersville;  B.  A.  Sauders,  Winterset;  Dr.  E.  E. 
Bird,  Lore  City;  Dr.  H.  W.  Arndt,  Lore  City;  Dr.  C.  Bates,  Senecaville;  Dr. 
R.  H.  Cleary,  Senecaville;  Dr.  J.  E.  Robins,  Buffalo  (Hartford)  ;  Dr.  O.  S. 
Bay,  Quaker  City;  Dr.  S.  G.  Bay,  Quaker  City;  Dr.  G.  W.  Jones,  Quaker 
City;  Dr.  J.  B.  Hollingworth,  Quaker  City;  Dr.  J.  W.  White,  Salesville;  Dr. 
D.  L.  Cowden,  Kimbolton;  Dr.  William  Lawyer,  Kimbolton;  Dr.  Charles  R. 
Austin,  Byesville;  Dr.  A.  E.  Fletcher,  Byesville;  Dr.  J.  E.  Patton,  Byes- 
ville ;  Doctor  Sprague,  Byesville ;  Dr.  George  C.  Taylor,  Claysville ;  Dr.  E.  L. 
Lowthian,  "Dogtown"  (Mines)  ;  Dr.  W.  K.  Bolon,  Cumberland;  Dr.  H.  W. 
Holmes,  Cumberland ;  Dr.  A.  E.  Walters,  Cumberland ;  Dr.  H.  H.  Bown, 
Pleasant  City;  Dr.  J.  A.  Kackley,  Pleasant  City;  Dr.  D.  F.  Wallenfetz,  Pleas- 
ant City;  Dr.  W.  W.  Lawrence,  Antrim;  Dr.  G.  M.  Witherspoon,  Fairview; 
Dr.  G.  H.  Stout,  Middletown ;  Dr.  A.  J.  Arnold,  Middletown;  Doctor  Thomp- 
son, Washington. 

1,1   ERNSEY 

COUNTY,    i 

hi  in. 


Aside  fn 

,„,  the 

regular  and  h« 



•ians  in  Gu< 



as  just  named 

,  there 

is  an  osteopath 

doctor  in  ( 


idge,  Dr.  J, 

E.  da 

hie.  and 

an  eye  Special 

ist,  Dr. 

II.  A.  Green, 

of  Cambri 



In  common  with  every  county  in  the  state,  Guernsey  has  had  her  full 
share  of  medical  societies,  associations  and  academies.  The  earliest  we  have 
any  definite  knowledge  of  was  in  operation  in  [838.  Its  president  was  Dr. 
II.  II.  Evans  and  the  secretary  was  Dr.  S.  I',.  Clark. 

At  a  meeting  of  this  society  in  November.  1838,  the  full,. wing  fee  hill 
was  adopted : 

"For  per l'i inning  capital  operations,  such  as  ampu- 
tating the  extremities,  trepanning,  etc.,  each.. $20.00 
"For    reducing    fractures    and    dislocations    of    the 

lower  extremities    10.00 

"For    reducing    fractures    and    dislocations    of    the 

upper  extremities   5.00 

"For   attending  parturient   cases    in    town 4.00 

"For  attending"  twin  parturient  cases  in  town 8.00 

"For  consultation  in  town 5.00 

"For  visit  and  medicine,  within  one  mile 1.25 

"For  attendance  and  medicine  in  town,  per  diem.  .      1.00 

"For  every  mile  over  the  first  in  daylight 37 

"For  every  mile  over  the  first  at  night 50 

"For  prescribed  doses  of  medicine,   each 25 

"For   extracting   teeth,    each 25 

"For  bleeding 2$ 

"H.  II.    Evans,    President. 
"S.  B.  Clark,  Secretary." 

After  a  number  of  years  this  medical  society  went  down  and  in  t88o.  or 
about  that  year,  the  Guernsey  County  Medical  Society  (number  two)  was 
organized  by  a  new  set  of  physicians  and  was  made  up  of  the  following  phy- 
sicians: Doctor  Boyd,  of  Kimbolton ;  Doctor  Cain,  of  Senecaville:  Doctor 
Clark,  of  Middletown;  Doctor  McPherson,  of  Cambridge:  Doctor  Henry,  of 
Washington;  Doctor  Patton,  of  Washington:  Dr.  John  Hill,  of  Senecaville; 
Doctor  Romans,  of  Quaker  City;  Doctor  Gildea,  of  New  Gottenger;  Doctor 
Tingle,  of  Cambridge. 


This  continued  until  about  1883,  when  a  new  society  was  formed,  known 
as  the  Guernsey  County  Academy  of  Medicine,  whose  constituent  members 
were:  Doctors  McPherson,  Miller,  both  of  Cambridge;  Doctor  Gildea,  of 
New  Gottenger;  Doctor  Ramsey,  of  Cambridge;  Doctor  Cain,  of  Senecaville; 
Doctor  Scott,  of  Senecaville;  Doctor  Boyd,  of  Kimbolton;  Doctor  Rosmond, 
of  Birmingham. 

After  a  varied  experience,  this  society  served  its  day  and  went  out  of 

In  1904  the  present  Guernsey  County  Medical  Society  was  formed.  Its 
present  officers  are  Doctor  Frame,  of  Cambridge,  president;  Doctor  Mitchell, 
of  Cambridge,  secretary,  and  Doctor  Headley,  of  the  same  city,  treasurer. 
Monthly  meetings  are  kept  up  and  much  interest  is  manifested  by  the  medical 
fraternity.  The  present  membership  will  be  seen  by  the  subjoined  list  of 
physicians  who  belong  to  the  society :  Doctors  Patton  and  Sprague,  of  Byes- 
ville,  and  these,  all  from  Cambridge :  Drs.  William  Bradford,  A.  F.  Cain, 
Cornelius  A.  Frame,  Frederick  Harrison,  Albert  Headley,  G.  W.  Hixon, 
Isaac  W.  Keenan,  Fred  W.  Lane,  W.  G.  Lane,  F.  O.  Lowry,  Frank  M. 
Mitchell,  Clark  A.  Moore,  William  T.  Ramsey,  T.  H.  Bowles,  E.  E.  Vorhies. 

keenan's  hospital. 

Cambridge  has  the  benefits  of  a  first-rate  hospital,  a  private  institution 
where  surgical  operations,  especially,  are  performed  with  great  skill.  When 
Dr.  Isaac  W.  Keenan  located  at  Quaker  City  in  1899,  he  established  a  hospital 
at  that  point,  but  in  1905  he  took  a  special  course  in  surgery  at  the  Chicago 
Post-Graduate  School  and  in  the  autumn  of  1906  removed  his  hospital  from 
Quaker  City  to  Cambridge,  locating  on  the  corner  of  Ninth  street  and  Com- 
ber avenue.  He  gave  up  ordinary  medical  practice  and  devotes  his  entire 
time  to  his  private  hospital,  where  he  has  won  a  great  reputation  and  has 
cases  from  all  parts  of  Ohio  and  adjoining  states.  He  now  has  trained  nurses 
and  they,  in  turn,  teach  the  art  of  nursing  to  others.  He  is  assisted  greatly 
by  his  capable  wife.  The  city  is  fortunate,  indeed,  in  securing  such  an  insti- 
tution, for  in  a  manufacturing  center  and  railroad  place  the  demand  for  a 
near-by  hospital  is  great. 



Since  the  introduction  of  the  printing  press,  all  civilized  portions  of 
the  globe  have  employed  them  for  the  dissemination  of  intelligence  from  one 
class  to  another.  Perhaps  it  goes  undisputed  that  the  art  of  printing  and  the 
invention  of  the  printing  press  has  been  the  greatest  discovery  in  way  of  use- 
ful, universal  achievements  the  world  has  so  far  discovered.  Without  going 
into  the  history  of  the  invention,  or  what  it  has  accomplished  in  all  branches 
of  man's  purposes  to  elevate  and  enlighten,  and  to  Christianize  mankind, 
the  writer  will  at  once  go  at  the  task  of  outlining  the  various  newspapers  that 
have  from  time  to  time  been  published  within  the  limits  of  Guernsey  county. 
If  any  are  omitted  it  is  through  ignorance  and  not  neglect  or  intention,  but 
likely  there  may  have  been  papers  run  for  a  short  period  which  have  escaped 
the  author's  mind,  with  the  passing  of  so  many  years. 

The  first  newspaper  published  in  Guernsey  county  was  the  Guernsey 
Times.     A  history  of  this  paper  is  given  below. 

The  first  Democratic  newspaper  in  the  county  was  the  Washington  Re- 
publican, established  at  Washington  in  1826  by  Messrs.  Hull  and  Robb.  Mr. 
Hull  dropped  out  in  1827  and  Jacob  Robb  was  sole  proprietor.  It  was  sus- 
pended fur  a  time,  but  in  1838  resumed  publication  and  changed  its  name  to 
the  Democratic  Star,  which  the  wicked  Whigs  called  the  "Dog  Star."  Its 
editor  was  Peter  B.  Ankney.  It  continued  until  1847  an(l  was  tnen  succeeded 
by  the  Jeffersonian,  by  Gill  &  Leach.  The  Jeffersonian  is  the  same  as  that 
still  published  at  Cambridge,  having  passed  down  through  various  hands.  The 
chain  is  about  as  follows:  Arthur  T.  Clark  had  it  in  1850;  Lewis  Baker 
edited  the  paper  in  the  first  years  of  the  Civil  war.  and  was  succeeded  as  pro- 
prietor by  Charles  E.  Mitchner,  who  ran  for  Congress.  Following  him  came 
George  McClelland,  who  was  the  successful  man  at  the  head  of  the  paper 
until  he  was  succeeded  by  John  Kirkpatrick,  who  sold  to  John  M.  Amos  111 
January,  1886.  and  in  company  with  his  sons  still  edits  and  owns  the  Jef- 

The  daily  Jeffersonian  was  established  as  the  first  real  daily  publication 
in  the  county.     The  date  of  its  starting  was  in  189 1.  since  which  time  it  has 


not  missed  an  issue  on  a  week  day.  The  weekly  is  now  on  its  seventy-ninth 
volume  and  the  daily  on  its  nineteenth  volume.  It  is  one  of  Ohio's  cleanest, 
most  newsy  newspapers,  and  it  is  an  honor  to  the  newspaper  fraternity  of  this 
county  and  the  entire  state. 

Lewis  Baker,  editor  of  the  Jeifersonian,  carried  under  a  subhead  through- 
out the  Civil  war  these  words :  "Our  country — may  she  ever  be  right.  But, 
right  or  wrong — our  country.  We  are  a  unit;  party  feeling  has  been  entirely 
sunk  all  over  the  North.  Political  parties  now  rally  to  the  defense  of  the 
Union  and  Constitution  and  under  this  banner  every  true  man  worthy  the 
name  American  citizen  can  fight  with  a  good  heart — we  are  a  unit." 

In  1862,  his  motto  was,  "The  Union  as  it  was — the  Constitution  as  it  is. 
The  Union  of  lakes,  the  Union  of  lands — the  Union  of  States  none  can  sever 
— the  Union  of  hearts — the  Union  of  hands — the  American  Union  forever." 

Before  the  Civil  war — in  1850 — the  following  appeared  as  heads  of  edi- 
torials in  September  of  that  year,  and  serve  to  show  that  the  Jcffcrsouiau  has 
ever  been  alert  to  the  interests  of  the  party  and  the  taxpayers  of  this  county : 
"Against  Railroad  Subscriptions,"  "The  Funded  System,"  "Look  Out  for  De- 
ception," "Old  Federalism  Sticking  Out,"  "Stop  that  Falsehood,"  "The  Great- 
est Fraud  of  the  Age."  Then  these  questions  are  submitted:  "Farmers  of 
Guernsey  county,  are  your  taxes  already  high  enough?  Have  they  become  op- 
pressive? Then  let  all  vote  against  railroad  subscription."  "Are  the  land- 
holders of  Guernsey  county  prepared  to  mortgage  their  lands  to  money  lend- 
ers to  the  amount  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars?  Their  vote  against  rail- 
road subscription." 


The  Guernsey  Times  was  founded  by  J.  Aitken,  at  Cambridge,  the  first 
number  being  dated  September  18,  1824.  The  subscription  price  was  set  at 
one  dollar  and  fifty  cents,  if  paid  within  thirty  days  after  the  time  of  sub- 
scribing; two  dollars,  if  paid  within  six  months,  or  two  dollars  and  fifty 
cents  if  not  paid  until  after  the  expiration  of  six  months.  Advertisements 
not  exceeding  a  "square"  were  inserted  three  times  for  one  dollar,  twenty- 
five  cents  for  each  subsequent  insertion.  The  first  volume  of  the  Times 
was  not  much  larger  than  an  ordinary  office  ledger.  The  paper  consisted  of 
four  pages,  each  of  four  columns  of  leaded  brevier,  embellished  with  the 
atrocious  woodcuts  which  were  then  in  the  height  of  popularity,  and  was 
made  up  mainly  of  foreign  and  political  news,  with  now  and  then  a  local  item. 
The  advertisements  were  for  the  greater  part  demands  for  money  by  many 
of  the  merchants,  coupled  with  threats  of  legal  procedure,  and  a  list  of  articles 
■which  would  be  taken  in  lieu  of  coin,  which  was  at  that  time  extremelv  scarce. 


The  first  volume  closed  with  the  number  dated  ( )ctober  15,  1825,  at  which 
time  the  paper  passed  out  of  the  hands  of  Aitken  and  became  the  property  of 
Col.  Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  who  successfully  conducted  it  up  to  the  time  of  his 
death,  December  17,  1827.  after  which  publication  was  continued  b\  his 
widow.  Colonel  Beatty,  upon  assuming-  control,  enlarged  the  paper  to  five 
columns,  and  greatly  improved  the  typography  and  general  appearance  of  tin- 
sheet.     The  published  terms  of  the  paper  were  as  follows: 

"The  Guernsey  Times  will  be  published  one  a  week,  on  a  super-royal 
sheet,  and  good  type,  at  one  dollar  and  fifty  cents  per  annum,  if  paid  in  ad- 
vance, or  within  three  months  after  commencing,  two  dollars  if  paid  before 
the  expiration  of  the  year,  and  two  dollars  and  fifty  cents  if  paid  after  the 
expiration  of  the  year.  One-half  of  the  subscription  will  be  received  in  prod- 
uce at  market  price,  if  delivered  within  the  current  year,  or  the  whole,  if  paid 
in  rags.  Xo  paper  discontinued,  except  at  the  option  of  the  editor,  until  all 
arrearages  are  paid.  Xo  subscription  taken  for  less  than  a  year,  unless  men- 
tioned at  the  time  of  subscribing,  and  paid  for  in  advance,  at  the  rate  of  two 
dollars  per  annum,  and  a  failure  to  notify  a  discontinuance  before  the  term 
expires  shall  be  considered  as  a  new  engagement.  Advertisements  by  the 
year,  inserted  at  Pittsburg  prices." 

The  plant  passed  successively  through  the  hands  of  Nicholas  Bailhache 
I  February  1,  [828,  to  1830),  John  Hersh,  Jr.  (May  1,  1830,  to  May  18,  1833, 
when  it  became  John  Hersh  &  Co.),  John  Hersh,  Jr.,  and  D.  M.  McPherson 
( as  Guernsey  Times  ami  Ohio  Gazette,  from  about  April  20,  1832,  to  April 
12,  1833).  It  is  probable  that  after  the  dissolution  of  the  partnership  existing 
between  Hersh  and  McPherson,  the  business  was  conducted  by  John  Hersh. 
Jr.,  until  the  issue  of  March  8,  1834,  when  the  firm  became  Hersh  &  Weirich, 
the  new  partner  being  C.  E.  Weirich.     With  the  number  for  November  20, 

1834.  the  paper  again  became  the  sole  property  of  John  Hersh.  Jr.,  who  con- 
tinued publication  until  December  13,  1834,  when  the  name  was  changed 
from  The  Guernsey  Times  ami  Ohio  Gazette  to  The  Guernsey  Times  and 
Farmers'  ami  Mechanics'  Advocate,  and  became  the  property  of  William  W. 
Tracev.     The  paper  flourished  under  Tracey.  and  when  sold  on  December  12, 

1835,  to  John  A.  Beatty,  had  attained  to  very  respectable  proportions  and  typo- 
graphic excellence. 

Beatty  was  succeeded  on  July  2.  1836.  by  Lambert  Thomas,  who  was 
a  prominent  character  in  early  Whig  days.  June  17.  1837,  the  firm  became 
Lambert  &  J.  S.  Thomas,  but  the  paper  retained  the  same  caption  and  sul>- 
head.  June  9,  1838,  Lambert  Thomas  again  assumed  entire  control,  and  con- 
tinued publication  until  December  7,  1839,  when  W.  R.  Allison  became  edi- 


tor  and  publisher.  Allison,  during  his  brief  editorship,  made  but  few  changes 
in  the  appearance  of  the  paper,  the  most  important  being  his  substitution  of 
the  motto :  "One  Country,  one  Constitution,  one  Destiny,"  the  famous  decla- 
ration of  Daniel  Webster,  in  place  of  the  former  sub-head,  "Fanners'  and  Me- 
chanics' Advocate."  Allison  was  succeeded,  March  21,  1840,  by  Charles  J. 
Albright,  who  probably  held  his  position  longer  than  any  of  the  editors  who 
had  preceded  him,  his  resignation  taking  effect  in  the  twenty-first  year  of  the 
Times.  He  was  succeeded  by  Messrs.  Hatton  and  Green,  who  were  editors 
jointly  for  a  short  time,  when,  with  the  number  for  March  20,  1846,  the  plant 
became  the  sole  property  of  Richard  Hatton,  Mr.  Green  retiring  from  the 
newspaper  field. 

Richard  Hatton  sold  the  Times  establishment  to  its  former  owner,  C.  J. 
Albright,  in  the  spring  of  1849,  when  the  subhead  became,  "Let  all  the  ends 
thou  aimst  at  be  thy  country's,  thy  God's,  and  Truth's." 

Albright  kept  it  until  December  28,  1854,  when  he  sold  it  to  Moses  and 
C.  P.  B.  Sarchet.  In  1856  the  plant  passed  into  the  hands  of  J.  C.  Douglas, 
who  conducted  it  until  January  1,  1862,  who  then  enlisted  in  the  Union  army. 
He  sold  to  Joseph  D.  Taylor  and  W.  H.  F.  Lenfesty,  and  it  remained  in  the 
Taylor  family  up  to  within  a  short  time.  David  D.  Taylor  was  at  the  head  of 
the  paper  in  the  eighties  and  was  still  at  his  task  in  1910,  when  he  died.  A 
sketch  of  this  manly  man  will  appear  in  the  biographical  section  of  this  work. 

The  chain  of  owners  of  the  Times,  then,  has  been  as  above  mentioned 
down  to  the  time  the  Taylor  family  took  it.  From  that  time  on,  Taylor  & 
Lenfesty  controlled  it  until  1874,  when  David  D.  Taylor  acquired  an  interest 
amounting  to  one-half  its  value,  and  in  1890  he  purchased  the  balance 
and  was  sole  owner  up  to  his  death.  Upon  his  decease,  the  Taylor  boys  man- 
aged it  until  a  few  months  had  passed,  when  Prof.  J.  M.  Carr  and  others 
bought  the  property  of  Mrs.  Taylor,  and  Mr.  Carr  became  its  editor  and  man- 
ager. This  only  lasted  for  a  few  months  as,  on  November  8,  1905,  the 
Guernsey  Times  Company  was  organized  by  Judge  W.  H.  Gregg  and  others 
who  have  the  property  at  this  date  (November,  1910).  This  has  been  one  of 
the  most  influential  local  papers  in  Ohio  and  has  fought  many  a  political  con- 
flict, though  in  a  manly  manner.  Should  the  present  management  make  as 
good  a  record  as  have  the  men  who  have  been  behind  the  editorial  desk  in  the 
more  than  four  score  years  of  the  paper's  history,  they  will  indeed  be  for- 

The  Times  has  long  since  been  a  weekly  and  daily  combined,  and  has 
visted  the  homes  of  many  thousands  of  the  people  of  Guernsey  and  adjoining 
counties.     Long  live  the  Times! 


The  only  surviving  son  of  Lambert  Thomas,  who  was  for  main  years 
prominent  in  Cambridge  affairs,  and  formerly  editor  of  the  Guernsey  Times, 
Joseph  Sterling  Thomas,  who  died  December  i.  [910,  at  Cambridge,  was  a 
well  known  resident  of  this  city.  Mr.  Thomas  was  educated  as  an  art  and 
literary  student,  having  studied  in  the  greatest  cities  of  the  world,  lie  was 
horn  at  Zahesville,  Ohio,  but  in  verj  earl)  childhood  was  taken  to  Philadel- 
phia, where  his  natural  fancy  and  affinity  for  the  arts  led  to  rapid  advance- 
ment. So  marvelous  was  his  skill,  and  so  great  his  aptitude,  that  it  was  de- 
cided to  give  him  the  advantage  of  foreign  study.  After  graduating  from 
the  Pennsylvania  Academy  of  Fine  Arts,  he  went  abroad  to  continue  1 1  i^ 
studies.  His  private  preceptors  were  Thomas  P.  Otter.  George  L.  P.ensell. 
Stephen  Ferris  and  Joseph  Bailly,  the  eminent  French  sculptor.  Me  remained 
in  Europe  during  the  years  1S7S-7C).  In  London  he  studied  diligently  along 
loth  art  and  literary  lines,  and  produced  many  pictures  which  were  highly 
commended  by  noted  artists  and  critics.  He  also  contributed  widely  to  news- 
papers and  magazines,  being  an  able  writer  as  well  as  an  artist.  Upon  his  re- 
turn to  Philadelphia,  he  was  robbed  of  a  choice  and  interesting  collection  of 
pictures,  models,  vases,  has-reliefs.  and  liric-a-lirac.  by  disreputable  persons 
who  visited  his  studio. 

Mr.  Thomas  was  a  direct  descendant  of  Judge  Gomher.  one  of  the 
founders  of  Cambridge,  and  of  John  Afordby  Beatty,  father  of  Col.  Cyrus 
Parkinson  Beatty.  Gomber's  brother-in-law  and  business  partner.  The 
Afordhy-Beattys  are  old  Virginia  and  Maryland  stock  of  great  antiquity  and 

Mr.  Thomas  regarded  as  his  most  unique  experience  the  occasion  upon 
which,  at  an  early  age.  he  penetrated  through  the  Black  Hills  to  the  base  of 
the  Rocky  mountains,  after  roaming  through  the  wilds  of  Nebraska,  Colo- 
rado, Montana,  Dakota,  etc.,  walking  a  distance  of  one  thousand  miles  in  six 

Mr.  Thomas  died  of  heart  failure  in  his  bed  at  the  American  1  louse  where 
he  was  taken  the  night  of  his  death. 

people's  tress. 

Tlic  People's  Press  was  established  by  Wes.  Dunifer  and  later  it  was  con- 
ducted by  J.  F.  Solmon  and  he  changed  it  to  the  Cambridge  Democrat.  Still 
later  it  was  bought  by  a  stock  company  of  which  J.  R.  Barr  was  manager  and 
editor,  and  conducted  as  the  Republican-Press,  the  same  style  as  it  is  now 
known  and  run  at  present  by  the  Times  company,  as  a  weekly  family  paper  of 


much  merit.     It  is  newsy,  up-to-date  and  clean.     It  dates  from  1885  and  con- 
sequently is  now  in  its  twenty-fifth  year. 


Shortly  after  J.  C.  Douglas  had  assumed  the  editorship  of  the  Guernsey 
Times,  the  following  amusing  editorial  appeared,  in  the  issue  for  July  24, 

"Bring  Back  My  Boots!  !  ! 

"Yes,  you  thieving  buccaneer,  bring  back  my  boots.  Verily,  editors  are 
a  persecuted  race.  Scarcely  have  I  gotten  seated  upon  the  tripod,  when  some 
thieving  rascal,  without  the  fear  of  God,  man,  devil  or  printer  before  his  eyes, 
steals  my  boots.  May  they  corn  his  toes,  pinch  his  feet,  palsy  his  hands,  and 
when  he  goes  to  draw  them  on.  may  the  straps  break,  and  let  him  fall  over 
backwards  and  break  his  'cussed'  neck,  and  thus  escape  the  hangman,  if  he 
don't  bring  them  back." 

In  the  issue  of  the  Guernsey  Times  for  March  8,  1834,  when  Hersh  and 
Weirich  were  proprietors,  appears  the  following : 

"Acknowledgment. — We  are  indebted  to  the  Hon.  Daniel  Webster  for 
a  copy  of  his  speech  in  Senate  of  U.  States,  on  the  Deposit  Question — 
also  a  copy  of  his  Report,  as  Chairman  of  the  Finance  Committee,  on  the 
same  subject — both  in  pamphlet  form — for  which  he  will  please  accept  our 


The  Cambridge  Herald  was  established  as  a  weekly  Republican  news- 
paper about  1868,  by  Mr.  Farrar,  who  a  few  years  later  sold  to  W.  B.  Hutchin- 
son and  finally,  after  several  changes,  in  1882  became  the  property  of  Messrs. 
Mahaffev  and  Ogier,  when  it  became  an  independent  paper  and  was  thus  con- 
ducted for  a  period  of  twenty-eight  years,  or  until  sold  in  August,  1910,  to 
\Y.  <  ).  Moore,  who  is  the  present  editor  and  proprietor,  with  the  veteran  news- 
paper man,  C.  L.  Blackburn,  as  associate  editor.  It  has  been  a  clean,  spicy, 
home  paper,  published  each  week,  giving  the  most  important  news  of  city, 
county,  state  and  nation.  In  connection  with  this  paper,  there  is  a  first-class 
job  department.  Its  weekly  visits  are  highly  appreciated  by  a  large  and  in- 
creasing patronage. 

During  the  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century  that  Mr.  Mahaffev  was  con- 
ducting- the  paper,  he  was  four  times  a  candidate  for  public  office,  but  in  all 
that  time  he  never  had  his  name  flaunted  in  his  paper  and  was  independent  in 

all  things.     And  for  this,  he  was  popular  and  hold  office  in  his  state,  showing 
that  the  masses  believe  in  a  citizen  who  "blows  not  his  own  horn." 


The  Sun  was  another  newspaper  that  in  its  day  cut  considerable  figure  in 
this  county.  It  was  established  by  S.  M.  Johnson,  now  of  Fairview,  and  was 
once  the  property  of  Lykes,  Ferbache  &  Hyatt;  then  Lykes  run  it  alone  for 
about  eight  years,  when  it  went  down.  It  was  independent  in  politics,  and 
was  under  its  various  managements  edited  usually  by  Mr.  Blackburn,  now  as- 
sociate editor  of  the  Cambridge  Herald.  It  was  published  up  to  within  a  few 
years  and  was  a  home  paper  of  decided  opinions  as  to  the  propriety  of  local 
matters,  and  the  temperance  cause  especially. 

Other  journals  of  more  or  less  importance  were  the  News  and  Republican, 
that  merged  with  the  Times,  and  an  educational  publication  edited  by  Prof. 
McBurney  for  many  years  and  finally  removed  to  another  part  of  Ohio  and 
still  a  standard  educational  publication. 


The  first  attempt  at  sustaining  a  newspaper  in  Pleasant  City  was  in  the 
establishment  of  the  Record,  by  S.  O.  Riggs,  and  following  him  came  the 
News,  by  A.  T.  Secrest.  neither  one  of  which  had  a  long  or  very  eventful 

The  third  newspaper  in  the  place  was  founded  by  H.  W.  Kackley  and 
tin's  was  styled  the  Citizen,  which  was  rather  short-lived,  as  had  been  its  two 

Idie  fourth  paper  founded  was  the  Leader,  by  H.  D.  Flanagan,  who 
started  his  paper  on  October  31,  1905,  and  continued  only  nine  weeks.  It 
was  launched  under  the  name  of  the  "Pleasant  City  Printing  Company,"  non- 
political.  Xot  having  been  entered  as  second  class  matter,  a  cent  a  paper  had 
to  be  attached  as  postage  on  same  and  still  the  circulation  had  reached  five 
hundred  and  fifty  and  every  inch  of  advertising  space  was  taken.  Failing  to 
secure  second  class  rates  in  time  to  justify  its  further  publication,  the  paper 
was  discontinued. 

A  church  publication,  styled  the  Parishiniire,  or  some  similar  title,  was 
established  at  Pleasant  City  in  1904,  by  W.  F.  Birely  and  Rev.  C.  F.  Floto, 
but  this  did  not  continue  very  long. 

The  next  publication  Was  the  present  newspaper  founded  by  the  present 


proprietor,  C.  L.  Stranathan.  This  is  the  Recorder  founded  in  February,  1907, 
It  is  the  best  paper  ever  published  in  the  village.  It  is  now  an  eight-page, 
seven-column  paper,  filled  with  spicy  local  news  and  general  political  and 
world-wide  news.  Its  advertising  patronage  is  excellent  and  the  mechanical 
appearance  is  seldom  surpassed  in  so  small  a  place  as  Pleasant  City.  The 
latest  machinery  is  employed  in  printing  this  paper,  together  with  an  excellent 
grade  of  job  work. 


The  first  newspaper  here,  as  is  usually  the  case,  was  not  of  long  duration. 
About  ninety  per  cent  fail  as  did  this  paper.  Two  papers  were  launched  onto 
the  sea  of  local  journalism  here  before  the  founding  of  the  present  excellent 
paper,  the  Enterprise.  It  was  November  1,  1899,  when  L.  W.  Smith,  backed 
by  D.  S.  Burt  and  aided  by  E.  E.  Green,  established  the  Enterprise.  From 
that  date  until  1900  it  was  published  at  home,  but  printed  at  Cambridge  on  the 
Republican  presses.  Then  it  was  purchased  by  its  present  owner,  who  moved 
his  own  plant  from  Marietta  and  permanently  located  at  Byesville.  July  20, 
1905,  it  was  sold  to  Ella  M.  Beer,  who  died  soon  after,  and  in  order  to  protect 
the  interests  he  still  held  in  the  business,  the  present  owner  was  compelled  to 
take  it  back  in  October,  1906.  It  is  now  conducted  under  the  head  of  the 
Enterprise  Printing  Company,  with  J.  A.  Skinner  as  manager  and  proprietor. 
It  is  Republican  in  politics,  a  lively  local  chronicler  of  all  that  is  fit  to  be  pub- 
lished, but  never  sensational.  It  is  a  six-column,  eight-page  paper,  well 
edited  and  finely  printed  on  a  power  press.  It  enjoys  a  large  circulation  and 
its  job  department  is  always  full  of  paying  jobs,  which  formerly  went  abroad. 
It  has  performed  its  part  in  the  upbuilding  of  Byesville. 


The  enterprising  town  of  Cumberland  is  now  supplied  with  one  thorough- 
ly up-to-date  newspaper,  the  Echo,  established  in  September,  1885,  by  W.  A. 
Reedle.  The  present  proprietor  is  W.  G.  Nichols,  who  has  been  at  the  helm 
since  1898.  Others  who  have  owned  and  operated  the  enterprise  of  paper 
publishing  here  have  been,  Johnson  &  Frisby,  Albert  Johnson,  Miss  May 
Stranathan  and  H.  A.  Goodrich.  It  was  originally  called  the  Cumberland 
Ncii's.  It  is  independent  in  politics.  The  mechanical  department  is  modern. 
Job  printing  is  executed  in  excellent  style  on  a  Cincinnati  jobber,  while  the 
Echo  is  printed  on  a  Fairhaven  cylinder  press.  This  local  journal  chronicles 
all  the  news  of  this  section  of  the  "Kingdom  of  Guernsey"  that  is  fit  to  be  put 

i.i   ERNSEY    COUNTY,    OH  [O.  22$ 

in  type.     1  lis  patronage  is  good,  but  should  be  materially  increased,  when  one 
considers  the  amount  of  work  put  upon  the  publication. 


The  Quaker  City  Independent  was  established  in  1875  by  J.  D.  Olmstead 
&  Son.  In  1882  it  was  bought  by  J.  \Y.  &  A.  B.  Hill,  then  the  youngest  news- 
paper firm  in  Ohio.  The  paper  is  well  received  by  a  large  patronage,  as  a 
clean,  bright,  newsy  journal  of  local  and  editorial  writings  of  all  the  current 




In  all  commercial  countries,  the  banking  business  is  established  about  as 
soon  as  there  is  a  demand  for  it.  Especially  of  later  years  in  the  history  of 
this  country,  where  the  monetary  system  has  been  on  such  an  excellent  standard 
as  in  the  United  States  for  the  last  half  century.  Private  banks,  state  banks 
and  United  States  banks,  and  the  various  laws  controlling  them,  have  all 
been  subjects  of  much  legislation,  and  while  with  the  latest  innovation  of  the 
postal  savings  bank  system,  just  established  in  this  country,  there  are  many 
things  yet  to  be  corrected  and  improved,  it  is  the  pride  of  our  nation  that  one 
kind  of  our  money  is  worth  as  much  now  as  another.  It  matters  not  whether 
one  have  in  his  possession  a  private  bank  bill,  a  state  bank  bill,  a  greenback 
issue,  a  gold  or  silver  certificate,  or  any  kind  of  metal  money,  silver,  gold  or 
alloyed  coins, — one  is  as  good  as  another,  "for  all  debts,  public  and  private, 
except  for  customs  or  interest  on  the  public  debt,"  and  are  taken  at  par  the 
world  over  in  the  exchange  banks  and  great  money  centers.  The  small  per 
cent  asked  for  exchanging  one  kind  of  money  for  another,  on  going  abroad,  is 
a  mere  trifle. 

But  these  things  were  not  always  so.  In  the  first  half  of  the  last  century, 
and  until  the  resumption  of  specie  payment,  after  the  Civil  war  had  ended, 
gold  was  held  at  a  high  premium  over  silver  and  paper  notes.  In  war  times 
gold  reached  almost  three  dollars  on  the  Wall  street  markets,  and  was  quoted, 
from  day  to  day,  as  regularly  as  wheat,  corn,  cotton  and  iron  are  today.  That 
is  to  say,  the  five-dollar  gold  piece  was  worth  fifteen  dollars,  or  nearly  so.  in 

Many  of  our  older  citizens  well  recall  the  days  of  "wild  cat"  and  state 
bank  money,  when  no  one  could  tell  what  the  actual  purchasing  power  of  the 
bills  he  might  have  one  day  would  be  the  next  day.  "Red  dog"  bills — Mich- 
igan, Ohio.  Wisconsin,  Illinois  and  Iowa  bank  bills — fluctuated  from  a  shilling 
up  to  near,  but  seldom,  par  value.  It  was  difficult  to  transact  business  on 
such  flimsy  money  and  many  a  man  went  down  on  account  of  the  poor  system 
of  banking  that  then  obtained  from  one  end  of  this  country  to  another.  Other 
reference  to  these  things  will  be  found  elsewhere  in  this  chapter. 


The  following  is  taken  from  the  Guernsey  Times,  dated  March  5,  [842, 
and  will  illustrate  this  point  quite  well.  J.  W.  Potwin  was  a  general  dealer  in 
Cambridge,  at  the  time,  and  inserted  this  notice  in  the  home  paper  for  the 
purpose  of  drawing  more  trade  : 

"Notice — The  following  Bank  Bills  will  be  taken  for  goods  at  a  dis- 
count, viz:  German  Bank  of  Wooster,  Farmers  Bank  of  Canton,  Bank  of 
Granville,  Bank  of  Urbana,  both  Cleveland  banks,  State  Bank  and  Bank  of 
Illinois,  Miami  Exporting  Company,  Bank  of  Hamilton." 

The  Times  of  February  3,  1844 — three  or  four  years  before  this  county 
had  a  bank — contained  the  following  notice: 


"The  notes  of  the  non-specie  paying  banks  sell  in  Cincinnati  at  the  follow- 
ing rates : 

"Com.  bk.,  Scioto   10  clis.      Cleveland    25  dis. 

"Lancaster   10  dis.      Miami  Ex.  Co 35  dis. 

"Hamilton    10  dis.      Urbana   45  dis. 

"Lake   Erie    12^2'         Granville    70  dis. 

"State  Bank 40  dis.      Shawneetown    45  dis. 

"State  Bank  and  Branches.  .  .  .par.  Scrip    20  dis. 


"St.  Clair,  payable  at  Newark,  passes  at  par — but  not  taken  for  taxes. 
"The  notes  of  all  solvent  banks  in  other  states  generally  pass  at  par." 


"Capt.  A.  A.  Taylor  has  received  from  his  cousin.  Mr.  Bruce  Taylor,  of 
Wooster,  a  copy  of  Kennedy's  (late  Sibert's)  Bank  Note  Record  and  Fac- 
simile Counterfeit  Detector,  bearing  the  date  of  1853.  anc'  published  monthlj 
beginning  in  1837.     It  contains  a  list  of  all  the  banks  then  existing  in  the 


United  States.  The  Guernsey  branch  of  the  Ohio  State  Bank  was  then  the 
only  state  bank  in  Guernsey  county,  and  was  located  at  Washington.  John 
McCurdy  was  president  and  William  Skinner,  cashier,  with  capital  of  one 
hundred  thousand  dollars.  There  was  never  any  change  of  president,  but 
later  cashiers  were  Fracken  and  Endley.  There  is  a  special  notice  of  ones 
and  tens  on  the  Guernsey  branch,  dated  in  June,  1849,  which  were  readily 
denounced  as  counterfeit,  because  the  Guernsey  branch  had  not  issued  any  bills 
in  June,  1849. 

"The  old  detector  used  to  be  a  necessity  in  every  busy  establishment 
down  to  the  smallest.  They  went  out  of  use  more  than  forty  years  ago,  and 
copies  of  them  are  now  very  rare.  Captain  Taylor  prizes  it  because  he  finds 
in  it  accounts  of  many  of  the  curious  old  bills  he  has  collected  for  many  years 
and  has  in  his  cabinet.  Mr.  Bruce  Taylor  made  a  contribution  to  this  collec- 
tion of  a  Toronto  two-dollar  bill  on  the  International  Bank  of  Canada,  dated 
September  15.  1858.  It  is  now  pronounced  worthless  by  the  United  States 
Treasury  Detector,  which  is  the  standard  in  this  country." — From  the  Cam- 
bridge Times,  in  1904. 


Here  is  some  history  connected  with  the  Times  from  away  back.  We 
give  a  copy  of  the  note  covering  the  value  of  the  Times,  on  the  3rd  day  of 
March,  1840.  The  note  is  in  the  handwriting  of  W.  W.  Tracey,  Esq..  who 
was  a  former  owner  of  the  paper: 

"On  or  before  the  first  day  of  July  next  we  or  either  of  us  promise  to 
pay  to  William  R.  Allison,  or  order,  the  sum  of  three  hundred  and  ninety  dol- 
lars, for  value  received  this  third  day  of  March,  A.  D.  1840.  Signed,  Chas. 
J.  Albright,  B.  A.  Albright,  M.  Sarchet.     Attest:  Lambert  Thomas." 

It  appears  that  the  note  was  not  given  for  some  time  after  C.  J.  Albright 
had  possession.  There  are  credits  on  the  note  showing  the  following  pay- 
ments:  January  1,  1840,  eighteen  dollars;  November  20.  1840,  two  hundred 
and  eight  dollars  paid  to  W.  W.  Tracey,  attorney  for  J.  S.  Thomas;  December 
3.  1S40,  ten  dollars  to  R.  T.  Allison,  and  thirty-three  dollars  and  twelve  cents 
to  \Y.  W.  Tracey,  attorney.  There  is  this  endorsement  on  the  note:  "Two 
hundred  and  sixty-two  dollars  and  twenty-two  cents  to  be  paid  to  J.  S. 
Thomas.  Signed:  W.  R.  Allison."  The  note  is  left  in  the  hands  of  W.  W. 
Tracev,  Esq.,  for  collection.  There  is  an  endorsement  by  Tracey  on  the 
back  of  the  note:  "C.  J.  Albright,  note  two  hundred  and  sixty-two  dollars 
due  July  3,  1840,"  also  the  following:  "Received  January  1,  1841.  twenty- 
seven  dollars  and  thirty  cents  in  full  of  judgment  of  the  within  note  due  J.  S. 

i,i   ERNSEY    COUNTY;    OHIO.  22~ 

Thomas."  The  history  of  this  transaction  is.  that  Lambert  Thomas  sold  to 
J.  S.  Thomas,  his  brother,  ami  he  to  Allison,  ami  Allison  to  Albright.  Tin- 
total  credit  is  two  hundred  ami  ninety  six  dollars  ami  fifty  cents,  leaving  a 
balance  of  ninety-three  dollars  and  fifty  cents  unaccounted  for,  which  was  in 
all  probability  taken  up  by  another  note. 

We  give  another  transaction  which  shows  that  the  early  publishers  of 
the  Times  were  hard  up,  and  had  to  do  a  good  deal  of  business  on  tick.  The 
following  due  bill  will  explain: 

"Due  John  Carman,  thirty  dollars  for  printing  paper,  furnished  by  him 
for  the  Guernsey  limes,  to  be  paid  to  him  as  the  paper  is  used.  Signed: 
Nicholas  Bailhache,  Cambridge,  Ohio,  November  25,  [828." 

On  the  hack  of  this  due  bill  is  the  endorsement,  in  the  handwriting  of  J. 
M.  Bell,  Esq.:  "Carman  vs.  Bailhache,  note,  judgment  $35.90."  John  Car- 
man was  at  that  day  a  paper  peddler  and  rag  buyer.  He  lived  at  St.  Clairs- 
ville.  Ohio.  At  a  later  date  there  was  a  Philip  Carman,  perhaps  his  son,  who 
traveled  hack  and  forth  from  Wheeling,  West  Virginia,  to  Columbus,  Ohio, 
engaged  in  the  same  business,  traveling  in  a  two-horse  covered  wagon,  carry- 
ing foolscap,  letter  paper,  wrapping  paper,  blank  hooks,  printing  paper,  inks 
and  quill  pens.  He  continued  in  this  trade  up  to  the  opening  of  the  Central 
Ohio  railroad  in  April,  1854.  Old  residents  on  the  National  road  will  re- 
member Carman,  the  paper  peddler  and  rag  buyer. 

There  is  a  certificate  given  to  John  Huff  for  lot  115,  Cadiz,  Ohio,  for 
thirty-two  dollars  and  fifty  cents.  On  the  back  is  this  assignment:  "Janu- 
ary 31,  1814.  for  value  received,  I  do  assign  unto  Eleazer  Huff  all  my  right. 
title  and  interest  in  and  to  the  within  certificate,  and  all  the  benefits  that  may 
be  had  by  reason  or  means  thereof.  Signed,  John  Huff."  The  witness.  J. 
Wilson,  was  one  of  the  first  common  pleas  judges  in  Ohio,  and  held  the  first 
session  of  common  pleas  court  in  Guernsey  county  at  Cambridge  in  1810. 

We  give  this  to  show  the  value  of  town  lots  at  the  time  of  laying  out  the 
towns  of  Cadiz  and  Cambridge.  The  price  of  the  first  lots  sold  in  Cambridge. 
Ohio,  in  1806.  on  Wheeling  avenue,  to  Thomas  Sarchet.  lots  58  and  59,  thirty- 
seven  dollars  and  fifty  cents  each:  lots  13  and  [4  to  John  Sarchet.  thirty-six 
dollars  and  fifty  cents  each;  lot  21  to  William  Ogier,  thirty-five  dollars;  lots 
22  ami  23  to  Catharine  Marquand,  thirty-two  dollars  each:  lot  24  to  Thomas 
Lenfesty,  thirty-two  dollars:  lot  40  to  Thomas  Xaftal.  thirty  dollars;  lot  51  to 
James  Bichard,  thirty-five  dollars:  lot  54  to  Peter  Sarchet,  fifty  dollars;  lot 
15  to  Lloyd  Talbott,  thirty-five  dollars.  These  lots  were  located  on  each  side 
of  Wheeling  avenue,  all  within  one  square  of  the  court  house  square.  It  will 
be  seen  that  the  lots  in  Cambridge  were  of  the  greatest  value,  situated  as  the 


city  is  on  the  waters  of  Big  Wills  creek  and  at  the  junction  of  the  two  great 
roads  of  that  day.  leading  from  Wheeling  and  Steubenville  to  the  great  west. 
Cadiz  was  located  at  the  junction  of  the  Pittsburg  and  Wellsburg  roads,  but 
had  not  the  water  advantages  that  Cambridge  had.  There  is  not  one  of  the 
lots  named  in  Cambridge  that  is  not  worth,  per  front  foot,  more  than  double 
the  original  first  value.  In  the  march  of  improvement  the  lots  on  the  corner 
of  Eighth  street  and  Wheeling  avenue  have  continued  to  keep  up  first  value 
as  leading  lots.  Cambridge  is  on  the  grow.  Seated  in  a  barber's  chair  the 
other  day.  we  said  to  the  barber,  "How  many  barber  shops  are  there  in  Cam- 
bridge today."     He  replied,  "Fifteen." 

We  said,  "Cambridge  has  grown  fifteen  times  since  we  first  knew  it." 
Then  there  was  but  one  barber,  old  Moman  Morgan,  colored.  He  went 
around,  twice  a  week,  from  house  to  house,  carrying  his  tools,  soap  and  lather 
pot,  and  a  head  rest  that  could  be  attached  to  an  ordinary  chair.  The  barbers 
of  today,  who  sport  their  white  roundabouts,  are  not  yet  up  in  style  to  Morgan, 
for  besides  a  white  roundabout,  he  wore  a  long  white  apron.  The  perfumes 
of  that  day  \vere  what  Eli  Marsh,  a  later  colored  barber,  called  the  "condi- 
ments, bar's  oil,  goose  grease  and  pomade."- — Written  for  the  Cambridge 
Times  by  Col.  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet  in  1906,  as  a  reminiscence  of  old  times. 


Up  to  the  war  1848,  the  banking  business  necessary  for  the  commerce  of 
Guernsey  county  was  done  at  Wheeling,  Zanesville  and  Mt.  Pleasant,  in  Jeffer- 
son county.  In  those  days  the  raising  of  livestock  for  the  eastern  markets 
was  the  chief  source  of  income  in  money  to  the  county,  and  there  were  many 
drovers  who,  or  nearly  all,  were  dependent  on  the  banks  for  accommodation. 
In  1845  the  Legislature  passed  an  act  establishing  the  State  Bank  of  Ohio, 
with  its  system  of  branch  banks.  Early  in  1847  the  question  of  establishing 
a  bank  in  Washington  was  discussed,  and  resulted  in  the  circulation  of  papers 
for  stock  subscriptions.  One  hundred  thousand  dollars  of  such  subscriptions 
were  secured  on  the  17th  day  of  December,  1847,  and  proceedings  had  in  com- 
pliance with  the  general  act  of  incorporation.  Three  ineffectual  attempts  at 
this  were  made,  one  on  the  31st  of  December,  1847,  another  on  the  24th  of 
January.  1848,  another  on  the  15th  of  June,  1848,  and  on  the  24th  day  of 
June  the  formal  proceedings  were  satisfactorily  completed,  and  the  bank 
authorized  to  do  business  under  the  name  of  the  "Guernsey  Branch  of  the 
State  Bank  of  Ohio,  at  Washington."  From  the  beginning  until  its  close  the 
business  of  the  bank  was  prudently  and  successfully  managed,  and  the  bank 


enjoyed  at  every  moment  of  its  existence  the  full  confidence  of  the  whole  com- 
munity. To  be  sure,  there  was  the  "crow-bat"  excitement,  and  once  notably. 
during  a  time  of  panic,  a  run  of  bill-holding  brokers  from  abroad,  but  the 
Guernsey  Branch  was  equal  to  all  emergencies  and  was  regarded  as  among  the 
well-managed  banks  of  the  state.  John  McCurdy  was  president  of  the  bank 
from  its  organization  to  its  close.  Its  first  cashier  was  William  Skinner,  who 
was  succeeded  by  George  Fracker,  and  he  by  George  A.  Endley,  after  whom 
came  Simon  B.  Lawrence,  who  remained  as  cashier  until  the  business  was 
closed  up.  The  first  board  of  directors  was  composed  of  John  Craig,  Henry 
H.  Evans,  John  McFarland,  Kileon  Hagar,  Charles  Hare,  John  Beymer, 
Francis  Rea,  and  John  Hall. — Jcffcrsonian,  March  9,  1876. 


The  National  Bank  of  Cambridge,  No.  6,566,  was  organized  in  1863,  as 
the  first  bank  under  the  national  banking  act  of  1863  in  Guernsey  county,  its 
original  number  being  141.  After  the  expiration  of  the  first  twenty-year 
charter,  in  1882,  its  charter  was  renewed  by  a  reorganization  and  the  number 
of  the  second  bank's  charter  was  2,861,  and  this  twenty-year  charter  ran  out 
in  1902,  when  another  re-organization  took  place,  hence  a  new  charter  and 
this,  the  present  one,  is  numbered  6,566.  It  will  be  observed  that  only  one 
hundred  and  forty  banks  in  the  United  States  had  applied  for  a  charter  prior 
to  this  one,  under  the  then  new  banking  laws  of  our  country,  and  which  have 
proven  such  a  great  success  to  the  people,  both  bankers  and  depositors.  The 
original  capital  of  this  bank  was  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  of  which 
sixty-five  thousand  dollars  was  paid  in  at  the  opening  of  the  bank  and  within  a 
few  months  (April.  1863)  the  balance  was  paid  in.  The  original  stockholders 
included  many  of  Guernsey  county's  best  men,  of  the  town  and  country.  The 
following  is  fl  list  of  their  names,  and  it  may  be  said  that  all  are  now  deceased, 
but  it  must  be  remembered  that  this  bank  dates  back  forty-seven  years: 
Stephen  B.  Clark,  John  C.  Douglass,  Isaac  Morton,  Robert  F.  Burt,  Nicholas 
Priaulx.  James  Beggs,  Andrew  Henderson,  Henry  McCartney,  Walter  Bogle, 
James  Nelson,  Thomas  Johnston,  Isaac  W.  Hall,  George  Morrison,  George 
B.  Leeper.  Samuel  Harper,  Samuel  Stranathan,  Daniel  Burt,  Thomas  Lapage, 
William  Rainey,  Bernard  Brown,  John  Ogier,  Jr.,  William  Black,  William  N. 
Farrar,  John  Marquand,  Eli  Hall,  Samuel  Craig.  William  H.  Bell,  Marling 
Oldham,  William  Black,  Charles  J.  Albright,  John  Crook,  Joseph  Fordyce, 
John  Hall,  Thomas  Hall. 

In  October,  1863,  at  a  meeting  for  the  selection  of  directors,  the  follow- 


c,r ICRNSKV    ClirXTV,    OHIO. 

ing  were  elected :  S.  B.  Clark,  I.  W.  Hall,  R.  F.  Burt,  William  Rainey,  Ber- 
nard Brown,  Joseph  Fordyce,  Samuel  Harper.  The  directors  elected  as  their 
president  S.  B.  Clark;  John  R.  Clark,  cashier.  On  January  9,  1866,  John  R. 
Clark  tendered  his  resignation  as  cashier  and  Samuel  McMahon  was  appointed 
his  successor.  Then  A.  C.  Cochran  was  appointed  cashier.  On  February 
20,  1880,  Mr.  Cochran  resigned  and  A.  R.  Murray  was  appointed  his  suc- 

On  November  2j,  1882,  the  stockholders  voted  to  go  into  liquidation  for 
the  purpose  of  re-organizing.  Application  was  made  to  the  comptroller  of 
currency  and  received  charter  No.  2,861,  to  be  known  as  the  Old  National 
Bank  of  Cambridge,  with  a  capital  stock  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars. 
The  following  were  the  stockholders,  under  the  bank's  second  charter :  S.  J. 
McMahon,  R.  F.  Burt,  W.  A.  Rainey,  J.  W.  Campbell,  A.  R.  Murray,  W.  M. 
Farrar,  C.  J.  Albright,  S.  W.  Luccock,  J.  M.  Ogier,  W.  H.  Ledlie.  W.  B. 
Cosgrave,  Henry  McCartney,  James  T.  Lindsay,  S.  B.  Clark,  W.  M.  Scott. 

January  12,  1883,  the  following  directors  were  elected:  S.  J.  McMahon, 
S.  B*  Clark,  W.  A.  Rainey,  W.  B.  Cosgrave,  J.  M.  Ogier,  J.  W.  Campbell, 
Henry  McCartney.  The  board  then  organized  by  electing  S.  J.  McMahon, 
president :  J.  \Y.  Campbell,  vice-president ;  A.  R.  Murray,  cashier.  January 
10,  1903,  C.  S.  McMahon  was  appointed  assistant  cashier.  January  12.  1903, 
the  stockholders  voted  to  go  into  liquidation  again,  for  the  purpose  of  again 
renewing  their  charter  and  reorganizing,  as  required  by  the  banking  laws. 
Application  was  made  to  the  comptroller  of  currency  for  new  charter,  which 
was  issued  as  No.  6,566,  to  be  known  as  the  National  Bank  of  Cambridge, 
with  a  capital  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  Under  this  new  charter,  the 
following  persons  were  the  stockholders :  S.  J.  McMahon,  J.  W.  Campbell, 
A.  R.  Murray.  J.  M.  Ogier,  C.  S.  McMahon,  Charles  Mast,  Fred  L.  Rose- 
mond,  S.  M.  Burgess,  Walter  N.  Patterson,  S.  W.  Luccock,  Rebecca  Lidlie, 
W.  W.  Harper,  R.  M.  Hood,  R.  V.  Orme,  A.  P.  Frame.  A.  Westwood,  A.  M. 
Sarchet,  G.  W.  Smith. 

On  January  13,  1903,  at  the  annual  election  for  directors  the  following 
were  elected :  S.  J.  McMahon,  J.  M.  Ogier,  S.  M.  Burgess,  Fred  L.  Rose- 
mond,  J.  W.  Campbell,  A.  R.  Murray,  S.  W.  Luccock.  On  October  31,  1905, 
A.  P.  Frame  was  appointed  by  the  board  as  a  director,  to  fill  the  place  of  J.  M. 
Ogier,  made  vacant  by  his  death. 

The  present  (1910)  officers  of  the  bank  are:  S.  J.  McMahon,  president; 
A.  R.  Murray,  vice-president;  C.  S.  McMahon,  cashier;  W.  N.  Patterson, 
assistant  cashier;  G.  W.  Smith,  teller;  W.  L.  Orme  and  Miss  Myrtle  Ogier, 

GUERNSEY   COUN  n  .    OHIO  23  I 

Concerning  the  business  transacted   by   this  pioneer  national   banking 

house  in  Cambridge,  and  the  location  of  the  bank  itself,  it  may  lie  stated  in 
this  connection  that  it  was  first  kept  in  the  parlor  rooms  of  the  private  resi- 
dence of  Dr.  Vincent  llavnes  just  on  the  next  lot  east  of  the  present  bank 
site.  In  April,  1867,  the  records  of  the  hank  show  that  the  directors  author- 
ized the  erection  of  the  present  hank  building,  which  stands  on  l"t  X".  52, 
Wheeling  avenue,  and  here  the  hank  has  had  its  home  for  all  of  those  Eorty- 
three  years. 

The  First  National  Bank,  as  it  was  styled  in  April,  [865,  made  their 
statement,  in  which  it  was  shown  that  the  capital  was  one  hundred  thousand 
dollars;  surplus  and  undivided  profits,  six  thousand  four  hundred  and  ninety- 
two  dollars,  with  deposits  amounting  to  fifty-six  thousand  five  hundred  and 
seventy-eight  dollars. 

The  last  statement,  issued  before  the  hank  reorganized  in  [882,  gave  their 
capital  and  surplus,  with  the  undivided  profits,  as  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
nine  thousand  nine  hundred  and  ninety-five  dollars  with  deposits  amounting  to 
four  hundred  and  twenty-nine  thousand  nine  hundred  and  four  dollars. 

The  last  statement  issued  by  the  National  Bank  of  Cambridge,  the  pres- 
ent organization,  shows  (September  1,  1910)  loans  and  discounts,  four  hun- 
dred sixty-six  thousand  nine  hundred  and  sixty-four  dollars:  United  States 
bonds,  sixty-one  thousand  five  hundred  dollars;  banking  house  and  fixtures, 
nine  thousand  five  hundred  dollars ;  total  resources,  seven  hundred  eight-one 
thousand  and  fifty-seven  dollars  and  sixty-six  cents.  The  amount  of  capital 
stock  is  one  hundred  thousand  dollars;  surplus  and  undivided  profits,  eighty- 
six  thousand  nine  hundred  and  eighty-four  dollars  and  eighty-eight  cents; 
individual  deposits,  subject  to  check,  four  hundred  thirty  thousand  seven  hun- 
dred and  thirty  dollars  and  seventy-two  cents ;  demand  certificates  of  deposit, 
ninety-six  thousand  three  hundred  and  twenty-three  dollars  and  fifty-eight 
cents,  with  other  items  to  make  the  total  liabilities  same  as  resources  named, 
seven  hundred  eighty-one  thousand  and  fifty-seven  dollars  and  sixty-six  cents. 

Through  all  the  shifting  years — almost  a  half  century — this  institution 
has  remained  firm  and  solid,  notwithstanding  the  three  great  panics  that  have 
overtaken  the  country  since  the  hank  first  opened  its  doors  in  1863.  when  the 
Civil  war  was  at  its  height.  Tt  has  ever  had  conservative  men  at  its  head,"  as 
directors  and  officers,  and  has  been  patronized  by  stockholders  and  depositors 
throughout  Guernsey  county,  who  have  given  it  standing  and  reliability.  The 
people,  of  all  classes  and  nationalities,  have  had  confidence  in  this  hank  and 
they  have  never  been  disappointed. 



The  Guernsey  National  Bank,  of  Cambridge,  was  organized  in  1872,  its 
charter  being  the  oldest  in  the  city,  and  is  numbered  1,942.  This  banking 
institution  was  formed  by  Col.  J.  D.  Taylor  and  his  associates,  John  Mc- 
Burney,  John  Heaume,  William  Lenfesty,  John  Ogier,  George  H.  Boetcher. 
A.  A.  Taylor,  E.  Nyce,  J.  O.  Mcllyar  and  others. 

The  original  capital  stock  was  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  then  in- 
creased to  one  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars.  Its  first  officers  were : 
J.  D.  Taylor,  president;  W.  A.  Lawrence,  cashier;  A.  A.  Taylor,  assistant 

The  present  capital  is  fifty  thousand  dollars;  surplus,  twelve  thousand 
five  hundred  dollars ;  deposits,  one  hundred  and  seventy  thousand  dollars,  and 
the  19 10  officers  are:  H.  W.  Lawrence,  president;  J.  W.  Scott,  cashier;  C.  H. 
Willis,  assistant  cashier.  The  bank  owns  its  own  building,  erected  for  the 
purpose  in  1872-73,  at  No.  647  Wheeling  avenue.  No  robbers  have  invaded 
this  bank  in  the  almost  two  score  years  of  its  history,  but  some  loss  Avas  sus- 
tained in  the  fires  of  Cambridge,  in  1895  and  1902. 


The  Citizens  Savings  Bank,  of  Cambridge,  was  organized  in  1899. 
Its  present  officers  are:  S.  M.  Burgess,  president;  W.  B.  Cosgrove, 
vice-president;  D.  M.  Hawthorne,  secretary  and  treasurer;  J.  C.  Bow- 
den,  cashier;  D.  M.  Hawthorne,  assistant  cashier. 

The  directors  are :  C.  Stolzenbach,  John  Hoge,  S.  M.  Burgess,  T. 
W.  Scott,  William  Hoyle,  H.  P.  Woodworth,  W.  B.  Cosgrove,  W.  C. 
Brown,  D.  M.  Hawthorne. 

The  official  statement  for  September  1,  1910,  shows  resources  and 
liabilities  amounting  to  $347,766.54  each.  In  these  are  the  items  of 
resources:  Loans  on  real  estate,  $238,589;  loans  and  collateral,  $40,427; 
United  States  bank  notes,  $4,405.  In  the  list  of  liabilities  are  the  fol- 
lowing items:  Capital  stock,  $30,000:  surplus  fund  $22,500;  undivided 
profits,  $2,083:  time  certificates  of  deposit,  $81,233;  savings  deposits, 


The  Central  National  Bank,  of  Cambridge,  was  established  in  1882. 
with  an  original  capital  stock  of  $100,000.     Its  first  officers  were  A.  J. 


Hutchison,  president;  W.  E.  Bowden,  cashier.  They  own  the  magnifi- 
cent, strictly  modern  building,  the  same  having  been  erected  in  19114. 
It  stands  on  the  corner  of  Wheeling  avenue  and  Eighth  street,  at  the 
southwest  corner  of  the  public  square,  and  is  a  five-story  structure, 
with  fine  offices  on  the  floors  above  the  banking  rooms  on  the  ground 
floor.     It  is  also  a  United  States  depository. 

Their  present  officers  are:  E.  W.  Mathews,  president:  John  R, 
Hall,  vice-president;  M.  L.  Hartley,  vice-president;  W.  S.  McCartney, 
cashier;  E.  B.  Milligan,  assistant  cashier.  Directors:  E.  W.  .Mathews, 
John  R.  Hall,  M.  L.  Hartley,  C.  R.  Mcllyar,  John  E.  Sankey,  J.  II. 
Opperman,  C.  F.  Craig,  W.  S.  McCartney,  A.  J.  Bennett. 

Their  November,  1910,  statement  shows  that  they  had  resources 
and  liabilities  amounting  to  $555,991-  The  loans  and  deposits  amount 
to  $177,902:  United  States  bonds,  $106,618.  The  capital  is  still  $100,000 
and  a  surplus  and  undivided  profits  of  $52,969;  deposits  and  money  due 
banks  amounting  to  $307,722. 

The  management  of  this  bank  has  always  been  first  class  and  it  has 
withstood  the  panics  that  have  at  various  dates  disturbed  other  cities, 
and  has  always  been  able  to  pay  out  on  demand  all  that  was  called  for. 
Its  officers  are  thoroughgoing  business  men  and  treat  all  in  a  gentle- 
manly manner. 


The  Cambridge  Savings  Bank  (state  incorporated)  was  organized 
April  8,  1905,  with  a  capital  authorized  at  $50,000,  $30,000  of  which  was 
paid  up.  The  gentlemen  who  founded  the  bank  were  the  following 
stockholders:  B.  F.  Sheppard,  C.  C.  Cosgrove.  J.  B.  Giffee,  R.  Kirk- 
patrick,  J.  O.  Carnes.  R.  V.  Acheson  and  J.  E.  Bair. 

The  officers  from  the  start  have  been.  B.  F.  Sheppard,  president  : 
R.  Kirkpatrick,  vice-president;  C.  C.  Cosgrove,  secretary  and  treasurer; 
R.  B.  Acheson,  cashier;  Emory  Ferguson,  assistant  cashier. 

This  institution  has  occupied  the  present  modern  banking  building 
ever  since  it  was  organized:  it  is  a  handsome  brick  structure  at  Nos. 
806  and  808  Wheeling  avenue.  The  November.  1910,  statement  pub- 
lished by  this  hank  showed  the  following  items,  among  others:  Re- 
sources and  liabilities,  $233,026.95.  Of  the  resources  there  was  $149,286 
in  loans  on  real  estate:  loans  on  collateral,  $10,930;  loans  and  discounts, 
$23,929.  Of  the  liabilities  there  were  the  items  of  capital.  $30,000; 
surplus  fund,  $10,000:  undivided  profits.  $5,917;  individual  deposits, 
$45,646;  demand  certificates,  $97,280;  savings  deposits.  $44,181. 


This  is  one  of  the  financial  concerns  of  Guernsey  county  of  which 
the  citizens  are  justly  proud. 

people's  bank. 

The  People's  Bank,  of  Pleasant  City,  was  established  in  1895,  with 
George  J.  Markley  as  its  proprietor  and  W.  F.  Bierly,  cashier.  No  other 
information  is  at  hand,  hence  this  meagre  account  taken  from  the  State 
Bank  Directory  is  here  given.  (See  sketch  in  biographical  volume.) 
This  bank  carries  on  a  general  banking  business  in  a  well  furnished 
banking  building  and  has  the  confidence  of  Pleasant  City  and  vicinity. 

guernsey  building  and  loan  company. 

The  Guernsey  Building  and  Loan  Company,  of  Cambridge,  was 
incorporated  under  the  laws  of  Ohio,  is  under  state  inspection,  and  has 
an  authorized  capital  of  $150,000,  in  shares  of  $100  each.  The  first 
officers  were:  John  M.  Ogier,  president;  Joseph  Hartill,  vice-president; 
W.  H.  Brown,  secretary;  J.  B.  Dollison,  treasurer;  W.  H.  Brown,  at- 

It  is  a  purely  home  institution  and  no  business  will  be  taken  from 
outside  this  county.  Its  funds  are  loaned  only  on  first  mortgage  securi- 
ties. It  was  organized  April  26,  1902,  and  now  has  assets  amounting 
to  over  $147,000;  it  has  more  than  doubled  in  the  last  two  years.  Its 
present  officers  are:  J.  C.  Bair,  president;  J.  R.  McBurney,  vice-presi- 
dent; J.  B.  Dollison,  treasurer;  E.  A.  Scott,  secretary;  A.  R.  McCol- 
loch,  attorney.  By  fair  treatment  and  business  principles,  this  com- 
pany is  winning  the  confidence  of  many  a  man  who  wishes  to  employ 
the  building  and  loan  system  for  securing  a  home. 

BYESVILLE  banking. 

The  First  National  Bank  of  Byesville  was  incorporated  December 
10,  1900,  and  opened  its  doors  for  business  in  the  following  February. 
It  has  grown  and  flourished  until  today  it  ranks  high  among  the  solid 
financial  institutions  in  Ohio.  Its  organizers  were  George  S.  Trenner, 
R.  H.  Mills  and  others,  and  its  original  capital  was  $25,000.  At  the 
close  of  business  in  1901,  it  had  deposits  amounting  to  $52,800,  and  on 
Septeniber    1,    1907,    it   had   reached   the    sum   of  $236,379.04.      Coming 



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.   on  in.  235 

loans    and    discounts    Si  [4,986; 

bank  fixtures    and    furniture    and    building,    $5,500;    total    resources, 


Its  present  officers  arc:  George  S.  Trenner,  president;  John  A. 
Thompson,,  vice-president;  E.  P.  Finley.  cashier;  W.  A.  Thompson, 
assistant  cashier.  The  directors  arc:  II.  II.  Wilson,  George  S.  Trenner, 
John  A.  Thompson,  John  W.  Thompson,  \Y.  II.  Wilson,  E.  R.  Finley. 

This  bank  lias  had  a  good  business  standing  among  the  financial 
institutions  of  the  county  ever  since  its  establishment. 

Tn  the  autumn  of  1010  it  was  believed  that  with  the  rapid  growth  of 
Byesville,  another  hanking  institution  would  pay;  accordingly  stock 
was  subscribed  by  some  of  the  leading  business  men  of  the  place  and 
$25,000  was  raised  for  the  establishment  of  the  Byesville  State  Bank 
J.  A.  Hoopman  was  elected  president;  Palmer  McConnell,  vice-presi- 
dent; O.  L.  Howard,  cashier.  The  following  comprises  the  original 
hoard  of  directors:  D.  S.  Hurt,  H.  C.  Egger,  J.  A.  Hoopman,  Palmer 
McConnell,  C.  W.  Eberle,  Mike  Sherby,  O.  L.  Howard. 

The  bank  will  probably  be  open  for  the  transaction  of  business 
sometime  during  the  month  of  November,  1910. 


The  Bank  of  Cumberland  was  first  organized  in  1896,  by  Evans  & 
Girton,  as  a  private  bank.  In  1900  J.  E.  McClelland  purchased  it  from 
Evans  &  Girton,  the  capital  stock  then  being  $10,000.  Soon  after  the 
purchase  Mr.  McClelland  associated  with  him  in  business  I.  C.  Young. 
J.  A.  Langley.  F.  L.  St.  Clair,  O.  L.  Hunter.  T.  M.  Hathaway,  and 
Catherine  Roseman.  and  increased  the  capital  stock  to  $15,000,  and  later 
to  $25,000. 

In  1908  the  bank  was  reorganized,  making  of  it  a  state  bank  called 
the  Cumberland  Savings  Bank,  with  a  capital  stock  of  $50,000.  J.  E.  Mc- 
Clelland was  elected  president.  F.  E.  St.  Clair,  vice-president,  and  J. 
M.  Bracken,  cashier. 

The  present  officers  are:  President.  J.  E.  McClelland;  vice -presi- 
dent. F.  L.  St.  Clair;  cashier.  J.  M.  Bracken. 

At  the  close  of  business,  September  1,  1910,  this  bank's  statement 
showed  resources  and  liabilities  amounting  to  $77,005.27.  The  resources 
showed  the  items  of  furniture  and  fixtures,  $1,875;  loans  on  real  estate, 
$57,620;  other  loans  and  discounts,  $67,885. 


Among  the  liabilities  were  the  items  of  capital  stock,  $50,000;  sur- 
plus fund,  $1,000;  undivided  profits,  $1,500;  individual  deposits,  subject 
to  check,  $63,582;  demand  certificates  of  deposit,  $60,922. 

This  banking  house  has  always  been  a  conservative  concern,  safe 
and  sound,  and  one  in  which  the  whole  people  have  ever  had  the  utmost 


The  First  National  Bank  of  Senecaville  was  established  December 
12,  1904,  by  C.  M.  Hutchison,  A.  U.  Hutchison,  J.  M.  Gregg,  Milton 
Finley,  J.  A.  Lanley,  S.  L.  Murphy,  Samuel  Laughlin,  C.  H.  Gregg  and 
several  others.  The  capital  stock  is  $25,000,  with  a  surplus  of  $6,000. 
The  present  deposits  of  this  banking  house  is  $65,000.  The  bank  owns 
its  own  building,  on  Main  street.  The  present  (1910)  officers  are:  C. 
M.  Hutchison,  president;  J.  M.  Gregg,  vice-president;  G.  F.  Pollock, 

A  general  banking  business  is  carried  on  at  this  point  and  this  con- 
cern has  the  confidence  of  the  best  citizens  of  the  community  in  which 
it   operates. 


Banking  at  Quaker  City  has  come  to  be  of  large  proportions,  the 
most  extensive  of  any  in  the  county  in  many  ways.  The  start  was  made 
in  1872,  when  the  Quaker  City  National  Bank  was  established  and  it  is 
now  considered  as  among  the  solid  financial  institutions  in  eastern  Ohio. 
The  late  Isaac  W.  Hall  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  this  banking  house 
and  was  its  first  president,  continuing  until  his  death  in  1886.  He  was 
then  succeeded  by  his  son,  John  R.  Hall,  who  still  holds  the  important 
position.  Hon.  W.  N.  Cowden  was  vice-president  and  T.  M.  Johnson, 
cashier.  The  first  directors  were  as  follows :  Jonathan  Rose,  Thomas 
Moore,  Eli  Hall,  Dr.  J.  T.  McPherson,  D.  C.  Goodhart,  W.  N.  Cowden, 
Isaac  W.  Hall.  Of  the  original  organizers  only  Messrs.  Johnson,  Cow- 
den and  Goodhart  survive. 

At  first  the  stock  of  this  bank  was  $50,000,  but  a  few  years  later 
it  was  increased  to  $100,000.  By  its  safe,  conservative  methods,  its  vol- 
ume of  business  has  steadily  grown  until  today  (1910)  it  has  a  surplus 
of  more  than  $20,000.  Its  September  statement  of  1910  showed 
$684,835  in  deposits;  profits  of  more  than  $37,000  and  a  magnificent 
banking  house  building  valued  at  $25,000. 


The  present  officers  are:  John  R.  Hall,  presidenl  ;  I.  I'.  Steele,  cash- 
ier; H.  S.  Hartley,  assistant  cashier.  The  directorship  is  II.  S.  Hartley, 
John  R.  Hall,  T.  M.  Johnson,  D.  C.  Goodhart,  Joel  Hall,  Thomas  C. 
Hall  and  I.  P.  Steele. 

The  new  hank  building  was  erected  in  [909,  on  the  southwest  cor- 
ner of  Broadway  and  South  streets.  In  all  of  its  appointments  it  is  an 
ideal,  modern  building,  with  steam  heat  and  rooms  for  the  convenience 
of  all  interested.  It  is  illuminated  by  both  gas  and  electricity.  The 
structure  was  designed  by  architect  J.  F.  Orr,  of  Cambridge,  wink-  the 
building-  was  constructed  by  George  I.  Foreman,  of  Marietta,  I  >hio. 


The  Cambridge  Loan  and  Building  Company,  who  occupy  a  beauti- 
ful new  business  house  on  Wheeling  avenue,  at  No.  814,  was  organized 
February  27,  1885.  This  building  is  the  home  of  the  city  officers  and 
the  municipality  affairs  are  here  carried  on  on  the  second  floor  of  the 
thoroughly  modern  building.  The  lobby  is  one  of  the  finest  in  this  por- 
tion of  Ohio,  being  Italian  marble  of  the  purest  type,  the  walls  being 
handsomely  decorated  and  the  floors  of  Tennessee  marble. 

This  company  was  formed  and  the  following  directors  put  in 
charge:  W.  K.  Gooderl,  A.  J.  Hutchinson,  William  Hoyle,  \Y.  F.  Boden. 
R.  W.  Anderson,  Edward  Urban  and  J.  C.  Beckett.  The  first  officers 
were  \Y.  K.  Gooderl,  president;  R.  W.  Anderson,  vice-president;  J. 
E.  Lawrence,  secretary;  W.  S.  McCartney,  treasurer.  The  last  named 
is  the  only  original  officer  living. 

Meetings  were  first  held  in  the  Burgess  building,  in  rooms  now  oc- 
cupied by  Attorney  George  Dngan,  then  in  the  room  above  the  present 
Times  office,  and  next  to  the  Madison  building. 

There  have  been  three  presidents,  W.  K.  Gooderl,  to  January  1, 
1888;  R.  W.  Anderson,  from  1888  to  April,  1902;  O.  M.  Hoge,  from  1902 
to  date.  James  E.  Lawrence  was  secretary  from  1885  to  February,  1901. 
T.  R.  Deselm  from  1901  to  date. 

The  present  officers  are:  O.  M.  Hoge,  president;  A.  M.  Sarchet. 
vice-president;  T.  R.  Deselm,  secretary,  and  W.  S.  McCartney,  treas- 
urer. The  directors  are  O.  M.  Hoge.  A.  M.  Sarchet.  M.  L.  Hartley.  J. 
M.  Logan,  T.  E.  Cook,  W.  B.  Green,  W.  N.  Bradford.  The  capital  was 
originally  $50,000,  but  in  March,  1890,  was  increased  to  $100,000:  Feb- 
ruary,   1893,   to  $500,000;   August   4,    1903,   to   $1,000,000.      Tin     stock 


now  in  force  amounts  to  $700,000  in  shares  of  fifty  dollars  each.  The 
number  of  stockholders  is  now  one  thousand.  This  company  loans  only 
on  first  mortgage  property  and  has  never  lost  a  dollar  yet  and  many 
a  poor  man  in  Cambridge  has  been  able  to  secure  his  home  by  this 
method  of  making  his  loan.  It  is  certainly  one  of  the  city's  safe  and 
solid  financial  institutions. 


There  have  been  two  bank  failures  in  the  history  of  the  county, 
the  one  of  the  McCracken  Bank,  in  about  1867,  which  was  said  to  have 
been  occasioned  by  the  decline  of  wool,  in  which  the  bank  had  heavily 
invested  at  the  close  of  the  Civil  war  period,  when  prices  took  a  great 
tumble  and  caught  many  of  the  best  business  men,  merchants  and 
bankers  from  one  end  of  the  country  to  another.  The  depositors  were 
heavy  losers.  This  bank  had  been  robbed  a  few  years  prior  to  its 
failure  and  among  other  valuables  taken  were  some  government  bonds. 
The  thieves  were  never  captured. 

The  latest  and  second  bank  failure  was  that  of  the  Commercial 
Bank  of  Cambridge,  in  June,  1904,  when  this  institution  closed  its  doors 
and  went  into  the  hands  of  a  receiver,  it  being  a  state  banking  house. 
The  two  chief  stockholders  and  officers  both  absconded  and  later  it  was 
discovered  that  they  had  taken  from  the  bank's  funds  money  amounting 
to  more  than  $160,000.  The  capital  of  the  bank  was  $40,600.  Later  in 
that  year  one  of  the  absconders  was  discovered  living  in  Los  Angeles 
with  his  wife,  and  soon  was  arrested  upon  intelligence  sent  from  Cam- 
bridge, and  he  was  brought  back  and  stood  trial.  It  was  a  long-drawn- 
out  case,  tried  before  Judge  Mackey,  and  the  verdict  of  the  jury  was 
"guilty."  He  was  tried  on  many  counts,  but  only  one  sustained  and 
that  for  the  embezzlement  of  eighty-five  dollars.  The  case  was  appealed 
to  the  circuit  court  and  the  accused  man  was  acquitted.  The  other 
party  connected  with  the  bank  failure  was  never  heard  from. 



Every  county  has  its  special  resources  of  wealth  lavished  on  or 
within  the  earth  from  which  the  children  of  men  may  subsist,  if  perchance 
they  take  advantage  of  such  hidden  treasures.  The  Creator  has  pro- 
vided the  raw  material,  and  mankind  must  needs  dig  and  delve  and  bring 
such  deposits  to  the  surface  and  appropriate  them  to  their  use  and 
comfort.  Here  in  Guernsey  county,  while  the  soil  is  not  of  that  rich, 
productive  character  found  in  other  sections  of  the  country,  it  has 
stored  beneath  the  surface  rich  coal  fields  and  rich  deposits  of  clay  of 
various  grades,  from  which  brick,  tile  and  pottery  are  successfully  man- 

Coming  to  the  matter  of  coal — bituminous  or  soft  coal,  as  it  is 
usually  known — this  chapter  will  speak  especially,  and  incidentally  of 
clays,  gas  and  salt  found  here  in  commercial  paying  quantities. 

The  subject  of  mines  and  mining  and  of  geology  is  to  the  ordinary 
reader  a  dry  topic  and  is  of  most  interest  and  value  to  the  technical 
student  of  such  sciences.  From  the  earliest  date  it  was  known  by 
pioneers  that  this  count}'  contained  coal.  Just  what  its  value  might  be 
none  of  the  first  settlers  knew  or  even  conjectured.  Wood  was  plenti- 
ful then  and  the  matter  of  heating  the  cabins,  business  places,  schools 
and  churches  was  of  but  little  consequence  to  the  hardy  pioneers  who 
first  set  stakes  in  this  goodly  count)'  away  back  in  the  hist  years  of  the 
nineteenth  century. 

Coal  mining  in  this  county  was  not  developed  to  any  great  ex- 
tent until  in  the  seventies  and  early  eighties,  after  railroads  had  pene- 
trated this  territory  and  given  an  outlet  for  the  coal  product. 

At  other  places  in  this  work  some  of  the  early  coal  mines  have 
been  referred  to,  hence  need  not  be  repeated  here.  The  only  object  of 
this  chapter  is  to  make  a  lasting  record  of  the  coal  mining  industry  at 
this,  the  close  of  the  first  decade  of  the  twentieth  century,  t fiat  other 
men  in  later  decades  may  have  a  report  of  it.  The  facts  herein  have 
been  largely  extracted  from  the  chief  mine  inspector's  report. 


Ohio  had  in  1908  (last  official  report)  50,276  men  employed  in  the 
coal  mines  of  the  state.  Of  this  number  112  were  killed.  Seventeen 
per  cent  of  the  coal  mined  was  by  the  pick  process  and  eighty-two  by 
the  machine  process.  The  total  tonnage  mined  in  Ohio  was 
26,287,000.  There  are  thirty  counties  in  Ohio  in  which  coal  is  mined 

Guernsey  county  produced  1,985,248  tons  of  lump  coal;  303,586 
in  nut  coal;  637,614  tons  of  pea  and  slack  coal,  making  a  total  of 
2,926,448  tons.  The  rank  among  the  other  twenty-nine  counties  was 
fourth.  Of  this  total  tonnage,  41,673  tons  was  of  the  pick  process  of 
mining,  while  2,884,775  tons  were  of  the  machine  mine  process.  In  the 
one  hundred  and  twenty-nine  pick  mines  there  were  one  hundred  and 
forty-one  days  worked  and  the  amount  of  30,304  tons  produced  in  the 
county,  or  an  average  of  one  and  six-tenths  tons  per  day.  The  average 
cut  of  coal  for  each  machine,  per  day,  was  thirty-seven  tons.  The  total 
number  of  kegs  of  powder  employed  in  the  mines  in  1908  was  18,904. 
The  number  of  tons  produced  by  each  man  employed  about  the  mines  of 
Guernsey  county  was,  for  that  year,  595. 

There  were  three  new  mines  opened  up  in  1908  in  this  county, 
three  suspended  and  one  abandoned.  There  are  twenty-nine  "large 
mines"  in  this  county  and  twenty-three  "small  ones,"  making  a  total 
of  fifty-two  mines  being  operated  today.  Of  these,  twenty-three  are 
drift  mines ;  thirteen,  slope  mines,  and  fifteen,  shaft  mines,  making  the 
total  fifty-one.  In  these  mines  are  used  various  ventilating  methods. 
In  twenty-five  there  are  used  fans,  in  twenty,  "natural." 

Of  accidents  in  Guernsey  county  in  1908,  there  were  eighty-three; 
sixteen  fatal  accidents ;  forty-eight  serious  accidents  and  nineteen  minor 

Guernsey  county  is  within  the  fifth  Ohio  coal  district,  which  is 
composed  of  Guernsey,  Coshocton,  Tuscarawas  and  parts  of  Belmont  and 
Noble  counties.  W.  H.  Turner  was  inspector  for  this  district  and  re- 
sided at  Cambridge  in  1908.  He  made  one  hundred  and  twenty-two 
visits  to  mines  within  this  county  that  year. 

All  mines  in  this  county  are  working  the  No.  Seven  seam,  which 
runs  from  five  to  seven  feet  in  thickness,  except  Indian  Camp,  Union 
No.  1  and  Morris,  which  are  working  No.  Six  seam,  varying  from  two 
feet  four  inches  to  three  and  a  half  feet. 



Eureka  mine,  operated  by  the  Cambridge  Coal  and  Mining  Com- 
pany, of  Parkersburg,  West  Virginia,  is  a  slope,  two  hundred  and 
twenty-five  feet  long,  located  on  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  near  Byes- 
ville.  Eighteen  miners  arc  employed.  About  seventy-five  thousand  dollars 
were  expended  before  any  results  were  had  in  this  mine. 

Ideal  mine  is  a  shaft  seventy-five  feet  deep,  located  near  Byesville, 
and  is  wned  and  operated  by  the  Cambridge  Collieries  Company,  Cleve- 
land.     Fan  ventilation  and  electric  mining  machinery  are  used. 

Walhonding  No.  i,  owned  by  the  Cambridge  Collieries  Company, 
is  a  shaft  mine  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  feet  deep,  near  Pleasant 
City.     Ninety-four  miners  and  thirty  day  hands  are  kept  at  work. 

Walhonding  Xo.  2.  owned  by  the  Cambridge  Collieries  Company. 
is  a  shaft  one  hundred  and  sixty-one  feet  deep,  located  a  mile  and  a  half 
from  Buffalo,  on  the  line  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  (eastern  branch),  and 
here  modern  improvements  obtain. 

The  Hartford,  operated  by  the  above  company,  with  W.  H.  Davis,  of 
Byesville,  as  managed,  is  a  shaft  mine  eighty-five  feet  deep,  on  the  Bal- 
timore &  (  )hio  railroad.  It  has  fan  ventilation  and  electric  machinery 
for  mining.  Here  one  hundred  and  eighty  men  are  employed  and 
fifty-seven  day  men. 

Trail  Run  No.  1,  also  the  property  of  the  above  collieries  company, 
is  a  shaft  mine  seventy-five  feet  deep,  situated  near  Trail  run,  on  the 
Pennsylvania  road.  Fan  ventilation  and  electric  machines  are  installed. 
One  hundred  and  nine  miners  are  employed  and  fifty-nine  day  men. 
Trail  Run  No.  2,  operated  by  the  same  coal  company,  is  a  shaft  mine 
one  hundred  and  twelve  feet  deep,  uses  fans  and  has  electric  appliances. 
Two  hundred  miners  find  work  in  this  extensive  mine. 

The  Detroit  mine,  owned  by  the  Cambridge  Collieries  Company,  is 
a  shaft  one  hundred  and  eighty-five  feet  in  depth,  near  Ava.  Fan  ven- 
tilation and  electric  machines  are  used  in  operating  the  mines.  One 
hundred  and  seventy-five  miners  are  worked  at  this  mine  and  seventy- 
five  day  hands. 

Midway  mine  is  located  near  Byesville,  on  the  Pennsylvania  road. 
Fifty-one  men  are  used  in  mining  coal  here.  Fan  ventilators  and  electric 
machines  are  employed  here. 

Blue  Bell  mine  is  a  shaft   eighty-five   feet  deep,  located   near  Blue 



Bell.  Ohio,  and  operated  by  the  Cambridge  Collieries  Company.  Here 
about  one  hundred  and  fifty  men  are  employed. 

Imperial  mine  is  located  at  Derwent,  this  county,  on  the  Pennsyl- 
vania road;  is  a  shaft  mine  one  hundred  and  ten  feet  deep.  It  is  oper- 
ated by  the  Imperial  Coal  Company.  Fan  ventilation  and  electric 
mining  machines  obtain. 

Ohio  Xo.  I,  a  drift  mine  near  Cambridge,  on  the  Pennsylvania 
railroad,  is  owned  by  the  O'Gara  Coal  Company.  Chicago.  Thirty- 
two  miners  are  worked  here  and  fourteen  day  hands.  This  was  called 
Nicholson  No.  i. 

Ohio  No.  2,  owned  as  above,  is  a  shaft  mine  sixty-five  feet  deep. 
One   hundred  and  thirty-two  miners  are  employed  and  fifty  day  men. 

Red  Oak  mine,  located  near  Byesville,  operated  by  J.  R.  McBurney, 
Cambridge,  has  a  furnace  ventilation,  compressed  air  mining  and  pump- 
ing appliances.     Twenty  men  find  work  here  and  five  day  hands. 

Murray  Hill  slope  mine,  near  Klondyke  on  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio 
railroad,  is  operated  by  the  Akron  Coal  Company.  Forty  miners  and 
sixteen  day  men  are  employed. 

Klondyke  slope  mine  is  situated  near  Klondyke,  Ohio,  and  is  a 
hundred  and  fifty  foot  slope  mine,  employing  ninety  miners  and  thirty- 
one  clay  men.     Several  accidents  have  occurred  here. 

King's  mine,  operated  by  the  Morris  Coal  Company,  of  Cleveland, 
is  a  shaft  mine  one  hundred  feet  deep,  near  Lore  City,  employing  two 
hundred  miners  and  eighty  day  men. 

Old  Orchard  mine  is  operated  by  the  Morris  Coal  Company,  of 
Cleveland,  is  a  shaft  mine  forty-eight  feet  deep,  near  Mineral  Siding. 

Black  Top  mine,  owned  by  the  last  named  company,  is  located  in 
this  county  and  employs  one  hundred  and  thirty-four  men. 

Cleveland  mine  No.  I  is  a  shaft  almost  two  hundred  feet  deep,  lo- 
cated near  Senecaville  and  is  operated  by  the  Morris  Coal  Company. 
One  hundred  and  thirty-five  miners  are  employed  and  forty-eight  day 

West  Branch  mine  is  located  near  Byesville,  operated  by  the  Clin- 
ton Coal  and  Mining  Company;  is  a  sixty-five  foot  slope  mine  on  a 
switch  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad.  Coal  was  discovered  here  in  1903. 

Buckeye  mine,  located  near  Byesville,  is  operated  by  the  National 
Coal  Company.  It  is  a  hundred  and  fifteen  foot  slope.  One  hundred 
and  eighteen  men  are  employed  as  miners  and  thirty-five  day  men. 

Little  Kate  No.  2  is  a  slope  mine  three  hundred  feet  long,  and  is 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    0.  243 

on  a  switch  leading  from  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  road,  near  Blue  Bell. 
It  is  owned  and  operated  by  the  National  Coal  Company  of  Akron. 
Thirty-three  miners  and  eighteen  day  men  are  employed. 

White  Ash  mine  is  located  near  Byesville  and  is  operated  by  the 
Puritan  Coal  Company,  Cambridge.  Fan  ventilation  and  electric  min- 
ing machines  are  employed.  Here  twenty-four  miners  and  eight  day 
men  are  employed. 

The  Puritan  mine,  owned  by  the  Puritan  Coal  Company,  Cam- 
bridge, is  a  shaft  one  hundred  and  six  feet  deep,  situated  near  Derwent, 
on  the  Pennsylvania  railroad.  It  has  fan  ventilation  and  employs  one 
hundred  and  twenty-seven  miners  and  forty-two  day  men. 

The  Forsythe  mine,  located  near  Mineral  Siding,  is  a  slope  of 
one  hundred  and  ten  feet  in  depth.  Here  one  hundred  and  seventy-six 
miners  find  employment  and  fifty-eight  day  men.  It  is  owned  by  the 
Forsythe  Coal  Company,  Cambridge. 

Leatherwood  No.  2  mine  is  operated  by  the  Leatherwood  Consoli- 
dated Coal  Company,  of  Toledo.  Fifty-three  miners  are  employed  and 
tw  enty-one  day  men. 

Guernsey  Brick  mine,  situated  near  Byesville.  is  operated  by  the 
Guernsey7  Clay  Company.  Furance  ventilation,  picking  and  mule  hauling 
are  the  mining  methods  employed  here.  Nine  men  are  employed  as 
miners  and  two  day  hands. 

Indian  Camp  is  a  drift  mine  located  near  Union  No.  I,  and  is  oper- 
ated by  the  same  company  as  the  last  named. 


Besides  the  larger  coal  mines  in  Guernsey'  count}'  may  be  named 
the  Eollowing:  The  Morris,  Burn's,  Wild  Cat,  Keenan,  Carter.  Hollings- 
worth,  B.  L.  Galloway,  Webster  No.  1,  Webster  No.  2.  Montgomery, 
Saver,  Hall,  McCormick,  Spencer,  Bates,  Lingo  and  Briar  Hill. 

In  the  way  of  fire  clays,  there  was  mined  in  this  county  in  1908,  five 
thousand  eight  hundred  tons  of  superior  fire  clay. 


We  mentioned  several  months  since  that  Elza  Scott,  of  this  vicin- 
ity, who  owns  very  extensive  coal  mines  on  the  Central  Ohio  railroad, 
east  of  this  place,  and  who  for  a  number  of  years  past  has  been  exten- 


sively  engaged  in  shipping  coal,  was  engaged  in  boring  for  salt.  Mr. 
Scott  succeeded  in  striking  a  very  strong  vein  of  salt  water  at  a  depth  of 
nearly  one  thousand  feet,  and  his  works  are  now  in  successful  operation. 
He  now  runs  one  furnace,  and  makes  daily  from  twenty-five  to  thirty 
barrels  of  salt,  of  very  superior  quality.  It  is  estimated  that  the  well 
affords  sufficient  water  to  make  from  fifty  to  seventy-five  barrels  of  salt 
a  day.  Although  Mr.  Scott  has  already  expended  about  fifteen  thousand 
dollars  in  the  erection  of  his  works,  he  intends  soon  to  start  another 
furnace  and  run  the  well  to  its  full  capacity.  We  are  glad  to  learn  that 
Mr.  Scott's  enterprise  is  being  well-rewarded  pecuniarily.  His  net  daily 
income  from  his  salt  manufactory  alone  is  fifty  dollars,  and  will  be  about 
one  hundred  dollars  per  day  after  the  erection  of  another  furnace. — 
Times,  February  7,  1865. 


Within  about  three  miles  of  Cambridge,  in  a  direct  line,  on  the 
premises  of  David  Sarchet,  Sr.,  is  an  inexhaustible  salt  well,  from  which 
constantly  flows  a  stream  of  salt  water  several  inches  in  diameter,  and 
with  it  a  large  and  constant  supply  of  natural  gas,  which  can  be  ignited 
at  any  time  by  merely  holding  a  lighted  match  near  the  flowing  stream. 
We  have  the  authority  of  a  scientific  gentleman  from  the  east,  who 
visited  this  well  during  the  oil  excitement  here,  for  saying  that  there 
is  an  abundance  of  gas  flowing  from  this  well  to  light  up  a  place  much 
larger  than  Cambridge,  and  that  it  could  easily  be  conducted  here  for 
that  purpose  at  no  very  great  cost;  and  he  expressed  great  surprise  that 
steps  had  never  been  taken  to  utilize  so  valuable  a  production  of  nature. 
The  subject  is  one  which  should  sufficiently  claim  the  attention  of  the 
city  fathers  as  to  cause  them  to  make  such  investigation  of  the  matter 
as  to  ascertain  the  feasibility  of  the  plan,  and  what  the  cost  would  be, 
and.  if  not  too  great,  measures  should  be  be  instituted  to  light  our  fast 
.growing  little  city  with  it.  This  subject  is  brought  to  our  mind  by 
noticing  an  item  stating  that  Erie,  Pennsylvania,  has  been  lighted  up 
with  natural  gas,  that  flows  from  a  well  sunk  near  that  place.  Informa- 
tion in  regard  to  the  matter  could  doubtless  be  obtained  by  writing  to 
the  Erie  Gas  Company,  Erie,  Pennsylvania.  The  subject,  we  think,  is 
at  least  worthy  of  a  little  investigation  by  our  city  authorities. — Times, 
November  3,  1870. 


First  house  erected  in  Cambridge,  in  which  was  the 
first  store,  in  which  the  first  church  was  organ- 
ized, and  in  which  the  first  funeral  ser- 
mon was  preached.     Location,  north- 
east  corner  of  Seventh   St.   and 
Wheeling  Ave. 

First  Methodist  Church  in  Cambridge.     Dedicated 

1S35,   by    Dr.   Joseph   M.   Trimble.     Building  and 

ground  cost  not  more  than  $500. 



Cambridge,  the  county  scat  of  Guernsey  count}',  derived  its  name 
from  Cambridge  in  Maryland,  from  whence  came  many  settlers  in  [808. 
The  buildings  of  the  present  city  reflect  the  enterprise  and  plans  of  its 
citizens  and  property  owners.  There  are  today  more  than  five  square 
miles  (if  territory  within  its  limits  and  it  has  a  population  of  about  fifteen 
thousand,  largely  American  and  English-speaking  people.  The  good, 
modern  class  of  business  houses,  factories,  churches,  schools  and 
residences  bespeak  of  thrift,  taste  and  wealth.  Modern  Cambridge, 
from  a  municipal  standpoint,  is  the  direct  outgrowth  of  splendid  natural 
advantages,  supplemented  by  an  untiring  effort  of  progressive  business 
men.  The  coal  mines  in  the  immediate  vicinity  employ  upwards  of  four 
thousand  five  hundred  men,  who  are  paid  good  wages,  while  the  mills, 
factories  and  railroad  shops  employ  fully  twenty-five  hundred  more. 
The  city  draws  a  retail  trade  from  a  radius  of  twenty  miles  and  in  this 
territory  reside  almost  fifty  thousand  people. 

Its  location  is  fifty-six  miles  from  Wheeling  and  eighty-five  from 
Columbus,  and  its  original  plat  is  located  in  township  2,  range  3.  The 
place  was  platted  by  Jacob  Gomber  and  Zaccheus  A.  Beatty,  June  2. 
1806.  The  first  houses  were  made  from  logs  of  the  forests  which  were 
a  part  of  the  tract  of  land  upon  which  the  new  town  was  surveyed  by 
the  pioneer  fathers.  Among  the  first  of  these  rude,  but  quite  comfortable 
houses  was  that  of  the  Sarchets.  erected  in  1807.  and  in  which  was  kept 
the  first  store.  In  it  was  organized  the  first  church  society  (  the  First 
Methodist  Episcopal)  and  in  it  was  preached  the  first  funeral  sermon. 
Its  exact  location  was  on  the  northeast  corner  of  Wheeling  avenue  and 
Seventh  streets.  It  remained  standing  until  recent  years  and  is  now 
superseded  by  a  good  business  house. 

In  a  March  number  of  the  Cambridge  Herald,  in  18SS,  the  author 
gave  the  history  of  what  he  termed  "The  Oldest  House  Tn  Town."  in 
the  following  language: 

The  old  three-story  log  building  on  the  west  end  of  Wheeling  ave- 


nue,  now  being  taken  down,  is  a  relic  of  the  past.  The  old  logs  are  a 
reminder  of  the  days  when  the  present  site  of  Cambridge  was  a  forest 
of  timber,  tall  oaks  and  poplar,  which  had  stood  the  blasts  of  many  a 
western  wind,  covered  the  landscape,  telling  to  pioneers  the  richness  of 
the  soil.  In  those  early  days  the  more  and  larger  the  timber,  the  more 
desirable  the  land.  As  we  looked  today  at  this  old  structure,  logs  of  oak 
and  poplar,  hewed  to  a  line  with  corners  notched  square  and  plumb, 
we  were  led  to  think  of  the  boldness  and  hardihood  of  those  pioneers 
who  entered  the  wilderness  to  hew  out  these  ponderous  structures.  This 
age  would  not  be  equal  to  the  task.  This  house  was  built  by  Judge 
George  Metcalf,  and  was  the  second  house  built  on  the  town  plat.  The 
old  John  Beatty  house,  which  stood  on  a  lot  now  part  of  the  Taylor 
block,  and  was  destroyed  by  fire  some  years  ago,  was  the  first.  AYhat 
year  this  house  was  built  is  not  certainly  known,  but  it  was  just  a  new 
structure  in  1806.  when  Thomas  Sarchet  settled  in  Cambridge.  Built 
as  it  was  on  the  top  of  the  hill,  it  was  first  two  stories.  It  was  built  for 
a  tavern  and  was  located  on  wdiat  was  intended  to  be  the  main  street  of 
Cambridge.  But  at  the  time  of  its  building,  the  principal  thoroughfare, 
the  Zane  trace,  passed  north  of  it.  When  the  National  road  wras  graded 
through  the  hill,  the  cut,  still  shown  on  the  south,  was  much  higher  on 
the  north  side,  and  left  the  house  high  up  on  the  bank.  This  was  in  the 
year  1826.  We  may  say  that  for  twenty-two  years  it  was  a  two-story 
tavern.  Judge  Metcalf  made  the  excavation  under  the  house  and  built 
in  the  under  story,  having  it  completed  with  the  completion  of  the 
National  road  through  Cambridge  in  1828,  and  from  that  time  continued 
the  tavern  in  the  three-story  house,  being  the  first  three-story  house  in 
Cambridge,  and  he  continued  to  occupy  it  as  a  tavern  up  to  1843.  The 
name  of  the  house  has  always  been  the  Mansion  House.  Judge  Metcalf 
was  followed  by  a  Mrs.  Greer,  and  she  by  George  Hawn.  These  occupied 
it  but  a  few  years,  and  it  has  since  been  a  general  tenement  house  for 
more  than  thirty  years. 

Judge  Metcalf's  taven  had  a  reputation  far  and  wide.  Man}-  were 
the  horsemen  who  would,  on  their  journeys,  strive  to  make  Metcalf's  to 
stay  over  night  or  for  dinner.  And  the  jolly  stage  passengers  were  more 
jolly  after  having  dined  at  the  Judge's.  We  might  fill  pages  telling  of 
the  balls,  quiltings  and  wool  pickings,  where  ''joy  was  unconfined,"  with- 
in the  lo»-  walls  of  this  old  house,  when  there  was  no  "high  crust"  or  "low 
crust,"  but  "men  were  men  for  a'  that,"  and  women  too,  "though  clad  in 
hodden  grey  and  a'  that."     In  the  rear  of  this  old  house  was  a  beautiful 

GUERNSEY     COUNTS  .    OHIO.  _'4" 

grass  plat,  well  shaded,  where  in  the  summer  time  the  table  was  spread, 
and  art  and  nature  vied  with  each  other  to  make  dinner  or  supper  hour 
a  Feasl  which  the  gods  might  envy. 

In  [812,  the  first  company  raised  in  Guernse)  count)  For  the  war, 
commanded  by  Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  were  given  here  a  free  dinner,  and  later 
on  this  grass  plat,  on  great  occasions,  general  muster  or  first  court  day, 
would  be  lilled  with  tallies,  and  the  clanking  of  knives  and  forks  and 
dishes  told  full  well  that  good  cheer  and  happiness  surrounded  the  board. 

We  now  remember  of  but  one  accident  of  note  that  happened  at  this 

Old  house.  In  the  fall  of  the  year  [837,  a  horseman  named  Levi  Morgan 
stayed  over  night,  and  was  furnished  a  room  in  the  third  store.  In  the 
morning  he  was  found  lying  dead  on  the  pavement.  It  was  supposed,  the 
window  being  up,  that  he  had  rolled  out.  There  was  nothing  among  his 
effects  to  show  where  he  came  from.  I  lis  horse,  saddle  and  bridle,  and 
what  little  money  he  had,  was  used  for  the  expense  of  his  burial,  and 
for  a  stone  to  mark  his  grave,  which  reads: 


Died  September  _>_>nd,   1837. 

"Be  ye  therefore  ready,  for  in  such 

an  hour  as  ye  think   not,  the  Son   of 

Man  cometh." 

(Published  in  the  News  in   lsTiM 

All  classes  of  the  mechanical  arts  essential  to  the  wants  in  starting  a 
town  in  the  backwoods  were  represented  among  the  first  settlers — car- 
penters, wagonmakers,  blacksmiths,  cabinetmakers,  shoemakers  and 
weavers.  To  build  a  cabin  was  but  the  work  of  a  day.  Many  accounts 
are  given  where  the  timber  was  taken  from  the  stump,  the  cabin  raised, 
roofed  and  floored,  with  puncheons,  and  a  regular  "housewarming"  had 
at  night  in  the  way  of  "tripping  the  light,  fantastic  toe." 

The  first  hotel  opened  to  the  public  in  the  town  proper  was  by 
George  R.  Tingle,  in  a  part  of  the  old  house  still  occupied  by  the  Tingles, 
Travelers  were  notified  that  it  was  a  house  of  security  and  safety,  by  the 
sign  of  the  cross  keys.  A  little  later  George  Metcalf  opened  the  Mansion 
House,  now  the  Sidle   House,   then   a  one-story   building,   and   Captain 

,248  GUERNSEY    COUNTY,    OHIO.  < 

Knowls  opened  the  "Traveler's  Rest,"  in  the  old  log  house  that  stood  on 
the  Webster  lot.  At  the  close  of  the  war  of  1812  and  for  years  after, 
Cambridge  could  boast  of  six  hotels  in  good  running  order,  with  open 
bars  where  whisky  was  sold  at  three  cents  a  drink. 

The  first  store  was  opened  by  John  and  Thomas  Sarchet,  in  the  room 
now  occupied  by  T.  C.  Marsh  for  a  cigar  and  tobacco  store,  in  which  was 
retailed  dry  goods,  groceries  and  the  regular  "old  hardware"  by  the 

The  first  brick  house  was  built  by  John  Sarchet,  on  the  Shoufield 
corner;  the  second,  front  of  the  Fordyce  house,  by  Jacob  Gomber.  The 
sawed  lumber  used  in  construction  of  the  first  house  was  whipsawed  by 
two  Scotchmen,  named  Landy  and  Miller,  who  had  a  mill  erected  011  the 
Presbyterian  church  lot,  where  lumber  was  sawed  to  order. 


On  the  whipping-post  in  Cambridge,  Colonel  Sarchet  wrote  in  the 
Times,  in  the  spring  of  1906,  as  follows: 

The  first  session  of  the  common  pleas  court  of  Guernsey  county,  held 
in  the  new  court  house,  was  the  August  term,  1816.  The  journal  reads: 
"The  court  of  common  pleas  was  held  in  the  court  house  in  Cambridge, 
Guernsey  county,  Ohio.  Present:  Hon.  William  Wilson,  presiding 
judge:  Jacob  Gomber,  Robert  Spears  and  Thomas  B.  Kirkpatrick,  asso- 
ciate judges.  The  first  jury  case  called  was:  The  State  of  Ohio  vs. 
Samuel  Timmins,  indicted  for  uttering  base  coin.  The  following  jury 
was  called:  James  Thompson,  John  Tedrick,  James  Bratton,  William 
Pollock.  William  Allen,  Hugh  Martin,  Jesse  Marsh,  Thomas  Roberts. 
Andrew  McClary,  George  McCleary,  John  Huff  and  James  Lloyd." 
Samuel  Timmons  was  found  guilty  in  the  case  for  the  same  offense,  and 
was  sentenced  by  the  court  to  receive,  in  one  case,  nineteen  lashes  on 
his  bare  back,  and  in  the  other  case,  twenty  lashes.  He  was  whipped 
on  two  different  days.  On  the  first  day  nineteen  lashes  and  on  the  next 
day  twenty  lashes.  This  was  a  case  of  speedy  execution.  There  was 
no  motion  for  stay  of  execution  or  arrest  of  judgment.  Elijah  Dyson. 
sheriff,  did  the  whipping.  It  was  done  in  the  presence  of  the  grand  jurors 
who  found  the  indictments  and  of  the  jurors  who  found  him  guilty,  and 
others  who  were  in  attendance  at  court  and  citizens  of  the  town.  1'he 
whipping  was  in  public.  A  large  oak  tree,  perhaps  two  feet  in  diameter, 
that  stood  near  where  the  large  elm  now  stands  on  the  southwest  corner 


of  the  square,  had  been  shattered  by  a  windstorm  from  the  wist.  It  was 
broken  square  off  apast  the  centre  some  eight  or  ten  feet  from  the  ground 
and  slivered  down  to  the  ground  on  the  east  side.  This  stump  had  stood 
there  for  many  years  until  the  hark  was  off  it.  Its  west  side  was  smooth. 
The  prisoner  was  stripped  down  to  below  the  waist.  Then  he  was  tied 
by  the  arms  around  the  stump  with  a  cord  and  also  with  a  curd  around 
his  legs  and  around  the  stump.  It  was  said  that  the  lashes  were  well  laid 
on  and  that  the  blood  flowed  at  every  cut.  This  old  stump  was  used  as 
a  hitching  post  within  the  memory  of  the  writer.  Certainly  at  this  day 
this  would  seem  brutal  and  inhuman,  yet  brutality  may  be  protected. 
This  was  the  only  case  of  whipping  in  this  county.  Judge  Wilson  was 
known  throughout  his  district  as  the  "Whipping  Judge." 

There  was  introduced  at  the  beginning  of  the  present  (1906)  Legis- 
lature a  bill  to  re-establish  the  whipping  post  for  the  punishment  of  cer- 
tain minor  crimes.  The  whipping  post  law  under  the  old  constitution 
of  (  )hio  was  repealed  by  the  Legislature  of  1829-30.  Gen.  James  M.  Bell, 
Esq.,  was  the  representative  from  Guernsey  county  and  the  speaker  of 
(he  House.  He  opposed  the  repeal  of  the  law.  and  in  a  speech  favoring 
lis  continuance,  gave  substantially  the  same  reasons  as  did  President 
Roosevelt  in  his  message  to  the  present  (1906)  Congress,  advocating  a 
whipping  post  law  for  the  punishment  of  minor  offenses. 


All  about  was  a  wilderness.  The  Sarchets  were  the  first  purchasers 
of  lots  in  the  town,  and,  after  the  Beatty  house,  built  the  first  cabin  on 
the  town  plat.  The  second  Guernsey  settlers  came  to  Cambridge  in 
Tune,  1807.  The  deeds  were  all  made  to  Guernsey  settlers,  except  one 
to  William  Marsh.  The  deeds  to  out-lots  were  not  made  until  the  county 
was  formed  in  1810.  In  the  fall  of  1807  the  settlement  had  grown  to  the 
proportions  of  a  hamlet,  consisting  of  log  cabins,  located  along  the  main 
thoroughfare,  now  Wheeling  avenue,  as  follows,  and  all  inhabited  by  a 
sturdy  people:  Thomas  Sarchet,  two  cabins  at  what  is  now  the  corner 
of  Seventh  street  and  Wheeling  avenue,  on  north  side  of  latter:  across 
the  street  to  the  southward  were  those  of  John  Sarchet :  on  the  west  lot 
on  the  corner  of  West  Eighth  street  were  the  cabins  of  Peter  Sarchet: 
on  what  is  now  the  National  Hotel  site  were  those  of  Tames  Bichard, 
and  then  on  the  next  corner  east  those  of  Thomas  Xaftcl :  on  what  is 
now  the  Doctor  Ramsey  and  C.  B.  Cook  dwellings  were  the  cabins  of 


William  Marsh ;  on  the  square  from  Ninth  street  to  the  Orme  Hardware 
Company  building,  south  side  Wheeling  avenue,  were  the  cabins  of 
Thomas  Lenfesty,  Mrs.  Hubert,  Maria  and  Charles  Marquand,  and  to  the 
westward,  across  the  alley,  on  the  present  J.  M.  Ogier  lot,  was  the  cabin 
of  his  grandfather,  William  Ogier.  With  the  exception  of  three  cabins, 
located  on  the  north  side  of  Wills  creek,  south  of  the  present  Pennsyl- 
vania railway  depot,  which  were  outside  the  original  plat,  the  aforenamed 
buildings  constituted  the  town  of  Cambridge  at  that  time. 


The  following,  written  in  1839,  shows  the  business  outlook  of  Cam- 
bridge at  that  date : 

For  some  years  past  there  has  been  quite  a  change  in  the  business 
of  this  place.  It  is  now  no  uncommon  thing  to  see  the  streets  thronged 
with  horses  and  wagons,  groaning  under  the  loads  of  produce  brought  for 
the  purpose  of  trading  or  for  sale.  There  are  seven  stores  in  this  place, 
which  sell  annually  about  fifty  thousand  dollars  worth  of  goods,  and 
it  may  not  be  out  of  place  here  to  remark,  that  goods  can  be  bought  in 
Cambridge  as  cheap,  at  retail,  as  they  can  be  purchased  on  the  river  Ohio 
or  in  the  Atlantic  cities.  It  will  be  discovered,  by  reference  to  our  adver- 
tising columns,  that  they  keep  up  their  assortment — a  stock  amongst 
which  can  be  found  any  article  now  in  general  use. 

Besides  the  fertility  of  the  soil,  its  peculiar  adaptation  to  the  raising 
of  wheat  and  grazing  cattle,  the  citizens  of  the  valley  of  Wills  creek  have 
the  good  fortune  to  be  blessed  with  salt  wells  in  abundance,  which  article 
can  be  had  here  at  half  the  price  it  sells  for  in  other  portions  of  the  state. 

Coals  of  an  excellent  kind  can  be  found  in  all  the  hills  which  surround 
our  place.  The  veins  are  generally  from  three  to  five  feet,  and  the  coal  is 
easily  and  cheaply  obtained  by -mining. 

Nor  is  Cambridge  deficient  in  morals,  nor  unthankful  for  its  great 
natural  comforts  and  advantages.  We  have  four  churches,  which  are 
generally  well  filled  on  the  day  of  rest.  AVe  have  also  an  academy  in 
quite  a  flourishing  conidtion.  Although  it  has  been  opened  but  a  few 
months,  vet  thirty-five  or  forty  students  may  be  found  within  its  walls — 
ami  lastly,  though  not  least  in  point  of  consequence  or  usefulness,  we 
have  a  public  library,  containing  between  seven  and  eight  hundred 
volumes  of  well  selected  books. 

'I"he  past  dry  summer — so  dry,  indeed,  that  the  mighty  Mississippi 

i.l    KK.\SK\     COUNTV,    OHIO.  _S  I 

dwindled  to  a  mere  streamlet— convinced  our  citizens  of  the  necessity  of 
erecting  a  steam  flouring  mill.  Three  gentlemen  have  associated  them- 
selves together  for  thai  purpose,  and  have  already  commenced  opera- 
tions. It  is  contemplated  to  have  sufficient  power  for  carding,  fulling, 
manufacturing  jeans,  sawing,  etc.  It  is  expected  that  this  mill  will  be 
finished  against  the  period  water  mills  usually  sin,,  for  want  of  their 
"peculiar  element."  The  erection  of  tins  mill  will  not  only  be  a  great 
advantage  and  convenience  to  the  citizens  of  the  county  generally;  by 
creating  an  increased  demand  for  wheat  as  well  as  regulating  the  price 
of  that  article,  but  it  will,  at  the  same  time,  vastly  increase  the  business 
of  this  place — a  place,  we  are  inclined  to  think,  that  will  ere  Ion-  he  of 
considerable  commercial  importance. — Guernsey  Times.  January,  [839. 

At  one  of  the  sessions  of  the  city  council,  an  ordinance  was  intro- 
duced— whether  passed  or  not  is  not  remembered — for  the  submission  to 
the  electors  of  the  city  the  question,  whether  bonds  to  the  amount  of 
five  thousand  dollars  should  be  issued  for  the  purpose  of  erecting  a  city 
market  house.  It  may  not  be  amiss  to  give  a  little  of  former  market 
house  history.  At  the  June  session  of  county  commissioners  in  1827  a 
grant  was  given  the  citizens  of  Cambridge  to  erect  a  market  house  on 
the  public  grounds  anywhere  south  of  the  court  house,  so  as  not  to 
obstruct  the  view  of  the  court  house  from  the  main  street.  At  the  time 
there  was  no  building  of  any  kind  on  the  Davis  corner  nor  on  the  Central 
National  Bank  corner.  The  only  buildings  near  the  court  house  were 
the  old  log  jail  on  the  east,  located  partly  on  what  is  now  East  Eighth 
street,  and  a  log  house  located  on  West  Eighth  street  where  the  Brant- 
hoover  and  Johnson  building  is  now  located.  The  market  house  was 
located  south  of  the  jail  and  was  partly  on  East  Eighth  street  as  now 
bounded.  A  reference  to  the  original  town  plat  will  show  that  there  were 
no  streets  marked  through  the  public  grounds.  The  street  south  of  Main 
and  south  of  the  public  grounds  was  called  Market  street.  Why  this 
first  market  house,  built  by  the  proprietors  of  the  town  and  its  citizens, 
was  not  located  on  Market  street  of  the  town  plat,  we  have  no  means  of 
knowing.  The  market  house  was  built  of  brick,  with  pillars  of  brick  on 
the  sides,  arched  from  pillar  to  pillar,  with  arched  entrances  at  the  south 
and  north  ends,  and  was  in  dimensions  forty  by  twenty  feet.  The  roof 
had   a   wide   projection   from   the   square   of  the  building  on   either   side. 


Between  the  pillars  were  the  sale  counters,  and  at  the  butchers'  stalls 
were  the  cutting  blocks  and  hanging  racks.  The  stalls  were  rented  to 
the  butchers  and  regular  country  hucksters.  There  were  regular  market 
days,  and  the  market  was  under  the  charge  of  a  market  master.  On  other 
than  market  days  people  from  the  country  displayed  what  they  had  for 
sale  at  the  market  house  by  paying  a  small  sum  for  the  privilege.  As 
Col.  Z.  A.  Beatty  was  the  largest  stockholder,  his  son,  John  P.  Beatty. 
was  the  market  master,  and  as  the  Colonel  was  in  the  salt  manufacturing 
business,  he  kept  in  the  market  house  salt  for  sale  by  the  barrel  or  less 
quantity,  which  was  kept  in  a  salt  box. 

For  some  years  within  the  memory  of  the  writer  the  market  house 
was  continued,  but  gradually  it  began  to  decline.  The  market  house 
became  a  place  for  country  people  to  hitch  their  horses  in  or  to,  and  on 
the  old  court  days  the  athletes  practiced  in  it  the  hop,  step  and  jump, 
and  pitched  quoits  in  it  on  rainy  days.  On  the  old  general  muster  days 
of  brigade,  regiment  and  company  muster,  in  and  around  it  were  sold 
cider,  gingerbread,  apples  and  watermelons,  and  occasional  fights  were 
mixed  in  between  the  sales,  and  strolling  auctioneers  used  it  to  cry  off 
their  goods.  Salt  having  been  kept  in  it,  the  town  cows  and  cattle  that 
roamed  the  woods  and  commons  and  old  George  R.  Tingle's  and  Old 
Harvey's  sheep  resorted  there  to  lick  the  pillars  and  sleep  at  night.  It 
became  a  public  nuisance.  The  pillars  were  half  licked  away,  and  instead 
of  the  citizens  going  there  to  market,  they  went  there  of  mornings  for 
their  cows.  The  McCracken  brick,  now  the  Davis  corner,  and  the 
Thomas  S.  Beatty  brick,  now  the  Hanna  corner,  had  been  built,  and  the 
Shaffner  brick,  now  the  Central  Bank  corner,  was  in  building  when  it 
was  thought  the  market  house  nuisance  ought  to  be  abated,  but  how,  was 
the  question.  It  was  private  property,  constructed  by  a  grant  from  the 
commissioners.  There  was  no  town  corporate  authority.  Some  young 
men,  most  all  of  whom  are  now  dead,  proposed  to  give  Bill  McMurray, 
father  of  Osmond  McMurray  of  this  city,  five  dollars  and  stand  between 
him  and  the  law,  if.  some  time  late  at  night,  he  being  engaged  to  haul 
cordwood  to  town  with  a  four-horse  team,  and  a  big.  broad-wheeled 
wagon,  he  would  hub  one  of  the  pillars  and  pull  the  market  house 
down.  The  opportune  time,  a  rainy  dark  night,  Bill  passed  by  it.  and 
hubbed  the  southwest  pillar,  cracked  his  long  blacksnake  whip,  and  away 
went  the  pillar  and  down  came  the  market  house,  and  Bill  and  his  team 
went  on  the  run  up  Main  street  faster  than  the  street  cars  go  today. 
Col.  Z.  A.  Beatty  was  then  living;  he  made  some  threats,  but  nothing 


was  t'one.     The  village  of  Cambridge  was  a  little  later  incorporated. — 
Cambridge  Herald. 


A  postoffice  was  established  in  Cambridge  in  1807.  The  firsl  post- 
master was' Cyrus  P.  Beatty,  and  then  Nicholas  Saithache,  and  from  early 
newspaper  files  it  is  discovered  that  the  postmasters  who  served  in  Cam- 
bridge after  1825  were  as  follows:  1826,  George  Metcalf;  1832,  Jacob 
Shaffner  was  postmaster  up  to  about  1840,  when  the  name  of  William  M. 
Ferguson  appears  at  the  end  of  the  list  of  advertised  letters;  1841,  came 
Isaac  Mcllyar;  1844.  William  Smith;  1845,  R.  Burns;  1851-53.  James  M. 
Smith;  1853,  James  O.  Grimes;  1851-53,  James  M.  Smith:  1853.  James  O. 

The  following  is  a  complete  list  of  the  Cambridge  postmasters,  in  the 
order  in  which  they  served,  regardless  of  the  years  each  served: 

Francis  Creighton. 
Edwin  R.  Nyce. 

William    McDonald. 
C.  L.  Madison. 
W.  H.  H.  Mcllyar. 
James  R.  Barr. 

Alpheus    L.    Stevens,    present 

In  one  of  the  old  newspaper  files  the  following  schedule  of  the  early- 
day  stage  lines  and  mail  service  has  been  discovered.  The  mail  left 
Bradshaw  (now  Fairview)  en  route  to  Zanesville,  via  Beymerstown  (now 
Washington),  a  distance  of  forty-five  miles,  making  it  in  fifteen  and  a 
half  hours.  Tt  was  a  tri-weekly  mail  service,  the  mail  being  carried  on 
horseback.  Fairview  was  laid  out  as  a  town  in  1814.  The  card  shows: 
Mail  going'  westward,  leaves  Bradshaw  every  Monday  morning, 
Wednesdays  and  Fridays,  at  just  half  past  three  in  the  morning,  and 
arrives  at  Cambridge  at  eleven-fifteen  in  the  morning':  at  Oliver,  by  four 
in  the  afternoon,  at  Zanesville  at  seven  in  the  evening.  The  item  above 
mentioned  in  the  newspaper  file  was  the  reproduction  of  an  old  crumpled- 
up  paper  wrapped  up  with  some  pills  in  a  box,  the  same  having  been 
carefully  laid  away  decades  ago  by  some  careful  housewife  of  Guernsey 


Cyrus  P.  Beatty  (1807). 



Nicholas  Saithache. 

1 1. 


Jacob  Shaffner. 



William  M.  Ferguson. 



Isaiah  Mcllyar. 



William  Smith. 



Robert  Burns. 



James  M.  Smith. 


James  O.  Grimes. 


From  the  author's  pen  in  an  article  written  for  the  Cambridge 
Jeffersonian,  in  October.  1906,  the  following  was  written  concerning  post- 
office  matters  in  this  city: 

"The  west  side  of  the  lot,  not  No.  22,  but  No.  21,  was  not  built  on 
till  1848.  The  postoffice  had  been  down  street  for  many  years.  After 
the  election  of  Gen.  Zachary  Taylor,  President,  it  was  claimed  by  the 
uptown  citizens  that  the  postoffice  should  be  removed  toward  them. 
Peter  Ogier  had  built  by  the  home  of  Thomas  Scott,  the  father  of  T.  W. 
Scott,  of  this  city,  a  postoffice  building  on  the  northwest  corner  of  the 
lot.     It  was  one  story  and  contained  two  rooms. 

"After  the  inauguration  of  President  Taylor,  March  4,  1849.  this 
building  was  ready  for  occupation  by  the  Whig  postmaster,  William 
Smith,  who  was  soon  after  appointed.  James  M.  Smith,  his  brother,  was 
his  deputy.  He  was  known  as  "lame  Jimmy  Smith."  It  was  divided 
into  two  rooms ;  the  outside  or  waiting  room  was  large,  and  the  room 
for  the  boxes  and  office  matter  was  large  enough  for  the  postoffice  busi- 
ness of  that  day.  There  were  seats  around  the  room  for  the  accommoda- 
tion of  persons  waiting  for  the  mails  to  be  distributed. 

"At  that  time  there  were  two  daily  mails,  carried  by  the  stage- 
coaches on  the  old  pike ;  one  from  the  east  in  the  forenoon  and  one  from 
the  west  in  the  afternoon,  that  began  soon  after  the  opening  of  the  old 
pike.  Before  that  the  mails  on  the  Wheeling  road  were  uncertain  as  to 
their  arrival,  and  not  always  daily.  There  were  regular  tri-weekly  mails 
from  Steubenville,  over  the  grade  road,  carried  in  stages,  but  in  the 
winter  the  mails  were  carried  on  horseback. 

"The  postoffice  was  kept  there  during  the  Taylor  and  Fillmore 
administrations.  Some  years  later,  the  present  drug  room,  now  being 
remodeled,  was  built.  Dr.  S.  B.  Clark  had  succeeded  the  Nattels,  and  the 
store  was  known,  both  the  old  and  the  new  room,  as  the  Ogier  and  Clark 
drug  store,  down  to  1857,  when  Peter  Ogier  became  sole  proprietor, 
the  name  being  Ogier's  Drug  Store.  After  his  death,  it  was  continued 
by  his  son.  the  late  John  M.  Ogier." 

The  first  postmaster  in  Cambridge,  C.  P.  Beatty,  made  a  letter-box 
himself  and  it  has  served  in  such  capacity  ever  since,  with  additional 
fixtures  as  the  times  demanded  them.  The  postal  route  was  then  from 
Wheeling  to  Zanesville,  and  was  established  about  1808.  Letters  were 
first  carried  by  travelers  passing  through  the  country.  The  postal  rate 
was  high  and  was  fixed  according  to  the  distance  carried.  If  from  Phila- 
delphia  to  Washington,  it  was   twenty-five  to  thirty   cents.     The   first 


post-boy  to  carry  mail  from  Cambridge  to  Zanesville  was  John  Magiffen, 
who  became  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  iNu,  and  is  buried  in  the  old  Cam- 
bridge cemetery. 

A    P0ST0FFICE   "PRIMARY"    imiukm. 

Cold  primaries  in  April  sometimes  -row  warm,  and  the  exciting  one 
in  this  city  April  2d  with  the  Republicans  was  not  an  entirely  new  thing 
in  Cambridge,  excepting,  perhaps,  as  to  the  use  of  whisky,  money,  etc. 

We  now  record  the  account  of  a  Democratic  one  that  took  place 
more  than  three  score  years  ago.  In  April,  1X40,  the  Cambridge  post- 
office  became  vacant  by  the  resignation  of  Jacob  Shaffner,  a  Democrat, 
and  the  following  public  call  issued: 


"The  citizens  of  Cambridge  and  vicinity  are  requested  to  meet  at 
the  court  house  on  Monday  evening,  April  20th,  for  the  purpose  of 
advising  on  a  suitable  person  to  be  recommended  to  fill  the  position  of 
postmaster  in  this  place. 

"  V  general  attendance  is  requested. 

"Many  Citizens." 

This  meeting  was  organized  by  appointing  Joseph  Stoner  chairman. 
lie  was  the  father  of  Mayor  Jim  Stoner,  of  Georgetown,  and  John  Bute, 
who  was  secretary,  was  an  uncle  of  Capt.  J.  B.  Ferguson,  of  this  city. 

It  was  understood  that  the  persons  voted  for  should  be  Democrats 
and  the  ones  receiving  the  greatest  number  of  votes  should  be  recom- 
mended for  appointment.  The  chairman's  hat.  a  large,  white  wool  hat, 
was  the  ballot  box.  The  Whigs  turned  out  in  force,  being  in  the  major- 
ity, and  decided  that  they  would  vote  for  William  Smith,  a  Whig,  who 
was  deputy  postmaster.  Chairman  Stoner.  thinking  there  was  some 
trick  being  played  by  the  Whigs,  declared  the  polls  closed,  put  on  his 
hat,  ballots  and  all,  and  adjourned  the  meeting.  The  votes  were  never 
counted.  While  the  leading  Democrats  were  trying  to  agree  on  a  candi- 
date to  again  be  voted  for  and  recommended  for  appointment,  old  Billy 
Ferguson  had  been  quietly  working,  through  his  brother  John,  an  official 
in  Washington  City,  and  before  the  next  voting  time  arrived,  old  Billy 
received  the  commission  and  took  charge  of  the  office.  The  abrupt 
closing  of  the  polls  by  Chairman  Stoner  had  the  effect  of  securing  the 
appointment  of  the  very  man  the  Democrats  were  most  opposed  to.  and 
Stoner  was  accused  of  usurping  authority  in  the  interest  of  Ferguson. 


The  Democratic  wrangle  succeeding  this  appointment,  for  fear  Van 
Buren  might  be  re-elected,  did  not  cease  until  General  Harrison  was 
elected,  and  Isaac  Mcllyar,  a  Whig,  was  appointed  to  the  office  succeed- 
ing Ferguson. 

The  Cambridge  office  became  a  postal  money  order  office  in  the 
month  of  December,  1871,  and  the  money  order  business  that  month 
amounted  to  two  thousand,  eight  hundred  and  thirty-three  dollars. 

The  money  order  business  for  the  month  of  October,  1910,  was 
fifteen  thousand,  three  hundred  and  thirty-seven  dollars  and  fifty-six 
cents,  received  on  orders  isued  from  this  point,  and  four  thousand,  three 
hundred  and  seventeen  dollars  on  orders  paid  out  from  this  office. 

Cambridge  had  a  free  delivery  of  mail  in  the  winter  of  1898-99.  At 
first  there  were  three  carriers,  but  today  there  are  seven. 

The  first  rural  route  was  started  from  Cambridge  in  1900,  and  it  has 
increased  to  ten  in  1910.  The  routes  average  about  twenty-four  miles 
each  and  give  the  farming  community  excellent  mail  facilities,  allowing 
them  to  receive  their  daily  papers  the  same  as  though  they  resided  in 
the  city. 

The  postal  savings  bank  system  was  inaugurated  at  Cambridge  at 
the  close  of   1910. 

The  office  has  been  in  its  present  quarters  thirteen  years. 


"On  Monday  last  an  office  of  the  National  Telegraph  Company  was 
opened  at  this  place,  in  the  room  over  Nyce  &  Matthews'  drug  store, 
and  Tames  D.  Hoge,  of  Zanesville,  appointed  operator.  This  will  be  a 
matter  of  great  convenience  to  our  citizens,  and  especially  to  our  busi- 
ness men.  For  the  information  of  our  readers,  we  have  procured  from 
Mr.  Hoge  the  following  schedule  of  charges  for  telegraphing  a  dispatch 
of  one  to  ten  words,  and  the  charge  for  each  additional  word: 

"For  ten  words  to  Wheeling,  twenty-five  cents;  Steubenville,  Zanes- 
ville, Columbus,  the  same.  From  Cambridge  to  Pittsburg,  Pennsyl- 
vania, thirty  cents.  To  Louisville,  forty  cents;  Baltimore,  sixty-five 
cents;  Philadelphia,  seventy-five  cents;  New  York,  ninety  cents;  New 
Orleans,  one  dollar  and  eighty  cents.  Two  cents  per  word  for  each  word 
over  ten." — From  the  Cambridge  Times,  1854. 



Cambridge  was  incorporated  in  1837  and  had  for  its  first  officers: 
W.  W.  Tracey,  mayor;  Moses  Sarchet,  recorder.  This  was  for  the 
"village"  corporation.  This  continued  until  May  6,  1895,  when  the  place 
had  reached  a  population  of  five  thousand,  nine  hundred  and  seventy- 
five  and  was  then  made  a  "city."  The  various  mayors  have  served  in 
the  following  order: 

1838— J.   M.   Bell.  1874— Ross  W.  Anderson. 

1840 — Isaac  Mcllyar.  1875 — Koss  W.  Anderson. 

1841— Nathan   Evans.  1878-1882— William  M.   Farrer. 

1841— J.  M.  Bushfield.  1882— William  Wharton. 

1842— R.  D.  Solmon.  1883-1884— William   Wharton. 

1842— J.  M.  Bushfield.  1885- 1887— James   E.   Lawrence. 

1844-1845— J.  M.  Bushfield.  1888— R.  T.  Scott. 

(No  record  to  1855.)  1890-1894 — James  R.  Barr. 

1855-1857 — Nathan  Evans.  1894-1896 — J.   C.   Longsworth. 

1861— J.  M.  Bushfield.  1 897- 1 898— H .  W.  Luccock. 

1868 — Moses  Sarchet.  1898-1900 — A.  M.  Baxter. 

1872 — Elza  Turner.  1900- 1904 — J.  A.  Small  wood. 

1873— E.  W.  Mathews.  1904-1908— W.  R.  Bradford. 

1874— E.  W.  Mathews.  1 908-191 1—  R.  M.  Allison. 

The  city  offices  are  now  in  leased  rooms  on  the  second  floor  of  the 
Cambridge  Building  &  Loan  Company's  block,  on  Wheeling  avenue. 
They  removed  from  the  Burgess  building  to  the  present  place  in  1910; 
before  that  they  were  in  the  Taylor  block  for  a  number  of  years. 

Since  becoming  a  city  the  improvements  have  been  many  and  of  a 
modern  city-type.  They  are  now  over  twelve  miles  of  street  paving  and 
about  twenty-five  miles  of  sanitary  sewers.  The  city  now  owns  its 
water  works  system,  constructed  at  a  cost  of  sixty  thousand  dollars, 
with  a  stand-pipe  pressure  system.  Bonds  were  issued  for  these  works, 
and  at  present  the  city  is  about  to  enlarge  its  water  works  plant  and 
secure  more  and  better  quality  of  pare  water,  the  present  supply  coming 
from  Wills  creek. 

The  fire  department  is  of  the  volunteer  kind  and  is  equipped  with 
an  old  "steamer,"  many  years  in  use,  and  a  good  hook  and  ladder  equip- 



The  streets  are  illuminated  by  arc  lights  furnished  by  the  Midland 
Power  and  Light  Company  under  a  ten-year  contract. 

From  the  city  extends  out  through  the  surrounding  country  the 
great  National  pike  and  other  first-class  macadamized  roads. 

The  present  officers  of  the  city  are  as  follows:  Mayor,  R.  M.  Alli- 
son ;  clerk,  C.  L.  Blackburn,  who  is  an  old  and  capable  newspaper  man; 
who  is  now  serving  his  third  term  in  this  capacity;  auditor,  W.  J.  Hood; 
treasurer,  W.  W.  Lawrence;  solicitor,  S.  C.  Carnes ;  director  of  service, 
E.  W.  Boden ;  superintendent  of  water  works,  J.  I.  Kidd ;  director  of 
safety,  J.  E.  Gregg;  chief  of  fire  department,  C.  C.  Long;  superintendent 
of  cemeteries,  Charles  Campbell;  chief  of  police,  John  A.  Long;  patrol- 
men, H.  W.  Merideth,  John  Middleton  and  J.  W.  Gilmore;  Dr.  W.  T. 
Ramsey,  health  officer;  city  engineer,  J.  T.  Fairchild.  The  city  council 
is  composed  of  the  following:  D.  L.  Rankin,  president;  J.  B.  Bratton, 
H.  A.  Forsythe  and  J.  B.  Clark,  councilmen-at-large ;  T.  W.  Fowler,  from 
first  ward;  M.  Thorla,  second  ward;  O.  M.  Bayless,  third  ward,  and 
James  B.  Peters,  fourth  ward. 

The  corporation  has  its  own  jail,  located  in  the  rear  of  the  city 
offices,  and  it  is  provided  with  four  steel  cells,  making  secure  those  who 
have  to  be  incarcerated. 


The  early  history  of  the  library  in  Cambridge  is  best  told  by  the 
following  correspondence  in  the  Jeffersonian  in  1879,  and  in  the  Times 
in  1903: 

We  have  on  our  table  at  this  writing  a  copy  of  the  "By-Laws  of 
the  Guernsey  County  Library  and  Reading  Room,"  adopted  March  3, 
1832,  and  printed  by  John  Hersh,  Jr.,  Cambridge.  The  society  was  in- 
corporated by  an  act  of  Legislature,  passed  February  11,  1832,  as  at- 
tested by  W.  B.  Hubbard,  speaker  of  the  House,  and  William  Doherty, 
speaker  of  the  Senate.  James  M.  Bell  was  president ;  Ebenezer  Smith, 
treasurer;  and  Moses  Sarchet,  secretary  and  librarian.  At  the  close  of 
the  little  pamphlet  is  given  an  "Alphabetical  List  of  Stockholders,  March 
7th,  1832,"  which  we  copy  in  full  as  follows: 

John  M.  Allison,  James  M.  Bell,  John  P.  Beatty,  Thomas  S.  Beatty, 
Allen  W.  Beatty,  David  Burt,  Sr.,  David  Burt,  Jr.,  John  Chapman, 
Thomas  Cooke,  Henry  Clark,  Wyatt  Hutchison,  John  Hersh,  Jr.,  Lamech 
Hawley,  Gordon  Lofland,  Samuel  Lindsey,  Rev.  Daniel  McLane,  George 



Metcalf,  William  McCracken,  Andrew  Metcalf,  Robert  B.  Moore, 
Thomas  Miller,  Robert  J.  McClary,  Seneca  Needham,  Isaac  Parrish, 
Ebenezer  Smith,  David  Sarchet,  Moses  Sarchet,  Peter  B.  Sarchet,  Wil- 
liam W.  Tracey,  Rev.  William  Wallace.  John  Woodrow,  Nicholas  Bail- 
hache.  Hamilton  Robb,  John  Bogle,  John  Nicholson,  Richard  (lark, 
James  B.  Moore,  John  Baldridge,  John  Ferguson,  Levi  Rinehart,  |ohh 
B.  Thompson,  John  (."lark,  Joseph  Bute,  Nathan  Evans,  Samuel  Wilson, 
Andrew  Magee,  15.  A.  Albright,  Samuel  Fish,  Ansel  Briggs.  Of  the 
above  list,  hut  five  persons  are  known  to  he  living,  Moses  and  David 
Sarchet,  and  James  1',.  Moore,  who  reside  here.  Rev.  Andrew  Magee, 
who  now  lives  at  Prairie  City.  Illinois,  and  Rev.  Hamilton  Robb,  ex- 
treasurer  of  this  county,  who.  with  his  aged  wife,  resides  at  Mattoon, 
Illinois. — Jeffersonicm,  [879. 

In  the  fall  of  1898  at  a  dinner  party  given  at  the  home  of  the  late 
Hon.  Joseph  D.  Taylor,  the  library  movement  was  taked  of.  and  Mrs. 
J.  D.  Taylor  began  the  canvass.  She  secured  one  thousand  eight  hundred 
dollars,  taking  life  memberships  in  the  association  at  twenty-five  dollars. 
The  first  meeting  of  the  Cambridge  Library  Association  was  held  Feb- 
ruary 23,  1899,  in  the  room  now  ocupied  by  the  library,  and  which  was 
given  free  for  five  years  by  Hon.  J.  D.  Taylor.  At  this  meeting  John 
M.  Amos  was  made  president  for  one  year,  and  John  L.  Locke,  Esq., 
secretary.  The  one  thousand  eight  hundred  dollars  secured  by  life  mem- 
berships was  expended  for  books  and  furnishings.  At  the  meeting  of 
the  association  held  in  April.  1901.  the  Carnegie  libraries  were  talked  of, 
and  a  committee  to  communicate  with  him  was  appointed.  As  repre- 
sentatives of  this  committee.  A.  R.  McCulloch.  Esq.,  and  Rev.  W.  H. 
Weir  went  to  Xew  York,  and  learned  the  terms  upon  which  the  building 
would  lie  donated.  It  was  steady  work  from  that  time  on.  First  the 
school  board,  then  the  council,  agreed  to  make  the  necessarv  levy, 
amounting  in  all  to  one  thousand  eight  hundred  dollars  a  year  to  keep  up 
the   library. 

Then  there  was  a  hitch  in  regard  to  the  desired  location  on  Steuben- 
ville  avenue,  just  back  of  the  court  house.  This  property  belonged  to  the 
county,  and  a  special  act  of  Legislature  was  required  to  empower  the 
commissioners  to  give  this  site.  All  this  done.  Mr.  McCulloch  notified 
Mr.  Carnegie,  and  he  received  answer  from  him  on  May  u,  1902,  that 
eighteen  thousand  dollars  had  been  deposited  to  the  credit  of  the  Cam- 
bridge Library  Association.  Plans  were  decided  upon,  and  bids  taken, 
none   being  within   the   limit.     Then   some  changes  were   made,   and  on 


last  Saturday  evening  the  bids  were  opened  and  the  contract  awarded  to 
C.  W.  Dowling,  of  Williamsburg,  West  Virginia,  for  seventeen  thousand, 
six  hundred  and  thirty-eight  dollars.  The  building  is  to  be  completed 
by  August  15,  1903. — Times,  1903. 

Before  the  building  was  completed  it  was  found  that  the  amount 
donated  was  not  sufficient  to  complete  it,  and  Mr.  Carnegie  was  asked 
to  give  the  balance,  which  amounted  to  five  thousand  dollars  more, 
which  he  kindly  consented  to  do,  making  his  total  gift  twenty-three 
thousand  dollars.  The  formal  opening  of  the  library  took  place  Novem- 
ber 17,  1904,  with  appropriate  ceremony. 

The  present  number  of  volumes  in  this  library  is  seven  thousand, 
five  hundred.  Its  present  officers  are:  F.  L.  Rosmond,  president;  John 
M.  Arms,  secretary;  M.  S.  Burgess,  treasurer;  M.  Grace  Robins, 
librarian ;  Jessie  Grimes,  assistant  librarian. 

On  the  front  of  the  building  one  of  the  two  inscriptions  reads  "Know 
the  truth  and  the  truth  shall  make  you  free." 


The  first  burying  ground  in  Cambridge  of  a  public  nature  was  the 
one  located  overlooking  the  valley,  and  now  almost  within  the  heart 
of  the  city.  Of  its  lots  and  as  to  some  of  the  persons  there  buried  the 
following  letter  in  the  local  papers  a  few  years  ago  by  Colonel  Sarchet, 
will  inform  the  reader : 

We  propose  to  give  some  history  of  the  graveyard's  silent  occu- 
pants, so  far  as  the  time-worn  tombstones  and  our  memory  will  serve  us. 
The  rows  of  lots  on  the  west  side  were  first  taken,  as  the  entrance  was 
from  that  side.     Here  we  find  the  Cook  family. 

Capt.  Thomas  Cook,  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  settled  early  in  the 
history  of  Ohio,  on  the  old  Wheeling  road,  three  miles  east  of  Cam- 
bridge, on  two  hundred  acres  of  soldier  bounty  land,  now  the  Winfield 
Scott  farm  at  the  crooked  bridge,  over  Cook's  run,  thus  giving  the  run 
its  name.  We  suggest  here  that  there  is  much  unwritten  history  in  the 
runs  of  Guernsey  county,  as  their  names  are  taken  from  the  early  set- 
tlers, or  from  some  local  incident  occurring  along  them.  Your  itemizers 
might  trace  the  history  of  some  of  the  runs  in  their  localities.  The 
Talbert  family,  Nathaniel  Talbert,  known  as  Yankee  Talbert,  was  a  sort 
of  wizzard,  a  pow-wow  over  sick  horses  and  a  sort  of  "verb  doctor," 
peeling  the  bark  up  for  an  emetic  and  down  for  a  cathartic. 


The  Tingle  family,  John  and  George  R.  Tingle,  one  of  the  early 
tavern  keepers,  and  the  head  of  the  Tingle  family  of  Cambridge.  The 
Beatty  family,  Capt.  C.  P.  Beatty,  of  the  war  of  1S12,  and  the  first  clerk 
of  court  of  Guernsey  county.  The  Talbot  family,  Lloyd  Talbot,  a 
prominent  character  and  official  in  the  early  history  of  the  county. 

The  Ferguson  family  is  marked  by  two  stones,  one  to  the  memory 
of  John  Ferguson,  senior,  the  other  to  Jane  and  Washington  Ferguson. 
In  the  northwest  corner  and  perhaps  in  the  part  thrown  out  into  the 
alley,  was  the  grave  of  a  child  of  James  Oldham,  which  was  the  first 
to  be  buried  in  the  graveyard.  In  this  corner  is  a  stone  to  Oren  Cregp. 
In  the  southwest  corner  Moman  Morgan,  the  colored  barber,  was 
buried.  "Fobe"  Beatty  and  "Dick"  O'Ferrell,  slaves,  brought  from  Vir- 
ginia with  these  families,  were  also  buried  in  this  corner.  "Tobe"  Beatty 
was  the  first  colored  person  to  live  in  Cambridge.  There  is  to  the  south 
a  stone  marked  for  John  Brown.  Between  these  marked  graves  are  a 
number  unmarked.  The  original  plan  of  the  graveyard  seems  to  have 
been  a  double  row  of  lots,  with  a  space  for  a  walk  between,  and  as  some 
of  the  stones  face  to  the  east  and  to  the  west  in  the  same  row.  and 
being  unevenly  set,  it  is  difficult  to  trace  the  exact  original  plan. 

In  this  first  row  is  a  stone  to  Robert  Bell,  age  one  hundred  and  seven 
years,  and  to  a  son  Robert,  aged  fifty-four  years.  The  Bell  and  Ferguson 
plots  are  side  by  side.  These  were  early  settlers  and  connected  by  inter- 
marriage. In  this  row  and  in  an  unmarked  grave  lies  Francis  Donsonchet, 
a  French  soldier  under  Napoleon  Bonaparte,  and  father  of  Dr.  Francis 
Donsonchet,  an  eccentric  character  in  the  early  history  of  Cambridge. 
In  this  row  are  buried  two  who  died  from  unnatural  causes,  Nelson 
Talbot,  son  of  Lloyd  Talbot,  was  drowned  in  Wills  creek.  William 
Tingle,  son  gf  George  R.  Tingle,  was  bitten  by  a  poisonous  spider,  and 
died  from  its  effect.  Near  the  Ferguson  and  Lofland  plots  is  a  large 
sycamore  tree,  planted  long  years  ago  by  some  one  of  these  families. 

In  the  next  row  is  the  Col.  Z.  A.  Beatty  square.  There  is  no  mark 
except  a  stone  erected  to  the  memory  of  Margery  Louisa,  child  of  John 
P.  Beatty  and  Rachel  Sarchet.  Next  to  this  is  the  Gomber  square.  The 
old  stones  are  so  time-worn  as  to  be  almost  illegible.  In  this  is  a  stone 
erected  to  the  memory  of  Maria  Gomber,  wife  of  James  B.  Moore.  Next 
to  this  square  are  some  stones,  but  the  traces  of  the  letters  are  gone. 
They  mark  the  resting  place  of  some  of  the  Thomas  Metcalf  family. 
The  next  in  the  row  is  a  monument  erected  to  the  memory  of  Col.  Gor- 
don Lofland  and  Sarah   P.   Lofland,   his  wife,   and   to  Thomas   Metcalf. 


the  first  husband  of  Sarah  P.  Lofland  and  to  the  deceased  children  of 
these  marriages.  Sarah  P.  Lofland  was  a  daughter  of  Jacob  Gomber. 
In  our  history  of  the  town  we  did  not  reach  Colonel  Lofland.  as  his 
residence  was  outside  the  original  plat.  It  is  now  known  as  the  old 
Lofland  house.  This,  in  the  days  of  Colonel  Lofland,  on  the  large  and 
beautiful  farm  which  covered  all  that  part  north  of  Steubenville  avenue, 
and  west  of  Fifth  street,  to  Wills  creek,  was  a  cozy  place,  and  but  a  short 
walk  from  town.  It  was  the  scene  of  many  a  jolly  merry-making  of  the 
young  people  of  its  day.  Colonel  Lofland  was  prominent  in  the  militia 
days,  and  during  the  late  war,  but  was  not  a  successful  business  man. 

Northwood  cemetery,  the  latest  one  established  near  Cambridge, 
contains  forty  acres  of  high,  dry  and  beautifully  situated  land  to  the 
north  of  the  city,  on  North  Eighth  street.  It  was  platted  in  1899.  ^ 
is  under  a  board  of  control,  now  consisting  of  Messrs.  R.  M.  Allison,  S. 
E.  Boden  and  J.  B.  Gregg,  the  latter  serving  as  director  of  public  safety. 
These  grounds  are  now  well  improved  and  have  already  many  graves 
and  fine  monuments  and  tombs  erected  to  the  departed  dead  of  the 
community.  The  old  city  burying-ground  has  become  well  filled  and  un- 
fit for  modern  use.  There  rest  many  of  the  departed  pioneers  and  their 
graves  are  visited  frequently  by  children  and  grandchildren. 

The  City  cemetery,  lying  on  the  brow  of  the  hill  overlooking  the 
valley,  in  the  southeast  part  of  the  city,  was  opened  for  use  about  1858-59 
and  contains  about  seven  acres.  The  present  superintendent  is  C.  W. 
Campbell.  It  has  not  been  used  much  since  the  opening  of  the  new  bury- 
ing-ground— Northwood.  It  is  only  used  by  those  whose  family  lot  has 
not  already  been  filled.  It  is  tastily  cared  for  and  contains  many  fine 
tombstones  and  monuments  erected  to  the  silent  sleepers,  who  comprise 
many  of  Cambridge's  best  known  old  settlers. 


The  first  place  of  religious  worship  in  Cambridge  was  at  the  house 
of  Thomas  Sarchet,  where  those  Guernsey  people  held  what  was  called 
"French  meeting."  William  Ogier  was  an  ordained  minister  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  Thomas  Sarchet,  a  licensed  exhorter, 
who  in  turn  conducted  the  exercises.  From  the  nucleus  of  these  Guern- 
sey men  sprang  the  Methodist  Episcopal  congregation.  This  society 
was  soon  attached  to  the  Zanesville  circuit.  The  circuit  as  then  traveled 
was  bounded  as   follows :     Beginning  at  Zanesville,  up  the  Muskingum  to 


the  mouth  of  the  Tuscarawas,  up  the  Tuscarawas  to  the  mouth  of  big 

Stillwater,  up  big  Stillwater  to  the  old  Wheeling  road,  and  west  on  said 
road  to  Zanesville,  comprising  as  much  territory  in  its  bounds  as  is  in 
the  Cambridge  district.  The  first  traveling  preacher  of  any  denomina- 
tion that  preached  in  Cambridge  was  James  Watts  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church.  It  is  worthy  to  be  noted  that  this  charge  has  been 
filled  by  such  eminent  ministers  as  Bishop  Morris,  who  lived  here  about 
the  year  1817,  James  B.  Findley,  John  P.  Durbin,  Leroy  Swarmstead, 
S.  R.  Brockunier,  Jacob  and  David  Young,  and  Doctor  Whiteman,  pio- 
neers of  western  Methodism.  All  the  religious  societies  that  have  places 
of  public  worship  now  in  Cambridge,  except  the  Protestant  Methodist, 
were  represented  by  members  among  the  first  settlers  that  I  have  named  : 
but,  except  the  Methodist  Episcopal  society,  none  had  regular  services 
for  many  years. 

After  the  erection  of  the  court  house  the  Methodists  had  religious 
services  every  Sabbath  in  the  grand  jury  room.  In  this  room  the  great 
Lorenzo  Dow  once  preached,  as  he  was  traveling  to  the  West. 

The  first  church  building  erected  was  by  the  Seceders,  about  the 
year  1826,  on  the  Captain  Anderson  lot;  but  on  account  of  some  defect 
in  construction  was  soon  pronounced  unsafe,  and  had  to  be  abandoned. 
Services  were  then  held  in  the  lower  room  of  the  "old  lodge."  It  is  said 
that  two  of  the  members  would  not  "leave  the  house  of  God  and  go  to 
the  house  of  Baal,"  but  demanded  their  papers,  shook  the  dust  from  off 
their  feet,  and  joined  a  congregation  far  away  from  the  contaminating 
influences  of  "secret  oath-bound  societies." 

(  For  a  detailed  history  of  the  Cambridge  churches  see  general  chap- 
ters, where  all  denominations  of  the  county  appear  under  proper  heads.) 


In  1842  Washingtonian  temperance  societies  were  at  high  tide 
throughout  the  country,  and  Ohio,  that  had  just  emerged  from  the  hard- 
cider  campaign  of  1840,  took  her  place  as  one  of  the  foremost  among  the 
states  in  favor  of  teetotalism.  The  annual  meeting  of  the  Cambridge 
Washingtonian  Temperance  Society  was  held  in  the  Presbyterian  church 
on  January  22,  1842.  The  sober  second  thought  of  the  people  was  work- 
ing wonders  and  rapidly  spreading  and  extending  the  great  work  of 
reformation.  This  meeting  was  addressed  by  Gen.  David  Tallmage,  of 
Lancaster,  and  Napoleon  B.  Guille,  of  Zanesville.     General  Tallmage  was 


the  proprietor  of  the  great  stage  line  "Good  Intent"  in  Ohio  and  he  had 
sent  out  circular  letters  all  along  his  lines,  requiring  the  discharge  of  all 
drivers  who  had  not  signed  the  teetotal  pledge.  Niel,  Moore  &  Com- 
pany, proprietors  of  the  great  "Ohio  Stage  Company."  had  sent  out  sim- 
ilar circulars.  There  was  to  be  no  more  upsetting  of  coaches  or  drunken 

In  1S43  the  Cambridge  Washingtonian  Temperance  Society  resolved 
to  make  a  grand  temperance  display  and  parade  on  July  4th  with  a  free 
public  dinner,  to  which  the  temperance  societies  of  the  county  were 
invited.  The  tables  were  to  be  spread  in  the  beech  grove  in  the  old  mill 
bottom  a  short  distance  east  of  the  old  Morton  house.  It  was  to  be  and 
was  a  grand  gala  day  in  the  cause  of  temperance,  as  well  as  an  Independ- 
ence day  celebration. 

The  order  of  march  from  the  public  square  to  the  grove,  as  given  in 
the  program,  was  as  follows :  "Under  the  direction  of  Col.  Gordon 
Lofland,  chief  marshal,  assisted  by  Maj.  Nathan  Evans,  John  Clark  and 
Jacob  G.  Metcalf;  Fairview  military  company,  Capt.  Isaac  Pumphrey: 
Cambridge  Mozart  Band;  officers  of  temperance  societies  and  temper- 
ance men ;  Cambridge  Sabbath  schools ;  county  officials  and  lawyers : 
citizens  and  visitors,  men  and  women. 

The  line  of  march  was  down  the  old  mill  road.  At  the  grove  a  large 
stand  had  been  erected  near  the  long  dinner  tables,  that  had  been  con- 
structed with  forks  and  boards.  Around  great  log  heaps  the  meats  were 
being  roasted  and  boiled  and  kettles  of  coffee  were  steaming.  Piles  of 
bread  and  pies  were  stacked  up  around  the  trees  in  huge  conical  forms. 

The  exercises  at  the  grand  stand  were  opened  with  prayer  by  Rev. 
William  Ross,  the  Methodist  Protestant  minister;  John  Hersch,  Esq., 
made  an  introductory  address  and  read  the  Declaration  of  Independence; 
an  oration  was  delivered  by  Thomas  Brown,  Esq. ;  temperance  addresses 
by  Mathew  Gaston,  Esq.,  and  Rev.  George  Clancy.  This  closed  the  ex- 
ercises of  the  forenoon. 


Black  Hawk,  the  noted  Indian  chief,  passed  through  Cambridge  in 
the  spring  of  1833,  in  charge  of  some  United  States  officers.  The  party 
stopped  some  time  at  the  Hutchison  tavern,  where  the  stage  team  was 
changed.  The  word  soon  spread  through  town,  and  a  large  number  of 
citizens,  men,  women  and  children,  hurried  to  the  tavern  to  see  the  great 
Indian  chieftain. 


On  Monday,  November  26,  1849,  General  Tom  Thumb,  the  world 
famous  dwarf,  then  in  his  seventeenth  year,  and  weighing  but  fifteen 
pounds,  appeared  in  Cambridge,  and  was  on  exhibition  at  the  court  house 
from  two-thirty  to  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  and  from  seven  to 
eight-thirty  in  the  evening-.  This  remarkable  specimen  of  humanity, 
twenty-eight  inches  in  height,  gave  a  street  parade,  having  a  curious 
miniature  equipage  of  two  of  the  smallest  horses  in  the  world,  a  diminu- 
tive coachman,  and  a  carriage  proportionately  tiny.  Tom  Thumb,  or, 
to  call  him  by  his  real  name,  Charles  S.  Stratton,  was  accompanied  by  his 
parents  and  attendants,  in  all,  eleven  persons.  The  price  of  admission 
was  twenty-five  cents,  children  under  ten  years,  half-price. 

A  small  band  of  Mormonites  passed  through  this  place  a  few  days 
since,  on  their  way  to  the  "New  Jersalem,"  located  somewhere  in  the 
state  of  Missouri.  While  here,  they  encamped  on  a  bank  of  Wills  creek, 
in  the  rear  of  the  town. — Guernsey  Times,  July  jo.  1833. 

The  Guernsey  Times  of  July  6,  1833,  contains  the  following: 
"Daniel  Webster,  in  company  with  his  lady  and  daughter,  passed  through 
this  place  on  Saturday  morning  last,  on  his  return  home  from  a  visit  to 
the  western  part  of  the  state." 

At  the  election  in  Cambridge  December  27,  1897,  two  issues  were  up 
for  solution — the  voting  of  water  works  bonds  and  that  for  a  new  ceme- 
tery. The  votes  stood:  For  cemetery,  254;  against,  154.  For  water 
works,  260;  against,  136.  The  majority  not  being  two-thirds,  both  issues 
failed  of  carrying. 

When  Queen  Victoria  of  England  was  crowned  in  1837,  the  Cam- 
bridge Academy  held  a  service  in  which  they,  too,  went  through  the 
mock  ceremony  of  crowning  her.  It  was  a  high-toned  affair,  attended  by 
many  of  the,  best  citizens.  The  then  boy  of  nine  summers — Mr.  Sarchet, 
supervising  editor  of  this  work — lived  to  write  of  the  good  Queen's  death 
in  1 901.  The  occasion  in  Cambridge  enlisted  the  best  talent  of  the 
Academy:  a  young  lady,  who  later  was  well  known  in  the  city,  was  made 
queen  and  the  maids  of  service  and  honor  were  not  a  few.  The  queen's 
long  dress  train  was  carried  by  the  girls  in  real  court  style.  But  with  all 
that  was  English,  there  were  some  American  features,  too.  "America." 
"Hail  Columbia"  and  other  national  airs  were  rendered,  while  the  folds 
of  "Old  Glory"  were  floating  in  the  breeze. 

The  high  water  mark  of  March,  1907,  at  Cambridge,  excelled  that 
of  1884  by  almost  one  foot  and  heat  all  previous  records  since  the  settle- 
ment of  the  countv. 


The  first  cars  were  run  on  the  electric  line  between  Cambridge  and 
Byesville  in  the  autumn  of  1903  (October  21)  over  the  Cambridge  Con- 
solidated Company's  line,  later  styled  the  Cambridge  Power,  Light  & 
Traction  Company,  but  at  this  time  known  as  the  Midland  Power  & 
Traction  Company.  The  road  was  opened  up  to  the  Byesville  limit  five 
weeks  earlier  than  that  date,  but  not  clear  to  Byesville. 

A  society  for  the  prevention  of  cruelty  to  animals,  known  as  the 
Guernsey  County  Humane  Society,  was  formed  at  Cambridge  in  the 
spring  of  1907.  Its  first  president  was  A.  M.  Baxter;  secretary,  John  P. 
Turner;  treasurer,  Mrs.  J.  M.  Ferguson.  The  first  person  made  humane 
officer  was  U.  G.  Henderson.     It  is  now  doing  much  good  in  the  county. 

Cambridge  has  more  slate  roofed  buildings — business  and  residences 
— than  any  city  of  its  population  in  Ohio,  according  to  the  statement  of 
1910  contractors. 

In  the  autumn  of  1874  the  county  and  city  were  greatly  enthused 
over  the  Woman's  Temperance  Crusade,  and  in  the  fall  of  1877  the  great 
Francis  Murphy  temperance  wave  struck  the  county  and  made  Cam- 
bridge its  headquarters  and  by  it  many  were  rescued  from  the  demon 

The  first  electric  street  cars  were  operated  at  Cambridge  April  24, 
1902,  by  the  Consolidated  Company. 

The  Electric  park  was  thrown  open  to  the  public  in  the  summer  of 


Lorenzo  Dow  preached  twice  in  Cambridge;  the  first  time  in  1826, 
the  second  in  1832.  On  his  first  visit  his  wife,  Peggy,  was  with  him. 
They  were  traveling  horseback.  At  the  time  of  his  second  visit,  the 
writer  was  a  small  boy,  but  retains  a  very  distinct  recollection  of  the 
event,  and  of  the  appearance  of  the  strange,  eccentric  preacher,  as  he 
stood  on  a  stump,  his  horse  standing  beside  him. 

The  news  of  his  approach  had  been  brought  by  the  stage  driven  from 
the  east,  some  hours  in  advance  of  his  arrival.  It  was  noised  abroad. 
Those  who  had  heard  him  on  his  first  visit  were  anxious  to  hear  him 
again,  and  there  were  many  citizens  of  the  town  and  vicinity  who  had 
never  heard  him.  All  were  on  the  alert,  and  When  they  arrived  at  the 
public  square  a  large  crowd  of  men,  women  and  children  were  there 
awaiting  his  coming.  We  were  led  by  our  grandfather,  and  what  we 
relate  is  rather  hearsay  than  recollection  we  could  have  of  his  discourse. 
He  began  the  services  by  singing: 


"Hark!    From  the  tombs  a  doleful  sound, 

Mine  ears  attend  the  cry, 
Ye  living  men,  come  view  the  ground, 

Where  you  must  shortly  lie." 

With  all  his  eccentricities,  he  aimed  t<>  do  good.  No  one  will  ques- 
tion that  he  did  good.  The  biography  of  Lorenzo  is  in  every  way  curious 
and  useful.  He  regarded  the  world  as  all  going  wrong,  and  that  he  was 
born  to  set  it  right.  He  printed  books  and  tracts,  which  he  sold  or  gave 
away  on  his  travels  through  the  western  wilderness. 

His  subject  was:  "The  Clay  in  the  Hands  of  the  Potter."  The 
political  contest  between  Gen.  Andrew  Jackson  and  Henry  Clay  was  in 
full  blast  and  his  first  sentence  was,  "I  suppose  you  are  all  for  Clay." 
He  then  continued  as  indicated  by  the  hymn  and  Scripture  quotation. 
After  preaching,  he  mounted  his  horse  and  rode  on  eastward,  spending 
the  night  at  Norwich.  There  he  preached  to  a  crowded  house  in  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

In  the  assemby  were  two  men,  who  were  disposed  to  ask  him  ques- 
tions. As  they  asked  questions,  he  inquired  their  names.  One  gave  his 
name  as  Bush,  the  other  Grubb.  Bush  had  said:  "You  are  talking  about 
Heaven;  tell  us  how  it  looks."  Dow  turned  his  grave  face  and  long  gray 
locks  toward  his  questioners,  and  said  with  great  gravity :  "Heaven, 
friends,  is  a  vast  extent  of  rich,  smooth  territory.  There  is  not  a  Bush 
nor  a  Grubb  in  it,  and  never  will  be." 

He  was  the  oddest  kind  of  an  oddity.  His  manners  and  sayings 
during  the  years  that  he  traveled  in  almost  every  state  and  town  of 
this  country  were  given  as  widespread  publicity  by  the  newspapers  as 
those  of  the  celebrated  Rowland  Hill. — From  Col.  C.  P.  B.  Sarchet's 


Gen.  William  Henry  Harrison  passed  through  Cambridge  twice  be- 
fore he  was  the  candidate  of  the  Whig  party  in  1840.  The  first  time  he 
was  traveling  to  the  east  in  a  private  coach,  and  stopped  at  the  Judge 
Metcalf  tavern.  The  word  was  soon  passed  around  that  he  was  in  town 
and  would  hold  a  levee  at  the  court  house.  The  women  and  children 
flocked  to  the  court  house  to  await  his  coming.  The  men.  more  impa- 
tient, hurried  to  the  tavern  to  greet  him.  From  the  tavern  he  was 
escorted  up  the  street  on  either  side  by  General  Bell  and  Major  Dunlap, 


followed  by  a  long  line  of  citizens,  many  of  whom  were  old  soldiers  of 
the  war  of  1812.  Among  these  was  old  Sol  Kinney,  colored.  He  had  a 
string  of  buttons  and  a  pair  of  bones,  which  he  rattled  and  clapped,  being 
at  the  head  of  the  line.  At  the  court  house  General  Harrison  shook 
hands  with  the  women  and  children,  and  kissed  all  the  babies.  After  an 
hour  of  pleasant  social  greetings  to  all,  irrespective  of  party,  the  coach 
drove  up  in  front  of  the  court  house,  and  the  General,  taking  a  seat  on 
top  with  the  driver,  moved  off  amid  the  cheers  of  the  gathered  multitude. 
His  second  visit  to  Cambridge  was  after  he  had  received  the  votes  of 
the  Whig  party  for  President  in  1836.  He  was  traveling  to  the  west 
by  private  coach,  and  stopped  at  the  old  Hutchison  tavern.  As  word 
had  been  sent  on  in  advance  that  he  was  to  pass  through  Cambridge,  the 
people  from  the  country  flocked  into  town.  He  had  passed  the  night 
east  of  Cambridge,  and  was  followed  from  the  east  by  a  great  train  of 
carriages  and  horsemen.  He  was  received  at  the  head  of  "Wheeling 
avenue  by  the  great  crowd  gathered  to  await  his  coming,  and  passed 
down  the  street  to  the  Hutchison  tavern,  the  coach  being  surrounded 
by  the  rejoicing  and  vociferous  Whigs.  The  coach  was  gaily  trimmed 
with  flags  and  bunting,  and  on  the  top  a  drum  corps  filled  the  air  with 
strains  of  martial  music.  A  large  number  of  Whigs  of  Cambridge  had 
made  ready  to  escort  him  to  Zanesville.  After  dinner  the  great  caval- 
cade moved  down  through  the  street,  which  was  lined  on  either  side  by 
the  citizens,  men.  women  and  children,  cheering  for  "Old  Tip."  This 
was  ihe  beginning  of  what  three  years  later  was  to  be  the  most  memor- 
able political  campaign  in  the  nation's  history.  General  Harrison  did 
not  visit  Cambridge  in  1840,  neither  did  Tom  Corwin,  to  make  a  speech. 
He  was  prevented  from  being  at  the  great  '40  meeting  by  sickness,  but 
he  was  represented  at  the  great  joint  rally  of  Guernsey  and  Belmont 
counties  at  Fairview.  At  this  meeting  an  old  Democrat  had  made  the 
declaration  that  he  was  going  to  tell  Tom  Corwin  that  he  was  a  dema- 
gogue. So  the  old  fellow  took  a  position  near  the  speaker's  stand,  and 
when  the  opportune  time  came  he  looked  up  at  Corwin,  and  said,  "You 
are  nothing  but  a  demagogue."  Corwin  turned  and  looked  at  him  for  a 
moment,  and  said:  "If  you  were  wrapped  with  willows  you  would  be 
a  demijohn." — C.  P.  B.  Sarchet,  in  Cambridge  Herald,  1897. 


The  first  house  in  what  is  now  Gaston's  addition  was  built  by  "Katy" 
Whetzel,  who  built  a  cabin  on  the  north  end  of  the  T-  C.  Beckett  lot.     She 


lived  for  a  long  time  with  Judge  Spears,  in  Adams  township,  in  the  old  tavern 
on  the  old  Wheeling  road.  She  was  said  to  be  a  relative  of  Lewis  Whetzel, 
the  great  Indian  fighter,  "whose  gun  was  always  loaded."  This  cabin,  and 
the  first  Methodist  church,  that  was  on  the  Simons'  foundry  lot,  and  the  first 
Methodist  Protestant  church  on  the  present  site  were  all  the  houses  in  this 
part  of  town  sixty  years  ago.  Over  the  creek  all  was  woods,  except  a  small 
field  known  as  "Beatty's  meadow."  In  the  corner  of  this,  about  the  site  of 
Mrs.  Long's  residence,  were  two  cabins,  in  one  of  which  lived  General  Jack- 
son, father  of  the  late  Samuel  Jackson.  He  was  one  of  the  old  road  team- 
sters, before  and  after  the  building  of  the  National  road.  In  the  other  lived 
old  Tom  Lawrence.  Two  of  his  sons  were  makers  of  history,  connected  with 
the  courts  of  Guernsey  county.  Andy  was  sent  to  the  penitentiary  at  Colum- 
bus for  stabbing  with  intent  to  kill,  and  was  among  the  first  to  be  confined  in 
the  first  brick  jail  of  the  county.  He  was  a  teamster  while  at  the  penitentiary, 
and  engaged  in  hauling  the  stone  at  the  beginning  of  the  erection  of  the  pres- 
ent state  capitol.  John  had  an  altercation  with  Jerry  Nubia,  a  colored  Quaker. 
Jerry,  forgetting  the  teachings  of  peace,  went  home,  and  "with  malice  afore- 
thought," armed  himself  with  a  gun  and  went  out  gaming  after  Lawrence. 
He  shot  at  him  from  the  now  Mcllyar  corner,  toward  the  Davis  corner,  Law- 
rence at  the  time  making  toward  Nubia  with  a  stone  in  his  hand.  Nubia 
used  a  shot  gun.  One  shot  took  effect,  entering  Lawrence's  eye.  The  writer 
and  others  were  standing  on  the  then  McCracken  corner.  The  shots  and  slugs 
flew  around  us,  rattling  against  the  sides  of  the  building,  and  came  near 
enough  for  us  to  know  that  we  were  in  the  line  of  fire.  Nubia  was  sent  to  the 
penitentiary  for  a  term  of  years.  Lawrence  suffered  the  loss  of  an  eye. 
We  had  an  opportunity  of  knowing  the  Lawrence  family  well,  and  as  far  back 
as  we  can  remember  we  heard  of  a  great  fortune  that  was  awaiting  claimants 
in  connection  with  this  family.  We  think  that  not  long  ago  we  saw  an  item 
to  the  effect  that  some  of  this  family,  living  in  the  northern  part  of  Guernsey 
county,  had  struck  a  fresh  trail  leading  toward  this  hidden  treasure.  It  has 
been  more  than  two  hundred  years  since  Captain  William  Kidd.  the  re- 
nowned free-booter  and  buccaneer,  sailed  from  Plymouth.  England,  bearing 
a  commission  signed  by  the  king,  to  prey  upon  the  French  commerce  upon  the 
high  seas.  He  exceeded  his  authority,  and  became  a  great  pirate,  instead  of 
the  "trusty  and  well-behaved  Captain  Kidd."  He  was  executed  in  London 
in  1 70 1.  His  name  became  famous,  and  was  known  in  the  ballad  :  "My  Name 
is  Captain  Kidd,  as  I  Sailed,  as  I  Sailed."  He  was  said  to  have  buried  a  large 
treasure  on  the  coast  bordering  on  Long  Island  sound,  the  reward  of  his  buc- 
caneering.    The  search  for  it  has  been  repeated  off  and  on  for  all  these  years, 


and  yet  the  "Kidd  treasures"  are  an  unknown  quantity.  And  the  Lawrence 
treasure  is  still  waiting,  but  it  is  with  somebody  behind  the  screen  drawing 
every  now  and  again  a  fee,  and  the  treasure,  like  Kidd's,  is  still  hidden  away. 
Better  to  find  the  treasure,  then  buy  the  field. 

On  the  east  end  of  Wheeling  avenue,  in  a  small  log  house,  where  the 
Hutchison  house  now  is,  old  Mrs.  Williams  lived,  like  the  "old  woman  who 
lived  under  the  hill,  kept  cakes  and  whisky  to  sell."  This  house  was  called 
the  "light  house,"  as  a  light  could  be  seen  at  all  hours  of  the  night.  It  was  a 
place  for  drinking  and  carousal,  "which  even  to  name  would  be  unlawful." 
Opposite!  across  Leatherwood  creek,  was  the  "Dixon  sugar  camp."  All 
around  was  a  dense  forest.  One  sugar  season,  old  Harvey,  living  in  town, 
was  running  the  sugar  camp.  He  used  for  the  back  wall  of  his  fire  a  large 
poplar  tree  that  had  fallen  out  of  root.  The  kettles  were  suspended  over  the 
fire  by  means  of  poles  and  forks.  One  morning,  after  Harvey  had  started 
up  his  fire,  and  was  busily  engaged  in  gathering  in  the  water,  he  was  surprised 
to  see  a  large  bear  drinking  his  syrup  from  one  of  the  kettles.  The  bear  had 
taken  up  quarters  in  the  log,  and  the  fire  roused  him  out  a  little  in  advance 
of  the  close  of  the  hibernating  season.  He  was  now  disposed  to  take  the 
camp,  Harvey  and  all,  and  for  a  time  was  master  of  the  situation,  for  Harvey 
retreated  for  town  as  fast  as  he  could.  He  reported  to  old  John  Dixon  that 
the  bear  had  taken  possession,  and  was  eating  all  the  sugar  and  drinking  the 
syrup.  Dixon  was  an  old  hunter.  He  hurried  over  to  the  camp  and  shot 
bruin,  as  he  was  standing  up  at  one  of  the  kettles,  trying  to  get  out  the  foam- 
ing syrup.  This  bear  was  of  large  size,  and  Harvey  and  Dixon  made  up  then- 
loss  in  syrup  and  sugar  by  the  sale  of  the  meat  and  the  skin.  We  have  eaten 
bear  meat  once,  but  not  of  this  one. 


Among  the  noted  landmarks  of  Guernsey  county  is  the  old  wooden,  cov- 
ered, double  wagon  and  foot-bridge,  spanning  the  yellow  waters  of  Wills 
creek  at  Cambridge.  It  must  have  been  built  upon  honor,  for  it  was  con- 
structed in  1828.  has  been  in  constant  use  all  of  these  eventful  years,  now 
numbering  eighty-two.  It  is  purely  a  wooden  structure  with  a  weatherboarded 
covering  and  roof.  Two  wide  passage-ways  make  it  one  easy  of  crossing. 
The  bridge,  proper,  is  sustained  by  the  same  stone  abutments  which  were 
made  of  solid  masonry  in  that  long  ago  time  and  have  never  had  to  be  re- 
placed, or  repaired.  On  the  north  end  of  this  bridge  and  overhead,  is  the 
original  inscription  placed  there  in  1828  on  a  stone  tablet  and  it  reads  as  fol- 


lows:  "$io  fine  for  driving  on  this  bridge  faster  than  a  walk."  On  the 
south  end — toward  the  country — is  this  inscription  :  "Built  A.  D.,  1828 — J.  P. 
Shannon,  Undertaker — L.  V.  Wernwag,  Architect — J.  Kinkead,  Mason — 
Keep  to  the  Right !" 

Had  this  old  covered  bridge  but  the  gift  of  a  tongue,  many  a  tale  it  could 
tell  this  generation  of  the  noted  men  who  in  times  long  ago  passed  through 
its  passage-ways  en  route  the  old  pike.  Its  timbers  are  seemingly  as  good  to- 
day as  when  placed  there.  It  was  made  after  the  old  style  of  building  frames, 
morticed  and  braced  in  all  directions,  with  here  and  there  a  wrought-iron  stay 
brace  and  great  forged  bolts.  In  these  modern  times  it  has  been  lighted  by  a 
series  of  electric  lights,  and  will  no  doubt  stand  many  a  year  yet,  barring  some 
accident.  Beneath  its  driveway  has  floated  many  a  small  craft  on  the  creek, 
when  water  navigation  was  in  vogue  and  steam  railroads  were  yet  unknown. 


(From   the   JTeffersonicm,    August.    lsTT. ) 

"George  Broom  three  or  four  years  ago  began  the  sale  of  newspapers 
on  the  streets  of  Cambridge.  He  then  carried  but  one  paper,  but  added  to 
his  list  until  he  sold  for  all  the  dailies  which  sent  papers  here.  He  was 
gentlemanly,  and  did  the  business  in  a  strictly  fair  and  honest  way.  His 
patrons  were  pleased  with  his  manner,  and  the  newspaper  publishers  en- 
couraged him  in  his  trade.  His  business  grew  rapidly  and  largely.  The  great 
interest  in  the  state  campaigns  and  the  great  Presidential  contest  witli  the 
long  continued  excitement  as  to  the  result,  largely  increased  the  sales  of  news- 
papers, and  correspondingly  added  to  the  profits.  Young  Broom  in  some 
weeks  made  a  net  profit  of  from  fifteen  to  twenty  dollars  a  week.  The  profits 
varied  during  the  time  he  was  in  business  from  two  dollars  and  seventy-five 
cents  a  week  to  the  sums  stated.  The  net  earnings  of  Broom  footed  up  about 
a  thousand  dollars,  all  earned  as  a  street  newsboy  in  Cambridge.  By  industry 
and  perseverance  he  laid  the  foundation  of  a  successful  business  life." 

He  finally  married  and  reared  a  family.  His  health  failed  and  he  re- 
moved to  Arizona  and  from  there  to  one  of  the  Southern  states,  where  lie 
died  and  was  buried  in  the  cemetery  at  his  old  home  in  Cambridge. 


The  subjoined  original  poem,  from  the  pen  of  John  H.  Sarchet,  and 
sung  for  the  first  time  at  Cambridge  Chautauqua,  in  1900,  runs  as  follows: 


Of  all  the  cities  east  or  west, 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
We  love  our  thriving  one  the  best. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
Our  factories  all  are  on  the  run, 

There's  work  for  each  and  every  one, 
No  tramps  are  found  beneath  our  sun, 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town ! 

We've  gas  and  oil,  beneath  the  soil. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
They  wait  to  greet  the  sons  of  toil. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
Black  diamonds  glisten  in  the  sun, 

And  "blue  core"  wears  till  kingdom  come: 
Our  streets  are  paving  one  by  one. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 

The  lab' ring  man  now  has  the  pull. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
His  dinner  pail  is  brimming  full. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
A  "home,  sweet  home"  he  now  enjoys, 

With  pretty  girls  and  bouncing  boys ; 
A  bank  account  with  other  joys. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 

The  trolley  ride  we  now  enjoy, 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
With  summer  cars  for  girl  and  boy. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
Chautauqua,  too,  has  come  to  stay, 

With  fine  attractions  every  day. 
We  pity  those  who  stay  away. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 

We  number  fifteen  thousand  now. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,  boom  the  town! 
To  keep  it  up  all  make  the  vow. 


Boom  the  town.      Yes,   boom  the  town! 
Avoid  the  fakir  on  the  street, 

Turn  down  the  agents  whom  you  meet. 
Our  merchants  can  with  them  compete. 

Boom  the  town.     Yes,   boom  the  town ! 


At  the  close  of  the  Civil  war  the  buildings  of  the  town  were  mostly 
the  old  landmarks  of  early  days,  but  a  new  and  more  progressive  era  was 
then  ushered  in  and  in  1882  there  were  more  houses  on  Steubenville  street 
than  there  were  in  the  entire  place  when  the  war  commenced.  In  1880  the 
industries  were  confined  chiefly  to  the  foundry  interests  of  C.  P.  Simons 
Brothers,  established  in  1855  and  which  was  operated  many  years,  both  here 
and  at  Zanesville;  a  steam  flouring  mill,  two  planing  mills  and  two  boot  and 
shoe  factories.     In  1880  there  was  also  established  a  bent  wood  factory. 

The  introduction  of  natural  gas  and  the  development  of  the  nearby  coal 
fields  has  brought  many  factories  and  large  plants  in  iron  working,  etc.,  to 
Cambridge.  Among  the  more  valuable  factories  of  the  present  city  are  the 
following : 

The  American  Sheet  and  Tin-Plate  Company  operates  a  very  extensive 
mill  in  Cambridge.  It  was  established  here  in  1889,  and  is  connected  with 
the  great  Pittsburg  works,  in  a  way.  The  raw  material  comes  from  the 
Carnegie  Steel  Company.  It  employs  more  than  eight  hundred  and  fifty 
workmen.  The  plant  is  well  situated  in  the  northwest  part  of  the  city  on 
North  Second  street.  The  local  superintendent  is  C.  R.  Mcllyar.  This  plant 
produces  immense  amounts  of  sheet  and  tin-plate  iron,  which  finds  its  way 
to  various  parts  of  the  world.  Cheap  fuel  and  cheaper  rents  and  other  ad- 
vantages caused  the  works  to  be  located  in  this  city. 

This  same  company  operates  another  branch  mill  here,  established  about 
1894  on  foreign  capital.  This  is  also  a  sheet  and  tin-plate  mill  and  it  now 
employs  five  hundred  workmen.  Its  present  superintendent  is  J.  E.  Thomp- 
son. The  works  are  located  just  outside  the  corporate  limits  of  the  city, 
in  South  Cambridge.  These  twin  establishments  are  leaders  in  the  numerous 
industries  of  the  city.  They  are  both  the  property  of  the  American  Sheet 
and  Tin-Plate  Company. 

The  W.  A.  Hunt  Planing  Mill  was  established  in  January,  1910,  by  local 
capital.  Lumber  is  shipped  in  from  the  South  and  Northwest,  while  certain 
materials  come  from  Ohio  timber  lands.     Seven  men  are  employed.     This 



factory  is  situated  on  Woodlawn  avenue.  It  is  the  property  of  W.  A.  Hunt, 
who  conducts  a  good  business. 

A  local  industry  of  which  the  city  is  justly  proud  is  the  Guernsey  Earth- 
enware Company,  who  make  brown,  white-lined  and  enameled  cooking  uten- 
sils in  vest  quantities.  It  is  said  that  fifteen  million  consumers  see  the 
"Guernsey"  trade  mark  each  month.  This  factory  is  located  on  Woodlawn 
avenue  and  was  established  in  1900,  as  a  purely  local  concern.  From  one 
hundred  and  fifty  to  one  hundred  and  sixty  persons  find  constant  employment 
in  these  extensive  works.  The  company  was  incorporated  under  the  laws  of 
Ohio,  Charles  L.  Casey  being  the  president  and  manager  and  also  the  owner 
of  the  property.  The  principal  body  of  the  earthenware  here  produced  comes 
from  the  earth  near  the  factory  and  is  among  Guernsey  county's  minerals 
of  much  value.  From  this  material  is  fashioned  the  most  beautifid  cooking 
and  serving  dishes,  heating  table  supplies,  vegetable  crocks,  coffee  cylinders, 
and  many  special  designed  dishes  made  to  order  for  special  customers. 

The  "Near-cut"  Glass  Works  is  another  industry  of  which  too  much 
cannot  well  be  said  in  this  chapter  on  the  modern  industries  of  Cambridge. 
This  was  established  in  1902  by  purely  local  capital.  The  name  of  this  su- 
perior glassware,  "Near-cut,"  comes  from  the  fact  that  the  clearness  and 
sharpness  of  the  finish  closely  resembles  the  higher  priced  real  "cut"  glass- 
ware. The  sand  from  which  this  glassware  is  produced  comes  from  the  Han- 
cock district  of  Pennsylvania.  The  works  are  situated  in  East  Cambridge 
and  employ  about  four  hundred  and  fifty  workmen  in  the  various  depart- 
ments. The  present  officers  of  this  company  are:  A.  J.  Bennett,  presi- 
dent; W.  C.  McCartney,  secretary,  and  G.  Royal  Boyd,  treasurer.  The 
product  of  this  plant  goes  out  to  all  parts  of  the  United  States  and  is  one  of 
Cambridge's  permanent  institutions  of  business  enterprises. 

The  Interstate  Iron  and  Steel  Company,  another  modern  iron  working 
plant  of  Cambridge,  was  established  and  first  operated  January  8,  1907.  It  is 
conducted  on  outside  capital,  being  a  foreign  institution,  which  gives  employ- 
ment to  almost  three  hundred  workmen.  This  is  located  in  the  manufacturing 
district  in  the  northwest  part  of  the  city.  The  raw  material  used  in  these  ex- 
tensive works  comes  from  abroad,  but  it  is  of  great  commercial  importance 
to  the  business  interests  of  Cambridge.  The  officers  are :  S.  J.  Llewellyn, 
president;  G.  F.  David,  vice-president;  George  R.  Stewart,  secretary.  The 
same  company  has  works  at  Chicago  and  East  Chicago,  Indiana. 

The  Pennsylvania  railroad  shops  also  furnish  employment  to  about  one 
hundred  workmen  at  this  point.  The  shops  are  located  in  Southeast  Cam- 
bridge and  are  situated  on  grounds  leased  from  the  trustees  of  Cambridge 

(U'EKiXSKY    nil'NTV,    OHIO.  2/5 

township,  the  same  being  dated  March  9,  1881,  to  continue  in  force  at  the 
option  of  the  railroad  company  for  a  term  of  ninety-nine  years,  for  shop 
purposes.  The  company  pays  all  taxes  and  is  bound  to  keep  the  property  fully 
insured.     The  present  superintendent  is  J.  C.  McCullough. 

W.  H.  Hartley  &  Sons  Sheet  Metal  and  Slate  Roofing  Works  are  located 
at  No.  616  Wheeling  avenue.  This  plant  was  established  at  Quaker  City 
in  1870  and  removed  to  Cambridge  in  1892.  It  is  an  independent  plant  and 
now  has  in  its  employ  an  average  of  fourteen  men.  It  manufactures  all 
'kinds  of  sheet  metal  goods,  slate  roofing  and  furnace  work.  The  gentlemen 
connected  with  it  are  W.  H.  Hartley,  M.  C.  Hartley  and  the  M.  C.  Hartley 

The  American  Bread  and  Pastry  Board  Company  was  established  in 
1898,  as  a  local  industry.  They  now  employ  three  workmen.  Their  plant 
is  between  Third  and  Fourth  streets  and  Steubenville  and  Comber.  William 
Harris  is  proprietor. 

The  firm  of  Stewart,  Wylie  &  Ault,  proprietors  of  the  flouring  mills  at 
Cambridge,  was  established  a  number  of  years  ago.  They  consume  much 
grain  from  the  fields  of  Guernsey  county  and  several  thousand  bushels  an- 
nually from  the  West.  Five  men  are  here  employed  in  the  business.  The 
proprietors  are  W.  L.  Stewart,  C.  W.  Wiley  and  A.  Ault.  This  mill  is  situ- 
ated on  the  corner  of  Fifth  and  Turner  streets.  An  excellent  grade  of  flour 
is  made  at  these  mills. 

The  Forney  Lumber  and  Planing  Mill,  a  live  industry  of  Cambridge, 
was  established  in  1889  and  now  employs  eight  workmen.  The  mill  is  located 
on  Dewey  avenue,  near  the  old  covered  bridge.  Charles  W.  Forney  is  the 
proprietor.  An  extensive  business  is  here  carried  on  in  both  lumber  and 
planing  mill  work. 

The  Hoyle  &  Scott  Planing  Mills  were  established  in  1886,  but  an  older 
firm  began  there  many  years  prior  to  that  date.  Their  lumber  comes  largely 
from  West  Virginia  and  the  Southern  states.  Fifteen  men  find  constant  em- 
ployment at  these  mills,  which  are  located  on  Third  street  and  Wheeling 
■avenue,  while  the  lumber  yards  are  on  Steubenville  avenue.  The  present  pro- 
prietors are  William  Hoyle  and  J.  W.  Scott. 

Another  and  leading  industry  of  modern  Cambridge  is  the  chair  factory 
of  Suitt  Brothers,  established  in  1906  (under  the  present  company),  located 
on  Third  and  Gomber  street.  Chairs,  and  especially  high  grade  rockers,  are 
here  manufactured  from  wood  coming  from  Massachusetts,  North  Carolina 
and  Tennessee.  From  fifty  to  sixty  men  are  constantly  employed  and  the 
finest  of  modern  machinery  is  used  in  the  production  of  first  class  goods. 


The  president  of  this  company  is  W.   C.   Suitt ;  the  present  secretary  and 
treasurer  is  Jay  W.  Campbell. 

The  Cambridge  Roofing  Company  was  established  in  1882,  as  an  inde- 
pendent local  company.  It  now  employs  sixty-eight  men.  The  works  are 
located  on  West  Wheeling  avenue  and  the  officers  are  W.  H.  Taylor,  presi- 
dent; H.  C.  Hanbrook,  vice-president;  J.  R.  McBurney,  secretary.  This 
same  company  also  manufacture  gloves  and  overalls  from  goods  made  in 
Xew  England  and  South  Carolina.  Each  of  these  industries  represents  a 
separate  department  of  the  same  company  of  manufacturers. 


On  Saturday,  November  21,  1891,  at  two-thirty  P.  M.,  the  alarm  of  fire 
resounded  through  the  city  of  Cambridge.  Promptly  responding  to  the  sum- 
mons, the  firemen  discovered  that  the  block  that  occupied  the  square  on 
Wheeling  avenue,  between  Sixth  street  and  the  alley  east  toward  Seventh, 
was  the  scene  of  a  devastating  fire.  It  was  found  that  the  flames  were  making 
headway  in  the  attic  over  the  C.  &  M.  general  offices  and  in  the  furniture  store 
of  McDonald  &  McCollum. 

Every  effort  was  made  to  prevent  the  fire  from  spreading,  but  despite 
the  gallant  service  of  the  firemen  and  the  bucket  brigades,  it  was  not  checked 
until  thousands  of  dollars'  worth  of  property  had  been  consumed.  The  fol- 
lowing is  an  accurate  report  of  the  losses : 

J.  H.  McKinney,  lost  about  two-thirds  of  his  stock  of  groceries,  valued 
at  $2,000;  insurance,  $1,000. 

Campbell  &  Carlisle  had  oils  stored  in  McKinney's  cellar  valued  at 
$1,000;  insurance,  $500. 

J.  M.  Nelson's  candy  store  was  not  damaged  at  all,  and  everybody  con- 
gratulated the  energetic  young  man. 

C.  Ayre  &  Company's  stock  of  dry  goods,  carpets,  etc.,  valued  at  $30,000, 
insured  for  $15,000.  But  a  small  amount  of  goods  saved,  and  they  in  dam- 
aged condition. 

H.  C.  Hornbrook's  stock  of  boots  and  shoes,  valued  at  $8,000,  saved 
a  part  of  his  best  goods ;  insurance,  $2,000. 

McDonald  &  McCollum,  the  furniture  dealers,  piled  their  rear  ware- 
rooms  full  of  goods,  and  removed  all  from  the  rear  rooms  to  places  of  safety, 
but  lost  all  in  the  front  main  room.  This  rear  wareroom  was  sided  and  roofed 
with  iron,  and  they  fastened  up  all  doors  and  windows  with  iron  sheeting,  and 
this  building,  crowded  with  goods,  was  saved.     Their  loss  was  $1,650,  in- 


sured  for  $750.  The  loss  of  Colonel  Taylor,  owner  of  the  buildings,  among 
which  was  the  Berwick  Hotel,  was  found  to  he  approximately  $60,000,  with 
insurance  of  $38,000.  The  total  loss  of  buildings  and  goods  was  estimated 
at  $100,000. 

The  town  was  visited  by  a  tire  that  promised  for  a  little  while  to  be 
very  destructive,  on  Wednesday  night,  December  26,  1888.  Fire  was  dis- 
covered shortly  after  ten  o'clock  in  the  butcher  shop  of  Robert  W.  Nichol- 
son, attached  to  the  new  two-story  frame  building  recently  erected  by  Hon. 
E.  W.  Mathewson,  Seventh  street,  just  north  of  Broom's  grocery  and  Kyle's 
marble  shop,  and  before  the  department  was  summoned  the  shop  was  wrapped 
in  flames. 

The  department  responded  promptly,  but  the  same  plug  in  the  boiler 
sheet  of  the  fire  engine  which  blew  out  in  the  Arcade  fire  in  October,  1887, 
blew  out  before  a  stream  of  water  was  thrown-,  and  the  engine  and  hose 
companies  were  consequently  disabled.  The  hook  and  ladder  company  went 
to  work  at  once,  however,  vigorously  and  intelligently,  and  did  splendid 
work.  Bucket  lines  were  formed,  and  the  flames  kept  in  check,  and  the  walls 
of  the  burning  residences,  to  which  the  flames  quickly  communicated,  were 
pushed  inward,  and  the  spread  of  the  fire  to  the  wooden  buildings  close  In- 
effectually prevented.  The  loss  was  about  one  thousand  two  hundred  dollars, 
partly  covered  by  insurance. 

THE   FIRE   OF    1895. 

Both  Cambridge  papers  of  October  3,  1895,  contain  full  details  of  the 
devastating  fire  which  swept  over  the  business  section  about  one  o'clock  in 
the  morning  of  October  2d.  The  fire  originated  in  the  Davis  livery  barn,  and 
quickly  spread  across  the  alley  to  the  stables  in  the  rear  of  the  Lyndon  Hotel, 
to  Carnes'  livery  barn  and  to  the  residence  of  Isaac  Turnbaugh  and  Dorcas 
Savage.  The  blacksmith  shop  of  Frank  Johnson  was  next  in  line,  and  the 
greedy  flames  hungrily  consumed  all  that  came  in  their  path. 

In  an  hour,  the  rear  of  Monumental  Hall  was  on  fire.  This  led  directly 
to  the  Taylor  block  and  toward  the  Berwick  Hotel.  George  Shairer's  resi- 
dence and  saloon,  John  M.  Richardson's  residence  and  restaurant.  Downer's 
drug  store,  and  the  Lyndon  Hotel  building  came  next.  The  flames  spread 
rapidly.     Doctor  Moore's  drug  store  was  burned  to  smouldering  ashes. 

On  the  east  and  west  the  fire  was  checked  by  the  Lenfesty  block,  thus 


saving  the  Times  office,  Guernsey  National  Bank,  postoffice,  Wolff's  store, 
and  the  halls  and  offices  in  that  large  building. 

The  fire  spread  down  Wheeling  avenue  from  Monumental  Hall,  con- 
suming Schau's  bakery  and  restaurant,  Mrs.  Forsythe's  millinery  and  no- 
tion store,  Carlisle  &  Grimes'  hardware,  Nelson's  confectionery  and  news 
stand,  the  C.  &  M.  general  offices,  R.  T.  Scott's  and  A.  R.  McCulloch's  law 
offices,  school  room  and  lodge  hall,  Gillespie  &  McCulley's  furniture,  Steele's 
grocery  and  Hornbrook's  shoe  store.  The  fire  was  checked  on  the  west  by 
the  fire  wall  of  the  Berwick  Hotel,. thus  saving  C.  Ayre's  store  and  the  new 

Among  the  valuable  property  destroyed  was  Colonel  Taylor's  private 
library,  containing  many  rare  and  valuable  books  that  cannot  be  replaced, 
and  Scott  and  McCulloch's  law  libraries.  Much  property  was  saved  by  being 
hauled  and  carried  to  places  of  safety,  some  of  it  badly  damaged.  Arnold  & 
Barber  had  removed  their  shoe  store  to  the  new  room  in  the  Lyndon  building 
and  were  ready  to  begin  business  the  following  morning.  They  promptly 
loaded  their  goods  up  and  brought  them  up  to  their  old  stand  at  J.  O.  Mc- 


The  saddest  feature  of  the  fire  was  the  death  of  Frank  Law.  He  and 
"Chuck"  Creighton  were  sleeping  on  cots  in  the  little  office  in  the  southeast 
corner  of  Davis'  stable.  Creighton  was  awakened  by  the  roar  of  flames.  He 
succeeded  in  awakening  Law,  and  then  made  his  escape  by  jumping  out  the 
window.  Exit  by  the  door  was  cut  off  by  flames.  Hours  later,  the  blackened, 
charred  body  of  La"w  was  found  in  the  ruins,  under  a  pile  of  bricks.  It  was 
one  of  the  most  tragic  deaths  which  ever  occurred  in  Cambridge. 


J.  W.  Davis  &  Son  estimated  their  loss  at  $5,000,  insurance  $1,000. 
Eight  of  their  horses  were  burned  outright,  or  so  badly  injured  that  they 
had  to  be  killed.  James  T.  Cain's  driving  mare  was  burned.  W.  H.  Mc- 
Ilyar's  horse  was  badly  burned,  but  escaped  from  the  stable.  Among  those 
burned  in  the  stable  were  the  beautiful  matched  chestnuts,  so  well  known 
to  every  citizen.  They  were  side  by  side  in  their  death  agony.  The  old  horse 
that  hauled  the  express  wagon  was  not  injured. 

George  Schairer  saved  a  part  of  his  saloon  fixtures  and  household 
goods.     Insurance  on  building  and  household  goods,  about  $3,500. 


J.  M.  Richardson  saved  a  portion  of  his  goods.  The  building  and  res- 
taurant were  insured  for  $1,800. 

Carnes'  barn  was  entirely  destroyed,  horses  and  carriages  all  saved. 
Insurance  on  the  barn  and  contents,  $1,800. 

Carlisle  &  Grimes  lost  everything  in  the  store  except  some  powder,  which 
was  brought  off  to  a  safe  place.  They  saved  their  horses  and  dray,  that  were 
in  a  stable  that  was  destroyed;  loss,  $10,000;  insurance,  $7,500.  They  at 
once  began  business  in  their  warehouse  near  the  C.  &  M.  depot. 

J.  M.  Nelson  saved  but  little.    Loss  almost  total;  insurance,  $400. 

C.  Ayre  got  a  large  part  of  his  goods  out  of  the  rooms,  and  later  re- 
arranged them  in  the  same  rooms,  and  went  ahead. 

H.  C.  Hornbrook  got  a  portion  of  his  stock  to  places  of  safety.  His 
room  will  be  repaired,  as  the  roof  was  burnt  off.  Some  goods  were  badly 
injured  by  water. 

The  C.  &  M.  general  offices  saved  their  books  and  papers,  loss  covered  by 

Scott  and  McCulloch's  libraries  were  entirely  consumed,  and  were  not 
insured.     Some  papers  were  saved. 

Harry  Forney,  the  architect,  lost  part  of  his  office  furniture. 

There  was  no  insurance  on  Colonel  Taylor's  valuable  library. 

Gillespie  &  McCulley  saved  most  of  their  stock.  Their  iron-sheeted  and 
roofed  wareroom  preserved  the  stock  in  it.  This  was  the  second  fire  this 
wareroom  had  gone  through,  in  each  case  preserving  its  contents  intact.  This 
firm  saved  their  goods  that  were  stowed  there  at  the  time  of  the  Berwick  fire, 
a  fact  favorable  to  iron  siding  and  roofing. 

Isaac  Turnbaugh  saved  a  part  of  his  goods;  insurance  $500.  Dorcas 
Savage  saved  a  part  of  her  goods,  no  insurance.  The  Lyndon  belonged  to 
W.  B.  Crossgrove;  loss,  $17,500,  insured  for  $10,000,  policy  taken  out  only 
the  preceding  Saturday.  Dr.  C.  A.  Moore  lost  fully  one-half  of  his  goods; 
insured  for  $2,000.  J.  M.  Logan's  loss  was  $1,000;  insured  for  $500.  A.  D. 
Steele's  loss  was  estimated  at  $1,300;  insured  for  $1,000.  Colonel  Taylor 
estimated  his  entire  loss  on  buildings  at  $30,000;  insurance.  $15,200. 

William  Schau,  the  baker,  estimated  his  loss  at  $800.  A  small  part  of 
his  stock  was  saved;  no  insurance.  Carnes  Brothers  estimated  their  loss  at 
$2,000;  insurance  $1,800.  Forsythe's  millinery  and  notion  stock  was  esti- 
mated at  $5,000.  nearly  all  destroyed ;  insurance,  $2,500.  The  furniture  of 
the  school  room  destroyed  was  placed  at  $200.  J.  R.  Downar  saved  most  of 
his  stock,  and  carried  about  $2,500  insurance. 


There  was  hustling  among  the  victims  to  find  rooms  in  which  to  begin 
business.     They  were  difficult  to  find. 

The  origin  of  the  fire  was  not  satisfactorily  ascertained.  Thanks  were 
given  to  the  fire  departments  of  Newark,  Zanesville  and  Barnesville  for  as- 
sistance rendered  in  response  to  a  call  for  aid.  Women  aided  greatly  with 
pots  of  steaming  coffee,  so  that  the  discomfiture  of  the  brave  firemen  was 
considerably  lessened  by  these  "angels  of  temperance  and  charity." 



Adams,  which  is  the  central  western  township  in  Guernsey  county,  is 
hounded  on  the  west  by  Muskingum  county,  on  the  north  -by  Knox,  on  the 
east  by  Cambridge  and  on  the  south  by  Westland  township.  It  is  five  miles 
square,  containing  twenty-five  sections  of  land.  The  National  pike  crosses 
its  extreme  southeastern  corner,  as  does  also  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad. 
It  was  organized  as  a  separate  sub-division  of  Guernsey  county  in  1827.  In 
1900  it  had  a  population  of  seven  hundred  and  seventeen.  Cassel  station  and 
a  portion  of  Mantau  are  the  only  village  plattings  ever  made  within  this 
township.  It  is  well  watered  and  drained  by  the  numerous  small  tributaries 
to  Crooked  creek,  all  streams  flowing  to  the  southeast.  Being  close  to  Cam- 
bridge, it  makes  that  place  its  trading  point. 

The  following,  and  possibly  more,  persons  were  seventy  or  more  years 
of  age  and  residing  in  this  township  in  1876,  and  they  represented  many  of 
the  pioneer  families:  Joseph  Gleur,  Robert  Simpson,  Samuel  Lee  and  wife, 
Robert  S.  Ross  and  wife,  James  Sharrard  and  wife,  John  Leech,  Andrew 
Hamilton,  Samuel  Wells,  Mrs.  J.  H.  Hammond,  John  Hammond.  Abraham 
Barnes,  Samuel  Maxwell,  Samuel  Patterson.  George  Estep  and  wife. 

Joseph  Guthrie,  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1776,  married  in  1801.  located 
in  Adams  township,  this  county,  in  1830.  He  died  in  1855.  They  had 
thirteen  children  and  most  of  them  matured  into  men  and  women  of  energy 
and  importance  in  this  county. 

Among  the  settlers  of  a  later  date  may  be  mentioned  Andrew  Hamilton, 
born  in  Ireland  in  1816,  came  to  Pennsylvania,  and  in  1863  to  this  county, 
locating  in  Londonderry  township,  lived  there  twelve  years  and  then  came 
to  Adams  township,  where  he  possessed  a  two-hundred-acre  farm. 

Thomas  Knox,  who  resided  in  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  born 
in  1799,  accompanied  his  parents  to  Ohio  and  they  located  in  Adams  town- 
ship. The  date  of  his  coming  here  was  181 5  and  in  1832  he  married  Jane 
Miller,  who  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1800.  She  had  a  wonderful  history  and 
experience.  She  was  captured  by  the  British  in  1812,  while  on  her  way  to 
America,  and  kept  at  Newfoundland  two  years.     While  there  her  mother 


died.  Later  the  daughter  joined  her  father,  who  settled  in  Pennsylvania, 
and  from  there  removed  to  this  county  and  married  Mr.  Knox.  Her  husband 
died  here  in  1870  and  she  in  1874. 

Robert  Boyd  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1798  and  emigrated  to  America  in 
1820  and  there  married  Rachel  Frame.  This  worthy  couple  lived  ten  years 
in  Highland  township,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  and  then  made  a  perma- 
nent home  in  Adams  township,  this  county.  He  died  in  1874,  the  father  of 
nine  children. 

James  Johnston  was  a  native  of  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  born 
in  1795,  and  married  Jane  Mehaffey,  who  was  born  in  Ireland.  They  resided 
in  Pennsylvania  six  years  and  then  removed  to  this  township  in  1824  and  he 
died  in  1868.  He  was  a  farmer  and  blacksmith.  Their  son  Alexander  was 
sheriff  of  Guernsey  county  during  the  Civil  war,  with  headquarters  at  Cam- 
bridge. He  owned  a  four-hundred-acre  farm  and  was  a  very  influential  and 
enterprising  citizen. 

John  Mehaffey,  son  of  Samuel,  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1801,  emigrated 
to  this  county  in  1812  and  to  Guernsey  county  in  1819.  In  1826  John  mar- 
ried Nancy  Murphy,  who  died  here  in  1864.  He  then  moved,  with  his  two 
daughters,  to  Cambridge. 

William  Speer,  fifth  child  of  Stewart  and  Jane  Speer,  was  born  in  1818 
and  in  1841  married  Jane  McKinney  and  settled  on  the  old  homestead  in  this 
township.    Their  family  and  descendants  are  well  known  in  the  county  today. 

Stewart  Speer,  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1783,  married  Jane  Scott.  They 
kept  hotel  and  farmed  in  Adams  township  from  1808  to  1812.  In  the  war 
of  1812  he  was  a  lieutenant,  and  later  became  an  associate  judge.  He  died 
in  1850  and  his  good  wife  in  1866;  they  had  eight  children. 

John  Work  was  born  in  Fayette  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1785,  and 
after  his  marriage  to  Nancy  McDoll  moved  to  Washington  county,  Pennsyl- 
vania, where  he  died  in  1850  and  she  in  1873.  One  of  their  three  children, 
John  Work,  born  in  1834,  married  Mary  Morrison  in  i860.  In  1867  they 
settled  in  Spencer  township,  this  county,  and  after  living  in  Westland  town- 
ship for  a  number  of  years,  in  1875  went  to  Adams  township. 

Alexander  Neely  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1828.  He  and  two  sisters  and  a 
brother  left  Ireland  in  1849,  and  settled  in  Adams  township,  this  county, 
where  he  was  married  in  i860.  They  reared  a  large  and  highly  respectable 

John  Sunnafrank  was  a  native  of  the  island  of  Guernsey,  off  the  coast 
of  France,  born  in  1777.  He  was  of  German  parentage,  and  left  his  home 
for  Virginia,  where  he  remained  until  1804,  when  he  moved  to  near  Cam- 


bridge,  this  county,  where  he  resided  eleven  years,  after  which  he  bought  a 
farm  in  Adams  township,  four  miles  from  Cambridge,  on  the  pike,  and  there 
remained  until  his  death  in  1850.  The  children  and  grandchildren  became 
well-to-do  citizens  of  this  county  and  township. 

Alexander  Leeper  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1773  and  his  wife  in 
1777;  they  came  to  Adams  township  in  1831,  locating  on  the  pike,  near 
Cambridge.  Their  numerous  family  are  scattered  here  and  there,  through- 
out the  United  States. 

William  Calhoun,  born  in  Ireland,  in  1796,  emigrated  to  Greene  county, 
Pennsylvania,  in  181 8  and  four  years  later  moved  to  Washington  county, 
where  he  married  Ruth  Clark.  In  1845  tney  commenced  a  five-years  resi- 
dence in  Westmoreland  county,  Pennsylvania,  but  in  1850  settled  in  Adams 
township,  this  county,  where  he  died  in  1871  and  his  wife  ten  years  la,ter. 
They  reared  and  educated  a  family  of  eight  children. 

David  Thompson,  another  early  settler  in  Adams  township,  was  born  in 
Ireland  in  1774,  and  six  years  after  his  marriage  the  man  and  wife  left  their 
native  land  for  America  and  resided  in  Allegheny  county  eighteen  years. 
From  there  they  moved  to  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  near  New  Concord, 
and  from  that  place  went  to  Adams  township,  Guernsey  count}-,  in  1817. 
The  wife  died  in  1847  and  he  in  1859.  They  had  five  children,  all  of  whom 
grew  up  and  settled  in  homes  in  this  county. 

Other  pioneers  were  Benjamin  Reasoner,  Valentine  Shirer.  William 
McCulley,  Ellis  Kelly  and  James  Milligan. 



This  is  the  sub-division  of  Guernsey  in  which  the  city  of  Cambridge  and 
the  seat  of  justice  is  situated.  It  was  one  of  the  five  original  townships  to 
be  organized  in  this  county.  It  dates  its  precinct  history,  therefore,  from 
April  23,  1810.  It  has  had  its  boundary  lines  changed  several  times,  but  at 
present  it  comprises  about  thirty-five  sections  of  land;  is  five  miles  wide 
from  east  to  west  by  seven  miles  north  and  south.  Wills  creek,  the  prin- 
cipal stream  of  Guernsey  county,  meanders  its  way  through  the  township 
from  north  to  south,  with  two  large  ox-bow  bends  to  the  north  of  the  city  of 
Cambridge.  Crooked  creek  also  forms  a  junction  with  this  stream  in  Cam- 
bridge township.  Other  streams  are  tributaries  to  Wills  creek,  including 
Leatherwood  creek,  of  some  historic  fame  as  to  its  name.  What  are  now 
the  Pennsylvania  and  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroads  cross  each  other  at 
Cambridge,  the  former  running  north  and  south  and  the  latter  about  east 
and  west,  bearing  somewhat  to  the  south.  The  old  National  road,  or  pike, 
crosses  this  township  on  its  course  through  Guernsey  county,  with  toll 
bridges  at  Cambridge. 

Coal  mining  is  the  principal  industry  of  the  township,  but  agriculture, 
horticulture  and  gardening  are  also  carried  on  with  fairly  good  success,  as  is 
also  stock  raising.  Its  educational,  religious  and  social  features,  having  been 
treated  in  the  chapters  including  the  city  of  Cambridge,  will  not  be  referred 
to  in  this  connection.  The  early  settlement  of  this  township  has  also  been 
mentioned  in  various  general  chapters,  including  the  city  chapter.  It  may 
be  stated  in  passing,  however,  that  Cambridge  township  had  the  honor  of 
being  the  home  of  the  first  white  man  to  locate  within  Guernsey  county — a 
Mr.  Graham  who  invaded  the  wilds  of  this  section  in  1798.  His  was  the 
only  dwelling  between  Wheeling  and  Zanesville. 



As  its  name  indicates,  this  is  the  central  sub-division  of  Guernsey  county. 
It  was  organized  in  1822  as  a  separate  township.  In  extent  of  territory,  it 
contains  about  twenty-three  sections.  It  is  four  miles  from  east  to  west  and 
six  miles  from  north  to  south.  It  is  surrounded  by  five  townships,  Cam- 
bridge, Jefferson,  Wills.  Jackson  and  Richland.  Centerville  is  a  platted 
place  within  the  township's  limits,  but  never  has  been  of  much  importance. 
The  National  pike  runs  from  east  to  west  across  this  township  in  a  diagonal 

Concerning  the  early  settlement  of  this  township,  it  might  be  considered 
that  the  list  of  the  aged  persons  living  there  in  1876 — Centennial  year — was 
a  good  index  of  the  early  families  and  hence  will  here  be  inserted : 

Hugh  Miller,  Joseph  Eagleson  and  wife,  James  Eagleson,  Katherine 
Eagleson,  John  Luzadder,  Nero  Gilson,  Benjamin  Simpson,  Nancy  McCul- 
lum,  James  Spence,  Joseph  Griffith.  James  Dungan,  Martha  Patterson,  Mary 
Kendall,  Elizabeth  Boyd.  These  persons  had  in  1876  reached  the  age  of 
seventy-six  years  and  many  upwards  of  that.  Many  of  their  children  and 
grandchildren  still  reside  in  this  township  and  are  the  farmers,  stockmen 
and  business  factors  of  today. 

William  Norris,  a  native  of  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  born  in 
1805,  removed  to  Ohio  with  his  young  wife  in  1834,  settling  in  the  north 
part  of  Centre  township,  Guernsey  county,  where  he  soon  after  died.  He  had 
a  son,  William,  Jr.,  who  became  a  well  known  citizen  of  the  township. 

John  Thompson  emigrated  to  this  county  at  a  very  early  day  and  lo- 
cated on  the  banks  of  Leatherwood  creek,  in  Centre  township.  He  was  born 
in  Washington  county.  Pennsylvania,  in  March,  1807,  and  died  here  in  1859. 
Of  their  six  children,  four  survived  to  manhood  and  womanhood. 

Among  those  brave  souls  who  braved  the  dangers  of  this  then  new  wild 
country  in  1820,  were  William  and  Mary  (Robinson)  Thompson,  born  about 
1787  in  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania.  In  1819  they  came  to  Centre  town- 
ship and  were  delighted  with  the  country  and  its  promises  for  the  future  as  a 
home-building  place  for  them.     After  making  a  preliminary  trip,  he  brought 


his  family  on  and  erected  a  cabin.  The  trip  was  made,  with  great  danger, 
in  a  wagon  all  the  way  from  Pennsylvania.  Within  a  few  years  he  had 
cleared  up  a  hundred  and  sixty  acres  and  purchased  more  land  and  built  a 
saw  and  grist-mill  on  Leatherwood  creek,  the  first  within  Centre  township. 

Alexander  Egleson  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1783  and  came  to  Pennsyl- 
vania in  1819  and  to  Centre  township  in  1830.  He  and  his  family  became 
substantial  and  well-to-do  farmers  of  this  county. 

In  1 84 1  came  Samuel  Nelson  and  wife  from  Pennsylvania,  their  native 
state,  and  located  in  Centre  township  and  here  they  reared  a  worthy  and 
industrious  family. 

Thomas  and  Ann  (Pursely)  Warne  emigrated  from  New  Jersey  to 
Ohio  in  1802  and  located  in  Wills  township  first,  then  moved  to  Muskingum 
county,  but  in  1812  returned  to  Guernsey  county,  settling  in  Centre  township. 
Their  log  cabin  home  was  once  surrounded  by  water  during  a  flood  and  the 
family  were  removed  on  horseback.  Mr.  Warne  was  drowned  while  on  a  trip 
to  Stillwater,  where  he  had  gone  to  procure  funds  with  which  to  prosecute 
his  claims  for  a  large  estate  in  the  East.  He  reared  a  large  and  highly  re- 
spected family  of  sons  and  daughters. 

Ireland  furnished  another  sturdy  son  for  the  settlement  of  Centre  town- 
ship, in  the  person  of  John  Boyd,  born  in  Antrim,  181 8.  His  parents  and 
sister  left  for  America  in  1832  to  seek  a  home  in  free  America,  and  after 
two  weeks  in  the  city  of  New  York,  landed  in  Centre  township  as  soon  as 
they  could  well  make  the  trip.     The  father  was  James  Boyd. 

Stout  Patterson  was  among  the  hardy  pioneers  of  this  township.  He 
was  known  as  Sr.  Patterson  and  his  son  as  Stout,  Jr.  The  father  was  born 
in  Greene  county,  Pennsylvania,  as  was  his  good  wife.  They  bought  and  paid 
for  forty  acres  of  land  in  this  township  and  there  they  reared  a  family,  lived 
and  finally  died.  They  came  here  in  1808,  hence  were  truly  "first  settlers" 
in  Guernsey  county. 

William  Clippinger  is  another  pioneer  who  must  not  be  omitted  in  Cen- 
tre township  settlement.  He  was  born  in  Westmoreland  county,  Pennsyl- 
vania, in  1781  and  his  Wife  in  1779;  both  died  in  1835.  He  and  his  son 
William  erected  a  rude  log  house  and  partly  cleared  up  a  small  farm  tract 
before  moving  the  family  here.  At  the  time  of  his  death,  he  had  bought  and 
paid  for  one  hundred  and  fifty-seven  acres. 

Isaac  McCollum  was  born  in  New  Jersey  in  1802,  moved  to  Centre  town- 
ship in  1819  and  lived  here  until  overtaken  by  death.  A  son  of  this  gentle- 
man, Grey  McCollum,  served  in  the  Twelfth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry  during 
two  years  of  the  Civil  war  and  was  twice  wounded  and  finally  taken  prisoner 


and  laid  in  Libby  prison  pen  for  six  months,  but  later  came  home  and  lie- 
came  a  good  farmer  and  held  the  old  homestead. 

Craig  is  a  hamlet  midway  between  Cambridge  and  Washington,  and 
consists  of  about  a  dozen  houses  and  a  general  store.  It  had  a  postoffice  at 
one  time,  but  it  is  now  discontinued. 



Jefferson  township  is  the  second  from  the  northern  and  the  third  from 
the  eastern  line  of  Guernsey  county.  It  is  five  miles  square,  contains  twenty- 
five  sections  and  is  in  an  excellent  part  of  the  county.  Its  history  dates 
from  June  3,  1816,  when  it  was  cut  off  from  territory  formerly  included  in 
Madison  township.     It  is  without  town  or  village. 

Its  early  settlers  included  the  following  persons,  who  in  1876  were  re- 
ported as  still  residing  within  the  confines  of  the  township,  and  had  passed 
the  seventy-sixth  year  mark  of  life's  journey: 

Edward  Bratton,  Thomas  Brown,  James  Clark,  Caleb  Cannan,  John 
Leeper,  Henry  McCleary,  John  Martin,  Stephen  Stiles,  Andrew  Stiles,  Robert 
Speers,  Samuel  Stewart,  Joshua  Smith,  Harris  Wiley,  Jane  Adams,  Mrs. 
Brown,  Margaret  Culbertson,  Hannah  Cannan,  Mrs.  Fairchild,  Delight  Gunn, 
Mrs.  Kimble,  Elizabeth  Lanning,  Mary  McClary,  Nancy  McMillen,  Fanny 
Stiles.  Eve  Taylor  and  Mrs.  Taylor. 

George  Linn  was  born  in  Augusta  county,  Virginia,  in  1768,  and  taught 
school  there  until  1813,  when  he  settled  here  on  a  farm.  He  married  Pamelia 
Matthews  and  they  reared  eight  children.  Their  son,  Cyrus,  was  born  here 
in  1837  and  was  educated  at  Athens  College  and  to  him  and  his  wife  were 
born  five  children,  well  known  in  this  county. 

John  S.  Fordyce  was  born  in  1808  and  left  his  native  town  in  Pennsyl- 
vania fifteen  years  later  for  Harrison  county,  Ohio,  where  his  parents  de- 
cided to  locate.  He  married  Margaret  Shipman,  who  was  born  in  Pennsyl- 
vania in  1812.  They  remained  in  Harrison  county  eight  years  and  then 
settled  in  this  township,  where  he  died  some  years  later.  They  had  eight 
children,  John,  one  of  the  sons,  being  born  in  Harrison  county,  in  1837.  In 
1867  he  married  Hannah  Allen,  a  native  of  Guernsey  county.  They  first 
lived  two  years  in  Madison  township  and  then  came  to  Jefferson  township. 

Jesse  Thomas  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  lived  at  home  until  181 3, 
when  he  married  and  finally  died  on  the  west  branch  of  the  Susquehanna 
river  in  1822.  His  wife  then  lived  in  Winchester,  this  county,  until  1849. 
Their  children  were  Samuel,  Lewis,  Charles  and  Jesse.  Samuel  Thomas  was 
born  in  Pennsylvania,  in  181 5,  and  came  to  Ohio  with  his  mother  in  1823. 


He  married  and  resided  at  various  places  in  this  county,  until  1843,  when  he 
settled  in  this  township  and  operated  a  mill  many  years.  He  resided  on  one 
place  more  than  forty  years  and  was  infirmary  director  and  trustee  of  his 

James  Gillispie  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1787  and  emigrated  to  this  coun- 
try when  eighteen  years  of  age,  working  on  a  farm  in  Pennsylvania.  In  1809 
he  married.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  1812  and  in  1831  removed  to 
Belmont  county,  Ohio,  and  ten  years  later  to  this  township.  He  died  in  1847 
and  his  wife  in  1841.     His  family  consisted  of  wife  and  nine  children. 

The  above  represent  a  large  majority  of  the  early  settlers  in  this  goodly 
township.  Their  descendants  are  scattered  throughout  this  and  adjoining 


After  having  given  a  number  of  the  earlier  pioneers  of  this  township 
it  now  becomes  the  duty  of  the  historian  to  give  something  concerning  the 
first  actual  settlers,  who  were  William  Lautz  and  Martin  Stull.  These  emi- 
grated from  Greene  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1805  and  located,  Stull  on  lots 
14  and  15,  and  Lautz  on  lots  1  and  2,  in  the  military  land  district.  Stull 
soon  died  there.  John  Tidrick,  from  the  same  county  and  state,  settled  on  lot 
3.  William  Allen  located  on  lot  28  and  owned  at  one  time  seven  hundred 
acres  of  land.  He  came  to  this  township  in  1806,  and  later  married  Mr. 
Stull's  widow.  He  reared  a  large  family  and  was  trustee  in  181 5,  when 
Madison  and  Jefferson  composed  one  civil  township.     He  died  in  1845. 

Rev.  John  Graham,  in  1824,  organized  a  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
with  eight  members.  They  met  for  worship  at  Mr.  Allen's  house  for  six- 
teen years,  but  in  1839  built  a  church  on  Mr.  Allen's  land.  This  was  the 
first  religious  society  formed  within  the  township. 

Jonathan  Stiles,  of  English  descent,  came  in  1806,  locating  in  the  south- 
east quarter  of  section  17,  third  quarter  township. 

Adam  Linn  built  a  house  and  kept  tavern  on  the  old  Steubenville  road 
in  1809.  Abraham  Mathews  came  in  the  same  year,  as  did  John  Bird  and  his 
eight- sons  and  daughters.  William  Bratton  effected  settlement  in  181 5,  on 
section  25.  It  was  in  1810  when  William  Moore  and  family  settled,  as  did 
this  aged  couple's  son-in-law,  John  Henderson.  William  Moore  was  justice 
of  the  peace  in  1816,  and  John  Henderson  served  from  1819  to  1846  as  his 
successor,  two  terms  being  excepted.     Both  were  devout  Presbyterians. 

In  1S10  came  James  Waddle;  in  1812  came  Nathan  Kimball  and  James 



Strain  and  Samuel  Paxton.  The  first  great  improvement  in  mills  in  the 
county  was  by  John  Armstrong  and  his  son,  Abraham. 

John  Lake,  who  was  constable  in  1815,  settled  in  1812  on  section  13. 
He  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  1812.  In  1815  John  McCulloch  settled  on 
section  5,  and  built  a  saw  mill. 

Andrew  Clark  built  a  grist  and  saw  mill  combined  in  one,  near  Sugar 
Tree  fork  postoffice.  In  18 18  James  Wilson  settled  on  lot  34  and  he  followed 
blacksmithing  many  years.  In  1819  Richard  Cornell  settled  on  section  25. 
In  1820  Thomas  Whitehill  and  son,  Thomas,  from  Scotland,  settled  on 
section  6. 

In  1820  also  came  James  Willis,  of  Ireland;  in  1821,  came  Isaac  Lan- 
ning,  who  settled  on  section  3.  John  Speers,  from  Ireland,  settled  in  the 
same  neighborhood  about  the  date  last  mentioned.  Robert  Kirkwood  located 
here  in  1825  and  in  1849  bought  the  Armstrong  farm.  He  was  an  elder  in 
the  Pleasant  Hill  United  Presbyterian  church. 



Second  from  the  west  and  south  line  of  Guernsey  county  is  Jackson 
civil  township.  It  was  organized  in  1824  and  was  named  for  the  illustrious 
General  Andrew  Jackson.  It  contains  about  twenty-three  sections.  Its  gen- 
eral size  and  shape  is  three  miles  in  width  from  north  to  south,  by  seven  east 
and  west.  Wills  creek  meanders  its  course  to  the  north  through  this  town- 
ship, being  formed  by  Seneca  creek  and  other  lesser  streams.  The  Pennsyl- 
vania railroad  passes  through  the  township  from  north  to  south,  with  a 
station  point  at  Byesville. 

This  part  was  early  in  the  permanent  settlement  of  the  county  and 
many  of  the  hardy  pioneers  still  remained  here  to  enjoy  the  fruits  of  their 
labors,  as  late  as  1882.  when  the  following  were  registered  as  being  resi- 
dents and  as  being  seventy-six  or  more  years  of  age :  Henry  Woodrow. 
Lawson  Rogers,  Isaac  Hoopman,  John  Fox,  James  Arbuckle,  Joseph  Davis, 
Bethnel  Abies,  Isaac  Meek,  Elizabeth  Wilson,  Mrs.  De  LaRue,  Mrs.  Reiney. 
Mary  Wright,  Thomas  Wilson,  Solomon  Peter,  Simon  Dickerson,  William 
Rainey,  Benjamin  Wells,  Daniel  Masters,  Mary  Woodrow.  Prudence  Selby, 
Elizabeth  Wheatly,  Jane  Clark  and  Mrs.  Whalon. 

Of  the  Newnom  family  and  their  settlement,  it  is  related  that  John  Xew- 
nom,  a  native  of  Talbot  county,  Maryland,  born  in  1787,  with  his  wife, 
sought  the  West  for  a  home.  They  went  to  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  by 
means  of  horse  cart,  in  which  the  wife  rode,  while  the  husband  went  over 
hill  and  dale  and  called  out  the  many  beautiful  and  romantic  scenes  as  they 
traveled  along.  Soon  after  their  arrival  in  Jackson  township,  the  good  wife 
sickened  and  died,  in  1833,  and  the  same  year  he  married  again.  They  had 
six  sons,  including  Eusebius  H.,  who  was  born  in  Talbot  county,  Maryland, 
in  1819,  and  married  Margaret  Arbuckle  in  1844.  They  had  a  large  family 
of  sons  and  daughters.  Mr.  Newnom  had  a  farm  of  two  hundred  and  eighty 
acres  and  raised  many  sheep. 

John  Weirs,  a  native  of  Harrison  county,  Virginia,  in  1816,  emigrated 
to  this  county  with  his  parents,  Benjamin  Weirs  and  wife,  and  settled  in 
Jackson  township.  When  they  located  here  there  were  but  twelve  houses  in 
the  township  as  now  defined.     The  one  hundred  ami  twenty  acres  which  Mr. 


Weirs  entered  and  purchased  was  all  heavily  timbered.  Here  the  pioneer 
went  to  work  and  succeeded  in  clearing  up  sufficient  land  to  raise  a  living 
and  subsequently  had  a  beautiful  farm  and  reared  an  intelligent  family  of 
sons  and  daughters,  members  of  which  still  honor  the  family  name  as  influ- 
ential citizens  of  today. 

John  Frye  was  another  man  who  assisted  in  bringing  the  township  to 
its  present  state  of  improvement.  He  was  born  in  this  county  in  1828,  and 
was  married  in  1854.  In  i860  Mr.  Frye  was  elected  justice  of  the  peace 
and  held  the  office  for  twenty-one  successive  years.  He  was  a  long  time 
clerk  and  treasurer  of  Jackson  township. 

David  Williams  emigrated  from  Scotland  to  this  county,  in  company 
with  his  brother-in-law,  Robert  Nicholson,  in  1818.  He  was  a  weaver  by 
trade  and  did  work  for  his  neighbors.  In  this  way  he  obtained  money  suffi- 
cient to  get  his  farm,  consisting  of  a  hundred  and  twenty  acres,  and  cleared 
it  up.  The  son,  Robert  N.  Williams,  was  born  in  1830  and  married  in  1831. 
He  bought  the  old  homestead  and  added  thereto. 

The  Nicholsons  came  originally  from  Scotland  to  Maryland  and  in 
1 82 1  came  to  Guernsey  county.  He  bought  three  hundred  acres  of  military 
land  and,  besides  farming,  worked  as  a  carpenter.  Andrew  W.  Nicholson 
was  born  in  1833,  m  Jackson  township,  and  became  an  extensive  farmer  and 
coal  operator.  He  had  four  hundred  acres  of  land,  which  produced  in  1882 
from  five  hundred  thousand  to  a  million  bushels  of  coal.  These  mines  are 
two  or  three  miles  south  of  Cambridge  and  were  worked  on  the  royalty  plan 
by  the  Ohio  Coal  Company. 

Others  whose  names  should  not  be  omitted  in  this  account  of  the  per- 
sons who  have  developed  this  township  are:  Elijah  Hoopman,  Nathan  Burt, 
Mrs.  Nancy  Nicholson,  John  F.  Trenner,  Martin  E.  Robbins,  Thomas  S. 
Shriver,  Solomon  Peters  and  sons,  Wesley  M.  Gorsuch,  Jonathan  S.  Gander, 
David  Gander,  Benjamin  Trenner,  Lawson  W.  Rogers.  George  Cale,  John  A. 
Bliss.  Another  settler  was  William  M.  Grany,  of  Byesville,  a  native  of  Bal- 
timore, born  in  1809,  who  settled  in  Jackson  township  in  1856.  From  1857 
to  1872  he  was  treasurer  of  the  township.  For  twenty  years  he  kept  a  general 
store  at  his  residence,  being  postmaster  at  the  same  time. 

Elijah  Shriver's  birth  was  among  the  first  in  Guernsey  county,  born  as 
he  was  in  1810,  son  of  Adam  Shriver  and  wife.  The  Shrivers  left  Pennsyl- 
vania in  1809  and  located  in  Jackson  (then  Buffalo)  township,  this  county. 
Elijah  Shriver  held  various  positions  here,  and  was  credited  with  being  the 
richest  man  in  the  township  in  1880. 

William  Rainey,   Sr.,  left  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,   in   1837, 


with  Andrew  Whittier,  his  wife's  step-father.  The  couple  constructed  a  rude 
cabin  on  lots  28  and  29  of  the  military  lands.  Whittier  was  a  German  by 
birth,  born  in  1716,  and  emigrated  to  Maryland  before  the  Revolutionary  war. 
He  died  at  the  exceptional  old  age  of  one  hundred  and  twenty-four  years. 


Byesville  is  the  only  platted  town,  or  village,  in  this  township.  It  dates 
its  platting  from  July  1,  1856,  but  as  an  incorporated  place,  November  26, 
1881.  It  is  situated  on  section  6,  township  1,  range  2.  A  number  of  citizens 
joined  in  the  platting  of  Byesville. 

Of  recent  years  this  has  grown  to  be  an  excellent  business  place.  The 
mining  and  other  near-at-hand  industries,  together  with  the  farming  com- 
munity, makes  it  a  desirable  location  for  lively  business  interests.  The  street 
railway  from  Cambridge  and  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  line,  afford  a  speedy 
mode  of  transit  to  and  from  the  outside  world. 

In  the  fore  part  of  1866  a  new  industry  commenced  to  be  developed  in 
Guernsey  county — that  of  coal  mining — to  any  considerable  extent,  through 
the  efforts  of  W.  H.  Williams,  state  pay  agent,  on  the  Central  Ohio  railroad 
line,  a  few  miles  to  the  east  of  Cambridge,  and  following  this  the  opening  of 
mines  near  present  Byesville.  The  Marietta  &  Pittsburg  road  was  constructed 
through  this  section  in  1873,  promoted  by  "General"  A.  J.  Warner.  Here, 
on  the  east  side  of  where  the  village  of  Byesville  was  platted,  the  first  cap- 
tain of  industry  located  without  bonus  or  free  site,  erecting  a  saw  mill ;  also 
a  general  store  was  opened  for  business  and  the  foundation  for  commerce 
and  industry  was  established.  The  man  who  accomplished  all  this  and  much 
more  was  Jonathan  Bye,  for  whom  was  named  Bye's  Mills  and  later  the  town 
itself.  The  first  store  of  the  town  was  conducted  by  Dr.  Francis  Walker,  the 
first  physician  of  the  village.  The  old  mill  was  the  drawing  card  here  for 
several  years,  but  it  was  destroyed  by  fire  a  few  years  ago. 

Among  the  earliest  settlers  of  this  community  were  these :  The  Mc- 
Clusky,  Meek,  Sayre,  Forbes,  Shriver,  Linkhorn.  Secrest,  Sears,  Gorsuch, 
Conner,  Seals,  Selby  and  Smith  families.  These  pioneer  families  all  have 
numerous  descendants  here  today. 


The  incorporation  of  Byesville  dates  from  February  7,  1882,  when  the 
village  was  duly  incorporated  and  the  first  municipal  election  held  April  24th. 


that  year.  The  first  officers  were:  T.  J.  Lee.  mayor;  James  Selby,  clerk; 
L.  W.  Smith,  treasurer.  The  first  marshal  of  the  village  was  George  H. 
Dudley  and  the  first  president  of  the  council  was  Joseph  Allman.  The  first 
ordinance  passed  was  restraining  the  use  of  fire  arms.  The  following  have 
served  as  mayors  of  Byesville  : 

T.  J.  Lee,  E.  Sears,  Lloyd  Selby,  John  Holbrook,  Thomas  M.  Davies, 
Dillon  Marsh,  E.  W.  Smith,  Elmer  Green,  C.  A.  Bonom  and  W.  A.  Chals- 
fant,  the  present  incumbent.     Elmer  Green  is  the  present  efficient  clerk. 

The  village  offices  are  in  a  two-story  building,  purchased  in  1907  and 
now  valued  at  five  thousand  dollars.  It  contains  rooms  for  the  council  meet- 
ings, a  jail,  etc. 

The  village  has  an  efficient  volunteer  fire  department,  with  an  equip- 
ment of  fine  apparatus,  including  a  fire  engine  and  plenty  of  hose.  Water  is 
obtained  from  seven  street  cisterns,  located  at  various  points  in  the  village. 
The  company  consists  of  about  sixty-five  members.  The  streets  are  lighted 
by  natural  gas.  Recently  a  contract  was  let  to  the  Midland  Company  to 
supply  this  natural  gas  for  so  much  a  month. 

In  1 88 1  the  village  possessed  but  a  little  more  than  three  hundred  souls, 
but  it  has  grown  wonderfully.  Board  walks  were  first  used,  but  long  since, 
cement  and  brick  have  taken  their  place  and  now  the  mileage  of  such  walks 
exceeds  three  miles.  The  electric  line  from  Cambridge  was  completed  sev- 
eral years  ago  and  the  natural  gas  is  used  universally  for  street  and  domestic 
use.  About  twenty  coal  mines  blow  their  whistles  daily  to  call  the  hundreds 
of  workmen.  The  paved  streets  and  general  appearance  of  the  place  indi- 
cates thrift  and  enterprise. 


Byesville  is  fast  coming  to  be  a  factory  town.  The  people  have  given 
several  concerns  a  bonus  to  locate  in  their  midst  and  such  concerns  have 
brought  much  wealth  to  the  place.  Among  these  may  be  named  the  tile 
works,  for  which  eight  thousand  dollars  was  raised ;  the  Byesville  Glass  and 
Lamp  Company  was  operated  seven  years  successfully  and  employed  over 
two  hundred  workmen,  paying  out  six  thousand  dollars  each  two  weeks  for 
some  time.  This  cost  the  village  twenty  thousand  dollars  and  the  cost  of  the 
plant  itself  was  sixty-five  thousand  dollars.  The  coal  mining  interest  is  the 
life  of  Byesville  today. 



With  the  laying  out  of  Byesville  it  had  a  postoffice  and  the  following 
have  served  as  postmasters  at  one  time  or  another :  L.  K..  Thompson,  George 
Conner,  Lloyd  Selby,  E.  L.  Allman,  E.  F.  Meek,  John  Nicholson,  D.  S.  Burt 
and  the  present  incumbent,  Dr.  C.  A.  Austin.  The  office  is  conducted  in  all 
departments  in  a  very  careful  manner  and  is  centrally  located. 

Of  the  banks,  churches,  schools  and  lodges,  the  reader  is  referred  to 
chapters  on  those  subjects  in  this  volume,  covering  the  county  in  general. 

A  few  points  to  be  remembered  are  these :  That  natural  gas  was  piped 
into  the  village  in  1898;  the  electric  railroad  from  Cambridge  entered  the 
place  in  November,  1899;  coa^  mining  started  as  an  industry  in  this  county 
in  1866,  but  Byesville  was  not  identified  with  it  until  1877,  when  old  Central 
mine  started  up.  Pick  mining  was  then  employed  altogether.  It  is  esti- 
mated that  enough  coal  was  taken  from  these  mines  if  the  same  had  been 
loaded  upon  thirty-ton  cars  to  reach  across  the  continent  in  a  solid  train  of 
cars.  The  following  six  men  lost  their  lives  in  this  first  Byesville  vicinity 
mine:  Eli  Wilson,  William  Mackley,  Thomas  Allender,  Hollis  James,  Wil- 
liam Collins  and  John  W.  Hesse. 


Banks — First  National  and  Byesville  State  Bank. 

Drugs — J.  M.  Combs  &  Company,  G.  A.  Ffeiner. 

Dry  Goods — J.  A.  Prior,  E.  L.  Grossman,  J.  Ff.  Meek. 

Feed  Store — G.  W.  Collins,  B.  G.  Witten  Sons  Company. 

Furniture — S.  W.  Conner,  Eberle  &  McCormick. 

General  Stores — A.  C.  Outland,  F.  W.  Johnston,  Byesville  Co-operative 
Company,  Butkhard  Brothers,  E.  L.  Gary,  Graham  &  Son,  J.  A.  Prior, 
Ffutton  &  Clay. 

Hardware — Guernsey  Hardware  Company,  H.  C.  Egger. 

Hotel — J.  H.  Thompson. 

Groceries — W.  L.  Foraker,  T.  F.  Slay,  McLaughlin  &  Osier. 

Livery— S.  W.  Stage,  E.  O.  Beckett. 

Newspaper — Byesville  Enterprise. 

Millinery — Ina  Hilderbrand,  Lilly  Williams,   Yoho  &  Yoho. 

Meat  Market — T.  W.  Culbertson,  T.  H.  Dickens. 



Knox  township,  taken  from  the  north  end  of  Westland  and  a  part  of 
Wheeling  township  in  March,  1819,  is  now  a  five-mile  square  civil  precinct  of 
Guernsey  county,  bounded  on  the  west  by  Muskingum  county,  on  the  north  by 
Coshocton  county  and  Wheeling  township  of  this  county,  on  the  east  by 
Liberty  and  Cambridge  townships  and  on  the  south  by  Adams  township. 
There  are  no  towns  of  any  commercial  importance  within  this  township  and, 
without  railroads  or  large  water  courses,  it  depends  largely  on  Cambridge  as 
its  trading  place.  This  township  is  devoted  largely  to  agricultural  pursuits 
and  has  a  number  of  excellent  places,  well  improved.  Which  yield  up  their 
annual  harvests. 

At  the  time  of  the  Centennial  Exposition  in  Philadelphia,  in  1876,  a 
canvass  of  the  old  settlers  was  made  which  resulted  in  the  showing  of  the 
following  list  of  pioneers  who  had  attained  the  age,  or  passed  the  age,  of 
seventy-six  years,  then  residing  in  the  township :  Jared  Terrell,  Margaret 
Terrell,  Jane  Patrick,  George  Eckelberry  and  wife,  Mrs.  Sarah  A.  Estep,  Wil- 
liam Young,  Jane  Young,  James  Black,  William  Scott,  Jacob  Merlat,  Hugh 
Dyer,  James  Cullen,  Benjamin  Hawthorne,  George  Estep,  Edward  Beal  and 
John  Zimmerman.  These  old  settlers  nearly  all  came  to  Knox  township  at 
an  early  time  and  reared  large  families  which  have  one  by  one  taken  their 
places  in  the  great  busy  world,  in  one  capacity  or  another. 

William  Kenworthy  came  from  England  in  1841,  and  worked  for  ten 
years  in  a  cotton  factory  in  Delaware  county,  Pennsylvania,  but  in  185 1  lo- 
cated in  Knox  township  and  cleared  up  most  of  the  old  homestead  found 
there  today. 

William  Hamilton  Clark  was  four  years  old  when  his  parents  came  from 
Ireland.  In  1840  he  married  and  settled  in  Knox  township,  this  county. 
Eleven  children  were  born  to  this  worthy  couple.  Mr.  Clark  was  school  di- 
rector in  this  township  for  many  years. 

Francis  Kilpatrick  came  from  Ireland  in  1850,  and  effected  a  permanent 
settlement  in  Knox  township,  where  he  and  his  interesting  family  spent  the 
remainder  of  their  days. 


John  Clark  (father  of  Elizabeth  Weir)  was  a  native  of  Ireland  and  a 
blacksmith  by  trade.  Ten  years  after  his  marriage  he  emigrated  to  America 
and  they  were  the  parents  of  seven  children.  They  lived  five  years  in  Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania,  then  located  in  Knox  township,  this  county,  and  the 
family  have  become  scattered,  but  all  widely  known  as  men  and  women  of 
rare  industry  and  integrity. 

William  P.  Ross,  son  of  James  Ross,  of  Lancaster  county,  Pennsylvania, 
was  quite  an  early  settler  in  Knox  township.  He  was  school  director  for 
twenty  years  and  lived  on  and  owned  the  farm  known  as  the  "Old  Still  House 
Farm,"  as  at  one  time  it  had  a  still  on  it. 

Jacob  Marlatt  was  born  in  Maryland  in  1803.  Five  years  after  his  mar- 
riage he  settled  in  Knox  township  and  became  the  father  of  thirteen  children, 
including  Josephus.  who  served  as  a  soldier  in  the  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
second  Ohio  Infantry,  and  was  badly  wounded  at  the  battle  of  the  Wilder- 

William  Addy,  born  in  1781,  in  Virginia,  and  John  Kennedy,  an  Irish 
weaver,  born  in  1779,  were  both  early  pioneers  in  Knox  township. 

The  biographical  volume  of  this  work  will  give  the  sketches  of  many 
who  located,  at  a  later  date,  in  this  township. 



Oxford  is  on  the  eastern  border  of  Guernsey  county,  midway  north  and 
south.  It  is  five  miles  from  north  to  south  and  six  from  east  to  west,  con- 
taining about  thirty  sections  of  excellent  land.  Belmont  county  is  to  the 
east,  Millwood  township  on  the  south,  Wills  and  Madison  on  the  west  and 
Londonderry  township  on  the  north.  Fairview,  an  historic  village,  is  the 
only  place  of  much  importance  within  the  township.  Here  begins  the  first 
section  of  the  old  National  pike  in  Guernsey  county.  It  traverses  the  town- 
ship through  its  central  portion,  passing  through  six  sections  of  the  township, 
en  route  to  Cambridge.  It  was  one  of  the  original  townships  in  the  county 
and  an  account  is  given  of  its  early  settlement,  etc.,  by  a  citizen,  Fred  L. 
Rosmond,  whose  sketch  of  the  township  is  as  follows: 

"At  the  organization  of  Guernsey  county  in  April,  1810,  Oxford  was 
one  of  the  five  townships  into  which  the  county  was  originally  divided  and, 
of  course,  was  much  larger  than  it  now  is.  As  it  lay  against  Belmont  county 
on  the  east,  with  only  that  one  county  intervening  between  it  and  the  Ohio 
river,  and  as  the  'Zane  Trace'  traversed  it  from  east  to  west,  it  profited  by 
the  early  immigration  from  the  East,  which  had  no  other  equally  good 

"Oxford  township  was  also  on  the  eastern  border  of  the  United  States 
military  bounty  lands,  and  at  the  western  border  of  the  'Seven  Ranges.'  The 
latter  were  the  first  government  lands  surveyed  for  sale,  and  were  also  the 
first  public  lands  to  which  the  rectangular  system,  affording  sections  one 
mile  square,  was  applied.  The  lands  in  the  'Seven  Ranges'  were  on  the 
market  from  1787  onward  at  the  fixed  price  of  two  dollars  per  acre.  The 
sale  of  them  became  slow,  partially  because  the  price  was  comparatively  high. 
Lands  in  the  Western  Reserve  were  offered  by  Connecticut  at  fifty  cents  per 
acre.  Lands  in  the  Symmes  Purchase  in  southwestern  Ohio  were  offered  at 
sixty-seven  cents  per  acre.  Moreover  When,  in  1796,  the  survey  of  the 
military  bounty  lands  was  authorized,  and  these  were  put  on  the  market  by 
those  who  earned  or  acquired  bounty  certificates,  the  competition  with  the 
land  in  the  'Seven  Ranges'  became  sharper,  and  one  reason  appears  why  immi- 


grants  would  pass  just  through  the  'Seven  Ranges'  and  settle  on  the  bounty 
lands  in  Oxford  township  and  the  country  west  of  that. 

"The  Zane  Trace  was  made  under  contract  with  the  federal  government, 
by  Ebenezer  Zane,  for  whom  Zanesville  is  named.  It  extended  from  oppo- 
site Wheeling  to  what  was  then  known  as  Limestone,  a  point  on  the  Ohio 
river  nearly  opposite  Maysville,  Kentucky.  At  the  outset  the  chief  towns 
along  it  were  Cambridge,  Zanesville,  Lancaster  and  Chillicothe.  It  was 
neither  a  highway,  nor  what  would  now  be  considered  a  road.  The  makers 
of  it  contented  themselves  with  cutting  down  the  timber  and  clearing  away 
some  of  the  undergrowth,  so  that  the  route  would  be  passable  for  horsemen ; 
and  this  seems  to  have  been  all  that  was  expected  of  them.  There  was  no 
ferry  west  from  Wheeling  until  the  crossing  of  Wills  creek,  where  Cam- 
bridge now  stands,  was  reached.  In  a  general  way  Zane  followed  an  Indian 
trail.  The  route  was  an  important  one,  however,  because  it  connected  Penn- 
sylvania and  the  Ohio  river  at  Wheeling  with  the  West  and  Southwest, 
and,  with  the  so-called  Wilderness  Trail,  connecting  Kentucky  with  Virginia, 
formed  the  two  great  arteries  of  communication  for  that  day  between  the 
East  and  the  West  across  the  Alteghanies. 

"The  township  organization  was  effected  April  23,  1810.  It  is  a  tradition 
that  there  were  then  not  enough  men  in  the  township,  large  as  it  was,  to  fill  the 
offices.  As  the  number  of  offices  at  that  time  seems  to  have  been  nineteen,  this 
is  likely  a  mistake.  Perhaps  it  may  be  that  there  were  then  not  enough  voters 
to  fill  the  offices,  but  there  were  more  than  nineteen  male  persons  in  that  region. 
Later  on  the  population  was  added  to  chiefly  by  settlers  who  had  served  in 
the  war  of  181 2,  and  in  the  early  years  the  Irish  and  Scotch-Irish  largely  pre- 
ponderated.   A  roster  of  the  names  of  the  early  residents  shows  this. 

"The  first  settlement  in  Oxford  township  was  at  Fletcher,  where  the 
Fletcher  Methodist  Episcopal  church  now  is.  Nothing  except  this  perpetua- 
tion of  that  name,  and  some  faint  inscriptions  on  the  stones  in  the  burying- 
ground  hard  by,  remain  to  testify  to  its  existence.  It  was  on  the  Zane  Trace. 
Philip  Rosemond  settled  here  on  a  quarter  section  of  land  which  he  bought 
early  in  April,  1810,  from  Noah  Linsley  for  five  hundred  dollars.  To  this 
he  added,  in  1819,  another  quarter  section  which  he  bought  from  John 
Heskett  in  January.  1819.  He  kept  here  for  years  a  tavern,  and  is  said  to 
have  been  the  first  postmaster,  and  to  have  kept  the  first  postoffice  between 
Wheeling  and  Zanesville.  Nearby  were  the  Wherrys.  Ableses,  Kennons, 
Mortons  and  Plattenburgs. 

"In  March,  1814,  Fairview  was  laid  out  by  Hugh  Gilliland,  containing 
thirty  lots,  each  one-fourth  of  an  acre  in  area,  fronting  on  the  two  sides  of 


what  is  now  the  National  road  or  Fair  street.  In  December,  1825,  Philip 
Rosemond,  John  Gibson  and  John  Davenport,  joint  proprietors,  platted  an 
addition  containing  eleven  lots,  and  in  October,  1827,  they  platted  a  second 
addition  containing  nineteen  lots,  thus  doubling  the  town  in  area.  The  deed 
records  indicate  that  the  best  of  these  lots  usually  sold  for  sixty-five  dollars. 

"By  1828  the  National  road  had  been  completed  through  Guernsey  coun- 
ty, and  from  this  time  onward  Fairview  greatly  prospered  for  many  years, 
until  that  great  highway  was  superseded,  in  a  great  measure,  by  the  railroad 
which  passed  south  of  it  through  Barnesville.  It  was  a  division  point  in  the 
stage  traffic,  did  a  large  merchandising  business,  possessed  several  taverns, 
and,  along  in  the  fifties,  when  what  has  been  described  as  the  "county-seat 
fever"  existed,  had  an  ambition  to  become  the  county  seat  of  a  new  county 
which  was  to  be  called  Cumberland  and  should  be  made  up  of  the  eastern 
part  of  Guernsey  and  the  western  part  of  Belmont. 

"The  township  as  it  now  lies  is  hilly,  but  fertile,  much  of  the  land  being 
strong  limestone  soil,  and  the  whole  being  well  watered.  The  great  part  of 
the  township  is  underlaid  with  coal,  and  some  shallow  seams  are  worked  for 
domestic  use,  though  no  commercial  mine  has  been  attempted,  partially  for 
lack  of  railroad  transportation. 

"The  citizenship  of  the  township  has,  as  a  rule,  ever  been  of  high  order. 
From  the  beginning  churches  and  schools  have  been  provided  and  main- 
tained. Before  the  public  school  system  was  established,  about  1825,  private, 
or  'select'  schools,  where  pupils  paid  for  their  teaching,  were  maintained.  As 
early  as  1818  there  was  a  stone  church  about  where  Fletcher  church  now  is, 
and  there  was  one  at  Fairview  as  early  as  1820.  These  were  Reformed 
Presbyterian  churches,  but  in  1832  the  Methodist  Episcopal  society  established 
itself  at  Fletcher.  A  public  school  was  established  in  the  southeastern  part 
of  the  township  in  1832,  and  in  1839  another  was  located  just  southwest  of 
Fairview.  The  school  houses  of  that  day  were  log  cabins,  with  puncheon 
floors,  slab  seats  and  unglazed  windows.  At  St.  Clairsville  was  an  academy, 
to  which  children  were  sent  from  Oxford  township  for  a  better  education 
than  the  public  schools  afforded. 

"The  earliest  tax  duplicates  for  this  township  cannot  be  found  among 
the  public  records.  In  1834  there  were  in  the  entire  township,  large  as  it  then 
was  (according  to  the  tax  duplicates),  only  ten  houses  that  were  separately 
valued,  together  with  four  grist  mills  valued  at  four  hundred  and  seventy  dol- 
lars, six  saw  mills  at  five  hundred  dollars,  three  distilleries  at  one  hundred 
and  twenty-five  dollars,  and  three  tanneries  at  two  hundred  and  eighty-five 


"In  August,  1880,  what  was  called  the  Pennyroyal  Reunion  was  held 
close  to  Fairview,  and  it  was  established  as  an  annual  event  and  has  been 
kept  up.  In  the  beginning  old  men  still  living  had  been  among  the  pioneers 
and  narrated  from  their  own  experience  incidents  of  that  early  time;  but 
no  concerted  effort  to  perpetuate  their  recollections  as  a  whole  was  made. 
The  region  yields  the  pennyroyal  plant  in  abundance,  and  for  many  years 
the  oil  has  been  distilled  in  domestic  stills,  hence  the  name  Pennyroyaldom 
for  Oxford  township." 


This  village  is  on  the  east  line  of  Guernsey  county,  on  the  southwest 
quarter  of  section  2,  township  10,  range  7,  platted  by  Hugh  Gilliland,  March 
24,  18 1 4.  It  is  the  first  station  point  on  the  famous  National  pike,  as  it 
enters  Guernsey  county  from  the  east.  Many  of  the  old  time  men,  includ- 
illustrious  politicians,  have  stopped  over  night  or  for  their  meals  at  this 
place  in  the  long-ago  years.  It  has  been  a  postoffice  point  ever  since  staging 
was  known  in  the  county.  Thirty-five  years  ago  and  more  the  office  was 
kept  directly  opposite  from  where  it  is  now  kept.  It  was  then  in  the  Gil- 
breth  hotel,  on  Main  street.  The  office  now  has  an  annual  receipt  of  about 
four  hundred  and  twenty-five  dollars.  The  mail  is  received  here  twice  a  day 
each  way,  by  stage.  Among  the  latter  year  postmasters  may  be  named 
Thomas  Bond,  Dr.  James  Holt.  W.  B.  Benson,  D.  E.  Morris,  E.  E.  Bond. 

Fairview  is  among  the  incorporated  towns  of  Guernsey  county.  Since 
1839  (as  early  a  record  as  can  be  obtained)  the  mayors  have  been: 

1839— William   Robinson.  1882— V.  D.  Craig. 

1840—  William    Beymer.  1886— W.   R.   Scott. 

1844 — P.  B.  Ankney.  1887 — William  Lawrence. 

1847 — Thomas   Beaham.  1888 — Samuel  B.  Clements. 

1849 — Joseph    Evitt.  1890 — Robert  McBurney. 

1850 — Josiah  Conwell.  1892 — Samuel  W.  Colley. 

185 1 — Joel  F.   Martin.  1894 — Robert   McBurney. 

1852 — A.  Y.  Robinson.  1896 — Benjamin   Paisley. 

1854 — Alfred  Skinner.  1898 — S.  B.  Lawrence. 

i860 — William  Barton.  1903 — F.  W.  Steele. 

1863 — J.   M.   Patterson.  1905 — S.   B.   Lawrence. 

1877 — J.  S.  Umstot.  1907 — L.   L.   Young. 
1877— J.  S.  Umstott. 


The  1910  municipal  officers  are:  Mayor,  O.  G.  Sheppard;  clerk,  W.  L. 
Anderson ;  treasurer,  W.  L.  Gleaves ;  marshal,  G.  A.  Kupfer.  The  council 
is  made  up  of  these  gentlemen :  T.  K.  Peck,  T.  B.  Bratton,  John  I.  Ander- 
son. W.  K.  Byrd,  Fred  Johnson  and  W.  H.  Griffin. 

The  city  hall,  on  Main  street,  has  been  in  use  many  years.  The  only 
protection  against  the  ravages  of  the  fire-fiend  is  the  volunteer  companv  and 
a  hand-pump  service  given  by  the  citizens. 


The  commercial  interests  of  Fairview  in  1910  were  as  follows:  The 
J.  W.  Frost  Cigar  Company,  that  has  been  in  existence  about  twenty  years, 
and  which  consumes  much  of  the  native  tobacco  which  is  produced  in  quite 
large  quantities  in  the  immediate  vicinity.  The  cigar  making  industry  was 
first  started  here  by  Saltsgaver  &  Frost. 

The  coal  mining  interests  are  quite  extensive  and  are  named  in  another 
chapter  with  other  mines  in  Guernsey  county.  Among  the  most  important 
mines  in  this  section  are  the  Brown,  Riggle.  Loy,  Cowgill  and  Carnes 

There  is  also  a  good  creamery,  belonging  to  the  United  Dairy  Company. 
Other  interests  are  the  general  stores  of  E.  E.  Bond  and  W.  L.  Gleaves ; 
the  groceries  of  Dillion  and  Mrs.  Benson;  Morton  Sisters,  millinery;  livery 
bams  by  Doctor  Arnold  and  Charles  Ault;  T.  B.  Bratton,  stock  dealer,  and 
a  meat  market  conducted  by  J.  W.  Ault. 

Middleton,  on  the  National  pike,  in  Oxford  township,  was  platted  on 
the  north  half  of  section  31,  township  10.  range  7,  September  1,  1827,  by 
Benjamin  Masters.  It  has  never  been  a  place  of  much  significance,  a  mere 
post  trading  place  on  the  pike,  formerly  having  mail  facilities.  It  now  has 
two  general  stores,  J.  W.  Long  and  I.  Y.  Davis,  and  one  excellent  hotel. 

Benjamin  Masters,  just  spoken  of,  had  eighteen  children.  He  erected 
a  mill  of  the  horse  type  and  the  date  of  its  construction  was  1805,  near 
where  Middleton  now  stands.     In  1810  he  built  a  water  mill. 


1. 11:1.1;  i  v  tow x.- 

Liberty  township  was  organized  in  1820.  ninety  years  ago.  It  is  the 
second  from  the  north  and  second  from  the  western  line  of  the  county,  and 
contains  about  twenty-five  sections  of  land,  being  five  miles  square.  Wills 
creek  meanders  through  its  territory  and  through  its  beautiful  valley  runs 
the  Pennsylvania  railroad  line  (formerly  the  Cleveland  &  Marietta).  This 
is  a  good  agricultural  section  of  the  county  and  the  people  seem  both  pros- 
perous and  contented.  The  groundwork  for  this  contentment  was  possibly 
laid  in  the  labors  and  self-sacrifice  of  the  earlier  settlers,  who  felled  the  first 
trees  and  plowed  the  first  furrow  in  the  township,  long  before  the  sound  of 
the  iron  horse  had.  ever  been  heard  within  Guernsey  county.  A  record 
was  made  many  years  since  of  the  persons  who.  in  1876.  were  seventy-six 
years  of  age  or  older,  then  residing  in  the  township,  which  list  is  as  follows : 
Robert  Bell,  Henry  Matthews,  James  Boyd.  George  B.  Leeper,  Ann  Milligan. 
Elijah  Phelps,  Adam  Miller,  Thomas  Stockdale,  James  Lacham.  James  Gil- 
son,  William  De  Harte,  George  Bell,  Alexander  Robinson. 

Residents  who  lived  in  Liberty  township  away  back  in  the  sixties,  sev- 
enties and  eighties,  included  these :  Thomas  Alexander,  born  in  Guernsey 
count)'  in  181 5.  Joseph  C.  McMullen,  a  native  of  Ireland,  born  in  1793. 
emigrated  to  Ohio  when  quite  young  and  died  in  the  state  in  1865.  James 
Bell,  a  native  of  Ohio  county,  Virginia,  born  in  1776.  married  and  came  to 
Ohio  and  lived  in  Liberty  township  during  the  remainder  of  his  days.  They 
reared  five  children,  of  whom  Robert  was  prominent  in  the  history  and  de- 
velopment of  his  township.  The  Bell  farm  consisted  of  three  hundred  and 
twenty   acres   of   land   in    Liberty   township. 

R.  R.  Miller,  born  in  Canada  in  1822.  was  the  son  of  Adam  Miller, 
a  native  of  Ireland,  born  in  1795.  and  who  married  in  1821  and  came  to 
America.  He  settled  in  Guernsey  county,  first  in  Jefferson  township,  then 
in  Liberty  township,  where  he  remained  until  his  death  in  1877.  This 
couple  had  five  children.  The  Miller  family  bore  well  the  part  of  enter- 
prising, energetic  citizens. 

William  Gibson.  Sr..  the  first  settler,  immediately  after  his  marriage  in 


1794,  moved  close  to  Wheeling,  West  Virginia.  He  was  then  just  at  the 
age  of  manhood,  while  his  wife  was  three  years  his  junior  and  both  descended 
from  good  old  Pennsylvania  stock.  Six  years  later  they  resided  in  Belmont 
county.  Ohio,  and  there  remained  five  years.  In  1807  they  obtained  two 
canoes  at  Cambridge  and,  going  down  Wills  creek,  landed  where  Liberty 
township  is  now.  They  were  the  only  inhabitants  of  the  country  round 
about  and  here  they  built  a  rude  hut,  or  log  cabin,  later  a  much  better  one. 
They  continued  to  reside  there  until  he  died,  in  1849,  ar>d  the  good  wife  in 
1873.  They  were  the  parents  of  fourteen  children.  James,  one  of  their 
sons,  born  in  Belmont  county  in  1804,  married  in  1833  and  conducted  a 
hotel  in  Liberty  for  thirteen  years.  He  also  had  a  two-hundred-acre  farm  of 
well  improved  land,  and  finally  lived  a  retired  life.  John  Gibson  laid  out 
the  village  of  Liberty   (now  Kimbolton). 

Joseph  Bell  came  from  Virginia  to  Ohio  in  1807  and  settled  in  Liberty 
township.  He  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  born  in  1775.  He  died  in  Liberty 
township  in  1839  and  his  wife  followed  in  1842,  leaving  a  family  of  five 
children.  David  and  George  settled  in  Liberty  township  and  became  men 
of  enterprise  and  thrift. 

Robert  Forsythe,  born  in  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1796, 
spent  his  youth  there  and  in  1818  married  Elizabeth  Bell.  Soon  after,  with 
his  wife  and  mother,  he  came  to  Ohio,  settling  in  Liberty  township,  where 
he  remained  until  1832,  then  moved  to  Wills  township,  near  Washington 
village,  and  in  1869  went  to  Cambridge,  where  he  died  in  1873.  This  truly 
worthy  couple  had  seven  children  to  honor  their  names. 

James  Beggs,  one  of  the  sons  of  the  Emerald  isle,  and  his  wife,  Ellen 
(Miller)  Beggs,  also  a  native  of  Ireland,  emigrated  to  this  country  in  1798 
and  settled  in  Jefferson  township,  this  county,  but  soon  after  located  in 
Liberty  township,  where  he  died  in  1867.  Mrs.  Beggs  passed  away  a  short 
time  before.  Their  children  were  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Gilbert  McCully,  and 
James.  The  latter  was  born  in  Ireland  in  181 7  and  in  1841  married  Mar- 
garet Parkison,  of  this  county.  They  reared  a  large  family  of  children.  The 
old  Beggs  farm  contained  three  hundred  acres. 

Naphtali  Luccock,  a  native  of  England,  was  born  in  1797  and  in  1819 
embarked  for  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania,  in  which  city  he  engaged  in  a  com- 
mission business.  The  next  two  years  he  worked  in  a  stocking  factory  in 
Germantown  (near  Philadelphia),  and  in  1822  married  Jane  Thompson,  who 
was  born  at  Fort  Sea,  England.  They  settled  in  Wooster,  Ohio,  and  for 
three  years  he  taught  school  there.  The  next  four  years  they  lived  in  Coshoc- 
ton county,  Ohio,  and  in  183 1  finally  settled  in  Guernsey  county.     One  of 


the  sons  of  this  pioneer  was  named  Thomas,  born  in  1823,  married  in  1848. 
He  served  as  representative  from  this  county  in  the  Ohio  Legislature  from 
1875  to  1879.  He  owned  twelve  hundred  acres  of  land  in  this  county,  was 
an  extensive  agriculturist  and  conducted  a  general  store  in  Liberty  town- 


Kimbolton  (formerly  Liberty)  is  within  this  township,  (situated  on 
section  23,  in  the  northern  tier  of  sections  of  the  township.  It  was  platted 
by  William  and  John  Gibson,  August  2,  1828.  When  incorporated,  Novem- 
ber 5,  1884,  it  was  named  in  the  articles  as  Kimbolton.  Its  name  is  after 
a  place  like-named  in  England.  It  was  the  birthplace  in  England  of  Naph- 
tali  Luccock,  the  first  postmaster,  hence  he  called  this  place  after  it,  when  the 
postoffice  was  to  be  named,  about  sixty  or  more  years  ago.  Among  the  post- 
masters and  postmistresses  who  have  served  here  are :  Naphtali  Luccock, 
Miss  Anne  DeHart,  J.  L.  Davis,  W.  H.  Ludley,  S.  D.  Ross,  O.  J.  Berry, 
Mrs.  Ida  A.  Berry.  From  this  postoffice  there  are  four  rural  routes,  ex- 
tending out  about  twenty-five  miles  each.  The  first  was  established  about 
1903.  The  mail  at  an  early  date  was  carried  to  and  from  here  on  horseback 
twice  each  week.     There  are  now  two  daily  mails  each  way,  by  rail. 

A  city  hall  was  provided  in  1907.  The  only  fire  of  importance  in  the 
place  was  when  the  mill  burned  in  1909,  entailing  a  loss  of  about  five  thou- 
sand dollars.  The  present  council  and  officers  are :  William  H.  Gibson, 
John  A.  Chambers,  E.  E.  McKim,  Lafayette  Miller,  Thomas  Morris,  B.  D. 
Bumgardner,  council ;  M.  V.  McKim,  mayor ;  O.  J.  Berry,  clerk ;  C.  F. 
Rhodes,  treasurer.     The  present  marshal  is  F.  M.  Fowler. 

The  business  interests  of  the  place  are :  Two  general  stores,  A.  Ledlie  & 
Son,  S.  A.  Clark;  grocery,  L.  J.  VanSickle;  livery.  R.  R.  Warden;  hotel, 
Central  House,  by  R.  R.  Warden ;  steam  flouring  mill,  by  M.  T.  Kennedy. 

The  churches  (see  Church  chapter)  are  the  United  Presbyterian  and 
Methodist  Episcopal. 

The  present  physicians  are  Drs.  D.  L.  Cowden  and  William  Lawyer. 




Richland  is  on  the  south  line  of  the  county  and  the  second  from  the  east- 
ern border  line  on  the  east.  It  is  irregular  in  shape,  containing  about  twenty- 
seven  sections  of  land.  The  main  line  of  the  great  Baltimore  &  Ohio  rail- 
way system  passes  through  the  extreme  northern  portion  of  this  sub-division 
of  the  county,  with  its  Cumberland  branch  traversing  the  township  from  north 
to  south,  passing  into  Valley  township  on  section  3.  Richland  township  was 
organized  July  18,  1810,  the  first  election  being  held  on  that  date,  at  the  house 
of  Samuel  Leath,  when  township  officers  were  duly  elected. 


Perhaps  no  better  insight  into  who  were  among  the  vanguard  of  pioneers 
in  this  part  of  Guernsey  county  can  be  obtained  than  to  publish  the  names  of 
those  over  seventy-six  years  of  age  residing  in  the  township  in  1876,  the 
same  having  been  compiled  for  a  centennial  history  of  the  township:  Mrs. 
Payne,  Mary  Halley,  George  Gooderl,  Robert  Dilley,  Ann  Thomas,  Mary 
Morrison,  Mrs.  George  Gooderl,  John  Dollison,  Mrs.  Hull,  Mrs.  Stiers. 
Mary  A.  Foreacre,  Mrs.  John  Squib,  Mrs.  Samuel  Lent,  Jacob  Shafer,  Susan 
Shroyer,  Elizabeth  Alexander.  John  Frame,  Henry  Ledman,  Mrs.  A.  Laugh- 
lin, Mrs.  Bennett,  Eleanor  Medley,  James  Buchanan,  John  Potts,  Almira  Mc- 
Clary,  James  Hartup,  Benjamin  Winnett,  John  Winnett,  Laban  La  Rue,  Wil- 
liam G.  Keil,  Samuel  Gibson,  James  Miller,  Mary  Baldridge,  John  Mosier, 
John  Squib,  Samuel  Lent,  Thomas  Hunt,  James  Stranathan,  Nancy  Arndt, 
Mrs.  F.  Goodern,  Elizabeth  Oliver,  William  Potts,  Lydia  Clark,  Lucinda 
Dollison,  Margaret  Lowry,  Catherine  Ledman,  Henry  Popham,  John  Laugh- 
lin,  James  R.  Boyd,  Tamer  Gooden,  Tressa  Jones,  Lydia  Lowry,  Scott  Emer- 
son, Mary  Jackman,  Raphiel  Stiers,  Lucretia  Buchanan.  Ebenezer  Harper. 
Jeremiah  Sargent  and  Margaret  La  Rue. 

John  Laughlin,  father  of  Alexander  Laughlin,  was  born  in  Fayette 
county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1777.  He  married  in  his  native  state  and  in  1808 
started  for  the  West,  locating  in  Richland  township,  Guernsey  county,  Ohio. 
In  1 8 18,  he  removed  to  Centre  township,  where  he  died  in  1851. 

GUERNSEY    COUNTY,   i.  307 

Samuel  M.  Dilley,  son  of  Robert  Dilley.  was  horn  in  New  Jersey  in  1794 
and  in  [816  lie.  with  a  brother,  came  to  Ohio,  settling  in  Senecaville.  Guern- 
sey county — at  least  near  where  the  town  now  stands. 

James  Gibson,  a  native  of  Ireland,  born  in  1806,  came  with  his  parents 
to  the  point  that  is  now  known  as  Gibson  station  in  Richland  township.  He 
lived  on  the  old  homestead  until  his  death,  in  i860.  He  was  both  a  farmer 
and  merchant  and  his  landed  estate  consisted  of  between  five  and  six  hundred 

John  Frame  came  with  his  parents  from  Wills  township,  settling  in  Rich- 
land township  in  1830. 

George  Gooderl,  a  native  of  Chester  county,  Pennsylvania,  coming  to 
Ohio  in  181 7,  resided  seven  years  in  Belmont  county  and  then  located  in  Rich- 
land township,  this  county.     He  died  here  in  1880. 

Richland  township  was  settled  up  by  the  above  named  persons  and  fam- 
ilies and  what  was  once  a  howling  wilderness  has  come  to  be  one  of  the  rich- 
est sections  in  Guernsey  county.  The  present  people  of  the  township  are 
happy,  contented  and  generally  very  prosperous. 


The  only  village  plattings  of  Richland  township  are  Senecaville,  a  portion 
of  Lore  City  and  New  Gottengen. 

Lore  City  was  platted  June  8,  1903,  in  both  Centre  and  Richland  town- 
ships, on  Leatherwood  creek.  Hence  it  has  made  but  little  history.  A  post- 
ofHce  by  this  name  has  been  in  existence  since  a  very  early  date.  It  is  now  a 
fourth-class  office,  the  postmaster  furnishing  his  own  building,  light  and  fuel. 
At  one  time  the  office  was  held  in  the  depot.  For  the  past  thirty  years  the 
postmasters  have  been  as  follows  and  in  the  order  here  enumerated:  Jacob 
Younger,  Joseph  Arnold,  Albert  Morris,  Aaron  Luzater,  Will  Cale.  Aaron 
Luzater.  Will  Cale,  William  Arndt  and  Harry  Ferguson. 

There  are  three  rural  mail  routes  running  out  from  this  postoffice,  the 
first  of  which  was  established  March  1,  1905.  During  the  past  year  this  office 
has  been  broken  into  three  times,  but  no  loss  of  money  in  any  one  of  the  cases. 
The  annual  report  of  the  office,  June  30,  1909,  showed  yearly  receipts  of  one 
thousand  five  hundred  dollars.     There  are  now  eight  mails  daily. 

Lore  City  was  incorporated  in  1906  and  the  town  officers  have  been  but 
few,  the  present  mayor,  Roland  Potts,  having  served  two  consecutive  terms. 
The  present  officers  are:  Roland  Potts,  mayor:  Cale  Cross,  clerk:  \Y.  H. 
Ferren,  treasurer:  C.   F.   Milligan,  marshal.     The  council  is  composed  of: 


Rufus  Totten,  F.  E.  Bird,  William  P.  Lowry,  Watt  Dugan,  James  McMahon 
and  O.  D.  Chester. 

The  town  is  without  water-works  or  fire  protection.  The  churches,  a 
history  of  which  appears  in  the  church  chapter,  are  the  Methodist  and  Presby- 
terian denominations.  There  is  a  prosperous  lodge  of  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows,  mentioned  in  the  history  of  civic  societies. 

The  1910  business  interests  of  Lore  City  are  conducted  by  the  following- 
firms  :  Agricultural  implements,  John  Bond ;  general  dealers,  Lou  Longstreth, 
Andy  Chegogg;  furniture,  Lou  Chegogg;  groceries  (exclusive),  William  Fer- 
ren;  millinery,  Mrs.  Oldham;  livery  barn,  John  Bond;  drug  store,  Doctor 
Arndt.     The  physicians  of  the  place  are  Drs.  F.  E.  Bird  and  H.  W.  Arndt. 

Lore  City  is  situated  on  the  main  line  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad 
and  is  a  sprightly  town  for  its  size  and  age. 


Senecaville  is  the  largest  place  within  Richland  township.  It  is  situated 
on  sections  21  and  22,  in  the  southern  part  of  the  township.  This  town  was 
platted  on  the  banks  of  Seneca  creek,  by  David  Satterthwaite,  July  18,  1815 — 
hence  has  a.  history  running  back  almost  a  century.  It  is  situated  on  the  line 
of  the  Cumberland  branch  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad  and  is  within  the 
rich  coal  mining  belt  of  Guernsey  county.  The  name  has  been  a  familiar  and 
household  word  for  three  generations,  including  the  pioneer  band.  The  post- 
office  has  been  kept  in  its  present  location  since  1893.  It  appears  that  not 
many  have  held  the  postoffice  at  this  point,  as  will  be  observed  by  the  follow- 
ing list  of  postmasters  and  the  Presidents  under  whom  they  have  been  com- 
missioned :  J.  M.  Rainey,  under  President  James  Buchanan ;  D.  M.  Bryan — 
the  "War  Postmaster" — under  Lincoln;  Wilson  Scott;  J.  C.  Rose;  H.  F. 
Gordon,  under  Grover  Cleveland;  N.  Le  Page,  under  Benjamin  Harrison; 
H.  F.  Gordon,  under  Cleveland  the  second  time;  N.  Le  Page,  under  William 
McKinley  and  Theodore  Roosevelt;  G.  S.  Kaho,  under  Roosevelt  and  he  is 
the  present  postmaster. 

One  rural  route  extends  out  over  a  distance  of  twenty-four  miles  from 
Senecaville  and  was  established  July  1,  1903.  The  annual  receipts  from  this 
office  at  last  report  was  one  thousand  and  twenty-one  dollars  and  seventy- 
four  cents.  There  are  three  mails  at  this  office  daily,  one  in  and  two  out. 
The  first  mail  that  reached  Senecaville  was  carried  on  horseback  from  Wheel- 
ing.    H.  F.  Gordon  is  the  present  assistant  postmaster. 



Senecaville  is  incorporated  and  its  present  officers  are:  Mayor,  J.  S. 
Moorehead;  clerk,  H.  M.  Beenier;  treasurer,  G.  F.  Pollock;  councilmen. 
S.  H.  Moorehead.  J.  L.  Dilley.  John  Stevens,  J.  T.  Day.  J.  R.  Davidson;  city 
marshal,  Frank  Morrison. 

The  churches  of  Senecaville  are  the  Methodist,  Presbyterian,  Wesleyan, 
and  Free  Methodist. 

The  lodges  here  represented  are  Odd  Fellows,  Master  Mechanics  and 
Knights  of  Pythias. 


Today  the  business  interests  of  Senecaville  are  in  the  hands  of  the  fol- 
lowing persons:  Physicians.  Dr.  C.  Bates  and  Dr.  R.  H.  Geary :  dentist,  H. 
M.  Shafer;  grist  mill;  one  hank,  the  First  National;  the  general  stores  are 
conducted  by  John  Keller  and  the  Morris  Coal  Company;  furniture,  Thomas 
Morrison;  grocery,  J.  M.  Rainey ;  hardware.  Brown  and  Lepage;  hotel,  Mrs. 
Brown;  millinery,  Mrs.  E.  D.  Fell  and  Clara  Dilley;  milling,  Campbell  Broth- 
ers; livery  bams,  John  Connor.  F.  H.  Campbell;  planing  mill,  with  lumber 
yard,  Charles  Spaid ;  meat  market,  Thomas  Morrison.  The  only  drug  store  in 
the  place  was  owned  by  I.  K.  Hill,  who  died  in  October,  1910,  but  it  will  soon 
be  reopened.  Natural  gas  is  piped  in  from  West  Virginia,  by  the  Ohio  Light 
and  Fuel  Company. 

Robert  Thompson,  in  1895.  §ave  tne  following  account  of  this  township: 
He  was  born  in  Fayette  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1808  and  moved  with  his 
parents  to  Senecaville  in  181 1,  when  there  were  but  three  log  cabins.  David 
Satterthwaite  and  'William  Thompson  were  the  earliest  settlers  in  that  section. 
Ephraim  Dilty  also  came  about  that  date.  James  Richardson  was  proprietor 
of  the  first  tavern.  The  first  church  in  Senecaville  was  the  Presbyterian.  The 
first  store  stood  on  ground  later  occupied  by  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

The  same  writer  in  1886  wrote  for  the  local  press:  Senecaville  was  laid 
out  in  1814  or  1815.  There  were  salt  springs  on  the  edge  of  the  creek  near 
the  Greenwood  bridge,  from  which  brother  William  boiled  salt  at  a  furnace 
containing  about  thirty-six  kettles.  It  is  doubted  whether  there  were  any 
other  salt  works  this  side  of  the  Ohio  river.  People  came  a  long  ways  to  pro- 
cure it  and  paid  three  dollars  a  bushel  for  the  same. 

Many  rough  characters  were  about  here  then  and  a  favorite  sport  election 
days  was  to  get  drunk  and  then  fight  until  one  side  said  "Enough." 


Coffee  was  then  fifty  cents  a  pound  and  it  was  only  used  when  the 
preacher  came.  A  pound  might  last  six  months.  Pork  was  worth  one  dol- 
lar and  a  quarter  a  hundredweight  and  calico  from  twenty-five  to  thirty-seven 
and  a  half  cents  a  yard. 

As  there  was  no  communication  by  rail,  the  produce  collected  was  taken 
to  Baltimore  in  huge  covered  wagons  drawn  by  six  horses.  The  journey 
took  about  three  weeks  each  way. 

Senecaville  was  named  from  Seneca  creek  and  that  was  named  from  the 
springs  of  coal  oil  which  oozed  forth  on  the  waters.  Seneca  oil  was  so  named 
from  the  Seneca  Indian  tribe  in  New  York  and  Pennsylvania,  who  many  ages 
ago  used  this  oil  for  its  medicinal  qualities.  Later,  it  developed  to  be  what  we 
now  so  well  know  as  petroleum. 


Mir.T.woon  township. 

The  southeastern  township  in  Guernsey  county  is  known  as  Millwood  and 
it  was  organized  about  1834.  ft  contains  twenty-four  sections  of  land  and  is 
four  miles  north  and  south  by  six  east  and  west.  It  is  rich  in  agricultural 
and  mineral  resources.  The  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad  passes  through  this 
township  on  its  east  and  west  course,  with  three  station  points,  which  are 
described  later  in  this  article.  There  are  many  small  streams  running  through 
the  territory  now  being  described  as  Millwood  township.  The  township  is 
bounded  on  the  north  by  Oxford  township,  on  the  east  by  Belmont  county,  on 
the  south  by  Noble  county  and  on  the  west  by  Wills  township.  It  is  a  well 
developed  section  of  Guernsey  county  and  was  settled  by  a  class  of  industrious, 
enterprising  and  religious  people  who  have  certainly  left  their  imprint  on  the 
present  dwellers  of  the  southeastern  portion  of  Guernsey  county. 

No  better  record  of  its  first  settlement  can  now  be  given  than  to  name 
the  aged  persons — those  exceeding  seventy-six  years  of  age — who  were  living 
within  its  borders  in  1876.  These  names  include  men  and  women  who  were 
the  first  settlers  and  who  were  the  parents  and  grandparents  of  many  of  the 
present  population  and  will  recall  to  the  citizens  of  the  township  many  a  scene 
of  early  days  in  Millwood  and  Quaker  City.  This  list  is  as  follows:  Mary 
Hall,  Henry  Hall.  John  D.  Hall,  Noah  Hartley.  Sarah  Hartley,  Michael 
Creighton,  Samuel  Ruth,  Isaac  Spencer,  William  Rose,  James  R.  Johnson. 
Priscilla  Johnson.  George  Emerson,  Hannah  Hague.  Jesse  Coles,  Washington 
Clary,  Nathan"  Hall,  George  Falmer,  Thomas  Mills,  Elizabeth  Mills.  Josiah 
Outland.  Francis  Linn.  William  Crouse,  James  Fillett,  Jacob  S.  Brill,  Albina 
Say  re.  John  Rimer.  Isaac  Webster,  James  Hart,  Mary  Wolfonl,  William 
Hyde,  Joseph  Dunlap,  Elizabeth  Brill,  John  Hague,  James  Whitcraft.  John 
Stotts,  George  F.  Fox,  Ann  F.  Harvey.  Susannah  Arnold.  Michael  Aubmire, 
Sarah  Perego,  Clarissa  Shuman.  John  Shuman.  Samuel  Carter,  John  Addison, 
C.  McCormick  and  Hannah  Scott. 

The  Hartley  family  deserves  special  mention  in  this  connection.  Wil- 
liam P..  the  eldest,  was  born  in  Berks  county.  Pennsylvania,  in  1786  and  when 
he  reached  manhood  he  moved  to  Warren  county.  Xew  Jersey,  and  there 
f.  .11.  .wed  school  teaching  for  thirty  years.     He  married,  in  1817,  a  daughter 


of  Jonas  Parke  and  in  1837  they  moved  to  Guernsey  county,  Ohio.  They  had 
eight  children.  James,  their  eighth  child,  was  first  lieutenant  in  the  One  Hun- 
dred and  Twenty-second  Regiment  and  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Cold  Har- 
bor. William  P.  Hartley,  Jr.,  was  born  in  New  Jersey  in  182 1  and  lived 
nearly  all  of  his  days  in  this  township.  He  was  sheriff  of  Guernsey  county 
in  the  seventies,  was  a  Democrat  and  in  church  affiliations  was  of  the  Chris- 
tian faith.  The  Hartleys  are  still  numerous  and  influential  in  these  parts  of 

Of  the  Hall  family,  it  may  be  said  that  Isaac  Hall  was  the  second  son 
of  John  Hall,  who  came  from  North  Carolina  in  1805,  and  purchased  a  tract 
of  land  near  where  now  stands  the  village  of  Quaker  City.  He  married  in 
1807  and  they  were  the  parents  of  eight  children,  of  whom  Isaac  \V.  was  one. 
He  was  born  in  1810  and  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  his  county.  In 
1839  he  engaged  in  mercantile  business  at  Quaker  City,  then  styled  Millwood. 
He  married  three  times  and  was  the  father  of  three  children,  two  of  whom 
matured.  Mr.  Hall  was  the  originator  of  the  National  Bank  at  Quaker  City. 
In  religion  he  was  a  Friend  and  in  politics  a  Republican. 

John  P.  Hall,  another  son  of  the  old  pioneer  John  Hall,  was  born  and 
brought  up  to  farm  labor  in  the  old-fashioned  way  of  bringing  up  children. 
In  1 84 1  he  married  in  Belmont  county  and  raised  a  family.  In  1880  he  owned 
a  fine  farm  of  about  three  hundred  acres  in  Millwood  township. 

Of  this  numerous  Hall  family,  there  were,  Eli,  John  D.,  Cyrus,  Amos  and 
other  prominent  members,  who  made  each  a  distinct  history  here  for  them- 

John  Smith,  son  of  William  and  Elizabeth  Smith,  of  Yorkshire,  England, 
where  he  was  born  in  1814,  when  an  infant  came  to  this  country.  His  father 
was  a  mason  and  worked  on  the  Capitol  at  Washington.  The  family  con- 
sisted of  seven  children.  John  was  reared  on  a  farm  and  in  1840  married 
Margaret  Temple,  who  became  the  mother  of  eleven  children.  Mr.  Smith 
was  a  Democrat  in  politics  and  in  religious  belief  of  the  United  Presbyterian 
church  faith.     His  homestead  was  two  and  a  half  miles  north  of  Quaker  City. 

James  White  and  John  R.  Hunt,  as  well  as  Hugh  Keenan,  were  settlers 
of  Millwood  township  at  an  early  time. 

The  Cowden  family  were  also  representative  citizens  here.  W.  N.  Cow- 
den  was  the  only  son  of  David  Cowden,  who  came  to  America  with  his  father, 
William  Cowden,  from  Ireland  in  181  o.  David  upon  his  arrival  purchased 
a  tract  of  land  a  mile  and  a  half  northeast  of  Quaker  City,  and  in  1835  mar' 
ried  Margery  Kennon,  sister  of  Judge  William  Kennon,  of  Belmont  county. 
Among:  the  children  born  of  this  union  was  William  Newell  Cowden,  who 


entered  Muskingum  College.  He  was,  in  1882,  largely  interested  in  sheep 
raising  and  wool  producing.  He  owned  over  five  hundred  acres  of  land  in 
Millwood  township  and  for  several  years  was  president  of  the  Quaker  City 
Fair  Association  and  vice-president  of  the  Quaker  City  National  Bank.  He 
was  an  elder  in  the  United  Presbyterian  church  and  a  very  pronounced  Demo- 
crat in  his  politics. 

Thomas  McFarland,  another  one  of  the  quite  early  settlers  in  Millwood 
township,  came  from  Ireland  with  the  father's  family  in  1835.  He  resided 
at  various  places  until  after  his  marriage,  when  he  settled  here.  He  married 
Mary  Ann  Graham  in  1840  and  reared  a  family. 

Jesse  Doudna,  eldest  son  of  Noas  and  Hannah  (Webster)  Doudna,  was 
born  in  1808.  in  Belmont  county,  Ohio.  He  purchased  a  six-hundred-acre 
tract  of  land.  In  [862  he  married  Rachel  L.  Benson,  who  was  born  in  Mary- 
land in  1827.  Mrs.  Rachel  (Lancaster)  Benson  was  the  daughter  of  Jesse 
and  Mary  Lancaster,  of  England,  a  minister  to  the  Society  of  Friends,  after 
whom  Lancaster,  Pennsylvania,  was  named.  Jesse  Doudna  died  at  Spencer 
Station.     He  was  an  extensive  farmer  and  stock  raiser. 

John  Doudna,  another  son  of  Noas  Doudna,  above  mentioned,  became 
a  well-to-do  farmer  of  Millwood  township. 

Robert  McCormick,  son  of  Robert  and  Catherine  (Brill)  McCormick, 
of  Tyrone,  Ireland,  became  prominent  here.  His  father  landed  in  Phila- 
delphia in  1800  and  clerked  in  a  store  five  years.  In  1805  he  moved  to  Somer- 
set, Pennsylvania,  and  there  taught  in  the  district  schools.  He  married  and 
reared  a  large  family  of  children.  He  came  to  Guernsey  county  in  1815.  and 
bought  land  here  and  farmed  during  the  summer  seasons,  teaching  school  in 
the  winter.  Robert,  Jr.,  was  brought  up  on  his  father's  farm  and  educated  in 
the  common  schools.  He  married  Sarah  Brill,  by  whom  several  children  were 
born.     He  became  a  large  land  owner  in  this  township. 


To  speak  more  specifically  of  Mr.  Hall,  the  first  settler  in  this  now  well 
developed  township,  it  may  be  stated  that  he  came  from  North  Carolina  in 
1805,  with  his  father's  family,  and  located  three  miles  west  of  Barnesville. 
On  August  4,  1806,  having  reached  his  majority,  he  took  up  the  grubs  on  a 
tract  of  land  preparatory  to  erecting  a  cabin,  on  the  northwest  quarter  of 
section  13,  in  what  is  now  Millwood  township.  He  spent  the  first  night  by 
the  root  of  a  white  oak  tree,  near  his  building  site.  He  erected  a  scaffold  near 
by,  on  which  he  kept  his  provisions  and  cooking  utensils,  which  consisted  of  a 


knife  and  fork,  a  pewter  plate,  one  spoon,  a  pot  and  skillet.  He  also  had 
some  salt  and  pepper,  a  flitch  of  bacon,  a  loaf  of  bread  and  a  sack  of  corn  meal. 
He  had  a  tray  that  was  of  an  oblong  shape,  about  twenty  inches  cross  the 
smallest  way,  made  out  of  the  half  of  a  buckeye  log  split  in  two,  that  answered 
to  lay  provisions  in,  and  was  covered  for  safe  keeping.  The  balance  of  his 
provisions  were  made  up  of  game,  killed  as  needed,  which  could  be  had  in 
abundance  at  almost  any  time.  Sometimes  he  slept  on  a  scaffold  under  the 
sturdy  boughs  of  an  oak.  His  nearest  neighbor  was  John  Reed,  to  the  east, 
who  lived  by  the  old  high  trestle  on  the  Central  Ohio  railroad  of  later  years. 
His  next  nearest  neighbor  was  Joseph  Williams,  five  miles  westward  down 
the  Leatherwood  valley. 

The  land  office,  then  at  Steubenville,  included  in  its  sales  the  lands  of  this 
township.  John  Webster  and  family  came  on  August  10,  1806,  and  entered 
ten  half  sections  of  land, — Congress  lands. — being  eighty  acres  for  each  of 
his  ten  children.  The  present  Baltimore  &  Ohio  road  runs  precisely  along 
where  Webster's  double  log  house  stood. 

In  the  summer  of  1807.  John  and  William  Webster  built  a  mill  on 
Leatherwood  creek,  above  the  present  Quaker  City  depot  grounds.  John 
Webster  died  in  eighteen  months  after  his  settlement,  aged  fifty-seven  years. 

A  certain  species  of  wild  nettle  grew  in  great  abundance  about  this  local- 
ity, and  at  an  early  day  from  it  was  spun  material  that  took  the  place  of  linen 
threads  and  with  this  a  fabric  was  woven  and  finally  made  into  clothing. 

The  first  settlers  near  Quaker  City  were  from  Pennsylvania,  North  Caro- 
lina, New  Jersey  and  Maryland,  and  were  Friends,  or  so-called  Quakers.  In 
181 1  there  were  of  this  class  fifty-nine  persons.  The  Friends'  first  meeting 
house  was  erected  in  about  1812.  Services  were  at  first  held  at  private  houses, 
but  the  church  later  built  stood  on  the  hill  east  of  Quaker  City.  William  Mott, 
in  1 82 1,  taught  school  there. 


Jesse  Cole,  of  Millwood  township,  has  a  reputation  in  his  community, 
that  should,  in  honor  to  the  old  gentleman,  be  extended  beyond  the  bounds  of 
Millwood  township.  He  was  born  near  Reading,  Pennsylvania,  and  is  in  his 
eighty-fourth  year.  He  claims  that  he  has  yet  sixteen  more  years  to  live,  as 
it  is  his  intention  not  to  shuffle  off  this  mortal  coil  until  he  reaches  the  even 
one  hundred.  Mr.  Cole  settled  in  Millwood  township  in  1823.  In  due  time 
he  was  married  and  raised  a  large  family  of  boys  and  girls.  After  the  death 
of  his  first  wife,  he  removed  to  the  neighborhood  of  Sarahsville,  Noble  county, 


where  lie  built  a  cabin  and  kept  bachelor's  hall.  This  was  necessary  because 
his  children  had  all  married  and  had  homes  of  their  own.  While  there  he 
got  along  very  well,  until  he  was  taken  with  a  bad  spell  of  sickness.  It  would 
have  gone  hard  with  him,  he  says,  Were  it  not  for  an  excellent  old  maid  who 
lived  within  "hollerin'  "  distance  of  his  cabin.  This  kindhearted  creature 
took  the  best  care  of  the  widower,  and  finally  brought  him  through  all  right. 
During  the  worst  of  his  sickness  he  thought  his  time  had  come,  and  that  the 
right  thing  to  do  was  to  prepare  himself  for  burial.  To  this  end,  he  got  the 
old  maid  to  prepare  his  shroud  and  hang  it  away  in  a  convenient  place,  and  on 
his  recovery  he  tenderly  cared  for  it,  and  when  he  married  his  second  and 
present  wife,  he  handed  the  garment  over  to  her  for  safe-keeping.  About  eight 
years  ago,  he  made  further  preparation  for  his  last  journey  on  earth.  While 
in  a  good  state  of  health,  he  went  to  Quaker  City,  and  gave  orders  to  one  of  its 
citizens  to  take  his  measure  for  a  plain  but  substantial  walnut  coffin,  to  be 
ready  at  a  certain  date.  At  the  appointed  time,  in  company  with  a  son,  he  took 
the  coffin  home  on  a  sled.  On  its  arrival,  it  was  carefully  raised  to  the  loft  of 
the  loom  house,  where  it  now  sets  safely,  beyond  the  gaze  of  the  curious,  pa- 
tiently awaiting  the  time  when  its  owner  will  be  laid  therein  for  an  eternal 
rest.  An  evilly  disposed  person  some  time  since  circulated  the  report  that  the 
family  had  made  kindling  wood  of  the  coffin,  and  also  that  it  was  a  receptacle 
for  dried  apples,  but  we  are  glad  to  be  in  a  position  to  state  positively  that  there 
is  not  a  vestige  of  truth  in  either  rumor.  May  the  years  be  many  and  happy 
before  the  old  gentleman  shall  need  either  the  coffin  or  the  shroud. — Jefferson- 
ian,  August  20,  1885. 


Millwood  township  has  had  several  village  plattings.  including  old  Mill- 
wood (now  Quaker  City),  Spencer's  Station  and  Salesville.  The  first  village 
platted  was  Millwood,  by  Jonah  Smith,  on  section  20,  township  9,  range  7, 
in  what  was  then  styled  Beaver  township.  The  date  of  filing  this  plat  was 
February  18,  1835.  It  retained  this  name  many  years,  but  before  it  was  in- 
corporated, in  1 87 1,  it  was  changed  to  Quaker  City,  it  being  in  the  midst  of  a 
very  large  and  thrifty  settlement  of  Friends  (Quakers). 

Salesville  was  platted  in  1835  by  George  Brill,  on  section  32,  township 
9,  range  7.  It  was  on  the  "Clay  Pike,"  as  then  known.  It  was  incorporated 
in  1878.  as  a  village. 

Spencer's  Station  was  platted  in  1892,  as  a  railroad  station.  Being  near 
Quaker  City,  it  has  never  grown  to  much  extent. 

Of  Salesville,  it  may  be  stated  that  the  settlement  at  that  place  was  begun 


in  1806 — one  hundred  and  four  years  ago.  The  pioneers  there  were  for  the 
most  part  from  the  states  of  Virginia  and  Pennsylvania,  with  now  and  then  a 
family  from  the  Old  World.  The  lands  in  this  section  of  Guernsey  county 
were  found  to  be  of  great  richness  and  fertility.  Through  them  flowed  the 
waters  of  the  Leatherwood  creek,  skirted  by  wide,  beautiful  bottom  lands. 
The  waters  of  this  and  other  streams  flowed  with  enough  fall  to  furnish  an 
abundant  power  for  water  mills  and  factories.  Springs  of  water  gushed  out 
from  hillsides  here  and  there,  all  of  which  made  the  surroundings  attractive 
to  the  home-seeker  of  that  long-ago  day.  Prominent  among  the  first  settlers 
may  be  now  recalled  the  Brills,  Pulleys,  Frames,  Williams  and  kindred.  The 
religious  sentiment  was  here  divided  among  many  creeds  and  church  polities. 
But  all  had  a  deep  religious  feeling  and  all  wanted  a  place  in  which  to  worship 
the  true  and  living  God,  hence  agreed  to  erect  a  large  log  meeting-house,  which 
was  accomplished  and  designated  as  the  "Temple,"  by  which  it  was  always 
known.  Here,  in  1816,  when  this  house  was  erected,  of  hewed  logs  on  the 
hill  overlooking  the  present  village  of  Salesville,  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the 
banks  of  the  Leatherwood  creek,  settlers  met  regularly  to  worship,  in  their 
own  chosen  method.  This  was  the  beginning  of  church  life  and  activity  in 
this  part  of  Guernsey  county.  Some  were  Methodists,  some  United  Brethren 
and  other  denominations  were  well  represented. 


Today  (October,  1910)  this  place  has  a  population  of  about  two  hun- 
dred and  fifty.  The  postoffke  was  at  first  held  in  the  depot,  since  which  time 
it  has  been  on  the  move.  It  has,  however,  been  at  the  present  location,  in 
the  store  of  S.  C.  VanKirk,  for  ten  years.  Three  rural  routes  run  from  this 
postoffice,  averaging  twenty-four  miles  each.  The  annual  office  receipts 
are  seven  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  at  this  time.  Five  mails  are  daily  re- 
ceived here.  In  an  early  date  of  this  office  mails  came  by  stage  lines,  on 
the  old  pike.  As  far  back  as  the  memory  of  the  oldest  residents  can  reach 
the  following  have  served  as  postmasters,  in  their  order:  Louis  Turnip- 
seed,  thirty  to  forty  years  ago;  W.  R.  Gardner,  G.  H.  Bates,  Thomas  Dur- 
bin,  M.  R.  Perry,  George  W.  Brill,  S.  C.  VanKirk. 

The  history  of  the  Salesville  municipal  incorporation  dates  back  to 
1878  and  is  classed  as  a  village.  The  mayors  have  included  these:  Louis 
Tu'rnipseed,  W.  A.  White,  J.  A.  Perry,  Jasper  Dollison,  W.  H.  Long,  Sumpter 
Long,  R.  D.  St.  Clair. 

The  present  village  officers  are:  Mayor,  R.  D.  St.  Clair:  clerk,  John 
G.  Stoneburner:  treasurer,  S.  C.  Van  Kirk;  marshal,  W.  E.  Ankrum. 


There  is  no  organized  fire  department,  but  a  hand  pump  is  kept  in  readi- 
ness for  emergencies.  The  churches  of  Salesville  are  the  United  Brethren 
and  Methodist  Episcopal. 


Agricultural  Implements  and  Hardware — B.  H.  Runyan. 

Boarding  House — Mrs.  Otie  Tillett. 

Hotel — Central   Hotel,   Mrs.   M.   Mendenhall. 

General  Dealers — Sol.   Rimer,   Stoneburner  &  Dillon,   E.   E.   Atkinson. 

Grain  Dealer — S.  C.  VanKirk. 

Liven- — Jacob  Linton. 

Millinery — Miss  Mary  St.  Clair. 

Physician— Dr.  W.  A.  White. 


Quaker  City,  originally  Millwood,  was  incorporated  in  1836  as  Mill- 
wood, and  as  Quaker  City  between  1864  and  1870.  It  now  has  a  population 
of  approximately  one  thousand.  The  postoffice  being  established,  and  then 
the  name  changed  to  Quaker  City,  has  since  made  the  place  better  known 
to  the  world.  The  postoffice  has  been  in  its  present  location  since  1890, 
before  which  date  for  many  years  it  was  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  street, 
just  before  that  date  in  the  B.  J.  Johnson  building,  and  still  earlier  in  the  old 
Lochary  building.  There  are  six  rural  routes  extending  out  from  this 
postoffice,  all  of  which  are  over  twenty-four  miles  long.  There  are  seven 
mails  daily  now  at  this  office.  The  record  of  postmasters  is  not  fairly  clear, 
but  it  is  known  that  the  following  have  held  the  position  in  about  the  order 
given  here :  Patrick  Lochary-,  Millard  Marsh,  A.  H.  Hamilton.  H.  B.  Cox, 
J.  M.  Gallagher  and  W.  W.  Dowdell. 

The  city  is  protected  fairly  well  from  fires  by  a  volunteer  fire  company 
and  a  hand  apparatus  consisting  of  wagon,  hand-cart,  three  pumps,  etc. 
Natural  gas  is  used  here,  the  same  being  pumped  in  from  Noble  county 
from  the  Dudley  field.  The  surrounding  country  is  devoted  largely  to  sheep 
raising.  The  schools  of  the  place  are  a  high  and  grammar  school,  mentioned 
in  the  educational  chapter  of  this  volume. 

The  only  newspaper  at  Quaker  City  is  the  Independent,  established  in 
1875  by  J.  D.  Olmstead  &  Sons.  The  present  proprietors  are  J.  W.  and 
A.  B.  Hill,  who  took  charge  in  1882  and  have  never  missed  an  issue  since  that 


year.     Job  work,  advertising  calendars  and  novelties  are  special  features  of 
this   office. 

The  lodges  of  the  town  are  the  Masons,  Odd  Fellows  and  Knights  of 
Pythias.  The  churches  here  worshiping  are  the  Christian,  Methodist  Episco- 
pal  and   Friends. 

The  mayors  who  have  served  here  are  inclusive  of  the  following :  1871- 
72,  J.  C.  Steele;  1872-74,  George  W.  Arnold;  1874-1885,  J.  B.  Lydicfc 
1885-86,  L.  J.  Heskett;  1886-88,  D.  S.  Scott;  1888-94,  L.  M.  Hartley 
1894-98,  F.  B.  Doudna;  1898-1900,  J.  B.  Hartley;  1900-02,  Isaac  E.  Stubb 
1902-03,  John  S.  Moore;  1903-05,  J.  B.  Lydick;  1905-07,  William  Wesley 
1907-10,  J.  B.  Hartley;  1910,  to  present  time,  Frank  Reed. 

It  will  be  observed  that  Mr.  Lydick  served  longer  as  mayor  than  any 
other  man,  M.  L.  Hartley  and  J.  B.  Hartley  coming  next  in  point  of  length 
of  service.  Among  those  serving  as  clerks  during  the  period  from  1871 
to  191 1  were  T.  M.  Johnson,  J.  A.  McEwen,  I.  P.  Steele.  M.  C.  Hartley, 
Robert  Boyd,  J.  G.  Moore.  A.  H.  Hamilton,  C.  A.  Bowles  and  Ross  Hay. 

The  length  of  service  as  corporation  clerk  and  also  as  township  clerk, 
is  perhaps  unprecedented  in  the  case  of  Robert  Boyd,  who  has  served  twenty- 
one  years  as  clerk  of  the  corporation  in  Quaker  City,  and  his  term  ending 
December  31,  191 1,  as  township  clerk,  gives  him  twenty-five  years  in  that 
office.  The  village  officers  in  1910  are:  Frank  Reed,  mayor;  Ross  Hay, 
clerk,  and  H.  B.  Garber,  treasurer. 


Agricultural  Implements — W.  H.  Hartley  &  Sons,  W.  A.  Lingo  & 

Bank — Quaker  City  National  Bank. 

Confectionery — Charles  Sharrock.  employing  thirty-five  men  touring 
in  season  of  fairs,  with  his  goods. 

Furniture — C.  W.  Eberle. 

General  Dealers — O.  W.  Hunt,  E.  B.  Galloway.  Oscar  Finley,  Mrs. 
M.  A.   Lochary,   Moore  Bros.   &  Company. 

Grocers — Miss  Verna  Boyd. 

Hotel — Quaker  City  House. 

Hardware — W.  A.  Lingo  Company.  W.  H.  Hartley  &  Sons. 

Livery — Cline  &  Eberle. 

Millinery — Ella  M.  Watson. 

Shoes — T.  M.  Johnson. 


Drugs — W.  H,  Tope. 

Meat  Market — Emmet  Wright,  Clyde  Eagon. 

Physicians— S.  G.  Bay,  O.  S.  Bay,  E.  W.  Jones.  J.  B.  Hollingsworth. 

Opera  House — D.  M.  Lingo,  manager. 

Grist  Mill— John  R.  Hall. 

Planing  Mill — A.  Cochran  Company. 

Mines  (Coal) — E.  B.  Galloway,  John  Montgomery,  Waldo  Webster. 

Produce — Quaker  City  Produce  Company. 



Monroe  township  was  cut  from  Jefferson  township  in  April,  1818.  It 
is  on  the  north  line  of  the  county,  and  bounded  on  the  east  by  Washington 
township,  on  the  south  by  Jefferson,  on  the  west  by  Wheeling.  It  is  five 
miles  square  and  hence  contains  about  twenty -five  sections  of  land.  It  is 
a  well  watered  and  drained  portion  of  the  county,  devoted  mostly  to  farming 
and  stock  raising.  New  Birmingham  is  the  only  village  platted  within  the 
borders  of  the  township.  This  was  an  early-day  platting,  but  was  re-platted 
in  i860,  for  assessment  purposes.  It  is  located  on  section  11,  township  4, 
range  2.  Here  a  postoffice  and  a  few  business  houses  were  erected  and 
maintained  for  years.  It  is  now  an  inland  place  of  little,  if  any,  business 

As  one  passes  through  this  portion  of  the  county,  today,  in  search  of 
historic  facts  concerning  the  early  settlement  of  this  particular  township, 
he  cannot  fail  to  be  impressed  with  the  fact  that  time  changes  all  things 
earthly,  and  that  none  are  now  living  who  witnessed  the  first  efforts  at  making 
a  home  within  this  part  of  Guernsey  county;  the  pioneer  has  completed 
his  mission  and  rests  from  the  cares  of  life.  However,  as  late  as  1876,  when 
a  census  was  taken  of  the  oldest  persons  in  this  township,  the  following  were 
found  still  residents,  and  none  were  then  less  than  seventy-six  years  of  age: 
Thomas,  Sarah  and  Thomas  I.  Moore,  Jane  Moore,  Hezekiah  Moore,  Mary 
Engle,  Benjamin  Culbertson,  Solomon  Colley,  Lydia  Colley,  Aneas  Ran- 
dall, Annie  McDonald.  Archibald  Little,  Delphi  Grimsley,  Sarah  White, 
William  Wornick,  Jane  Wornick,  Sidney  Little,  William  Thompson,  Sarah 
Thompson,  Sarah  Anderson,  Daniel  Clark,  James  Neil,  John  Neil,  Sarah 
Richards,  Amos  Richards,  Sarah  Gray.  Elizabeth  Clark,  Isaac  Beal, 
Andrew  Thompson,  Margaret  Willis,  George  Willis,  Nancy  Virtue,  Martha 
Aiken,  Lydia  Lanning,  Sarah  Edwards,  James  Crossgrove,  J.  Hollings- 
worth,  Margaret  Shaw,  John  Smith,  Eleanor  Campbell,  Rebecca  Burnworth, 
Matthew  Johnson,  and  Pleasant  Tedrick. 

Oakley  Lanning  moved  to  this  township  from  Monroe  in  1834  and 
became  a  prominent,  permanent  citizen  of  the  precinct. 


Isaac  M.  Lanning  was  horn  in  New  Jersey  in  1788  and  bought  land 
in  this  county,  but  had  the  misfortune  to  lose  it  by  reason  of  a  defective 
title.  He  married  Lidie  Fuller  and  moved  to  the  farm  he  had  selected  here. 
He  died  in  1867.  He  had  held  the  office  of  justice  of  the  peace  for  more  than 
twenty  years  in  this  township,  hence  was  well  known  and  highly  popular. 

Frederick  Braninger,  a  native  of  Maryland,  was  born  in  1788  and  after 
his  removal  to  Westmoreland  county,  Pennsylvania,  he  married  Susannah 
Hayes,  and  fifteen  years  later  located  in  this  township.  He  was  a  devoted 
member  of  the  Protestant  Methodist  church. 

Samuel  Virtue  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1775,  of  Scotch-Irish  ancestry. 
He  married  in  1799  and  in  1816  made  the  long  sea  voyage  to  this  country. 
He  settled  in  Ohio  county,  West  Virginia,  where  he  lived  for  fifteen  years, 
then  located  in  Monroe  township,  this  county,  and  spent  the  balance  of  his 
days  here  on  a  farm.  He  raised  a  large  and  highly  interesting  family, 
who  have  gone  forth  to  different  callings  in  life. 

Isaac  Beal,  a  native  of  Fayette  county,  Pennsylvania,  born  in  1796, 
lived  there  until  he  married  Martha  Todd,  and  then  removed  to  this  town- 
ship, where  the  remainder  of  his  days  were  spent.  Eight  children  were  born 
of  this  union,  who  survived  to  manhood  and  womanhood.  Osborn,  the 
sixth  child,  was  born  in  1S28  and  married  Amanda  M.  Randall  and  they 
then  set  up  another  household  within  the  township.  He  was  a  trustee  of 
Monroe  township  a  number  of  years  and  held  other  offices.  When  he  set- 
tled here  Beymerstown  had  only  one  house. 



M  \1>IS(>\     TOWNSHIP. 

Second  from  the  north  and  second  from  the  eastern  line  of  Guernsey 
county  is  situated  Madison  township,  which  sub-division  of  this  county 
i-  five  miles  square,  having  twenty-five  sections  of  excellent  land  within 
it-  borders.  This  township  was  organized  and  its  first  township  election 
held  July  is,  1X10.  It  contains  the  usual  amount  <>t"  good,  as  well  as  much 
rough,  untillable  land.  Mxrnt  one-third  of  a  century  ago  the  residents  here. 
who  had  reached  or  passed  their  seventy-sixth  mile-post  were  as  follows: 
Benjamin  Berry,  lame-  Copeland,  Mrs.  F.  Parker,  Samuel  Tannehill,  lames 
Weyer,  Mrs.  C.  Lanfesty,  Elias  Burdett,  Mrs.  S.  Anderson,  Mrs.  E.  Cramer. 
Mr-.  Mary  Johnson,  Mrs.  Stanley  Shaw.  Mrs.  E.  Teitrick.  Mrs.  E.  Shoe- 
man.  Mrs.  Anne  barrell.  Mrs.  E.  I'ritchard.  Mrs.  R.  Harris.  F.  L.  Hafford. 
Samuel  Lindsey,  Mrs.  M.  Lindsey,  William  Scut.  John  Smith.  Mrs.  Mary 
Smith.  William  M.  Jenkins,  John  Sheridan.  John  June-.  Wesley  Gill,  Mrs. 
S.  Nichols,  Henry  Nichols,  Isaac  Ricker,  Mrs.  Amy  Kicker.  Mrs.  Weirick, 
Andrew  F.  Linn.  Mrs.  Grizelle,  George  McCormick,  J.  W.  Mills.  Mrs.  M. 
Stockdale,  John  Stockdale.  James  Stockdale.  John  Saviers.  Bennett  (larding, 
Elias  Burdett,  and   lame-  Weyer. 

Of  others  who  made  settlement,  or  were  born  here  and  performed  well 

their  part-  as  g 1  citizens  in  the  up-building  of  the  township,  it  may  be 

narrated  in  this  connection  that  George  W.  Yeo,  a  native  of  Maryland,  was 
born  in  [813,  and  when  of  age  he  came  to  this  township,  having  first  re- 
sided near  Barnesville  until  about  1^45. 

Daniel  Tcttrick  was  born  in  Xew  Jersey  in  1783  and  came  to  Guernsey 
county  when  seventeen  years  of  age.  In  [810  he  married  Jenny  Scaddon, 
by  Whom  he  had  seven  children.  His  second  wife  was  Mary  Pas-more,  by 
whom  -even  more  children  were  born  to  him.  He  became  one  of  the  Stanch 
men  of  hi-  township  and  lived  to  a  ripe  old  age. 

Samuel  Cunningham,  a  native  of  Ireland,  was  bom  in  1750  and  in  1832 
the  family  moved  to  Guernsey  county.  Ohio,  having  first  remained  in  Wash- 
ington county  nine  year-.  Their  son  James  was  bom  in  Ireland  and  survived 
all  other  member-  of  the  family.      He  married  Elizabeth  Cunningham  in  1838 

and  they   were  the  parents  of  twelve  children. 


Edward  Bratton  was  without  doubt  the  first  white  man  to  locate  in  this 
township.  He  was  born  in  Mifflin  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1784,  and  in 
1799  removed  with  his  father  to  the  new  territory  northwest  of  the  Ohio 
river,  then  just  opening  up  for  settlement.  It  was  late  in  the  month  of 
December  when  they  reached  Wheeling-,  then  comprising  but  a  few  illy-built 
huts  and  houses  built  around  the  public  square.  Crossing  the  Ohio  river,  the 
Brattons  made  their  way  westward  to  the  forks  of  McMahon's  creek,  three 
miles  below  where  the  town  of  Belmont  now  stands.  From  this  place,  in 
1802,  they  moved  up  to  the  Zane  Trace,  near  what  later  became  known  as  the 
Milner  property.  In  the  spring  of  1803,  or  1804,  Joseph  Wright,  father  of 
Nehemiah  Wright,  emigrated  from  Ireland  and  located  near  the  Brattons. 
He  employed  Edward  Bratton,  then  a  stout,  young  man,  nineteen  years  of 
age,  to  make  him  some  rails  with  which  to  fence  or  pen  up  his  stock,  in  order 
to  protect  them  from  the  wolves  and  bears,  which  were  then  very  trouble- 
some. His  work  suited  so  well  that  he  was  hired  to  make  more  rails  to  fence 
in  a  patch  of  ground.  These  young  Bratton  made  at  the  rate  of  fifty  cents 
a  hundred  and  boarded  himself.  In  1805  he  married,  and  taking  the  trail  used 
by  General  Broadhead  in  1780,  when  that  officer  marched  from  Wheeling 
on  the  Coshocton  campaign  against  the  Indians,  he  followed  it  as  far  as 
the  present  town  of  Antrim,  then  diverged  and  went  to  the  present  site  of 
Winchester,  where  he  pitched  his  tent.  The  nearest  settlement  was  where 
Cambridge  stands  today,  but  there  were  five  Indian  families,  including  two 
brothers  named  Jim  and  Bill  (for  short)  and  whose  last  name  was  Lyons; 
Joseph  Sky,  at  the  mouth  of  Brushy  Fork;  one  Douty,  who  had  a  hut  be- 
tween Mrs.  Culbertson's  and  Newman's  Lake,  and  who  had  two  squaws ; 
and  one  Indian  named  Hunter,  who  was  squawless. 

The  first  grist  mill  in  the  county  was  built  on  Salt  fork,  then  in  Madison, 
now  in  Jefferson  township.  The  first  store  was  kept  by  George  Wines  at 
Winchester,  and  there  was  also  the  Methodist  church  building. 


sl'l-.Nt   I   K     ■IciWNSIIII- 

Spencer  is  the  extreme  southwestern  township  in  Guernsey  county. 
It  was  organized  in  [819,  having  been  taken  from  the  west  end  of  what  was 
then  Buffalo  township.  It-  first  election  for  township  officers  was  held  in 
March,  that  year.  It  i-  bounded  by  Noble  and  Muskingum  counties  and 
bj  Westland  and  Jackson,  with  a  portion  of  Valley  townships.  It  contains 
about  twenty-nine  sections  of  land.  It  is  exceptionally  well  watered  by  nu- 
merous small  streams  and  many  pure  springs  are  found  gushing  out  here  and 
there  along  the  rugged  hillsides.  Its  chief  commercial  point  is  Cumberland 
City,  "ii  the  Cumberland  branch  of  the   Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad.     The 

county  is  very  largely  devoted  to  mining  and  stuck  raising.      Its  citizens  are. 

for  the  mosl  part,  enterprising,  thrifty  people,  who  have  descended  from  old 
families  who  settled  there  at  a  very  early  day  and  have  grown  up  and  as- 
sisted in  developing  the  county  to  its  present  state  of  perfection.  Virginia, 
Maryland  and  Pennsylvania  all  sent  forth  many  of  their  sons  and  daughters 

to  effect  this  settlement  in  the  wilds  of  Guernsey  county.  They  came  ahead 
of  railroads,  pikes,  mails  or  milling  facilities,  and  really  "they  huilded  better 
than  they  knew."  With  none  too  rich  a  soil,  and  far  from  markets,  they 
sit  to  work,  with  the  true  -] >i ri t  of  frontiersmen,  to  hew  and  to  dig  out  their 
Own  fortunes.  Money  has  not  been  made  easily  here,  hut  the  present  gen- 
eration  are  the  better  for  having  been  reared  in  a  country  where  money 
wis  not  plentiful,  as  they  now  know  the  real  value  of  a  dollar  and  make 
the  best   possible  use  of  it.     Good  homes,  of  refinement  and  culture,  are  to 

he  seen  throughout  this  g |ly  township — the  one  extending  the  farthest  to  the 

south  of  any  within  the  county. 


Perhaps  no  better  account  of  the  first  settlement  of  this  part  of  Guern- 
sey county  can  he  had  than  to  give  a  list  of  citizens  who  in   1N70  had  reached 

the  g I  old  age  of  seventy-six  years  ami  upwards  and  were  still  residing  in  the 

township.      These    facts  appeared   in  a  centennial  history   in    1876  during  the 

Philadelphia  exposition:  John  Hawes,  Reuben  Stevens,  Mary  Shively,  Juni- 


ctta  Stone,  Rebecca  Blackstone,  Jane  Forsythe,  Vincent  Cockins,  Jacob  Den- 
nis, Nancy  Connor,  Elizabeth  Young,  Jacob  Conkle,  Annie  Inlay,  Hiram 
Ingle,  Amelia  Ingle,  Thomas  Henry,  Samuel  Finley,  Catherine  Finley,  E. 
Daniel,  Robert  Barton,  Nancy  McClelland,  Thomas  N.  Muzzy,  Larinda 
Muzzy,  Thomas  Crawford,  Michael  Cusick,  William  Stuart,  Michael  Joice, 
Mary  C.  Connor,  Jane  Bay,  Elijah  Blackstone,  Henry  Cosgrove,  William 
Rabe,  William  McKelvy,  Nancy  Harper,  William  Shaw,  Sarah  Rabe,  Martha 
Bemis  and  Mary  Johnson. 

From  these  persons  have  grown  up  many  of  the  present  day  families 
who  now  carry  on  the  affairs  of  Spencer  township,  with  honor  and  credit 
to  themselves  and  their  ancestors. 

Vincent  Cockins  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  in 
1802  and  married  in  1835  and  settled  in  Spencer  township,  where  they 
reared  ten  children.  Some  of  these  children  bore  arms  in  the  Union  cause 
during  the  Civil  war. 

Jacob  Hulin  was  also  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  in  Fayette  county 
in  1780.  He  moved  to  Wills  township,  this  county,  and  five  years  later 
removed  to  a  farm  tract — the  present  site  of  Cumberland — and  raised  corn 
where  now  stands  the  city.  He  died  in  1847  on  n's  farm,  three  miles  to 
the  north  of  Cumberland,  to  which  he  had  moved. 

John  M.  Frazier  was  born  in  Loudoun  county,  Virginia,  in  1S17  and 
accompanied  his  parents  to  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  where  he  married 
and  resided  many  years.  One  of  his  sons,  Martin  L.,  was  born  in  1844  and 
when  seventeen  years  old  came  to  Guernsey  county  and  married  Mary  L. 
St.  Clair.  After  living  two  years  in  Muskingum  county  they  moved  to 
Spencer  township,  this  county,  and  became  permanent  and  useful  citizens. 

Hugh  Moore,  father  of  James  A.  Moore,  was  born  in  Greene  county. 
Pennsylvania.  In  1836,  he  moved  to  Opossum  creek,  three  miles  from  Sene- 
caville.  Two  years  later  he  moved  to  Center  township;  still  later  he  lived 
in  Belmont  county,  where  he  and  his  wife  died.  The  son.  James  A.,  moved 
to  Spencer  township  in  1842. 

James  White  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1825  and  moved,  to  Spencer 
township  in  1848.  He  reared  eleven  children.  In  his  early  days  he  taught 

Thomas  Bay,  Jr..  came  here  with  his  father,  Thomas  Bay,  Sr.,  from 
Washington  county.  Pennsylvania,  in  1812,  and  entered  a  large  tract  of 
land  in  the  vicinity  of  present  Cumberland.  He  was  born  in  1782  and  died 
in    1859. 

William  M.  Dolman  was  born  in   1802.  in  Washington  county,   Penn- 

326  '.i   1  KNS1  1    C0UN1  Y,   OHIO. 

sylvania,  and  came  to  *  »lii< »  with  hi-  father,  when  ten  years  of  age.  He  mar- 
ried  and  settled  in  Cumberland  until  iS;vs.  when  he  removed  to  Washington 
county,  Ohio.  He  was  an  overseer  at  the  building  of  the  lock  in  the 
Muskingum   river. 

The  first  man  to  hold  land  title  in  this  township  was  a  Mr.  May,  w li< • 
entered  eighty  acre-  on  the  Covert  farm  about  1806,  made  small  improve- 
ments,  and  died  soon  thereafter.  This  was  long  known  as  the  '".May'-  dead- 
ening." In  [808  Esquire  Lattey  claimed  land  later  owned  by  McClcary.  but 
he  sold  to  Mr.  Lewis  in  1813.  lie  was  the  first  justice  of  the  peace  in  this 
part  of  Guernsey  county.  Mr.  Wolfe  was  a  squatter  and  cleared  a  field  at 
the  east  end  of  Cumberland  in  1809.  Finley  Collins  entered  an  eighty-acre 
tract  just  ea-t  from  Cumberland  at  the  same  date  and  sold  to  Thomas  Bay 
in  1 S 1  _• .  The  first  permanent  settler  was  Thomas  Bay,  of  Pennsylvania, 
who  settled  on  the  present  site  of  Cumberland  in  [812,  purchasing  a  large 
tract  of  land  near  there.  lie  and  his  sons  entered  the  wild,  dense  forests  and 
SOOn  erected  a  commodious  cabin  home  and,  with  ax  and  mattock  in  hand. 
began  to  clear  up  their  lands.  Then  Wheeling  and  Pittsburg  were  but 
small  villages.  However,  these  places  and  Zanesville  afforded  a  ready  mar- 
ket for  the  maple  syrup  made  by  these  Guernsey  county  settlers,  who  in 
some  instances  made  enough  in  this  way  to  enter  their  lands. 

The  second  permanent  settler  was  Eli  Bingham,  of  Vermont,  who  located 
adjoining  Mr.  Bay's  land  in  [813.  He  was  full  of  Yankee  thrift  and  inge- 
nuity and  erected  the  first  brick  residence  in  his  part  of  the  country:  the  same 
was  standing  in    t8O0  ami   may  be  now. 

In  1  Si 4  came  Thomas  X.  Muzzy,  who  also  claimed  land  next  to  Mr. 
Bay's.  He  came  from  Boston  and  not  only  improved  his  lands,  but  soon  set 
about  constructing  a  mill  for  grinding  grain  and  sawing  lumber.  He  it  was 
who  taught  the  first  school  and  the  first  Sunday  school  class  in  bis  neigh- 
borhood. He  also  laid  the  foundation  for  the  first  church  and  organized 
the  first  temperance  society  in  his  beautiful  little  valley.  He  was  in  the  war 
of  [8l2,  and  in  1848,  the  date  of  the  first  survey  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio 
railroad,  volunteered  to  make  a  survey  from  Wheeling  to  Zanesville  through 
Cumberland,  and  came  near  locating  that  road  up  his  valley.  He  came  from 
Spencer,  Massachusetts,  and  hence  named  the  township  after  his  old  home. 
In   1882  Mr.  Bingham  was  the  oldest  resident  in  his  township. 



Cumberland,  the  third  town  in  point  of  commercial  importance  in  Guern- 
sey county,  was  platted  April  24.  1828,  on  section  32,  township  9,  range  10, 
by  James  Bay.  It  is  an  incorporated  place  and  full  of  the  hest  business  en- 
terprise. Its  railroads  are  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  (Eastern  Ohio  division) 
and  the  Ohio  River  and  Western  line  from  Zanesville  to  Bellaire.  The  ex- 
cellent high  school  building  now  in  use  was  erected  in  1892;  it  is  a  two-story, 
six-room  brick  building. 

The  town  is  an  incorporated  one,  and  its  present  population  is  not  far 
from  seven  hundred  and  fifty.  Its  municipal  officers  in  1910  were:  William 
H.  Young,  mayor:  Dr.  S.  M.  Moorehead,  treasurer;  Fred  S.  White,  clerk; 
Frank  Waller,  marshal.  The  following  have  served  the  incorporation  as 
mayors :  William  H.  Young,  B.  S.  Lukens,  William  H.  Young,  B.  S.  Lukens, 
Phil  Johnson,  Dr.  C.  M.  St.  Clair,  W.  H.  McCloy.  T.  G.  McCortle,  Dr.  C. 
Draper,  William  H.  Young.     Possibly  others  may  have  served  a  term. 

The  churches  of  the  town  are  the  Buffalo  Presbyterian,  Cumberland  Pres- 
byterian, Methodist  Episcopal  and  African  Methodist.  At  one  time  a  Bap- 
tist church  was  sustained  here,  but  has  now  been  abandoned.  The  civic  so- 
cieties of  Cumberland  are  the  Masons,  Odd  Fellows,  Maccabees,  United  Me- 
chanics and  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic.  The  Eastern  Star  and  Rebekah 
degrees  of  the  Masonic  and  Odd  Fellows  orders  are  also  represented. 

The  Cumberland  Echo  was  established  in  the  autumn  of  1885.  by  W.  A. 
Reedle:  its  present  proprietor  is  W.  G.  Nichols.     (See  press  chapter.) 

Of  the  Cumberland  postoffice  it  may  be  stated  that  the  date  of  its  institu- 
tion is  not  certain,  but  probably  this  office  was  established  about  1830.  The 
following  have  served  as  postmasters,  with  others  whose  names  have  been 
lost  sight  of  with  the  passing  years :  D.  W.  Forsythe.  William  Howe,  Sam- 
uel Connor.  J-  C.  McClashen,  T.  G.  McCortle,  W.  M.  Crozier,  present  in- 

There  are  now  seven  rural  routes  diverging  out  from  Cumberland,  of 
about  twenty-four  miles  each.  The  first  was  established  September  2,  1901. 
The  Cumberland  office  was  made  a  third  class  office  in  1908.  It  has  remained 
in  its  present  quarters  since  1902.  There  are  five  mails  received  daily.  The 
first  mail  was  brought  here  by  an  old  Cambridge  pioneer,  George  Green,  who 
ran  a  stage  line.  The  present  annual  receipts  of  the  Cumberland  postoffice 
is  $2,500. 


I '.auks — The  Cumberland  Savings  Bank. 
Buggies,  Harness  and  Monuments — L.  R.  Harper. 
Blacksmith—  1  tarry  Luke. 
Brick  and  Tile  Factory — J.  C.  Bay  &  Company. 
Clothing— Connor  &  White,  V.  J.  Shott. 
Drugs— Moore  Brothers,  O.  Garlington. 
Dentist — S.  F.  Moorehead. 

Doctors— F.  P.  Bird,  H.  W.  Holmes,  W.  K.  Bolan. 
Furniture— S.  W.  McClelland. 
Grain  Dealer — M.  Young  &  Company. 
Groceries — Allison  &  Voting,  E.  E  Prouty. 
Hardware— Petty  &  White,  J.  B.  Beckett. 

Hotels — Mrs.  Mary  Fulton,  Fulton  House:  Globe,  Miss  Ella  Kennedy. 
Harness  Dealer — J.  R.  Stewart. 
Jewelry— H.  M.  McKee,  H.  B.  Zoller. 

Livery— S.  P.  McClelland.  Frank  Blackburn,  A.  G.  McClelland. 
Produce — Lyne  &•  Given. 

Millinery— Mrs.  A.  E.  Walters.  Mrs.  Ida  Roberts. 
Meat  Market  —  V.  L.  (das..  \Y.  L  McCracken. 

Mills — M.  Young  Milling  Company,  flouring  mill.  J.  C.  Bays.  \\\  H. 
Stevens,  planing  mill-. 

Newspaper — The  Echo,  W.  <  '•■  Nichols. 
Photograph  Gallery— J.  C.  Crumbaker. 
Stock   Dealer — Spooner  &  McCracken. 
Shoemaker — Elza  Johnson. 
Wool  Buyers — The  St.  Clair  Company. 



Wheeling  township,  organized  in  September,  1810,  is  in  the  extreme 
northwestern  corner  of  Guernsey  county,  and  is  seven  and  a  half  miles  long, 
from  east  to  west,  and  four  miles  wide  in  the  narrowest  place;  it  contains 
about  thirty-three  sections  of  land.  Coshocton  county  is  to  its  west,  Tus- 
carawas to  its  north,  Monroe  township,  east,  Liberty  and  Knox  south  of  it. 

Wills  creek  is  its  principal  stream.  The  line  of  the  railroad  now  known 
as  the  Pennsylvania  follows  the  creek  valley  down  through  this  township 
and  on  into  Liberty  township,  en  route  to  Cambridge.  The  villages  of  this 
sub-division  of  the  county  are  Bird's  Run  and  Guernsey,  both  station  points 
on  the  railroad. 

The  history  of  the  schools  and  churches  will  be  found  in  the  general 
chapters,  while  the  village  history,  plattings,  etc.,  will  be  found  farther  on 
within  this  chapter. 

The  first  settler  was  Robert  Atkinson,  who  settled  on  section  21,  but 
some  one  from  Belmont  county  entered  the  section  before  Atkinson,  where- 
upon he  removed  across  Wills  creek  and  located  on  a  part  of  the  same  sec- 
tion. At  this  time  his  only  neighbor  was  a  man  named  Bird,  who  had  lo- 
cated at  the  big  spring  where  John  Booth  later  resided,  and  where  he  had 
built  a  shanty  and  cleared  up  a  small  piece  of  timber  land.  This  was  eight 
miles  distant  and  over  in  Tuscarawas  county.  The  man  Bird  had  neither 
family  nor  principle.  Atkinson's  wife  died,  and  Bird  and  some  of  the  In- 
dians helped  him  bury  her.  after  which  Atkinson  went  back  to  Virginia  to  get 
another  wife,  leaving  Bird  there  to  take  care  of  the  property  he  had.  Dur- 
ing his  absence,  Bird  loaded  the  household  effects  into  a  boat  and  went  down 
the  stream  into  the  Muskingum  river  and  forever  disappeared.  Hence  the 
creek  was  named  "Bird's  Run." 

In  1806  William  Gibson  settled  on  Wills  creek,  three  miles  above,  and 
1807  found  Philip  Shoff  a  resident.  In  1S10  came  three  Virginia  families — 
Paul  Dewitt,  John  Hodge  and  Abraham  Furney.  All  was  a  wild  wilderness 
and  Indians  lived  in  rude  huts  and  fished  and  hunted  along  the  streams. 
These  tribes  left  about  1812.  Until  181 5  land  could  not  be  taken  up  here 
in  less  than  quarter  sections. 


The  first  school  in  the  township  was  near  present  Bridgewater.  The 
first  church  was  the  Baptist  in  1820,  near  Bridgeville. 

Among  the  pioneer  band  who  settled  in  Wheeling  township,  and  their 
sons  and  daughters,  may  be  named  the  following  list  of  persons  who,  in 
1876,  were  recorded  as  being  at  that  date  seventy-six  or  more  years  of  age : 
George  Shroyock,  Alexander  Mitchell,  Mrs.  Alexander  Mitchell,  Jacob 
Banker,  George  Gibson,  Mrs.  Jane  Gibson,  David  Walgamott,  Mrs.  S.  Wal- 
gamott,  Elizabeth  Carr,  James  Mercer,  Amanda  Hamilton,  N.  Chamberlain. 
Zachariah  Black,  E.  Johnson,  William  Leech,  Joel  Brown,  Fred  Bristol,  W. 
Anderson,  John  Lytle,  St.,  Richard  Leverson,  Henry  Wilson,  Mrs.  C.  Wil- 
son, James  Miskimmin. 

William  Vansickle,  Jr.,  born  in  this  county  in  1840,  married  Elizabeth 
Redd  and  settled  on  a  farm  in  Wheeling  township,  becoming  a  permanent 
settler  there. 

John  Marlatt  was  born  in  Virginia  in  1794,  and  lived  in  Columbiana 
county,  Ohio,  until  1809,  when  he  married  and  resided  in  Coshocton  six  years. 
From  that  time  to  1869  he  lived  in  Wheeling  township.  He  and  his  wife 
were  the  parents  of  twelve  children,  six  of  whom  survived  until  1882.  Mr. 
Marlatt  owned  four  hundred  and  thirty  acres  of  land  and  held  numerous 
local  offices  in  his  township  and  county. 

Other  early  comers  to  Wheeling  township  were  James  Mercer,  John 
Alloway,  Joseph  Furney  and  John  Keast.  The  last  named  was  from  Corn- 
wall, England.  These  pioneers  found  a  rough,  wooded  country  and  all  had 
to  be  hewed  and  grubbed  out  from  a  forest  in  order  to  provide  suitable  fields 
for  the  cultivation  of  crops  and  good  building  sites.  This  took  a  great  amount 
of  hard  work  and  of  a  character  of  which  the  present-day  young  man  knows 
nothing.  The  fathers  and  grandfathers  opened  up  and  made  it  possible  for 
the  dwellers  of  the  twentieth  century  to  live  and  enjoy  what  they  do. 


This  is  a  platted,  incorporated  place  of  some  commercial  importance. 
It  was  platted  in  section  4,  township  2,  range  3,  of  the  military  school  lands, 
by  John  Fordyce,  J.  W.  Robins  and  Madison  Robins,  November  7,  1872. 
A  postoffice  was  established  here  almost  a  half  century  ago.  It  is  now  located 
in  a  general  store  belonging  to  E.  C.  Lawyer,  the  present  postmaster.  There 
are  numerous  dwellings  and  a  neat  church  building,  that  of  the  Protestant 
Methodist  denomination. 

Birds  Run,  or  Bridgeville  postoffice,  as  it  is  called  now,  was  established 


about  forty  years  ago.  It  is  now  kept  in  the  general  store  of  L.  D.  Car- 
rothers,  postmaster.  There  are  two  churches  represented  here,  the  Baptist 
and  the  Methodist  Episcopal. 

UPON   A    HIGH    HILL. 

Upon  a  high  hill  in  Wheeling  township,  near  the  county  road  leading 
from  Guernsey  to  Bridgeville,  is  a  rock  whose  strange  formation  and  ma- 
jestic appearance  excites  wonder  in  every  beholder.  It  resembles  an  immense 
haystack  in  shape,  being  about  forty  feet  in  height,  twenty-five  feet  in  circum- 
ference at  the  base,  thirty-five  feet  at  the  bulge,  and  thirty  feet  at  the  top. 
The  view  from  the  summit  extends  over  four  counties  and  is  said  to  be 
grand.  The  sides  of  this  peculiar  rock  are  carved  with  hieroglyphics  that 
would  make  an  interesting  study  for  the  student  of  aboriginal  history.  We 
are  indebted  for  these  facts  to  D.  F.  Stanley. — Jeffersonian,  March  8,  1883. 



Westland  township  is  one  of  Guernsey  county's  original  townships, 
hence  dates  its  precinct  history  from  April  23,  1810;  its  first  election  for 
township  officers  took  place  in  June  of  that  year.  It  is  in  the  southwestern 
part  of  the  county,  bounded  on  the  west  by  Muskingum  county,  on  the  north 
by  Adams  township,  on  the  east  by  Jackson  and  Cambridge  townships  and 
on  the  south  by  Spencer  township  and  Muskingum  county  and  contains 
twenty-five  sections  of  land,  it  being  five  miles  square.  Crooked  creek,  the 
old  National  pike  and  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad  pass  through  its  north- 
western corner.  Like  other  townships  in  Guernsey  county,  this  is  quite 
rough,  hilly  and  broken  by  valley  and  ridge.  Its  only  platted  village  is 
Claysville,  an  inland  platting  described  elsewhere  with  other  plattings.  Once 
this  township  embraced  much  more  territory  than  at  present,  for  in  1819 
Knox  township  was    formed  from  parts  of  this  and   Wheeling  townships. 


To  have  been  a  pioneer  in  this  section  of  Ohio  meant  hardship  and  an  iron 
constitution.  The  names  of  some  of  the  families  who  thus  blazed  the  way  to 
civilization  and  present  enjoyment,  and  who  resided  in  the  township  in  1876, 
being  advanced  to  the  ripe  old  age  of  seventy-six  years  or  older,  are  as  fol- 
lows:  William  B.  Stewart,  Thomas  J.  Freeman.  Ephraim  Barnett  and  wife, 
Susan  Galloway,  Joseph  Kelly,  Elijah  Wycoff,  John  Hammond,  James  Ster- 
ling, J.  Amspoker,  Mrs.  Wilson,  R.  R.  Moore,  Thomas  E.  Connor,  W.  B. 
Crawford,  Mr.  Best,  Maria  White,  James  Lawrence  and  a  Mrs.  Sterling. 

The  following  paragraphs  will  speak  of  others  who  sought  out  a  home 
and  became  good  citizens  in  this  part  of  Guernsey  county: 

John  Hartong,  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  in  1808,  married,  in  1835, 
Ruth  Terril.  In  1836  they  removed  to  Centre  township,  this  county,  and 
later  became  residents  of  Westland  township.  They  reared  five  children  who 
matured  and  helped  to  subdue  this  part  of  the  county. 

James  Amspoker.  son  of  John  Amspoker,  born  in  Brooke  county,  Vir- 


ginia,  in  1807,  remained  in  his  native  state  almost  a  half  century  and  in  [859 
settled  in  Westland  township,  this  county,  lie  married  and  became  the  father 
of  six  children,  well  known  in  this  county  to  the  older  residents. 

Lewis  Caius  McDonald,  one  of  the  first  children  horn  in  Westland  town- 
ship, the  .date  being  1817,  married  Melissa  Boyd  and  had  five  children;  he 
was  supervisor  a  number  of  terms  in  this  township. 

In  1850  came  the  Best  family  to  Westland  township  from  Pennsylvania 
Mr.  Best  died  in  1880,  leaving  a  family  of  grown  children.  The  John  Best 
farm  of  this  township  contained  almost  two  hundred  acres. 

Robert  R.  Moore  descended  from  William  Moore,  who  was  born  in 
Ireland  in  1791.  After  living  twenty-four  years  in  Pennsylvania,  the  grand- 
father removed  to  Wills  township,  this  county.  Me  had  nine  children.  Rob- 
ert R.  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1810,  moved  to  Terry  county,  Ohio;  and 
in   [843  on  to  this  county,  locating  in  Westland  township. 

William  Bennett,  born  in  Ireland  in  1801,  emigrated  to  Pennsylvania  at 
the  age  of  eighteen  years.  He  married,  spent  four  years  in  Union  township. 
Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  and  in  1838  made  a  permanent  settlement  in  West- 
land  township,  where  he  died  in  1842.  The  children  of  this  pioneer  family 
numbered  eleven,  and  are  now  heads  of  numerous  families  throughout  the 

George  McCreary,  Sr.,  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1790,  emigrated  to  America 
in  [812  and  married,  in  1823,  Sarah  Mills.  This  worthy  couple  located  in 
Westland  township,  where  they  passed  the  remainder  of  their  lives,  the  wife 
dying  in  1847  and  ne  ni  IS/3<  leaving  seven  children. 

Ephraim  Barnett.  a  native  of  Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  born  in 
1801,  married  and  moved  to  Wrestland  township,  this  county,  in  the  spring  of 
1839.  He  died  in  the  autumn  of  1S79.  This  worthy  man  and  wife  were  the 
parents  of  eleven  children,  most,  if  not  all,  of  whom  are  now   deceased. 

William  Fj.  Stewart,  born  in  Ireland  in  1804,  landed  in  Baltimore  in  [830 
and  went  direct  to  Pennsylvania,  where  he  remained  until  1832,  then  removed 
to  Oxford  township.  Guernsey  county,  Ohio.  From  1835  to  1872  he  led  a 
wandering  life,  but  at  the  last  named  year  settled  in  Westland  township,  just 
off  the  National  road.      He  was  thrice  married  and  reared  a  large  family. 

Horatio  Grumman  was  a  son  of  Isaac  Grumman,  who  settled  in  West- 
land  township  when  the  country  was  so  new  that  each  settler  almost  led  the 
life  of  a  hermit.  Isaac  was  born  in  Xew  Jersey  in  1777.  He  married  in  [798 
and  six  years  later  moved  to  Fort  Henry  (now  Wheeling),  and  in  1800  came 
to  Westland  township,  this  county.  He  died  in  1845  ani'  n's  wlt"L'  m  1858. 
Thev  had  nine  children  to  revere  their  names. 


<il   F.RXSEY    COUNTY,    OHIO. 

David  St.  Clair  was  born  in  Maryland  in  1797,  and  during  the  war  of 
1  Si 2  with  Great  Britain,  went  to  Baltimore  to  sell  produce,  and  was  there 
during  the  engagement  with  the  British.  He  accompanied  his  parents  to 
this  county  and  settled  in  Spencer  township,  where  the  family  entered  land  on 

William  Cosgrove,  a  native  of  Mifflin  county,  Pennsylvania,  was  born 
in  1812  and  in  1827  came  to  Ohio  with  his  parents,  living  near  Freeport,  Har- 
rison county,  three  years,  then  went  to  Cambridge  where  he  mastered  the 
cabinetmaker's  trade.  In  1833  he  removed  to  Cumberland  where  he  engaged 
in  chair  making  until  1868,  when  he  engaged  in  the  hotel  business,  being  the 
proprietor  of  the  old  Eagle  hotel.  One  peculiarity  of  this  gentleman  was 
that  he  never  failed  of  taking  a  mid-day  nap,  which  he  argued  gave  great 
strength  and  long  life. 


l,o\l>o\l>|KKY    TOW  XSM  II'. 

Londonderry  is  the  extreme  northeastern  township  in  Guernsey  county. 
Jt  is  six  miles  square,  containing  thirty-six  sections  of  land,  good  as  the  county 
affords.  It  is  bounded  on  the  north  by  Harrison  county,  on  the  east  by  Bel- 
mont county,  on  the  south  by  Oxford  township  and  on  the  west  by  Madison 
and  Washington  townships.  It  has  numerous  streams  coursing  through  its 
territory  and  is  well  suited  for  grazing  and  stock  raising.  Its  schools  and 
churches  are  treated  under  the  general  chapters  on  these  topics. 


This  section  of  the  county,  in  1876,  had  fully  its  share  of  aged  men  and 
women,  as  will  be  seen  by  observing  the  following  list  compiled  at  that  date 
for  a  centennial  history  of  the  township,  which  gave  the  persons  who  had 
reached  seventy-six  years  or  over:  Samuel  Wilkin,  Edward  Carpenter,  Wil- 
liam Francy,  Henry  Crusoe,  Jackson  Gracy,  R.  F.  Campbell,  Robert  Campbell, 
Samuel  Bratton,  Andrew  Hyde,  Robert  Madden,  John  Logan,  Mrs.  A.  Logan, 
Mrs.  C.  Carpenter.  Mrs.  S.  Madden,  Mrs.  S.  McElroy,  Mrs.  S.  Smith,  Mrs. 
E.  Rankins,  Mrs.  J.  Walker,  M.  Walker,  Robert  Blackwood.  T.  G.  Brown, 
William  Hartgrave.  Mrs.  J.  Francy,  Mrs.  E.  Mack,  Mrs.  Sarah  Hunt.  Mrs. 
S.  Rosengrants,  Mrs.  E.  Davis,  Mrs.  S.  Wilkins,  Mrs.  Decker.  Mrs.  Romans, 
Mrs.  H.  Briggs,  Mrs.  J.  Kirk,  Mrs.  Ingle.  Mrs.  S.  B.  Smith,  Simon  Rosen- 
grants,  Jacob  Baker,  William  Wilson,  William  Morrow,  James  Thwaite. 
Samuel  B.  Smith,  Henry  Briggs  and  Joel  Kirk. 

The  father  of  John  Downer  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Pennsyl- 
vania, in  1790  and  came  to  Guernsey  county  in  1813  and  entered  land  in  this 
township  and  cleared  up  a  good  farm  from  out  the  dense  forests.  He  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Work  and  by  her  reared  twelve  children,  the  eldest  of  whom 
was  John,  born  in  1818,  and  who  spent  his  entire  life  in  the  township.  He 
owned  a  quarter  section  of  land  and  was  a  township  official. 

Other  early  settlers  who  aided  in  felling  the  forests  and  making  the 
wilderness  to  blossom  like  the  rose,  were  William  Morrison,  a  native  of  Penn- 
sylvania;  Thomas  Xeilson,  a  native  of  Ohio;  Absalom  Frizzell.  of  Belmont 
county,  Ohio;  John  Mack,  a  native  of  Ireland;  John  Stewart,  born  in  Ireland, 
coming  to  this  country  in  1835:  Robert  Mack,  who  was  born  in  Indiana,  and 


accompanied  his  parents  here  when  young;  George  Smith,  born  in  Virginia 
in  1795  and  in  1809  went  to  the  vicinity  of  Flushing,  Belmont  county,  and  in 
1819  he  and  his  father  entered  eighty  acres  of  land  in  Londonderry  township; 
John  Greenfield  was  a  native  of  Harrison  county,  Ohio,  born  in  1820,  and 
came  to  this  township  in  1846,  settling  on  what  was  subsequently  styled  the 
Kirk  farm,  the  most  of  which  he  helped  to  clear  up  from  the  native  forests; 
others  whose  names  should  not  be  forgotten  as  pioneers  in  Londonderry  town- 
ship were  Amos  Hibbs,  Church  Cox,  George  Smith,  William  Kirk.  Alexander 
L.  Crusser,  Robert  Wilkins  and  John  Stewart. 


The  only  platting  of  a  village  within  this  township  is  Londonderry, 
platted  by  Robert  Wilkins,  August  19,  181 5,  on  section  20,  in  the  northern 
part  of  the  township.  It  never  grew  to  a  place  of  more  importance  than  a 
country  hamlet,  with  a  postoffice  and  a  store  and  small  collection  of  houses. 

Among  the  early  settlers  of  Londonderry  township  were  Cornelius  Dud- 
dall,  James  McCoy,  Henry  Dillon,  Anthony  Arnold,  Edward  Carpenter, 
Mathew  Law,  and  George  Anderson.  Edward  Carpenter  was  born  in  1761 
in  Pennsylvania,  and  died  here  in  1827,  having  settled  in  this  township  in 
1802,  with  his  wife,  Catherine  ( De  Long)  Carpenter,  who  died  here  in  1845. 
Their  son,  Edward,  Jr.,  was  born  in  this  township  in  1802,  and  was  a  justice 
of  the  peace  for  thirty-two  years. 

A  society  of  Friends  (Quakers)  was  organized  in  this  township  in  1819, 
a  half  mile  south  of  Smyrna.  The  first  building,  a  log  one,  was  burned  in  the 
winter  of  1856-57,  and  a  small  frame  structure  took  its  place.  In  1880  this 
was  removed  and  a  large,  commodious  church  erected. 

In  1801  Edward  Carpenter,  son  of  John  Carpenter,  one  of  the  pioneers 
who  crossed  the  Ohio  in  1781  and  built  what  was  known  as  "Carpenter'  Fort," 
a  short  distance  above  Warrenton,  took  a  contract  for  cutting  out  eighteen 
miles  of  the  road  extending  from  Big  Stillwater  to  within  seven  miles  of  Cam- 
bridge, for  which  he  received  the  sum  of  three  hundred  dollars.  As  thus 
opened,  the  road  passed  through  where  Londonderry  now  stands.  Here  Mr. 
Carpenter  settled  about  1807. 

The  early-day  school  facilities  here  were  anything  but  good.  About 
1819  or  1820  the  pioneers  succeeded  in  employing  Robert  Jamison,  an  Irish 
schoolmaster,  who  taught  the  first  school  in  this  township,  and  to  whom  Mr. 
Carpenter  paid  thirty-six  dollars  a  quarter  and  a  Mr.  Wilkins  as  much.  To- 
day school  houses  are  in  evidence  everywhere  and  education  and  religious 
elements  predominate  equal  to  any  part  of  the  county. 



Washington  township,  one  of  the  northeastern  townships  of  this  county, 
is  a  five-mile-square,  twenty-five-section  sub-division  of  Guernsey  county,  and 
is  bounded  on  the  north  by  Tuscarawas  county,  on  the  east  by  Harrison  county 
and  a  part  of  Londonderry  township  in  this  county,  on  the  south  by  Madison 
township  and  on  the  west  by  Monroe  township.  It  is  well  watered  and 
drained  by  numerous  streams  and  flowing  springs  of  the  purest  water.  It  is 
devoted  largely  to  agriculture  and  has  many  fine  and  thrifty  looking  farms 
within  its  borders.  This  civil  township  was  organized  in  1823,  its  early  settle- 
ment preceding  this  a  number  of  years.  It  is  one  of  the  townships  without 
town  or  hamlet. 


Just  who  was  the  first  white  man  to  unfold  the  virgin  soil  and  clear  away 
the  first  tract  of  farm  land,  as  well  as  erect  the  first  cabin  .in  this  township, 
may  never  be  recorded  correctly  in  history,  the  matter  having  been  so  long 
neglected.  But  fortunately  there  was,  during  the  Centennial  Exposition  year, 
a  list  made  of  the  persons  then  residing  in  this  township,  and  who  at  that  date 
— a  third  of  a  century  ago — were  seventy-six  years,  or  more,  of  age.  This 
constituted  many  of  the  original  band  of  settlers  in  this  part  of  the  county. 
This  list  is  as  follows:  Robert  Vance,  Sol  Shers,  John  Allison,  Louis  Myers, 
Jonah  George,  John  Williams,  Finley  McGrew,  Robert  Maxwell,  Benjamin 
Temple,  Edward  Logan,  James  Hastings,  Miss  Ediburne,  Mary  Burris,  Mrs. 
A.  McKinney,  Mrs.  S.  McKinney,  Mrs.  R.  Vance,  Mrs.  Louis  Myers,  Mrs. 
J.  Williams,  Mrs.  F.  McGrew,  Mrs.  P.  Smith,  Mrs.  William  Hastings,  Mrs. 
Nancy  Frazer,  Mrs.  R.  Maxwell,  Mrs.  O.  Brashar,  Mrs.  W.  Smith,  Mrs.  B. 
Temple,  Mrs.  E.  Logan,  and  Mrs.  J.  Logan.  These  women,  for  the  most 
part  were  wives  of  some  one  of  the  early  pioneers. 

John  Owens,  a  native  of  Wales,  born  in  1773,  at  the  age  of  seven  years 

settled  in  Sherman's  valley,  Pennsylvania,  and  came  to  this  township  in  1844. 

He  married  in  1813  and  had  ten  children,  including  J.  W.  Owens,  who  was 

born  in  1836,  in  Trumbull  county.     He  came  to  this  county  and  permanently 



located  in  1844.  He  married  Cynthia  E.  Galligher.  Mr.  Owens  in  the 
early  eighties  owned  almost  three  hundred  acres  of  land,  was  an  excellent 
farmer  and  held  many  local  offices. 

Robert  Vance,  born  in  Maryland  in  1791,  spent  his  youth  in  Washing- 
ton county.  Pennsylvania,  and  came  to  this  township  in  1825.  He  married 
and  was  the  father  of  twelve  children.  Robert,  Jr.,  was  born  on  the  old 
homestead  in  1823  and  ever  after  lived  in  the  township.  In  1845  l">e  married 
Eliza  J.  Campbell,  by  whom  eight  children  were  born.  Mr.  Vance  was  a 
successful  farmer  and  stock  raiser. 

George  Frazer,  born  in  1786  in  Maryland,  moved  to  Trumbull  county, 
Ohio,  in  1795  and  in  1837  settled  on  section  13  of  Washington  township,  this 
county,  and  remained  until  his  death  on  the  farm  of  which  he  was  owner. 
He  married  and  was  the  father  of  thirteen  children,  one  of  whom  was  George. 
Jr.,  born  in  1830  in  Trumbull  county,  Ohio,  and  who  came  to  this  township 
in  1837.  He  married  in  1867  and  they  had  four  children.  Mr.  Frazer 
served  three  years  and  two  months  in  the  Union  army  during  the  Civil  war. 
After  his  return  home,  he  resumed  farming  and  stock  raising,  in  which  he 
was  highly  successful. 

Levi  Williams,  a  native  of  Virginia,  born  near  Winchester  in  1777,  set- 
tled in  Belmont  county  in  1796,  and  moved  to  where  the  town  of  Washington, 
this  county,  stands  in  1800.  There  he  did  the  first  clearing  up  the  native  for- 
ests. He  married  in  Virginia  and  was  the  father  of  eight  children.  He  was 
one  of  the  men  who  assisted  in  cutting  the  National  road  through  the  heavy 
timber  from  Wheeling  to  Zanesville. 

The  reader  is  referred  to  the  general  chapters  of  this  work  for  an  account 
of  the  schools  and  churches  of  this  township. 

Washington  Scott  was  the  first  justice  of  the  peace  and  the  first  clerk 
of  the  township  and  became  state  senator. 

It  is  claimed  by  some  that  Levi  Williams  was  the  first  settler  in  this  town- 
ship. Then  came  the  pioneers,  Robert  Carnes  and  James  Anderson.  In 
1 81 5  and  181 6  came  several  families  and  then  the  township  was  organized  by 
eighteen  voters.  Thomas  Hannah  received  seventeen  votes  at  the  first  elec- 
tion for  representative  to  the  Ohio  Legislature.  In  1882  there  were  two  saw 
mills  and  two  grist  mills ;  a  United  Brethren  and  Protestant  Methodist  church. 
The  first  church,  however,  was  the  Methodist  Episcopal,  formed  in  1816. 

Of  the  first  settler,  Levi  Williams,  let  it  be  recorded  that  he  located  in 
1796  where  Washington  now  stands,  and  did  the  first  clearing  in  Wills  town- 
ship. He  was  a  great  hunter  and  was  a  first  lieutenant  under  "Mad"  An- 
thony Wayne  in  the  Indian  war,  also  under  Harrison  in  i'8i2.     The  general 



opinion  is  that  the  first  three  men  in  this  county  were  Messrs.  Graham,  Wil- 
liams and  John  Mahoney,  all  coming  at  about  the  same  dates. 

John  \Y.  McBride's  father.  Frederick  McBride,  was  a  native  of  Wash- 
ington county,  Pennsylvania,  horn  in  1806,  and  at  the  aye  of  ten  years  ac- 
companied his  parents  to  this  county  and  here  he  grew  to  manhood  and  be- 
came a  prosperous  fanner  and  the  head  of  a  large  family. 

Another  of  the  sturdy  men  of  his  day  and  generation  was  William 
Logan,  horn  in  the  Emerald  isle  in  t  77 r  :  he  married  and  in  1817  came  to 
America,  first  locating  in  Canada,  where  he  lived  one  year  and  then  moved  to 
a  point  about  ten  miles  from  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  but  in  1826  came  to 
Guernsey  county,  Ohio,  and  chopped  a  handsome  farm  from  out  the  big 
woods  of  this  count)-.     He  had  ten  children,  bringing  seven  to  this  country. 

Robert  Campbell,  born  in  Ireland  in  1797,  lived  with  his  father  in  Alle- 
gheny county,  Pennsylvania,  while  learning  the  carding  trade.  He  there  mar- 
ried and  the}-  had  eight  children.  John  M.  was  born  in  Londonderry  town- 
ship, but  when  two  years  of  age  the  family  removed  to  Madison  township. 
He  married,  in  1847.  Mary  McBride  and  they  had  six  children.  His  father, 
Robert,  became  a  large  farmer  and  stock  raiser,  was  commissioner  and  repre- 
sentative for  two  terms  each,  and  died  suddenly  in  Iowa.  He  had  been  mar- 
ried thrice,  but  had  no  children  except  by  his  last  wife. 

George  B.  Carlisle,  born  on  the  Juniata  river  in  Pennsylvania  in  1813, 
came  here  in  1819  and  ever  afterwards  made  this  township  bis  home.  In 
1834  he  married  Elizabeth  Hanna,  a  native  of  Guernsey  county,  and  they 
reared  eleven  children.  John  H,  one  of  the  children  of  this  union,  was  born 
here  in  1835 ;  in  1880  he  married  Mary  E.  Bridgman.  He  farmed  until  1876, 
when  he  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits.  He  served  as  a  lieutenant  in  Com- 
pany A,  Ninety-seventh  Ohio  Infantry,  three  months  during  the  Civil  war, 
and  later  became  a  captain  in  Company  B  of  the  same  regiment. 

James  Stqckdale.  St.,  married,  in  1825,  a  Miss  Phebe  Lening,  eighteen 
years  of  age.  and  she  became  the  mother  of  eleven  children.  Mr.  Stockdale 
owned  a  good  farm  in  this  township,  consisting  of  two  hundred  and  sixty- 
five  acres.  He  farmed  all  bis  life,  except  ten  years  when  he  was  engaged  as  a 
merchant.  In  an  early  day  he  taught  school  and  sat  on  one  end  of  the  back- 
log and  the  scholars  on  the  other  end. 

William  May  made  this  township  his  permanent  home  after  1836.  He 
was  a  farmer  and  stock  raiser  and  worked  at  the  carpenter's  trade. 

James  English,  born  in  this  county  in  1793,  married  Rachel  Rolston  in 
Washington  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1816.  They  had  nine  children;  James, 
the  eldest,  was  a  native  of  Guernsey  county,  born  in  1S17. 


Jacob  Baker,  a  native  of  Chester  county,  Pennsylvania,  born  in  1774, 
moved  to  the  old  Gottengen  farm,  where  he  died  some  years  later.  He  mar- 
ried and  had  nine  children  born  to  him  by  his  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was 
Rebecca  McCutchin.  He  served  his  country  in  the  war  of  1812.  His  chil- 
dren all  became  important  factors  in  the  township  of  their  birth. 

Isaac  Bonnel,  a  native  of  Maryland,  was  born  in  1800  and  when  twelve 
years  of  age  he  and  his  father  cleared  up  a  farm  and  laid  out  Winchester.  In 
1824  he  married  Sarah,  daughter  of  Samuel  Lindsey,  and  had  eleven  children 
born  to  him.  John  M.  was  born  near  the  old  homestead  in  1832  and  married 
Elizabeth  Orr,  by  whom  eight  children  were  born. 

John  Hanna  was  born  on  the  banks  of  the  blue  Juniata  river  in  Pennsyl- 
vania, in  1777,  and  came  to  this  county  in  1806.  He  built  the  first  mill  run 
by  horse  power  in  Washington  township,  and  later  built  a  water  mill  on  the 
Salt  fork  of  Wills  creek.  He  married  Rebecca  Harris  in  1805,  near  Warren- 
town,  Virginia.  Henry  Hanna,  a  son,  was  born  on  the  Madison  township 
homestead  in  1813  and  in  1838  married  Phebe  Carlisle.  Mr.  Hanna  owned 
a  two-hundred-acre  farm  in  1882  and  was  accounted  an  influential  man  of  his 


The  two  town  site  plattings  within  Madison  township  are  Antrim  and 
Winchester.  Antrim  was  laid  out  by  Alexander  Alexander,  March  1,  1830. 
on  lot  12  in  the  first  quarter  of  township  3,  range  1,  of  the  United  States 
military  school  lands.  It  is  in  the  northeastern  portion  of  the  township  and 
has  never  materialized  to  be  a  place  of  much  importance,  being  inland  and 
some  distance  from  the  National  road  and  also  from  railroad  communication. 
It  has  long  been  a  convenient  postoffice  for  that  section  of  the  county  and  has 
at  various  times  had  some  small  stores  and  shops,  with  a  collection  of  a  few 

Winchester,  the  other  platted  village  of  this  township,  was  surveyed  for 
village  purposes  on  section  14,  township  3,  range  1,  August  18,  1836.  by  its 
proprietor.  Isaac  Bonnell. 



Wills  township  is  located  just  east  of  the  central  portion  of  Guernsey 
county  and,  when  first  organized  April  23,  1810,  was  one  of  the  original  sub- 
divisions of  the  county.  As  now  constituted,  after  having  undergone  many 
changes  in  form,  it  contains  about  thirty-nine  sections  of  land  in  one  of  the 
best  portions  of  the  county.  The  National  pike  runs  through  this  township 
from  east  to  west,  with  villages,  named  Washington  and  Elizabethtown,  upon 
its  course,  hence  it  has  not  been  altogether  unobserved  and  for  the  last  four 
score  and  more  years  has  been  the  passage  way  of  thousands  going  over  the 
"Pike"  headed  for  the  "far,  illimitable,  ever-changing  West."  There  are 
numerous  streams  coursing  through  its  domain,  affording  an  abundance  of 
pure  water.  It  is  of  such  shape  that  it  is  bounded  by  six  townships.  Of  the 
schools,  churches,  etc.,  the  general  chapters  of  this  work  will  go  into  detail. 

At  an  accounting  in  1876,  there  were  the  following  persons  aged  seventy- 
six  years  and  over  residing  within  Wills  township.  The  list  includes  many 
of  the  more  prominent  early  settlers :  William  Campbell,  Mrs.  W.  Campbell, 
Lemon  Ferguson,  Mrs.  L.  Ferguson,  P.  Blazer,  William  Englehart,  Mrs.  W. 
Englehart,  George  Chance  and  wife,  Thomas  Boyd  and  wife,  William  Rich- 
ards and  wife,  William  Garey,  Robert  Weaver,  Edward  Hall  and  wife,  Rob- 
ert Perry,  Moses  Frame  and  wife,  John  McCurdy,  James  Gattrell.  Mrs.  James 
Gattrell,  John  La  Rue.  Elijah  Lowry,  Joseph  Williams,  Mrs.  W.  D.  Frame. 
William  McElhaney,  and  wife,  William  Norris  and  wife,  Mrs.  I.  Parlett, 
William  McElhaney  and  wife.  William  Norris  and  wife,  Mrs.  I.  Parlett, 
Mrs.  L.  Waddel,  Mrs.  Clary.  Mrs.  Miller,  Mrs.  Forsvthe.  John  Webster,  John 
Doyle,  Matthew  Doyle,  Mrs.  J.  La  Rue,  Mrs.  Jenkins,  Mrs.  Flemming,  Mrs. 
Arch  Shipley,  Mrs.  Totten,  Mrs.  Anderson,  Mrs.  Ransom,  Mrs.  John  Craig, 
Mrs.  J.  Dorsey,  John  Kendall,  Christopher  Sutton,  C.  McDowell,  Albert 
Vorhes,  Thomas  Stillions  and  wife,  Lewis  Ransom,  Joseph  King,  Roland 
Swan,  I.  Montgomery,  Mrs.  Denoon,  Mrs.  McBurney,  Robert  Dunn,  Jacob 
Heiner,  G.  Hixenbaugh  and  wife,  Mrs.  E.  Carlisle,  Mrs.  Connor,  Mrs.  Jor- 
don,  Mrs.  Barton,  Mrs.  Williams.  Mrs.  Moss,  John  Bonnell.  Mrs.  A.  Vorhes, 
Hezekiah  Clements,  Mrs.  Harkness,  George  Razor,  M.  Bumgardner.  Mrs. 



Bigger  and  McLeran, 

Respectfully  inform  the  people  of  Guernsey  and  adjoining  counties,  that  their 
machinery  is  now  in  full  operation — that  they  are  prepared  to  manufacture, 
either  on  shares,  or  for  pay  by  the  yard,  the  following  kinds  of  goods : 

Cloths,  Cassimeres,  Cassinetts, 

Tweeds,  Jeans,  Flannels,  Blankets, 

Lindseys,  etc.,  etc. 

of  any  color,  stripe  or  mixture,  that  may  be  desired  by  customers.     Those 

who  wish  their  wool  carded  and  spun  only,  can  have  it  done  for  fifteen  cents 

per  pound,  and  ic  per  pound  for  reeling. 


will  also  be  done  by  them,  in  the  best  manner,  at  4c  per  pound,  for  all  grades 
below  half-blood  merino  or  Saxony,  for  the  higher  grades  5c  will  be  charged. 

Their  carding  machines  are  in  excellent  order,  those  therefore,  who  favor 
them  with  their  custom  in  this  line,  may  confidently  expect  good  rolls,  pro- 
vided their  wool  is  well  cleansed  from  gum  and  other  filth. 

Cloth  Dressing,  attended  to  as  usual. 

Wool,  and  other  approved  country  produce  will  be  taken  in  payment  in 
either  of  the  above  branches  of  business,  or  in  exchange  for  goods  of  their 

Washington,  May  8,  1846. 

— From  the  Guernsey  Times,  July  24,  1846. 

Matthew  Doyle  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  born  in  1765,  and  emigrated  to 
Pennsylvania  in  1790.  He  married  and  left  Pennsylvania  in  1814,  moving 
to  Wills  township,  this  county,  and  there  entered  a  quarter  section  of  land. 
He  lived  on  this  land  until  his  death,  in  1835.     His  wife  died  in  1847. 

John  Frame  and  wife,  both  born  in  1772,  settled  in  Wills  township  in 
1810,  thus  being  among  the  first  pioneers.  He  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and 
his  wife  in  Ireland.  When  they  arrived  in  Wills  township  they  found  a  deso- 
late region,  but  lived  to  see  a  goodly  settlement  spring  up  around  them.  He 
died  in  1863,  she  having  passed  from  earth's  shining  circle  in  1848.  They 
had  seven  children. 


George  Cook  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1778,  came  to  Pennsylvania  and 
married  there  when  a  young  man.  After  a  few  years  there  they  moved  to 
Ohio,  settling  in  Wills  township,  this  enmity,  where  he  died  in  1836  and  she 
in  [867.     They  reared  nine  children. 

Elijah  Lowry  was  a  native  of  Maryland,  horn  in  [802,  came  to  Ohio 
when  a  young  man  with  his  parents  and  settled  in  Richland  township,  Guern- 
sey county.  He  married  Mary  Kichey.  who  was  horn  in  1810.  and  soon  after 
their  marriage  they  moved  to  Wills  township,  where  Mrs.  Lowry  died  in  1868. 
They  had  five  children. 

Col.  William  Cochran  was  horn  in  Hickory,  Pennsylvania,  in  1793,  and 
in  1707  the  family  moved  to  their  new  home  in  Wills  township,  this  county. 
There  the  son  William  lived  until  married  and  in  1818  moved  to  a  place  two 
miles  south  of  Middlehourne.  In  1863  he  moved  to  that  hamlet.  He  died  in 
1878,  having  been  twice  married. 

John  La  Rue,  a  native  of  Loudoun  county,  Virginia,  born  in  i;8oi,  ac- 
companied his  parents  to  Richland  township,  Guernsey  county,  in  1808  and 
there  the  parents  spent  the  remainder  of  their  days.  John  married  Rebecca 
Ballard,  born  in  Guernsey  county  in  181  r,  and  they  selected  a  home  in  Wills 
township,  where  he  died  in  1877.  They  reared  ten  out  of  the  twelve  children 
born  to  them. 

Thomas  Law  was  born  in  Wheeling,  West  Virginia.  January  18.  1793. 
and,  with  bis  parents,  came  to  Wayne  township,  Noble  county,  Ohio.  His 
marriage  took  place  in  1822.  He  died  on  a  farm  near  his  father's  in  1834. 
after  which  Mrs.  Law  moved  to  Wills  township.  Thev  had  six  children,  five 
of  whom  grew  to  maturity. 

William  D.  Frame,  born  in  1790,  married  Susanna  Frame  and  they 
settled  on  a  farm  in  this  township,  where  he  died  in  1872. 

Rev.  John  Rea,  D.  D.,  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1773,  went  to  Westmore- 
land county,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  married  and  in  1794  settled  in  what  is 
now  Harrison  county,  Ohio,  where  he  died  in  1856,  his  wife  passing  away  a 
year  prior.  They  had  ten  children,  including  a  son  Francis,  born  in  1808. 
who  graduated  from  Miami  College  and  practiced  medicine.  He  settled  in 
the  village  of  Washington,  Wills  township,  and  reared  a  family. 

John  Baird.  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  in  1789.  remained  with  his 
parents  after  their  removal  to  Wills  township,  this  county.  In  1815  he  mar- 
ried Jane  Frame  and  settled  on  a  farm  in  W ills  township,  upon  which  they  re- 
sided sixty  years.  He  died  in  1875  and  she  in  1874.  They  were  blessed  by 
twelve  children.  This  family  were  devoted  United  Presbyterians  in  their 
religious  faith. 


William  Beveard,  born  in  Ireland  in  1756,  came  to  Maryland,  married, 
and  in  18 10  settled  in  Oxford  township,  this  county.  They  had  a  son  William 
in  Wills  township,  with  whom  they  spent  their  last  days.     Both  died  in  1856. 

James  L.  Smith  born  in  Fayette  county,  Pennsylvania,  in  1807,  married 
and  settled  in  Cambridge,  this  county.  He  drove  stage  from  Cambridge  to 
Washington  seven  years,  then  returned  to  his  native  state.  In  1846  he  began 
to  keep  hotel  at  Washington,  Guernsey  county,  and  kept  it  more  than  a 
quarter  of  a  century. 

Archibald  Wilkin,  born  in  1823,  was  left  an  orphan  at  an  early  age,  re- 
mained in  Pennsylvania  until  1842,  when  he  settled  in  Wills  township,  married 
Mercy  Miller  and  located  on  a  farm.    They  reared  a  good  sized  family. 

John  Cunningham,  a  native  of  Guernsey  county,  born  in  1814,  married 
Martha  Todd  in  1841  when  she  was  but  sixteen  years  of  age.  They  located 
in  Wills  township,  where  he  died  in  1872.  They  reared  a  family  of  ten  in- 
telligent, useful  children. 

Richard  J.  Clark,  born  in  Maryland  in  18 18,  accompanied  his  parents  to 
Cambridge  in  1826.  There  he  married  Anna  M.  Beymer  in  1843  and  they 
moved  to  Washington,  Wills  township,  where  he  embarked  in  the  merchandis- 
ing business.     They  reared  five  children. 


Within  Wills  township  there  are  the  following  business  points :  Wash- 
ington, an  incorporated  town,  and  Elizabethtown. 

Elizabethtown,  on  the  National  pike,  platted  by  Jacob  Weller  on  March  7, 
1832.  This  never  grew  to  be  a  place  of  much  note  and  is  a  mere  hamlet  to- 
day, with  a  few  scattering  houses. 

Washington  is  the  place  around  which  clusters  many  a  fond  memory  of 
historic  days  along  the  pike,  when  it  was  the  great  thoroughfare  for  travelers 
going  westward.  It  was  platted  by  George  and  Henry  Beymer,  September 
28,  1805,  at  a  time  when  this  county  was  yet  a  part  of  old  Muskingum  county, 
and  a  year  before  Cambridge  was  platted.  It  is  the  second  town  plat  in 
Guernsey  county.  It  is  near  the  west  line  of  the  township  and  twelve  miles 
from  Cambridge.  It  was  started  for  the  purpose  of  making  it  the  county- 
seat  town  and  a  good  fight  was  put  up  by  its  proprietors  to  secure  the  prize. 

This  is  an  incorporated  place  and  has  a  city  hall  on  Main  street.  While 
there  is  no  regular  organized  fire  department,  the  village  is  comparatively 
secure  from  fires  by  the  protection  afforded  by  the  hand  pumping  apparatus 
and   the  villagers'   volunteer  company.     The  place   is  nicely   illuminated  by 



means  of  natural  gas,  piped  in  from  a  gas  well  about  a  mile  and  a  half  out, 
located  on  the  farms  of  H.  C.  Beetner  and  J.  J.  Griffith.  This  company  is 
styled  the  Central  Guernsey  Company,  all  the  stockholders  being  residents  of 
Washington  township  and  vicinity.  The  gas  well  has  been  in  operation  since 
the  spring  of  19 10  and  the  gas  is  soon  to  be  piped  to  Lore  City. 

The  present  officers  of  the  municipality  are:  L.  L.  Young,  mayor;  I). 
A.  Watson,  clerk;  John  H.  Taylor,  treasurer;  Jess  Lunsford,  marshal. 

The  present  population  of  Washington  is  carefully  estimated  at  four 
hundred  and  fifty.  There  has  been  a  postoffice  here  from  an  early  date  and 
it  is  now  located  in  the  store  of  John  H.  Taylor,  the  present  postmaster.  No 
rural  routes  are  as  yet  established  from  Washington.  Mail  comes  by  stage, 
daily.  The  postmasters  have  included  the  following:  Mrs.  Harriet  McKis- 
son,  D.  E.  Patterson,  .Mrs.  Mary  A.  Craig.  J.  F.  St.  Clair,  W.  O.  Moore  and 
John  H.  Taylor. 

The  religious  element  is  not  wanting  here.  There  are  three  churches, 
the  Methodist,  Presbyterian  and  United  Presbyterian. 

The  general  business  of  the  place  may  be  summed  up  in  October.  19 10. 
as  being  in  the  hands  of  the  following  persons:  Dr.  J.  M.  Thompson,  prac- 
ticing physician;  the  Washington  Roller  Mills  (steam)  ;  a  planing  mill,  with 
cider  works  attached  in  season,  also  feed  grinding,  all  operated  by  L.  L. 
Young;  agricultural  implements,  R.  M.  Laughman ;  general  stores,  by  John 
H.  Taylor,  R.  C.  McCrearen  and  C.  C.  Law;  hardware,  R.  S.  Frame;  shoe 
store,  S.  B.  Lawrence ;  drugs,  J.  A.  Warfield ;  grocery,  D.  E.  Patterson ;  hotels, 
Washington  House,  by  R.  M.  Laughman;  millinery,  Miss  Mattie  Crawford; 
meat  market,  W.  J.  Chapman. 

An  account  of  Washington  in  early  times  was  written  in  a  collection  of 
historic  sketches  by  a  local  writer  in  1882  which  reads  as  follows  and  throws 
much  light  on  the  pioneer  village  of  this  county : 

"The  pike  runs  through  the  village  from  east  to  west  and  the  structures 
on  either  hand  are  the  most  ordinary,  rude  cabins,  the  only  notable  exceptions 
being  the  residences  of  the  Lawrences  and  Doctor  Rea,  which  loom  up  in 
strange  contrast  with  their  surroundings.  The  residence  of  the  late  William 
Lawrence  is  beyond  question  greatly  superior  to  any  ever  constructed  in  this 
county.  In  the  rear  of  Mr.  Lawrence's  mansion  and  a  few  rods  to  the  left  is 
the  neat  little  cemetery  where  the  early  fathers  of  the  hamlet  sleep.  On  the 
pike,  some  four  hundred  rods  east  of  town,  are  the  county  fair  grounds 
In  the  village  are  two  large  dry  goods  stores  kept  by  ladies,  a  large  and 
handsome  shoe  store  known  as  Lawrence's,  a  first-class  implement  house  and 
hardware  store,  of  which  Roland  S.  Frame  is  proprietor,  several  hotels  and 


churches,  and  the  usual  number  of  business  places  of  various  kinds  which  are 
found  in  a  town  of  this  size.  There  are,  however,  no  industrial  establish- 


The  town  was  originally  named  Beymerstown,  and  its  founder  changed 
its  name  when  the  town  was  incorporated.  It  is  in  the  center  of  the  county. 
On  the  present  site  of  the  Ark  stood  a  tavern,  which  was  kept  first  by  Mr. 
Frazey,  then  by  John  Murphy,  Mrs.  McCreary  and  her  son  James,  and  after- 
wards by  E.  D.  Withers.  This  property  was  then  sold,  the  east  lot  to  Joshua 
Martin  and  the  west  lot  to  John  Lawrence.  Martin  demolished  the  old  rickety 
buildings  standing  on  the  lot  he  bought,  erecting  in  their  stead  a  large  brick 
building,  now  known  as  the  "Ark."  Mr.  Lawrence  used  the  old  tavern  build- 
ing for  various  purposes  for  some  years,  and  sold  the  premises  to  the  Old- 
School  Presbyterians,  and  they  erected  a  fine  church  thereon.  Just  west  of 
the  old  tavern  was  the  tan-yard  of  Jacob  Saltsgaver.  On  a  portion  of  this 
tan-yard  now  stands  the  mansion  of  Doctor  Rea,  who  settled  in  the  place  in 
1852.  Andrew  McCleary,  a  carpenter,  came  early  and  lived  in  a  two-story 
hewed  log  house,  which  stood  where  James  McDowell's  shop  later  stood. 
He  was  sexton  of  the  old  Associate  Reform  church  for  many  years.  West 
of  McCleary's  was  the  old  tavern  square,  and  on  the  east  corner  a  blacksmith's 
shop,  occupied  by  William  Haines.  Next  to  his  shop  was  a  great  gate  for 
wagons  to  drive  through  to  the  back  of  the  yard.  On  the  lot  west  of  this 
stood  the  old  tavern,  the  first  part  of  which  was  erected  by  Henry  Beymer.  in 
early  times.  It  was  later  kept  by  John  A.  Roe,  and  during  his  administra- 
tion an  animal  show  tent  was  spread  in  the  rear  of  the  tavern.  Afterwards 
the  tavern  was  run  by  John  and  David  Miskimmons,  and  then  Frazey  took  it. 

At  the  east  end  of  the  town  is  what  is  known  as  Robb's  addition,  on 
which  lived  David  Robb.  He  moved  to  Zanesville,  and  his  landed  estate  on 
the  south  side  of  the  National  road  was  then  sold  to  John  Barton,  and  all  on 
the  north  side  to  Alexander  Frew  and  son-in-law,  William  Anderson.  Mr. 
Withrow  was  a  blacksmith  who  came  to  the  place  in  1842  and  after  about 
twenty  years  his  wife  and  eldest  daughter  were  instantly  killed  by  lightning. 
William  Englehart  came  here  before  1812  and  is  still  (1882)  here,  aged  ninety 
years.  He  is  the  oldest  person  in  the  village,  and  is  a  Presbyterian  in  re- 
ligion, a  Democrat  in  politics  and  by  trade  a  carpenter.  At  first,  he  was  a 
clerk  in  the  only  dry  goods  store  here,  kept  by  Thomas  Hanna.  'Squire  Peter 
Omstot.  the  owner  and  occupant  of  the  two  lots  west  of  Mr.  Barton,  was  an 
honest  Dutchman,  who  was  almost  the  first  justice  of  the  peace  and  post- 
master here,  and  held  both  offices  for  thirty  years.     Fie  used  to  make  wooden 


plows.  His  office  was  located  about  where  the  "Ark"  was  later  built.  'Squire 
Omstot  caused  the  expulsion  of  the  famous  "Leatherwood  God"  from  this 
county.  He  closed  his  earthly  career  at  his  favorite  amusement.  The  old 
gentleman  had  just  finished  singing  "Auld  Lang  Syne."  accompanied  by  R.  J. 
Clark  on  the  clarionet,  in  the  store  of  the  late  John  Craig,  when  he  took  off 
his  spectacles,  put  them  in  his  pocket,  and,  turning  to  go,  fell  dead  on  the  floor. 


There  was,  however,  an  older  village  than  all  of  these  named  and  one 
that  had  the  distinction  of  being  the  pioneer  place  of  Guernsey.  This  was 
known  as  Frankfort.  This  plat  was  made  in  1804,  when  this  was  still  Guern- 
sey county.  It  was  located  on  lands  later  owned  by  John  Doyle.  It  had 
been  the  property  of  the  McNutts  and  the  Moores.  The  town  was  laid  out 
by  Joseph  Smith,  and  grew  until  it  had  a  population  of  about  two  hundred 
souls.  It  had  two  stores,  a  mill  and  a  distillery.  At  that  date  there  were 
but  about  thirty  families  in  this  county.  When  Washington,  Cambridge  and 
the  National  road  were  established.  Frankfort  began  to  decline  and  finally  was 
abandoned.  The  last  old  tavern  was  torn  down  about  1867  and  in  the  founda- 
tion stones  were  found  several  gold  sovereigns  of  the  time  of  Queen  Anne. 


Derwent  postoffice,  which  was  established  about  1898,  is  a  fourth-class 
office,  and  was  first  kept  in  the  railroad  depot.  The  only  two  having  served 
as  postmasters  are,  first,  M.  L.  Spaid  and  the  present  postmaster,  J.  L.  Davis. 
An  attempt  was  made  in  1909  to  rob  this  office,  but  the  thieves  failed  to  se- 
cure anything  of  value.     Four  mails  go  and  come  from  Derwent  daily  now. 

Derwent  was  platted  on  a  part  of  section  4,  township  8,  range  9,  by 
Eliza  Dickefson,  August  10,  1898. 

The  Imperial  coal  mine  has  been  in  operation  since  about  1892,  but  it 
is  supposed  that  the  coal  supply  at  that  particular  place  will  hold  out  but  about 
two  vears  longer.  The  Puritan  mine,  farther  down,  has  been  running  two 
years  and,  being  comparatively  new,  will  doubtless  last  many  years  yet. 

There  is  but  one  church  at  Derwent.  the  Methodist  Episcopal.  The